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Childhood nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814258/management-of-complicated-pneumonia-in-childhood-a-review-of-recent-literature
#1
John B Darby, Amrita Singh, Ricardo Quinonez
BACKGROUND: Despite declining rates of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children, complicated pneumonia has been on the rise in the last two decades. The management of complicated pneumonia is challenging and continues to be an area of investigation. Despite recently published guidelines, many gaps exist and recent studies attempt to answer challenging questions. OBJECTIVE: To review recently published literature to inform the clinician on the most up to date management of complicated pneumonia in children...
August 16, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808808/ketogenic-diet-versus-gluten-free-casein-free-diet-in-autistic-children-a-case-control-study
#2
Omnia El-Rashidy, Farida El-Baz, Yasmin El-Gendy, Randa Khalaf, Dina Reda, Khaled Saad
Many diet regimens were studied for patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) over the past few years. Ketogenic diet is gaining attention due to its proven effect on neurological conditions like epilepsy in children. Forty-five children aged 3-8 years diagnosed with ASD based on DSM-5 criteria were enrolled in this study. Patients were equally divided into 3 groups, first group received ketogenic diet as modified Atkins diet (MAD), second group received gluten free casein free (GFCF) diet and the third group received balanced nutrition and served as a control group...
August 14, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802303/body-image-weight-management-behavior-nutritional-knowledge-and-dietary-habits-in-high-school-boys-in-korea-and-china
#3
Hwajin Hyun, Hongmie Lee, Yoona Ro, Heewon L Gray, Kyunghee Song
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is an important period with rapid physical growth transitioning from childhood to adulthood. Distorted body image can result in eating disorders or inadequate nutrient intakes in adolescence. Limited research has been done with high school boys in both Korea and China. OBJECTIVES: To examine body image, weight control behaviors, nutritional knowledge, and dietary habits in Korean and Chinese teenage boys, and to evaluate any differences in these measures between two countries...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802211/research-priority-setting-for-integrated-early-child-development-and-violence-prevention-ecd-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-expert-opinion-exercise
#4
Mark Tomlinson, Mark Jordans, Harriet MacMillan, Theresa Betancourt, Xanthe Hunt, Christopher Mikton
Child development in low and middle income countries (LMIC) is compromised by multiple risk factors. Reducing children's exposure to harmful events is essential for early childhood development (ECD). In particular, preventing violence against children - a highly prevalent risk factor that negatively affects optimal child development - should be an intervention priority. We used the Child Health and Nutrition Initiative (CHNRI) method for the setting of research priorities in integrated Early Childhood Development and violence prevention programs (ECD+)...
August 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800318/mir-513c-suppresses-neuroblastoma-cell-migration-invasion-and-proliferation-through-direct-targeting-glutaminase-gls
#5
Hong-Liang Xia, Yao Lv, Chun-Wei Xu, Ming-Cui Fu, Ting Zhang, Xiang-Ming Yan, Shu Dai, Qian-Wei Xiong, Yun Zhou, Jian Wang, Xu Cao
Neuroblastoma is a brain malignancy of childhood and accounts for 7-10% of childhood cancers, leading to approximately 15% of pediatric cancer deaths. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a family of short (about 18-25 nucleotides), noncoding and single stranded endogenous RNAs, which complementarily bind to the 3' untranslated regions of their target genes. Recently, glutamine metabolism has been recognized as an important nutrition source for tumor cells, and hence targeting glutamine metabolism could benefit to development of anti-cancer agents...
