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nutrition risk

Belén Pérez-Pevida, Daniela Stefania Trifu, Anna Kamocka, Julia Álvarez Hernández
CONTEXT: Bariatric surgery has beneficial effects on obesity and associated comorbidities such as glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes, dyslipidaemia, hypertension, and renal and hepatic function. Nevertheless, this surgery is not free of complications and possible side effects due to restrictive and/or malabsorptive related components. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a 60-year-old woman whose past medical history included morbid obesity, hypertension and Scopinaro biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) with duodenal switch in 1998...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Sandrina Nunes, Dalila Alves, Patrícia Barreto, Miguel Raimundo, Maria da Luz Cachulo, Cláudia Farinha, Inês Laíns, João Rodrigues, Carlos Almeida, Luísa Ribeiro, João Figueira, Lelita Santos, Rufino Silva
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize the association of lifestyle and nutritional risk profiles with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in two subpopulations with differing AMD prevalence. METHODS: This case-control study (n = 1992) included 768 patients with AMD and 1224 age- and sex-matched participants without AMD with a single visit at a primary health care unit. Enrolled participants completed a validated lifestyle and food frequency questionnaire...
March 13, 2018: Nutrition
Seo Ah Hong, Karl Peltzer, Kyi Tun Lwin, La Seng Aung
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of underweight and overweight or obesity and their socio-demographic and lifestyle factors in a female adult population in Myanmar. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a national cross-sectional population-based survey in the 2015-16 Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey, 12,160 women aged 18-49 years and not currently pregnant completed questionnaires and anthropometric measurements. Nutritional status was determined using Asian body mass index cut-offs: underweight (BMI<18...
2018: PloS One
C Le Roy, G Larios, D Springmüller, C Clavería
INTRODUCTION: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) present a high percentage of undern utrition and the interpretation of their nutritional assessment is difficult. OBJECTIVE: To describe the nutritional status of infants with CHD using two anthropometric classifications and compare them. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Non-concurrent cohort study. We studied children under 12 months under going cardiac surgery. We excluded preterm infants, small for gestational age, carriers of genetic syndrome or other disease with nutritional compromise...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Pablo Antonio Ureña-Torres, Mario Cozzolino, Jordi Bover
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is one of the most frequent and deleterious complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). SHPT is also one of the principal components of the now called CKD-mineral and bone disorders (MBD) syndrome. It is usually prevented and treated by vitamin D derivatives. However, the rationale for the prescription of vitamin D sterols in those patients is still a matter of hotly debates, mainly because of unsatisfactory results from numerous observational and not well-controlled studies...
March 12, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Tetsuro Tsujimoto, Hiroshi Kajio, Martin F Shapiro, Takehiro Sugiyama
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between use of β-blockers and all-cause mortality in patients with and without diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2010, we conducted a prospective cohort study. The study participants were followed-up from the survey participation date until December 31, 2011. We used a Cox proportional hazards model for all-cause mortality analysis. The multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of the participants taking β-blockers were compared with those of the participants not taking β-blockers...
March 9, 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Bruce P Lanphear, Stephen Rauch, Peggy Auinger, Ryan W Allen, Richard W Hornung
BACKGROUND: Lead exposure is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease mortality, but the number of deaths in the USA attributable to lead exposure is poorly defined. We aimed to quantify the relative contribution of environmental lead exposure to all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease mortality, and ischaemic heart disease mortality. METHODS: Our study population comprised a nationally representative sample of adults aged 20 years or older who were enrolled in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES-III) between 1988 and 1994 and followed up to Dec 31, 2011...
March 12, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
Taiki Sugimoto, Takashi Sakurai, Rei Ono, Ai Kimura, Naoki Saji, Shumpei Niida, Kenji Toba, Liang-Kung Chen, Hidenori Arai
Since the operational definition of "cognitive frailty" was first proposed in 2013 by the International Academy of Nutrition and Aging and the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics, several studies have been carried out using this cognitive frailty model. In this review, we examined the available clinical and epidemiological evidence for cognitive frailty. Despite its low prevalence (1.0-1.8%) in the community setting, cognitive frailty has been associated with a high risk of disability, poor quality of life, and death; while cognitive frailty appears to be associated with a high risk of dementia, there is no clear evidence for this association...
