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pancreatic fistula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899271/the-role-of-transpapillary-drainage-in-management-of-patients-with-pancreatic-fluid-collections-and-pancreatic-duct-disruption-as-a-consequences-of-severe-acute-pancreatitis
#1
EDITORIAL
Mateusz Jagielski, Marian Smoczyński, Krystian Adrych
In last thirty years we have been observing significant development of an endoscopic treatment of pancreatic fluid collections, including transmural drainage of walled-off pancreatic necrosis. Simultaneously, the use of endotherapy in treatment of main pancreatic ducts disruptions has increased. Despite many publications available in current literature, concerning the endoscopic treatment of consequences of acute necrotizing pancreatitis, the role of transpapillary drainage in management of patients with pancreatic fluid collections and pancreatic duct disruption as an after-effect of severe acute pancreatitis remains unclear and is still a current problem...
November 18, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896656/pancreatitis-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-predicts-clinically-relevant-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula
#2
C M Kühlbrey, N Samiei, O Sick, F Makowiec, U T Hopt, U A Wittel
BACKGROUND: Morbidity after pancreas resection is still high with postoperative pancreatic fistulas (POPF) being the most frequent complication. However, exocrine insufficiency seems to protect from POPF. In clinical practice, patients showing increased postoperative systemic amylase concentrations appear to frequently develop POPF. We therefore retrospectively examined the occurrence of systemic amylase increase after pancreas resections and its association with the clinical course. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Perioperative data from 739 consecutive pancreas resections were assessed in a prospectively maintained SPSS database...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893533/half-the-truth-is-often-a-great-lie-over-a-hundred-years-of-controversy-on-pancreatic-fistula-between-pancreaticogastrostomy-and-pancreaticojejunostomy-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#3
Zi Yin, Haosheng Jin, Zhixiang Jian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887016/inferior-vena-caval-filter-strut-perforation-causing-intramural-duodenal-haematoma
#4
Zoheb Berry Williams, Nicole M Organ, Stephen Deane
We present a case of intramural duodenal haematoma caused by inferior vena caval (IVC) filter strut perforation requiring innovative open and endovascular retrieval. A 32-year-old woman presents in shock with dull epigastric pain and non-bilious vomiting. She had previously had an IVC filter for deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Computed tomography demonstrated strut perforation into the second part of the duodenum, causing intramural haematoma and duodenal obstruction. Laparotomy facilitated evacuation of the duodenal haematoma, while the IVC filter was retrieved by endovascular means...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884612/enucleation-a-treatment-alternative-for-branch-duct-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms
#5
Joerg Kaiser, Stefan Fritz, Miriam Klauss, Frank Bergmann, Ulf Hinz, Oliver Strobel, Lutz Schneider, Markus W Büchler, Thilo Hackert
BACKGROUND: Small, asymptomatic, branch-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas are often kept under surveillance despite their malignant potential. The management of branch-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm is controversial with regard to indications and extent of any operative intervention. The present study aimed to evaluate enucleation as an alternative operative approach for branch-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms to exclude and prevent malignancy...
November 21, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884544/pancreas-fistula-risk-prediction-implications-for-hospital-costs-and-payments
#6
Daniel E Abbott, Ching Wei D Tzeng, Matthew T McMillan, Mark P Callery, Tara S Kent, John D Christein, Stephen W Behrman, Daniel P Schauer, Dennis J Hanseman, Mark H Eckman, Charles M Vollmer
BACKGROUND: As payment models evolve, disease-specific risk stratification may impact patient selection and financial outcomes. This study sought to determine whether a validated clinical risk score for post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) could predict hospital costs, payments, and profit margins. METHODS: A multi-institutional cohort of 1193 patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) were matched to an independent hospital where cost, in US$, and payment data existed...
November 21, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879141/-complete-mesocolic-excision-during-right-hemicolectomy
#7
V Procházka, A Zetelová, T Grolich, L Frola, Z Kala
INTRODUCTION: Complete mesocolic excision (CME) ensures the removal of all sentinel and regional lymph nodes during colon cancer surgery. For right-sided hemicolectomy it is essential to dissect the wall of vena mesenterica superior, which increases the risk of injuring surrounding organs. So far, no randomized studies comparing long-term oncological results of standard right hemicolectomy and hemicolectomy with CME have been published. METHOD: 83 patients operated for colon carcinoma in 2014 and 2015 were included in this study, all of them undergoing right-sided hemicolectomy using laparotomy access...
