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Childhood nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663621/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-young-children-born-to-hiv-positive-mothers-in-rural-yunnan-china
#1
Jie Wu, Jing Li, Yan Li, Kek Khee Loo, Haixia Yang, Qiong Wang, Rufei Duan, Xia Xiao, Xiaoxiao Song, Siwei Yang, Lin Sun
BACKGROUND: Children born to HIV-infected mothers are at risk for neurodevelopmental delay. Little is known about neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants and toddlers who were born to HIV-positive mothers but were not themselves infected by HIV, especially in poor rural areas. This study was conducted to compare developmental outcomes between young children who were HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) and their HIV-unexposed and uninfected (HUU) peers in rural Yunnan, China. METHODS: A total of 250 HEU children aged 6-36 months and 250 HUU children matched on age, gender and residency were recruited from rural Yunnan, China...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661582/parents-preferences-for-interventions-to-improve-childhood-immunization-uptake-in-northern-nigeria
#2
Sachiko Ozawa, Mo Zhou, Chizoba Wonodi, Hui-Han Chen, John F P Bridges
BACKGROUND: Routine childhood immunization coverage has been low in northern Nigeria. While local authorities and international partners have been working hard to improve coverage, population preferences for interventions have not been documented. This study aimed to understand parents' preferences and identify possible interventions to improve uptake of childhood immunization. METHODS: Preferences for immunization interventions were elicited using a best-worst scaling (BWS) instrument among parents with children under five...
April 13, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658962/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-new-supplementary-food-designed-to-enhance-cognitive-performance-during-prevention-and-treatment-of-malnutrition-in-childhood
#3
Susan B Roberts, Maria Angela Franceschini, Amy Krauss, Pei-Yi Lin, Augusto Braima de Sa, Raimundo Có, Salima Taylor, Carrie Brown, Oliver Chen, Elizabeth J Johnson, William Pruzensky, Nina Schlossman, Carlito Balé, Kuan-Cheng Tony Wu, Katherine Hagan, Edward Saltzman, Paul Muentener
Background: Cognitive impairment associated with childhood malnutrition and stunting is generally considered irreversible. Objective: The aim was to test a new nutritional supplement for the prevention and treatment of moderate-acute malnutrition (MAM) focused on enhancing cognitive performance. Methods: An 11-wk, village-randomized, controlled pilot trial was conducted in 78 children aged 1-3 or 5-7 y living in villages in Guinea-Bissau. The supplement contained 291 kcal/d for young children and 350 kcal/d for older children and included 5 nutrients and 2 flavan-3-ol-rich ingredients not present in current food-based recommendations for MAM...
November 2017: Current developments in nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655865/non-nutritive-sweeteners-and-metabolic-health-outcomes-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Maria A Karalexi, Marina Mitrogiorgou, Georgia G Georgantzi, Vassiliki Papaevangelou, Smaragdi Fessatou
OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess and quantitatively synthesize the literature regarding the association of consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) during childhood with negative metabolic health outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Following the PRISMA guidelines, published literature was systematically reviewed. Eligible studies (N = 13) were identified through the screening of over 2500 publications. Random-effects meta-analyses were conducted on the association of NNS consumption with body mass index (BMI) increase...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649337/leg-length-skull-circumference-and-the-incidence-of-dementia-in-latin-america-and-china-a-10-66-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Martin J Prince, Daisy Acosta, Mariella Guerra, Yueqin Huang, Ivonne Z Jimenez-Velazquez, Juan J Llibre Rodriguez, Aquiles Salas, Ana Luisa Sosa, Michael E Dewey, Maelenn M Guerchet, Zhaorui Liu, Jorge J Llibre Guerra, A Matthew Prina
BACKGROUND: Adult leg length is influenced by nutrition in the first few years of life. Adult head circumference is an indicator of brain growth. Cross-sectional studies indicate inverse associations with dementia risk, but there have been few prospective studies. METHODS: Population-based cohort studies in urban sites in Cuba, Dominican Republic Puerto Rico and Venezuela, and rural and urban sites in Peru, Mexico and China. Sociodemographic and risk factor questionnaires were administered to all participants, and anthropometric measures taken, with ascertainment of incident dementia, and mortality, three to five years later...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648999/cord-blood-klotho-levels-are-inversely-associated-with-leptin-in-healthy-latino-neonates-at-risk-for-obesity
#6
Janet M Wojcicki, Aric A Prather, Elissa Epel, Dan Wang, Dena B Dubal
BACKGROUND: Klotho serum levels reflect nutritional state in adults including obesity and anorexia. The relationship between cord blood klotho levels at birth and parameters of growth including anthropometrics are not known. METHODS: We evaluated the relationship between cord blood klotho, leptin and adipocyte hormones and infant, child and maternal anthropometrics and maternal depression in a cohort of 73 children. Non-parametric tests were used to assess differences between dichotomous and categorical predictors and klotho levels and Spearman's rank coefficients were used to assess the relationship between klotho levels and continuous predictors...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644108/nutrition-and-growth-assessing-the-impact-of-regional-nutritional-intake-on-childhood-development-and-metacarpal-parameters
#7
Christian Moro, Jessica Covino
Measuring skeletal development throughout juvenile growth can provide a greater understanding into the health, hormonal function and genetics of children. The metacarpals have been of interest for their potential to provide insights into healthy juvenile skeletal development. This study investigated the growth patterns of developing females from isolated communities who had varied diets. Anthropometrical measurements and hand-wrist X-rays were taken of 353 juvenile females from three populations: Pari Coastal Village and Bundi Highlands Village, Papua New Guinea (PNG); and Brisbane, Australia between 1968 to 1983...
