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Childhood nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922238/parental-perception-and-child-s-nutritional-status
#1
S Songül Yalçın, Esra Serdaroğlu, O Tolga İnce
Childhood obesity is a health hazard increasing worldwide. Preschool period which is under supervision of parents is a critical period to detect overweight and take precautions. We studied the factors affecting parental estimation of their preschool child's weight. Three hundred sixty seven mothers completed questionnaires consisting of child's and parents' anthropometric measurements, parents' assessment of their child's and their own weight status, and general information about their lifestyle. Mothers also chose their wish for current and future body image of their child from child drawings representing percentiles...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912741/impact-of-a-school-based-intervention-on-nutritional-education-and-physical-activity-in-primary-public-schools-in-chile-kind-programme-study-protocol-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Nelly Bustos, Sonia Olivares, Bárbara Leyton, Marcelo Cano, Cecilia Albala
BACKGROUND: Chile has suffered a fast increase in childhood obesity in the last 10 years. As a result, several school programmes have been implemented, however the effectiveness of these needs to be evaluated to identify and prioritize strategies to curve this trend. METHODS: Cluster randomized controlled trial. Twelve primary public schools chosen at random over three regions of the country will take part in this study. The sample size consisted of a total of 1,655 children...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909557/eating-habits-physical-activity-nutrition-knowledge-and-self-efficacy-by-obesity-status-in-upper-grade-elementary-school-students
#3
Seong Ah Ha, Seo Yeon Lee, Kyung A Kim, Jung Sook Seo, Cheong Min Sohn, Hae Ryun Park, Kyung Won Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity has increased in recent decades in Korea. This study was designed to examine differences in the eating habits, physical activity (PA), nutrition knowledge, and self-efficacy of children by obesity status. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 5th-grade children from 70 elementary schools in 17 cities nationwide. Two-stage stratified cluster sampling was employed. Survey questionnaire included items related to general characteristics, eating habits, PA, nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899799/population-health-based-approaches-to-utilizing-digital-technology-a-strategy-for-equity
#4
Garth N Graham, MaryLynn Ostrowski, Alyse B Sabina
Health care disparities and high chronic disease rates burden many communities and disproportionally impact racial/ethnic populations in the United States. These disparities vary geographically, increase health care expenses, and result in shortened lifespans. Digital technologies may be one tool for addressing health disparities and improving population health by increasing individuals' access to health information-especially as most low-income U.S. residents gain access to smartphones. The Aetna Foundation partners with organizations to use digital technologies, including mobile applications, data collection, and related platforms, for learning and sharing...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#5
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885294/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-among-mothers-at-chapagaun-vdc
#6
D Basnet
BACKGROUND: Since childhood under nutrition and mortality are high in Nepal, promotion of infant and young child feeding practices among children is most critical intervention,which contributes to improved nutrition, health and development of children ultimately having impact on child survival. The objective of the study was to identify infant and young child feeding practices. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among mothers visiting Chapagaun Primary Health Care and Resource Centre (PHCRC) with child aged 6-23 months between January1-14, 2016...
May 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884168/ataxia-telangiectasia-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Cynthia Rothblum-Oviatt, Jennifer Wright, Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Sharon A McGrath-Morrow, Thomas O Crawford, Howard M Lederman
DEFINITION OF THE DISEASE: Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) is an autosomal recessive disorder primarily characterized by cerebellar degeneration, telangiectasia, immunodeficiency, cancer susceptibility and radiation sensitivity. A-T is often referred to as a genome instability or DNA damage response syndrome. EPIDEMIOLOGY: The world-wide prevalence of A-T is estimated to be between 1 in 40,000 and 1 in 100,000 live births. CLINICAL DESCRIPTION: A-T is a complex disorder with substantial variability in the severity of features between affected individuals, and at different ages...
