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Childhood nutrition

Anu Haaramo, Heikki Alapulli, Liisa Aine, Jetta Tuokkola, Ulla Saarnisto, Risto P Roine, Anne Pitkäranta, Kaija-Leena Kolho
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of pediatric patients with Crohn's disease (CD) report oral manifestations, but less is known about their oral health when they become adults. GOALS: Our aim was to provide detailed descriptions of the presence of oral and otorhinolaryngological manifestations in patients with pediatric onset CD once they reached adulthood, to look for predisposing factors and to compare the findings to matched controls. STUDY: Adult patients diagnosed with CD in childhood at the Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki, Finland, after 2000 were invited for a follow-up appointment in 2016 and 24 were examined by a dentist and otorhinolaryngologist...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
E Delvin, M Boisvert, M-A Lecours, Y Théorêt, M Kaufmann, G Jones, E Levy
This article describes data related to a companion research paper entitled "Vitamin D nutritional status and bone turnover biomarkers in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL) survivors." (Delvin et al., submitted for publication) [1]. Various methods for the measurement of serum 25OHD3 , the accepted biomarker for assessing vitamin D nutritional status, have been described (Le Goff et al., 2015; Jensen et al., 2016) [2], [3]. This article describes a novel mass spectrometry-QTOF method for the quantification of circulating 25OHD3 , 3-epi-25OHD3 and 24,25(OH)2 D3 ...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Zhifei He, Ghose Bishwajit, Dongsheng Zou, Sanni Yaya, Zhaohui Cheng, Yan Zhou
Having access to improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) facilities constitute a key component of healthy living and quality of life. Prolonged exposure to insanitary living conditions can significantly enhance the burden of infectious diseases among children and affect nutritional status and growth. In this study we examined the prevalence of some common infectious diseases/disease symptoms of childhood among under-five children in Nigeria, and the association between the occurrence of these diseases with household’s access to WASH facilities...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Andrew Abreo, Tebeb Gebretsadik, Cosby A Stone, Tina V Hartert
Childhood asthma is responsible for significant morbidity and health care expenditures in the United States. The incidence of asthma is greatest in early childhood, and the prevalence is projected to continue rising in the absence of prevention and intervention measures. The prevention of asthma will likely require a multifaceted intervention strategy; however, few randomized controlled trials have assessed such approaches. The purpose of this review was to use previous meta-analyses to identify the most impactful risk factors for asthma development and evaluate the effect of risk factor reduction on future childhood asthma prevalence...
June 11, 2018: Clinical and Translational Medicine
Sowmya Rajan, S Philip Morgan
We use data from India's National Family Health Survey (conducted in 1992-93, 1998-99, and 2005-06) to study gender discrimination across India among children aged 0-35 months. We focus on four measures of parental investment: (1) immunization, (2) received medical treatment for acute respiratory infection (ARI), (3) breastfed beyond 17 months, and (4) severe stunting. We contrast generalized discrimination that affects all daughters (vs. sons) with selective discrimination that posits enhanced discrimination among daughters who have sisters...
June 2018: Population and Development Review
Jennifer E Pelletier, Asha Hassan, Ann P Zukoski, Katie Loth
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity experts have identified licensed child care providers as a focus for prevention efforts. Since 2011, local public health agencies in Minnesota have provided training and support to child care providers to assist in implementation of weight-related policies and practices as part of Minnesota's Statewide Health Improvement Partnership (SHIP). METHOD: A representative sample of licensed child care centers and family home providers in Minnesota participated in a 2016 survey of policies and practices on child nutrition, infant feeding, and physical activity ( n = 618, response rate = 38...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Badhma Valaiyapathi, Barbara Gower, Ambika P Ashraf
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (DM) in children is disturbingly increasing in parallel with increasing childhood obesity. Better knowledge regarding the pathophysiology of type 2 DM in children is paramount to devise an effective management plan. OBJECTIVE: Discuss the pathophysiology of type 2 DM in children and adolescents Methods and results: This is a comprehensive review of the literature on this topic. Type 2 DM in childhood is viewed as a continuum of insulin resistance (IR) which is determined by an underlying genetic predisposition, intrauterine environment, excessive food consumption, continued rapid weight gain, and poor lifestyle...
