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Juan Carlos Vaca-Vaca, Emerson Clovis Carrasco-Lozano, Karina López-López
The complete genome sequence of a bipartite begomovirus (genus Begomovirus, family Geminiviridae) infecting yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) in the state of Valle del Cauca (Colombia) has been determined. The complete DNA-A and DNA-B components were determined to be 2600 and 2572 nt in length, respectively. The DNA-A showed the highest nucleotide sequence identity (87.2 %) to bean dwarf mosaic virus (M88179), a begomovirus found in common bean crops in Colombia, and only 77.4 % identity to passion fruit severe leaf distortion virus (FJ972767), a begomovirus identified infecting passion fruit in Brazil...
October 14, 2016: Archives of Virology
Victor Kuete, Joachim K Dzotam, Igor K Voukeng, Aimé G Fankam, Thomas Efferth
BACKGROUND: Cancer cells rapidly acquire resistance leading to treatment failures. In the present study, we have evaluated the cytotoxicity of 17 methanol extracts from 11 Cameroonian medicinal plants against the sensitive leukemia CCRF-CEM cells and the best ones were further tested on a panel of 8 other human cancer cell lines, including various MDR phenotypes as well as against the normal AML12 hepatocytes. METHODS: The cytotoxicity of the extracts was determined using a resazurin reduction assay meanwhile flow cytometry was used to measure cell cycle, apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and reactive oxygen species...
2016: SpringerPlus
Daisuke Arai, Ryousuke Kataoka, Satoshi Otsuka, Midori Kawamura, Hiroko Maruki-Uchida, Masahiko Sai, Tatsuhiko Ito, Yoichi Nakao
Piceatannol (3,3',4',5-trans-tetrahydroxystilbene) is a polyphenolic compound abundant in the seeds of passion fruit (Passiflora edulis). Piceatannol is an analogue of resveratrol (3,4',5-trans-trihydroxystilbene) and shares the structural motif and biological activities such as activation of SIRT1. Several studies have shown that piceatannol is more potent than resveratrol. In this study, we examined the effects of piceatannol on neural stem cell differentiation into astrocytes compared with those of resveratrol...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
Feng-Qing Xu, Ning Wang, Wei-Wei Fan, Cheng-Ting Zi, Hong-Su Zhao, Jiang-Miao Hu, Jun Zhou
Four new cycloartane triterpenoids, 1α,3β-dihydroxy-16-keto-24(31)-en-cycloartane (1), 31-methoxyl-passifloic acid (2), cyclopassifloside XIV (3), and cyclopassifloside XV (4), together with six known compounds (5-10) were isolated from Passiflora edulis Sims. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. All the compounds were evaluated for protective effects against damage of PC12 cell induced by glutamate according to traditional usage of the herbal medicine, and the results indicated that cycloartane triterpenoids maybe one of the active compositions of P...
September 27, 2016: Fitoterapia
Yu-Jie Zhang, Tong Zhou, Fang Wang, Yue Zhou, Ya Li, Jiao-Jiao Zhang, Jie Zheng, Dong-Ping Xu, Hua-Bin Li
Previous studies have shown that fruits have different effects on alcohol metabolism and alcohol-induced liver injury. The present work selected three fruits and aimed at studying the effects of Syzygium samarangense, Passiflora edulis and Solanum muricatum on alcohol-induced liver injury in mice. The animals were treated daily with alcohol and fruit juices for fifteen days. Chronic treatment with alcohol increased the levels of aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), total bilirubin (TBIL), triglyceride (TG), malondialdehyde (MDA), and decreased total protein (TP)...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Izabel Lucena Gadioli, Marcela de Sá Barreto da Cunha, Mariana Veras Oliveira de Carvalho, Ana Maria Costa, Lívia de Lacerda de Oliveira Pineli
Passiflora plants are strategic in the context of biodiversity for food and nutrition. We applied the procedures of a systematic review protocol to study the state of the art on identification of phenolic compounds from Passiflora plants. An automated literature search was conducted using six databases and a combination of seven keywords. All the analytical, chromatographic, and spectroscopic methods were included. The studies were classified according to their method of identification, phenolic classes, and method of extraction...
