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Mandibular Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338489/multimodal-physiotherapy-treatment-based-on-a-biobehavioral-approach-for-patients-with-chronic-cervico-craniofacial-pain-a-prospective-case-series
#1
Fernando Marcos-Martín, Luis González-Ferrero, Noelia Martín-Alcocer, Alba Paris-Alemany, Roy La Touche
The purpose of this prospective case series was to observe and describe changes in patients with chronic cervico-craniofacial pain of muscular origin treated with multimodal physiotherapy based on a biobehavioral approach. Nine patients diagnosed with chronic myofascial temporomandibular disorder and neck pain were treated with 6 sessions over the course of 2 weeks including: (1) orthopedic manual physiotherapy (joint mobilizations, neurodynamic mobilization, and dynamic soft tissue mobilizations); (2) therapeutic exercises (motor control and muscular endurance exercises); and (3) patient education...
January 17, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330612/analysis-of-the-stomatognathic-system-of-children-according-orthodontic-treatment-needs
#2
Simone Cecílio Hallak Regalo, Bárbara de Lima Lucas, Kranya Victoria Díaz-Serrano, Nicolly Parente Ribeiro Frota, Isabela Hallak Regalo, Mariângela Salles Pereira Nassar, Mariah Acioli Righetti, Lígia Franco Oliveira, Lígia Maria Napolitano Gonçalves, Selma Siéssere, Marcelo Palinkas
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated electromyographic activity (EMG), masticatory performance, and tongue strength in children without and with orthodontic treatment needs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 90 children were screened and divided into the following groups: Group I (no treatment needed; mean age: 8.00 ± 0.43 years; n = 26), Group II (few malocclusions, treatment needed; mean age: 8.89 ± 0.43 years; n = 28), and Group III (slight-to-borderline treatment needed; mean age: 8...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327733/orthopaedic-treatment-effects-of-functional-therapy-on-the-sagittal-pharyngeal-dimensions-in-subjects-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-class-ii-malocclusion
#3
C Pavoni, E Cretella Lombardo, R Lione, P Bollero, F Ottaviani, P Cozza
The purpose of this cephalometric study was to evaluate the craniofacial changes induced by functional treatment of mandibular advancement with special regard to pharyngeal sagittal airway dimensions, tongue and hyoid bone position in subjects with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and dentoskeletal Class II malocclusions compared with an untreated Class II control group. 51 subjects (24 female, 27 male; mean age 9.9 ± 1.3 years) with Class II malocclusion and SDB consecutively treated with a functional appliance (Modify Monobloc, MM) were compared with a control group of 31 subjects (15 males, 16 females; mean age 10...
December 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307171/oral-features-in-patients-with-psoriasis-an-observational-study
#4
Umberto Romeo, Antonio Richetta, Federica Rocchetti, Laura Macaluso, Chiara Ciolfi, Gianfranco Gaimari, Martina Caputo, Gianluca Tenore, Marco Brandi, Gaspare Palaia, Antonella Polimeni
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in a group of psoriatic patients and healthy subjects. METHODS: Twenty psoriatic patients were enrolled in this observational study. Clinical examination, panoramic X-ray, magnetic nuclear resonance of temporo-mandibular joint, parodontal evaluation, oropharyngeal buffer and incisional biopsies by scalpel, as applicable, were done in order to value the patients...