2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871680/clinical-significance-of-circumportal-pancreas-a-rare-congenital-anomaly-in-pancreatectomy
#8
Takao Ohtsuka, Yasuhisa Mori, Kousei Ishigami, Takaaki Fujimoto, Yoshihiro Miyasaka, Kohei Nakata, Kenoki Ohuchida, Eishi Nagai, Yoshinao Oda, Shuji Shimizu, Masafumi Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Circumportal pancreas is a rare congenital pancreatic anomaly. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical characteristics of patients with circumportal pancreases undergoing pancreatectomy. METHODS: The medical records of 508 patients who underwent pancreatectomy were retrospectively reviewed. The prevalence of circumportal pancreas and related anatomical variations were assessed. Surgical procedures and postoperative outcomes were compared in patients with and without circumportal pancreas...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865590/sphincter-of-oddi-botulinum-toxin-injection-to-prevent-pancreatic-fistula-after-distal-pancreatectomy
#9
Thilo Hackert, Ulla Klaiber, Ulf Hinz, Tzveta Kehayova, Pascal Probst, Phillip Knebel, Markus K Diener, Lutz Schneider, Oliver Strobel, Christoph W Michalski, Alexis Ulrich, Peter Sauer, Markus W Büchler
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula represents the most important complication after distal pancreatectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a preoperative endoscopic injection of botulinum toxin into the sphincter of Oddi to prevent postoperative pancreatic fistula (German Clinical Trials Register number: DRKS00007885). METHODS: This was an investigator-initiated, prospective clinical phase I/II trial with an exploratory study design. We included patients who underwent preoperative endoscopic sphincter botulinum toxin injection (100 units of Botox)...
November 16, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865280/postpancreatectomy-complications-and-management
#10
REVIEW
Giuseppe Malleo, Charles M Vollmer
Although mortality rates after pancreatectomy have decreased, the incidence of postoperative morbidity remains high. The major procedure-related complications are pancreatic fistula, delayed gastric emptying, and postpancreatectomy hemorrhage. The International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery defined leading complications in a standardized fashion, allowing unbiased comparison of operative results and management strategies. Risk factors for postoperative complications have been investigated and quantitative scoring systems established to estimate patient-specific risks...
December 2016: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863775/operation-for-insulinomas-in-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-1-when-pancreatoduodenectomy-is-appropriate
#11
Francesco Tonelli, Francesco Giudici, Gabriella Nesi, Giacomo Batignani, Maria Luisa Brandi
BACKGROUND: Distal pancreatectomy is the most frequent operation for insulinomas complicating multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 insulinoma, although there are conditions for which a different operative approach might be preferable. In this article, we report the operative experience of a referral center for multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 insulinoma. METHODS: Twelve patients underwent operations between 1992 and 2015: 8 underwent a distal pancreatic resection, and 4 underwent a pancreatoduodenectomy...
