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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597194/a-social-bouba-kiki-effect-a-bias-for-people-whose-names-match-their-faces
#1
David N Barton, Jamin Halberstadt
The "bouba/kiki effect" is the robust tendency to associate rounded objects (vs. angular objects) with names that require rounding of the mouth to pronounce, and may reflect synesthesia-like mapping across perceptual modalities. Here we show for the first time a "social" bouba/kiki effect, such that experimental participants associate round names ("Bob," "Lou") with round-faced (vs. angular-faced) individuals. Moreover, consistent with a bias for expectancy-consistent information, we find that participants like targets with "matching" names, both when name-face fit is measured and when it is experimentally manipulated...
June 8, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577536/how-changing-quality-management-influenced-pgme-accreditation-a-focus-on-decentralization-and-quality-improvement
#2
Nesibe Akdemir, Kiki M J M H Lombarts, Emma Paternotte, Bas Schreuder, Fedde Scheele
BACKGROUND: Evaluating the quality of postgraduate medical education (PGME) programs through accreditation is common practice worldwide. Accreditation is shaped by educational quality and quality management. An appropriate accreditation design is important, as it may drive improvements in training. Moreover, accreditors determine whether a PGME program passes the assessment, which may have major consequences, such as starting, continuing or discontinuing PGME. However, there is limited evidence for the benefits of different choices in accreditation design...
June 2, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554254/implementation-of-the-hyaluronic-acid-fat-graft-myringoplasty-technique-pitfalls-and-lessons-learned
#3
Nienke Grotenhuis, Jan Pieter Koopman, J Kruyt, Laura Kiki Rothuizen, Rachel Knevel, Henk Blom
BACKGROUND: Myringoplasty is a common procedure in otorhinolaryngology. Many techniques with different complications and outcomes have been described, one of which is hyaluronic acid fat graft myringoplasty (HAFGM). This technique, as proposed by Saliba, uses fat tissue and hyaluronic acid discs. The technique is relatively fast with a high success rate and low complications. However, what outcomes can be expected when performed by other surgeons? In this paper, we report on the technique's success in our own hands...
May 29, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515092/human-cd62l-dim-neutrophils-identified-as-a-separate-subset-by-proteome-profiling-and-in-vivo-pulse-chase-labelling
#4
Tamar Tak, Patrick Wijten, Marjolein Heeres, Peter Pickkers, Arjen Scholten, Albert J R Heck, Nienke Vrisekoop, Luke P Leenen, Jos Eacute A M Borghans, Kiki Tesselaar, Leo Koenderman
During acute inflammation three neutrophil subsets are found in the blood: neutrophils with a conventional segmented nucleus, neutrophils with a banded nucleus and T-cell-suppressing CD62L(dim) neutrophils with a high number of nuclear lobes. In this study (clinicaltrials.gov NCT01766414) we compared the in vivo kinetics and proteomes of banded, mature and hypersegmented neutrophils to determine whether these cell types represent truly different neutrophil subsets or reflect changes induced by LPS activation...
May 17, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507749/splenic-volume-differentiates-complicated-and-non-complicated-celiac-disease
#5
Tom van Gils, Petula Nijeboer, Jan Hein Tm van Waesberghe, Veerle Mh Coupé, Kiki Janssen, Jessy A Zegers, Shaikh A Nurmohamed, Georg Kraal, Sabine Ci Jiskoot, Gerd Bouma, Chris Jj Mulder
BACKGROUND: Studies in small groups of patients indicated that splenic volume (SV) may be decreased in patients with celiac disease (CD), refractory CD (RCD) type II and enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to evaluate SV in a large cohort of uncomplicated CD, RCD II and EATL patients and healthy controls. METHODS: The retrospective cohort consisted of 77 uncomplicated CD (of whom 39 in remission), 29 RCD II, 24 EATL and 12 patients with both RCD II and EATL...
April 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503811/the-interactive-origin-of-iconicity
#6
Mónica Tamariz, Seán G Roberts, J Isidro Martínez, Julio Santiago
We investigate the emergence of iconicity, specifically a bouba-kiki effect in miniature artificial languages under different functional constraints: when the languages are reproduced and when they are used communicatively. We ran transmission chains of (a) participant dyads who played an interactive communicative game and (b) individual participants who played a matched learning game. An analysis of the languages over six generations in an iterated learning experiment revealed that in the Communication condition, but not in the Reproduction condition, words for spiky shapes tend to be rated by naive judges as more spiky than the words for round shapes...
May 15, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481049/comparison-of-laparoscopic-assisted-technique-and-open-laparotomy-for-gastrointestinal-biopsy-in-cats
#7
Janet Kovak McClaran, Suzanne C Skerrett, Rachael L Currao, Philippa R Pavia, Kiki M Tarvin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the complications, postoperative pain, surgical time, hospitalization time, and adequacy of biopsy specimens between laparoscopic assisted (LAP) versus open laparotomy (OPEN) gastrointestinal biopsies in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Twenty-eight cats with clinical and ultrasonographic evidence of gastrointestinal disease. Fifteen cats in the LAP group and 13 in the OPEN group...
