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Childhood nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037529/the-relationship-between-tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-airflow-obstruction-in-us-children-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#1
Stacey-Ann Whittaker Brown, Bian Liu, Emanuela Taioli
BACKGROUND: It has been difficult to determine the individual impact of pre and post-natal childhood tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) on childhood lung function, as children are often exposed to both. AIMS: To determine the association between current TSE, as measured by serum cotinine levels, and airflow obstruction (defined as the ratio of forced expiratory volume in one second and the forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) less than the lower limit of normal), while adjusting for self-reported prenatal TSE...
October 13, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026735/the-association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-obesity-in-korean-children-an-analysis-of-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#2
Hae Jeong Lee, Sung Hoon Kim, Seo Heui Choi, Ju Suk Lee
PURPOSE: Obesity is one of the most common health problems among children and its prevalence has increased in recent decades. Socioeconomic status (SES) is a well-known risk factor for childhood obesity although the associations were different across countries. Previous studies in other countries have reported a positive association between childhood obesity and SES in developing countries, and inverse correlation has been reported in developed countries. For this reason, we wanted to investigate the relationship between SES and obesity in Korean children...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023158/healthy-families-a-family-based-community-intervention-to-address-childhood-obesity
#3
Danae Dinkel, Melissa Tibbits, Emily Hanigan, Kelly Nielsen, Leah Jorgensen, Kay Grant
The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Healthy Families, a family-based community intervention, in improving the knowledge, self-efficacy, and health behaviors of overweight/obese children and their families as well as to explore the lessons learned. Results showed families who completed the program had significant improvements for children and parents in areas such as nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy in making healthy eating choices as well as participating in physical activity...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022752/nutritional-characteristics-of-the-diets-of-child-and-adolescent-cancer-survivors
#4
Julia Ferrari Carneiro Teixeira, Priscila Dos Santos Maia-Lemos, Luciana Pellegrini Pisani
PURPOSE: Diseases associated with prior treatment, such as obesity, have been described in cancer survivors. Recent studies have shown that current estimates of overweight do not differ from that in the general population, suggesting the influence of environmental factors, such as dietary intake. In this context, there is increasing interest in the examination of health behaviors that may modify and reduce the risk of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the characteristics of dietary intake among child cancer survivors living in a developing country...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020216/outpatient-management-of-children-with-world-health-organization-chest-indrawing-pneumonia-implementation-risks-and-proposed-solutions
#5
Eric D McCollum, Amy Sarah Ginsburg
This Viewpoints article details our recommendation for the World Health Organization Integrated Management of Childhood Illness guidelines to consider additional referral or daily monitoring criteria for children with chest indrawing pneumonia in low-resource settings. We review chest indrawing physiology in children and relate this to the risk of adverse pneumonia outcomes. We believe there is sufficient evidence to support referring or daily monitoring of children with chest indrawing pneumonia and signs of severe respiratory distress, oxygen saturation <93% (when not at high altitude), moderate malnutrition, or an unknown human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status in an HIV-endemic setting...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018984/selenium-status-of-children-in-kashin-beck-disease-endemic-areas-in-shaanxi-china-assessment-with-mercury
#6
Buyun Du, Jun Zhou, Jing Zhou
The causes of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) in children are multifactorial, and particular consideration has been given to childhood selenium (Se) deficiency. In this study, dietary intake of Se and mercury (Hg) was determined at KBD areas to investigate the Se status and risks. Therefore, total Hg and Se levels were investigated in scalp hair samples and in daily intake food samples of 150 schoolchildren in Yongshou County of Shaanxi, China. The results showed that the average concentration of Se in children's hair has risen to 302 ng g(-1) and significantly increased compared to the data reported decades ago...