June 7, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
Michael O Mireku, Leslie L Davidson, Romeo Zoumenou, Achille Massougbodji, Michel Cot, Florence Bodeau-Livinec
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between prenatal geophagy, maternal prenatal haematological indices, malaria, helminth infections and cognitive and motor development among offspring. METHODS: At least a year after delivery, 552 of 863 HIV-negative mothers with singleton births who completed a clinical trial comparing the efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and mefloquine during pregnancy in Allada, Benin, responded to a nutrition questionnaire including their geophageous habits during pregnancy...
June 7, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Priya Duggal, William A Petri
Malnutrition is a complex disorder, defined by an imbalance, excess, or deficiency of nutrient intake. The visible signs of malnutrition are stunted growth and wasting, but malnourished children are also more likely to have delays in neurocognitive development, vaccine failure, and susceptibility to infection. Despite malnutrition being a major global health problem, we do not yet understand the pathogenesis of this complex disorder. Although lack of food is a major contributor to childhood malnutrition, it is not the sole cause...
June 6, 2018: Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics
A Miyawaki, J S Lee, Y Kobayashi
Background: Japan has experienced a low prevalence of childhood obesity. The Japanese nationwide school lunch program is suggested to have helped this phenomenon, but it has not been proven. Methods: From official statistics, we combined annual data for 2006-15 about the prefecture-level school lunch coverage rate for public junior high school students and the prefecture-level nutritional indicators calculated by randomly selected age-sex groups of 13-15-year olds: the percentage of overweight, obese or underweight children, who are 20% heavier, 30% heavier or 20% lighter than the standard weight by sex, age and height; and mean body weight (kg) or height (cm)...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Giovanna Mangili, Elena Garzoli, Youcef Sadou
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common neonatal congenital malformation. The variety and severity of clinical presentation depend on the cardiac structures involved and their functional impact. The management of newborns with CHD requires a multidisciplinary approach, in which the nutritional aspect plays an important role. An adequate caloric intake during either preand post-surgical period, in fact, improves the outcome of these patients. In addition, the failure to thrive of these children in childhood has been related to long-term cognitive delay (attention deficit disorders, aggressive behaviour and poor social and emotional development)...
May 23, 2018: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
Vivian Ozoemena Onukwuli, Josephat Chinawa, Christopher Bismarck Eke, Ada Rosemary Nwokocha, Ifeoma Josephine Emodi, Anthony Nnaemeka Ikefuna
Adolescence is an important developmental period of childhood. Good health and adequate nutrition consisting major food constituents and trace elements like zinc are fundamental for optimal sexual maturation. To determine the relationship between zinc levels and pattern of breast and pubic hair development, as well as menarcheal age of female SCA children aged 6-18 years and their matched controls with hemoglobin genotype AA. Cross sectional, case-control study. Information on biodata, age at menarche, medical and drug history as well as 24-hour dietary recall was documented using interviewer administered questionnaire...
June 5, 2018: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Ivory H Loh, Teresa Schwendler, Angela C B Trude, Elizabeth T Anderson Steeves, Lawrence J Cheskin, Sarah Lange, Joel Gittelsohn
Social media and text messaging show promise as public health interventions, but little evaluation of implementation exists. The B'more Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) was a multilevel, multicomponent (wholesalers, food stores, recreation centers) childhood obesity prevention trial that included social media and text-messaging components. The BHCK was implemented in 28 low-income areas of Baltimore City, Maryland, in 2 waves. The texting intervention targeted 241 low-income African American caregivers (of 283), who received 3 texts/week reinforcing key messages, providing nutrition information, and weekly goals...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
Xiao Zhang, Natalie Johnson, Genny Carrillo, Xiaohui Xu
In this study, we assessed trends of serum cotinine levels over time among US children ages 3-11 years and compared the risk of asthma in groups exposed to passive tobacco smoke. We utilized National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data collected from 2003 to 2014 (n = 8064). Serum cotinine level, household smoker status, asthma status, and sociodemographic information were extracted for multiple regression analyses. The adjusted biannual change in log (cotinine) in comparison to earlier NHANES survey cycles was - 0...
