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Passiflora

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732469/microsatellite-marker-development-by-partial-sequencing-of-the-sour-passion-fruit-genome-passiflora-edulis-sims
#1
Susan Araya, Alexandre M Martins, Nilton T V Junqueira, Ana Maria Costa, Fábio G Faleiro, Márcio E Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The Passiflora genus comprises hundreds of wild and cultivated species of passion fruit used for food, industrial, ornamental and medicinal purposes. Efforts to develop genomic tools for genetic analysis of P. edulis, the most important commercial Passiflora species, are still incipient. In spite of many recognized applications of microsatellite markers in genetics and breeding, their availability for passion fruit research remains restricted. Microsatellite markers in P. edulis are usually limited in number, show reduced polymorphism, and are mostly based on compound or imperfect repeats...
July 21, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727747/plant-species-dispersed-by-galapagos-tortoises-surf-the-wave-of-habitat-suitability-under-anthropogenic-climate-change
#2
Diego Ellis-Soto, Stephen Blake, Alaaeldin Soultan, Anne Guézou, Fredy Cabrera, Stefan Lötters
Native biodiversity on the Galapagos Archipelago is severely threatened by invasive alien species. On Santa Cruz Island, the abundance of introduced plant species is low in the arid lowlands of the Galapagos National Park, but increases with elevation into unprotected humid highlands. Two common alien plant species, guava (Psidium guajava) and passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) occur at higher elevations yet their seeds are dispersed into the lowlands by migrating Galapagos tortoises (Chelonoidis spp.). Tortoises transport large quantities of seeds over long distances into environments in which they have little or no chance of germination and survival under current climate conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568647/standardized-passiflora-incarnata-l-extract-reverts-the-analgesia-induced-by-alcohol-withdrawal-in-rats
#3
Rebeca Vargas Antunes Schunck, Isabel Cristina Macedo, Gabriela Laste, Andressa de Souza, Marina Tuerlinckx Costa Valle, Janaína L O Salomón, Ellen Almeida Nunes, Andreia Cristina Wildner Campos, Simone Cristina Baggio Gnoatto, Ana Maria Bergold, Eduardo L Konrath, Eliane Dallegrave, Marcelo Dutra Arbo, Iraci L S Torres, Mirna Bainy Leal
Passiflora incarnata L. (Passifloraceae) has been traditionally used for treatment of anxiety, insomnia, drug addiction, mild infections, and pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a commercial extract of P. incarnata in the analgesia induced by alcohol withdrawal syndrome in rats. In addition, brain-derived neurotrophic factor and interleukin-10 levels were evaluated in prefrontal cortex, brainstem, and hippocampus. Male adult rats received by oral gavage: (1: water group) water for 19 days, 1 day interval and water (8 days); (2: P...
June 1, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556245/physicochemical-properties-rheology-and-degree-of-esterification-of-passion-fruit-passiflora-edulis-f-flavicarpa-peel-flour
#4
Emanuela M Coelho, Luciana C de Azevêdo, Arão C Viana, Ingrid G Ramos, Raquel G Gomes, Marcos Dos S Lima, Marcelo A Umza-Guez
BACKGROUND: The peel of yellow passion fruit is as an agroindustrial waste of great environmental impact, representing more than 50% of the total weight of the fruit. For this reason, and also considering its importance as a source of functional components such as pectin, this organic waste is increasingly attracting the attention of researchers. The aim of this study was to investigate the physicochemical composition and physical properties of this material, which may be of interest to the food industry...
