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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749441/stages-of-behavioral-change-for-reducing-sodium-intake-in-korean-consumers-comparison-of-characteristics-based-on-social-cognitive-theory
#1
So-Hyun Ahn, Jong Sook Kwon, Kyungmin Kim, Hye-Kyeong Kim
High sodium intake increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Given the importance of behavioral changes to reducing sodium intake, this study aims to investigate the stages of change and the differences in cognitive and behavioral characteristics by stage in Korean consumers. Adult participants (N = 3892) completed a questionnaire on the stages of behavioral change, recognition of social efforts, outcome expectancy, barriers to practice, nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviors, and self-efficiency related to reduced sodium intake...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749417/modeling-the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-obesity-in-china-evidence-from-the-longitudinal-china-health-and-nutrition-study-1989-2011
#2
Tao Zhang
Although physical activity has been widely recognized as an important influential factor in determining the risk of obesity, the results in the existing literature empirically examining such issue are mixed. Especially for China, relevant studies are rarely found. One aim of this study is to test the direction of effects between obesity and physical activity. It uses longitudinal data to investigate the relationship and causality between physical activity and obesity for both children and adults in China. The longitudinal data and dynamic panel model used here can yield more solid results than the other studies employing cross-sectional data, particularly considering strict endogeneity and self-selection...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749415/association-between-toenail-magnesium-and-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-adults
#3
Jiguo Zhang, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Ji Zhang, Bing Zhang
Previous studies have showed an inverse association between magnesium level and type 2 diabetes, but the results are inconsistent, and the evidence relates only to dietary and serum magnesium. Moreover, it is not certain how these findings are applicable to Asian people. This study was designed to examine the association between toenail magnesium and type 2 diabetes in Chinese adults. The sample was 5683 adults aged 18 years or older from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey. We used hemoglobin A1c equal to or greater than 6...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749247/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-community-based-hygiene-promotion-program-in-a-rural-salvadoran-setting
#4
Elizabeth L Andrade, Jeffrey B Bingenheimer, Mark C Edberg, Kathryn L Zoerhoff, Emily M Putzer
There has been considerable progress in the reduction of diarrheal disease among children under five through health and nutrition interventions. However, diarrheal disease is still the second leading cause of child death worldwide. There is growing recognition that comprehensive hygiene behavior improvements should be integral to prevention efforts, but the effectiveness of different approaches for hygiene promotion is still being established. Hygiene risk practices vary across settings, suggesting that prevention strategies should be adapted to local contexts using community-based approaches...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748992/-screening-for-malnutrition-among-hospitalized-patients-in-a-colombian-university-hospital
#5
Viviana Cruz, Laura Bernal, Giancarlo Buitrago, Álvaro J Ruiz
BACKGROUND: On admission, 30 to 50% of hospitalized patients have some degree of malnutrition, which is associated with longer length of stay, higher rates of complications, mortality and greater costs. AIM: To determine the frequency of screening for risk of malnutrition in medical records and assess the usefulness of the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we searched for malnutrition screening in medical records, and we applied the MST tool to hospitalized patients at the Internal Medicine Wards of San Ignacio University Hospital...
April 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748643/protein-supplements-and-adolescent-athletes-a-pilot-study-investigating-the-risk-knowledge-motivations-and-prevalence-of-use
#6
Gavin Whitehouse, Tanya Lawlis
AIM: Protein-based sports supplements are among the more common types of nutrition supplements consumed by athletes; however, there is currently limited data investigating the knowledge, motivations and occurrence of use among the adolescent population (13-18 years). This pilot study looks to obtain initial data regarding the use of protein supplements in this population. METHODS: This study investigates the understanding and occurrence of protein supplement use in 87 adolescent athletes based in an Australian capital city who compete in a variety of sports...
July 26, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748625/multiple-risk-factor-counseling-to-promote-heart-healthy-lifestyles-in-the-chest-pain-observation-unit-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
David A Katz, Mark Graber, Patricia Lounsbury, Mark W Vander Weg, Emily K Phillips, Christina Clair, Phillip A Horwitz, Xueya Cai, Alan J Christensen
OBJECTIVE: Admission to the chest pain observation unit (CPOU) may be an advantageous time for patients to consider heart-healthy lifestyle changes while undergoing diagnostic evaluation to rule out myocardial ischemia. The aim of this pragmatic trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multiple risk factor intervention in changing CPOU patients' health beliefs and readiness to change health behaviors. A secondary aim was to obtain preliminary estimates of the intervention's effect on diet, physical activity, and smoking...