May 31, 2018: Environmental Research
Dan Turner, Frank M Ruemmele, Esther Orlanski-Meyer, Anne M Griffiths, Javier Martin de Carpi, Jiri Bronsky, Gabor Veres, Marina Aloi, Caterina Strisciuglio, Christian P Braegger, Amit Assa, Claudio Romano, Séamus Hussey, Michael Stanton, Mikko Pakarinen, Lissy de Ridder, Konstantinos Katsanos, Nick Croft, Victor Navas-López, David C Wilson, Sally Lawrence, Richard K Russell
BACKGROUND: The contemporary management of ambulatory ulcerative colitis (UC) continues to be challenging with ∼20% of children needing a colectomy within childhood years. We thus aimed to standardize daily treatment of paediatric UC and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD)-unclassified through detailed recommendations and practice points. METHODS: These guidelines are a joint effort of the European Crohn's and Colitis Organization (ECCO) and the Paediatric IBD Porto group of European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN)...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Amina Bouziani, Naima Saeid, Hasnae Benkirane, Latifa Qandoussi, Youness Taboz, Asmaa El Hamdouchi, Khalid El Kari, Mohammed El Mzibri, Hassan Aguenaou
Calcium is an important mineral playing a vital role to maintain bone health. Calcium intake is considered as one of the most important determinants to assess the calcium status and to evaluate the calcium deficiency in the human body. Our study aims at estimating calcium intake in a sample of children and adolescent to be used in the global strategy to reduce calcium deficiency disorders in Morocco. Thus, 131 children and adolescents were recruited from public schools at Rabat and its regions in the framework of a descriptive cross-sectional study...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
M Gogou, G Kolios
BACKGROUND: A nutritional background has been recognized in the pathophysiology of autism and a series of nutritional interventions have been considered as complementary therapeutic options. As available treatments and interventions are not effective in all individuals, new therapies could broaden management options for these patients. Our aim is to provide current literature data about the effect of therapeutic diets on autism spectrum disorder. DATA SOURCE: A systematic review was conducted by two reviewers independently...
May 30, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Merve Sen, Arzu Uzuner, Mehmet Akman, Aliye Tugba Bahadir, Nazire Oncul Borekci, Emanuela Viggiano
The most effective intervention model for childhood obesity is known as family-based behavioral group treatments. There are also studies that investigate the effects of educational games for children to gain healthy eating and physical exercise habits. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of a family-based group treatment with an educational game (Kaledo) intervention in childhood obesity. Kaledo is a board game that was designed to improve nutritional knowledge and healthy life style habits. It is played with nutrition and activity cards that players can select from, and a total score is calculated in the end of the game according to energy intake and expenditure...
May 29, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Jeffrey R Donowitz, Heather Cook, Masud Alam, Fahmida Tofail, Mamun Kabir, E Ross Colgate, Marya P Carmolli, Beth D Kirkpatrick, Charles A Nelson, Jennie Z Ma, Rashidul Haque, William A Petri
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown maternal, inflammatory, and socioeconomic variables to be associated with growth and neurodevelopment in children from low-income countries. However, these outcomes are multifactorial and work describing which predictors most strongly influence them is lacking. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We conducted a longitudinal study of Bangladeshi children from birth to two years to assess oral vaccine efficacy. Variables pertaining to maternal and perinatal health, socioeconomic status, early childhood enteric and systemic inflammation, and anthropometry were collected...
May 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Shaina M Willen, Michael R DeBaun
Although sickle cell disease and cystic fibrosis are two of the most common monogenic diseases presenting in childhood worldwide, cystic fibrosis and sickle cell disease enjoy vastly different funding and collaborative research efforts. Pulmonary complications in cystic fibrosis have well established guidelines and multidisciplinary involvement focusing on comorbidities, routine monitoring, infectious complications, nutrition, and treatment recommendations. These guidelines can provide a framework on which to build knowledge of lung disease in sickle cell disease...
June 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
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