May 27, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530605/screening-of-passiflora-l-mineral-content-using-principal-component-analysis-and-kohonen-self-organizing-maps
#5
Cleber Galvão Novaes, Ivana Lago da Silva Romão, Berlane Gomes Santos, Jéssica Palhares Ribeiro, Marcos Almeida Bezerra, Erik Galvão Paranhos da Silva
A method using digestion with diluted nitric acid and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry was applied to determine metal ions in the peel, pulp, and seed of Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa and Passiflora cincinnata cultivated in the Bahia state, Brazil. Plasma parameters (radio frequency power and argon flow rates) were optimized. The quantification limits (µg g(-1)) were: Ca (43.0); Co (1.3); Cu (10.0); Fe (10.0); K (20.0); Mg (26.6); Mn (0.33); Na (56.6) and Zn (10.0). The accuracy of the method was evaluated by the analysis of certified reference materials (NIST 1567a Wheat Flour and NIST 1577b Bovine Liver)...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460972/bioactive-amines-in-passiflora-are-affected-by-species-and-fruit-development
#6
Larissa L Bomtempo, Ana Maria Costa, Herbert Lima, Nicki Engeseth, Maria Beatriz A Gloria
Bioactive amines were determined in selected passion fruit species and throughout fruit development. The same amines (spermine, spermidine, agmatine, putrescine and tryptamine) were found in four Passiflora species (2008-2010 growing seasons) at different concentrations: P. alata had higher polyamines (spermine+spermidine, 8.41mg/100g); P. setacea and P. nitida had higher putrescine (>7.0mg/100g); and P. setacea had higher agmatine contents (1.37mg/100g) compared to the others. The indolamine tryptamine was present at low concentrations in all species (~0...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372151/quantification-of-phytoprostanes-bioactive-oxylipins-and-phenolic-compounds-of-passiflora-edulis-sims-shell-using-uhplc-qqq-ms-ms-and-lc-it-dad-ms-ms
#7
Sonia Medina, Jacinta Collado-González, Federico Ferreres, Julián Londoño-Londoño, Claudio Jiménez-Cartagena, Alexandre Guy, Thierry Durand, Jean-Marie Galano, Angel Gil-Izquierdo
The genus Passiflora, comprising about 500 species, is the largest in the Passion flower family. Passiflora edulis Sims f. edulis (gulupa) is one of the most important fruits cultivated in Colombia. In recent years and due to its organoleptic and bioactive properties, its exports have significantly increased. In this work, six new bioactive oxylipins -phytoprostanes - were detected in gulupa shell by a UHPLC-QqQ-MS/MS method: F1t-phytoprostanes and D1t-phytoprostanes were the predominant and minor classes, respectively...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370071/effects-of-dehydration-methods-on-quality-characteristics-of-yellow-passion-fruit-co-products
#8
Neiton C Silva, Claudio R Duarte, Marcos As Barrozo
BACKGROUND: The production and processing of fruits generate a large amount of residues, which are usually disposed of or under-used, representing losses of raw material and energy. The present paper investigates the effect of four dehydration techniques (convective, infrared, microwave and freeze-drying) on yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa) co-products and the influence of the main variables on moisture removal and bioactive compounds. The compounds analyzed were total phenolics, total flavonoids, ascorbic acid and pectin...
April 2, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369351/morphometric-analysis-of-passiflora-leaves-the-relationship-between-landmarks-of-the-vasculature-and-elliptical-fourier-descriptors-of-the-blade
#9
Daniel H Chitwood, Wagner C Otoni
Background: Leaf shape among Passiflora species is spectacularly diverse. Underlying this diversity in leaf shape are profound changes in the patterning of the primary vasculature and laminar outgrowth. Each of these aspects of leaf morphology-vasculature and blade-provides different insights into leaf patterning. Results: Here, we morphometrically analyze >3300 leaves from 40 different Passiflora species collected sequentially across the vine. Each leaf is measured in two different ways: using 1) 15 homologous Procrustes-adjusted landmarks of the vasculature, sinuses, and lobes; and 2) Elliptical Fourier Descriptors (EFDs), which quantify the outline of the leaf...
