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stroke volume variation

Sanna L Lahtinen, Janne H Liisanantti, Meri M Poukkanen, Päivi A Laurila
BACKGROUND: Goal-directed fluid management using stroke volume variation (SVV) analysis is not well studied in free flap reconstruction surgery in patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: Patients operated due to cancer of the head and neck with free flap reconstruction during 2008-2010 and 2012-2014 in Oulu University Hospital were retrospectively evaluated to determine the impact of SVV-guided fluid management on perioperative fluid balance, postoperative complications and hospital length of stay (LOS)...
October 19, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Domenico Acanfora, Pietro Scicchitano, Gerardo Casucci, Bernardo Lanzillo, Nicola Capuano, Giuseppe Furgi, Chiara Acanfora, Marialaura Longobardi, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Giuseppe Piscosquito, Marco Matteo Ciccone
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of exercise training on cardiac function in heart failure (HF) patients recently suffering from acute decompensation. Radionuclide ambulatory ventricular function monitoring (VEST) was used to detect variations in cardiac hemodynamics during training period. METHODS: This was a monocentric, randomized, controlled trial. We enrolled 72 HF patients [left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) <40%] within two weeks after acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema: 40 in the elderly group, 32 in the middle-aged group...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Anton Krige, Martin Bland, Thomas Fanshawe
BACKGROUND: Passive leg raising (PLR) is a so called self-volume challenge used to test for fluid responsiveness. Changes in cardiac output (CO) or stroke volume (SV) measured during PLR are used to predict the need for subsequent fluid loading. This requires a device that can measure CO changes rapidly. The Vigileo™ monitor, using third-generation software, allows continuous CO monitoring. The aim of this study was to compare changes in CO (measured with the Vigileo device) during a PLR manoeuvre to calculate the accuracy for predicting fluid responsiveness...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
Jitin Narula, Usha Kiran, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Minati Choudhury, Palleti Rajashekar, Ujjwal Kumar Chowdhary
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of autologous blood harvest (ABH)-induced volume shifts using electrical cardiometry (EC) in patients with pulmonary artery hypertension secondary to left heart disease. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: A tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 50 patients scheduled to undergo heart valve replacement. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were divided randomly into 2 experimental groups that were distinguished by whether ABH was performed...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Rohan Magoon, Rajinder Rawat, Yatin Mehta
Goal-directed therapy (GDT) encompasses guidance of intravenous (IV) fluid and vasopressor/inotropic therapy by cardiac output or similar parameters to help in early recognition and management of high-risk cardiac surgical patients. With the aim of establishing the utility of perioperative GDT using robust clinical and biochemical outcomes, we conducted the present study. This multicenter randomized controlled study included 130 patients of either sex, with European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation ≥3 undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting on cardiopulmonary bypass...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Alexandre Joosten, Amélie Delaporte, Maxime Cannesson, Joseph Rinehart, Jean Philippe Dewilde, Luc Van Obbergh, Luc Barvais
Automated delivery of anesthesia guided by processed electroencephalogram monitoring using a closed-loop system is no longer a novel concept. However, combining multiple independent physiologic closed-loop systems together has never been documented before. The purpose of this case report was to evaluate the feasibility of automated anesthesia and fluid management based on a combination of physiological variables (bispectral index, stroke volume, and stroke volume variations) using 2 independent closed-loop systems...
September 23, 2016: A & A Case Reports
Larissa Di Marzo, Patrick Cree, David M Barbano
Our objective was to develop partial least square models using data from Fourier Transform mid-infrared (MIR) spectra to predict the particle size distributions d(0.5) and d(0.9), surface volume mean diameter D[3,2], and volume moment mean diameter D[4,3] of milk fat globules and validate the models. The goal of the study was to produce a method built into the MIR milk analyzer that could be used to warn the instrument operator that the homogenizer is near failure and needs to be replaced to ensure quality of results...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Emily C O'Brien, Ying Xian, Haolin Xu, Jingjing Wu, Jeffrey L Saver, Eric E Smith, Lee H Schwamm, Eric D Peterson, Mathew J Reeves, Deepak L Bhatt, Lesley Maisch, Deidre Hannah, Brianna Lindholm, DaiWai Olson, Janet Prvu Bettger, Michael Pencina, Adrian F Hernandez, Gregg C Fonarow
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke survivors identify home-time as a high-priority outcome; there are limited data on factors influencing home-time and home-time variability among discharging hospitals. METHODS: We ascertained home-time (ie, time alive out of a hospital, inpatient rehabilitation facility, or skilled nursing facility) at 90 days and 1-year post discharge by linking data from Get With The Guidelines-Stroke Registry patients (≥65 years) to Medicare claims...
