keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mandibular Disorders

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906331/mandibular-surgical-navigation-an-innovative-guiding-method
#1
Vincenzo Abbate, Giovanni Dell' Aversana Orabona, Domenico Solari, Paola Bonavolontà, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
Mandibular osteotomies are usually required to treat craniomaxillofacial disorders. Losses of mandibular continuity result in esthetic and functional deficiency. During the past 30 years, the spread of the computer-assisted surgery techniques, rapid prototyping, and surgical navigation technique has improved the reliability and the outcomes of mandibular resections and reconstructions, by providing realtime feedback to surgeon. Recent studies reported the feasibility and the precision of surgical navigation applied to mandibular surgical resection and reconstruction with fibula flap but none of them describes a method to navigate the jaw allowing its full motility during the operation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902108/effects-of-two-different-self-adapted-occlusal-splints-on-electromyographic-and-force-parameters-during-elbow-flexors-isometric-contraction
#2
Eloisa Limonta, Chiara Arienti, Susanna Rampichini, Massimo Venturelli, Emiliano Cè, Arsenio Veicsteinas, Fabio Esposito
The study was aimed at determining the acute effects of two types of occlusal splints on maximum isometric strength and fatigue of the elbow flexors muscles. The hypothesis was that splint-induced masticatory muscle repositioning might improve primary muscles recruitment by stretching masticatory muscles especially with the thicker splint.On nine physically active volunteers with no temporo-mandibular joint and masticatory muscles disorders, we assessed maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of the elbow flexors with diurnal (OSD, 1-mm thick) and sport (OSSP, 3-mm thick) splints, and without splint (control, Ctrl)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893717/secondary-surgical-decompression-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-after-overfilling-of-endodontic-sealer-into-the-mandibular-canal-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Anne-Victoire Bastien, Jérôme Adnot, Hervé Moizan, Émile Calenda, Olivier Trost
The authors report the case of a 43 year-old woman who underwent endodontic treatment of the right second mandibular molar with substantial extrusion of endodontic material into the mandibular canal. The patient presented at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery with a persistent total anaesthesia of the lower lip and chin after two months. 2D panoramic view and 3D CT-scan examination highlighted the overfilling into the mandibular canal with a more than 50% stenosis of the canal and a consequently significant compression of the dental pedicle...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893644/high-bone-mass-due-to-novel-lrp5-and-amer1-mutations
#4
Alice Costantini, Päivi Kekäläinen, Riikka E Mäkitie, Outi Mäkitie
WNT signaling is a key regulator of bone metabolism and its increased or decreased activity leads to skeletal disorders. Here we describe two patients with high bone mass (HBM) caused by novel mutations in two different WNT pathway components. The first patient is a 53-year-old male with HBM. He was diagnosed at adult age based on significantly increased bone mineral density (BMD). He has undergone several surgeries due to excessive bone in ear canals, bilateral jaw exostoses and mandibular tori. Radiographs show severe cortical thickening of cranial and long bones...
September 8, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886353/initial-manifestation-of-acquired-hemophilia-a-after-a-routine-tooth-extraction-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Nicholas A Bennetts, James E Mergelmeyer, Eric J Reimer, James C Melville
Although surgical treatment of patients on anticoagulation regimens is common practice among oral and maxillofacial surgeons, unexpected and unknown coagulopathies can have devastating and catastrophic consequences for the most routine of procedures. Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is an extremely rare life-threatening bleeding disorder characterized by autoantibodies directed against circulating coagulation factor VIII. The effects of AHA can produce catastrophic bleeding and hematomas. The effect of this uncontrolled hemorrhage after dentoalveolar surgery can mimic severe head and neck infection by causing dysphagia, odynophagia, and acute airway complications...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878876/an-unusual-case-of-disappearing-bone-disease-in-the-mandible-and-literature-review
#6
Ambareen A Naqvi, Sandeep S Joshi, Edmund Bailey
Disappearing bone disease is a rare disorder that causes spontaneous and progressive osteolysis and proliferation of lymphatic tissue and blood vessels. It is debilitating and there is evidence of mortality in reported cases including those affecting mandible. A 38-year-old man was diagnosed with disappearing bone disease of the mandible in 2013. This had progressed from being in the right ramus only, and now extends to the lower right first molar and affects the left coronoid process and ramus. Mandibular involvement has shown to be high-risk...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874641/intricate-estimation-and-evaluation-of-mandibular-movements-in-geriatric-patients-suffering-from-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Shruti Dev, Sonali Perti, Mirna Garhnayak, Kalinga K Sahoo, Angurbala Dhal, Lokanath Garhnayak
