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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926994/the-metabolic-response-to-stress-and-infection-in-critically-ill-children-the-opportunity-of-an-individualized-approach
#1
REVIEW
Valentina De Cosmi, Gregorio Paolo Milani, Alessandra Mazzocchi, Veronica D'Oria, Marco Silano, Edoardo Calderini, Carlo Agostoni
The metabolic response to stress and infection is closely related to the corresponding requirements of energy and nutrients. On a general level, the response is driven by a complex endocrine network and related to the nature and severity of the insult. On an individual level, the effects of nutritional interventions are highly variable and a possible source of complications. This narrative review aims to discuss the metabolic changes in critically-ill children and the potential of developing personalized nutritional interventions...
September 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926945/association-between-dietary-carotenoid-intake-and-bone-mineral-density-in-korean-adults-aged-30-75-years-using-data-from-the-fourth-and-fifth-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-2008-2011
#2
Gebereamanuel Meron Regu, Hyesook Kim, You Jin Kim, Ju Eun Paek, Gunjeong Lee, Namsoo Chang, Oran Kwon
Age-related bone loss is a major public health problem. This cross-sectional study examined the association between the dietary intake of carotenoids and bone mineral density (BMD). Data from 8022 subjects (3763 males and 4259 females) aged 30-75 years included in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2008-2011) were analyzed. BMD was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Intake of carotenoids was estimated using 24-h dietary recall. In multiple linear analysis, after adjusting for covariates, lutein + zeaxanthin and β-cryptoxanthin intake was positively associated with total hip BMD in males and premenopausal women respectively, while β-carotene intake was positively correlated with femoral neck, total hip, and whole-body BMD in postmenopausal women...
September 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926856/positive-effects-of-promoting-physical-activity-and-balanced-diets-in-a-primary-school-setting-with-a-high-proportion-of-migrant-school-children
#3
Katharina S Weber, Olaf Spörkel, Melina Mertens, Alem Freese, Klaus Strassburger, Boris Kemper, Clemens Bachmann, Knut Diehlmann, Theodor Stemper, Anette E Buyken, Kerstin Ketelhut, Karsten Müssig
Background Children with migration background are at particular risk for overweight. We assessed the effects of a primary school-based initiative targeted at enhancing physical activity and dietary education among children with a high proportion of migration background. Methods Four 3(rd) and 4(th) grade classes (n=70 children, 77% with migration background) participated in a 10-months intervention comprising 2 additional exercise lessons weekly and 10 nutrition lessons per school year. 6 school classes (n=125 children, 65% with migration background) served as control...
September 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925532/the-interplay-between-regulatory-focus-and-temporal-distance-in-the-health-context
#4
Aleksandra Berezowska, Arnout R H Fischer, Hans C M van Trijp
OBJECTIVES: This study identifies how the interaction between temporal distance, regulatory focus, and framing of health outcomes affects individuals' intention to adopt a personalized nutrition service. DESIGN: A 2 (temporal distance: immediate health outcomes vs. delayed health outcomes) × 2 (regulatory focus: prevention vs. promotion) × 2 (health outcome framing: illness prevention vs. health promotion) full-factorial between-subjects design. METHODS: In two experiments with samples of 236 and 242 students, regulatory focus was manipulated by asking participants to describe which academic outcomes they want to either achieve or prevent and how they aim to do this...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925411/birthweight-and-cardiometabolic-risk-patterns-in-multiracial-children
#5
D Sun, T Wang, Y Heianza, T Huang, X Shang, J Lv, S Li, E Harville, W Chen, V Fonseca, L Qi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Prenatal growth, which is widely marked by birthweight, may have a pivotal role in affecting the lifelong risk of cardiometabolic disorders; however, comprehensive evaluation of its relations with childhood cardiometabolic risk patterns and the ethnic and gender disparities in national representative populations is still lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between birthweight and comprehensive patterns of cardiometabolic risk in a nationally representative sample of children and adolescents...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924525/anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-effects-of-sesame-oil-on-atherosclerosis-a-descriptive-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Edmund Hsu, Sam Parthasarathy
Sesame oil (SO) is a supplement that has been known to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which makes it effective for reducing atherosclerosis and the risk of cardiovascular disease. Due to the side effects of statins, the current recommended treatment for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases, the idea of using dietary and nutritional supplementation has been explored. The benefits of a dietary health regime have piqued curiosity because many different cultures have reaped health benefits through the ingredients in their cooking with negligible side effects...
