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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063849/recruitment-promotion-and-retention-of-women-in-academic-medicine-how-institutions-are-addressing-gender-disparities
#1
Phyllis L Carr, Christine Gunn, Anita Raj, Samantha Kaplan, Karen M Freund
OBJECTIVE: Greater numbers of women in medicine have not resulted in more women achieving senior positions. Programs supporting the recruitment, promotion, and retention of women in academic medicine could help to achieve greater advancement of more women to leadership positions. Qualitative research was conducted to understand such programs at 23 institutions and, using the social ecological model, examine how they operate at the individual, interpersonal, institutional, academic community, and policy levels...
January 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054416/anomalous-diffusion-in-cerebral-glioma-assessed-using-a-fractional-motion-model
#2
Boyan Xu, Lu Su, Zhenxiong Wang, Yang Fan, Gaolang Gong, Wenzhen Zhu, Peiyi Gao, Jia-Hong Gao
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the capability of the fractional motion (FM) model for describing anomalous diffusion in cerebral gliomas and to assess the potential feasibility of FM for grading these tumors. METHODS: Diffusion MRI images were acquired from brain tumor patients using a special Stejskal-Tanner diffusion sequence with variable diffusion gradient amplitudes and separation times. Patients with histopathologically confirmed gliomas, including astrocytic and oligoastrocytic tumors, were selected...
January 5, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030421/the-political-future-of-social-medicine-reflections-on-physicians-as-activists
#3
H Jack Geiger
The academic discipline of social medicine has always had a political and policy advocacy component, in addition to its core functions of research and teaching. Its origins lie in the 18th and 19th centuries, in the work of Johann Peter Frank and Rudolph Virchow, among others. Virchow's dictum that "politics is nothing else but medicine on a large scale" highlights that most social determinants of health are politically determined and shape population health. Yet despite intense epidemiological and sociological research on the social determinants of health, less attention has been paid to this political and policy dimension...
December 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009750/the-american-medical-association-s-section-on-surgery-the-beginnings-of-the-organization-professionalization-and-specialization-of-surgery-in-the-united-states
#4
Ira Rutkow
OBJECTIVE: To explore the founding of the American Medical Association's Section on Surgery in 1859 and how it represented, on a national basis, the beginnings of organized surgery and the formal start of the professionalization and specialization of surgery in the United States. BACKGROUND: The broad social process of organization, professionalization, and specialization that began for various disciplines in America in the mid-19th century was a reaction to emerging economic, political, and scientific influences including industrialization, urbanization, and technology...
January 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005539/an-investigation-into-traditional-chinese-medicine-hospitals-in-china-development-trend-and-medical-service-innovation
#5
Liang Wang, Sizhuo Suo, Jian Li, Yuanjia Hu, Peng Li, Yitao Wang, Hao Hu
BACKGROUND: This paper aims to investigate the development trend of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) hospitals in China and explore their medical service innovations, with special reference to the changing co-existence with western medicine (WM) at TCM hospitals. METHODS: Quantitative data at macro level was collected from official databases of China Health Statistical Yearbook and Extracts of Traditional Chinese Medicine Statistics. Qualitative data at micro level was gathered through interviews and second-hand material collection at two of the top-level TCM hospitals...
June 7, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998322/international-federation-for-emergency-medicine-consensus-statement-sonography-in-hypotension-and-cardiac-arrest-shoc-an-international-consensus-on-the-use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-undifferentiated-hypotension-and-during-cardiac-arrest
#6
Paul Atkinson, Justin Bowra, James Milne, David Lewis, Mike Lambert, Bob Jarman, Vicki E Noble, Hein Lamprecht, Tim Harris, Jim Connolly
: Introduction The International Federation for Emergency Medicine (IFEM) Ultrasound Special Interest Group (USIG) was tasked with development of a hierarchical consensus approach to the use of point of care ultrasound (PoCUS) in patients with hypotension and cardiac arrest. METHODS: The IFEM USIG invited 24 recognized international leaders in PoCUS from emergency medicine and critical care to form an expert panel to develop the sonography in hypotension and cardiac arrest (SHoC) protocol...
December 21, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986628/hysteresis-losses-and-specific-absorption-rate-measurements-in-magnetic-nanoparticles-for-hyperthermia-applications
#7
Marco Coïsson, Gabriele Barrera, Federica Celegato, Luca Martino, Shashank N Kane, Saroj Raghuvanshi, Franco Vinai, Paola Tiberto
BACKGROUND: Magnetic hysteresis loops areas and hyperthermia on magnetic nanoparticles have been studied with the aim of providing reliable and reproducible methods of measuring the specific absorption rate (SAR). METHODS: The SAR of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with two different mean sizes, and Ni1-xZnxFe2O4 ferrites with 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.8 has been measured with three approaches: static hysteresis loops areas, dynamic hysteresis loops areas and hyperthermia of a water solution...
