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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321996/endoscopic-treatment-of-a-pancreaticopleural-fistula-associated-with-a-tension-hydrothorax
#1
Eric Wee, Constantinos Anastassiades, Benjamin Cherng Hann Yip
A pancreatic pleural effusion arising from a pancreaticopleural fistula is a rare complication of pancreatitis. It has been reported to occur in about 0.4% of pancreatitis cases.(1) A pancreaticopleural fistula develops when the pancreatic duct is disrupted.
March 21, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321709/intra-operative-amylase-concentration-in-peri-pancreatic-fluid-predicts-pancreatic-fistula-after-distal-pancreatectomy
#2
Christopher B Nahm, Philip R de Reuver, Thomas J Hugh, Andrew Pearson, Anthony J Gill, Jaswinder S Samra, Anubhav Mittal
Post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a potentially severe complication following distal pancreatectomy. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of intra-operative amylase concentration (IOAC) in peri-pancreatic fluid after distal pancreatectomy for the diagnosis of POPF. Consecutive patients who underwent a distal pancreatectomy between November 2014 and September 2016 were included in the analysis. IOAC was measured, followed by drain fluid analysis for amylase on post-operative days (PODs) 1, 3, and 5...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324164/novel-intraoperative-use-of-the-tensipresser-to-assess-factors-predictive-of-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#3
Manabu Mikamori, Kunihito Gotoh, Hidenori Takahashi, Hirofumi Akita, Akira Tomokuni, Shogo Kobayashi, Masayuki Ohue, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara, Masahiko Yano, Osamu Ishikawa, Masato Sakon
PURPOSES: Pancreatic fistula (PF) is a challenging complication of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). 'Soft pancreas' is reported as a risk factor for PF; however, palpation by the surgeon is not an objective method of evaluating pancreatic texture. We conducted this study to investigate whether a texture analyzer called a "Tensipresser" can be used to quantify pancreatic tissue hardness and predict the development of postoperative PF. METHODS: We assessed pancreatic texture in 85 patients who underwent PD...
March 21, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318008/meta-analysis-of-prophylactic-abdominal-drainage-in-pancreatic-surgery
#4
REVIEW
F J Hüttner, P Probst, P Knebel, O Strobel, T Hackert, A Ulrich, M W Büchler, M K Diener
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal drains are frequently used after pancreatic surgery whereas their benefit in other gastrointestinal operations has been questioned. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare abdominal drainage with no drainage after pancreatic surgery. METHODS: PubMed, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science electronic databases were searched systematically to identify RCTs comparing abdominal drainage with no drainage after pancreatic surgery...
March 20, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317044/an-intuitive-method-of-duct-to-mucosa-pancreaticojejunostomy-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-use-of-one-step-circumferential-interrupted-sutures
#5
Moonwhan Kim, Woo Young Shin, Keon-Young Lee, Seung-Ik Ahn
Pancreaticoenteric anastomosis is the origin of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Although a variety of methods have been proposed to decrease the POPF rate, randomized controlled trials performed so far have failed to demonstrate superiority of any particular method to the others. Cattell-Warren duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) is a widely practiced procedure. Their method is challenging, especially when the pancreatic duct is small. We assumed that the difficulty resides in the pancreatic duct becoming difficult to access when the posterior row is tied before suturing the anterior row...
February 2017: Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316311/pancreaticoduodenectomy-can-be-performed-safely-with-rare-employment-of-surgical-drains
#6
John W Kunstman, Lee F Starker, James M Healy, Ronald R Salem
Use of drain remains frequent following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) due to concern for postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and anastomotic leak development. Despite controversy, a recent randomized trial suggested omitting drainage would result in a large increase in operative mortality. This study sought to comprehensively examine the effects of forgoing drainage in the large cohort of patients undergoing PD. A prospective cohort study of two consecutive groups undergoing PD was constructed. The initial group had operative drains placed in cases subjectively concerning for POPF development; the second cohort did not undergo operative drainage...