March 12, 2018: Ageing Research Reviews
Christoph Ihle, Christoph Weiß, Gunnar Blumenstock, Ulrich Stöckle, Björn Gunnar Ochs, Christian Bahrs, Andreas Nüssler, Anna Janine Schreiner
BACKGROUND: Being at risk for malnutrition can be observed among hospitalized patients of all medical specialties. There are only few studies in arthroplasty dealing with defining and assessing malnutrition as such a potentially risk. This study aims to identify the risk for malnutrition following primary (pAP) and revision arthroplasty (rAP) (1) using non-invasive interview based assessment tools and to analyze effects on clinical outcome (2) and quality of life (3). METHODS: A consecutive series of hospitalized patients of a Department of Arthroplasty at a Level 1 Trauma Center in Western Europe was observed between June 2014 and June 2016...
March 15, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Chen Chen, Nicole J Mitchell, Jean Gratz, Eric R Houpt, Yunyun Gong, Patricia A Egner, John D Groopman, Ronald T Riley, Jency L Showker, Erling Svensen, Estomih R Mduma, Crystal L Patil, Felicia Wu
Growth impairment is a major public health issue for children in Tanzania. The question remains as to whether dietary mycotoxins play a role in compromising children's growth. We examined children's exposures to dietary aflatoxin and fumonisin and potential impacts on growth in 114 children under 36 months of age in Haydom, Tanzania. Plasma samples collected from the children at 24 months of age (N = 60) were analyzed for aflatoxin B1 -lysine (AFB1 -lys) adducts, and urine samples collected between 24 and 36 months of age (N = 94) were analyzed for urinary fumonisin B1 (UFB1 )...
March 12, 2018: Environment International
Bernardo Costa-Pinel, Santiago Mestre-Miravet, Francisco Barrio-Torrell, Joan-Josep Cabré-Vila, Xavier Cos-Claramunt, Sofía Aguilar-Sanz, Claustre Solé-Brichs, Conxa Castell-Abat, Victoria Arija-Val, Jaana Lindström
BACKGROUND: The DE-PLAN-CAT project (Diabetes in Europe-Prevention using lifestyle, physical activity and nutritional intervention-Catalonia) has shown that an intensive lifestyle intervention is feasible in the primary care setting and substantially reduces the incidence of diabetes among high-risk Mediterranean participants. The DP-TRANSFERS project (Diabetes Prevention-Transferring findings from European research to society) is a large-scale national programme aimed at implementing this intervention in primary care centres whenever feasible...
2018: PloS One
Nina Zupanič, Maša Hribar, Urška Pivk Kupirovič, Anita Kušar, Katja Žmitek, Igor Pravst
Consumption of industrially produced trans -fatty acids (TFAs) is a well-established health risk factor that correlates with the increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The recommended TFA intake is as low as possible, within the context of a nutritionally adequate diet. Different countries have introduced different measures to minimize the exposure of their population to TFAs. Previous data have shown that TFA content has significantly decreased in Western European countries, while this was not the case in many Central-Eastern European countries, including Slovenia...
