keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nutrition risk

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432848/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-extreme-obesity-among-korean-children-and-adolescents-from-2001-to-2014
#1
Hyo-Kyoung Nam, Hye Ryun Kim, Young-Jun Rhie, Kee-Hyoung Lee
BACKGROUND: We assessed nationwide trends in extreme obesity prevalence and its impact on metabolic syndrome in Korean youth. METHODS: Data from 19,593 youth (10,271 boys) aged 2-19 were obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2001-2014). The prevalence of extreme obesity and the odds ratio of metabolic syndrome were calculated. Questionnaires on body weight perceptions and weight control behaviors were administered. RESULTS: The prevalence of extreme obesity increased significantly among boys (p<0...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431885/safety-of-adding-oats-to-a-gluten-free-diet-for-patients-with-celiac-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-and-observational-studies
#2
María Inés Pinto-Sánchez, Natalia Causada-Calo, Premysl Bercik, Alexander C Ford, Joseph A Murray, David Armstrong, Carol Semrad, Sonia S Kupfer, Armin Alaedini, Paul Moayyedi, Daniel A Leffler, Elena F Verdú, Peter Green
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with celiac disease should maintain a gluten-free diet (GFD), excluding wheat, rye, and barley. Oats might increase the nutritional value of a GFD, but their including is controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the safety of oats as part of a GFD in patients with celiac disease. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases for clinical trials and observational studies of the effects of including oats in GFD of patients with celiac disease...
April 18, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431808/a-practical-standardized-composite-nutrition-score-based-on-lean-tissue-index-application-in-nutrition-screening-and-prediction-of-outcome-in-hemodialysis-population
#3
Huan-Sheng Chen, Chun-Ting Cheng, Chun-Cheng Hou, Hung-Hsiang Liou, Cheng-Tsung Chang, Chun-Ju Lin, Tsai-Kun Wu, Chang-Hsu Chen, Paik-Seong Lim
OBJECTIVE: Rapid screening and monitoring of nutritional status is mandatory in hemodialysis population because of the increasingly encountered nutritional problems. Considering the limitations of previous composite nutrition scores applied in this population, we tried to develop a standardized composite nutrition score (SCNS) using low lean tissue index as a marker of protein wasting to facilitate clinical screening and monitoring and to predict outcome. DESIGN AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort used 2 databases of dialysis populations from Taiwan between 2011 and 2014...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431619/age-sex-and-race-ethnic-temporal-trends-in-metabolic-syndrome-prevalence-among-individuals-with-myocardial-infarction-or-stroke-in-the-united-states
#4
Alain Lekoubou, Bruce Ovbiagele, Daniela Markovic, Nerses Sanossian, Amytis Towfighi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), an independent risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, affects 1 in 3 adults in the United States. Recent trends in MetS prevalence among MI and stroke survivors are unknown. METHODS: We assessed age, sex, race/ethnicity, and socio-economic status specific trends in rates of MetS among adults ≥18years who participated in National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1999-2010 and who fasted for 8h (n=12,502)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431613/an-analysis-of-prognostic-factors-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-placement-in-japanese-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#5
Kazuaki Nagashima, Natsumi Furuta, Kouki Makioka, Yukio Fujita, Masaki Ikeda, Yoshio Ikeda
A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is an useful intervention for feeding of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients who have lost oral intake function. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors for early death and the survival after PEG placement. A total of 102 ALS patients who underwent PEG placement were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into two groups; the poor prognosis group included patients who died or needed permanent mechanical ventilation within 30days after PEG placement, and the good prognosis group included patients who did not meet the criteria of the poor prognosis group...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431566/the-prognostic-value-of-the-preoperative-c-reactive-protein-albumin-ratio-in-ovarian-cancer
#6
Yubo Liu, Shengfu Chen, Chengyu Zheng, Miao Ding, Lan Zhang, Liangan Wang, Meiqing Xie, Jianhua Zhou
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer. This study sought to investigate the association between the preoperative c-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CRP/Alb) and oncological outcomes in ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: Two hundred patients with histologically verified ovarian cancer between June 2006 and July 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Overall survival was evaluated by the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test...