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316225/-the-clinical-impact-of-artery-first-approach-combined-with-vascular-resection-and-reconstruction-in-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-head-carcinoma
#7
J L Huang, W G Li, F Z Chen, Z J Su, F M Li, B Liu
Objective: To evaluate the application of artery first, combined vascular resection and reconstruction in the treatment of pancreatic head carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 13 patients with pancreatic head cancer were retrospectively analyzed from February 2014 to March 2016 in the Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University. Preoperative computed tomography of high resolution layer or magnetic resonance imaging examination demonstrated pancreatic head carcinoma, as well as close adhesion, stenosis, compression or displacement of superior mesenteric vein or portal vein wall...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306647/pasireotide-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-time-to-curb-the-enthusiasm
#8
Laura Maggino, Charles M Vollmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303871/-endoscopic-pancreatic-stenting-in-pancreatic-fistulas-management
#9
S A Budzinsky, S G Shapoval'yants, E D Fedorov, A V Shabrin
AIM: To present 18-year experience of endoscopic transpapillary stenting in patients with pancreatic fistula. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 48 patients with pancreatic fistula resistant to conservative management. Pancreatic stenting was successful in 32 (66.7%) patients. In 30 (93.8%) of them stenting appeared as the final stage of pancreatic fistula treatment. RESULTS: Inclidence of complications after endoscopic treatment was 4...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298641/risk-factors-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-in-patients-after-distal-pancreatectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Yun-Peng Peng, Xiao-Le Zhu, Ling-Di Yin, Yi Zhu, Ji-Shu Wei, Jun-Li Wu, Yi Miao
Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a common complication following distal pancreatectomy (DP). However, the risk factors of this complication in patients after DP still remain controversial. The aim of our study is to estimate the association between potential risk factors and POPF. Relevant articles published up to June 21, 2016 were identified via PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Library. Studies that examined the risk factors of POPF following DP were enrolled. 20 articles (2070 patients) were finally included in this study...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297830/-ct-typing-and-surgical-approach-for-adenocarcinoma-of-the-esophagogastric-junction
#11
Y Z Zhao, G S Han, P F Ma, J Li, C Y Liu, M K Huo
Objective: To investigate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of preoperative CT in the classification of adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction. Methods: A total of 517 consecutive patients from May 2012 to June 2016 with esophagogastric junction carcinoma in the department of general surgery of Henan Cancer Hospital was retrospectively analyzed, according to the clinical pathological data of three type four layer method and statistics of various types of surgery in patients with preoperative enhanced CT...
March 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296660/reply-to-letter-risk-adjusted-outcomes-of-clinically-relevant-pancreatic-fistula-following-pancreatoduodenectomy-a-model-for-performance-evaluation
#12
Matthew T McMillan, Laura Maggino, Brett L Ecker, Charles M Vollmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293098/preventing-pancreatic-fistula-after-distal-pancreatectomy-an-invagination-method
#13
Nagato Katsura, Yasuhiro Kawai, Takashi Gomi, Kenji Okumura, Takahiko Hoashi, Seijun Fukuda, Katsushi Takebayashi, Kenji Shimizu, Masugi Satoh
Following an increase in the use of the GIA stapler for treating a pancreatic stump, more techniques to prevent postoperative pancreatic juice leakage have been required. We describe one successful case using our new technique of invaginating the cut end of the pancreas into the stomach to prevent a pancreatic fistula (PF) from occurring. A 50-year-old woman with pancreatic cancer in the tail of the pancreas underwent distal pancreatectomy, causing a grade A PF. We resected the distal pancreas without additional reinforcement to invaginate the stump into the gastric posterior wall with single layer anastomosis using a 3-0 absorbable suture...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292633/the-outcomes-of-the-pancreaticoduodenectomy-in-patients-aged-80-or-older-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Sandy Y Kim, Laurence Weinberg, Christopher Christophi, Mehrdad Nikfarjam
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing needed to consider pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for the treatment of pancreatic and periampullary malignancy in patients aged 80 and over, given the increasing aging population. METHODS: A systematic literature search was undertaken to identify selected studies that compared the outcomes of patients aged 80 years or over to those younger undergoing PD. RESULTS: In total 18 studies were included for evaluation...