May 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471782/job-resources-physician-work-engagement-and-patient-care-experience-in-an-academic-medical-setting
#8
Renée A Scheepers, Lenny S S Lases, Onyebuchi A Arah, Maas Jan Heineman, Kiki M J M H Lombarts
PURPOSE: Physician work engagement is associated with better work performance and fewer medical errors; however, whether work-engaged physicians perform better from the patient perspective is unknown. Although availability of job resources (autonomy, colleague support, participation in decision making, opportunities for learning) bolster work engagement, this relationship is understudied among physicians. This study investigated associations of physician work engagement with patient care experience and job resources in an academic setting...
May 2, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447082/temperature-dependency-of-aqueous-biphasic-systems-an-alternative-approach-for-exploring-the-differences-between-coulombic-dominated-salts-and-ionic-liquids
#9
Francisca A E Silva, Jorge F B Pereira, Kiki A Kurnia, Sónia P M Ventura, Artur M S Silva, Robin D Rogers, João A P Coutinho, Mara G Freire
Herein we propose an alternative way to distinguish ionic liquids from Coulombic-dominated salts, based not on their upper limit melting temperature (100 °C), but on the trend of their phase-forming abilities to create aqueous biphasic systems as a function of temperature, in which a wider plethora of interactions can be appraised.
April 27, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379043/hiv-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-sub-saharan-africa-rationale-and-design-of-the-ndlovu-cohort-study
#10
Alinda Vos, Hugo Tempelman, Walter Devillé, Roos Barth, Annemarie Wensing, Mirjam Kretzschmar, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Andy Hoepelman, Kiki Tesselaar, Sue Aitken, Mashudu Madzivhandila, Cuno Uiterwaal, Francois Venter, Roel Coutinho, Diederick E Grobbee
Background The largest proportion of people living with HIV resides in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Evidence from developed countries suggests that HIV infection increases the relative risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) by up to 50%. Differences in lifestyle, gender distribution, routes of HIV transmission and HIV subtype preclude generalisation of data from Western countries to the SSA situation. The Ndlovu Cohort Study aims to provide insight into the burden of cardiovascular risk factors and disease, the mechanisms driving CVD risk and the contribution of HIV infection and its treatment to the development of CVD in a rural area of SSA...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353480/what-s-your-agility-ability
#11
Kiki Orski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332847/phase-behavior-and-physical-properties-of-new-biobased-ionic-liquid-crystals
#12
Ariel A C Toledo Hijo, Guilherme J Maximo, Mariana C Costa, Rosiane L Cunha, Jorge F B Pereira, Kiki A Kurnia, Eduardo A C Batista, Antonio J A Meirelles
Protic ionic liquids (PILs) have emerged as promising compounds and attracted the interest of the industry and the academy community, due to their easy preparation and unique properties. In the context of green chemistry, the use of biocompounds, such as fatty acids, for their synthesis could disclose a possible alternative way to produce ILs with a low or nontoxic effect and, consequently, expanding their applicability in biobased processes or in the development of bioproducts. This work addressed efforts to a better comprehension of the complex solid-[liquid crystal]-liquid thermodynamic equilibrium of 20 new PILs synthesized by using fatty acids commonly found in vegetable oils, as well as their rheological profile and self-assembling ability...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282438/a-new-caenorhabditis-elegans-model-of-human-huntingtin-513-aggregation-and-toxicity-in-body-wall-muscles
#13
Amy L Lee, Hailey M Ung, L Paul Sands, Elise A Kikis
Expanded polyglutamine repeats in different proteins are the known determinants of at least nine progressive neurodegenerative disorders whose symptoms include cognitive and motor impairment that worsen as patients age. One such disorder is Huntington's Disease (HD) that is caused by a polyglutamine expansion in the human huntingtin protein (htt). The polyglutamine expansion destabilizes htt leading to protein misfolding, which in turn triggers neurodegeneration and the disruption of energy metabolism in muscle cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218984/closing-the-patient-experience-chasm-a-two-level-validation-of-the-consumer-quality-index-inpatient-hospital-care
#14
Alina Smirnova, Kiki M J M H Lombarts, Onyebuchi A Arah, Cees P M van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of patients' health care experiences is central to measuring patient-centred care. However, different instruments tend to be used at the hospital or departmental level but rarely both, leading to a lack of standardization of patient experience measures. OBJECTIVE: To validate the Consumer Quality Index (CQI) Inpatient Hospital Care for use on both department and hospital levels. DESIGN: Using cross-sectional observational data, we investigated the internal validity of the questionnaire using confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), and the generalizability of the questionnaire for use at the department and hospital levels using generalizability theory...
