keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Scientific practice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913540/-significance-of-matrix-augmented-bone-marrow-stimulation-for-treatment-of-cartilage-defects-of-the-knee-a-consensus-statement-of-the-dgou-working-group-on-tissue-regeneration
#1
Philipp Niemeyer, Christoph Becher, Matthias Buhs, Stefan Fickert, Kolja Gelse, Daniel Günther, Raphael Kaelin, Peter Kreuz, Jörg Lützner, Stefan Nehrer, Henning Madry, Stefan Marlovits, Julian Mehl, Henning Ott, Matthias Pietschmann, Gunther Spahn, Thomas Tischer, Martin Volz, Markus Walther, Götz Welsch, Johannes Zellner, Wolfgang Zinser, Peter Angele
Surgical principles for treatment of full-thickness cartilage defects of the knee include bone marrow stimulation techniques (i.e. arthroscopic microfracturing) and transplantation techniques (i.e. autologous chondrocyte implantation and osteochondral transplantation). On the basis of increasing scientific evidence, indications for these established therapeutical concepts have been specified and clear recommendations for practical use have been given. Within recent years, matrix-augmented bone marrow stimulation has been established as a new treatment concept for chondral lesions...
June 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913334/abnormal-placentation-current-evidence-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Ioannis G Papanikolaou, Ekaterini Domali, George Daskalakis, Marianna Theodora, Eirini Telaki, Petros Drakakis, Dimitrios Loutradis
Abnormal placentation often requires the involvement of a multidisciplinary team of medical caregivers. Practicing Obstetrics is a challenging and skillful duty. This is more obvious in cases of abnormal placentation, which represents one of the most dangerous and complex clinical conditions in materno-fetal medicine. Pathological placentation involves position and invasion abnormalities and represents a serious and potentially life-threatening condition for both the pregnant woman and the fetus. The dramatic increase in cesarean section rates is an important factor which could explain the rapid raise in abnormal placentation cases, which were considered rare a few years ago...
June 5, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910640/gaming-science-innovations-to-integrate-health-systems-science-into-medical-education-and-practice
#3
REVIEW
Earla J White, Joy H Lewis, Lise McCoy
Health systems science (HSS) is an emerging discipline addressing multiple, complex, interdependent variables that affect providers' abilities to deliver patient care and influence population health. New perspectives and innovations are required as physician leaders and medical educators strive to accelerate changes in medical education and practice to meet the needs of evolving populations and systems. The purpose of this paper is to introduce gaming science as a lens to magnify HSS integration opportunities in the scope of medical education and practice...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910197/satellites-for-what-creating-user-communities-for-space-based-data-in-france-the-case-from-lerts-to-cesbio
#4
Gemma Cirac-Claveras
This article uses a French case to explore the who, how, and why of satellite remote-sensing development and its transition towards routine utilization in the domain of ecosystems ecology. It discusses the evolution of a community of technology developers promoting remote-sensing capabilities (mostly sponsored by the French space agency). They attempted to legitimate quality scientific practices, establish the authority of satellite remote-sensing data within academic institutions, and build a community of technology users...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909876/building-synergy-between-regulatory-and-hta-agencies-beyond-processes-and-procedures-can-we-effectively-align-the-evidentiary-requirements-a-survey-of-stakeholder-perceptions
#5
Ting Wang, Neil McAuslane, Lawrence Liberti, Hubert Leufkens, Anke Hövels
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the current practice of companies and agencies to assess the changes made in aligning regulatory and health technology assessment (HTA) stakeholders; to identify areas of commonality of evidentiary requirements that could occur; and to identify strategic issues and trends of regulatory and HTA synergy. METHODS: Two separate questionnaires were developed to assess stakeholders' perceptions on regulatory and HTA alignment, one for pharmaceutical companies and the other for regulatory and HTA agencies...
June 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909760/-epidemiology-etiology-and-treatment-of-patients-with-psychosis-and-co-morbid-substance-use-disorder
#6
Franz Moggi
Epidemiology, etiology and treatment of patients with psychosis and co-morbid substance use disorder Abstract. More than 25 years ago, when the research on the efficacy of treatments for patients with a comorbidity of psychosis and substance use disorder has been systematically started, some authors described the treatment of these patients as a "mission impossible". Approximately half of all individuals with schizophrenia develop substance use disorders in the course of their life; about one third of them a comorbid alcohol use disorder and about one quarter a comorbid substance use disorder with other addictive substances...