March 11, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289542/complications-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-are-associated-with-higher-amounts-of-intra-and-postoperative-fluid-therapy-a-single-center-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Birte Kulemann, Marianne Fritz, Torben Glatz, Goran Marjanovic, Olivia Sick, Ulrich T Hopt, Jens Hoeppner, Frank Makowiec
BACKGROUND: Perioperative mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy has decreased significantly in high-volume centers, but morbidity remains high. Restrictive perioperative fluid management may contribute to reduced complication rates after various surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a correlation between the amount of fluid administered and postoperative complications. We hypothesized that higher amounts of intra- and total fluid is associated with greater postoperative morbidity...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286566/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-mitochondrial-disorders-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Josef Finsterer, Marlies Frank
Mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) due to respiratory-chain defects or nonrespiratory chain defects are usually multisystem conditions [mitochondrial multiorgan disorder syndrome (MIMODS)] affecting the central nervous system (CNS), peripheral nervous system, eyes, ears, endocrine organs, heart, kidneys, bone marrow, lungs, arteries, and also the intestinal tract. Frequent gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of MIDs include poor appetite, gastroesophageal sphincter dysfunction, constipation, dysphagia, vomiting, gastroparesis, GI pseudo-obstruction, diarrhea, or pancreatitis and hepatopathy...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286020/a-modified-technique-of-pancreaticogastrostomy-with-short-internal-stent-a-single-surgeon-s-experience
#17
Pei Yi Yap, Jung Shan Hwang, Jan Jin Bong
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Pancreaticogastrostomy (PG) as a reconstruction method after pancreaticoduodenectomy is a safe and optional surgical technique in decreasing the risk of POPF. In this study, a retrospective analysis was carried out to evaluate a new modification of PG technique that uses a two-layer anastomoses with an internal stent. METHODS: Forty-seven patients underwent this newly modified PG technique between February 2012 and August 2016...
March 10, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285538/the-prospective-of-laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-cancer-management
#18
REVIEW
Hendi Maher, Weiwei Jin, Yiping Mou, Henry Davies
Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) is an extremely challenging surgery. First described in 1994, LPD has been gaining a favorable position in the majority of pancreatic surgery. Now, LPD is worldwide accepted. A literature search was conducted in PubMed, and only papers written in English containing more than 26 publications of LPD were selected. Papers in distal and robotic pancreatic procedure were not included in the review of a total of 222 LPD publications. The total number of patients analyzed was 1,082 from 25 articles and the largest series...
February 2017: Chinese Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285387/development-and-external-validation-of-preoperative-risk-models-for-operative-morbidities-after-total-gastrectomy-using-a-japanese-web-based-nationwide-registry
#19
Hirotoshi Kikuchi, Hiroaki Miyata, Hiroyuki Konno, Kinji Kamiya, Ai Tomotaki, Mitsukazu Gotoh, Go Wakabayashi, Masaki Mori
BACKGROUND: Total gastrectomy is a relatively difficult and invasive procedure among gastrointestinal surgeries, and major morbidities following total gastrectomy can be serious and fatal. This study aimed to develop and validate preoperative risk models of morbidities associated with total gastrectomy using a Japanese web-based nationwide registry. METHODS: The national clinical database was used to retrieve the records of 39,253 patients who underwent total gastrectomy in 1,841 hospitals between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2012...
March 11, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278493/management-and-outcomes-of-pancreatic-resections-performed-in-high-volume-referral-and-low-volume-community-hospitals-lead-by-surgeons-who-shared-the-same-mentor-the-importance-of-training
#20
Giovanni Capretti, Gianpaolo Balzano, Luca Gianotti, Marco Stella, Giovanni Ferrari, Paolo Baccari, Walter Zuliani, Marco Braga, Alessandro Zerbi
BACKGROUND: High hospital volume improves outcomes after pancreatic resection. The aim of this study was to assess if practice and outcomes differed between high- and low-volume centers across which chief surgeons shared a similar training and mentoring. METHODS: Data on patients undergoing standard pancreatic resections (2010-2013) at 7 Italian hospitals were collected. Chiefs of pancreatic surgery at each hospital had received the same training, with the same mentor...
March 10, 2017: Digestive Surgery
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