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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753336/an-important-milestone-in-parasitology-celebrating-a-hundred-volumes-of-advances-in-parasitology
#1
J Russell Stothard, David Rollinson
Beginning in 1963, the founding rationale of Advances in Parasitology was to provide authentic, well-documented reviews by leading experts, about the progress being made in their area of specialism to inform the wider cadre of parasitologists, disseminating this information across allied disciplines and all users. Some 55 years later, the Series has accumulated over 667 published articles, with just over 650 authors contributing either alone or in collaboration, and has successfully served the parasitological needs of medical, veterinary and wildlife scientific communities with equity, notwithstanding treatises on vectors or intermediate hosts, as well as 'honorary parasites' such as viruses, bacteria and fungi...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713592/advances-in-malaria-elimination-in-botswana-a-dramatic-shift-to-parasitological-diagnosis-2008-2014
#2
K Moakofhi, J K Edwards, M Motlaleng, J Namboze, W Butt, M Obopile, T Mosweunyane, M Manzi, K C Takarinda, P Owiti
Background: Malaria elimination requires infection detection using quality assured diagnostics and appropriate treatment regimens. Although Botswana is moving towards malaria elimination, reports of unconfirmed cases may jeopardise this effort. This study aimed to determine the proportion of cases treated for malaria that were confirmed by rapid diagnostic testing (RDT) and/or microscopy. Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study using routine national data from the integrated disease surveillance and case-based surveillance systems from 2008 to 2014...
April 25, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559155/simple-but-not-easy-opportunities-and-challenges-from-teachers-and-students-perspectives-in-the-21st-century-of-veterinary-parasitology-teaching
#3
Christina Strube, Katharina Raue, Elisabeth Janecek
One of the main goals in academia is, and has been, high quality education of students to provide theoretical and practical knowledge essential for professional life. Achieving this goal is highly dependent on teaching procedures and, consequently, on a constant adaptation of teaching styles to align to technical advances and cutting-edge topics. Technical advances can strongly influence teaching and learning in the complex subject area of veterinary parasitology. Today's students are provided with extensive, digital lecture notes, and e-learning offers including virtual microscope technology to independently obtain intensified theoretical knowledge and understanding...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559154/veterinary-parasitology-teaching-in-china-in-the-21st-century-challenges-opportunities-and-perspectives
#4
Guo-Hua Liu, Long-Xian Zhang, Feng-Cai Zou, Zi-Guo Yuan, Guang-Hui Zhao, Min Hu, Xun Suo, Xing-Quan Zhu
China has made significant achievements in social-economic development in the last three decades, and the numbers of livestock and companion animals are rapidly increasing. Some advances have been made in the control and prevention of animal parasitic diseases, but there are still some significant challenges, particularly in relation to foodborne parasitic zoonoses and vector-borne diseases. In addition, new molecular (e.g., genomic and transcriptomic) technologies have been developed and are gradually being introduced into the veterinary parasitology field...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530311/monogenean-parasite-cultures-current-techniques-and-recent-advances
#5
Kate Suzanne Hutson, Alexander Karlis Brazenor, David Brendan Vaughan, Alejandro Trujillo-González
Global expansion in fish production and trade of aquatic ornamental species requires advances in aquatic animal health management. Aquatic parasite cultures permit diverse research opportunities to understand parasite-host dynamics and are essential to validate the efficacy of treatments that could reduce infections in captive populations. Monogeneans are important pathogenic parasites of captured captive fishes and exhibit a single-host life cycle, which makes them amenable to in vivo culture. Continuous cultures of oviparous monogenean parasites provide a valuable resource of eggs, oncomiracidia (larvae) and adult parasites for use in varied ecological and applied scientific research...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469471/-progress-of-molecular-detection-of-schistosoma
#6
Zhang Yan, Dong Hui-Fen, Jiang Ming-Sen, Zhao Qin-Ping
Schistosomiasis diagnosis plays an important role in the schistosomiasis control. The early detection of schistosomiasis can help to find the infectious source and prevent advanced schistosomiasis effectively. Up to now, serodiagnosis and parasitological diagnosis are used commonly to detect the infection of Schistosoma . As the schistosomiasis control program continues in China, the infection rate and infection intensity of Schistosoma japonicum are decreased significantly, which makes the serodiagnosis and parasitological diagnosis limited for lacking of sensitivity and timeliness...