July 2, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800116/maintaining-traditions-a-qualitative-study-of-early-childhood-caries-risk-and-protective-factors-in-an-indigenous-community
#6
Ana Levin, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, Anita Hargrave, Elizabeth Funsch, Kristin S Hoeft
In lower middle-income economies (LMIE), the nutrition transition from traditional diets to sugary foods and beverages has contributed to widespread early childhood dental caries. This qualitative study explores perceived risk and protective factors, and overall experiences of early childhood nutrition and oral health in indigenous Ecuadorian families participating in a community-based oral health and nutrition intervention. Dental exams of 698 children age 6 months through 6 years determined each child's caries burden...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798151/socioeconomic-differences-in-children-s-growth-trajectories-from-infancy-to-early-adulthood-evidence-from-four-european-countries
#7
Cathal McCrory, Neil O'Leary, Silvia Fraga, Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Henrique Barros, Noora Kartiosuo, Olli Raitakari, Mika Kivimäki, Paolo Vineis, Richard Layte
BACKGROUND: Height is regarded as a marker of early-life illness, adversity, nutrition and psychosocial stress, but the extent to which differences in height are determined by early-life socioeconomic circumstances, particularly in contemporary populations, is unclear. This study examined socioeconomic differences in children's height trajectories from birth through to 21 years of age in four European countries. METHODS: Data were from six prospective cohort studies-Generation XXI, Growing Up in Ireland (infant and child cohorts), Millennium Cohort Study, EPITeen and Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study-comprising a total of 49 492 children with growth measured repeatedly from 1980 to 2014...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796984/allergens-and-food-additives-including-potentially-harmful-ones-present-in-food-products-that-are-preferred-by-children-and-adolescents
#8
Sandra Budrewicz, Marcin Banaszczak, Jakub Piotrowski, Maja Czerwińska, Ewa Stachowska
INTRODUCTION: The proper development of a child is linked with proper nutrition, including nutritional habits which are formed from childhood. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to establish a list of the most popular food products among children and to develop a register of potentially dangerous substances on a Facebook website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A website was created on Facebook. The participants provided lists of favorite dishes or products...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792480/the-role-of-nutritional-aspects-in-food-allergy-prevention-and-management
#9
REVIEW
Alessandra Mazzocchi, Carina Venter, Kate Maslin, Carlo Agostoni
The prevalence of food allergy in childhood appears to be increasing in both developed and transitional countries. The aim of this paper is to review and summarise key findings in the prevention and management of food allergy, focusing on the role of dietary components and nutritional habits in the development and optimal functioning of the immune system. Essential fatty acids, zinc and vitamin D are likely to enhance the anti-inflammatory and antioxidative barrier and promote immunologic tolerance. Additionally, nutritional components such as pre- and probiotics represent a novel research approach in the attempt to induce a tolerogenic immune environment...
August 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783056/diet-quality-throughout-early-life-in-relation-to-allergic-sensitization-and-atopic-diseases-in-childhood
#10
Anh N Nguyen, Niels J Elbert, Suzanne G M A Pasmans, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Nicolette W de Jong, Henriëtte A Moll, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Johan C de Jongste, Oscar H Franco, Liesbeth Duijts, Trudy Voortman
Early-life nutrition is an important modifiable determinant in the development of a child's immune system, and may thereby influence the risk of allergic sensitization and atopic diseases. However, associations between overall dietary patterns and atopic diseases in childhood remain unclear. We examined associations of diet quality in early life with allergic sensitization, self-reported physician-diagnosed inhalant and food allergies, eczema, and asthma among 5225 children participating in a population-based cohort in the Netherlands...
August 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780991/a-simple-method-for-identification-of-misreporting-of-energy-intake-from-infancy-to-school-age-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Delphina Gomes, Veronica Luque, Annick Xhonneux, Elvira Verduci, Piotr Socha, Berthold Koletzko, Ursula Berger, Veit Grote
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Misreporting is a major source of reporting bias in nutritional surveys. It can affect the analysis of associations between diet and disease. Although various methods have been proposed to identify misreporting, their application to infants and young children is difficult. We identify misreporting of energy intake in infants and young children and propose a simplified approach. METHODS: 1199 children were enrolled in the Childhood Obesity Programme (CHOP) based in 5 European countries (Belgium, Germany, Italy, Poland and Spain) with repeated measurements of 3-day weighed food protocol and anthropometric indices at 10 time points between ages 1-96 months...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777971/vegetarian-diets-and-depressive-symptoms-among-men
#12
Joseph R Hibbeln, Kate Northstone, Jonathan Evans, Jean Golding
BACKGROUND: Vegetarian diets are associate with cardiovascular and other health benefits, but little is known about mental health benefits or risks. AIMS: To determine whether self-identification of vegetarian dietary habits is associated with significant depressive symptoms in men. METHOD: Self-report data from 9668 adult male partners of pregnant women in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) included identification as vegetarian or vegan, dietary frequency data and the Edinburgh Post Natal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776604/the-role-of-diet-physical-activity-body-fatness-and-breastfeeding-in-breast-cancer-in-young-women-epidemiological-evidence
#13
I Isabelle Romieu, A Amadou, V Chajes