February 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285333/obstructive-site-localization-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a-comparison-between-otolaryngologic-data-and-cephalometric-values
#5
D DI Venere, M Corsalini, G M Nardi, A Laforgia, F R Grassi, B Rapone, F Pettini
Purpose: Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is a respiratory disorder characterized by repeated obstructive episodes affecting upper airways.This study aims at examining the anatomical craniofacial and pharyngeal characteristics of the patient as to identify the obstructive site which triggers the pathologic process.Correlations between otolaryngologic data observed in the patient and the cephalometric ones for the identification of the obstructive site were also highlighted. Materials and methods: We worked on a sample of 16 patients, 12 males and 4 females, attended to at the Otolaryngology Operative Unit of Bari University Hospital...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244892/alterations-in-the-masticatory-system-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#6
Nina Riera-Punet, Jordi Martinez-Gomis, Andrés Paipa, Monica Povedano, Maria Peraire
AIMS: To determine the effect of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) on aspects of masticatory function and to assess the relationship between ALS and the prevalence of traumatic mucosal lesions caused by oral self-injury. METHODS: A total of 153 ALS patients and 23 control subjects participated in this cross-sectional study. Clinical characteristics including site of onset, medication, type of feeding, and use of noninvasive mechanical ventilation were recorded...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234185/ellis-van-creveld-with-an-unusual-dental-anomaly-a-case-report
#7
Suzanne Tanya Nethan, Shruti Sinha, Sunira Chandra
The Ellis-van Creveld (EVC) syndrome is a chondroectodermal dysplasia and is characterized by the cardinal features of disproportionate short stature, polydactyly, hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, and congenital heart malformations, along with other skeletal and dental abnormalities. It is a rare condition, with very few cases reported in the medical literature. It is inherited as an autosomal recessive disorder with variable expressions, due to the mutation of the EVC syndrome 1 and 2 genes, which are located on chromosome 4p16...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226593/the-face-in-marfan-syndrome-a-3d-quantitative-approach-for-a-better-definition-of-dysmorphic-features
#8
Claudia Dolci, Valentina Pucciarelli, Daniele M Gibelli, Marina Codari, Susan Marelli, Giuliana Trifirò, Alessandro Pini, Chiarella Sforza
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a rare hereditable disorder of connective tissue caused by mutations in the fibrillin-1 gene FBN1. Timely diagnosis of MFS is essential to prevent life-threatening cardiovascular complications; nevertheless it can be difficult owing to the phenotypic variability of the syndrome. No clear quantitative definition of facial abnormalities associated with MFS is available. The aim of this study was to improve the definition of the facial phenotype associated with MFS and to verify the usefulness of a 3D noninvasive quantitative approach for its early recognition...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223727/urodynamic-characteristics-might-be-variable-in-bladder-pain-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis-patients-with-different-non-bladder-co-morbid-conditions
#9
Wei-Ming Cheng, Yu-Hua Fan, Alex T L Lin
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to identify the impact of non-bladder co-morbid conditions on the urodynamic characteristics of patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis. METHODS: Patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis completed the screening questionnaires for chronic fatigue syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, temporo-mandibular disorders, multiple chemical sensitivities, tension/migraine headache, and localized myofascial pain disorder...
December 6, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217599/ers-statement-on-obstructive-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-1-to-23-month-old-children
#10
Athanasios G Kaditis, Maria Luz Alonso Alvarez, An Boudewyns, Francois Abel, Emmanouel I Alexopoulos, Refika Ersu, Koen Joosten, Helena Larramona, Silvia Miano, Indra Narang, Hui-Leng Tan, Ha Trang, Marina Tsaoussoglou, Nele Vandenbussche, Maria Pia Villa, Dick Van Waardenburg, Silke Weber, Stijn Verhulst
The present statement was produced by a European Respiratory Society Task Force to summarise the evidence and current practice on the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children aged 1-23 months. A systematic literature search was completed and 159 articles were summarised to answer clinically relevant questions. SDB is suspected when symptoms or abnormalities related to upper airway obstruction are identified. Morbidity (pulmonary hypertension, growth delay, behavioural problems) and coexisting conditions (feeding difficulties, recurrent otitis media) may be present...