July 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747228/iodine-nutritional-status-of-women-in-their-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-in-catalonia
#8
Maria Teresa Torres, Lidia Francés, Lluis Vila, Josep María Manresa, Gemma Falguera, Gemma Prieto, Roser Casamitjana, Pere Toran
BACKGROUND: Sufficient iodine intake is needed during pregnancy to ensure proper fetal development. The iodine levels of women in their first trimester of pregnancy in Catalonia are currently unknown. This data would help to determine whether our public health services should establish recommendations or interventions in this line. The aim of this study was to investigate the iodine nutritional status, prevalence of urinary iodine <150 μg/L, and tobacco use in the first trimester of pregnancy in our setting...
July 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747190/bone-mineral-density-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
M J Kruger, T A Nell
Bone health status is largely absent in South Africa, the main reasons being the absence and cost-effectiveness of specific screening equipment for assessing bone mineral density (BMD). Various risk factors seem to play a role, some of which can be modified to change bone health status. Urbanisation is also a public health concern. Changing nutritional, as well as social behaviour, play integral roles in the prevalence and incidence of decreased BMD. Furthermore, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) specifically, has a negative impact on BMD and although highly active antiretroviral therapy increases the prognosis for HIV-infected individuals, BMD still seem to decrease further...
July 26, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746353/delayed-breastfeeding-initiation-and-infant-survival-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Emily R Smith, Lisa Hurt, Ranadip Chowdhury, Bireshwar Sinha, Wafaie Fawzi, Karen M Edmond
OBJECTIVE: To assess the existing evidence regarding breastfeeding initiation time and infant morbidity and mortality. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, Popline, LILACS, AIM, and Index Medicus to identify existing evidence. We included observational studies and randomized control trials that examined the association between breastfeeding initiation time and mortality, morbidity, or nutrition outcomes from birth through 12 months of age in a population of infants who all initiated breastfeeding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746229/the-prognostic-value-of-preoperative-inflammation-based-prognostic-scores-and-nutritional-status-for-overall-survival-in-resected-patients-with-nonmetastatic-siewert-type-ii-iii-adenocarcinoma-of-esophagogastric-junction
#11
Lixiang Zhang, Yezhou Su, Zhangming Chen, Zhijian Wei, Wenxiu Han, Aman Xu
BACKGROUND: Immune and nutritional status of patients have been reported to predict postoperative complications, recurrence, and prognosis of patients with cancer. Therefore, this retrospective study aimed to explore the prognostic value of preoperative inflammation-based prognostic scores [neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR)] and nutritional status [prognostic nutritional index (PNI), body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin, albumin, and prealbumin] for overall survival (OS) in adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) patients...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746163/the-potential-contribution-of-dietary-factors-to-breast-cancer-prevention
#12
Niva Shapira
Breast cancer (BC), the leading cancer in women, is increasing in prevalence worldwide, concurrent with western metabolic epidemics, that is, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes, and shares major risk factors with these diseases. The corresponding potential for nutritional contributions toward BC prevention is reviewed and related to critical stages in the life cycle and their implications for carcinogenic and pathometabolic trajectories. BC initiation potentially involves diet-related pro-oxidative, inflammatory, and procarcinogenic processes, that interact through combined lipid/fatty acid peroxidation, estrogen metabolism, and related DNA-adduct/depurination/mutation formation...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746059/nutrition-micronutrients-in-child-growth-and-development-a-systematic-review-on-current-evidence-recommendations-and-opportunities-for-further-research
#13
Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Clifford W Lo
OBJECTIVE: An important aspect of malnutrition is deficiency of different micronutrients during pregnancy or early childhood. We systematically reviewed the role of nutrition in child growth (weight or height gain) and development. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was done on PubMed/Cochrane Library browsing through 38,795 abstracts until December 31, 2016 to select systematic reviews/meta-analyses and individual randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of micronutrient supplementation...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745902/disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-315-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-in-iran-and-its-neighboring-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#14
Sadaf G Sepanlou, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Kristopher J Krohn, Ashkan Afshin, Farshad Farzadfar, Gholamreza Roshandel, Chante Karimkhani, Sharzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Hamid Ahmadieh, Shirin Djalalinia, Hedyeh Ebrahimi, Babak Eshrati, Ali Reza Esteghamati, Maryam S Farvid, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Pouria Heydarpour, Farhad Islami, Seyed M Karimi, Marzieh Katibeh, Ardeshir Khosravi, Jagdish Khubchandani, Mahdi Mahdavi, Farhad Pishgar, Mostafa Qorbani, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sare Safi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Saeid Shahraz, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Alireza Mohammadi, Ali H Mokdad, Theo Vos, Christopher J L Murray, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Mohsen Naghavi, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Summary measures of health are essential in making estimates of health status that are comparable across time and place. They can be used for assessing the performance of health systems, informing effective policy making, and monitoring the progress of nations toward achievement of sustainable development goals. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) provides disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE) as main summary measures of health...
