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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443691/the-effect-of-emotion-on-articulation-rate-in-persistence-and-recovery-of-childhood-stuttering
#1
Aysu Erdemir, Tedra A Walden, Caswell M Jefferson, Dahye Choi, Robin M Jones
PURPOSE: This study investigated the possible association of emotional processes and articulation rate in pre-school age children who stutter and persist (persisting), children who stutter and recover (recovered) and children who do not stutter (nonstuttering). METHODS: The participants were ten persisting, ten recovered, and ten nonstuttering children between the ages of 3-5 years; who were classified as persisting, recovered, or nonstuttering approximately 2-2...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443077/contractility-measurements-of-human-uterine-smooth-muscle-to-aid-drug-development
#2
Sarah Arrowsmith, Peter Keov, Markus Muttenthaler, Christian W Gruber
Discovery and characterization of novel pharmaceutical compounds or biochemical probes rely on robust and physiologically relevant assay systems. We describe methods to measure ex vivo myometrium contractility. This assay can be used to investigate factors and molecules involved in the modulation of myometrial contraction and to determine their excitatory or inhibitory actions, and hence their therapeutic potential in vivo. Biopsies are obtained from women undergoing cesarean section delivery with informed consent...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441169/perioperative-stroke-pathophysiology-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Sang-Bae Ko
Although perioperative stroke is uncommon during low-risk non-vascular surgery, if it occurs, it can negatively impact recovery from the surgery and functional outcome. Based on the Society for Neuroscience in Anesthesiology and Critical Care Consensus Statement, perioperative stroke includes intraoperative stroke, as well as postoperative stroke developing within 30 days after surgery. Factors related to perioperative stroke include age, sex, a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack, cardiac surgery (aortic surgery, mitral valve surgery, or coronary artery bypass graft surgery), and neurosurgery (external carotid-internal carotid bypass surgery, carotid endarterectomy, or aneurysm clipping)...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439905/three-dimensional-intracranial-middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysm-models-for-aneurysm-surgery-and-training
#4
Liang Wang, Xun Ye, Qiang Hao, Li Ma, Xiaolin Chen, Hao Wang, Yuanli Zhao
To develop a realistic model of middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms using three-dimensional (3D) printing for surgical planning, research, and training of neurosurgical residents. This study included eight MCA aneurysm cases. The aneurysm together with the adjacent arteries and skull base were printed based on raw computed tomography angiography (CTA) data using a 3D printer with acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene as the model material. The aneurysm models were used for surgical planning, and craniotomy and clipping practice by neurosurgical residents...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439775/right-ventricular-fractional-area-of-change-is-predictive-of-ventilator-support-days-in-trauma-and-burn-patients
#5
Duraid Younan, David C Pigott, C Blayke Gibson, John P Gullett, Ahmed Zaky
Echocardiography has contributed to the care of critically ill patients but there remains a need for more publications about its association with outcomes to confirm its role. We conducted a retrospective review of trauma and burn patients that were admitted to our intensive care unit between 2015 and 2017 that underwent hemodynamic transesophageal echocardiography. Data collected included demographics, clinical and laboratory data. Right ventricle fractional area of change (RVFAC) measurements were performed on still mages obtained from mid-esophageal four-chamber-view clips...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438551/coiling-versus-microsurgical-clipping-in-the-treatment-of-unruptured-middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysms-a-meta-analysis
#6
Meshal Alreshidi, David J Cote, Hormuzdiyar H Dasenbrock, Michael Acosta, Anil Can, Joanne Doucette, Thomas Simjian, M Maher Hulou, Lee A Wheeler, Kevin Huang, Hasan A Zaidi, Rose Du, M Ali Aziz-Sultan, Rania A Mekary, Timothy R Smith
BACKGROUND: Open microsurgical clipping of unruptured intracranial aneurysms has long been the gold standard, yet advancements in endovascular coiling techniques have begun to challenge the status quo. OBJECTIVE: To compare endovascular coiling with microsurgical clipping among adults with unruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms (MCAA) by conducting a meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted from January 2011 to October 2015 to update a previous meta-analysis...