August 29, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469441/-endemic-status-of-schistosomiasis-in-people-s-republic-of-china-in-2016
#7
Zhang Li-Juan, Xu Zhi-Min, Qian Ying-Jun, Dang Hui, Lü Shan, Xu Jing, Li Shi-Zhu, Zhou Xiao-Nong
This report presents the endemic status of schistosomiasis in the People's Republic of China at national level in 2016, and analyzes the data collected from the national schistosomiasis prevention and control system and 454 national schistosomiasis surveillance sites. Among the 12 provinces (municipality and autonomous region) of endemic of schistosomiasis japonica in P. R. China, 5 provinces (municipality and autonomous region), i.e., Shanghai, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong and Guangxi, had achieved elimination, and 7 provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan, Jiangsu, Hubei, Anhui, Jiangxi and Hunan had achieved transmission control by the end of 2016...
December 28, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370872/cyathostomine-egg-reappearance-period-following-ivermectin-treatment-in-a-cohort-of-uk-thoroughbreds
#8
Rebecca A Molena, Laura E Peachey, Angela Di Cesare, Donato Traversa, Cinzia Cantacessi
BACKGROUND: In spite of the emergence of populations of drug-resistant cyathostomines worldwide, little is known of parasite species responsible for 'early egg shedding' in cohorts of horses subjected to treatment with widely used anthelmintics, e.g. ivermectin (IVM). In this study, we determined the cyathostomine egg reappearance period (ERP) after IVM treatment in a cohort of yearlings from a large Thoroughbred (TB) stud farm in the United Kingdom, and identified species of cyathostomines with reduced ERP using a combination of fundamental parasitology techniques coupled with advanced molecular tools...
January 25, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331278/impact-of-treatment-with-a-protein-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-genistein-on-acute-and-chronic-experimental-schistosoma-mansoni-infection
#9
Maysa Mohamed Kamel Sobhy, Soheir Sayed Mahmoud, Shaimaa Helmy El-Sayed, Enas Mohamed Ali Rizk, Amira Raafat, Mohamed Sherif Ismail Negm
Schistosomiasis mansoni is considered one of the most common fibrotic diseases resulting from inflammation and deposition of fibrous tissue around parasitic eggs trapped in the liver, causing morbidity and mortality. Chemotherapy against schistosomiasis is largely dependent on Praziquantel (PZQ). Yet, the huge administration of it in endemic areas and its incompetence towards the immature stages have raised serious alarms against the development of drug resistance. Few drugs are directed to reverse schistosomal liver fibrosis, particularly at the chronic and advanced stages of the disease...
February 2018: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309253/advances-in-parasitology-volume-97advances-in-parasitology-volume-97-by-david-rollinson-and-j-russell-stothard-serial-editors-academic-press-london-uk-2017-336-pp-print-isbn-978-0-12-811558-9-ebook-isbn-978-0-12-811559-6-us-231-print-%C3%A2-140-or-us-231-ebook-%C3%A2
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235363/phenotypic-screening-approaches-for-chagas-disease-drug-discovery
#11
Eric Chatelain, Jean-Robert Ioset
Chagas disease, caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is a global public health issue. Current treatments targeting the parasite are limited to two old nitroheterocyclic drugs with serious side effects. The need for new and safer drugs has prompted numerous drug discovery efforts to identify compounds suitable for parasitological cure in the last decade. Areas covered: Target-based drug discovery has been limited by the small number of well-validated targets - the latest example being the failure of azoles, T...
February 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942772/hook-line-and-infection-a-guide-to-culturing-parasites-establishing-infections-and-assessing-immune-responses-in-the-three-spined-stickleback
#12
Alexander Stewart, Joseph Jackson, Iain Barber, Christophe Eizaguirre, Rachel Paterson, Pieter van West, Chris Williams, Joanne Cable
The three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) is a model organism with an extremely well-characterized ecology, evolutionary history, behavioural repertoire and parasitology that is coupled with published genomic data. These small temperate zone fish therefore provide an ideal experimental system to study common diseases of coldwater fish, including those of aquacultural importance. However, detailed information on the culture of stickleback parasites, the establishment and maintenance of infections and the quantification of host responses is scattered between primary and grey literature resources, some of which is not readily accessible...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870244/review-of-echinococcus-and-echinococcosis-part-a-edited-by-r-c-andrew-thompson-alan-j-lymbery-and-peter-deplazes
#13
Akira Ito
Thompson RCA, Deplazes P, Lymbery AJ, Editors. Echinococcus and Echinococcosis, Part A. Volume 95, Advances in Parasitology 95. Academic Press; 2017. 525 pages, ISBN 978-0-12-8114711 (hardcover); 9780128114728 (eBook).