November 15, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861351/small-amounts-of-tissue-preserve-pancreatic-function-long-term-follow-up-study-of-middle-segment-preserving-pancreatectomy
#12
Zipeng Lu, Jie Yin, Jishu Wei, Cuncai Dai, Junli Wu, Wentao Gao, Qing Xu, Hao Dai, Qiang Li, Feng Guo, Jianmin Chen, Chunhua Xi, Pengfei Wu, Kai Zhang, Kuirong Jiang, Yi Miao
Middle-segment preserving pancreatectomy (MPP) is a novel procedure for treating multifocal lesions of the pancreas while preserving pancreatic function. However, long-term pancreatic function after this procedure remains unclear.The aims of this current study are to investigate short- and long-term outcomes, especially long-term pancreatic endocrine function, after MPP.From September 2011 to December 2015, 7 patients underwent MPP in our institution, and 5 cases with long-term outcomes were further analyzed in a retrospective manner...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861347/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-nasobiliary-drainage-versus-biliary-stenting-in-malignant-biliary-obstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Huapeng Lin, Shengwei Li, Xi Liu
BACKGROUND: Preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) has been widely used to treat patients with malignant biliary obstruction. However, it is still unclear which method of PBD (endoscopic nasobiliary drainage or endoscopic biliary stenting) is more effective. Thus, we carried out a meta-analysis to compare the safety and efficacy of endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) and endoscopic biliary stenting (EBS) in malignant biliary obstruction in terms of preoperative and postoperative complications...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849671/randomized-controlled-trial-of-pancreaticojejunostomy-versus-stapler-closure-of-the-pancreatic-stump-during-distal-pancreatectomy-to-reduce-pancreatic-fistula
#14
Ragini Kilambi, Anand Narayan Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849663/pancreatic-fistula-following-distal-pancreatectomies-it-s-better-not-looking-for-it
#15
Uirá F Teixeira, Marcos B Goldoni, Fábio L Waechter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849328/early-post-traumatic-splenic-arteriovenous-fistula-in-the-pancreatic-arcade-diagnosis-by-volume-rendered-3d-reconstruction-images
#16
Junya Tsurukiri, Hidefumi Sano, Hoshiai Akira, Naoyuki Kaneko
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of splenic vessels is rare. It is most commonly caused by spontaneous rupture of an extant splenic artery aneurysm into an adjacent vein, or by traumatic or iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm. Blunt abdominal trauma can sometimes lead to vascular damage to spleen, resulting in AVF formation. Presently described is case of an elderly patient with high-grade splenic injury. Early post-traumatic AVF was detected by volume-rendered 3D reconstruction using fused arterial and venous phase computed tomography (CT) images...
September 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847798/does-the-abdominal-ultrasonography-reliable-in-the-diagnosis-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-in-the-first-postoperative-week
#17
Erdem Kinaci, Mert Mahsuni Sevinc, Savas Bayrak, Ceyda Turan Bektas, Aytul Hande Yardimci, Abdulkerim Ozakay
PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy of ultrasonography (US) in the early postoperative period after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) to diagnose postoperative-pancreatic-fistula (POPF). Early diagnosis is important to prevent POPF-dependent mortality after PD. The value of radiological modalities for early diagnosing POPF is not clear. METHODS: Forty-five patients who underwent transabdominal-US in the first postoperative week after PD were retrospectively evaluated...
November 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847797/the-natural-course-of-pancreatic-fistula-and-fluid-collection-after-distal-pancreatectomy-is-drain-insertion-needed
#18
Ye Rim Chang, Mee Joo Kang, Hongbeom Kim, Jin-Young Jang, Sun-Whe Kim
PURPOSE: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is one of the most common and clinically relevant complications after distal pancreatectomy. Some aspects of POPF management remain controversial. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the natural course of POPF and fluid collection after distal pancreatectomy and to reappraise the necessity of intraoperative abdominal drainage insertion. METHODS: For recent 10 years, 264 distal pancreatectomies were performed at Seoul National University Hospital...
November 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847668/large-bowel-obstruction-a-delayed-complication-of-severe-gallstone-pancreatitis
#19
Neeraj Lal, John Whiting, Rahul Hejmadi, Sudarsanam Raman
Colonic complications are rare after acute pancreatitis but are associated with a high mortality. Possible complications include mechanical obstruction, ischaemic necrosis, haemorrhage, and fistula. We report a case of large bowel obstruction in a 31-year-old postpartum female, secondary to severe gallstone pancreatitis. The patient required emergency laparotomy and segmental bowel resection, as well as cholecystectomy. Presentation of obstruction occurs during the acute episode or can be delayed for several weeks...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846166/the-use-of-interventional-radiology-techniques-in-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-fistula
#20
Tomasz Miłek, Krzysztof Baranowski, Robert Petryka, Piotr Ciostek
: One of the complications of pancreatic disease is the formation of pancreatic fistulae. The presence of fistula leads to body wasting and cachexia. The standard treatment is intubation of the Wirsung duct and in cases where there are no improvements the next proposed form of treatment is surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of pancreatic fistula closure using interventional radiology techniques. In 2009 to 2014, 46 patients diagnosed with pancreatic fistula were treated with interventional radiology techniques...
November 14, 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
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