December 14, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966413/-orthopaedics-megalomania-myth-or-mobbing
#8
Per Hviid Gundtoft, Eske Brand, Jakob Klit, Kristoffer Barfod Weisskirchner
INTRODUCTION: It is a general impression in the world of medicine that orthopaedic surgeons differ from doctors of other specialities in terms of intellect and self-confidence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the self-confidence of orthopaedics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We asked doctors from 30 different specialities to fill out a questionnaire. In addition to this, the participating orthopaedics were asked to rate their self-perceived surgical skills. RESULTS: In all, 120 orthopaedics and 416 non-orthopaedic doctors completed the questionnaire...
December 12, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900863/-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-primary-hyperparathyroidism-in-outpatient-care-current-issues
#9
Helena Šiprová, Miroslav Souček, Zdeněk Fryšák, Květoslav Šipr
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic and therapeutic options in the care of patients with primary hyperparathyreosis in outpatient practice.Cohort and methods: The study included all the patients with primary hyperparathyroidism treated at the 2nd Internal Medicine Department, Masaryk University and the University Hospital of St. Anne in Brno in the period from Jan 1, 2008 to Dec 31, 2013. The sample consisted of 218 patients, including 41 men and 177 women. Patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism, especially patients with underlying hypovitaminosis D, renal insufficiency and those taking medications with possible effects on parathyroid hormone levels, have not been included in the study...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855673/gender-and-physician-specialization-and-practice-settings-in-ecuador-a-qualitative-study
#10
Rita Bedoya-Vaca, Kathryn P Derose, Natalia Romero-Sandoval
BACKGROUND: The increasing proportion of women in the medical profession is a worldwide phenomenon often called the "feminization of medicine." However, it is understudied in low and middle-income countries, particularly in Latin America. METHODS: Using a qualitative, descriptive design, we explored the influence of gender and other factors on physician career decision-making and experiences, including medical specialty and public vs. private practice, in Quito, Ecuador, through in-depth, semi-structured interviews (n = 31) in 2014...
November 17, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824219/anaesthesia-management-for-non-cardiac-surgery-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#11
Tomohiro Yamamoto, Ehrenfried Schindler
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common form of congenital abnormality and occurs in over 1% of newborns. Approximately 30% of children with CHD have other extra-cardiac anomalies, which significantly increases mortality in CHD patients. It is expected that the number of CHD patients who consult non-specialized hospitals for non-cardiac surgery after palliative or corrective operations will increase because of the extraordinary progression of treatments, such as surgical procedures, interventional procedures, and intensive care medicine, as well as diagnosis...
2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737481/ultrasound-collaboration-across-europe-an-efsumb-success-story-in-politically-troubled-times
#12
P S Sidhu
In these days of political vagueness, to use a kinder term, although many would describe the situation as turmoil, in Europe, there are success stories to be lauded. Notwithstanding the direction individual countries choose in relation to closer or not so close co-operation in Europe and the direction the political agenda will travel over the next few years, I believe science and in particular medicine has benefited enormously form close co-operation across the European Union and with colleagues outside this political and trading block of nations...
October 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734452/a-case-of-prehospital-traumatic-arrest-in-a-us-special-operations-soldier-care-from-point-of-injury-to-full-recovery
#13
Myles R McKenzie, Ernest W Parrish, Ethan A Miles, James C Spradling, Lanny F Littlejohn, Mark D Quinlan, George A Barbee, David R King
During an assault on an extremely remote target, a US Special Operations Soldier sustained multiple gunshot and fragmentation wounds to the thorax, resulting in a traumatic arrest and subsequent survival. His care, including care under fire, tactical field care, tactical evacuation care, and Role III, IV, and V care, is presented. The case is used to illustrate the complex dynamics of Special Operations care on the modern battlefield and the exceptional outcomes possible when evidence-based medicine is taken to the warfighter with effective, farforward, expeditionary medical-force projection...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681667/nonequilibrium-hybridization-enables-discrimination-of-a-point-mutation-within-5-40-%C3%A2-c
#14
Maria Stancescu, Tatiana A Fedotova, Jef Hooyberghs, Alexander Balaeff, Dmitry M Kolpashchikov
Detection of point mutations and single nucleotide polymorphisms in DNA and RNA has a growing importance in biology, biotechnology, and medicine. For the application at hand, hybridization assays are often used. Traditionally, they differentiate point mutations only at elevated temperatures (>40 °C) and in narrow intervals (ΔT = 1-10 °C). The current study demonstrates that a specially designed multistranded DNA probe can differentiate point mutations in the range of 5-40 °C. This unprecedentedly broad ambient-temperature range is enabled by a controlled combination of (i) nonequilibrium hybridization conditions and (ii) a mismatch-induced increase of equilibration time in respect to that of a fully matched complex, which we dub "kinetic inversion"...
