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Childhood nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527745/early-life-protein-intake-food-sources-correlates-and-tracking-across-the-first-5-years-of-life
#1
Karen J Campbell, Gavin Abbott, Miaobing Zheng, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: High consumption of protein has been associated with accelerated growth and adiposity in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To describe intake, food sources, correlates, and tracking of protein in young children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT). Dietary data were collected using three 24-hour dietary recalls at ages 9 and 18 months as well as 3.5 and 5 years. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: First-time mothers and their child (n=542) participated in an 18-month intervention to prevent childhood obesity and the cohort was followed-up with no intervention when children were aged 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526280/an-overview-of-medical-risk-factors-for-childhood-psychosis-implications-for-research-and-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Marianna Giannitelli, Angèle Consoli, Marie Raffin, Renaud Jardri, Douglas F Levinson, David Cohen, Claudine Laurent-Levinson
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders in childhood and early adolescence often progress to chronic schizophrenia, but in many cases there are diagnosable medical and genetic causes or risk factors. We reviewed our clinical experience and the relevant literature to identify these factors and to define their clinical features, appropriate work-up and treatment. METHOD: We reviewed the results of comprehensive medical evaluations of 160 psychotic children and adolescents in our center...
May 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521318/breastfeeding-childhood-asthma-and-allergic-disease
#3
Wendy H Oddy
The worldwide prevalence of childhood asthma has been increasing considerably, and the protection afforded by breastfeeding in its development has been the subject of controversy for more than 80 years. Previous systematic reviews have generally found a protective effect of breastfeeding on allergic outcomes, although many studies have methodological limitations. Although breastfeeding is protective against lower respiratory tract infection during infancy, such protection has not been demonstrated for asthma in all studies...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509895/-chronic-malnutrition-among-children-under-five-in-peru-a-spatial-analysis-of-nutritional-data-2010-2016
#4
Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Elena Tapia-López
OBJECTIVE: Peru has implemented various strategies seeking to improve nutritional indicators in children under five years old. However, high prevalence of malnutrition in some regions still remains. The aim of this study was to assess changes in regional prevalence and to determine the presence of district conglomerates with a high prevalence of chronic childhood malnutrition (CCM) in 2010 and 2016. METHODS: A comparative descriptive analysis by regions and a district-level spatial analysis were conducted employing indicators reported by the Nutritional Status Information System...
May 19, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505568/the-structural-relationship-between-early-nutrition-cognitive-skills-and-non-cognitive-skills-in-four-developing-countries
#5
Alan Sánchez
This study provides evidence about how cognitive and non-cognitive skills are acquired during childhood in four developing countries (Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam), highlighting the role of early nutrition as a determinant in this process. An increase of one standard deviation in height-for-age at the age of 1 is found to have a total effect on cognitive skills at age 8 by 5.4 percent in Ethiopia, 9.0 percent in India, 7.6 percent in Peru and 8.4 percent in Vietnam. The corresponding total effect on non-cognitive skills is 1...
April 17, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503507/nutritional-status-of-korean-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#6
Bo Young Jang, So Young Bu
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with an elevated risk for obesity but this seems to be paradoxical to the fact that many youths with ADHD have symptoms of hyperactivity. People diagnosed with ADHD tend to have a high risk of developing undesirable diet habits and consequently have health related problems. However, less attention has been paid to obesity in ADHD while many efforts have been devoted to the prevention of childhood obesity in mentally normal people. Hence the purpose of this study was to explore the nutritional status and life habits of children and adolescents with ADHD (n = 76) based on degree of obesity by utilizing the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data from 2005-2013...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497917/does-breast-feeding-relate-to-development-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-young-korean-children-based-on-the-fourth-and-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#7
Kyung Suk Lee, Yeong Ho Rha, In Hwan Oh, Yong Sung Choi, Young Eun Kim, Sun Hee Choi
PURPOSE: There have been conflicting reports concerning the relationship between breast-feeding and the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) in early childhood. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between breast-feeding and the risk of AD in early childhood in Korea. METHODS: We combined the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data collected from 2007 to 2012 and analyzed 2,015 children at 1 to 3 years old...