June 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909490/heavy-metals-in-indigenous-preparations-used-for-sex-selection-during-pregnancy-in-india
#7
Abhijit Ganguli, Pragya Rai, Sarala Balachandran, Rakesh Gupta, Rashmi Sharma, Sutapa Bandyopadhyay Neogi
Indigenous preparations (IPs) have evoked a considerable interest in alleviating infections and chronic diseases and improving wellbeing. While such formulations have been a part of traditional practice in several countries and many have been reviewed scientifically for their claims, several of them until date remain to be investigated. A class of IPs for sex selection by Indian pregnant women exists with an aim of begetting a male offspring. In view of the leads obtained from our previous studies on detrimental effects of the newborn, for instance stillbirths and congenital malformations, we attempted to investigate the samples for heavy metal toxicity...
June 16, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908876/prostate-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-steering-committee-pi-rads-v2-status-update-and-future-directions
#8
Anwar R Padhani, Jeffrey Weinreb, Andrew B Rosenkrantsz, Geert Villeirs, Baris Turkbey, Jelle Barentsz
CONTEXT: The Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) v2 analysis system for multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) detection of prostate cancer (PCa) is based on PI-RADS v1, accumulated scientific evidence, and expert consensus opinion. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the accuracy, strengths and weaknesses of PI-RADS v2, discuss pathway implications of its use and outline opportunities for improvements and future developments. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: For this consensus expert opinion from the PI-RADS steering committee, clinical studies, systematic reviews, and professional guidelines for mpMRI PCa detection were evaluated...
June 13, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908772/first-in-vitro-fertilization-baby-this-is-how-it-happened
#9
REVIEW
Simon Fishel
On July 25, 1978, the first human was born following extracorporeal fertilization, an event that opened up a new medical science: expanding our knowledge of and developing novel treatments for infertility, radically changing the opportunities for families with inherited monogenic disorders, generating the new discipline of clinical embryology, and paving the way for studies into stem cell biology. In vitro fertilization (IVF), as it became known in its simplest form, went even further: it engaged the myriad of minds in human society...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908062/validation-of-the-acuros-xb-dose-calculation-algorithm-versus-monte-carlo-for-clinical-treatment-plans
#10
Lone Hoffmann, Markus Alber, Matthias Söhn, Ulrik Vindelev Elstrøm
PURPOSE: The two distinct dose computation paradigms of Boltzmann Equation Solvers and Monte Carlo simulation both promise in principle maximum accuracy. In practice, clinically acceptable calculation times demand approximations and numerical short-cuts on one hand, and modelling the beam characteristics of a real linear accelerator to the required accuracy on the other. A thorough benchmark of both algorithm types therefore needs to start with beam modelling, and needs to include a number of clinically challenging treatment plans...
June 16, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908052/successful-scientific-writing-and-publishing-a-step-by-step-approach
#11
John K Iskander, Sara Beth Wolicki, Rebecca T Leeb, Paul Z Siegel
Scientific writing and publication are essential to advancing knowledge and practice in public health, but prospective authors face substantial challenges. Authors can overcome barriers, such as lack of understanding about scientific writing and the publishing process, with training and resources. The objective of this article is to provide guidance and practical recommendations to help both inexperienced and experienced authors working in public health settings to more efficiently publish the results of their work in the peer-reviewed literature...
June 14, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907358/anticoagulant-treatment-of-medical-patients-with-complex-clinical-conditions
#12
F Ruiz-Ruiz, F J Medrano, J M Santos-Lozano, P Rodríguez-Torres, A Navarro-Puerto, E J Calderón
There is scarce available information on the treatment or prophylaxis with anticoagulant drugs of outpatients with medical diseases and complex clinical conditions. There are no clinical practice guidelines and/or specific recommendations for this patient subgroup, which are frequently treated by internists. Complex clinical conditions are those in which, due to comorbidity, age, vital prognosis or multiple treatment with drugs, a clinical situation arises of disease-disease, disease-drug or drug-drug interactions that is not included within the scenarios that commonly generate the scientific evidence...
