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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890777/when-does-maluma-takete-fail-two-key-failures-and-a-meta-analysis-suggest-that-phonology-and-phonotactics-matter
#1
Suzy J Styles, Lauren Gawne
Eighty-seven years ago, Köhler reported that the majority of students picked the same answer in a quiz: Which novel word form ('maluma' or 'takete') went best with which abstract line drawing (one curved, one angular). Others have consistently shown the effect in a variety of contexts, with only one reported failure by Rogers and Ross. In the spirit of transparency, we report our own failure in the same journal. In our study, speakers of Syuba, from the Himalaya in Nepal, do not show a preference when matching word forms 'kiki' and 'bubu' to spiky versus curvy shapes...
July 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887005/-fungal-aetiologies-and-contributing-factors-of-interdigital-tinea-pedis-among-policemen-in-abidjan-ivory-coast
#2
P C M Kiki-Barro, A Konaté, E K Angora, F K Kassi, H Bosson-Vanga, A V Bedia-Tanoh, V Djohan, W Yavo, E I H Menan
AIM OF THE STUDY: Fungal interdigital tinea pedis are poorly documented in Ivory Coast. This study aimed to determine the distribution of fungal species and contributing factors of the disease among policemen in Abidjan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our cross-sectional study was carried out at the police school in Abidjan. Our patients consisted of symptomatic or non-symptomatic police students. Samples of scales or serosities taken from inter-toes spaces were examinated with KOH mount and cultured on Sabouraud-chloramphenicol and Sabouraud-chloramphenicol-actidione media...
September 5, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887004/-mycological-profile-of-hand-onychomycosis-amongs-garba-sellers-in-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#3
P C M Kiki-Barro, A Konaté, F K Kassi, E K Angora, H Bosson-Vanga, A V Bedia-Tanoh, V Djohan, W Yavo, E I H Menan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and the fungi involved in onychomycosis located on fingers in Abidjan. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study includes the sellers of cooked cassava semolina served with fried tuna fish called "garba". Fines squames specimen was processed with 30% KOH for a direct microscope examination. Serous collection were done in physiological serum. Part of the original sample was cultured on Sabouraud medium with antibiotics (chloramphénicol, actidione)...
September 5, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870297/amygdalar-prefrontal-connectivity-changes-during-adolescence-implications-for-development-of-mood-disorders
#4
Kiki D Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867257/oropharyngeal-candidiasis-prevalence-among-hiv-infected-patients-at-the-teaching-hospital-of-treichville-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#5
A Konaté, P C M Barro-Kiki, K F Kassi, K E Angora, H Vanga-Bosson, V Djohan, A V Bédia-Tanoh, A J S Miézan, W Yavo, E I H Menan
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to determine the mycological profile of oropharyngeal candidiasis among HIV-infected patients from Internal Medicine, Infectious and Tropical Diseases, and Pneumo-Phthisiology Diseases departments of the Teaching Hospital of Treichville in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study carried out on patients with lesions suggestive of oropharyngeal candidiasis from October 2010 to April 2011...
August 31, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837013/six-change-ideas-that-significantly-minimize-alternate-level-of-care-alc-days-in-acute-care-hospitals
#6
Paula Chidwick, Jill Oliver, Daniel Ball, Christopher Parkes, Terri Lynn Hansen, Francesca Fiumara, Kiki Ferrari, Cindy Hawkswell, Karyn Lumsden
A significant issue affecting the healthcare system across Ontario is the number of patients admitted to hospitals that are then subsequently being designated alternate level of care (ALC). In 2016, 14.5% of Ontario in-patient beds were occupied by ALC-designated patients. Contributing to this phenomenon are ethical errors that can affect decision-making around discharge. Since 2012, William Osler Health System has redesigned their discharge process to eliminate ethical errors and align more fully with the Health Care Consent Act (HCCA) and the Public Hospitals Act (PHA)...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829364/nature-versus-nurture-does-proteostasis-imbalance-underlie-the-genetic-environmental-and-age-related-risk-factors-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
REVIEW
Elise A Kikis
Aging is a risk factor for a number of "age-related diseases", including Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD affects more than a third of all people over the age of 85, and is the leading cause of dementia worldwide. Symptoms include forgetfulness, memory loss, and cognitive decline, ultimately resulting in the need for full-time care. While there is no cure for AD, pharmacological approaches to alleviate symptoms and target underlying causes of the disease have been developed, albeit with limited success. This review presents the age-related, genetic, and environmental risk factors for AD and proposes a hypothesis for the mechanistic link between genetics and the environment...