July 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497839/evaluation-of-the-association-between-the-tas1r2-and-tas1r3-variants-and-food-intake-and-nutritional-status-in-children
#8
Silvia V Melo, Grasiela Agnes, Márcia R Vitolo, Vanessa S Mattevi, Paula D B Campagnolo, Silvana Almeida
Taste perception plays a key role in determining individual food preferences and dietary habits and may influence nutritional status. This study aimed to investigate the association of TAS1R2 (Ile191Val - rs35874116) and TAS1R3 (-1266 C/T - rs35744813) variants with food intake and nutritional status in children followed from birth until 7.7 years old. The nutritional status and food intake data of 312 children were collected at three developmental stages (1, 3.9 and 7.7 years old). DNA was extracted from blood samples and the polymorphisms were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reactions (qPCR) using hydrolysis probes as the detection method...
May 11, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494608/parenteral-nutrition-in-childhood-and-consequences-for-dentition-and-gingivae
#9
D Olczak-Kowalczyk, M Danko, E Banaś, D Gozdowski, K Popińska, E Krasuska-Sławińska, J Książyk
AIM: Assessment of dentition in children under parenteral nutrition, risk factors for caries, and dental developmental abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 63 patients (aged 2.25-16.6 years), i.e. 32 subjects receiving parenteral nutrition for a mean period of 5.6±2.94 years, and 31 healthy control subjects. Oral hygiene (OHI-S, PL-I), gingival (GI), and dentition status (caries, DMFT/dmft, enamel defects, shape alterations), frequency of oral meals and frequency of cariogenic snacks consumption were evaluated...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489673/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#10
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The prevalence of paediatric NAFLD continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487842/dietary-primary-prevention-of-allergic-diseases-in-children-the-philippine-guidelines
#11
REVIEW
Marysia Stella T Recto, Maria Lourdes G Genuino, Mary Anne R Castor, Roxanne J Casis-Hao, Diana R Tamondong-Lachica, Maria Imelda V Sales, Marilou G Tan, Karen S Mondonedo, Regina C Dionisio-Capulong
Allergic diseases, such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema, and food allergy, are preventable diseases. Primary prevention strategies of allergic diseases have been in scrutiny. Effective prevention strategies maybe started prenatally, postnatally, during infancy, and even during childhood. These guidelines have been prepared by the Philippine Society of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology and the Philippine Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. They aim to provide evidence-based recommendations for the dietary primary prevention of allergic diseases in children...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482842/contextual-influences-affecting-patterns-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-university-students-a-50-universities-population-based-study-in-china
#12
Tingzhong Yang, Lingwei Yu, Ross Barnett, Shuhan Jiang, Sihui Peng, Yafeng Fan, Lu Li
BACKGROUND: Many studies have examined childhood and adolescent obesity, but few have examined young adults and the effect of their home and current living environments on prevalence rates. The present study explores contextual factors affecting overweight and obesity among university students in China and, in particular, focuses on how the SES-obesity relationship varies across different geographical contexts. METHODS: Participants were 11,673 students, who were identified through a multistage survey sampling process conducted in 50 universities...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481251/association-between-picky-eating-behaviors-and-nutritional-status-in-early-childhood-performance-of-a-picky-eating-behavior-questionnaire
#13
Kyung Min Kwon, Jae Eun Shim, Minji Kang, Hee-Young Paik
Picky eating behaviors are frequently observed in childhood, leading to concern that an unbalanced and inadequate diet will result in unfavorable growth outcomes. However, the association between picky eating behaviors and nutritional status has not been investigated in detail. This study was conducted to assess eating behaviors and growth of children aged 1-5 years from the Seoul Metropolitan area. Primary caregivers completed self-administered questionnaires and 3-day diet records. Differences in the nutrient intake and growth indices between picky and non-picky eaters were tested by analysis of covariance...
May 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480514/maternal-care-mediates-the-effects-of-nutrition-and-responsive-stimulation-interventions-on-young-children-s-growth
#14
N Brown, J E Finch, J Obradović, A K Yousafzai
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition contributes to at least half the estimated six million annual childhood deaths worldwide. Furthermore, one in three children fails to meet their developmental potential because of risks including stunting, illness, under-stimulation, poor responsive interactions and maternal depressive symptoms. Our study investigates the role of caregiving processes on children's height-for-age at 2 and 4 years. METHODS: The Pakistan Early Child Development Scale-up study assessed the longitudinal effectiveness of early nutrition and responsive stimulation interventions on growth and development at 4 years of age...