April 21, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431170/early-total-enteral-feeding-in-stable-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-before-and-after-study
#7
Sushma Nangia, Amit Bishnoi, Ankita Goel, Piali Mandal, Soumya Tiwari, Arvind Saili
Background: Fear of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) has perpetuated delayed initiation and slow advancement of enteral feeding in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with inherent risks of parenteral alimentation. The objective of this study was to assess effect of early total enteral feeding (ETEF) on day of achievement of full enteral feeds, feed intolerance, NEC and sepsis. Methods: In total, 208 stable VLBW neonates (28-34 weeks) admitted during 6 month periods of three consecutive years were enrolled...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430145/the-association-of-ankle-brachial-index-protein-energy-wasting-and-inflammation-status-with-cardiovascular-mortality-in-patients-on-chronic-hemodialysis
#8
Hideki Ishii, Hiroshi Takahashi, Yasuhiko Ito, Toru Aoyama, Daisuke Kamoi, Takashi Sakakibara, Norio Umemoto, Yoshitaka Kumada, Susumu Suzuki, Toyoaki Murohara
Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is highly prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We investigated the association of abnormal ankle brachial index (ABI), PEW, and chronic inflammation status with clinical prognosis in HD patients. A total of 973 HD patients were enrolled and were followed-up for 8 years. As a marker of the PEW, geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) was used. Cut-off levels were 91.2 for GNRI defined from previous studies and 1.9 mg/L for C-reactive protein (CRP) as median value, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430114/urban-and-rural-differences-in-hypertension-risk-factors-in-turkey
#9
İlker Daştan, Ayşegül Erem, Volkan Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: Existing literature shows considerable regional differences in terms of hypertension (HT) prevalence in Turkey. The purpose of this study was to analyze some of the known HT risk factors contributing to the variations between urban and rural areas of Turkey in HT development. METHODS: We used data from the 2011 Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Survey that was conducted by the Turkish Ministry of Health on a representative sample of the Turkish adult population aged 20 years or more (n=16...
April 19, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429921/relationship-between-dietary-patterns-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-among-middle-aged-adults-in-japan
#10
Shota Moyama, Kazuhiro Minami, Mihiro Yano, Masumi Okumura, Susumu Hayashi, Hiroshi Takayama, Akira Yorimoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and it is considered to be affected by dietary intake. However, few studies have examined the relationship between major dietary patterns and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) among Japanese middle-aged subjects. We studied whether major dietary patterns were associated with baPWV in this population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Between 2009 and 2012, 70 Japanese middle-aged subjects (39 men and 31 women) with no history of stroke, coronary heart disease, or cancer were studied...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429918/relationship-between-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-disorders-in-korean-women-according-to-menopausal-status
#11
Seo Ah Hong, Mi Kyung Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The association between fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and risk of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been elucidated fully, particularly by menopausal status. Method and Study Design: The study population was 2,999 women aged 40-64 years participating in the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The definition of MetS and its components was based on the modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) for Koreans...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429916/opportunities-and-barriers-to-public-health-nutrition-education-in-vietnamese-universities
#12
Quynh Th Pham, Anthony Worsley, Mark Lawrence, Bernie Marshall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A core challenge for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in combating the negative effects of the nutrition transition is to implement appropriate prevention strategies to halt the increasing prevalence of obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs), against a background of prevailing under nutrition. There have been several proposals for the enhancement of university nutrition education for future health and related professionals who are expected to communicate knowledge of health risks to the broad community...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429903/causes-of-interruptions-in-postoperative-enteral-nutrition-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#13
Jirong Qi, Zhuo Li, Yueshuang Cun, Xiaonan Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Perioperative nutritional support has become a hot topic in the clinical management of congenital heart disease (CHD). Postoperative enteral nutrition (EN) offers many benefits, such as protection of the intestinal mucosa, reduced risk of infection, and low clinical costs. Interruptions in EN frequently influence nutritional support and clinical outcomes. We, therefore, aimed to determine the causes of interruptions in postoperative EN in CHD patients and discuss clinical counter measures...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429247/a-review-of-the-novel-application-and-potential-adverse-effects-of-proton-pump-inhibitors
#14
REVIEW
Li-Yuan Yu, Lu-Ning Sun, Xue-Hui Zhang, Yue-Qi Li, Lei Yu, Zi-Qing-Yun Yuan, Ling Meng, Hong-Wen Zhang, Yong-Qing Wang
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are known as a class of pharmaceutical agents that target H(+)/K(+)-ATPase, which is located in gastric parietal cells. PPIs are widely used in the treatment of gastric acid-related diseases including peptic ulcer disease, erosive esophagitis and gastroesophageal reflux disease, and so on. These drugs present an excellent safety profile and have become one of the most commonly prescribed drugs in primary and specialty care. Except for gastric acid-related diseases, PPIs can also be used in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection, viral infections, respiratory system diseases, cancer and so on...