November 25, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882862/milk-and-dairy-products-good-or-bad-for-human-health-an-assessment-of-the-totality-of-scientific-evidence
#8
REVIEW
Tanja Kongerslev Thorning, Anne Raben, Tine Tholstrup, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Ian Givens, Arne Astrup
BACKGROUND: There is scepticism about health effects of dairy products in the public, which is reflected in an increasing intake of plant-based drinks, for example, from soy, rice, almond, or oat. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to assess the scientific evidence mainly from meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised controlled trials, on dairy intake and risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cancer, and all-cause mortality...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876321/an-exploration-of-how-mexican-american-wic-mothers-obtain-information-about-behaviors-associated-with-childhood-obesity-risk
#9
Rachel E Davis, Suzanne M Cole, Shannon J McKenney-Shubert, Sonya J Jones, Karen E Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To explore how a sample of Mexican American mothers with preschool-aged children recruited from a Midwestern Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinic obtained information about 4 behaviors associated with childhood obesity risk: eating, physical activity, screen time, and sleep. DESIGN: One-on-one structured interviews in which participants were asked how they communicated with family, learned to take care of their first infant, and obtained information about the 4 targeted behaviors for their preschool-aged child...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873221/one-size-may-not-fit-all-how-obesity-among-mexican-origin-youth-varies-by-generation-gender-and-age
#10
Michelle L Frisco, Susana Quiros, Jennifer Van Hook
Immigrants' health (dis)advantages are increasingly recognized as not being uniform, leading to calls for studies investigating whether immigrant health outcomes are dependent on factors that exacerbate health risks. We answer this call, considering an outcome with competing evidence about immigrants' vulnerability versus risk: childhood obesity. More specifically, we investigate obesity among three generations of Mexican-origin youth relative to one another and to U.S.-born whites. We posit that risk is dependent on the intersection of generational status, gender, and age, which all influence exposure to U...
December 2016: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870305/bad-times-slimmer-children
#11
Cristina Bellés-Obrero, Sergi Jiménez-Martín, Judit Vall-Castello
Although the majority of the literature has confirmed that recessions are beneficial for adults' health and babies' outcomes at delivery, this effect should not necessarily be the same for children. In this paper, we study the effect of business cycle conditions on infant underweight, overweight, and obesity. We exploit eight waves of repeated cross-sectional data (1987-2012) of the Spanish National Health Survey for children aged 2-15 and use the regional unemployment rate of the trimester of the interview as a proxy for the business cycle phase at the local level...
November 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869693/putting-the-barker-theory-into-the-future-time-to-act-on-preventing-pediatric-obesity
#12
EDITORIAL
Angelo Pietrobelli, Massimo Agosti, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti, The MeNu Group
Growth and development are key characteristics of childhood and sensitive markers of health and adequate nutrition. The first 1000 days of life-conception through 24 months of age-represent a fundamental period for development and thus the prevention of childhood obesity and its adverse consequences is mandatory. There are many growth drivers during this complex phase of life, such as nutrition, genetic and epigenetic factors, and hormonal regulation. The challenge thus involves maximizing the potential for normal growth without increasing the risk of associated disorders...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866388/increasing-prevalence-of-us-elementary-school-gardens-but-disparities-reduce-opportunities-for-disadvantaged-students
#13
Lindsey Turner, Meghan Eliason, Anna Sandoval, Frank J Chaloupka
BACKGROUND: We examined the prevalence of school garden programs at US public elementary schools. The study examined time trends, demographic and regional disparities, and associations with related programs such as farm-to-school. METHODS: Annual surveys were gathered from nationally representative samples of elementary schools between 2006-2007 and 2013-2014. Annual samples ranged from 553 to 748 schools. RESULTS: The prevalence of gardens increased steadily from 11...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864405/prenatal-exposure-to-mercury-and-neuropsychological-development-in-young-children-the-role-of-fish-consumption
#14
Sabrina Llop, Ferran Ballester, Mario Murcia, Joan Forns, Adonina Tardon, Ainara Andiarena, Jesús Vioque, Jesús Ibarluzea, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Jordi Sunyer, Jordi Julvez, Marisa Rebagliato, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa
BACKGROUND: Vulnerability of the central nervous system to mercury exposure is increased during early development. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between prenatal exposure to mercury and child neuropsychological development in high-fish-intake areas in Spain. METHODS: Study subjects were 1362 children, participants in the INMA (Environment and Childhood) birth cohort study. Cord blood total mercury (CB-Hg) and cord polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) concentrations were analysed in samples collected between 2004 and 2008...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864163/developing-a-web-based-weight-management-program-for-childhood-cancer-survivors-rationale-and-methods
#15
Fang Fang Zhang, Susan Meagher, Michael Scheurer, Sara Folta, Emily Finnan, Kerry Criss, Christina Economos, ZoAnn Dreyer, Michael Kelly
BACKGROUND: Due to advances in the field of oncology, survival rates for children with cancer have improved significantly. However, these childhood cancer survivors are at a higher risk for obesity and cardiovascular diseases and for developing these conditions at an earlier age. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we describe the rationale, conceptual framework, development process, novel components, and delivery plan of a behavioral intervention program for preventing unhealthy weight gain in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)...