July 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745680/-the-decreased-level-of-plasma-carnitine-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#15
E D Belousova
Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have long been known to affect carnitine metabolism, dropping the plasma free carnitine. Valproate (VPA) was considered to be the strongest carnitine-reducing agent. VPA-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy and hepatotoxicity are well known, and pre-existing carnitine deficiency can be a predisposing factor, especially in congenital metabolic disorders. Several studies have shown that carnitine supplementation in patients receiving VPA to result in subjective and objective improvements and to prevent VPA-induced hepatotoxicity and encephalopathy, in parallel with increases in carnitine serum concentrations...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745464/elite-athletes-and-pubertal-delay
#16
Karina Kapczuk
Intensive physical training and participation in competitive sports during childhood and early adolescence may affect athletes' pubertal development. On the other hand, pubertal timing, early or late, may impact on an athlete selection for a particular sport. Genetic predisposition, training load, nutritional status and psychological stress determine athletes' pubertal timing. Athletes that practice esthetic sports, especially gymnasts, are predisposed to a delay in pubertal development. The growing evidence indicates that energy deficiency, not a systemic training per se, plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of functional hypothalamic hypogonadism in female athletes...
October 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745333/breakfast-quality-and-cardiometabolic-risk-profiles-in-an-upper-middle-aged-german-population
#17
K Iqbal, L Schwingshackl, M Gottschald, S Knüppel, M Stelmach-Mardas, K Aleksandrova, H Boeing
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Little is known about relation of overall breakfast quality with cardiometabolic risk factors. Therefore, this study aimed to explore sex-specific associations between breakfast quality and cardiometabolic risk profiles in a sample of an upper middle-aged German population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cardiometabolic profiles of 339 men and 329 women were cross-sectionally assessed using an overall biomarker score (BScore), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), blood pressure, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744853/poor-appetite-and-dietary-intake-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#18
Barbara S van der Meij, Hanneke A H Wijnhoven, Jung S Lee, Denise K Houston, Trisha Hue, Tamara B Harris, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Anne B Newman, Marjolein Visser
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Poor appetite in older adults leads to sub-optimal food intake and increases the risk of undernutrition. The impact of poor appetite on food intake in older adults is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the differences in food intake among older community-dwelling adults with different reported appetite levels. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from a longitudinal prospective study. SETTING: Health, aging, and body composition study performed in the USA...
July 26, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743402/anaemia-in-the-elderly
#19
REVIEW
Susana Gómez Ramírez, Ángel Francisco Remacha Sevilla, Manuel Muñoz Gómez
Anaemia is common in the elderly and is associated with an increased risk of physical, functional, and cognitive impairment, hospitalisation and mortality. Although it is unknown whether anaemia is a causal factor or a subrogated marker of worse health status, its correction can improve the patients' physical and functional capacity. Detection, classification, and treatment of anaemia should be a priority for the health system. The main causes of anaemia in the elderly are nutritional deficiencies and chronic disease, with or without kidney failure, although some cases are of indeterminate origin...
July 22, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743381/a-novel-systematic-inflammation-related-index-is-prognostic-in-curatively-resected-non-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#20
Tingting Hong, Di Shen, Xiaoping Chen, Dongyan Cai, Xiaohong Wu, Dong Hua
BACKGROUD: To better identify patients with high mortality risk, we developed a systematic inflammation index (IPI) based on neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and albumin. METHODS: The performance of pretreatment IPI was evaluated in patients with surgically resected non-metastatic colorectal cancer. IPI was predefined and compared with Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS)/modified GPS in terms of discrimination and calibration abilities. RESULTS: In multivariate analysis, patients with an IPI of 1 or 2 had 1...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
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