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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345354/lack-of-functional-selectin-ligand-interactions-enhances-innate-immune-resistance-to-systemic-listeria-monocytogenes-infection
#1
Gerard Agbayani, Komal Gurnani, Ahmed Zafer, Subash Sad, Lakshmi Krishnan
Selectin-ligand interactions are important for leukocyte homing and functionality. The roles of selectin-ligand interactions in modulating immunity to intracellular infections are not completely understood. Mice lacking the expression of fucosyltransferase-IV and -VII (Fucosyltransferase-IV and -VII double knockout, FtDKO) exhibit deficient functionality of selectin-ligand interactions. We addressed the kinetics of infection and immunity to Listeria monocytogenes (LM), an intracellular pathogen, in FtDKO mice...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345286/cyclooxygenase-2-expression-is-induced-by-celecoxib-treatment-in-lung-cancer-cells-and-is-transferred-to-neighbor-cells-via-exosomes
#2
Jayoung Kim, Seung-Woo Hong, Seonghan Kim, Daejin Kim, Dae Young Hur, Dong-Hoon Jin, Bomi Kim, Yeong Seok Kim
Lung cancer is one of most common types of cancer worldwide. Lung cancer results in a death higher rate each year compared to colon, breast and prostate cancer combined. Celecoxib is a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX‑2), an enzyme of which the expression is induced by various stimuli, such as inflammation. In addition, celecoxib triggers COX-2 loading on exosomes. Exosomes are small vesicles composed of a lipid bilayer membrane and are found in most biological fluids, such as blood breast milk and urine...
February 2018: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344645/targeted-disruption-of-adenosine-kinase-in-myeloid-monocyte-cells-increases-osteoclastogenesis-and-bone-resorption-in-mice
#3
Qiuying Ye, Ge Li, Shuhua Liu, Yalun Guan, Yunfeng Li, Jinling Li, Huanhuan Jia, Xuejiao Li, Qingnan Li, Ren Huang, Hui Wang, Yu Zhang
Adenosine kinase (ADK) serves an important role in intracellular adenosine clearance via phosphorylating adenosine to AMP. The role of adenosine and its receptors in the maintenance of bone homeostasis is well studied, particularly in osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption; however, the function of ADK in bone metabolism is still unclear. In the present study, utilizing the cre/floxp recombination system, mice with conditional loss of ADK function in myeloid monocyte cells were used to assess the effect of ADK deficiency on bone metabolism...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343967/indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-activity-increases-nad-production-in-ifn-%C3%AE-stimulated-human-primary-mononuclear-cells
#4
Ross S Grant
IFN-γ activation of mononuclear phagocytes significantly increases indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and flux through the kynurenine pathway (KP). However, the effect of IDO on NAD+ synthesis, the end product of KP metabolism, is unknown. To investigate this, primary human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were cultured up to 10 days and activated with IFN-γ in the presence or absence of a poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor. Day 10 macrophages had significantly higher NAD+ levels compared with monocytes...
2018: International Journal of Tryptophan Research: IJTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334370/scaffolds-that-mimic-antigen-presenting-cells-enable-ex-vivo-expansion-of-primary-t-cells
#5
Alexander S Cheung, David K Y Zhang, Sandeep T Koshy, David J Mooney
Therapeutic ex vivo T-cell expansion is limited by low rates and T-cell products of limited functionality. Here we describe a system that mimics natural antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and consists of a fluid lipid bilayer supported by mesoporous silica micro-rods. The lipid bilayer presents membrane-bound cues for T-cell receptor stimulation and costimulation, while the micro-rods enable sustained release of soluble paracrine cues. Using anti-CD3, anti-CD28, and interleukin-2, we show that the APC-mimetic scaffolds (APC-ms) promote two- to tenfold greater polyclonal expansion of primary mouse and human T cells compared with commercial expansion beads (Dynabeads)...
January 15, 2018: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328525/a-role-of-sialic-acid-containing-glycans-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-mmp-9-in-the-interaction-between-mmp-9-and-staphylococcal-superantigen-like-protein-5-ssl5
#6
Chisato Kurisaka, Teruaki Oku, Saotomo Itoh, Tsutomu Tsuji
The staphylococcal superantigen-like proteins (SSLs) exhibit no superantigenic activity but have recently been considered to act as immune suppressors. It was previously reported that SSL5 bound to P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, leading to inhibition of leukocyte adhesion and invasion. These interactions were suggested to depend on sialic acid-containing glycans of MMP-9, but the roles of sialic acids in the interaction between SSL5 and MMP-9 are still controversial...
