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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684670/evaluation-of-the-bisap-scoring-system-in-prognostication-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-prospective-observational-study
#1
Sumitra Hagjer, Nitesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Severe acute pancreatitis has a high mortality and its early identification is important for management and risk stratification. The bedside index for severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP) is a simple scoring system done at admission which predicts the severity of pancreatitis. Procalcitonin is an inflammatory marker which is raised very early and helps in early prediction of the severity of disease. This study aims to evaluate the BISAP score and Procalcitonin in prognostication of acute pancreatitis...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684522/microcalcifications-in-breast-cancer-from-pathophysiology-to-diagnosis-and-prognosis
#2
REVIEW
S O'Grady, M P Morgan
The implementation of mammographic screening programmes in many countries has been linked to a marked increase in early detection and improved prognosis for breast cancer patients. Breast tumours can be detected by assessing several features in mammographic images but one of the most common are the presence of small deposits of calcium known as microcalcifications, which in many cases may be the only detectable sign of a breast tumour. In addition to their efficacy in the detection of breast cancer, the presence of microcalcifications within a breast tumour may also convey useful prognostic information...
April 20, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684520/phosphate-toxicity-and-tumorigenesis
#3
REVIEW
Ronald B Brown, Mohammed S Razzaque
In this brief opinion article, we briefly summarized evidence that cellular phosphate burden from phosphate toxicity is a pathophysiological determinant of cancer cell growth. Tumor cells express more phosphate cotransporters and store more inorganic phosphate than normal cells, and dysregulated phosphate homeostasis is associated with the genesis of various human tumors. High dietary phosphate consumption causes the growth of lung and skin tumors in experimental animal models. Experimental studies show that excessive phosphate burden induces growth-promoting cell signaling, stimulates neovascularization, and is associated with chromosome instability and metastasis...
April 20, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684484/characterization-of-long-non-coding-rnas-to-reveal-potential-prognostic-biomarkers-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#4
REVIEW
Yijie Ma, Tong Luo, Dong Dong, Xubo Wu, Yilin Wang
Dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) plays critical roles in a variety of biological processes. Recent studies have documented that lncRNAs can function as potential biomarkers in cancer prognosis, however, little is known in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To identify lncRNA signatures that have prognostic values in HCC, we analyzed lncRNA expression profiles of 364 HCC patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset. A set of four lncRNAs was identified to be significantly associated with the overall survival...
April 20, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684383/prognostic-role-of-haematological-indices-in-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Zaizai Cao, Ziyue Li, Haijie Xiang, Saiyu Huang, Jinjian Gao, Xiang Zhan, Xiuxiu Zhen, Bangliang Li, JianBin Wu, Bobei Chen
BACKGROUND: Complete blood count (CBC) is an important blood test in clinical practice, and it has been recently used to predict the prognosis of patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). Some haematological indices of the CBC test have been reported to be associated with the clinical outcome of SSNHL. However, the prognostic value of these haematological indices in SSNHL is currently under debate. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association between haematological indices of the CBC test and clinical outcomes in patients with SSNHL...
April 20, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684381/serum-chloride-as-a-novel-marker-for-adding-prognostic-information-of-mortality-in-chronic-heart-failure
#6
Yang Zhang, Rui Peng, Xinqiang Li, Jinxing Yu, Xi Chen, Zhou Zhou
BACKGROUND: Serum chloride concentrations have clinical significance in the prognosis of heart failure (HF). Little is known regarding the prognostic value of serum chloride in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This study sought to investigate the prognostic ability of admission serum chloride for long-term mortality in CHF patients. METHODS: We recruited 1021 patients diagnosed with CHF. Participants were followed up for all-cause mortality at 21 ± 9 months to establish the survival models and analyze the association between admission serum chloride concentrations and death risk...
April 20, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684256/reirradiation-of-head-and-neck-cancer-using-modern-highly-conformal-techniques
#7
REVIEW
Jennifer C Ho, Jack Phan
Locoregional disease recurrence or development of a second primary cancer after definitive radiotherapy for head and neck cancers remains a treatment challenge. Reirradiation utilizing traditional techniques has been limited by concern for serious toxicity. With the advent of newer, more precise radiotherapy techniques, such as intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), proton radiotherapy, and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT), there has been renewed interest in curative-intent head and neck reirradiation...
April 23, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684235/implications-of-mutation-profiling-in-myeloid-malignancies-part-1-myelodysplastic-syndromes-and-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#8
REVIEW
Douglas Tremblay, Kelsey Sokol, Sheena Bhalla, Raajit Rampal, John O Mascarenhas
The advent of high-throughput gene sequencing has revolutionized our understanding of the genetic mutations that drive myeloid malignancies. While these mutations are of interest pathobiologically, they are increasingly being recognized as clinically meaningful in providing diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic information to guide patient care. In this first part of our two-part review, we introduce mutation profiling as a relevant clinical tool for hematologists treating patients with myeloid malignancies...