September 4, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717322/th1-th2-balance-and-humoral-immune-response-to-potential-antigens-as-early-diagnostic-method-of-equine-strongylus-nematode-infection
#14
Faten A M Abo-Aziza, Seham H M Hendawy, Amira H El Namaky, Heba M Ashry
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the early diagnosis of strongyle infection based on early changes in Th1 and Th2 cytokines beside the diagnostic accuracy values and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and western blotting profiles using prepared strongyles antigens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 73 donkeys had a mean age of 4-32 years old were parasitologically examined for strongyle infection. The early changes in Th1 and Th2 cytokines were determined, and the diagnostic accuracy values and SDS-PAGE and western blotting profiles were performed using prepared strongyles antigens; crude somatic Strongylusvulgaris (CSS), excretory-secretory S...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686693/ivermectin-treatment-of-loa-loa-hyper-microfilaraemic-baboons-papio-anubis-assessment-of-microfilarial-load-reduction-haematological-and-biochemical-parameters-and-histopathological-changes-following-treatment
#15
Samuel Wanji, Ebanga-Echi J Eyong, Nicholas Tendongfor, Che J Ngwa, Elive N Esuka, Arnaud J Kengne-Ouafo, Fabrice R Datchoua-Poutcheu, Peter Enyong, Dalen Agnew, Rob R Eversole, Adrian Hopkins, Charles D Mackenzie
BACKGROUND: Individuals with high intensity of Loa loa are at risk of developing serious adverse events (SAEs) post treatment with ivermectin. These SAEs have remained unclear and a programmatic impediment to the advancement of community directed treatment with ivermectin. The pathogenesis of these SAEs following ivermectin has never been investigated experimentally. The Loa/baboon (Papio anubis) model can be used to investigate the pathogenesis of Loa-associated encephalopathy following ivermectin treatment in humans...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555175/maldi-tof-ms-profiling-advances-in-species-identification-of-pests-parasites-and-vectors
#16
REVIEW
Jayaseelan Murugaiyan, Uwe Roesler
Invertebrate pests and parasites of humans, animals, and plants continue to cause serious diseases and remain as a high treat to agricultural productivity and storage. The rapid and accurate species identification of the pests and parasites are needed for understanding epidemiology, monitoring outbreaks, and designing control measures. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) profiling has emerged as a rapid, cost effective, and high throughput technique of microbial species identification in modern diagnostic laboratories...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456692/parasites-as-drivers-of-key-processes-in-aquatic-ecosystems-facts-and-future-directions
#17
B Sures, M Nachev, M Pahl, D Grabner, C Selbach
Despite the advances in our understanding of the ecological importance of parasites that we have made in recent years, we are still far away from having a complete picture of the ecological implications connected to parasitism. In the present paper we highlight key issues that illustrate (1) important contributions of parasites to biodiversity, (2) their integral role in ecosystems, (3) as well as their ecological effects as keystone species (4) and in biological invasion processes. By using selected examples from aquatic ecosystems we want to provide an insight and generate interest into the topic, and want to show directions for future research in the field of ecological parasitology...
September 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424102/gaining-insights-into-the-ecological-role-of-the-new-zealand-sole-peltorhamphus-novaezeelandiae-through-parasites
#18
T Anglade, H S Randhawa
Despite the fact that tapeworms comprise the bulk of parasite communities of sharks in marine ecosystems, little is known about their life cycles and, more specifically, about the potential intermediate hosts they utilize as transmission routes. In the absence of morphological features required for specific identification of larval tapeworms from potential intermediate hosts, recent molecular advances have contributed to linking larval and adult parasites and, in some instances, uncovering unknown trophic links...
March 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274280/a-novel-duplex-ddpcr-assay-for-the-diagnosis-of-schistosomiasis-japonica-proof-of-concept-in-an-experimental-mouse-model
#19
Kosala G Weerakoon, Catherine A Gordon, Pengfei Cai, Geoffrey N Gobert, Mary Duke, Gail M Williams, Donald P McManus
The current World Health Organization strategic plan targets the elimination of schistosomiasis as a public health problem by 2025 and accurate diagnostics will play a pivotal role in achieving this goal. DNA-based detection methods provide a viable alternative to some of the commonly used tests, notably microscopy and serology, for the diagnosis of schistosomiasis. The detection of parasite cell-free DNA in different clinical samples is a recent valuable advance, which provides significant benefits for accurate disease diagnosis...
July 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109302/review-of-mathematical-models-for-neglected-tropical-diseases-essential-tools-for-control-and-elimination-part-b-edited-by-maria-gloria-bas%C3%A3-%C3%A3-ez-and-roy-m-anderson
#20
REVIEW
Robert C Spear
Basáñez MG, Anderson RM, Editors: Mathematical Models for Neglected Tropical Diseases: Essential Tools for Control and Elimination, Part B, Volume 94, Advances in Parasitology, Academic Press; 2016, 430 pages. ISBN: 978-0-12-809971-1.
January 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
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