January 12, 2018: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324807/vegf-may-contribute-to-macrophage-recruitment-and-m2-polarization-in-the-decidua
#7
Karen C Wheeler, Manoj K Jena, Bhola S Pradhan, Neha Nayak, Subhendu Das, Chaur-Dong Hsu, David S Wheeler, Kang Chen, Nihar R Nayak
It is increasingly evident that cytokines and growth factors produced in the decidua play a pivotal role in the regulation of the local immune microenvironment and the establishment of pregnancy. One of the major growth factors produced in the decidua is vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which acts not only on endothelial cells, but also on multiple other cell types, including macrophages. We sought to determine whether decidua-derived VEGF affects macrophage recruitment and polarization using human endometrial/decidual tissue samples, primary human endometrial stromal cells (ESCs), and the human monocyte cell line THP1...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321320/hiv-1-specific-iga-monoclonal-antibodies-from-an-hiv-1-vaccinee-mediate-galcer-blocking-and-phagocytosis
#8
Saintedym Wills, Kwan-Ki Hwang, Pinghuang Liu, S Moses Dennison, Matthew Zirui Tay, Xiaoying Shen, Justin Pollara, Judith T Lucas, Robert Parks, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Sorachai Nitayapan, Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Rasmi Thomas, Jerome H Kim, Nelson L Michael, Merlin L Robb, Mike McRaven, David C Montefiori, Thomas J Hope, Hua-Xin Liao, M Anthony Moody, Guido Ferrari, Barton F Haynes, S Munir Alam, Mattia Bonsignori, Georgia D Tomaras
Vaccine-elicited humoral immune responses comprise an array of antibody forms and specificities with only a fraction contributing to protective host immunity. Elucidation of antibody effector functions responsible for protective immunity against HIV-1 acquisition is a major goal for the HIV-1 vaccine field. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) is an important part of the host defense against pathogens; however, little is known about the role of vaccine-elicited IgA and their capacity to mediate antiviral functions. To identify the antiviral functions of HIV-1-specific IgA elicited by vaccination, we cloned HIV-1 envelope specific IgA monoclonal antibodies by memory B cell cultures from peripheral blood mononuclear cells from an RV144 vaccinee and produced two IgA clonal cell lines (HG129 and HG130) producing native, non-recombinant IgA monoclonal antibodies (mAbs)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317604/beta-defensin-1-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-and-plasma-kynurenine-in-major-depressive-disorder-metabolomics-informed-genomics
#9
Duan Liu, Balmiki Ray, Drew R Neavin, Jiabin Zhang, Arjun P Athreya, Joanna M Biernacka, William V Bobo, Daniel K Hall-Flavin, Michelle K Skime, Hongjie Zhu, Gregory D Jenkins, Anthony Batzler, Krishna R Kalari, Felix Boakye-Agyeman, Wayne R Matson, Swati S Bhasin, Taisei Mushiroda, Yusuke Nakamura, Michiaki Kubo, Ravishankar K Iyer, Liewei Wang, Mark A Frye, Rima Kaddurah-Daouk, Richard M Weinshilboum
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a heterogeneous disease. Efforts to identify biomarkers for sub-classifying MDD and antidepressant therapy by genome-wide association studies (GWAS) alone have generally yielded disappointing results. We applied a metabolomics-informed genomic research strategy to study the contribution of genetic variation to MDD pathophysiology by assaying 31 metabolites, including compounds from the tryptophan, tyrosine, and purine pathways, in plasma samples from 290 MDD patients. Associations of metabolite concentrations with depressive symptoms were determined, followed by GWAS for selected metabolites and functional validation studies of the genes identified...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316981/host-specific-differences-in-the-response-of-cultured-macrophages-to-campylobacter-jejuni-capsule-and-o-methyl-phosphoramidate-mutants
#10
Sungwon Kim, Andrea Vela, Sara M Clohisey, Spiridoula Athanasiadou, Pete Kaiser, Mark P Stevens, Lonneke Vervelde
Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of bacterial food-borne gastroenteritis worldwide and human infections are frequently associated with handling and consumption of contaminated poultry. The polysaccharide capsule of C. jejuni plays important roles in colonisation of the chicken gut, invasion of epithelial cells and serum resistance and is subject to modification with O-methyl phosphoramidate (MeOPN) in most strains. In this study, the cytokine responses of mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (mBMMs), chicken bone marrow-derived macrophages (chBMMs) and human monocyte-derived macrophages (hMDMs) were measured following infection with C...