October 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
T G V Cherpanath, B F Geerts, J J Maas, R B P de Wilde, A B Groeneveld, J R Jansen
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-induced dynamic hemodynamic parameters such as stroke volume variation (SVV) and pulse pressure variation (PPV) have been shown to predict fluid responsiveness in contrast to static hemodynamic parameters such as central venous pressure (CVP). We hypothesized that the ventilator-induced central venous pressure variation (CVPV) could predict fluid responsiveness. METHODS: Twenty-two elective cardiac surgery patients were studied post-operatively on the intensive care unit during mechanical ventilation with tidal volumes of 6-8 ml/kg without spontaneous breathing efforts or cardiac arrhythmia...
November 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Nathalie Linn Anikken Holme, Erling Bekkestad Rein, Maja Elstad
PURPOSE: Hypovolemia decreases preload and cardiac stroke volume. Cardiac stroke volume (SV) and its variability (cardiac stroke volume variability, SVV) have been proposed as clinical tools for detection of acute hemorrhage. We compared three non-invasive SV measurements and investigated if respiration-induced fluctuations in SV may detect mild and moderate hypovolemia in spontaneously breathing humans. METHODS: Ten healthy subjects underwent experimental central hypovolemia induced by lower body negative pressure to -60 mmHg or onset of presyncopal symptoms...
September 10, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Pongdhep Theerawit, Thotsaporn Morasert, Yuda Sutherasan
BACKGROUND: Currently, physicians employ pulse pressure variation (PPV) as a gold standard for predicting fluid responsiveness. However, employing ultrasonography in intensive care units is increasing, including using the ultrasonography for assessment of fluid responsiveness. Data comparing the performance of both methods are still lacking. This is the reason for the present study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study in patients with sepsis requiring fluid challenge...
August 13, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Elizabeth S Powell, Cheryl Carrico, Philip M Westgate, Kenneth C Chelette, Laurie Nichols, Lakshmi Reddy, Emily Salyers, Andrea Ward, Lumy Sawaki
BACKGROUND: Intensive motor training is a therapeutic intervention that supports recovery of movement function after stroke by capitalizing on the brain's capacity for neuroplastic change. Peripheral nerve stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation are neuromodulation techniques that can upregulate neuroplasticity and, in turn, enhance outcomes of motor training after stroke. Few studies have investigated possible adjuvant effects between peripheral nerve stimulation, transcranial direct current stimulation, and intensive motor training...
July 15, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
Francisco Contijoch, Srikant Kamesh Iyer, James J Pilla, Paul Yushkevich, Joseph H Gorman, Robert C Gorman, Harold Litt, Yuchi Han, Walter R T Witschey
PURPOSE: Develop self-gated MRI for distinct heartbeat morphologies in subjects with arrhythmias. METHODS: Golden angle radial data was obtained in seven sinus and eight arrhythmias subjects. An image-based cardiac navigator was derived from single-shot images, distinct beat types were identified, and images were reconstructed for repeated morphologies. Image sharpness, contrast, and volume variation were quantified and compared with self-gated MRI. Images were scored for image quality and artifacts...
August 31, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Hwang-Woon Moon, Sub Sunoo, Hun-Young Park, Dong-Jun Lee, Sang-Seok Nam
PURPOSE: Evaluation of metabolic parameters and cardiac function is important to determine the decrease in aerobic exercise capacity under hypoxic conditions. However, the variations in metabolic parameters and cardiac function and the reasons for the decrease in aerobic exercise capacity under hypoxic conditions have not been clearly explained. The purpose of this study was to compare the responses between sea level and various acute normobaric hypoxic conditions on metabolic parameters and cardiac function during exercise and recovery in order to evaluate aerobic exercise capacity...