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder that usually affects joints and making them warm, painful, and swollen. The chief purpose of this study was to evaluate movements of mandible in geriatric patients suffering from RA with or without temporomandibular joint dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 45 people were included in this study with age of 60 years and above. Partially or completely edentulous patients were divided into experimental and control group...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872989/orthodontic-treatment-in-conjunction-with-twin-bock-treatment-and-growth-hormone-therapy-in-silver-russell-syndrome
#8
Su-Jin Ko, Ji Young Seo, Yong-Dae Kwon, Kyounga Cheon, Jae Hyun Park
Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a very rare genetic disorder characterized by intrauterine growth retardation, short stature, and typical craniofacial abnormalities including micrognathia. While growth hormone (GH) therapy in children with SRS significantly improves somatic growth, functional orthopedic treatment can also be effective in adolescents with mandibular deficiency. We report the effects of Phase 1 functional orthopedic treatment of a twin-block appliance in conjunction with GH administration in a 9-year-old boy with GH deficiency and SRS, and the result of the subsequent Phase 2 orthodontic treatment...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866048/subcutaneous-lipoatrophy-and-skin-depigmentation-secondary-to-tmj-intra-articular-corticosteroid-injection
#9
Nicolás Patricio Skármeta, Fernando Ariel Hormazábal, Juan Alvarado, Ana Maria Rodriguez
Chronic orofacial pain is a complex multidimensional experience that produces disability and impairment of normal mandibular function. Overall estimations of chronic orofacial pain prevalence are 7 to 11% of the general population. Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are one of the most prevalent chronic orofacial pain conditions, with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthralgia accounted for 30.1% of TMD patients. Interventional procedures are often used in pain and palliative medicine to achieve reasonable and cost-effective pain relief...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865312/postural-stability-in-subjects-with-temporomandibular-disorders-and-healthy-controls-a-comparative-assessment
#10
Alessandro Nota, Simona Tecco, Shideh Ehsani, Johnny Padulo, Alberto Baldini
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The influence of the stomatognathic apparatus on body posture is a continuously discussed topic with contrasting results. The aim of this study is to analyze differences in postural stability between subjects with and without myogenous TMD. METHODS: 25 subjects affected by myogenous TMD according with DC/TMD (6 males, 19 females; mean age 31.75±6.68years) and a healthy control group of 19 subjects (4 Males, 15 Females; mean age 27.26±3.85years) were enrolled in the study...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858969/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-of-mild-severity-should-it-be-treated
#11
Walter T McNicholas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide guidance in the management of mild obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) in the context of a very high prevalence, poor correlation with symptom profile, and lack of evidence that mild OSAS significantly contributes to comorbidity or early mortality. RECENT FINDINGS: Mild obstructive sleep apnoea defined by hourly frequency of apnoeas or hypopnoeas (AHI) between 5 and 15 affects up to 35% of the general adult population but is much less prevalent when associated daytime symptoms are included...
August 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857986/craniofacial-and-dental-features-in-six-children-with-cherubism
#12
Patricia Stoor, Anni Suomalainen, Maarit Kemola, Sirpa Arte
Cherubism is an autosomal-dominant benign bone disorder, characterized by fibro-osseous lesions in the mandible and maxilla commonly caused by mutations in the SH3-binding protein 2-gene. The purpose of the authors' study was to analyze craniofacial and dental features of children diagnosed with cherubism, describe their treatment, and assess their dental age compared with norms for Finnish children. Six children were diagnosed, followed up and treated due to dental and skeletal disorders caused by cherubsim...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853428/obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas-evaluation-and-treatment-of-odontostomatological-problems
#13
Gaetano Ierardo, Valeria Luzzi, Antonella Polimeni
The Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is a breathing disorder characterized by repeated episodes of apnea/hypopnea occurring during sleep and caused by the obstruction of the upper airway. As OSAS can have a significant impact on quality of life, an early diagnosis and a multi-specialized recognition become important. Therapeutic proposals include the Mandibular Advancement Devices (MADs), intraoral devices that induce a mandibular advancement during the night to eliminate snoring and apnea. Italian guidelines on dental aspects of OSAS in adults and children focus primarily on anamnestic and clinical methods by which the dentist, in a role of epidemiological sentinel, can first identify a patient with OSAS and then participate in the therapeutic process using specific orthodontic intraoral devices...
August 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845957/sleep-disorders-sleep-related-breathing-disorders
#14
Deepa Burman
Sleep-related breathing disorders or sleep-disordered breathing are characterized by abnormal respiration during sleep. They are grouped into obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea, sleep-related hypoventilation, and sleep-related hypoxemia disorder. OSA is a common disorder encountered in the family medicine setting that is increasingly being recognized because of the obesity epidemic and greater public and physician awareness. OSA is characterized by recurrent episodes of partial or complete closure of the upper airway resulting in disturbed breathing during sleep...