July 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924157/normal-to-mildly-increased-albuminuria-predicts-the-risk-for-diabetic-retinopathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Min-Kyung Lee, Kyung-Do Han, Jae-Hyuk Lee, Seo-Young Sohn, Oak-Kee Hong, Jee-Sun Jeong, Mee-Kyoung Kim, Ki-Hyun Baek, Ki-Ho Song, Hyuk-Sang Kwon
Albuminuria is closely associated with diabetic retinopathy (DR), but the precise role of the albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) in screening for DR remains to be determined. This study aimed to investigate an ACR threshold for predicting DR in patients with type 2 diabetes. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1,102 type 2 diabetes patients, aged ≥30 years and recruited from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2010-2011. Participants were grouped by stage of DR: mild-to-moderate nonproliferative DR (NPDR), severe NPDR, and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR)...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924002/variations-in-infant-and-childhood-vitamin-d-supplementation-programs-across-europe-and-factors-influencing-adherence
#8
Suma Uday, Ardita Kongjonaj, Magda Aguiar, Ted Tulchinsky, Wolfgang Hoegler
BACKGROUND: Nutritional rickets is a growing global public health concern despite existing prevention programs and health policies. We aimed to compare infant and childhood vitamin D supplementation policies, implementation strategies and practices across Europe and explore factors influencing adherence. METHODS: European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Bone and Growth Plate Working Group members and other specialists completed a questionnaire on country-specific vitamin D supplementation policy and child healthcare programs, socioeconomic factors, policy implementation strategies, and adherence...
September 18, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923097/impact-of-perioperative-nutritional-status-on-the-outcome-of-abdominal-surgery-in-a-sub-saharan-africa-setting
#9
Christian Gael Mambou Tebou, Mazou N Temgoua, Agnès Esiene, Blondel Oumarou Nana, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Eugène Sobngwi
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a clinical condition of multifactorial etiologies and it is associated with several adverse outcomes. In high-income countries, malnutrition has been described as a determinant of delayed wound healing, surgical site infections and mortality in the postoperative period. There is limited information available regarding the outcome of surgery in malnourished patients in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytic study was carried out between March and August 2014 in the visceral surgery and the emergency departments of the Yaounde Central Hospital in Cameroon...
September 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922778/circulating-folate-vitamin-b6-and-methionine-in-relation-to-lung-cancer-risk-in-the-lung-cancer-cohort-consortium-lc3
#10
Anouar Fanidi, David C Muller, Jian-Min Yuan, Victoria L Stevens, Stephanie J Weinstein, Demetrius Albanes, Ross Prentice, Cynthia A Thomsen, Mary Pettinger, Qiuyin Cai, William J Blot, Jie Wu, Alan A Arslan, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Marjorie L McCullough, Loic Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Christopher A Haiman, Xuehong Zhang, Jiali Han, Meir J Stampfer, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Edward Giovannucci, Graham G Giles, Allison M Hodge, Gianluca Severi, Mikael Johansson, Kjell Grankvist, Arnulf Langhammer, Steinar Krokstad, Marit Næss, Renwei Wang, Yu-Tang Gao, Lesley M Butler, Woon-Puay Koh, Xiao-Ou Shu, Yong-Bing Xiang, Honglan Li, Wei Zheng, Qing Lan, Kala Visvanathan, Judith Hoffman Bolton, Per Magne Ueland, Øivind Midttun, Arve Ulvik, Neil E Caporaso, Mark Purdue, Regina G Ziegler, Neal D Freedman, Julie E Buring, I-Min Lee, Howard D Sesso, J Michael Gaziano, Jonas Manjer, Ulrika Ericson, Caroline Relton, Paul Brennan, Mattias Johansson
Background: Circulating concentrations of B vitamins and factors related to one-carbon metabolism have been found to be strongly inversely associated with lung cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. The extent to which these associations are present in other study populations is unknown. Methods: Within 20 prospective cohorts from the National Cancer Institute Cohort Consortium, a nested case-control study was designed including 5364 incident lung cancer case patients and 5364 control subjects who were individually matched to case patients by age, sex, cohort, and smoking status...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922729/lithium-induced-oxidative-damage-and-inflammation-in-the-rat-s-heart-protective-effect-of-grape-seed-and-skin-extract
#11
Ali Mezni, Hanène Aoua, Olfa Khazri, Ferid Limam, Ezzeddine Aouani
Lithium (Li) is a relevant mood stabilizer metal for the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD), as it protects from both depression and mania and reduces the risk of suicide. However, Lihas some clinical concerns as a narrow therapeutic index requiring routine monitoring of the serum level. The present study was designed to analyze the cardio-toxic side effect of Li and the ability of grape seed and skin extract (GSSE) to protect the heart against such toxicity. After 30days of exposure to Li (0, 2, 5 and 100mg/kg bw) and prevention with GSSE (4000mg/kg bw), rats were killed by decapitation and their heart processed for Li-induced oxidative stress...