January 9, 2018: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313227/apolipoprotein-a-i-stimulates-cell-proliferation-in-bone-marrow-cell-culture
#11
I F Usynin, A N Dudarev, A Yu Gorodetskaya, S M Miroshnichenko, T A Tkachenko, V I Tkachenko
Culturing of bone marrow cells in serum-free RPMI-1640 medium led to a decrease in the rate of DNA biosynthesis. Addition of HDL or their main protein component apolipoprotein A-I to the culture medium dose-dependently increased the rate of [3H]-thymidine incorporation into DNA. The maximum stimulation was achieved at HDL concentration of 80 μg/ml and apolipoprotein A-I concentration of 20 μg/ml. To identify the target-cells of apolipoprotein A-I, we used thymidine analogue 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) that incorporates into cell DNA at the stage of replicative DNA synthesis (S phase) and can be detected by fluorescence microscopy...
January 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311360/myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-mediate-inflammation-resolution-in-humans-and-mice-with-autoimmune-uveoretinitis
#12
Hyun Jeong Jeong, Hyun Ju Lee, Jung Hwa Ko, Bum-Joo Cho, Se Yeon Park, Jong Woo Park, Se Rang Choi, Jang Won Heo, Sun-Ok Yoon, Joo Youn Oh
Resolution of inflammation is an active process that leads to tissue homeostasis and involves multiple cellular and molecular mechanisms. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have recently emerged as important cellular components in the resolution of inflammation because of their activities to suppress T cell activation. In this article, we show that HLA-DR-CD11b+CD33+CD14+ human MDSCs and CD11b+Ly6G-Ly6C+ mouse MDSCs markedly increased in patients and mice during and before the resolution phase of autoimmune uveoretinitis...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309749/patients-with-idiopathic-endplate-inflammation-displayed-aberrant-th17-responses-resulting-in-proinflammatory-monocyte-activation
#13
Jian Wang, Wanju Sun, Allen Bond, Chengpin Xu, Kai Li, Donglin Ren, Xin Song, Fang Tan, Kun Jiao, Mingfei Wang
Endplate inflammation remains a difficult task to diagnose and treat, partly due to the absence of in-depth understanding of the cellular and molecular factors driving this condition. In the current study, we investigated the circulating immune cells in patients with idiopathic endplate inflammation. Compared to healthy controls, the patients with endplate inflammation presented a significant upregulation of Th17 cells, characterized by higher frequencies of circulating IL-17+CD4+ T cells examined directly ex vivo and after PMA and ionomycin (PMA/I) stimulation...
January 5, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307663/gelatin-promotes-cell-aggregation-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-production-in-pma-stimulated-u937-cells-by-augmenting-endocytosis-autophagy-pathway
#14
Ye-Li Zhao, Zhuo-Yu Lu, Xuan Zhang, Wei-Wei Liu, Guo-Dong Yao, Xiao-Ling Liu, Wei Liu, Qing-Jie Wu, Toshihiko Hayashi, Masayuki Yamato, Hitomi Fujisaki, Shunji Hattori, Yuji Atsuzawa, Shin-Ichi Tashiro, Satoshi Onodera, Takashi Ikejima
Gelatin, denatured collagen, temporarily exists in tissues and may well be pathophysiologically involved in tissue remodeling, inflammation or tissue damage. The present study is aimed to investigate possible biological roles of gelatin by examining its effects on monocyte-like histiocytic lymphoma cell line U937. Once stimulated by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), U937 cells differentiate into macrophage-like cells, changing from non-adherent to adherent cells with extended pseudopodia. Here we pre-treated the cell dishes with gelatin solution for cell culture...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306759/il-4-and-serum-amyloid-p-inversely-regulate-fibrocyte-differentiation-by-targeting-store-operated-ca2-channels
#15
Jin-Nan Zhong, Lan Lan, Yi-Fei Chen, Ge Huang, Guang-Zhen He, Jiong Yang, Ya-Dong Gao
BACKGROUND: Circulating fibrocytes (CFs) have been shown to participate in subepithelial fibrosis of asthma with chronic airflow limitation by acting as an important source of fibroblasts deposited beneath airway epithelia. Serum amyloid P (SAP) is an innate inhibitor of fibrocytes differentiation. Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) is the major Ca2+ influx of non-excitable cells. In this study, the role of SOCE in the regulation of fibrocytes differentiation and the effects of Th2 cytokine IL-4 and SAP on SOCE of fibrocytes were investigated...
