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Stabilometric studies

E A Plishkina, B N Bein
AIM: To study the process of recovery of postural function during stabilometric training with biofeedback (BFB) in patients with ischemic carotid stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-two patients underwent 10-day stabilometric training from the onset of stroke. Clinical and stabilometric parameters were assessed at 4 points: at baseline, after 5 sessions, after 10 sessions and after 3-4 months in the early recovery stage after discharge from the hospital. RESULTS: There was no correlation between the positive regress of neurologic symptoms and trends of stabilometry indicators...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Iro Fragkaki, John Stins, Karin Roelofs, Ruud A Jongedijk, Muriel A Hagenaars
BACKGROUND: Tonic immobility (TI) is a state of physical immobility associated with extreme stress and the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it is unknown whether TI is associated with a distinct actual stress response, i.e., objective immobility measured by a stabilometric platform. This study made a first step in exploring this as well as differences in body sway responses between PTSD patients and healthy controls. We hypothesized that PTSD would be related to increased body sway under stress, whereas TI would be related to decreased body sway under stress...
November 2016: Brain and Behavior
Giacomo Placella, Matteo Bartoli, Marco Peruzzi, Andrea Speziali, Valerio Pace, Giuliano Cerulli
OBJECTIVE: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are common injuries in adolescent athletes, especially in those who bear high stress on their knees due to shearing forces. The goal of the surgical procedures in skeletally immature patients is to restore joint stability avoiding the adverse effects on the growth process. The aim of this study was to verify the return of the skeletally immature professional athletes to sports in the long-term, following ACL reconstruction with the original all-inside technique and with manual drilling...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Joséphine Métréau, Frédéric Brogniart, Claude Grandjean, Bertrand Morineaux
OBJECTIVE: Postural balance is ensured by the involvement of several coping strategies. There is however an alteration of the proprioceptive system with chronic low back pain patients making it vulnerable to any type of disruptive force (endogenous and exogenous) and physiologically compensated by the postural system. The aim of this study is to measure the postural changes during a functional restoration protocol. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Were included in this study, 8 chronic low back pain patients, seen in consultation before being included in the rehabilitative care unit of the Bourbonne-les-Bains Hospital as part of a functional restoration protocol for 5-6 weeks...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
David Gasq, Morgane Lainard, Laure Kaluza, Philippe Dupui, David Amarantini
OBJECTIVE: When subjects present medically unexplained postural instability, a voluntary overcontrol of postural sway is often suspected. Aphysiologic postural imbalance may be detected in dynamic conditions on a servo-controlled platform (Equitest), but it remains difficult to objectify from static stabilometric evaluation. Our objective was to identify the key stabilometric parameters that allow to discriminate subjects with voluntary postural instability, control subjects and neurological patients with organic postural instability...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Clément Provost, Giulia Piccinini, Sophie Tasseel-Ponche, Pierre Lozeron, Bertrand Arnulf, Alain Yelnik
OBJECTIVE: As proposed after stroke, the study of reactions to a sensory stimulation allows to a better understanding of postural strategies. Below, we provide the analysis in chronic acquired demyelinating polyneuropathies (CADP). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective study of 25 healthy subjects (57±12years, 8M, 17F) and 25 CADP (66±14years, 20M, 5F) on stabilometric platform (Techno-Concept(®), France). Proprioception was disturbed by tendon vibration on Triceps Surae (TS) and Tibialis Anterior (TA)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Nathalie Ribeiro Artigas, Giovana Duarte Eltz, Alexandre Severo do Pinho, Vanessa Bielefeldt Leotti Torman, Arlete Hilbig, Carlos R M Rieder
Background. Changes in proprioception may contribute to postural instability in individuals with neurological disorders. Objectives. Evaluate proprioception in the lower limbs of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and the association between proprioception and cognitive ability, motor symptoms, postural instability, and disease severity. Methods. This is a cross-sectional, controlled study that evaluated proprioception in PD patients and healthy age- and sex-matched individuals. Kinetic postural proprioception of the knee was evaluated using an isokinetic dynamometer (Biodex® Multi-Joint System 4 Pro)...