September 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#12
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921869/simplified-and-age-appropriate-recommendations-for-added-sugars-in-children
#13
M I Goran, S L Riemer, T L Alderete
Excess sugar intake increases risk for obesity and related comorbidities among children. The World Health Organization (WHO), American Heart Association (AHA) and the 2015 USDA dietary recommendations have proposed guidelines for added sugar intake to reduce risk for disease. WHO and USDA recommendations are presented as a percentage of daily calories from added sugar. This approach is not easily understood or translated to children, where energy needs increase with age. The AHA recommendation is based on a fixed value of 25 g of added sugar for all children 2-19 years of age...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920970/-mind-your-teeth-the-relationship-between-mastication-and-cognition
#14
R A F Weijenberg, S Delwel, B V Ho, C D Wierink, F Lobbezoo
Elderly persons, especially those suffering from dementia, are at great risk of suffering from oral health problems such as orofacial pain and loss of natural teeth. A possible explanation could be that the cognitive and motor impairments resulting from dementia cause a decrease in self-care and as such, a worsening of oral health. An alternative explanation is that cognition and oral health influence each other. Animal studies show that a decrease in masticatory activity, for example due to a soft diet or loss of teeth, causes memory loss and neuronal degeneration...
September 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919976/impacts-of-prenatal-nutrition-on-animal-production-and-performance-a-focus-on-growth-and-metabolic-and-endocrine-function-in-sheep
#15
REVIEW
Prabhat Khanal, Mette Olaf Nielsen
The concept of foetal programming (FP) originated from human epidemiological studies, where foetal life nutrition was linked to health and disease status later in life. Since the proposal of this phenomenon, it has been evaluated in various animal models to gain further insights into the mechanisms underlying the foetal origins of health and disease in humans. In FP research, the sheep has been quite extensively used as a model for humans. In this paper we will review findings mainly from our Copenhagen sheep model, on the implications of late gestation malnutrition for growth, development, and metabolic and endocrine functions later in life, and discuss how these implications may depend on the diet fed to the animal in early postnatal life...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919118/global-regional-and-national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-333-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-for-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#16
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Measurement of changes in health across locations is useful to compare and contrast changing epidemiological patterns against health system performance and identify specific needs for resource allocation in research, policy development, and programme decision making. Using the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016, we drew from two widely used summary measures to monitor such changes in population health: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE)...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918836/role-of-microalbuminuria-in-predicting-cardiovascular-mortality-in-individuals-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism
#17
Tushar A Tuliani, Maithili Shenoy, Kevin Belgrave, Abhishek Deshmukh, Sadip Pant, Anthony Hilliard, Luis Afonso
PURPOSE: Studies suggest that subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is related to cardiovascular mortality (CVM). We explored the role of microalbuminuria (MIA) as a predictor of long-term CVM in population with and without SCH with normal kidney function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the National Health and Nutrition Education Survey - III database (n = 6,812). Individuals younger than 40 years, thyroid-stimulating hormone levels ≥20 and ≤0.35mIU/L, estimated glomerular filtration rate <60mL/minute/1...
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918445/pre-emptive-intestinal-transplant-the-surgeon-s-point-of-view
#18
REVIEW
Augusto Lauro, Ignazio R Marino, Kishore R Iyer
Pre-emptive transplantation is a well-established practice for certain types of end-organ failure such as in the use of kidney transplantation. For irreversible intestinal failure, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) remains the gold standard, due to the suboptimal long-term results of intestinal transplantation. As such, the only role for pre-emptive transplantation, if at all, will be for patients identified to be at high risk of complications and mortality while on definitive long-term TPN. In these patients, the timing of early listing and transplantation could become life-saving, taking into account that mortality on the waiting list is still the highest for intestinal candidates...
September 16, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918167/different-nutritional-assessment-tools-as-predictors-of-postoperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-cancer-resection
#19
Sílvia Fernandes Maurício, Jingjie Xiao, Carla M Prado, Maria Cristina Gonzalez, Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition in patients with colorectal cancer contributes to increased postoperative complications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic value of several nutritional assessment parameters: body mass index versus percentage of weight loss grading system (BMI/%WL); Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA); standardized phase angle (SPA) by BIA; muscle strength by handgrip strength; muscle mass by computerized tomography; and the combination of muscle mass and strength in patients undergoing resection surgery...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917243/association-between-rice-intake-and-all-cause-mortality-among-chinese-adults-findings-from-the-jiangsu-nutrition-study
#20
Zumin Shi, Shiqi Zhen, Lu Qi, Yijing Zhou, Anne W Taylor
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The few studies that have assessed the association between rice intake and mortality have generated inconsistent results. We assessed whether rice intake was associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, cancer mortality and all-cause mortality in a prospective cohort of the Chinese population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively studied 2,832 adults aged 20 years and above with a mean follow up of 10 years. Rice intake was measured by a 3-day weighed food record (WFR) in 2002...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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