Read by QxMD icon Read


Weiyang Chen, Longfa Fang, Xiahe Huang, Haitao Ge, Jinlong Wang, Xiaorong Wang, Yuanya Zhang, Na Sui, Wu Xu, Yingchun Wang
Differential expression of cold-responsive proteins is necessary for cyanobacteria to acclimate to cold stress frequently occurring in their natural habitats. Accumulating evidence indicates that cold-induced expression of certain proteins is dependent on light illumination, but a systematic identification of light-dependent and/or light-independent cold-responsive proteins in cyanobacteria is still lacking. Herein, we comprehensively identified cold-responsive proteins in a model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Ciarán L Kelly, George M Taylor, Andrew Hitchcock, Antonio Torres-Méndez, John T Heap
Cyanobacteria are important for fundamental studies of photosynthesis and have great biotechnological potential. In order to better study and fully exploit these organisms, the limited repertoire of genetic tools and parts must be expanded. A small number of inducible promoters have been used in cyanobacteria, allowing dynamic external control of gene expression through the addition of specific inducer molecules. However, the inducible promoters used to date suffer from various drawbacks including toxicity of inducers, leaky expression in the absence of inducer and inducer photolability, the latter being particularly relevant to cyanobacteria which, as photoautotrophs, are grown under light...
March 15, 2018: ACS Synthetic Biology
Phaniendra Alugoju, Vkd Krishan Swamy, Latha Periyasamy
Aging is characterized by gradual accumulation of macromolecular damage leading to progressive loss of physiological function and increased susceptibility to diverse diseases. Effective anti-aging strategies involving caloric restriction or antioxidant supplementation are receiving growing attention to attenuate macromolecular damage in age associated pathology. In the present study, we for the first time investigated the effect of quercetin, caloric restriction and combined treatment (caloric restriction with quercetin) on oxidative stress parameters, acetylcholinesterase and ATPases enzyme activities in the cerebral cortex of aged male wistar rat brain...
March 14, 2018: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
Rahat A Abdoellakhan, Nakisa Khorsand, Reinier M Van Hest, Nic Veeger, Ewoud Ter Avest, Paula F Ypma, Laura M Faber, Karina Meijer
INTRODUCTION: There is currently little evidence for the optimal dosing strategy of four-factor prothrombin complex concentrates (PCC) in vitamin K antagonist (VKA)-related bleeds. The generally accepted dosing strategy is the use of a variable dose calculated using patient-specific characteristics as per manufacturer's instruction. However, evidence exists that the use of a fixed low dose of 1000 international units of factor IX (IU fIX) might also suffice. Recent studies indicate that in terms of haemostatic effectiveness, the fixed dosing strategy might be even superior to the variable dosing strategy...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Bei-Bei Wu, Ye Ma, Lei Xie, Jin-Zhuang Huang, Zong-Bo Sun, Zhi-Duo Hou, Rui-Wei Guo, Zhi-Rong Lin, Shou-Xing Duan, Shan-Shan Zhao, Yao-Xie, Dan-Miao Sun, Chun-Min Zhu, Shu-Hua Ma
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with cognitive deficit but the exact neural mechanisms remain unclear. PURPOSE: To explore sequential brain activities using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during the performance of a decision-making task, and to determine whether serum or clinical markers can reflect the involvement of the brain in SLE. SUBJECTS: Sixteen female SLE patients without overt clinical neuropsychiatric symptoms and 16 healthy controls were included...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Aaron B Taylor, Maria S Ioannou, Jesse Aaron, Teng-Leong Chew
The spatial association between fluorescently tagged biomolecules in situ provides valuable insight into their biological relationship. Within the limits of diffraction, such association can be measured using either Pearson's Correlation Coefficient (PCC) or Spearman's Rank Coefficient (SRC), which are designed to measure linear and monotonic correlations, respectively. However, the relationship between real biological signals is often more complex than these measures assume, rendering their results difficult to interpret...