May 7, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471396/under-5-energize-tracking-progress-of-a-preschool-nutrition-and-physical-activity-programme-with-regional-measures-of-body-size-and-dental-health-at-age-of-four-years
#15
Elaine Rush, Vladimir Obolonkin, Leanne Young, Madeleine Kirk, Marilyn Tseng
To reduce weight gain and encourage healthy eating including reduced sugar intake, Under 5 Energize (U5E) was introduced to 121 early-childhood-centres in the Waikato region of New Zealand in July 2013. Using anonymized data collected from January 2013 to September 2016 through free physical assessments of all 4-year-olds provided by the NZ Ministry of Health, the prevalence of obesity and dental decay children measured in the Waikato region was examined. Data were divided into four periods representing pre-implementation and 3 years of gradual implementation...
May 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468870/evidence-based-approaches-to-childhood-stunting-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#16
Muttaquina Hossain, Nuzhat Choudhury, Khaleda Adib Binte Abdullah, Prasenjit Mondal, Alan A Jackson, Judd Walson, Tahmeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: We systematically evaluated health and nutrition programmes to identify context-specific interventional packages that might help to prioritise the implementation of programmes for reducing stunting in low and middle income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Electronic databases were used to systematically review the literature published between 1980 and 2015. Additional articles were identified from the reference lists and grey literature. Programmes were identified in which nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions had been implemented for children under 5 years of age in LMICs...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467004/chances-and-limitations-of-video-games-in-the-fight-against-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Isabelle Mack, Carolin Bayer, Norbert Schäffeler, Nadine Reiband, Ellen Brölz, Guido Zurstiege, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Caterina Gawrilow, Stephan Zipfel
OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted to assess the chances and limitations of video games to combat and prevent childhood obesity. This search included studies with video or computer games targeting nutrition, physical activity and obesity for children between 7 and 15 years of age. RESULTS: The study distinguished between games that aimed to (i) improve knowledge about nutrition, eating habits and exercise; (ii) increase physical activity; or (iii) combine both approaches...
May 3, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466982/introduction-to-proceedings-of-healthy-futures-engaging-the-oral-health-community-in-childhood-obesity-prevention-national-conference
#18
Norman Tinanoff, Katrina Holt
OBJECTIVES: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has worked to ensure that all children have healthy weights. To promote this goal, the RWJF has supported the Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention National Conference, held on November 3-4, 2016, and the proceeding of this conference. The goals of the conference were to increase understanding of the science focusing on oral health and childhood obesity, increase understanding of how to prevent childhood obesity, and provide opportunities to network and plan activities to prevent childhood obesity...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465303/epidemiology-of-blindness-in-children
#19
REVIEW
Ameenat Lola Solebo, Lucinda Teoh, Jugnoo Rahi
An estimated 14 million of the world's children are blind. A blind child is more likely to live in socioeconomic deprivation, to be more frequently hospitalised during childhood and to die in childhood than a child not living with blindness. This update of a previous review on childhood visual impairment focuses on emerging therapies for children with severe visual disability (severe visual impairment and blindness or SVI/BL).For children in higher income countries, cerebral visual impairment and optic nerve anomalies remain the most common causes of SVI/BL, while retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and cataract are now the most common avoidable causes...
May 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464867/a-community-based-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-different-bundles-of-nutrition-specific-interventions-in-improving-mean-length-for-age-z-score-among-children-at-24%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-rural-bangladesh-study-protocol
#20
Sk Masum Billah, Tarana E Ferdous, Mohd Anisul Karim, Michael J Dibley, Shahreen Raihana, Md Moinuddin, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed, D M Emdadul Hoque, Purnima Menon, Shams El Arifeen
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of stunting among under-five children in Bangladesh is 36%, varying with geographic and socio-economic characteristics. Previously, research groups statistically modelled the effect of 10 individual nutrition-specific interventions targeting the critical first 1000 days of life from conception, on lives saved and costs incurred in countries with the highest burden of stunted children. However, primary research on the combined effects of these interventions is limited...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
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