April 15, 2018: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684164/acute-kidney-injury-after-aortic-valve-replacement-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-in-the-usa
#9
Nilay Kumar, Neetika Garg
Background: Randomized trials have consistently shown lower rates of acute kidney injury (AKI) with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) compared with surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Comparative rates of AKI for TAVR versus SAVR, and predictors and prognostic implications of AKI after aortic valve replacement (AVR) have not been well studied in nationally representative real-world data. Objectives: First, to compare rates of AKI and dialysis requiring AKI in TAVR versus SAVR...
April 18, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684152/association-between-proportion-of-nuclei-with-high-chromatin-entropy-and-prognosis-in-gynecological-cancers
#10
Birgitte Nielsen, Andreas Kleppe, Tarjei Sveinsgjerd Hveem, Manohar Pradhan, Rolf Anders Syvertsen, John Arne Nesheim, Gunnar Balle Kristensen, Jone Trovik, David James Kerr, Fritz Albregtsen, Håvard Emil Danielsen
Background: Nuclear texture analysis measuring differences in chromatin structure has provided prognostic biomarkers in several cancers. There is a need for improved cell-by-cell chromatin analysis to detect nuclei with highly disorganized chromatin. The purpose of this study was to develop a method for detecting nuclei with high chromatin entropy and to evaluate the association between the presence of such deviating nuclei and prognosis. Methods: A new texture-based biomarker that characterizes each cancer based on the proportion of high-chromatin entropy nuclei (<25% vs ≥25%) was developed on a discovery set of 175 uterine sarcomas...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684057/serum-galactomannan-antigen-as-a-prognostic-and-diagnostic-marker-for-invasive-aspergillosis-in-heterogeneous-medicine-icu-patient-population
#11
Yubhisha Dabas, Anant Mohan, Immaculata Xess
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to get a complete clinical and mycological picture of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in respiratory medicine ICU of a tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: From the cohort of 235 patients only one had proven IA. Based on AspICU algorithm, 21 had putative IA (8.9%), 12 were colonised (5.1%). RESULTS: Adjusting the confounding factors, significant risk factors for IA were chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), temperature of ≥38°C, pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683968/functional-correlation-between-the-pancreas-and-the-small-intestine-in-humans-the-first-evaluation-using-a-newly-developed-enteroscopy
#12
Daijuro Hayashi, Yoshiki Hirooka, Hiroki Kawashima, Eizaburo Ohno, Takuya Ishikawa, Takamichi Kuwahara, Manabu Kawai, Takeshi Yamamura, Kazuhiro Furukawa, Kohei Funasaka, Masanao Nakamura, Ryoji Miyahara, Osamu Watanabe, Masatoshi Ishigami, Senju Hashimoto, Hidemi Goto
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate a functional correlation between the pancreas and the small intestine and the association of this relationship with nutritional status, using magnifying enteroscopy. METHODS: The subjects were adults aged 20 years or older who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. An endoscope was inserted into the jejunum, and 10% glucose was sprayed under magnifying observation to evaluate changes in blood flow in the villous capillary network...
April 19, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683929/18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-the-evaluation-of-cancer-cervix-where-do-we-stand-today
#13
Shanmuga S Palaniswamy, Chaitanya R Borde, Padma Subramanyam
The incidence of gynecological malignancies is on the rise partly because of the availability of screening programmes, awareness, higher technological advancements, and availability of better medical care. Early diagnosis of any malignancy leads to prompt treatment. Use of 18Fluorine-Fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT in the treatment and follow-up of patients with Ca cervix considerably improves patient management. The primary diagnosis of Ca cervix is made either by biopsy of a visible tumor on the cervix or by a cone biopsy of a nonvisible malignant cervical focus...
