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Hsp70 protein expression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642716/effects-of-acute-hypoxia-and-reoxygenation-on-physiological-and-immune-responses-and-redox-balance-of-wuchang-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala-yih-1955
#1
Nan Chen, Meng Wu, Guo-Pan Tang, Hui-Juan Wang, Chun-Xiao Huang, Xin-Jie Wu, Yan He, Bao Zhang, Cui-Hong Huang, Hong Liu, Wei-Min Wang, Huan-Ling Wang
To study Megalobrama amblycephala adaption to water hypoxia, the changes in physiological levels, innate immune responses, redox balance of M.amblycephala during hypoxia were investigated in the present study. When M. amblycephala were exposed to different dissolved oxygen (DO) including control (DO: 5.5 mg/L) and acute hypoxia (DO: 3.5 and 1.0 mg/L, respectively), hemoglobin (Hb), methemoglobin (MetHb), glucose, Na(+), succinatedehydrogenase (SDH), lactate, interferon alpha (IFNα), and lysozyme (LYZ), except hepatic glycogen and albumin gradually increased with the decrease of DO level...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631110/expression-of-hsp27-and-hsp70-and-vacuolization-in-the-pituitary-glands-in-cases-of-fatal-hypothermia
#2
Elke Doberentz, Philipp Markwerth, Rebecca Wagner, Burkhard Madea
Hypothermia causes systemic cellular stress. The pituitary gland is an endocrine gland and plays an important role in thermoregulation. When the core body temperature drops, the pituitary gland is activated by stimulation of hypothalamic hormones. In this study, we investigated morphological alterations of the pituitary gland in cases of fatal hypothermia. Several morphological alterations of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, such as hemorrhage, vacuolization, and hyperemia, have been previously described in fatal hypothermia...
June 19, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630480/pro-invasive-stimuli-and-the-interacting-protein-hsp70-favour-the-route-of-alpha-enolase-to-the-cell-surface
#3
Giovanni Perconti, Cristina Maranto, Daniele P Romancino, Patrizia Rubino, Salvatore Feo, Antonella Bongiovanni, Agata Giallongo
Cell surface expression of alpha-enolase, a glycolytic enzyme displaying moonlighting activities, has been shown to contribute to the motility and invasiveness of cancer cells through the protein non-enzymatic function of binding plasminogen and enhancing plasmin formation. Although a few recent records indicate the involvement of protein partners in the localization of alpha-enolase to the plasma membrane, the cellular mechanisms underlying surface exposure remain largely elusive. Searching for novel interactors and signalling pathways, we used low-metastatic breast cancer cells, a doxorubicin-resistant counterpart and a non-tumourigenic mammary epithelial cell line...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627592/triptolide-exerts-protective-effects-against-fibrosis-following-ileocolonic-anastomosis-by-mechanisms-involving-the-mir-16-1-hsp70-pathway-in-il-10-deficient-mice
#4
Hong-Wei Hou, Jin-Min Wang, Dong Wang, Rong Wu, Zhen-Ling Ji
Surgeries, particularly ileocecal resection (ICR), are often required in the treatment of Crohn's disease (CD). However, recurrences are common for patients who undergo ICR, and anastomotic fibrosis is the main cause of re-operation. The present study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of triptolide (TPL) in ameliorating fibrosis following ileocolonic anastomosis. A model of IL‑10‑/‑ mice undergoing ICR was used to study postsurgical inflammation and fibrosis of anastomosis. For this purpsose, interleukin (IL)‑10‑/‑ mice were randomly divided into 3 groups as follows: the control group, the saline‑treated group subjected to ICR (ST‑ICR) and the TPL‑treated group subjected to ICR (TT‑ICR)...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627344/-protective-effect-of-bag-1l-mediated-by-lentivirus-in-human-neuroblastoma-cells-induced-by-hypoxia
#5
Yun Wang, Qingshu Li, Chao Jia, Chunyu Xie, Yankun Song, Nan Zhang, Yan Qu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effects of lentivirus mediated Bcl-2-associated athanogene 1L (BAG-1L) over-expression on human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) induced by hypoxia/re-oxygenation, and to study its effect on the phosphoinositide 3 kinase serine/threonine protein kinase (PI3K/AKT) pathway. METHODS: SH-SY5Y cells were cultured in vitro, and the cells at logarithmic phase were collected, and they were divided into recombined lentiviral infection group [infected by lentivirus containing BAG-1L and green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene], vector control group (infected by lentivirus containing GFP without BAG-1L gene) and cell control group (non-infection)...