October 4, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677879/preoperative-planning-with-three-dimensional-reconstruction-of-patient-s-anatomy-rapid-prototyping-and-simulation-for-endoscopic-mitral-valve-repair
#15
Peyman Sardari Nia, Samuel Heuts, Jean Daemen, Peter Luyten, Jindrich Vainer, Jan Hoorntje, Emile Cheriex, Jos Maessen
OBJECTIVES: Mitral valve repair performed by an experienced surgeon is superior to mitral valve replacement for degenerative mitral valve disease; however, many surgeons are still deterred from adapting this procedure because of a steep learning curve. Simulation-based training and planning could improve the surgical performance and reduce the learning curve. The aim of this study was to develop a patient-specific simulation for mitral valve repair and provide a proof of concept of personalized medicine in a patient prospectively planned for mitral valve surgery...
September 27, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629698/studying-the-pathophysiologic-connection-between-cardiovascular-and-nervous-systems-using-stem-cells
#16
Volkan Coskun, Dawn M Lombardo
The cardiovascular and nervous systems are deeply connected during development, health, and disease. Both systems affect and regulate the development of each other during embryogenesis and the early postnatal period. Specialized neural crest cells contribute to cardiac structures, and a number of growth factors released from the cardiac tissue (e.g., glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, neurturin, nerve growth factor, Neurotrophin-3) ensure proper maturation of the incoming parasympathetic and sympathetic neurons...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612312/-validity-and-reliability-of-the-german-version-of-the-hss-expectation-questionnaire-on-hip-joint-replacement
#17
F Balck, S Kirschner, C Jeszenszky, M Lippmann, K-P Günther
Background: Total hip arthroplasty is one of the most successful operations in medicine. The clinical result after surgery and compliance during rehabilitation are influenced by the patient's expectations. There is a lack of a validated German instrument to record these expectations in a standardised manner. Patients: 193 patients from the Dresden Hip Register with osteoarthritis of the hip were surveyed with respect to their expectations before the operation. The study sample consists of 108 women and 85 men...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505953/-case-control-study-on-chinese-medicine-fumigation-and-massage-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-knee-stability-and-func-tional-recovery-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-operation
#18
Zhong-han Min, Ying Zhou, Lin Jing, Hong-mei Zhang, Sheng Wang, Wei-heng Chen, Ping-quan Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical outcomes of Chinese medidine fumigation and massage therapy for the treatment of knee stability and functional recovery after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction operation,and to explore the effect on tendon-bone healing. METHODS: Total 50 patients were divided into two groups: the control group (normal rehabilitation therapy group),the treatment group (Chinese medicine fumigation and manipulation group). There were 25 patients in the control group, including 16 males and 9 females, who were treated with isometric muscle training, with the gradually enlarging amplitude of flexion and progressive loading of bearing training for knee recovery...
May 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450596/case-report-of-an-anthrax-presentation-relevant-to-special-operations-medicine
#19
Stephen Winkler, Robert W Enzenauer, James W Karesh, Nshimyimana Pasteur, Derek L Eisnor, Rex B Painter, Christopher J Calvano
Special Operations Forces (SOF) medical personnel function worldwide in environments where endemic anthrax (caused by Bacillus anthracis infection) may present in one of three forms: cutaneous, pulmonary, or gastrointestinal. This report presents a rare periocular anthrax case from Haiti to emphasize the need for heightened diagnostic suspicion of unusual lesions likely to be encountered in SOF theaters.
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391622/champ-symposium-on-androgens-anabolic-steroids-and-related-substances-what-we-know-and-what-we-need-to-know
#20
Melissa L Givens, Patricia A Deuster, Brian R Kupchak
The Consortium of Health and Military Performance hosted a symposium in April 2015 entitled "Androgens, Anabolic Steroids, and Related Substances: What We Know and What We Need to Know" in response to concerns from the field regarding Anabolic Androgenic Steroids use by U.S. service members. The symposium was attended by military and civilian subject-matter experts in sports medicine and anabolic steroids and was held at the United Service Organizations (Naval Support Activity Bethesda) in Bethesda, Maryland...
July 2016: Military Medicine
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