October 10, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018583/effects-of-nutrition-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-low-birth-weight-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#7
Katharina da Silva Lopes, Erika Ota, Prakash Shakya, Amarjargal Dagvadorj, Olukunmi Omobolanle Balogun, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Luz Maria De-Regil, Rintaro Mori
INTRODUCTION: Low birth weight (LBW, birth weight less than 2500 g) is associated with infant mortality and childhood morbidity. Poor maternal nutritional status is one of several contributing factors to LBW. We systematically reviewed the evidence for nutrition-specific (addressing the immediate determinants of nutrition) and nutrition-sensitive (addressing the underlying cause of undernutrition) interventions to reduce the risk of LBW and/or its components: preterm birth (PTB) and small-for-gestational age (SGA)...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016586/preference-of-food-items-and-physical-activity-of-peri-urban-children-in-bhaktapur
#8
Abhinav Vaidya, Natalia Oli, Alexandra Krettek, Gabriele Eiben
BACKGROUND: Though cardiovascular diseases are mostly seen in adulthood, the foundation of diet and physical activity is largely formed during childhood. The study aimed to explore children's preference for diet and physical activity in a peri-urban area of Nepal because this is an important dimension to explore in the life-course approach to combat non-communicable diseases. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to enquire young peri-urban children of Duwakot and Jhaukhel villages of Bhaktapur district, Nepal on their preferences for diet and physical activity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994742/blood-lead-levels-and-learning-disabilities-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-2003-2004-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#9
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Mark R Geier
Difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematical abilities are present among persons diagnosed with learning disabilities (LDs). Previous studies suggest a significant relationship between lead (Pb) exposure and LDs. This study evaluated the potential dose-response relationship between blood Pb levels and the risk of LDs. This cross-sectional study examined 1411 children (32,788,743 weighted-persons) between 6 and 15 years old from the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) by analyzing demographics, health related-questions, and laboratory tests using survey logistic and frequency modeling in SAS...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992513/evaluation-of-second-step-child-protection-videos-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Amanda B Nickerson, Jennifer A Livingston, Kimberly Kamper-DeMarco
This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examined the effects of the Second Step Child Protection Unit videos on parents' knowledge, motivation, and self-reported communication with their child about personal safety and childhood sexual abuse prevention. Parents of children between the ages of 3-11 years were randomly assigned to the intervention (watching the Second Step videos) or the control (watching videos on child obesity) groups. They completed measures assessing their knowledge of child sexual abuse (CSA), motivation to discuss CSA, self-reported discussions of CSA, child history of victimization, parent exposure to CSA, and comparable measures on topics of health and nutrition at pre-test...
October 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991146/effect-of-caregiver-training-on-the-neurodevelopment-of-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-and-caregiver-mental-health-a-ugandan-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Michael J Boivin, Noeline Nakasujja, Itziar Familiar-Lopez, Sarah M Murray, Alla Sikorskii, Jorem Awadu, Cilly Shohet, Deborah Givon, Horacio Ruiseñor-Escudero, Elizabeth E Schut, Robert O Opoka, Judith K Bass
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood development programs typically combine healthy nutrition and cognitive stimulation in an integrated model. We separately delivered these 2 components in a cluster-randomized controlled trial to evaluate their comparative effectiveness in promoting healthy child development and caregiver mental health. This is the first study to do so for HIV-affected children and their infected mothers. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-one HIV-exposed but uninfected child (2-3 years old) and caregiver dyads in 18 geographic clusters in Eastern Uganda were randomized by cluster to receive biweekly individualized sessions of either (1) Mediational Intervention for Sensitizing Caregivers (MISC) training emphasizing cognitive stimulation or (2) Uganda Community Based Association for Child Welfare (UCOBAC) program that delivered health and nutrition training...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987864/food-stories-unraveling-the-mechanisms-underlying-healthful-eating
#12
Emily Swan, Laura Bouwman, Noelle Aarts, Leah Rosen, Gerrit Jan Hiddink, Maria Koelen
The biomedical model of health (BMH) studies the causes and origins of disease. When applied to nutrition research, eating is studied as a behavior that supports physical health. However, the lack of attention the BMH pays to social and historical circumstances in which health behaviors are constructed has been widely addressed in literature. When people are studied without considering contextual influences, the relevance to everyday life is limited. As a result, how individuals actively deal with their context to manage healthful eating is poorly understood...
October 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980942/effects-of-water-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions-on-telomere-length-among-children-in-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#13
Audrie Lin, Benjamin F Arnold, Andrew N Mertens, Jue Lin, Jade Benjamin-Chung, Shahjahan Ali, Alan E Hubbard, Christine P Stewart, Abul K Shoab, Md Ziaur Rahman, Md Saheen Hossen, Palash Mutsuddi, Syeda L Famida, Salma Akther, Mahbubur Rahman, Leanne Unicomb, Firdaus S Dhabhar, Lia C H Fernald, John M Colford, Stephen P Luby
BACKGROUND: Shorter childhood telomere length (TL) and more rapid TL attrition are widely regarded as manifestations of stress. However, the potential effects of health interventions on child TL are unknown. We hypothesized that a water, sanitation, handwashing (WSH), and nutritional intervention would slow TL attrition during the first two years of life. METHODS: In a trial in rural Bangladesh (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01590095), we randomized geographical clusters of pregnant women into individual water treatment, sanitation, handwashing, nutrition, combined WSH, combined nutrition plus WSH (N+WSH), or control arms...