July 12, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305678/the-role-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-in-a-self-organizing-3d-model-with-regard-to-human-soft-tissue-healing
#16
Martin Oberringer, Monika Bubel, Martina Jennewein, Silke Guthörl, Tamara Morsch, Sophie Bachmann, Wolfgang Metzger, Tim Pohlemann
The clinical phenomenon of inadequate soft tissue healing still remains an important issue. The occurrence of chronic wounds is correlated to the life span, which is still increasing in western countries. Tissue engineering products containing adipose-derived stem cells are discussed as a promising therapeutic approach. Several studies confirmed the value of these cells for soft tissue healing improvement, suggesting a paracrine as well as a direct effect on vessel repair and angiogenesis. In an attempt to figure out specific effects of adipose-derived stem cells on dermal microvascular endothelial cells with respect to the different phases of soft tissue healing, we designed a 3D in vitro model on the basis of spheroids...
January 5, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305668/iloprost-affects-macrophage-activation-and-ccl2-concentrations-in-a-microdialysis-model-in-rats
#17
Kamel Alkhatib, Tina M Poseno, Alda Diaz Perez, Jeannine M Durdik, Julie A Stenken
PURPOSE: The hypothesis that locally-released iloprost, a synthetic prostacyclin analog, affects macrophage phenotype at a microdialysis implant in the subcutaneous space of rats was tested. Macrophage activation towards alternatively-activated phenotypes using pharmaceutical release is of interest to improve integration of implants and direct the foreign body reaction toward a successful outcome. METHODS: Macrophage cell culture was used to test iloprost macrophage activation in vitro...
January 5, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304538/catestatin-prevents-macrophage-driven-atherosclerosis-but-not-arterial-injury-induced-neointimal-hyperplasia
#18
Miho Kojima, Nana Ozawa, Yusaku Mori, Yui Takahashi, Kaho Watanabe-Kominato, Remina Shirai, Rena Watanabe, Kengo Sato, Taka-Aki Matsuyama, Hatsue Ishibashi-Ueda, Shinji Koba, Youichi Kobayashi, Tsutomu Hirano, Takuya Watanabe
Catestatin, a catecholamine-release inhibitory peptide, has multiple cardiovascular activities. Conflicting results have been recently reported by increased or decreased plasma levels of catestatin in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, there have been no previous reports regarding the effects of catestatin on arteriosclerosis. This study evaluated the vasoprotective effects of catestatin on human macrophages, human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro, and aortic atherosclerosis and wire injury-induced femoral artery neointimal hyperplasia in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE-/-) mice fed with a high-cholesterol diet...
January 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298810/highly-angiogenic-non-thrombogenic-bone-marrow-mononuclear-cells-derived-spheroids-in-intraportal-islet-transplantation
#19
Bae Jun Oh, Sang-Man Jin, Yoonha Hwang, Jin Myung Choi, Han-Sin Lee, Gyuri Kim, Geunsoo Kim, Hyo Jun Park, Pilhan Kim, Sung Joo Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim
Highly angiogenic bone marrow mononuclear cells-derived spheroids (BM-spheroids), formed by selective proliferation of the CD31+CD14+CD34+ monocyte subset via 3D culture, had robust angiogenetic capacity in rodent syngeneic renal subcapsular islet transplantation. We wondered whether the efficacy of BM-spheroids could be demonstrated in clinically-relevant intraportal islet transplantation models without increasing the risk of portal thrombosis. The thrombogenic potential of intraportally infused BM-spheroids was compared with that of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and MSC-spheroids...
January 3, 2018: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296846/macrophages-and-osteoclasts-stem-from-a-bipotent-progenitor-downstream-of-a-macrophage-osteoclast-dendritic-cell-progenitor
#20
Yanling Xiao, Jara Palomero, Joanna Grabowska, Liqin Wang, Iris de Rink, Luuk van Helvert, Jannie Borst
Monocytes/macrophages (MΦs), osteoclasts (OCs), and dendritic cells (DCs) are closely related cell types of high clinical significance, but the exact steps in their lineage commitment are unclear. In studies on MΦ and DC development, OC development is generally not addressed. Furthermore, findings on DC development are confusing, because monocytes can also differentiate into DC-like cells. To resolve these issues, we have examined the development of monocytes/MΦs, OCs, and DCs from common progenitors, using the homeostatic driver cytokines macrophage colony-stimulating factor, RANK ligand (L), and Flt3L...
October 24, 2017: Blood Advances
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