keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mandibular Disorders

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071618/clinico-pathological-factors-affecting-lymph-node-yield-in-indian-patients-with-locally-advanced-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-mandibular-gingivo-buccal-sulcus
#1
S S Muttagi, B R Patil, A S Godhi, D K Arora, S R Hallikerimath, A D Kale
AIM: Lymph node yield (LNY) is a valid marker of prognosis in oral cancer. Precise estimation of LNY in Indian patients with T3/T4 gingivobuccal sulcus squamous cell carcinoma (GBS-SCC) has not been well documented. Hence, the primary objective of the study was to determine the LNY in patients with T3/T4 SCC of mandibular GBS, and the secondary objective was to study the association of LNY with clinicopathological factors such as tumor thickness, histological differentiation, number of positive nodes, and extracapsular spread (ECS)...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039008/risk-factors-for-severe-complications-of-operative-mandibular-fractures
#2
Brian J Christensen, Donald E Mercante, John P Neary, Brett J King
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to identify the risk factors for major complications developing during the operative treatment of mandibular fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective medical record review of patients who had undergone open reduction, internal fixation of mandibular fractures from August 1, 2012 to December 31, 2014 at a large, urban teaching hospital and level 1 trauma center. The outcome variable of interest was major complications, defined as the occurrence of any one of the following events: hospital readmission, return to the operating room, and a prolonged, unexpected postoperative stay...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005732/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-clinicophysiologic-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-of-the-temporomandibular-disorder-patients
#3
Salih Onur Basat, Mehmet Surmeli, Oguzhan Demirel, Fatih Ceran, Funda Akoz Saydam, Karaca Basaran
Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJDs) are a complex group of disorders that comprise dysfunctions of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). In this study, we analyzed the objective and subjective findings of the TMJD patients by using Helkimo anamnesis (Ai) and clinical dysfunction (Di) indices, and tried to document a relation between these findings and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results.Ninety-eight patients who were admitted to our clinic were included in the study. The clinical evaluation was performed by using Ai, an 8-question-survey based on the objective symptoms of patients; Di, concluded as the score of 5 objective measurements of physical examination...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995120/tonsillectomy-as-prevention-and-treatment-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-report-of-23-cases
#4
Jae-Man Woo, Jin-Young Choi
BACKGROUND: The paradigm of tonsillectomy has shifted from a treatment of recurrent throat infection to one of multi-discipline management modalities of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). While tonsillectomy as a treatment for throat problems has been performed almost exclusively by otorhinolaryngologists, tonsillectomy as a part of the armamentarium for the multifactorial, multidisciplinary therapy of sleep-disordered breathing needs a new introduction to those involved in treating SDB patients...
December 2016: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987512/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-diffuse-tenosynovial-giant-cell-tumor-arising-from-temporomandibular-joints
#5
J H Meng, Y X Guo, H Y Luo, C B Guo, X C Ma
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze the clinical features, treatment and prognosis to the diffuse tenosynovial giant cell tumor (D-TSGCT) arising from the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and to give a reference for the early diagnosis and treatment of this disease. METHODS: In this study, 15 patients finally diagnosed as D-TSGCT of TMJ histopathologically at the Peking University Hospital of Stomatology from October 2003 to August 2015 were selected and reviewed...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982168/managing-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-children-the-role-of-craniofacial-morphology
#6
Maria Fernanda Rabelo Bozzini, Renata Cantisani Di Francesco
Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome is a type of sleep-disordered breathing that affects 1 to 5% of all children. Pharyngeal and palatine tonsil hypertrophy is the main predisposing factor. Various abnormalities are predisposing factors for obstructive sleep apnoea, such as decreased mandibular and maxillary lengths, skeletal retrusion, increased lower facial height and, consequently, increased total anterior facial height, a larger cranio-cervical angle, small posterior airway space and an inferiorly positioned hyoid bone...