January 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344587/the-chloroplast-genome-of-passiflora-edulis-passifloraceae-assembled-from-long-sequence-reads-structural-organization-and-phylogenomic-studies-in-malpighiales
#10
Luiz A Cauz-Santos, Carla F Munhoz, Nathalie Rodde, Stephane Cauet, Anselmo A Santos, Helen A Penha, Marcelo C Dornelas, Alessandro M Varani, Giancarlo C X Oliveira, Hélène Bergès, Maria Lucia C Vieira
The family Passifloraceae consists of some 700 species classified in around 16 genera. Almost all its members belong to the genus Passiflora. In Brazil, the yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) is of considerable economic importance, both for juice production and consumption as fresh fruit. The availability of chloroplast genomes (cp genomes) and their sequence comparisons has led to a better understanding of the evolutionary relationships within plant taxa. In this study, we obtained the complete nucleotide sequence of the P...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325219/homeopathy-outperforms-antibiotics-treatment-in-juvenile-scallop-argopecten-ventricosus-effects-on-growth-survival-and-immune-response
#11
José Manuel Mazón-Suástegui, Milagro García-Bernal, Pedro Enrique Saucedo, Ángel Campa-Córdova, Fernando Abasolo-Pacheco
BACKGROUND: Mortality from vibriosis in mollusk production is attributed to pathogenic bacteria, particularly Vibrio alginolyticus. Use of increasingly potent antibiotics has led to bacterial resistance and increased pathogenicity. Alternatives in sanitation, safety, and environmental sustainability are currently under analysis. To-date, homeopathy has been investigated in aquaculture of freshwater fish, but not in marine mollusks. The effect of the homeopathic complexes in the growth, survival, and immune response of the Catarina scallop Argopecten ventricosus were assessed...
February 2017: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293192/indole-alkaloids-from-plants-as-potential-leads-for-antidepressant-drugs-a-mini-review
#12
Hazrulrizawati A Hamid, Aizi N M Ramli, Mashitah M Yusoff
Depression is the most common illness observed in the elderly, adults, and children. Antidepressants prescribed are usually synthetic drugs and these can sometimes cause a wide range of unpleasant side effects. Current research is focussed on natural products from plants as they are a rich source of potent new drug leads. Besides Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort), the plants studied include Passiflora incarnata L. (passion flower), Mitragyna speciosa (kratom), Piper methysticum G. Forst (kava) and Valeriana officinalis L...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284791/treatment-and-management-of-liver-diseases-by-khmer-traditional-healers-practicing-in-phnom-penh-area-cambodia
#13
François Chassagne, Eric Deharo, Hieng Punley, Geneviève Bourdy
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Liver disorders are a major health problem in Cambodia, where some patients prefer to seek treatment from traditional healers. The aim of the study was to document the knowledge and practices of these healers in four Southern Cambodian provinces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An ethnopharmacological survey was carried out from September 2015 to January 2016 in Cambodian urban and rural areas. Thirty-three Khmer traditional healers (KTH) were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire including socio-demographic data, healer's formation and their professional practice conditions, perception of liver diseases (types and causes of liver disorders, diagnostic methods and symptoms of liver problems), dietary recommendations given to patients, and herbal remedies used to treat them...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271875/in-vivo-selected-pyrazinoic-acid-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strains-harbor-missense-mutations-in-the-aspartate-decarboxylase-pand-and-the-unfoldase-clpc1
#14
Pooja Gopal, Rokeya Tasneen, Michelle Yee, Jean-Philippe Lanoix, Jansy Sarathy, George Rasic, Liping Li, Véronique Dartois, Eric Nuermberger, Thomas Dick
Through mutant selection on agar containing pyrazinoic acid (POA), the bioactive form of the prodrug pyrazinamide (PZA), we recently showed that missense mutations in the aspartate decarboxylase PanD and the unfoldase ClpC1, and loss-of-function mutation of polyketide synthases Mas and PpsA-E involved in phthiocerol dimycocerosate synthesis, cause resistance to POA and PZA in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Here we first asked whether these in vitro-selected POA/PZA-resistant mutants are attenuated in vivo, to potentially explain the lack of evidence of these mutations among PZA-resistant clinical isolates...