August 22, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824653/dynamics-of-recent-thymic-emigrants-in-young-adult-mice
#8
Vera van Hoeven, Julia Drylewicz, Liset Westera, Ineke den Braber, Tendai Mugwagwa, Kiki Tesselaar, José A M Borghans, Rob J de Boer
The peripheral naive T-cell pool is generally thought to consist of a subpopulation of recent thymic emigrants (RTEs) and a subpopulation of mature naive (MN) T cells with different dynamics. Thymus transplantation and adoptive transfer studies in mice have provided contradicting results, with some studies suggesting that RTEs are relatively short-lived cells, while another study suggested that RTEs have a survival advantage. We here estimate the death rates of RTE and MN T cells by performing both thymus transplantations and deuterium labeling experiments in mice of at least 12 weeks old, an age at which the size of the T-cell pool has stabilized...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776930/early-intervention-for-youth-at-high-risk-for-bipolar-disorder-a-multisite-randomized-trial-of-family-focused-treatment
#9
David J Miklowitz, Christopher D Schneck, Patricia D Walshaw, Amy S Garrett, Manpreet K Singh, Catherine A Sugar, Kiki D Chang
AIMS: Despite the considerable public health impact of bipolar disorder (BD), no psychosocial interventions have been systematically evaluated in its early prodromal stages. We describe the rationale, design and analytic methods for a 3-site randomized trial of family-focused treatment for youth at high risk (FFT-HR) for BD. METHODS: Participants (ages 9-17 years) have a diagnosis of unspecified BD or major depressive disorder, current mood symptoms and at least one first- or second-degree relative with a lifetime history of BD I or II...
August 4, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743715/circulatory-and-maturation-kinetics-of-human-monocyte-subsets-in-vivo
#10
Tamar Tak, Julia Drylewicz, Lennart Conemans, Rob J De Boer, Leo Koenderman, Jose A M Borghans, Kiki Tesselaar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731778/a-pharmacologic-algorithm-for-youth-who-are-at-high-risk-for-bipolar-disorder
#11
Christopher D Schneck, Kiki D Chang, Manpreet K Singh, Melissa P DelBello, David J Miklowitz
OBJECTIVE: Depression and brief periods of manic symptoms are linked to a significant risk of progression to bipolar disorder (BD) in children who have a first-degree relative with BD I or II. However, little evidence exists to guide the pharmacologic management of children with these high-risk phenotypes. We propose a pharmacological treatment algorithm for high-risk youth and present results on its use in a study of children with a first-degree relative with BD. METHODS: Subjects were 40 youth (mean 12...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724512/the-health-buddies-app-as-a-novel-tool-to-improve-adherence-and-knowledge-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-a-pilot-study
#12
Lien Desteghe, Kiki Kluts, Johan Vijgen, Pieter Koopman, Dagmara Dilling-Boer, Joris Schurmans, Paul Dendale, Hein Heidbuchel
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) constitutes an important risk for stroke, especially in an ageing population. A new app (Health Buddies) was developed as a tool to improve adherence to non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in an elderly AF population by providing a virtual contract with their grandchildren, spelling out daily challenges for both. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility and usability of the Health Buddies app in AF patients...
July 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722481/clinical-management-of-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-syndrome-part-i-psychiatric-and-behavioral-interventions
#13
Margo Thienemann, Tanya Murphy, James Leckman, Richard Shaw, Kyle Williams, Cynthia Kapphahn, Jennifer Frankovich, Daniel Geller, Gail Bernstein, Kiki Chang, Josephine Elia, Susan Swedo
OBJECTIVE: This article outlines the consensus guidelines for symptomatic treatment for children with Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) and Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Syndrome Associated with Streptococcal Infection (PANDAS). METHODS: Extant literature on behavioral, psychotherapeutic, and psychopharmacologic treatments for PANS and PANDAS was reviewed. Members of the PANS Research Consortium pooled their clinical experiences to find agreement on treatment of PANS and PANDAS symptoms...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691750/human-neonatal-thymectomy-induces-altered-b-cell-responses-and-auto-reactivity
#14
Theo Broek, Asaf Madi, Eveline M Delemarre, Alvin W L Schadenberg, Kiki Tesselaar, José A M Borghans, Stefan Nierkens, Frank A Redegeld, Henny G Otten, Maura Rosetti, Salvatore Albani, Rachel Sorek, Irun R Cohen, Nicolaas J G Jansen, Femke van Wijk
An association between T-cell lymphopenia and autoimmunity has long been proposed, but it remains to be elucidated whether T-cell lymphopenia affects B-cell responses to auto-antigens. Human neonatal thymectomy results in a decrease in T-cell numbers and we used this model to study the development of auto-reactivity. Two cohorts of neonatally thymectomized individuals were examined, a cohort of young (1-5 years post-thymectomy, n = 10-27) and older children (>10years,n = 26), and compared to healthy age-matched controls...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667891/anomalous-prefrontal-limbic-activation-and-connectivity-in-youth-at-high-risk-for-bipolar-disorder