December 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215692/chondroid-tenosynovial-giant-cell-tumor-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-a-rare-case-report
#11
Ana Lia Anbinder, Barbara Maria Corrêa Geraldo, Rubens Guimarães, Débora Lima Pereira, Oslei Paes de Almeida, Yasmin Rodarte Carvalho
Tenosynovial giant cell tumor of diffuse type (TGCT-d) or pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a locally aggressive lesion that mostly affects the joints of long bones. Chondroid tenosynovial giant cell tumor (CTGCT) or PVNS with chondroid metaplasia is a rare distinct subset of synovial tumors that has a predilection for the TMJ. We report a rare case of CTGCT in the TMJ, initially misdiagnosed as temporomandibular disorder (TMD). A 51-year-old woman was referred to the surgeon with the chief complaint of TMJ pain for 5 years and a past history of an unsuccessful TMD treatment...
September 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199204/definitive-diagnosis-of-mandibular-hypoplasia-deafness-progeroid-features-and-lipodystrophy-mdpl-syndrome-caused-by-a-recurrent-de-novo-mutation-in-the-pold1-gene
#12
Haruka Sasaki, Kumiko Yanagi, Satoshi Ugi, Kunihisa Kobayashi, Kumiko Ohkubo, Yuji Tajiri, Hiroshi Maegawa, Atsunori Kashiwagi, Tadashi Kaname
Segmental progeroid syndromes with lipodystrophy are extremely rare, heterogeneous, and complex multi-system disorders that are characterized by phenotypic features of premature aging affecting various tissues and organs. In this study, we present a "sporadic/isolated" Japanese woman who was ultimately diagnosed with mandibular hypoplasia, deafness, progeroid features, and progressive lipodystrophy (MDPL) syndrome (MIM #615381) using whole exome sequencing analysis. She had been suspected as having atypical Werner syndrome and/or progeroid syndrome based on observations spanning a 30-year period; however, repeated genetic testing by Sanger sequencing did not identify any causative mutation related to various subtypes of congenital partial lipodystrophy (CPLD) and/or mandibular dysplasia with lipodystrophy (MAD)...
December 2, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191153/the-effect-of-specially-designed-and-managed-occlusal-devices-on-patient-symptoms-of-tinnitus-a-cohort-study
#13
L Parnell Taylor, Wayne O Sletten, Thomas D Dumont
Objective Bioesthetic maxillary anterior guided orthoses (BMAGOs) were designed and adjusted to establish the mandibular location referred to as stable seated condylar position SSCP. This study demonstrates treatment efficacy of this device on tinnitus. Methods All patients had histories of temporomandibular disorder (TMD), head, neck and shoulder pain. Each patient wore the BMAGO at all times, eating, talking and sleeping with it functioning as a surrogate occlusion. Patients were seen every two weeks for adjustments...
November 30, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174551/surgical-management-of-severe-osteoradionecrosis-of-the-mandibular-bone-by-using-double-free-flap-reconstruction
#14
Niklas Rommel, Marco Rainer Kesting, Nils Hagen Rohleder, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Jochen Weitz
PURPOSE: Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the jaws represents one of the most severe complications after primary or adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) of large head and neck tumors. In advanced ORN cases, surgical management is generally considered the therapy of choice. However, in several severe ORN patients with extensive bone and soft tissue defects, functional and aesthetic reconstruction represents a huge challenge for any surgeon, with an increased risk of post-operative wound healing disorders...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153236/nonsurgical-management-of-pediatric-temporomandibular-joint-dysfunction
#15
REVIEW
Steven John Scrivani, Shehryar Nasir Khawaja, Paula Furlan Bavia
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a subgroup of craniofacial pain problems involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), masticatory muscles, and associated head and neck musculoskeletal structures. These disorders are subclassified into TMJ articular disorders and masticatory muscle disorders. Patients with TMD most commonly present with pain, restricted or asymmetric mandibular motion, and TMJ sounds during mandibular movements. The prevalence tends to increase with age. Management of TMJ articular disorders consists of a combination of patient education, home-care plan, biobehavioral therapy, physical therapy, orthotic jaw appliance therapy, pharmacotherapy, and/or surgery...