July 14, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254981/genome-sequence-of-euphorbia-mosaic-virus-from-passionfruit-and-euphorbia-heterophylla-in-florida
#15
J E Polston, M A Londoño, A L Cohen, M Padilla-Rodriguez, K Rosario, M Breitbart
Euphorbia mosaic virus (EuMV) was found in a symptomatic passionfruit (Passiflora edulis) plant from Homestead, Florida, USA, as well as in the symptomatic weed Euphorbia heterophylla This is the first identification of EuMV in Florida and the United States and the first report of a natural infection of passionfruit by EuMV.
March 2, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199443/secondary-structure-of-nrdna-internal-transcribed-spacers-as-a-useful-tool-to-align-highly-divergent-species-in-phylogenetic-studies
#16
Giovanna C Giudicelli, Geraldo Mäder, Gustavo A Silva-Arias, Priscilla M Zamberlan, Sandro L Bonatto, Loreta B Freitas
Recently, it has been suggested that internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences are under selective constraints to preserve their secondary structure. Here, we investigate the patterns of the ITS nucleotide and secondary structure conservation across the Passiflora L. genus to evaluate the potential use of secondary structure data as a helpful tool for the alignment in taxonomically complex genera. Considering the frequent use of ITS, this study also presents a perspective on future analyses in other plant groups...
2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192885/polyphenols-rich-passiflora-leschenaultii-leaves-modulating-farnesoid-x-receptor-and-pregnane-x-receptor-against-paracetamol-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#17
Saravanan Shanmugam, Dhivya Sivaraj, Bruno Dos Santos Lima, Paula Dos Passos Menezes, Yasmim Maria Barbosa Gomes de Carvalho, Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo, Narendra Narain, Mairim Russo Serafini, Lucindo José Quintans Júnior, Luciana Scotti, Marcus Tulius Scotti, Thangaraj Parimelazhagan
The hepatoprotective effect of P. leschenaultii. (DC) leaves was investigated in rats under paracetamol induced oxidative stress. Leaf acetone extract (200 and 400mg/kg) were administered daily via gavage for 14days before paracetamol (2000mg/kg, p.o.) treatment. After the experiment, the levels of serum biochemical parameters and enzymatic antioxidant levels were determined. Furthermore, liver tissues were analyzed histopathologically. Additionally, the molecular docking studies of the identified compounds against PXR and FXR proteins were also performed...
April 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189068/passiflora-tarminiana-fruits-reduce-uvb-induced-photoaging-in-human-skin-fibroblasts
#18
Karent Bravo, Luisa Duque, Federico Ferreres, Diego A Moreno, Edison Osorio
Skin aging is a complex process that is strongly affected by UV radiation, which stimulates the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the epidermis and dermis and subsequently causes skin damage. Among the major consequences are increased collagen degradation and reduced collagen synthesis. Previous reports have demonstrated the beneficial effects of polyphenols for healthy skin. Passiflora tarminiana Coppens & V.E. Barney, a species of the Passifloraceae family, is widely distributed in South America and is rich in flavonoids...
March 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179114/medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-snakebite-in-central-america-review-and-assessment-of-scientific-evidence
#19
REVIEW
Peter Giovannini, Melanie-Jayne R Howes
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Every year between 1.2 and 5.5 million people worldwide are victims of snakebites, with about 400,000 left permanently injured. In Central America an estimated 5500 snakebite cases are reported by health centres, but this is likely to be an underestimate due to unreported cases in rural regions. The aim of this study is to review the medicinal plants used traditionally to treat snakebites in seven Central American countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174623/expression-patterns-of-passiflora-edulis-apetala1-fruitfull-homologues-shed-light-onto-tendril-and-corona-identities
#20
Livia C T Scorza, Jose Hernandes-Lopes, Gladys F A Melo-de-Pinna, Marcelo C Dornelas
BACKGROUND: Passiflora (passionflowers) makes an excellent model for studying plant evolutionary development. They are mostly perennial climbers that display axillary tendrils, which are believed to be modifications of the inflorescence. Passionflowers are also recognized by their unique flower features, such as the extra whorls of floral organs composed of corona filaments and membranes enclosing the nectary. Although some work on Passiflora organ ontogeny has been done, the developmental identity of both Passiflora tendrils and the corona is still controversial...
2017: EvoDevo
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