September 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845159/analyzing-menton-deviation-in-posteroanterior-cephalogram-in-early-detection-of-temporomandibular-disorder
#15
Trelia Boel, Ervina Sofyanti, Erliera Sufarnap
INTRODUCTION: Some clinicians believed that mandibular deviation leads to facial asymmetry and it also had a correlation with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Posteroanterior (PA) cephalogram was widely reported as a regular record in treating facial asymmetry and craniofacial anomalies. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship of menton deviation in PA cephalogram with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TMJ function was initially screened based on TMD-DI questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843404/morphometric-analysis-of-temporomandibular-joint-elements
#16
Audrey E Paglio, Aaron P Bradley, R Shane Tubbs, Marios Loukas, Piotr B Kozlowski, Anthony C Dilandro, Yujiro Sakamoto, Joe Iwanaga, Cameron Schmidt, Anthony V D'Antoni
PURPOSE: To study the morphology of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) elements and examine the feasibility of a novel biofidelic articular disc casting technique. METHODS: 18 formalin-fixed cadavers (77.8% female, 22.2% male) with mean (SD) death age of 71.9 (13.7) years were used for this study. In each specimen the masseter muscle, mandibular ramus, and articular disc were dissected bilaterally and measured for length, width, and thickness. All anatomic measurements were made using a digital slide caliper (Hawk Inc...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834052/incidence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-elderly-edentulous-patients-and-the-possible-correlation-of-serum-serotonin-and-apnea-hypopnea-index
#17
Arvind Tripathi, Soumyojeet Bagchi, Juhi Singh, Suryakant Tripathi, Narendra Kumar Gupta, Varun Arora
PURPOSE: To estimate the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in elderly edentulous patients (aged 60-65 years) and investigate a correlation of serum serotonin levels with the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), respiratory effort-related arousal (RERA), and respiratory disturbance index (RDI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 381 elderly completely edentulous patients (307 male, 74 female) aged 60 to 65 years with a history of edentulism of 12 to 15 months, seeking oral rehabilitation at the prosthodontic clinic at Saraswati Dental College & Hospital, Lucknow, India, between January 2014 and January 2016 were enrolled for the present study...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833232/persistent-respiratory-effort-after-adenotonsillectomy-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#18
Jean-Benoît Martinot, N Nam Le-Dong, Stéphane Denison, Hervé Jean-Pierre Guénard, Jean-Christian Borel, Philip E Silkoff, Jean-Louis Pepin, David Gozal
OBJECTIVES: Adenotonsillectomy (AT) markedly improves but does not necessarily normalize polysomnographic findings in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy and related sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Adenotonsillectomy efficacy should be evaluated by follow-up polysomnography (PSG), but this method may underestimate persistent respiratory effort (RE). Mandibular movement (MMas) monitoring is an innovative measurement that readily identifies RE during upper airway obstruction. We hypothesized that MMas indices would decrease in parallel of PSG indices and that children with persistent RE more reliably could be identified with MMas...
August 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807049/oral-manifestations-dental-management-and-a-rare-homozygous-mutation-of-the-prdm12-gene-in-a-boy-with-hereditary-sensory-and-autonomic-neuropathy-type-viii-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Karim Elhennawy, Seif Reda, Christian Finke, Luitgard Graul-Neumann, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann, Theodosia Bartzela
BACKGROUND: Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type VIII is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder. Chen et al. recently identified the causative gene and characterized biallelic mutations in the PR domain-containing protein 12 gene, which plays a role in the development of pain-sensing nerve cells. Our patient's family was included in Chen and colleagues' study. We performed a literature review of the PubMed library (January 1985 to December 2016) on hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type I to VIII genetic disorders and their orofacial manifestations...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796986/evaluation-of-stomatognathic-problems-in-children-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-osteogenesis-imperfecta-oi-preliminary-study
#20
Danuta Smoląg, Małgorzata Kulesa-Mrowiecka, Jerzy Sułko
According to epidemiological data, muscular dysfunctions of the masticatory system occur in 15-23% of the population. Preventive examinations of functional disorders of the stomatognathic system are, therefore, of particular importance. A distinct group of patients exposed to dysfunctions in the area of the masticatory organ locomotor apparatus comprises those with genetic diseases characterised by disorders in collagen formation. One of such diseases is osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and dentinogenesis imperfecta that usually goes together with the former...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
keyword
keyword
35402
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"