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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048447/strategies-for-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion-in-urban-areas-the-erice-50-charter
#1
D D'Alessandro, S Arletti, A Azara, M Buffoli, L Capasso, A Cappuccitti, A Casuccio, A Cecchini, G Costa, A M De Martino, M Dettori, E Di Rosa, G M Fara, M Ferrante, G Giammanco, A Lauria, G Melis, U Moscato, I Oberti, C Patrizio, M G Petronio, A Rebecchi, V Romano Spica, G Settimo, C Signorelli, S Capolongo
The Erice 50 Charter titled "Strategies for Diseases Prevention and Health Promotion in Urban Areas" was unanimously approved at the conclusion of the 50th Residential Course "Urban Health. Instruments for promoting health and for assessing hygienic and sanitary conditions in urban areas", held from 29th March to 2nd April 2017 in Erice, at the "Ettore Majorana" Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture and promoted by the International School of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine "G. D'Alessandro" and the Study Group "Building Hygiene" of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health (SItI)...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046660/beyond-clinical-case-studies-in-psychoanalysis-a-review-of-psychoanalytic-empirical-single-case-studies-published-in-isi-ranked-journals
#2
REVIEW
Reitske Meganck, Ruth Inslegers, Juri Krivzov, Liza Notaerts
Single case studies are at the origin of both theory development and research in the field of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. While clinical case studies are the hallmark of psychoanalytic theory and practice, their scientific value has been strongly criticized. To address problems with the subjective bias of retrospective therapist reports and uncontrollability of clinical case studies, systematic approaches to investigate psychotherapy process and outcome at the level of the single case have been developed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045310/risk-of-stroke-after-transcatheter-prosthetic-aortic-valve-implant-with-aortic-bioprosthesis-subclinical-thrombosis-and-possible-therapeutic-implications
#3
Giuseppe Di Pasquale, Gloria V Coutsoumbas, Silvia Zagnoni
: Many factors could increase the risk of stroke after transcatheter prosthetic aortic valve implant, mainly related to the procedure itself, or to the type of valvular prosthesis, or to the presence of atrial fibrillation. There is a wide variability in the antithrombotic treatment utilized in clinical practice, as far as the choice of drugs (anticoagulant, single or dual antiplatelet treatment), and its optimal duration. The most popular therapeutic strategy, also recommended by the Scientific Societies, is dual antiplatelet (aspirin and clopidogrel) for the first 3-6 months then switching to single antiplatelet (usually aspirin), limiting oral anticoagulant therapy only to those patients with other primary indication to the treatment...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042718/are-local-anesthesia-vials-similar-to-champagne-do-they-lose-their-potency-once-opened-an-in-vitro-study
#4
P S Gopinath Thilak, Sameep S Shetty, Jagadeesh Chandra, Kavana Gowda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epinephrine is volatile and unstable on exposure to air. Addition of sodium metabisulfite as an antioxidant has been effective, but there are no clear-cut consensus on its efficiency in retarding the oxidation that sets in once the anesthetic vials are kept open with a needle in situ. There is a paucity of scientific data regarding the risks of reuse of anesthetic vials following the use of cartridges, a common practice in western countries. It is our endeavor to shed light on the constant change in pH, drug deterioration, and instability that sets in an anesthetic vial with a needle in situ...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042716/effectiveness-of-behavioral-vaccine-on-the-oral-health-of-children-in-komarapalayam-south-india-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#5
N Umamaheswari, Sharath Asokan, S Thangakumaran
BACKGROUND: Oral health education and promotion have emerged as a strong force against the traditional, dominant, and curative model of health practice. In pediatric dentistry, the utilization of an entertaining, easy to understand, and practical educational material is warranted. Behavioral vaccine is a simple, scientifically proven practice that is repeated to increase well-being. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of conventional (instructional) dental hygiene program and "Good Behavior Game" (GBG) (contingency dental hygiene program - a behavioral vaccine) on the practice of oral hygiene among 5-7-year-old schoolchildren...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042131/expanding-our-perspectives-on-research-in-musculoskeletal-science-and-practice
#6
Roger Kerry
INTRODUCTION: The quantity and quality of scientific research within physiotherapy has unquestionably grown and matured over the last few decades, especially since the "formal" onset of evidence-based physiotherapy in the 1990s. The urgent need to evaluate our practice for effectiveness and efficiency has been responded to with thought and respect to both scientific integrity and shop-floor clinical needs. However, after thirty years or more of a professionally-governed and strategic approach to research activity, it is now timely to reflect, review, and consider the next chapter in the relationship between scientific research and clinical practice...