September 19, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
P W Crous, M J Wingfield, D M Richardson, J J Le Roux, D Strasberg, J Edwards, F Roets, V Hubka, P W J Taylor, M Heykoop, M P Martín, G Moreno, D A Sutton, N P Wiederhold, C W Barnes, J R Carlavilla, J Gené, A Giraldo, V Guarnaccia, J Guarro, M Hernández-Restrepo, M Kolařík, J L Manjón, I G Pascoe, E S Popov, M Sandoval-Denis, J H C Woudenberg, K Acharya, A V Alexandrova, P Alvarado, R N Barbosa, I G Baseia, R A Blanchette, T Boekhout, T I Burgess, J F Cano-Lira, A Čmoková, R A Dimitrov, M Yu Dyakov, M Dueñas, A K Dutta, F Esteve-Raventós, A G Fedosova, J Fournier, P Gamboa, D E Gouliamova, T Grebenc, M Groenewald, B Hanse, G E St J Hardy, B W Held, Ž Jurjević, T Kaewgrajang, K P D Latha, L Lombard, J J Luangsa-Ard, P Lysková, N Mallátová, P Manimohan, A N Miller, M Mirabolfathy, O V Morozova, M Obodai, N T Oliveira, M E Ordóñez, E C Otto, S Paloi, S W Peterson, C Phosri, J Roux, W A Salazar, A Sánchez, G A Sarria, H-D Shin, B D B Silva, G A Silva, M Th Smith, C M Souza-Motta, A M Stchigel, M M Stoilova-Disheva, M A Sulzbacher, M T Telleria, C Toapanta, J M Traba, N Valenzuela-Lopez, R Watling, J Z Groenewald
Novel species of fungi described in the present study include the following from Australia: Vermiculariopsiella eucalypti, Mulderomyces natalis (incl. Mulderomyces gen. nov.), Fusicladium paraamoenum, Neotrimmatostroma paraexcentricum, and Pseudophloeospora eucalyptorum on leaves of Eucalyptus spp., Anungitea grevilleae (on leaves of Grevillea sp.), Pyrenochaeta acaciae (on leaves of Acacia sp.), and Brunneocarpos banksiae (incl. Brunneocarpos gen. nov.) on cones of Banksia attenuata. Novel foliicolous taxa from South Africa include Neosulcatispora strelitziae (on Strelitzia nicolai), Colletotrichum ledebouriae (on Ledebouria floridunda), Cylindrosympodioides brabejum (incl...
June 2016: Persoonia
Daniel A V Montero, Marcia Ortiz M Marques, Laura M M Meletti, Maria H VAN Kampen, Sandra C Polozzi
This study describes for the first time the chemical composition and olfactive description of floral scent from Brazilian Passiflora (Passiflora edulis Sim, Passiflora alata Curtis, Passiflora cincinnata Mast., Passiflora coccinea Aubl. and Passiflora quadrangularis L.). Five species were grown in greenhouse at the Agronomic Institute (IAC), São Paulo, Brazil. Volatile compounds were collected using dynamic headspace. Analyses of scent composition were performed by gas chromatograph coupled to mass spectrometer...
September 2016: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
M L Anzoise, C Marrassini, H Bach, S Gorzalczany
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Passiflora caerulea L. (Passifloraceae) is a medicinal plant commonly used in traditional medicine in South America for different pathologies associated with the gastrointestinal tract. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study, the activity of the ethanolic extract of P. caerulea on an experimental colitis model related to inflammatory bowel disease has been investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Colitis was induced by intracolonic instillation of a 2mL of 4% (v/v) acetic acid solution...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Quan-You Yu, Shou-Min Fang, Ze Zhang, Chris D Jiggins
In the warfare between herbivore and host plant, insects have evolved a variety of defensive mechanisms, including allelochemical transformation and excretion. Several studies have explored the transcriptome responses of insects after host plant shifts to understand these mechanisms. We investigated the plastic responses of Heliconius melpomene larvae feeding on a native host Passiflora menispermifolia and a less strongly defended nonhost species, Passiflora biflora. In total, 326 differentially expressed genes were identified, with a greater number upregulated on the more strongly defended native host...
October 2016: Molecular Ecology
Saravanan Shanmugam, Parimelazhagan Thangaraj, Bruno Dos Santos Lima, Rahul Chandran, Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo, Narendra Narain, Mairim Russo Serafini, Lucindo José Quintans Júnior
Passiflora subpeltata has many beneficial effects in the treatment of various diseases including inflammation, pain and fever. This study was aimed to analyze the phytochemical compounds present in acetone extract of P. subpeltata leaves and to evaluate their performance against paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity activity. HPLC-DAD method was used to identify and quantify the phytochemical compounds. Hepatoprotective activity of acetone extract in the treatment of rat liver functions was monitored by the measurement of blood parameters and serum biochemical parameters such as SGOT, SGPT, ALP and in vivo antioxidant parameters viz...
August 24, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Harry Brailovsky
Anisoscelis currently comprises nine species and has been recorded from Texas (here recorded for the first time) on the south of the United States of North America across Mexico, Central and South America, but absent in Chile and the Great and Lesser Antilles; Anisoscelis (Bitta) flavolineatus Blanchard, 1849 is placed in synonym under Anisoscelis (Bitta) alipes Guérin-Méneville, 1831, and Anisoscelis (Bitta) flavolineatus osunai Brailovsky and Mayorga, 1995 is placed in synonymy under Anisoscelis (Bitta) hymenipherus Westwood, 1840; Anisoscelis (Anisoscelis) marginellus (Dallas) previously considered a subspecies under Anisoscelis (Anisoscelis) foliaceus (Fabricius) is removed to specific rank; a new species A...