The incidence of breast cancer (BC) is rising worldwide, with an increase in aggressive neoplasias in young women. Traditionally, BC in young women has been thought to be etiologically driven, primarily by genetic/hereditary factors. However, these factors explain only a small proportion of BCs, pointing to a role of the environment. Suspected factors responsible for this increase include lifestyle changes, notably alcohol consumption, diet with high intake of refined carbohydrates and saturated fat and low intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), fiber and vitamins (such as folate, vitamin D, and carotenoids), low physical activity, and body fatness, all of which may act from childhood and adolescent years through adulthood...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774231/why-are-our-children-wasting-determinants-of-wasting-among-under-5s-in-ghana
#14
Eugene Kofuor Maafo Darteh, Evelyn Acquah, Florie Darteh
BACKGROUND: Wasting is one of the indicators of malnutrition known to contribute to the deaths occurring from childhood malnutrition. It is the measure of body mass in relation to body length used to explain recent nutritional status. AIM: This paper examines the determinants of wasting among under 5s in Ghana. METHOD: Data were drawn from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey children's records file to examine the determinants of wasting among children...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771408/promoting-early-child-development-with-interventions-in-health-and-nutrition-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Tyler Vaivada, Michelle F Gaffey, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
CONTEXT: Although effective health and nutrition interventions for reducing child mortality and morbidity exist, direct evidence of effects on cognitive, motor, and psychosocial development is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To review existing evidence for health and nutrition interventions affecting direct measures of (and pathways to) early child development. DATA SOURCES: Reviews and recent overviews of interventions across the continuum of care and component studies...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770464/long-term-follow-up-in-a-girl-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-diabetes-since-the-first-year-of-life
#16
Valentina Fattorusso, Alida Casale, Valeria Raia, Enza Mozzillo, Adriana Franzese
Diabetes mellitus is the most common comorbidity in cystic fibrosis (CF). Recently, more attention has been paid to early glucose metabolism derangements (GMDs). The subject of this report is a female patient, affected by CF since 3 months of age. She presented with intermittent diabetes during early childhood. At the age of 10 years, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed and showed glucose intolerance (IGT) status; glargine insulin therapy was started. At the age of 13 years, CF-related diabetes with fasting hyperglycemia occurred, so rapid insulin at meals was added...
August 2, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768611/a-smartphone-app-for-families-with-preschool-aged-children-in-a-public-nutrition-program-prototype-development-and-beta-testing
#17
Pamela Hull, Janice S Emerson, Meghan E Quirk, Juan R Canedo, Jessica L Jones, Violetta Vylegzhanina, Douglas C Schmidt, Shelagh A Mulvaney, Bettina M Beech, Chiquita Briley, Calvin Harris, Baqar A Husaini
BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in the United States provides free supplemental food and nutrition education to low-income mothers and children under age 5 years. Childhood obesity prevalence is higher among preschool children in the WIC program compared to other children, and WIC improves dietary quality among low-income children. The Children Eating Well (CHEW) smartphone app was developed in English and Spanish for WIC-participating families with preschool-aged children as a home-based intervention to reinforce WIC nutrition education and help prevent childhood obesity...
August 2, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764675/the-role-of-cognitive-stimulation-at-home-in-low-income-preschoolers-nutrition-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index
#18
Saskia Op den Bosch, Helena Duch
BACKGROUND: Early childhood obesity disproportionately affects children of low socioeconomic status. Children attending Head Start are reported to have an obesity rate of 17.9%.This longitudinal study aimed to understand the relationship between cognitive stimulation at home and intake of junk food, physical activity and body size, for a nationally representative sample of 3- and 4-year old children entering Head Start. METHODS: We used The Family and Child Experiences Survey 2006...
August 1, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764669/determinants-of-childhood-stunting-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-further-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-survey-2013-14
#19
Hallgeir Kismul, Pawan Acharya, Mala Ali Mapatano, Anne Hatløy
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of child stunting in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is among the highest in the world. There is a need to systematically investigate how stunting operates at different levels of determination and identify major factors contributing to the development of stunting. The aim of this study was to look for key determinants of stunting in the DRC. METHODS: This study used data from the DRC Demographic Health Survey 2013-14 which included anthropometric measurement for 9030 under 5 year children...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760785/food-insecurity-and-maternal-child-nutritional-status-in-mexico-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-2012
#20
Teresa Shamah-Levy, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Carmen Morales-Ruan, Lucia Cuevas-Nasu, Ignacio Méndez-Gómez-Humarán, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between household food insecurity (HFI) and risk of childhood stunting and to determine whether this association is modified by maternal-child overweight/obesity. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data come from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2012 by its initials in Spanish), representative of rural and urban areas. PARTICIPANTS: Our study sample included 5087 mother-preschool child pairs and 7181 mother-schoolchild pairs...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
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