#15
Kiki Chang, Amy Garrett, Ryan Kelley, Meghan Howe, Erica Marie Sanders, Tenah Acquaye, Layla Bararpour, Sherrie Li, Manpreet Singh, Booil Jo, Joachim Hallmayer, Allan Reiss
OBJECTIVE: Abnormal prefrontal-limbic brain activation in response to facial expressions has been reported in pediatric bipolar disorder (BD). However, it is less clear whether these abnormalities exist prior to onset of mania, thus representing a biomarker predicting development of BD. METHODS: We examined brain activation in 50 youth at high risk for BD (HR-BD), compared with 29 age- and gender-matched healthy control (HC) subjects. HR-BD was defined as having a parent with BD, as well as current mood or attentiondeficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, or a history of at least one depressive episode...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597194/a-social-bouba-kiki-effect-a-bias-for-people-whose-names-match-their-faces
#16
David N Barton, Jamin Halberstadt
The "bouba/kiki effect" is the robust tendency to associate rounded objects (vs. angular objects) with names that require rounding of the mouth to pronounce, and may reflect synesthesia-like mapping across perceptual modalities. Here we show for the first time a "social" bouba/kiki effect, such that experimental participants associate round names ("Bob," "Lou") with round-faced (vs. angular-faced) individuals. Moreover, consistent with a bias for expectancy-consistent information, we find that participants like targets with "matching" names, both when name-face fit is measured and when it is experimentally manipulated...
June 8, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577536/how-changing-quality-management-influenced-pgme-accreditation-a-focus-on-decentralization-and-quality-improvement
#17
Nesibe Akdemir, Kiki M J M H Lombarts, Emma Paternotte, Bas Schreuder, Fedde Scheele
BACKGROUND: Evaluating the quality of postgraduate medical education (PGME) programs through accreditation is common practice worldwide. Accreditation is shaped by educational quality and quality management. An appropriate accreditation design is important, as it may drive improvements in training. Moreover, accreditors determine whether a PGME program passes the assessment, which may have major consequences, such as starting, continuing or discontinuing PGME. However, there is limited evidence for the benefits of different choices in accreditation design...
June 2, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554254/implementation-of-the-hyaluronic-acid-fat-graft-myringoplasty-technique-pitfalls-and-lessons-learned
#18
Nienke Grotenhuis, Jan Pieter Koopman, J Kruyt, Laura Kiki Rothuizen, Rachel Knevel, Henk Blom
BACKGROUND: Myringoplasty is a common procedure in otorhinolaryngology. Many techniques with different complications and outcomes have been described, one of which is hyaluronic acid fat graft myringoplasty (HAFGM). This technique, as proposed by Saliba, uses fat tissue and hyaluronic acid discs. The technique is relatively fast with a high success rate and low complications. However, what outcomes can be expected when performed by other surgeons? In this paper, we report on the technique's success in our own hands...
May 29, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515092/human-cd62l-dim-neutrophils-identified-as-a-separate-subset-by-proteome-profiling-and-in-vivo-pulse-chase-labelling
#19
Tamar Tak, Patrick Wijten, Marjolein Heeres, Peter Pickkers, Arjen Scholten, Albert J R Heck, Nienke Vrisekoop, Luke P Leenen, Jos Eacute A M Borghans, Kiki Tesselaar, Leo Koenderman
During acute inflammation three neutrophil subsets are found in the blood: neutrophils with a conventional segmented nucleus, neutrophils with a banded nucleus and T-cell-suppressing CD62L(dim) neutrophils with a high number of nuclear lobes. In this study (clinicaltrials.gov NCT01766414) we compared the in vivo kinetics and proteomes of banded, mature and hypersegmented neutrophils to determine whether these cell types represent truly different neutrophil subsets or reflect changes induced by LPS activation...
May 17, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507749/splenic-volume-differentiates-complicated-and-non-complicated-celiac-disease
#20
Tom van Gils, Petula Nijeboer, Jan Hein Tm van Waesberghe, Veerle Mh Coupé, Kiki Janssen, Jessy A Zegers, Shaikh A Nurmohamed, Georg Kraal, Sabine Ci Jiskoot, Gerd Bouma, Chris Jj Mulder
BACKGROUND: Studies in small groups of patients indicated that splenic volume (SV) may be decreased in patients with celiac disease (CD), refractory CD (RCD) type II and enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to evaluate SV in a large cohort of uncomplicated CD, RCD II and EATL patients and healthy controls. METHODS: The retrospective cohort consisted of 77 uncomplicated CD (of whom 39 in remission), 29 RCD II, 24 EATL and 12 patients with both RCD II and EATL...
April 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
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