2016: Neuroscience Journal
Renata da Costa Barbosa, Marcus Fraga Vieira
This study analyzed the postural control of older adults on inclined surfaces, and was conducted in 17 elderly adults and 18 young adults of both genders. Ground reaction forces and moments were collected using two AMTI force platforms, one of which was in a horizontal position (HOR), while the other was inclined 14° in relation to the horizontal plane. Each participant executed three 70 s-trials of bipedal standing with their eyes open and eyes closed in three inclination conditions: the HOR, the inclined position at ankle dorsi-flexion (UP), and the inclined position at ankle plantar-flexion (DOWN)...
August 25, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Stefano Tozza, Maria Gabriella Aceto, Chiara Pisciotta, Dario Bruzzese, Rosa Iodice, Lucio Santoro, Fiore Manganelli
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of somatosensory impairment, distal muscle weakness and foot deformities on the balance in 21 CMT1A patients using a baropodometric platform. Stabilometric analysis by measuring sway area and velocity of a centre of pressure (CoP) both at open and closed eyes were used to assess postural imbalance. Static analysis, by measuring the load and the plantar surface of forefoot, midfoot and hindfoot was used to define the footprint shape and to assess as a whole foot deformities...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
Michał Murawa, Lechosław B Dworak, Jarosław Kabaciński, Małgorzata Syczewska, Agata Rzepnicka
PURPOSE: Patient recovery after a surgical procedure depends, among other factors, on the amount of the body weight with which patient loads lower limb. Research studies report different results of the degree of body weight with which lower limb is loaded during three-point crutch gait. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of the ground reaction forces (GRF) during crutch gait used by patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA) in the first week after discharge from the orthopaedic units...
2016: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Agnieszka Nawrocka, Arkadiusz Mynarski, Aneta Powerska, Michal Rozpara, WiesLaw Garbaciak
BACKGROUND: Although the growing popularity of pole dance as a leisure-time activity of people of all ages, the problem of physical effects of exercise on the pole is not considered in the scientific literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the hand grip strength, body composition and postural stability of fitness pole dancers with different training experience. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were met by 52 female pole dancers. The research program included assessment of body composition (using BC-418 Segmental Body Composition Analyzer Tanita), hand grip strength by hydraulic dynamometer JAMAR, and postural stability using ALFA stabilometric platform...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
A Anguera, J M Barreiro, J A Lara, D Lizcano
One of the major challenges in the medical domain today is how to exploit the huge amount of data that this field generates. To do this, approaches are required that are capable of discovering knowledge that is useful for decision making in the medical field. Time series are data types that are common in the medical domain and require specialized analysis techniques and tools, especially if the information of interest to specialists is concentrated within particular time series regions, known as events. This research followed the steps specified by the so-called knowledge discovery in databases (KDD) process to discover knowledge from medical time series derived from stabilometric (396 series) and electroencephalographic (200) patient electronic health records (EHR)...
2016: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
S Van Driessche, F Billuart, L Martinez, H Brunel, P Guiffault, J Beldame, J Matsoukis
INTRODUCTION: There is renewed interest in total hip arthroplasty (THA) with the development of minimally invasive approaches. The anterior and Röttinger approaches are attractive for their anatomical and minimally invasive character, but with no comparative studies in the literature definitely suggesting superiority in terms of quality of functional recovery. We therefore performed a case-control study, assessing: 1) whether the postural parameters of patients operated on with the anterior, Röttinger and posterior minimally invasive approaches were similar to those of asymptomatic subjects, and 2) whether there were any differences in postural parameters between the three approaches at short-term follow-up...
October 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Costanza Pazzaglia, F Camerota, M Germanotta, E Di Sipio, C Celletti, L Padua
Patients affected by Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease experience an impaired balance. Although the causes of the postural instability are not fully understood, somatosensory system seems to play a key role. Mechanical vibration seems to act on the somatosensory system and to improve its function. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of focal mechanical vibration (fMV) on the balance of CMT 1A patients. We enrolled 14 genetically confirmed CMT 1A patients (8 female and 6 male, mean age 492 years, range 32-74, mean duration of disease: 13 years, range 1-30)...