February 9, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438049/oncoprotein-aeg-1-is-an-endoplasmic-reticulum-rna-binding-protein-whose-interactome-is-enriched-in-organelle-resident-protein-encoding-mrnas
#7
Jack C-C Hsu, David W Reid, Alyson M Hoffman, Devanand Sarkar, Christopher V Nicchitta
Astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1), an oncogene whose overexpression promotes tumor cell proliferation, angiogenesis, invasion, and enhanced chemoresistance, is thought to function primarily as a scaffolding protein, regulating PI3K/Akt and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways. Here we report that AEG-1 is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resident integral membrane RNA-binding protein (RBP). Examination of the AEG-1 RNA interactome by HITS-CLIP and PAR-CLIP methodologies revealed a high enrichment for endomembrane organelle-encoding transcripts, most prominently those encoding ER resident proteins, and within this cohort, for integral membrane protein-encoding RNAs...
February 7, 2018: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436207/alternative-surgical-methods-in-patients-with-recurrent-palmar-hyperhidrosis-and-compensatory-hyperhidrosis
#8
Hee Suk Jung, Doo Yun Lee, Joon Suk Park
Recurrent hyperhidrosis after thoracic sympathectomy is an uncomfortable condition, and compensatory hyperhidrosis (CH) is one of the most troublesome side effects. Here, we describe two patients with recurrent palmar hyperhidrosis (PH) and CH over the whole body simultaneously. They were treated with bilateral T4 sympathetic clipping and reconstruction of the sympathetic nerve from a T5 to T8 sympathetic nerve graft, which was transferred to the resected T3 sympathetic bed site. They reported improvements in sweating and were fully satisfied with the results...
March 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434749/clipping-treatment-of-posterior-communicating-artery-aneurysms-associated-with-arteriosclerosis-and-calcification-a-single-center-study-of-136-cases
#9
Lei Shi, Jing Yu, Ying Zhao, Kan Xu, Jinlu Yu
It is widely acknowledged that arteriosclerosis and calcification of the parent artery and aneurysm neck make it difficult to clip posterior communicating artery (PCoA) aneurysms. A total of 136 cases of PCoA aneurysms accompanied by arteriosclerosis and calcification were collected and treated with clipping in the present study. Of the 136 patients, 112 were females (82.4%) and 24 were males (17.6%), with ages ranging from 37 to 76 years (mean age, 60.2 years). Rupture of a PCoA aneurysm was identified in 132 cases (97...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433839/an-accurate-emotion-recognition-system-using-ecg-and-gsr-signals-and-matching-pursuit-method
#10
Atefeh Goshvarpour, Ataollah Abbasi, Ateke Goshvarpour
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the current study was to examine the effectiveness of Matching Pursuit (MP) algorithm in emotion recognition. METHODS: Electrocardiogram (ECG) and galvanic skin responses (GSR) of 11 healthy students were collected while subjects were listening to emotional music clips. Applying three dictionaries, including two wavelet packet dictionaries (Coiflet, and Daubechies) and discrete cosine transform, MP coefficients were extracted from ECG and GSR signals...
December 2017: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433163/letter-to-the-editor-regarding-aneurysm-clip-compression-technique-in-the-surgery-of-aneurysms-with-hard-calcified-neck
#11
Ayhan Kanat, Mehmet Turgut, Oreste de Divitiis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432050/preventing-rescue-surgeries-by-endoscopic-clipping-a-valuable-resource-in-the-surgeon-toolbox
#12
Shanglei Liu, Garth R Jacobsen, Bryan J Sandler, Thomas J Savides, Syed Fehmi, Hans Fuchs, Ran B Luo, Jonathan C Delong, Alisa M Coker, Caitlin Houghton, Santiago Horgan
AIM: Over-the-scope-clip (OTSC) System is a relatively new endoluminal intervention for gastrointestinal (GI) leaks, fistulas, and bleeding. Here, we present a single center experience with the device over the course of 4 years. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was conducted for patients who received endoscopic OTSC treatment. Primary outcome is the resolution of the original indication for clip placement. Secondary outcomes are complications and time to resolution...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430784/editorial-just-clip-it-then-reclip-it-again-expanding-populations-for-transcatheter-mitral-repair-and-options-for-recurrent-mitral-regurgitation
#13
Chad Kliger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430230/mind-the-gap-successful-endoscopic-closure-of-a-large-gastric-sleeve-leak-using-an-endoscopic-stent-and-over-the-scope-clips
#14
Jiannis Anastasiou, Anas Hussameddin, Abdulaziz Al Quorain