February 20, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212117/validation-of-the-incept-a-multisource-feedback-tool-for-capturing-different-perspectives-on-physicians-professional-performance
#15
Mirja W van der Meulen, Benjamin C M Boerebach, Alina Smirnova, Sylvia Heeneman, Mirjam G A Oude Egbrink, Cees P M van der Vleuten, Onyebuchi A Arah, Kiki M J M H Lombarts
INTRODUCTION: Multisource feedback (MSF) instruments are used to and must feasibly provide reliable and valid data on physicians' performance from multiple perspectives. The "INviting Co-workers to Evaluate Physicians Tool" (INCEPT) is a multisource feedback instrument used to evaluate physicians' professional performance as perceived by peers, residents, and coworkers. In this study, we report on the validity, reliability, and feasibility of the INCEPT. METHODS: The performance of 218 physicians was assessed by 597 peers, 344 residents, and 822 coworkers...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112997/can-a-word-sound-like-a-shape-before-you-have-seen-it-sound-shape-mapping-prior-to-conscious-awareness
#16
Shao-Min Hung, Suzy J Styles, Po-Jang Hsieh
Nonarbitrary mappings between sound and shape (i.e., the bouba-kiki effect) have been shown across different cultures and early in development; however, the level of processing at which this effect arises remains unclear. Here we show that the mapping occurs prior to conscious awareness of the visual stimuli. Under continuous flash suppression, congruent stimuli (e.g., "kiki" inside an angular shape) broke through to conscious awareness faster than incongruent stimuli. This was true even when we trained people to pair unfamiliar letters with auditory word forms, a result showing that the effect was driven by the phonology, not the visual features, of the letters...
March 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104448/metformin-and-low-dose-radiation-modulates-cisplatin-induced-oxidative-injury-in-rat-via-ppar-%C3%AE-and-mapk-pathways
#17
Heba H Mansour, Shereen M El Kiki, Shereen M Galal
Cisplatin (CIS) is a chemotherapeutic agent used for therapy of many tumors and has been limited by its toxicity. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor-kappa B(NFkB) in the pathogenesis of hepatic damage induced by CIS, and investigated the modulatory effect of metformin (MET) and/or low dose gamma radiation (LDR) on CIS-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. CIS(7.5 mg/kg, i.p.) hepatotoxicity was evidenced by alteration of serum hepatic indices (ALT and AST) accompanied with decreased hepatic PPAR-γ, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities and reduced glutathione (GSH) content, whereas the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), total nitrate/nitrite (NOx) and NFkB significantly increased as well as MAPK activity compared with the control, MET and LDR groups...
February 15, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084019/is-being-a-medical-educator-a-lonely-business-the-essence-of-social-support
#18
Joost W van den Berg, Christel P M Verberg, Albert J J A Scherpbier, A Debbie C Jaarsma, Kiki M J M H Lombarts
CONTEXT: Social support helps prevent burnout and promotes its positive opposite, work engagement. With higher work engagement performance increases. The context-specific aspects of social support for medical educators, in their educator role, are unknown. To help facilitate social support our study describes the essential elements of social support and their meaning for medical educators. METHODS: We held interviews with medical educators purposefully sampled for diverse backgrounds and working circumstances and who spent a considerable amount of time on education...
January 13, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026194/predicting-reading-and-mathematics-from-neural-activity-for-feedback-learning
#19
Sabine Peters, Mara Van der Meulen, Kiki Zanolie, Eveline A Crone
Although many studies use feedback learning paradigms to study the process of learning in laboratory settings, little is known about their relevance for real-world learning settings such as school. In a large developmental sample (N = 228, 8-25 years), we investigated whether performance and neural activity during a feedback learning task predicted reading and mathematics performance 2 years later. The results indicated that feedback learning performance predicted both reading and mathematics performance. Activity during feedback learning in left superior dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) predicted reading performance, whereas activity in presupplementary motor area/anterior cingulate cortex (pre-SMA/ACC) predicted mathematical performance...
January 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900673/expansion-of-the-phenotypic-spectrum-of-propionic-acidemia-with-isolated-elevated-propionylcarnitine
#20
Gerarda Cappuccio, Paldeep S Atwal, Taraka R Donti, Kiki Ugarte, Nadia Merchant, William J Craigen, V Reid Sutton, Sarah H Elsea
We report three patients with elevations of propionylcarnitine (C3), one without elevations of 2-methylcitrate and 3-hydroxypropionate in urine organic acid analysis, and the other two showing only mild elevations, all of whom were subsequently confirmed to have propionic acidemia by molecular analysis of PCCA and PCCB genes. To date, they have had a mild clinical course. These cases illustrate the importance of considering high C3 as the only biochemical abnormality in a diagnosis of propionic acidemia. Since mild C3 elevations may be overlooked and considered non-diagnostic in isolation, we advise considering a diagnosis of propionic acidemia even in the absence of significant elevations 2-methylcitrate or 3-hydroxypropionate in urine organic acid analysis...
November 30, 2016: JIMD Reports
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