March 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617974/high-expression-of-heat-shock-proteins-and-heat-shock-factor-1-distinguishes-an-aggressive-subset-of-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#6
Pao-Shu Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Chin-Chen Pan
AIMS: Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are a group of molecules induced by a variety of environmental and pathophysiologic stresses, including cancer. HSPs are implicated in the regulation of apoptosis and immunity in neoplasm. Transcription factor heat shock factor1 (HSF1) acts as the master regulator to control HSP expression, and therefore is involved in tumorigenesis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression and clinicopathologic relevance of HSPs and HSF1 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC)...
June 15, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617431/nicotine-protects-rat-hypoglossal-motoneurons-from-excitotoxic-death-via-downregulation-of-connexin-36
#7
Silvia Corsini, Maria Tortora, Rossana Rauti, Andrea Nistri
Motoneuron disease including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis may be due, at an early stage, to deficit in the extracellular clearance of the excitatory transmitter glutamate. A model of glutamate-mediated excitotoxic cell death based on pharmacological inhibition of its uptake was used to investigate how activation of neuronal nicotinic receptors by nicotine may protect motoneurons. Hypoglossal motoneurons (HMs) in neonatal rat brainstem slices were exposed to the glutamate uptake blocker DL-threo-β-benzyloxyaspartate (TBOA) that evoked large Ca(2+) transients time locked among nearby HMs, whose number fell by about 30% 4 h later...
June 15, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609582/mild-heating-and-reduction-of-bladder-spontaneous-contractions
#8
Darryl G Kitney, Rita I Jabr, Bahareh Vahabi, Christopher H Fry
OBJECTIVES: To measure the effect of external heating on bladder wall contractile function, histological structure and expression of proteins related to tissue protection and apoptosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In vitro preparations of bladder wall and ex vivo perfused pig bladders were heated from 37°C to 42, 46 and 50°C for 15 minutes. Isolated preparations were heated by radiant energy and perfused bladders by altering perfusate temperature. Spontaneous contractions or pressure variations were recorded, as well as responses to the muscarinic agonist carbachol or motor nerve excitation in vitro during heating...
June 13, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607619/molecular-mechanisms-underlying-the-pilsicainide-induced-stabilization-of-herg-proteins-in-transfected-mammalian-cells
#9
Takeshi Onohara, Ichiro Hisatome, Yasutaka Kurata, Peili Li, Tomomi Notsu, Kumi Morikawa, Naoyuki Otani, Akio Yoshida, Kazuhiko Iitsuka, Masaru Kato, Junichiro Miake, Haruaki Ninomiya, Katsumi Higaki, Yasuaki Shirayoshi, Takashi Nishihara, Toshiyuki Itoh, Yoshinobu Nakamura, Motonobu Nishimura
BACKGROUND: Pilsicainide, classified as a relatively selective Na(+) channel blocker, also has an inhibitory action on the rapidly-activating delayed-rectifier K(+) current (IKr ) through human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) channels. We studied the effects of chronic exposure to pilsicainide on the expression of wild-type (WT) hERG proteins and WT-hERG channel currents, as well as on the expression of mutant hERG proteins, in a heterologous expression system. METHODS: HEK293 cells stably expressing WT or mutant hERG proteins were subjected to Western blotting, immunofluorescence microscopy and patch-clamp experiments...
June 2017: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606863/transcriptome-analysis-of-the-immune-reaction-of-the-pearl-oyster-pinctada-fucata-to-xenograft-from-pinctada-maxima
#10
Jinfen Wei, Sigang Fan, Baosuo Liu, Bo Zhang, Jiaqi Su, Dahui Yu
The pearl oyster Pinctada maxima exhibits great difficulty to culture pearls through nuclear insertion with an allograft, but it is easy for P. fucata to culture pearls after allografting. If P. fucata could be used as a surrogate mother to culture P. maxima pearls, it would benefit the pearl culture industry of P. maxima. However, this is blocked by the immune rejection of P. fucata against P. maxima mantle grafts. In this study, the immune responses of P. fucata hemocyte to allograft and xenograft were investigated after transplantation by transcriptome analysis...