April 20, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428029/relationship-between-high-white-blood-cell-count-and-insulin-resistance-homa-ir-in-korean-children-and-adolescents-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2010
#15
J-M Park, D-C Lee, Y-J Lee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Increasing evidence has indicated that insulin resistance is associated with inflammation. However, few studies have investigated the association between white blood cell (WBC) count and insulin resistance, as measured by a homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in a general pediatric population. This study aimed to examine the association between WBC count and insulin resistance as measured by HOMA-IR in a nationally representative sample of children and adolescents...
March 10, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427958/micro-anatomical-changes-in-major-blood-vessel-caused-by-dengue-virus-serotype-2-infection
#16
Sivan Padma Priya, S Sakinah, Mok Pooi Ling, Hui-Yee Chee, Akon Higuchi, Rukman Awang Hamat, Vasantha Kumari Neela, Abdullah A Alarfaj, Murugan A Munusamy, Ashraf A Hatamleh, Ahmed E Al-Sabri, Ibrahim Ahmad Abdulaziz Al-Suwailem, Mariappan Rajan, Giovanni Benelli, Marlina, S Suresh Kumar
Dengue virus (DENV) has emerged as a major economic concern in developing countries, with 2.5 billion people believed to be at risk. Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) lining the circulatory system from heart to end vessels perform crucial functions in the human body, by aiding gas exchange in lungs, gaseous, nutritional and its waste exchange in all tissues, including the blood brain barrier, filtration of fluid in the glomeruli, neutrophil recruitment, hormone trafficking, as well as maintenance of blood vessel tone and hemostasis...
April 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427779/fish-oil-lc-pufas-do-not-affect-blood-coagulation-parameters-and-bleeding-manifestations-analysis-of-8-clinical-studies-with-selected-patient-groups-on-omega-3-enriched-medical-nutrition
#17
Stephanie Jeansen, Renger F Witkamp, Jossie A Garthoff, Ardy van Helvoort, Philip C Calder
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The increased consumption of fish oil enriched-products exposes a wide diversity of people, including elderly and those with impaired health to relatively high amounts of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs). There is an ongoing debate around the possible adverse effects of n-3 LC-PUFAs on bleeding risk, particularly relevant in people with a medical history of cardiovascular events or using antithrombotic drugs. METHODS: This analysis of 8 clinical intervention studies conducted with enteral medical nutrition products containing fish oil as a source of n-3 LC-PUFAs addresses the occurrence of bleeding-related adverse events and effects on key coagulation parameters (Prothrombin Time [PT], (activated) and Partial Thromboplastin Time [(a)PTT])...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426694/prediction-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-using-a-set-of-risk-factors-from-pooled-cohort-risk-equations
#18
Zefeng Zhang, Cathleen Gillespie, Barbara Bowman, Quanhe Yang
The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association developed Pooled Cohort equations to estimate atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. It is unclear how well the equations predict ASCVD mortality in a nationally representative cohort. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1988-1994 and Linked Mortality through 2006 (n = 6,644). Among participants aged 40-79 years without ASCVD at baseline, we used Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the 10-year probability of ASCVD death by sex and race-ethnicity (non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB) and Mexican American (MA))...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426385/birth-in-winter-can-reduce-the-risk-of-lung-cancer-a-retrospective-study-of-the-birth-season-of-patients-with-lung-cancer-in-beijing-area-china
#19
Yu Hao, Long Yan, ErQinFu Ke, Hong Wang, Juan He
The season of birth is an important risk factor for several diseases. We explored the relationship between birth season and lung cancer. In this population-based retrospective study, we focused on patients with lung cancer who had registered at the Beijing Institute for Cancer Research from 2003 to 2012. In total, 33,025 patients were divided into five subgroups based on their histologic classification, and these five subgroups were compared with the general population (i.e., the permanent resident population of Beijing in 2013)...
2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426300/overview-of-asian-american-data-collection-release-and-analysis-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2018
#20
Ryne Paulose-Ram, Vicki Burt, Lisa Broitman, Namanjeet Ahluwalia
Data System. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, is a cross-sectional survey on the health and nutritional status of US adults and children. Data Collection/Processing. A complex, multistage probability design is used to select a sample representative of the US civilian, noninstitutionalized population. NHANES includes in-home interviews, physical examinations, and biospecimen collection. About 5000 persons are examined annually...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
keyword
keyword
35352
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"