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147823/primary-peri-implant-oral-intra-epithelial-neoplasia-carcinoma-in-situ-a-case-report-considering-risk-factors-for-carcinogenesis
#16
Makoto Noguchi, Hiroaki Tsuno, Risa Ishizaka, Kumiko Fujiwara, Shuichi Imaue, Kei Tomihara, Takashi Minamisaka
BACKGROUND: Major risk factors for oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are tobacco smoking, a betel quid chewing habit, and heavy alcohol consumption. However, around 15% of oral SCCs cannot be explained by these risk factors. Although oral SCC associated with dental implants is quite rare, there has been a recent gradual accumulation of reports about it. Here, we report a case of primary peri-implant oral intra-epithelial neoplasia/carcinoma in situ (OIN/CIS) in a woman without the major risk factors for oral SCC...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141669/metastasis-in-the-mandibular-condyle-a-case-report
#17
Mina Dodo, Masahiro Kumagai, Yuta Kato, Hisashi Hirakawa, Takeyoshi Koseki
BACKGROUND: Most bone metastases are observed in the trunk of the body. Metastasis in the mandibular condyle is rare. In many case reports, temporary common temporomandibular joint disorder-like symptoms can be a sign of relapse and metastasis. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a rare case of breast carcinoma metastatic to the left mandibular condyle in a 55-year-old Japanese woman, who visited our department for a dental check-up prior to chemotherapy. She had almost no symptoms, but radiographs suggested the existence of metastasis...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140751/further-delineation-of-the-oculoauricular-syndrome-phenotype-a-new-family-with-a-novel-truncating-hmx1-mutation
#18
Ghada M H Abdel-Salam, Mohamed S Abdel-Hamid, Mennat I Mehrez, Ahmad M Kamal, Mohamed B Taher, Hanan H Afifi
Biallelic HMX1 mutations cause a very rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder termed as oculoauricular syndrome (OAS) because it is characterized only by the combination of eye and ear anomalies. We identified a new family bringing to three the total families reported with this disorder. Our proband presented with anteriorly protruded ears and malformed ear pinnae in association with microphthalmia, congenital cataract, microcornea, and iris and optic disc colobomata. Additionally, he had high and broad forehead with asymmetry giving a recognizable facial gestalt...
November 15, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131489/evaluation-of-the-serum-zinc-level-in-adult-patients-with-melasma-is-there-a-relationship-with-serum-zinc-deficiency-and-melasma
#19
Majid Rostami Mogaddam, Nastaran Safavi Ardabili, Manouchehr Iranparvar Alamdari, Nasrollah Maleki, Maryam Aghabalaei Danesh
BACKGROUND: Melasma is a common acquired hypermelanosis of sun-exposed skin, particularly on the face, which presents as symmetric, light- to gray-brown-colored macules and patches. There are several studies of serum zinc levels in cutaneous disorders. So far, no studies have been carried out to assess the serum zinc level in patients with melasma. The aim of this study is to determine the serum zinc level in patients with melasma compared to healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 118 patients with melasma and 118 healthy controls were enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129238/diet-versus-jaw-bones-lessons-from-experimental-models-and-potential-clinical-implications
#20
REVIEW
Carina Cristina Montalvany-Antonucci, Marina C Zicker, Marina C Oliveira, Soraia Macari, Mila Fernandes M Madeira, Ildeu Andrade, Adaliene Versiani M Ferreira, Tarcilia A Silva
The consumption of different types of diets influences not only body health but the bone remodeling process as well. Nutritional components can directly affect maxillary and mandibular alveolar bone microarchitecture. In this review, we focus on the current knowledge regarding the influence of diets and dietary supplementation on alveolar bone. Accumulating evidence from experimental models suggests that carbohydrate- and fat-rich diets are detrimental for alveolar bone, whereas protective effects are associated with consumption of calcium, ω-3, and bioactive compounds...
January 2018: Nutrition
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