November 1, 2016: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973713/subjects-with-temporomandibular-joint-disk-displacement-do-not-feature-any-peculiar-changes-in-body-posture
#7
T Rocha, M A Castro, L Guarda-Nardini, D Manfredini
BACKGROUND: The presence of body posture changes among patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) has been a controversial topic in dentistry. Based on that, the aim of this study was to assess postural features of pain-free subjects with internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), viz., disk displacement, when compared to subjects with normal disk position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 21 subjects with unilateral, pain-free TMJ disk displacement (DD) and 21 subjects without any TMD signs of symptoms were assessed for body posture changes by means of posturographic evaluation of several body segments and postural balance reactions through the center of mass during jaw movements using a balance platform...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965506/a-clinicopathologic-study-of-oral-changes-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-gastritis-and-ulcerative-colitis
#8
E Vinesh, Kmk Masthan, M Sathish Kumar, S Marytresa Jeyapriya, Aravindha Babu, Meera Thinakaran
OBJECTIVES: The aim and objectives of this study are to identify oral changes in certain gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, namely gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), ulcerative colitis, gastritis, and to evaluate these oral symptoms as indicators for assessing GI disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the oral manifestations of various GI disorders were assessed in a varying age group of 250 patients in Government Stanley Medical College and Hospital, Chennai...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957273/electromyographic-biofeedback-training-for-reducing-muscle-pain-and-tension-on-masseter-and-temporal-muscles-a-pilot-study
#9
Laura Criado, Antonio de La Fuente, Margarita Heredia, Javier Montero, Alberto Albaladejo, José-María Criado
BACKGROUND: Due to the absence of agreement about an effective unified treatment for temporomandibular disorders, non-invasive therapies such as EMG-biofeedback generate a greater interest. Furthermore, most studies to the present show methodological deficiencies that must be solved in the future, which makes important to emphasize this line of studies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen patients were selected for this case series study, and replied to a questionnaire concerning awareness of bruxism, painful muscles, and muscle tension...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941554/genetic-etiology-in-nonsyndromic-mandibular-prognathism
#10
Hanghang Liu, Chenzhou Wu, Jie Lin, Jun Shao, Qianming Chen, En Luo
Mandibular prognathism (MP) is considered to be a cranial-facial disorder resulting from the interaction between genes and environment. Recent studies have demonstrated that susceptible chromosomal regions and candidate genes may be responsible for MP. In this study, the authors present current views on the effect of genetic components in nonsystematic mandibular prognathism, in order to clarify the genetic etiology of MP. Data source were Electronic databases, manual searching, and reference lists checking, up to April 2016...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932405/dentoskeletal-effects-of-oral-appliance-wear-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-snoring-patients
#11
Giulio Alessandri-Bonetti, Vincenzo D'Antò, Chiara Stipa, Roberto Rongo, Serena Incerti-Parenti, Ambrosina Michelotti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the dentoskeletal changes associated with long-term and continuous mandibular advancement device (MAD) use in sleep-related breathing disorder patients. METHODS: Cephalometric measurements and three-dimensional model analysis were performed at baseline and after 3.5 ± 1.1 years in 20 snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea patients treated with the Silensor® appliance. Intra-group differences were compared using paired t-test or Wilcoxon signed-rank test...
December 8, 2016: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908672/forensic-age-estimation-in-anti-piracy-trials-in-seychelles-experiences-and-challenges-faced
#12
S A Gunawardena, U A Liyanage, J B Weeratna, N D N A Mendis, H J M Perera, R W Jayasekara, R Fernando
Forensic age estimation (FAE) was conducted using a multifactorial method on thirteen Somali detainees claiming juvenile status during the anti-piracy trials of the Seychelles Supreme Court in 2014/2015. A multidisciplinary team, comprising of four of the authors covering specialties in forensic medicine, forensic odontology and radiology, conducted the FAE using a five-stage protocol. Each detainee was interviewed with an interpreter and examined for disorders affecting dental/skeletal development and for assessment of genital development through Tanner staging...
November 14, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908573/does-the-age-of-a-patient-affect-the-outcome-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthroscopic-surgery
#13
Jungsuk Cho, Howard Israel
PURPOSE: Although temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders encompass all age groups, it is generally considered to affect young to middle-age adults. The aim of this investigation was to study patients who met the criteria for TMJ arthroscopy and to determine whether there was a difference in outcomes between younger and older patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent TMJ operative arthroscopy. The primary variable studied was patient age...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903449/sex-differences-in-the-estrogen-dependent-regulation-of-temporomandibular-joint-remodeling-in-altered-loading
#14
J L Robinson, K Cass, R Aronson, T Choi, M Xu, R Buttenbaum, H Drissi, H H Lu, J Chen, S Wadhwa
OBJECTIVE: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) diseases predominantly afflict women, suggesting a role of estrogen in the disease etiology. Previously, we determined that decreased occlusal loading (DOL) inhibited collagen type II (Col2) expression in the mandibular condylar cartilage (MCC) of female wild-type (WT) mice whereas no change was observed in males. This decrease in chondrogenesis was abolished by estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) deficiency in females. Therefore, the goal of this study was to examine the role of estradiol - ERβ signaling in mediating DOL effects in male mice to further decipher sex differences...