March 2018: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629373/assessment-of-a-nutritional-rehabilitation-model-in-two-modern-broilers-and-their-jungle-fowl-ancestor-a-model-for-better-understanding-childhood-undernutrition
#8
Mikayla F A Baxter, Juan D Latorre, Dawn A Koltes, Sami Dridi, Elizabeth S Greene, Stephen W Bickler, Jae H Kim, Ruben Merino-Guzman, Xochitl Hernandez-Velasco, Nicholas B Anthony, Walter G Bottje, Billy M Hargis, Guillermo Tellez
This article is the first in a series of manuscripts to evaluate nutritional rehabilitation in chickens as a model to study interventions in children malnutrition (Part 1: Performance, Bone Mineralization, and Intestinal Morphometric Analysis). Inclusion of rye in poultry diets induces a nutritional deficit that leads to increased bacterial translocation, intestinal viscosity, and decreased bone mineralization. However, it is unclear the effect of diet on developmental stage or genetic strain. Therefore, the objective was to determine the effects of a rye diet during either the early or late phase of development on performance, bone mineralization, and intestinal morphology across three diverse genetic backgrounds...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616971/the-orthodontic-evaluation-at-the-service-of-nutrition-science-preventing-and-promoting-human-health-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#9
Aristeidis Fasoulas, Eleni Pavlidou, Constantinos Giaginis, Dimitrios Petridis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615477/leptin-stimulates-aromatase-in-the-growth-plate-limiting-catch-up-growth-efficiency
#10
Majdi Masarwi, Raanan Shamir, Moshe Phillip, Galia Gat-Yablonski
Catch-up growth (CUG) in childhood is defined as periods of growth acceleration, after the resolution of growth attenuation causes, bringing the children back to their original growth trajectory. Sometimes, however, CUG is incomplete, leading to permanent growth deficit and short stature. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms that limit nutritional-CUG. Specifically, we focused on the crosstalk between leptin, increased by re-feeding, and sex hormones, which increase with age. In-vivo studies were performed in young male Sprague Dawley rats fed ad libitum or subjected to 10/36 days of 40% food restriction followed by 90-120 days of re-feeding...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611432/advancing-public-health-policy-in-louisiana-through-evidence-based-strategies-successes-and-opportunities
#11
Mary Kathryn Poole, Adrienne R Mundorf, Naomi K Englar, Donald Rose
In 2013, a team of public health professionals at Tulane University launched a project to explore strategies for shaping a healthier Louisiana. The team investigated methods for improving diet and physical activity behaviors in early childhood, school, and community settings that could be translated into specific policies. Through key informant interviews and scans of academic journals and reports issued by public health agencies, the team generated a set of actionable steps that could increase healthful behaviors...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607794/widening-socio-economic-disparities-in-early-childhood-obesity-in-los-angeles-county-after-the-great-recession
#12
Tabashir Z Nobari, Shannon E Whaley, Catherine M Crespi, Michael L Prelip, May C Wang
OBJECTIVE: While economic crises can increase socio-economic disparities in health, little is known about the impact of the 2008-09 Great Recession on obesity prevalence among children, especially low-income children. The present study examined whether socio-economic disparities in obesity among children of pre-school age participating in a federal nutrition assistance programme have changed since the recession. DESIGN: A pre-post observational study using administrative data of pre-school-aged programme participants from 2003 to 2014...
April 2, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601921/the-family-child-care-home-environment-and-children-s-diet-quality
#13
Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Amber E Vaughn, Alison Tovar, Truls Østbye, Stephanie Mazzucca, Dianne S Ward
BACKGROUND: Developing healthy eating behaviors and food preferences in early childhood may help establish future healthy diets. Large numbers of children spend time in child care, but little research has assessed the nutritional quality of meals and snacks in family child care homes. Therefore, it is important to assess foods and beverages provided, policies related to nutrition and feeding children, and interactions between providers and children during mealtimes. We examined associations between the nutrition environments of family child care homes and children's diet quality...