October 12, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038184/optimising-the-quality-of-antibiotic-prescribing-in-out-of-hours-primary-care-in-belgium-a-study-protocol-for-an-action-research-project
#7
Annelies Colliers, Samuel Coenen, Hilde Philips, Roy Remmen, Sibyl Anthierens
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance is a major public health threat driven by inappropriate antibiotic use, mainly in general practice and for respiratory tract infections. In Belgium, the quality of general practitioners' (GPs) antibiotic prescribing is low. To improve antibiotic use, we need a better understanding of this quality problem and corresponding interventions. A general practitioners cooperative (GPC) for out-of-hours (OOH) care presents a unique opportunity to reach a large group of GPs and work on quality improvement...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037619/evidence-based-effects-of-yoga-practice-on-various-health-related-problems-of-elderly-people-a-review
#8
A Mooventhan, L Nivethitha
More than 50% of the elderly above 60 years of age suffer from chronic medical conditions, the prevalence of which increases with age. Though Yoga has been reported as an effective modality in improving various physical and psychological aspects of elderly populations, a comprehensive review of Yoga and its effects on various health related problems of elderly populations has not yet been reported. Hence, we performed PubMed/Medline search to review relevant articles, using keyword "yoga and elderly". Relevant articles published since inception till 6th October 2016 were included for the review...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037336/neuropsychiatry-towards-a-philosophy-of-praxis
#9
Jesús Ramirez-Bermudez, Rodrigo Perez-Esparza, Luis Carlos Aguilar-Venegas, Perminder Sachdev
Neuropsychiatry is a specialized clinical, academic and scientific discipline with its field located in the borderland territory between neurology and psychiatry. In this article, we approach the theoretical definition of neuropsychiatry, and in order to address the practical aspects of the discipline, we describe the profile of a neuropsychiatric liaison service in the setting of a large hospital for neurological diseases in a middle-income country. An audit of consecutive in-patients requiring neuropsychiatric assessment at the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Mexico is reported, comprising a total of 1212 patients...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036569/opportunities-for-epidemiologists-in-implementation-science-a-primer
#10
Gila Neta, Ross C Brownson, David A Chambers
The field of epidemiology has been defined as the study of the spread and control of disease. However, epidemiology frequently focuses on studies of etiology and distribution of disease at the cost of understanding the best ways to control disease. Moreover, only a small fraction of scientific discoveries is translated into public health practice, and the process from discovery to translation is exceedingly slow. Given the importance of translational science, the future of epidemiologic training should include competency in implementation science, whose goal is to rapidly move evidence into practice...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035965/effectiveness-of-bedrails-in-preventing-falls-among-hospitalized-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#11
Paulo Marques, Carmen Queirós, João Apóstolo, Daniela Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem today affecting adults of any age, but the elderly are a population that is more susceptible to falls. Falls are the leading cause of injury or death among older adults. Hospitalized older people are particularly vulnerable to falls. Falls cause direct injuries (minor injuries, severe wounds of the soft tissues and bone fractures) to patients and increased length of stay. The prevention of falls is commonly considered an indicator of the quality of care...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035675/practical-considerations-in-clinical-strategy-to-support-the-development-of-injectable-drug-device-combination-products-for-biologics
#12
Zhaoyang Li, Rachael Easton
The development of an injectable drug-device combination (DDC) product for biologics is an intricate and evolving process that requires substantial investments of time and money. Consequently, the commercial dosage form(s) or presentation(s) are often not ready when pivotal trials commence, and it is common to have drug product changes (manufacturing process or presentation) during clinical development. A scientifically sound and robust bridging strategy is required in order to introduce these changes into the clinic safely...
October 16, 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035082/all-for-one-or-one-for-all-authorship-and-the-cross-sectoral-valuation-of-credit-in-nutrition-science
#13
Bart Penders
The passionate pursuit of authorships is fuelled by the value they represent to scholars and scientists. This article asks how this value differs across scientists and how these different processes of valuation inform authorship articulation, strategies, and publication behavior in general. Drawing from a qualitative analysis of authorship practices among nutrition scientists employed at universities, contract research organizations, and in food industry, I argue that two different modi operandi emerge when it comes to authorship...
October 16, 2017: Accountability in Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033123/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-codepeh-recommendations
#14
Faustino Núñez-Batalla, Carmen Jáudenes-Casaubón, Jose Miguel Sequí-Canet, Ana Vivanco-Allende, Jose Zubicaray-Ugarteche
The incidence and the prevalence rates of otitis media with effusion (OME) are high. However, there is evidence that only a minority of professionals follow the recommendations provided in clinical practice guidelines. For the purpose of improving diagnosis and treatment of OME in children to prevent and/or reduce its impact on children's development, the Commission for the Early Detection of Deafness (CODEPEH) has deeply reviewed the scientific literature on this field and has drafted a document of recommendations for a correct clinical reaction to of OME, including diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment methodology...