October 5, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977181/actions-of-the-school-health-program-and-school-meals-in-the-prevention-of-childhood-overweight-experience-in-the-municipality-of-itapevi-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil-2014
#14
Mariangela da Silva Alves Batista, Lenise Mondini, Patrícia Constante Jaime
OBJECTIVE: to describe the experience in the municipality of Itapevi-SP, Brazil, within the framework of School Health Program and school meals related to overweight prevention. METHODS: this cross-sectional study comprised 21 public schools of the first cycle of Primary School who adhered to the School Health Program; the diagnoses, based on 2014 data, included the students' nutritional status, qualitative analysis of school meals, and inclusion of themes related to nutrition and physical activities in curricular and extracurricular activities...
July 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977131/use-of-warfarin-in-pediatrics-clinical-and-pharmacological-characteristics
#15
Bruna Bergmann Santos, Isabela Heineck, Giovanna Webster Negretto
OBJECTIVE: To describe how children respond to oral anticoagulation with warfarin, verifying the influence of age, clinical condition, route of administration of warfarin and use of total parenteral nutrition (TPN), as well as to describe risk factors for the occurrence of thrombotic events (TE) in childhood. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study including all patients ≤18 years old for whom warfarin was prescribed in a university hospital. Patients were divided according to clinical condition, age, route of medication administration and use of TPN...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969507/societal-costs-of-micronutrient-deficiencies-in-6-to-59-month-old-children-in-pakistan
#16
Simon Wieser, Beatrice Brunner, Christina Tzogiou, Rafael Plessow, Michael B Zimmermann, Jessica Farebrother, Sajid Soofi, Zaid Bhatti, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: In Pakistan, nearly half of children younger than 5 years are stunted and 1 in 3 is underweight. Micronutrient deficiencies, a less visible form of undernutrition, are also endemic. They may lead to increased morbidity and mortality as well as to impaired cognitive and physical development. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the lifetime costs of micronutrient deficiencies in Pakistani children aged between 6 and 59 months. METHODS: We develop a health economic model of the lifetime health and cost consequences of iodine, iron, vitamin A, and zinc deficiencies...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969465/feasibility-of-a-clinic-community-partnership-to-treat-childhood-obesity
#17
Maria Andrews, Carolyn Sawyer, Leah Frerichs, Asheley Cockrell Skinner, Jessica Hoffman, Kiah Gaskin, Sarah Armstrong
BACKGROUND: "Bull City Fit" is a childhood obesity treatment partnership between Duke Children's pediatric weight management clinic and Durham Department of Parks and Recreation. OBJECTIVES: Report on feasibility and implementation, characteristics of participants, and predictors of attendance. METHODS: Mixed methods study consisting of (1) a retrospective cohort analysis (n = 171) reporting demographic, attendance, and clinical data and (2) structured focus groups among stakeholders to identify implementation facilitators and barriers...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960913/willingness-to-pay-for-small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-for-women-and-children-evidence-from-ghana-and-malawi
#18
Katherine P Adams, Stephen A Vosti, Emmanuel Ayifah, Thokozani E Phiri, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Kenneth Maleta, Ulla Ashorn, Mary Arimond, Kathryn G Dewey
Small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) are designed to enrich maternal and child diets with the objective of preventing undernutrition during the first 1,000 days. Scaling up the delivery of supplements such as SQ-LNS hinges on understanding private demand and creatively leveraging policy-relevant factors that might influence demand. We used longitudinal stated willingness-to-pay (WTP) data from contingent valuation studies that were integrated into randomized controlled nutrition trials in Ghana and Malawi to estimate private valuation of SQ-LNS during pregnancy, postpartum, and early childhood...
September 28, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960764/social-marketing-approaches-to-nutrition-and-physical-activity-interventions-in-early-care-and-education-centres-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
C T Luecking, H Hennink-Kaminski, C Ihekweazu, A Vaughn, S Mazzucca, D S Ward
INTRODUCTION: Social marketing is a promising planning approach for influencing voluntary lifestyle behaviours, but its application to nutrition and physical activity interventions in the early care and education setting remains unknown. METHODS: PubMed, ISI Web of Science, PsycInfo and the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health were systematically searched to identify interventions targeting nutrition and/or physical activity behaviours of children enrolled in early care centres between 1994 and 2016...
September 29, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959436/expanding-the-population-coverage-of-evidence-based-interventions-with-community-health-workers-to-save-the-lives-of-mothers-and-children-an-analysis-of-potential-global-impact-using-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#20
Victoria B Chou, Ingrid K Friberg, Mervyn Christian, Neff Walker, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: Evidence has been accumulating that community health workers (CHWs) providing evidence-based interventions as part of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) can lead to reductions in maternal, neonatal and child mortality. However, investments to strengthen and scale-up CHW programs still remain modest. METHODS: We used the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) to estimate the number of maternal, neonatal and child deaths and stillbirths that could be prevented if 73 countries effectively scaled up the population coverage of 30 evidence-based interventions that CHWs can deliver in these high-burden countries...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
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