June 12, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905568/model-of-creating-proper-research-environment-in-medical-education-organizations
#13
Bekbergenova Zh Umbetzhanova A, V Koikov, G Derbissalina, G Tuleshova
A good research environment is an environment that effectively stimulates research, attracts productive scientists and ensures the result in the form of scientific knowledge transferred to practical application. The formation of a good research environment depends on a large number of factors. The aim of the study was to identify factors, which influence on the medical universities research performance and on the basis of this forming the model of proper research environment in the medical education organizations...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905541/use-of-perfusion-mri-for-determination-of-irradiation-volumes-in-radiotherapy-of-patients-with-brain-glioma
#14
K Mardaleishvili, G Orkodashvili
Objective - to assess how rCBV maps correlate with irradiation treatment plans in patients with recurrent tumor in order to identify potential differences and optimize treatment planning. 11 patients with brain HGG have taken participation in this study. Study was conducted in Radiation Medicine Center and Scientific Research Institute of Clinical Medicine. All patients underwent DSC-MRI and routine MRI imaging prior to re-irradiation treatment planning, and underwent treatment as per routine clinical protocol...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904978/nasal-cytology-methodology-with-application-to-clinical-practice-and-research
#15
Enrico Heffler, Massimo Landi, Cristiano Caruso, Silvia Fichera, Federica Gani, Giuseppe Guida, Maria Teresa Liuzzo, Maria Provvidenza Pistorio, Stefano Pizzimenti, Anna Maria Riccio, Veronica Seccia, Matteo Ferrando, Luca Malvezzi, Giovanni Passalacqua, Matteo Gelardi
Nasal cytology is an easy, cheap, non-invasive and point-of-care method to assess nasal inflammation and disease-specific cellular features. By means of nasal cytology it is possible to distinguish between different inflammatory patterns that are typically associated with specific diseases (i.e.: allergic and non allergic rhinitis). Its use is particularly relevant when other clinical information, such as signs, symptoms, time-course and allergic sensitizations, are not enough to recognize which of the different rhinitis phenotypes is involved; for example, it is only by means of nasal cytology that it is possible to distinguish, among the non allergic rhinitis, those characterized by eosinophilic (NARES), mastcellular (NARMA), mixed eosinophilic-mastcellular (NARESMA) or neutrophilic (NARNE) inflammation...
June 15, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904730/surveillance-and-epidemiology-of-drug-resistant-infections-consortium-sedric-supporting-the-transition-from-strategy-to-action
#16
Keiji Fukuda, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Iruka N Okeke, Nandini Shetty, Rogier van Doorn, Nicholas A Feasey, Francesca Chiara, Ghada Zoubiane, Tim Jinks, Julian Parkhill, Jean Patel, Stuart W J Reid, Alison H Holmes, Sharon J Peacock
In recognition of the central importance of surveillance and epidemiology in the control of antimicrobial resistance and the need to strengthen surveillance at all levels, Wellcome has brought together a new international expert group SEDRIC (Surveillance and Epidemiology of Drug Resistant Infections Consortium). SEDRIC aims to advance and transform the ways of tracking, sharing and analysing rates of infection and drug resistance, burden of disease, information on antibiotic use, opportunities for preventative measures such as vaccines, and contamination of the environment...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904538/changing-the-culture-of-science-communication-training-for-junior-scientists
#17
Adriana Bankston, Gary S McDowell
Being successful in an academic environment places many demands on junior scientists. Science communication currently may not be adequately valued and rewarded, and yet communication to multiple audiences is critical for ensuring that it remains a priority in today's society. Due to the potential for science communication to produce better scientists, facilitate scientific progress, and influence decision-making at multiple levels, training junior scientists in both effective and ethical science communication practices is imperative, and can benefit scientists regardless of their chosen career path...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904535/clips-communication-learning-in-practice-for-scientists-a-new-online-resource-leverages-assessment-to-help-students-and-academics-improve-science-communication
#18
Susan Rowland, James Hardy, Kay Colthorpe, Rhianna Pedwell, Louise Kuchel
The ability to communicate is a crucial graduate outcome for science students; however, crowded curricula and large class sizes make it difficult to find time to explicitly teach foundational communication skills. In response to these challenges, we developed an online resource called Communication Learning in Practice for Scientists, or CLIPS. CLIPS provides a multi-point mentoring model that has allowed us to successfully integrate the teaching and learning of a complex set of tacitly-understood skills across multiple scientific disciplines...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904514/learning-science-communication-skills-using-improvisation-video-recordings-and-practice-practice-practice
#19
Nicholas M Ponzio, Janet Alder, Mary Nucci, David Dannenfelser, Holly Hilton, Nikolaos Linardopoulos, Carol Lutz
Doctoral students in science disciplines spend countless hours learning how to conduct cutting-edge research but very little time learning to communicate the nature and significance of their science to people outside their field. To narrow this disparity, we created an unusual course titled Communicating Science for doctoral science trainees at Rutgers University. Our goal was to help students develop an advanced ability to communicate their research clearly and accurately and to emphasize its value and significance to diverse audiences...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904512/encouraging-science-communication-through-deliberative-pedagogy-a-study-of-a-gene-editing-deliberation-in-a-nonmajors-biology-course
#20
Sara A Mehltretter Drury, Anne Gibson Bost, Laura M Wysocki, Amanda L Ingram
Deliberative pedagogy encourages productive science communication and learning through engagement and discussion of socio-scientific issues (SSI). This article examines a two-day deliberation module on gene editing that took place in an introductory nonmajors biology course, furthering research on integrating deliberative discussion into the biology classroom. The results demonstrate the benefits of a single, episodic deliberation in the classroom, which can positively encourage active discussion and critical awareness of connections between biology and real-world issues, thus contributing to the development of scientific citizenship...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
keyword
keyword
35370
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"