2016: Zootaxa
S Caruso, S Cianci, M Cariola, V Fava, A Rapisarda, A Cianci
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of nutraceuticals containing Equol, Resveratrol, Quecitine and Passiflora (Zemiar(®), Avantgarde, Pomezia, Rome, Italy) on quality of life (QoL) and sexual function in perimenopausal women. METHODS: Sixty perimenopausal women having vasomotor symptoms and being in the -1, +1a of the STRAW system (amenorrhea for longer than 60 days and FSH < 20 UI/L) were enrolled. The modified Kupperman Index (KI) was used to evaluate menopause symptoms...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Ramin Sadeghi, Somayeh Abdolahian, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari
BACKGROUND: Hot flashes are the most common symptoms experienced by women around the time of menopause. Many women are interested in herbal medicines because of fear of side effects of hormone therapy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of Iranian herbal medicines in alleviating hot flashes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE (1966 to January 2015), Scopus (1996 to January 2015), and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library, issue 1, 2015) were searched along with, SID, Iran Medex, Magiran, Medlib and Irandoc...
March 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Choon Yoong Cheok, Noranizan Mohd Adzahan, Russly Abdul Rahman, Nur Hanani Zainal Abedin, Norhayati Hussain, Rabiha Sulaiman, Gun Hean Chong
Recent rapid growth of the world's population has increased food demands. This phenomenon poses a great challenge for food manufacturers in maximizing the existing food or plant resources. Nowadays, the recovery of health benefit bioactive compounds from fruit wastes is a research trend not only to help minimize the waste burden, but also to meet the intensive demand from the public for phenolic compounds which are believed to have protective effects against chronic diseases. This review is focused on polyphenolic compounds recovery from tropical fruit wastes and its current trend of utilization...
May 31, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Ana Luiza R Cazé, Geraldo Mäder, Teonildes S Nunes, Luciano P Queiroz, Guilherme de Oliveira, José Alexandre F Diniz-Filho, Sandro L Bonatto, Loreta B Freitas
The Atlantic Forest is one of the most species-rich ecoregions in the world. The historical origins of this richness and the evolutionary processes that produced diversification and promoted speciation in this ecosystem remain poorly understood. In this context, focusing on Passiflora contracta, an endemic species from the Atlantic Forest distributed exclusively at sea level along forest edges, this study aimed to characterize the patterns of genetic variability and explore two hypotheses that attempt to explain the possible causes of the genetic diversity in this region: the refuge and riverine barrier theories...
August 2016: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Glaucia Carielo Lima, Milena Morandi Vuolo, Ângela Giovana Batista, Nathália R V Dragano, Carina Solon, Mário Roberto Maróstica Junior
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of Passiflora edulis peel flour (PEPF) intake on hypothalamic neuropeptides messenger RNA expression, insulin sensitivity, and other metabolic parameters in Sprague-Dawley rats fed a high-fat (HF) diet. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were divided in 3 groups: a control group, fed on a normal fat diet; a HF group, fed on a high-fat diet (35% fat [w/w]); and a high-fat Passiflora flour (HFPF) group, fed on a HF diet containing PEPF...
July 2016: Nutrition
Jenny Sumara Sozo, Daniel Cuzziol Cruz, Ana Flavia Pavei, Isadora Medeiros da Costa Pereira, Marcia Wolfart, Fernanda Ramlov, Daiane Fiuza Montagner, Marcelo Maraschin, Ana Maria Viana
We have developed reproducible micropropagation, callus culture, phytochemical, and antioxidant analysis protocols for the wild passion fruit species P. tenuifila, and P. setacea, native to the Brazilian endangered biomes Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, and Caatinga, by using seeds and explants from seedlings and adult plants. Genotype and explant origin-linked differences are visible amongst the Passiflora species concerning callus production, total phenolics, and antioxidant activity. The protocols developed for screening phytochemicals and antioxidants in P...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Hiroyuki Inagaki, Ryouichi Ito, Yuko Setoguchi, Yukihiro Oritani, Tatsuhiko Ito
Piceatannol is polyphenolic antioxidant found in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) seeds. The aim of this study was to improve the absorption of piceatannol using α-cyclodextrin (αCD). The solubility of piceatannol in neutral and acidic solutions increased in an αCD concentration-dependent manner. The maximum plasma concentration of intact piceatannol and the time-to-maximum plasma concentration of O-methylated piceatannol metabolites increased in rats administered αCD-piceatannol inclusion complexes (PICs)...
May 11, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
D Figueiredo, Talita Cristina Colomeu, Nayara Simon Gonzalez Schumacher, L G Stivanin-Silva, Cinthia Baú Betim Cazarin, Laura Maria Molina Meletti, Luís Gustavo Romani Fernandes, Marcelo Alexandre Prado, R L Zollner
Passiflora alata Curtis (P. alata) leaves have anti-inflammatory properties; the present study aimed to investigate the anti-diabetogenic properties of P. alata aqueous leaf extract. HPLC analysis identified the phenolic compounds catechin, epicatechin and rutin. The aqueous extract was administered for 30weeks to non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice presenting a decrease of 28.6% in diabetes incidence and the number of inflammatory cells in pancreatic islets, when compared with the control group (water). The P. alata group presented an antioxidant effect and decreased lipid peroxidation in the serum of NOD mice...
June 2016: International Immunopharmacology
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