July 2016: Journal of Neurology
Michelangelo Morrone, Sandra Miccinilli, Marco Bravi, Teresa Paolucci, Jean M Melgari, Gaetano Salomone, Alessandro Picelli, Ennio Spadini, Alberto Ranavolo, Vincenzo M Saraceni, Vincenzo DI Lazzaro, Silvia Sterzi
BACKGROUND: Recent studies aimed to evaluate the potential effects of perceptive rehabilitation in Parkinson Disease reporting promising preliminary results for postural balance and pain symptoms. To date, no randomized controlled trial was carried out to compare the effects of perceptive rehabilitation and conventional treatment in patients with Parkinson Disease. AIM: To evaluate whether a perceptive rehabilitation treatment could be more effective than a conventional physical therapy program in improving postural control and gait pattern in patients with Parkinson Disease...
December 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Giuseppe Marcolin, Alessandro Grainer, Carlo Reggiani, Patrizia Bisiacchi, Giorgia Cona, Nicola Petrone, Antonio Paoli
The study aimed to investigate the effect of fatigue on static and dynamic postural stability after completing a mountain ultra-marathon. Twelve male athletes participated in the study. Postural stability was assessed before and immediately after the race. Static postural stability was evaluated on a dynamometric platform with eyes opened (OE) and closed (CE). Dynamic postural stability was assessed with OE on an instrumented plate which allowed medio-lateral oscillations. Stabilometric data were affected by fatigue in the OE condition, concerning sway path velocity (p = 0...
2016: PloS One
Anna Dickmann, Enrica Di Sipio, Chiara Simbolotti, Antonio Agresta, Marco Germanotta, Costanza Tredici, Sergio Petroni, Luca Padua, Irene Aprile
Few studies have investigated the relationship between strabismus and balance, and those that do exist focused on patients within a limited age range, while no studies on possible age-related changes have yet been conducted. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate whether the balance strategies adopted by patients with congenital or early onset strabismus change with age. Forty strabismic patients and 36 healthy subjects were enrolled in the study. Both patients and healthy subjects were divided into three subgroups according to age (children, adolescents, and adults) and underwent a stabilometric evaluation...
June 3, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Loïc Treffel, Liubov Dmitrieva, Guillemette Gauquelin-Koch, Marc-Antoine Custaud, Stéphane Blanc, Claude Gharib, Catherine Millet
The objective of the study was to determine the influence of simulated microgravity by exposure to dry immersion on the craniomandibular system. Twelve healthy male volunteers participated in a 3-day dry immersion study. Before and immediately after exposure we measured maximal bite force using piezoresistive sensors. The mechanical properties of the jaw and cervical muscles were evaluated before, during, and after dry immersion using MyotonPRO. Because recent studies reported the effects of jaw motor activity on the postural stability of humans, stabilometric measurements of center of pressure were performed before and after dry immersion in two mandibular positions: rest position without jaw clenching, and intercuspidal position during voluntary teeth clenching...
2016: PloS One
Piotr Kocur, Marzena Wiernicka, Maciej Wilski, Ewa Kaminska, Lech Furmaniuk, Marta Flis Maslowska, Jacek Lewandowski
[Purpose] To assess the effect of 12-weeks Nordic walking training on gait parameters and some elements of postural control. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty-seven women aged 65 to 74 years were enrolled in this study. The subjects were divided into a Nordic Walking group (12 weeks of Nordic walking training, 3 times a week for 75 minutes) and a control group. In both study groups, a set of functional tests were conducted at the beginning and at the end of the study: the Forward Reach Test (FRT) and the Upward Reach Test (URT) on a stabilometric platform, and the analysis of gait parameters on a treadmill...
December 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Antonino Patti, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Paoli, Giuseppe Messina, Maria Alessandra Montalto, Marianna Bellafiore, Giuseppe Battaglia, Angelo Iovane, Antonio Palma
Various exercise interventions, such as Pilates exercises and traditional physical therapy methods, are employed to decrease low back pain (LBP). Nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP) is distinct from LBP, however, as the distribution of pain is restricted to the region between the costal margin and the inferior gluteal. The aim of our randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects of a program of Pilates exercises on pain perception and stabilometric parameters in patients with NSLBP.Thirty-eight participants were randomly allocated, using a 1:1 scheme, to either the experimental group (EG) or control group (CG)...
January 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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