June 9, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602401/fusarium-infection-causes-genotoxic-disorders-and-antioxidant-based-damages-in-orobanche-spp
#11
Mehmet Aybeke
This study aims to evaluate the toxic effects of Fusarium oxysporum on root parasitic weed, Orobanche spp. Comparative genetic and gene expression studies were conducted on uninfected and fungus-infected orobanches. In genetic studies, isolated total DNA was amplified by RAPD PCR. Fragment properties were analysed by GTS test. According to the results, the fragment properties of control and Fusarium infected (experimental) groups varied widely; and it has been observed that Fusarium has genotoxic effects on the DNA of orobanches...
August 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600193/functional-and-molecular-responses-of-the-blue-mussel-mytilus-edulis-hemocytes-exposed-to-cadmium-an-in-vitro-model-and-transcriptomic-approach
#12
Philippine Granger Joly de Boissel, Michel Fournier, Juan Carlos Rodriguez-Lecompte, Patty McKenna, Frederick Kibenge, Ahmed Siah
The bivalve mollusk, Mytilus edulis, is used as a sentinel species in several monitoring programs due to its ability to bio-accumulate contaminants. Its immune system consists of hemocytes and humoral components, which constitute the main part of the hemolymph. The present study is aimed at understanding the effects of Cd on the differentially expressed genes involved in the phagocytosis of M. edulis' hemocytes. Our approach focuses on an in vitro model by exposing hemocytes to different concentrations of Cd ranging from 10(-9) M to 10(-3) M...
June 6, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600176/molecular-characterization-and-expression-analysis-of-heat-shock-protein-70-and-90-from-hermetia-illucens-reared-in-a-food-waste-bioconversion-pilot-plant
#13
Alessia Giannetto, Sabrina Oliva, Lorenzo Mazza, Giovanni Mondello, Domenico Savastano, Angela Mauceri, Salvatore Fasulo
Two full-length cDNAs of heat shock protein (HSP) genes (Hihsp70 and Hihsp90) were cloned from the black soldier fly (BSF) Hermetia illucens larvae reared in a food waste bioconversion pilot plant. The Hihsp70 and Hihsp90 transcripts were 2243 and 2507bp long, contained 1923 and 2166bp open reading frames encoding proteins of 640 and 721 amino acids with a molecular mass of 69.8 and 83kDa, respectively. Comparative analysis of protein sequences revealed the presence of the conserved HSP motifs in both proteins, showing high homology to their counterparts in other insect species from six different orders...
June 6, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599417/overexpression-of-the-anti-apoptotic-protein-bag3-in-human-choroidal-melanoma-a-case-report
#14
Tatsuya Yunoki, Yoshiaki Tabuchi, Takashi Kondo, Yoko Ishii, Atsushi Hayashi
Bcl-2-associated athanogene 3 (BAG3), a co-chaperone of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), exerts anti-apoptotic effects in various malignant tumors. However, relationships between choroidal melanoma and BAG3 are poorly studied. This study investigated the expression of BAG3 in a case of human choroidal melanoma. Funduscopy, computed tomography, and single-photon emission computed tomography with the intravenous injection of N-isopropyl-p-[(123)I] iodoamphetamine strongly indicated choroidal melanoma in a 68-year-old woman...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597544/endoplasmic-reticulum-proteins-sdf2-and-sdf2l1-act-as-components-of-the-bip-chaperone-cycle-to-prevent-protein-aggregation
#15
Tsutomu Fujimori, Ryoji Suno, Shun-Ichiro Iemura, Tohru Natsume, Ikuo Wada, Nobuko Hosokawa
The folding of newly synthesized proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is assisted by ER-resident chaperone proteins. BiP (immunoglobulin heavy-chain-binding protein), a member of the HSP70 family, plays a central role in protein quality control. The chaperone function of BiP is regulated by its intrinsic ATPase activity, which is stimulated by ER-resident proteins of the HSP40/DnaJ family, including ERdj3. Here, we report that two closely related proteins, SDF2 and SDF2L1, regulate the BiP chaperone cycle...