March 27, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601544/influence-of-mothers-nutrition-knowledge-and-attitudes-on-their-purchase-intention-for-infant-cereal-with-no-added-sugar-claim
#14
Tzu-Yun Chien, Yi-Wen Chien, Jung-Su Chang, Yi Chun Chen
A higher sugar intake in infancy might result in a predisposition to a higher sugar intake in later childhood. In Taiwan, many commercial infant and toddler foods with nutrition claims have high sugar content. This study explored the influence of mothers' knowledge and attitudes on their purchase intention for infant food with nutrition claims. This study was a cross-sectional survey. An online survey was distributed to 940 mothers who had a child aged between 4 months and 3 years; 40% of mothers tend to misunderstand that "no added sugar" (NAS) indicates no sugar or less sugar content and, thus, that NAS infant cereal is healthy...
March 30, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597273/nutrition-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-kap-among-kindergarten-teachers-in-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Hongyan Liu, Xianglong Xu, Dengyuan Liu, Yunshuang Rao, Cesar Reis, Manoj Sharma, Jun Yuan, Yao Chen, Yong Zhao
Kindergarten teachers play an important role in providing kindergarten children with education on nutrition. However, few studies have been published on nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of Chinese kindergarten teachers. This study aimed to assess the nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of kindergarten teachers in Chongqing, China. Thus, a cross-sectional survey was conducted using a structured KAP model questionnaire administered to 222 kindergarten teachers, who were senior teachers from 80 kindergartens in 19 districts and 20 counties in Chongqing...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596493/micronutrient-adequacy-is-poor-but-not-associated-with-stunting-between-12-24-months-of-age-a-cohort-study-findings-from-a-slum-area-of-bangladesh
#16
Kazi Istiaque Sanin, M Munirul Islam, Mustafa Mahfuz, A M Shamsir Ahmed, Dinesh Mondal, Rashidul Haque, Tahmeed Ahmed
The prevalence of stunting among children below 5 years of age is higher in the slum-dwelling population of Bangladesh compared to that in both urban and rural areas. Studies have reported that several factors such as inadequate nutrition, low socio-economic status, poor hygiene and sanitation and lack of maternal education are the substantial predictors of childhood stunting. Almost all these factors are universally present in the slum-dwelling population of Bangladesh. However, few studies have prospectively examined such determinants of stunting among slum populations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595578/a-menu-to-evaluate-factors-influencing-implementation-of-obesity-prevention-early-care-and-education-regulations
#17
Erin Sawicki, Dianne C Barker, Marjorie A Gutman, Ian Caughlan, Marissa Yochelson, George Grob
CONTEXT: In recent years, several states have adopted new regulations concerning nutrition, physical activity, and screen time in early care and education (ECE) settings to help prevent childhood obesity. OBJECTIVE: To disseminate a menu of factors that facilitate and/or impede implementation of obesity prevention regulations in ECE settings. DESIGN: To create the menu, we condensed and categorized factors identified in the literature and through field work by placing them within domains...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593347/the-direct-and-indirect-associations-of-usual-free-sugar-intake-on-bmi-z-scores-of-australian-children-and-adolescents
#18
Tommy Hon Ting Wong, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie
This cross-sectional analysis aimed to assess the association between free sugar consumption and the BMI z-score of Australian children and adolescents. Data from the 2007 Australian National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analyzed. Structural equation modeling was used to assess the direct association between usual free sugar intake and age-and-sex-specific BMI z-score, and the indirect association mediated via energy overconsumption. Weak and statistically non-significant associations were found for the direct (BMI z-score β = -0...
March 28, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588824/the-status-and-predictors-of-hypertension-preventive-nutritional-behaviors-in-adolescents-based-on-the-constructs-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#19
Mohammad Matlabi, Reza Esmaeili, Mahdi Moshki, Afsaneh Ranaei, Alireza Haji, Rahele Mehrabi
Background: Malnutrition is an important factor affecting hypertensive incidence. Since the unhealthiest nutritional behaviors are rooted in childhood attitudes and experiences, applying educational interventions to these age groups will be most useful in the formation of preventive nutritional behaviors. Objective: To determine the predictive power of the TPB on hypertension in junior high-school students. Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 160 junior high-school students in Kashmar, Iran in academic year commencing 2-13-2014, selected through random sampling...
January 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588076/intestinal-resection-associated-metabolic-syndrome
#20
Lauren Barron, Cathleen Courtney, James Bao, Emily Onufer, Roheena Z Panni, Bola Aladegbami, Brad W Warner
BACKGROUND: Short bowel syndrome occurs following massive small bowel resection (SBR) and is one of the most lethal diseases of childhood. We have previously demonstrated hepatic steatosis, altered gut microbiome, and increased fat deposition in our murine model of SBR. These novel findings prompted us to investigate potential alterations in glucose metabolism and systemic inflammation following intestinal resection. METHODS: Male C57BL6 mice underwent 50% proximal SBR or sham operation...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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