March 15, 2018: Nutrients
Yefu Zhang, Meimei Ji, Jiaojiao Zou, Tong Yuan, Jing Deng, Lina Yang, Mingzhi Li, Hong Qin, Jihua Chen, Qian Lin
Left-behind children (LBC) are a unique population in China, whose numbers have increased dramatically in recent years. Most caregivers of left-behind children (CLBC) are grandparents who lack knowledge about proper nutrition and food practice, putting LBC at greater risk for malnutrition. A cluster randomized controlled trial was carried to assess the effectiveness of the conditional cash transfer (CCT) program. Forty rural villages from Fenghuang County and Pingjiang County of Hunan province were selected...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Maria L Alva
This paper selectively reviews the economic research on individual (i.e., diabetes prevention programs and financial rewards for weight loss) and population-wide based diabetes prevention interventions (such as food taxes, nutritional labeling, and worksite wellness programs) that demonstrate a direct reduction in diabetes incidence or improvements in diabetes risk factors such as weight, glucose or glycated hemoglobin. The paper suggests a framework to guide decision makers on how to use the available evidence to determine the optimal allocation of resources across population-wide and individual-based interventions...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Elizabeth A Brownell, Adam P Matson, Kelsey C Smith, James E Moore, Patricia A Esposito, Mary M Lussier, Trudy J Lerer, James I Hagadorn
BACKGROUND: A dose-response relationship between proportions of donor human milk (DHM) intake and in-neonatal intensive care unit (in-NICU) growth rates, if any, remains poorly defined. Objective was to evaluate interrelationships between percentages of DHM, mother's own milk (MOM), and preterm formula (PF) intake and neonatal growth parameters at 36 weeks postmenstrual age or NICU discharge. METHODS: Infants eligible for this single-center retrospective study were inborn at ≤32 weeks gestation or ≤1800 g, stayed in the NICU for ≥7 days, and received enteral nutrition consisting of human milk fortified with Enfamil human milk fortifier acidified liquid...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Anne Munck, Rym Boulkedid, Laurence Weiss, Pierre Foucaud, Nathalie Wizla-Derambure, Philippe Reix, François Bremont, Jocelyne Derelle, Julien Schroedt, Corinne Alberti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate nutritional status and associated factors in a cystic fibrosis (CF) cohort diagnosed by newborn screening and followed up to month 24. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal multicenter study assessing nutritional status according to pancreatic status, feeding modalities, prescriptions, pulmonary outcome and biological nutritional parameters. RESULTS: One-hundred-and-five infants were recruited and 99 completed the study...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
So Yoon Han, Nan Hee Kim, Do Hoon Kim, Kyungdo Han, Seon Mee Kim
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity has significantly increased in Korea. This study aimed to use data from the 2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) to investigate the association between sodium (Na) intake and insulin resistance in children and adolescents with obesity. METHODS: The study population consisted of 578 adolescents aged 12-18 years who were enrolled in the 2010 KNHANES. Subjects were classified into the following four groups based on their body mass index (BMI) and homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) values: normal BMI and HOMA-IR (Group 1), normal BMI and ≥75% HOMA-IR (Group 2), ≥85% BMI and normal HOMA-IR (Group 3) and ≥85% BMI and ≥75% HOMA-IR (Group 4)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Pamela Fergusson, Nicole Greenspan, Lukas Maitland, Rémy Huberdeau
Transgender people are an important group for whom access to healthcare is often problematic. Dietitians need to be aware of key issues in transgender health to provide culturally competent clinical nutritional care. This article serves as a primer, clarifying key terms and concepts, exploring the impact of stigma and discrimination on health and nutrition for people from transgender communities, and offering practical advice for nutritional and other related issues. Education for dietitians both pre- and postqualification is an important part of improving care and building skills and awareness of cultural humility...
March 15, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Heather Hayes Betz, Joey C Eisenmann, Kelly R Laurson, Katrina D DuBose, Mathew J Reeves, Joseph J Carlson, Karin A Pfeiffer
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the independent and combined association of physical activity and body mass index (BMI) with blood pressure in youth. METHODS: Youth aged 8-18 years from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) with BMI, blood pressure, and physical activity (accelerometer) were included in the analyses. A total of 2585 subjects (1303 males; 47% of all 8- to 18-year-olds) met these criteria. RESULTS: Obese youth had a systolic blood pressure that was 8 mm Hg higher than normal weight youth...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
Scott Pardo, Rimma M Shaginian, David A Simmons
BACKGROUND: Diabetes treatment is intended to maintain near-normal glycemic levels. Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) allows patients to track their BG levels compared with glycemic targets and is associated with improved health outcomes. Because of the importance of SMBG, it is essential that results are accurate to prevent errors in nutritional intake and drug dosing. This study presents a new methodology to evaluate the accuracy of BG monitoring systems (BGMSs). METHODS: Sensitivity analyses were performed using real and simulated BGMS data to compute probabilities that, for any BG value, the BGMS result would be within prescribed error bounds and confidence limits compared with laboratory reference values...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
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