2016: SpringerPlus
A de Sitter, R M Verdaasdonk, T J C Faes
Impedance cardiography (ICG) is a method to evaluate cardiac-stroke volume and cardiac-output by measuring the cardiac-synchronous changes in the dynamic trans-thoracic electrical impedance (ΔZ). Clinical evaluations on the accuracy of ICG showed varying results. Consequently, the classic assumption in ICG-the aorta as a main source of ΔZ-is questioned and subsequently investigated in simulation studies using mathematical models of the electrical resistivity of the human body. The aim is to review the consensus in mathematical modelling studies that investigate the origin of the ΔZ as measured in ICG...
September 2016: Physiological Measurement
Matthias Jaeger, Angela K Khoo, David A Conforti, Ramesh Cuganesan
Phase contrast cine MRI with determination of pulsatile aqueductal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) stroke volume and flow velocity has been suggested to assess intracranial pulsations in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). We aimed to compare this non-invasive measure of pulsations to intracranial pressure (ICP) pulse wave amplitude from continuous ICP monitoring. We hypothesised that a significant correlation between these two markers of intracranial pulsations exists. Fifteen patients with suspected iNPH had continuous computerised ICP monitoring with calculation of mean ICP pulse wave amplitude (MWA) from time-domain analysis...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Michael Dahl, Chris Hayes, Bodil Steen Rasmussen, Anders Larsson, Niels H Secher
BACKGROUND: Whether during spontaneous breathing arterial pressure variations (APV) can detect a volume deficit is not established. We hypothesized that amplification of intra-thoracic pressure oscillations by breathing through resistors would enhance APV to allow identification of a reduced cardiac output (CO). This study tested that hypothesis in healthy volunteers exposed to central hypovolemia by head-up tilt. METHODS: Thirteen healthy volunteers were exposed to central hypovolemia by 45° head-up tilt while breathing through a facemask with 7...
2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Ole Broch, Jochen Renner, Patrick Meybohm, Martin Albrecht, Jan Höcker, Assad Haneya, Markus Steinfath, Berthold Bein, Matthias Gruenewald
OBJECTIVES: The reliability of dynamic and volumetric variables of fluid responsiveness in the presence of pericardial effusion is still elusive. The aim of the present study was to investigate their predictive power in a porcine model with hemodynamic relevant pericardial effusion. DESIGN: A single-center animal investigation. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve German domestic pigs. INTERVENTIONS: Pigs were studied before and during pericardial effusion...
October 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Teiji Sawa, Mao Kinoshita, Atsushi Kainuma, Koichi Akiyama, Yoshifumi Naito, Hideya Kato, Fumimasa Amaya, Keiji Shigemi
Arterial pulse waveform analysis (APWA) with a semi-invasive cardiac output monitoring device is popular in perioperative hemodynamic and fluid management. However, in APWA, evaluation of hemodynamic data is not well discussed. In this study, we analyzed how we visually interpret hemodynamic data, including stroke volume variation (SVV) and stroke volume (SV) derived from APWA. We performed arithmetic estimation of the SVV-SV relationship and applied measured values to this estimation. We then collected measured values in six anesthesia cases, including three liver transplantations and three other types of surgeries, to apply them to this SVV-SVI (stroke volume variation index) plot...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Danni Zheng, Shoichiro Sato, Yong-Jun Cao, Hisatomi Arima, Cheryl Carcel, John Chalmers, Craig S Anderson
Previous studies consistently reported a diurnal variation in the occurrence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), with a morning peak. However, limited knowledge exists on the circadian pattern of ICH severity and outcome. This study aimed to determine possible associations between ICH onset time and admission severity and 90-day outcomes using the combined data set of the pilot and main-phase Intensive blood pressure (BP) reduction in an acute cerebral hemorrhage trial (INTERACT). The ICH onset time was categorized into three groups (1: 00:00-07:59; 2: 08:00-15:59; and 3: 16:00-23:59)...
2016: Chronobiology International
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