March 13, 2018: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
Sun Young Choi, Sang Jun Sim, Jong-Il Choi, Han Min Woo
To identify microbial squalene that has been widely used in various industrial applications, intracellular formation of photosynthetic squalene was investigated using the previously engineered Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 strain. Unlike the proposed localization of squalene in the membrane bilayer, small droplets were identified in the cytoplasm of S. elongatus PCC 7942 as squalene using transmission electron microscopy analysis. Determination of the diameters of the squalene droplets with manual examination of 1,016 droplets in different squalene-producing strains indicated larger squalene droplets in larger cells...
March 12, 2018: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Saratram Gopalakrishnan, Himadri B Pakrasi, Costas D Maranas
Completeness and accuracy of metabolic mapping models impacts the reliability of flux estimation in photoautotrophic systems. In this study, metabolic fluxes under photoautotrophic growth conditions in the widely-used cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803 are quantified by re-analyzing an existing dataset using genome-scale isotopic instationary13 C-Metabolic Flux Analysis (INST-MFA). The reconstructed carbon mapping model imSyn617 and implemented algorithmic updates afforded an approximately 48% reduction in computation time...
March 8, 2018: Metabolic Engineering
Napoleon N Ekem, Lucky O Lawani, Robinson C Onoh, Chukwuemeka A Iyoke, Leonard O Ajah, Emeka O Onwe, Azubuike K Onyebuchi, Love C Okafor
Preconception care (PCC) is a preventive strategy for maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to assess the level of awareness and utilisation of PCC services. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted at a teaching hospital. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were used to extract information. A total of 450 participants responded; 44.2% (190/450) were aware, 31.7% (143/450) had good knowledge, while only 10.3% (46/450) received PCC. Health care providers were the main source of information (77...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Anne-Marie Laslett, Heng Jiang, Tanya Chikritzhs
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to quantify the population-level associations between child injury deaths and adult (aged 15+ years) per capita alcohol consumption (PCC) and between child injury deaths and the impact of major alcohol and safety policy changes in Australia. METHODS: All child deaths due to external causes during 1910-2013, and child deaths due specifically to road crashes, assaults, suicide and other external causes, were obtained from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare...
January 31, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Cátia F Gonçalves, Catarina C Pacheco, Paula Tamagnini, Paulo Oliveira
Cyanobacteria were the first organisms ever to perform oxygenic photosynthesis and still significantly contribute to primary production on a global scale. To assure the proper functioning of their primary metabolism and cell homeostasis, cyanobacteria must rely on efficient transport systems to cross their multilayered cell envelope. However, cyanobacterial secretion mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here, we report on the identification of 11 putative inner membrane translocase components of TolC-mediated secretion in the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp...
March 9, 2018: Environmental Microbiology
Ginga Shimakawa, Chikahiro Miyake
Oxygenic phototrophs are vulnerable to damage by reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are produced in photosystem I (PSI) by excess photon energy over the demand of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation. In plant leaves, repetitive short-pulse (rSP) illumination produces ROS to inactivate PSI. The production of ROS is alleviated by oxidation of the reaction center chlorophyll in PSI, P700, during the illumination with the short-pulse light, which is supported by flavodiiron protein (FLV). In this study, we found that in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp...
March 8, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
Shigeyuki Kan, Satoru Miyauchi
Emerging evidence indicates that cortical midline structures (CMS) (which consist of the orbitomedial prefrontal cortex (OMPFC), dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (DMPFC), anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), and precuneus/posterior cingulate cortex (pC/PCC)) have a critical role in generating a model of the self. These regions also serve as hub regions for the default mode network (DMN) or salience network (SN). Furthermore, regions of the CMS overlap with pain-related regions such as the so-called "pain matrix," suggesting that pain has unique attributes compared to other sensations like vision...