November 27, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867065/condylar-resorptions-and-orthodontic-surgical-treatment-state-of-the-art
#15
Joël Ferri, Romain Nicot, Jean-Michel Maes, Gwénael Raoul, Ludovic Lauwers
Resorption of the mandibular condyle [RMC] is a disease of the temporomandibular joints, with multifactorial origins. The clinical manifestations take the form essentially of joint pain and occlusal disorders, depending on the rate at which the condyle is affected. X-ray imaging shows that the condyle is reduced in volume, flattened and displaced backwards, with loss of cortical substance in advanced forms. The aim of this article is to recall some pathophysiological features and then to review all the diagnostic and etiological factors and discuss possible modes of management...
December 2016: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855674/disk-displacement-eccentric-condylar-position-osteoarthrosis-misnomers-for-variations-of-normality-results-and-interpretations-from-an-mri-study-in-two-age-cohorts
#16
Jens C Türp, Anna Schlenker, Johannes Schröder, Marco Essig, Marc Schmitter
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision-making and prognostic statements in individuals with manifest or suspected temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) may involve assessment of (a) the position of articular disc relative to the mandibular condyle, (b) the location of the condyle relative to the temporal joint surfaces, and (c) the depth of the glenoid fossa of the temporomandibular joints (TMJs). The aim of this study was twofold: (1) Determination of the prevalence of these variables in two representative population-based birth cohorts...
November 17, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849244/influence-of-generalized-joint-hypermobility-on-temporomandibular-joint-and-dental-occlusion-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Lais Chiodelli, Andrielle de Bitencourt Pacheco, Taiane Secretti Missau, Ana Maria Toniolo da Silva, Eliane Castilhos Rodrigues Corrêa
Purpose: To evaluate the dental occlusion and temporomandibular joint in women with and without generalized joint hypermobility. Methods: Generalized joint hypermobility was assessed by the Beighton score. Individuals were divided into two groups: with and without hypermobility. The Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders was used to evaluate the temporomandibular joint. Dental occlusion was assessed according to Angle classification, overjet and overbite measures, presence of open bite or crossbite, pattern of disocclusion, and occlusal interference...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836445/-masticatory-system-and-maxillofacial-prosthesis-from-pathology-to-function-recovering
#18
S Vo Quang, J Dichamp
Maxillofacial prosthesis (MFP) can be defined as the art and science of esthetic and functional reconstruction of the facial bones, art because it uses hand-crafted and empirical rules, science because of its technical rigorism and its integration in medicine. MFP aims to multidisciplinary rehabilitate patients presenting with cutaneous and underlying structures defects, It also allows for functional speech and swallowing rehabilitation related to temporo-mandibular joint disorders. Whatever the origin, (traumatic, infectious ortumoral), surgical treatment of these TMJ disorders is usually not indicated in first-line...
December 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826882/mandibular-advancement-appliance-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treatment
#19
J Kostrzewa-Janicka, P Śliwiński, M Wojda, D Rolski, E Mierzwińska-Nastalska
A combination of abnormal anatomy and physiology of the upper airway can produce its repetitive narrowing during sleep, resulting in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Treatment of sleep-breathing disorder ranges from lifestyle modifications, upper airway surgery, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to the use of oral appliances. A proper treatment selection should be preceded by thorough clinical and instrumental examinations. The type and number of specific oral appliances are still growing. The mandibular advancement appliance (MAA) is the most common type of a dental device in use today...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821165/classification-and-characterization-of-class-iii-malocclusion-in-chinese-individuals
#20
Cai Li, Ying Cai, Sihui Chen, Fengshan Chen
BACKGROUND: Class III malocclusion is a maxillofacial disorder that is characterised by a concave profile and can be attributed to both genetic inheritance and environmental factors. It is a clinical challenge due to our limited understanding of its aetiology. Revealing its prototypical diversity will contribute to our sequential exploration of the underlying aetiological information. The objective of this study was to characterize phenotypic variations of Class III malocclusion via a lateral cephalometric analysis in a community of Chinese individuals...
November 7, 2016: Head & Face Medicine
keyword
keyword
35402
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"