June 9, 2017: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593150/the-antitumor-effect-of-c-terminus-of-hsp70-interacting-protein-via-degradation-of-c-met-in-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Sung Ho Cho, Jong In Kim, Hyun Su Kim, Sung Dal Park, Kang Won Jang
BACKGROUND: The mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor (MET) receptor can be overexpressed in solid tumors, including small cell lung cancer (SCLC). However, the molecular mechanism regulating MET stability and turnover in SCLC remains undefined. One potential mechanism of MET regulation involves the C-terminus of Hsp70-interacting protein (CHIP), which targets heat shock protein 90-interacting proteins for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. In the present study, we investigated the functional effects of CHIP expression on MET regulation and the control of SCLC cell apoptosis and invasion...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592492/heterogeneous-nuclear-ribonucleoprotein-k-inhibits-heat-shock-induced-transcriptional-activity-of-heat-shock-factor-1
#17
Hee-Jung Kim, Jae-Jin Lee, Jin-Hwan Cho, Jaeho Jeong, A Young Park, Wonmo Kang, Kong-Joo Lee
When cells are exposed to heat shock and various other stresses, heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) is activated and the heat shock response (HSR) is elicited. To better understand the molecular regulation of the HSR, we used 2D-PAGE based proteome analysis to screen for heat shock-induced posttranslationally modified cellular proteins. Our analysis revealed that two protein spots typically present on 2D-PAGE gels and containing heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNP K) with trioxidized Cys132 disappeared after the heat shock treatment and reappeared during recovery, but the total amount of hnRNP K protein remained unchanged...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582729/the-role-of-nrf1-and-nrf2-in-the-regulation-of-glutathione-and-redox-dynamics-in-the-developing-zebrafish-embryo
#18
Karilyn E Sant, Jason M Hansen, Larissa M Williams, Nancy L Tran, Jared V Goldstone, John J Stegeman, Mark E Hahn, Alicia Timme-Laragy
Redox signaling is important for embryogenesis, guiding pathways that govern processes crucial for embryo patterning, including cell polarization, proliferation, and apoptosis. Exposure to pro-oxidants during this period can be deleterious, resulting in altered physiology, teratogenesis, later-life diseases, or lethality. We previously reported that the glutathione antioxidant defense system becomes increasingly robust, including a doubling of total glutathione and dynamic shifts in the glutathione redox potential at specific stages during embryonic development in the zebrafish, Danio rerio...
May 30, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569777/the-novel-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-inhibitor-idf-11774-regulates-cancer-metabolism-thereby-suppressing-tumor-growth
#19
Hyun Seung Ban, Bo-Kyung Kim, Hongsub Lee, Hwan Mook Kim, Dipesh Harmalkar, Miso Nam, Song-Kyu Park, Kiho Lee, Joon-Tae Park, Inhyub Kim, Kyeong Lee, Geum-Sook Hwang, Misun Won
HIF-1 is associated with poor prognoses and therapeutic resistance in cancer patients. We previously developed a novel hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 inhibitor, IDF-11774, a clinical candidate for cancer therapy. We also reported that IDF-1174 inhibited HSP70 chaperone activity and suppressed accumulation of HIF-1α. In this study, IDF-11774 inhibited the accumulation of HIF-1α in vitro and in vivo in colorectal carcinoma HCT116 cells under hypoxic conditions. Moreover, IDF-11774 treatment suppressed angiogenesis of cancer cells by reducing the expression of HIF-1 target genes, reduced glucose uptake, thereby sensitizing cells to growth under low glucose conditions, and decreased the extracellular acidification rate (ECAR) and oxygen consumption rate of cancer cells...
June 1, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567683/the-biological-response-chain-to-pollution-a-case-study-from-the-italian-triangle-of-death-assessed-with-the-liverwort-lunularia-cruciata
#20
Adriana Basile, Stefano Loppi, Marina Piscopo, Luca Paoli, Andrea Vannini, Fabrizio Monaci, Sergio Sorbo, Marco Lentini, Sergio Esposito
The liverwort Lunularia cruciata, known for being a species tolerant to pollution able to colonize urban areas, was collected in the town of Acerra (South Italy) to investigate the biological effects of air pollution in one of the three vertices of the so-called Italian Triangle of Death. The ultrastructural damages observed by transmission electron microscopy in specimens collected in Acerra were compared with samples collected in the city center of Naples and in a small rural site far from sources of air pollution (Riccia, Molise, Southern Italy)...
May 31, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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