March 2018: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
Satomi Arisaka, Haruna Sukigara, Takashi Osanai
Cyanobacteria are a group of prokaryotic organisms that perform oxygenic photosynthesis using a similar photosynthetic apparatus as is used in higher plants and eukaryotic algae. Cyanobacteria are also known to have a circadian rhythm. Here, we evaluated the effects on photosynthesis caused by the genetic manipulation of RpaA, which is a response regulator of a two-component regulatory system responsible for the signal output from circadian clocks. Using the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, photosynthetic activities and transcript levels of photosystem I and photosystems II in the rpaA-overexpressing strain were measured, and it was found that the parameters, such as Fv /Fm , Fv '/Fm ', qP, and ϕII, obtained from chlorophyll fluorescence analysis were decreased by rpaA overexpression...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Rabea Jesser, Juliane Behler, Christian Benda, Viktoria Reimann, Wolfgang R Hess
Specialized RNA endonucleases are critical for efficient activity of the CRISPR-Cas defense mechanisms against invading DNA or RNA. Cas6-type enzymes are the RNA endonucleases in many type I and type III CRISPR-Cas systems. These enzymes are diverse and critical residues involved in the recognition and cleavage of RNA substrates are not universally conserved. Cas6 endonucleases associated with the CRISPR-Cas subtypes I-A, I-B, I-C, I-E and I-F, as well as III-B have been studied from four archaea and three bacteria thus far...
March 8, 2018: RNA Biology
Vivian M Ussui, Lavinia Goldstein, Enrico Souto, Cynthia Levy
Portal cavernoma colangiopathy (PCC) is an uncommon cause of portal hypertension, and it is an important differential diagnosis of pancreatic malignancy given the expanded network of collateral vessels. On imaging studies, portal cavernoma can be seen as a hypoechoic mass, possibly associated with distal common bile duct obstruction. Most cases occur in non-cirrhotic patients. During the symptomatic phase, these patients carry a high-risk of complications related to sustained biliary obstruction. We report a unique patient with obstructive jaundice and a presumed pancreatic mass that proved to be a portal cavernoma complicated by PCC in the setting of nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Xiangfei Geng, Junhai Xu, Baolin Liu, Yonggang Shi
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a mental disorder characterized by at least 2 weeks of low mood, which is present across most situations. Diagnosis of MDD using rest-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data faces many challenges due to the high dimensionality, small samples, noisy and individual variability. To our best knowledge, no studies aim at classification with effective connectivity and functional connectivity measures between MDD patients and healthy controls. In this study, we performed a data-driving classification analysis using the whole brain connectivity measures which included the functional connectivity from two brain templates and effective connectivity measures created by the default mode network (DMN), dorsal attention network (DAN), frontal-parietal network (FPN), and silence network (SN)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Verna L Hendricks-Ferguson, Irma Ruebling, Darina M Sargeant, Kathleen Kienstra, Kathrin A Eliot, Timothy G Howell, Chris A Sebelski, Karen S Moore, Kathleen Armstrong
Essential for future healthcare professionals (HCPs) to delivering ethical and empathetic patient-centred care (PCC) as a team is the understanding of appropriate shared decision-making (SDM) responses when facilitating discussions with patients and family members. The purpose of this study was to evaluate undergraduate students' perspectives about HCPs' use of SDM as described in a case-study reflection assignment. An exploratory qualitative approach was used to analyse student-reflection assignments. The sample included 42 undergraduate students enrolled in an interprofessional education (IPE) course at a Midwest university based in the United States...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Alice Jara De Porcellinis, Hanne Nørgaard, Laura Maria Furelos Brey, Simon Matthé Erstad, Patrik R Jones, Joshua L Heazlewood, Yumiko Sakuragi
Cyanobacteria fix atmospheric CO2 to biomass and through metabolic engineering can also act as photosynthetic factories for sustainable productions of fuels and chemicals. The Calvin Benson cycle is the primary pathway for CO2 fixation in cyanobacteria, algae and C3 plants. Previous studies have overexpressed the Calvin Benson cycle enzymes, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO) and bifunctional sedoheptulose-1,7-bisphosphatase/fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (hereafter BiBPase), in both plants and algae, although their impacts on cyanobacteria have not yet been rigorously studied...
March 3, 2018: Metabolic Engineering
Travis C Korosh, Andrew Dutcher, Brian F Pfleger, Katherine D McMahon
Sidestreams in wastewater treatment plants can serve as concentrated sources of nutrients (i.e., nitrogen and phosphorus) to support the growth of photosynthetic organisms that ultimately serve as feedstock for production of fuels and chemicals. However, other chemical characteristics of these streams may inhibit growth in unanticipated ways. Here, we evaluated the use of liquid recovered from municipal anaerobic digesters via gravity belt filtration as a nutrient source for growing the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp...
January 2018: MSphere
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"