November 18, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855143/trends-in-obesity-among-participants-aged-2-4-years-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-united-states-2000-2014
#16
Liping Pan, David S Freedman, Andrea J Sharma, Karen Castellanos-Brown, Sohyun Park, Ray B Smith, Heidi M Blanck
Childhood obesity is associated with negative health consequences in childhood (1) that continue into adulthood (2), putting adults at risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain cancers (1). Obesity disproportionately affects children from low-income families (3). Through a collaboration with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), CDC has begun to use data from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Participants and Program Characteristics (WIC PC) to replace the Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PedNSS) (4,5) for obesity surveillance among young children from low-income families...
November 18, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854496/parent-and-clinician-perspectives-on-sustained-behavior-change-after-a-prenatal-obesity-program-a-qualitative-study
#17
Emily F Gregory, Matthew A Goldshore, Nakiya N Showell, Marquita C Genies, Mariel E Harding, Janice L Henderson
BACKGROUND: Infants of obese women are at a high risk for development of obesity. Prenatal interventions targeting gestational weight gain among obese women have not demonstrated consistent benefits for infant growth trajectories. METHODS: To better understand why such programs may not influence infant growth, qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 mothers who participated in a prenatal nutrition intervention for women with BMI 30 kg/m(2) or greater, and with 19 clinicians (13 pediatric, 6 obstetrical)...
November 17, 2016: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852704/complementary-feeding-and-the-early-origins-of-obesity-risk-a-study-protocol
#18
Naleena Devi Muniandy, Pascale A Allotey, Ireneous N Soyiri, Daniel D Reidpath
INTRODUCTION: The rise in the prevalence of childhood obesity worldwide calls for an intervention earlier in the life cycle. Studies show that nutrition during early infancy may contribute to later obesity. Hence, this study is designed to determine if the variation in complementary feeding practices poses a risk for the development of obesity later in life. A mixed methods approach will be used in conducting this study. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The target participants are infants born from January to June 2015 in the South East Asia Community Observatory (SEACO) platform...
November 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852266/trends-and-determinants-of-inequities-in-childhood-stunting-in-bangladesh-from-1996-7-to-2014
#19
Atonu Rabbani, Akib Khan, Sifat Yusuf, Alayne Adams
BACKGROUND: We explore long-term trends and determinants of socioeconomic inequities in chronic childhood undernutrition measured by stunting among under-five children in Bangladesh. Given that one in three children remain stunted in Bangladesh, the socioeconomic mapping of stunting prevalence may be critical in designing public policies and interventions to eradicate childhood undernutrition. METHODS: Six rounds of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey data are utilized, spanning the period 1996/97 to 2014...
November 16, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849226/association-between-maternal-lifestyle-and-preschool-nutrition
#20
Érica Bezerra Nobre, Alexandra Valéria Maria Brentani, Alexandre Archanjo Ferraro
Introduction: Many of the health behaviors involved in the emergence of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCD) are originated in childhood under parental influence. Mothers are the ones most involved in the education and health care of children. Lifestyle (LS) is a social determinant of health. Very few studies tried to understand the influence of maternal LS on child nutrition. Objective: To verify the association between maternal behavioral and non-behavioral LS and nutritional aspects in preschool children...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
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