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining popularity for the treatment of morbid obesity. It is regarded as a simple, low-cost procedure achieving significant weight loss within a short period of time. LSG is considered a safe procedure with a relatively low complication rate. The complications encountered nevertheless can result in significant morbidity and may even be lethal. The most significant complications are staple-line bleeding, stricture, and staple-line leak. The purpose of this paper is to present a case of a 31-year-old patient complicated by a 3...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429940/review-of-novel-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-techniques-in-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#15
REVIEW
Yeliz Emine Ersoy, Huseyin Kadioglu
Breast cancer patients who present with nodal metastasis receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with increasing frequency and can have complete pathologic response after treatment. In this clinical scenario, sentinel node mapping and biopsy are gaining acceptance instead of axillary dissection to avoid morbidity. Biopsy proven positive lymph nodes must be reliably excised and examined after NAC to further decrease the false negativity rate of sentinel lymph node (SLN) surgery. The standard method for axillary staging in breast cancer patients even after NAC is SLN biopsy (SLNB) with a radioisotope, blue dye, or both (dual technique)...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429924/the-tia1-rna-binding-protein-family-regulates-eif2ak2-mediated-stress-response-and-cell-cycle-progression
#16
Cindy Meyer, Aitor Garzia, Michael Mazzola, Stefanie Gerstberger, Henrik Molina, Thomas Tuschl
TIA1 and TIAL1 encode a family of U-rich element mRNA-binding proteins ubiquitously expressed and conserved in metazoans. Using PAR-CLIP, we determined that both proteins bind target sites with identical specificity in 3' UTRs and introns proximal to 5' as well as 3' splice sites. Double knockout (DKO) of TIA1 and TIAL1 increased target mRNA abundance proportional to the number of binding sites and also caused accumulation of aberrantly spliced mRNAs, most of which are subject to nonsense-mediated decay. Loss of PRKRA by mis-splicing triggered the activation of the double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-activated protein kinase EIF2AK2/PKR and stress granule formation...
January 26, 2018: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429259/-clinical-analysis-for-preset-double-j-tube-in-percutaneous-nephrolithotripsy
#17
F D Bai, H F Wu, J M Wen, N Zhang, Y C Zheng, J M Chen, C J Du
Objective: To evaluate the clinical application and effect of preseting Double-J ureteric stent in percutaneous nephrolithotripsy. Method: 74 cases of renal calculi treated with PCNL in our hospital during June 2014 to February 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 74 cases, 54 was male, 20 was female. All cases were aged 27 to 78, the mean age was (49.5±12.3) years old. The diameter of the stone was 20 to 59 mm, and the mean diameter was of (29.4±4.3) mm.Our Surgical methods was first putingFr6 double J tube in abnormal ureteral in advance in lithotomy position, then indwellingthree-way Foley catheter and clipping drainage port, perfusingirrigation port with 3 000 ml saline from 60-80 cm height...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428774/affect-labeling-and-other-aspects-of-emotional-experiences-in-relation-to-alexithymia-following-standardized-emotion-inductions
#18
Rachel V Aaron, Matthew A Snodgress, Scott D Blain, Sohee Park
Alexithymia is associated with increased risk for mental and physical health disorders but available assessments rely exclusively on self-report. The major aim of the current study was to develop and implement a performance-based task designed to characterize and quantify the relationship between one's description of emotional experience and self-reported alexithymia. Specifically, we examined performance-based measures of affect labeling of one's own emotions, emotional granularity and dialecticism. Healthy participants (N = 108) completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 Item Questionnaire...
February 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426976/fabrication-and-characterization-of-zno-nano-clips-by-the-polyol-mediated-process
#19
Mei Wang, Ai-Dong Li, Ji-Zhou Kong, You-Pin Gong, Chao Zhao, Yue-Feng Tang, Di Wu
ZnO nano-clips with better monodispersion were prepared successfully using zinc acetate hydrate (Zn(OAc)2·nH2O) as Zn source and ethylene glycol (EG) as solvent by a simple solution-based route-polyol process. The effect of solution concentration on the formation of ZnO nano-clips has been investigated deeply. We first prove that the 0.01 M Zn(OAc)2·nH2O can react with EG without added water or alkaline, producing ZnO nano-clips with polycrystalline wurtzite structure at 170 °C. As-synthesized ZnO nano-clips contain a lot of aggregated nanocrystals (~ 5 to 15 nm) with high specific surface area of 88 m2/g...
February 9, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426020/to-clip-or-not-to-clip-can-we-predict-which-patients-with-functional-mitral-regurgitation-will-benefit-from-transcatheter-mitral-valve-repair
#20
EDITORIAL
Stephanie El Hajj, Sheldon E Litwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Failure
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