April 20, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683884/visit-to-visit-blood-pressure-variation-is-associated-with-outcomes-in-a-u-shaped-fashion-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-complicated-with-systolic-dysfunction-and-or-heart-failure-findings-from-the-ephesus-and-optimaal-trials
#14
João Pedro Ferreira, Kévin Duarte, Bertram Pitt, Kenneth Dickstein, John J V McMurray, Faiez Zannad, Patrick Rossignol
BACKGROUND: Visit-to-visit office blood pressure variation (BPV) has prognostic implications independent from mean BP across several populations in the cardiovascular field. The association of BPV with outcomes in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) with systolic dysfunction and/or heart failure is yet to be determined. METHODS: Two independent cohorts were assessed: the EPHESUS and the OPTIMAAL trials with a total of more than 12 000 patients. The primary outcome was all-cause death...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683881/gastric-type-adenocarcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-magnetic-resonance-imaging-features-clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors
#15
Kye Jin Park, Mi-Hyun Kim, Jeong Kon Kim, Kyoung-Sik Cho
OBJECTIVE: Gastric-type mucinous adenocarcinoma (GAS) of uterine cervix has been suggested as distinct clinicopathologic behavior. Our study aimed to investigate the distinguishing imaging features and clinical outcomes of GAS. METHODS: Fifteen cases of GAS and 45 cases of 3:1 age-matched usual-type endocervical carcinoma (UEA) were assessed. Clinical parameters (age, tumor size, clinical stage, and time to recurrence [TTR] or death) and pathologic results confirmed by surgery were recorded...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683878/a-predictor-of-tumor-recurrence-in-patients-with-endometrial-carcinoma-after-complete-resection-of-the-tumor-the-role-of-pretreatment-apparent-diffusion-coefficient
#16
Ryo Kuwahara, Aki Kido, Shiro Tanaka, Kaoru Abiko, Kyoko Nakao, Yuki Himoto, Naoko Nishio, Yasuhisa Kurata, Masaki Mandai, Kaori Togashi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic and incremental value of pretreatment apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of tumors for the prediction of tumor recurrence after complete resection of the tumor in patients with endometrial cancer. METHODS: This study enrolled 210 patients with stages IA to IIIC endometrial cancer who had undergone complete resection of the tumor and pretreatment magnetic resonance imaging. The minimum and mean ADC values (ADCmin, ADCmean) of tumors and normalized ADC (nADCmin, nADCmean) were calculated from magnetic resonance imaging...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683860/pigmented-deposits-in-the-skin
#17
Angel Fernandez-Flores, Carmen Fachal Bermúdez, Inmaculada Molina, Carles Saus, Carlos Monteagudo, David Cassarino Cassarino
Pigmented deposits can occur in the skin due to many and varied causes. Some of them are systemic conditions accompanied by involvement of internal organs. Others have serious prognostic implications, and early diagnosis can help in the correct and adequate management of the diseases. In addition, some of them are quite innocuous and the correct diagnosis avoids unnecessary treatments. In this article, we review the morphologic features of some of the most common and some of the less usual pigmented deposits in skin other than tattoos...
May 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683859/correlation-with-lymphocyte-infiltration-but-lack-of-prognostic-significance-of-meca-79-positive-high-endothelial-venules-in-primary-malignant-melanoma
#18
Tímea Sebestyén, Anita Mohos, Gabriella Liszkay, Beáta Somlai, István Gaudi, Andrea Ladányi
High endothelial venules (HEVs) are specialized vessels in lymphoid organs, supporting lymphocyte trafficking from the blood. As the presence of these vessels was described recently in tumors, it was proposed that they could facilitate the development of antitumor immune response, resulting in improved prognosis. The aim of our study was to analyze the correlation of the density of HEVs with that of the different immune cell types as well as with the clinicopathologic parameters and the disease outcomes in patients with cutaneous melanoma...
April 20, 2018: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683799/prognostic-significance-of-nodal-location-and-ratio-in-stage-iiic-endometrial-carcinoma-among-a-multi-institutional-academic-collaboration
#19
Jyoti Mayadev, Mohamed A Elshaikh, Alana Christie, Christa Nagel, Vanessa Kennedy, Nadia Khan, Jayanthi Lea, Ahmad Ghanem, David Miller, Xian-Jin Xie, Michael Folkert, Kevin Albuquerque
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Stage IIIC endometrial carcinoma (EC) represents pathologically heterogenous patients with single/multiple pelvic (stage IIIC1) or paraaortic (stage IIIC2) lymph nodes (LNs). There is an increasing trend to offer adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) +/- radiation (RT) uniformly to these patients, regardless of substage. We investigate the prognostic significance of positive LN (pLN) number, ratio (%pLN), location (IIC1 vs. IIC2), and adjuvant treatment on patterns of failure and survival in a large collaborative multi-institutional series...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683788/communication-about-prognosis-with-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-with-cancer-information-needs-prognostic-awareness-and-outcomes-of-disclosure
#20
Jennifer W Mack, Karen M Fasciano, Susan D Block
Purpose Communication about prognosis affects decisions patients and family members make about cancer care, and most patients say they want to know about their chances of cure. We sought to evaluate experiences with prognosis communication among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Patients and Methods We surveyed 203 AYAs with cancer age 15 to 29 years (response rate, 74%) treated at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and their oncologists. Patients were approached within 6 weeks of diagnosis and asked to report on their prognosis communication preferences and experiences, their beliefs about likelihood of cure, and psychosocial outcomes of communication, such as trust (using an item from the Trust in Physician Scale), peace of mind (using select items from the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being Scale), and anxiety and depression (using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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