October 13, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032763/basics-in-endoscopic-ultrasound-part-1-diagnostic-indications-and-tissue-sampling
#15
Marta Serrani, Claudio Calvanese, Andrea Lisotti, Giancarlo Caletti, Ludovico Abenavoli, Pietro Fusaroli
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound has been used in the clinical arena for almost 35 years and it is now well-integrated in everyday hospital practice. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review of the available English-language articles. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to summarize all the relevant indications to endoscopic ultrasound and analyze its relevant data in terms of accuracy and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: More than 5000 scientific papers published in the literature have demonstrated its high accuracy for the diagnosis and staging of a variety of benign and malignant conditions...
October 9, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032709/putative-predictors-of-efficacy-for-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-facing-the-complexity-of-the-immune-system
#16
Giulia Grizzi, Mario Caccese, Anastasios Gkountakos, Luisa Carbognin, Giampaolo Tortora, Emilio Bria, Sara Pilotto
In non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) the recent introduction of immunotherapy in daily clinical practice produced a wave of enthusiasm, however, this was rapidly moderated by the evidence that only some patients could experience a relevant clinical benefit. Therefore, a great effort from the scientific community has been dedicated to the identification and validation of reliable biomarkers able to drive the activity of immunotherapeutic agents. Areas covered. This analysis aims to review the main findings about predictive biomarkers for immunotherapy in lung cancer, retracing the history of PD-L1 and focusing on a series of innovative candidates, such as mutational load, immune cells populations and microbiome...
October 14, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032233/proteome-wide-prediction-and-annotation-of-mitochondrial-and-sub-mitochondrial-proteins-by-incorporating-domain-information
#17
Ravindra Kumar, Bandana Kumari, Manish Kumar
Mitochondrion is one of the most important subcellular organelle of eukaryotic cells. It carries out several biochemical functions that are extremely vital for cells. Defects in mitochondria also play an important role in the development and progression of different types of cancer. Therefore knowledge of complete mitochondrial protein repertoire is essential to understand overall mitochondrial functionality, maintenance, dynamics and metabolism. It would be of a great practical significance to develop an automated and reliable approach that can identify the mitochondrial proteins and their sub-mitochondrial location...
October 11, 2017: Mitochondrion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031836/optofluidic-time-stretch-quantitative-phase-microscopy
#18
REVIEW
Baoshan Guo, Cheng Lei, Yi Wu, Hirofumi Kobayashi, Takuro Ito, Yaxiaer Yalikun, Sangwook Lee, Akihiro Isozaki, Ming Li, Yiyue Jiang, Atsushi Yasumoto, Dino Di Carlo, Yo Tanaka, Yutaka Yatomi, Yasuyuki Ozeki, Keisuke Goda
Innovations in optical microscopy have opened new windows onto scientific research, industrial quality control, and medical practice over the last few decades. One of such innovations is optofluidic time-stretch quantitative phase microscopy - an emerging method for high-throughput quantitative phase imaging that builds on the interference between temporally stretched signal and reference pulses by using dispersive properties of light in both spatial and temporal domains in an interferometric configuration on a microfluidic platform...
October 12, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031522/video-based-surgical-learning-improving-trainee-education-and-preparation-for-surgery
#19
Paulo Mota, Nuno Carvalho, Emanuel Carvalho-Dias, Manuel João Costa, Jorge Correia-Pinto, Estevão Lima
BACKGROUND: Since the end of the XIX century, teaching of surgery has remained practically unaltered until now. With the dawn of video-assisted laparoscopy, surgery has faced new technical and learning challenges. Due to technological advances, from Internet access to portable electronic devices, the use of online resources is part of the educational armamentarium. In this respect, videos have already proven to be effective and useful, however the best way to benefit from these tools is still not clearly defined...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031468/gunslingers-poker-players-and-chickens-1-decision-making-under-physical-performance-pressure-in-elite-athletes
#20
Beth L Parkin, Katie Warriner, Vincent Walsh
BACKGROUND: The cognitive skills required during sport are highly demanding; accurate decisions based on the processing of dynamic environments are made in a fraction of a second (Walsh, 2014). Optimal decision-making abilities are crucial for success in sporting competition (Bar-Eli et al., 2011; Kaya, 2014). Moreover, for the elite athlete, decision making is required under conditions of intense mental and physical pressure (Anshel and Wells, 2000), yet much of the work in this area has largely ignored the highly stressful context in which athletes operate...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
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