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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792776/prevalence-of-inadequate-immunity-to-measles-mumps-rubella-and-varicella-in-mlb-and-nba-athletes
#1
Justin J Conway, Brett G Toresdahl, Daphne I Ling, Nicole T Boniquit, Lisa R Callahan, James J Kinderknecht
BACKGROUND: Multiple outbreaks of vaccine-preventable viral diseases have occurred in professional sports in recent years. Currently, there is no established protocol for vaccination or immunity screening for professional athletes. HYPOTHESIS: There are significant differences in the prevalence of inadequate immunity dependent on age, sport, country of birth, and participation in collegiate sports. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792577/serious-consequences-of-malnutrition-and-delirium-in-frail-older-patients
#2
Elizabeth Rosted, Tatiana Prokofieva, Suzanne Sanders, Martin Schultz
Malnutrition is highly prevalent in geriatric patients and is associated with an increased risk of death. In addition, delirium is a common condition of the older hospitalized patients. As brain has a high nutritional requirement, malnutrition may play an important role in cognitive dysfunction including the development of delirium. This study investigated the association between delirium and malnutrition in frail older patients and the effects on adverse outcomes. It was found that 75% of the patients with delirium suffered from malnutrition indicating that malnutrition contributes to the development of delirium in older hospitalized patients...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792530/manganese-transport-and-toxicity-in-polarized-wif-b-hepatocytes
#3
Khristy J Thompson, Jennifer Hein, Andrew Baez, Jose Carlo Sosa, Marianne Wessling-Resnick
Mn toxicity arises from nutritional problems, community and occupational exposures, and genetic risks. Mn blood levels are controlled by hepatobiliary clearance. The goals of this study were to determine the cellular distribution of Mn transporters in polarized hepatocytes, to establish an in vitro assay for hepatocyte Mn efflux, and to examine possible roles the Mn transporters would play in metal import and export. For these experiments, hepatocytoma WIF-B cells were grown for 12-14 days to achieve maximal polarity...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792069/maternal-nutrition-and-the-developmental-origins-of-osteoporosis-in-offspring-potential-mechanisms-and-clinical-implications
#4
Jia Zheng, Qianyun Feng, Sheng Zheng, Xinhua Xiao
Osteoporosis, the most frequent metabolic disorder of bone, is a complex disease with a multifactorial origin that is influenced by genes and environments. However, the pathogenesis of osteoporosis has not been fully elucidated. The theory of "Developmental Origins of Health and Disease" indicates that early life environment exposure determines the risks of cardiometabolic diseases in adulthood. However, investigations into the effects of maternal nutrition and nutrition exposure during early life on the development of osteoporosis are limited...
January 1, 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790785/mental-health-trajectories-among-women-in-australia-as-they-age
#5
Thach Tran, Karin Hammarberg, Joanne Ryan, Judy Lowthian, Rosanne Freak-Poli, Alice Owen, Maggie Kirkman, Andrea Curtis, Heather Rowe, Helen Brown, Stephanie Ward, Carlene Britt, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the trajectories of mental health among women in Australia assessed in repeat waves from their early 70 s to the end of their lives or their mid 80 s. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data contributed by the 1921-26 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health Waves 1-6. Primary outcome was the 4-item SF-36 Vitality Subscale, which assesses mental health as life satisfaction, social participation, energy and enthusiasm. Structural, individual and intermediary factors were assessed using study-specific and standardised measures...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790700/early-hypophosphatemia-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#6
REVIEW
Agata Pająk, Barbara Królak-Olejnik, Agnieszka Szafrańska
Refeeding Syndrome (RFS) is a well-known group of symptoms which occur after the introduction of enteral or parenteral nutrition in undernourished patients. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is the equivalent of postnatal RFS following the beginning of feeding. The aggressive parenteral nutrition of neonates with very low birth weight (VLBW) resulting from the termination of intrauterine transplacental nutrition is a source of biochemical disorders. The aim of this study was to analyze metabolic disorders in preterm infants during the 1st week of life and to determine the hypophosphatemia risk factors in low birth weight neonates receiving parenteral nutrition...
May 21, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790110/prevalence-of-hyperuricemia-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-general-korean-population-an-analysis-of-a-population-based-nationally-representative-sample
#7
Yunkyung Kim, Jihun Kang, Geun-Tae Kim
Hyperuricemia is not only a risk factor for gout but also an independent determinant of hypertension, diabetes, and chronic kidney diseases. Although the incidence of gout in Korean adults is increasing, epidemiologic studies on hyperuricemia in the general Korean population are limited. Thus, this study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its associated factors among non-institutionalized Korean adults. The present study included 5548 participants (2403 men and 3145 women) aged ≥ 19 years from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789969/identification-of-risk-factors-for-toxicity-in-patients-with-hormone-receptor-positive-advanced-breast-cancer-treated-with-bevacizumab-plus-letrozole-a-calgb-40503-alliance-correlative-study
#8
Daneng Li, Linda M McCall, Olwen M Hahn, Clifford A Hudis, Harvey J Cohen, Hyman B Muss, Aminah Jatoi, Jacqueline M Lafky, Karla V Ballman, Eric P Winer, Debu Tripathy, Bryan Schneider, William Barry, Maura N Dickler, Arti Hurria
BACKGROUND: In hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer, a progression-free survival benefit was reported with addition of bevacizumab to first-line letrozole. However, increased toxicity was observed. We hypothesized that functional age measures could be used to identify patients at risk for toxicity while receiving letrozole plus bevacizumab for hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer. METHODS: CALGB 40503 was a phase III trial that enrolled patients with hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer randomized to letrozole with or without bevacizumab...
May 22, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789878/nuts-as-a-replacement-for-carbohydrates-in-the-diabetic-diet-a-reanalysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
David J A Jenkins, Cyril W C Kendall, Benoît Lamarche, Monica S Banach, Korbua Srichaikul, Edward Vidgen, Sandy Mitchell, Tina Parker, Stephanie Nishi, Balachandran Bashyam, Russell J de Souza, Christopher Ireland, Sathish C Pichika, Joseph Beyene, John L Sievenpiper, Robert G Josse
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: In line with current advice, we assessed the effect of replacing carbohydrate consumption with mixed nut consumption, as a source of unsaturated fat, on cardiovascular risk factors and HbA1c in type 2 diabetes. The data presented here are from a paper that was retracted at the authors' request ( https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-rt02 ) owing to lack of adjustment for repeated measures in the same individual. Our aim, therefore, was to fix the error and add new complementary data of interest, including information on clotting factors and LDL particle size...
May 23, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789798/the-relation-between-sarcopenia-and-mortality-in-patients-at-intensive-care-unit
#10
Mehmet Toptas, Mazhar Yalcin, İbrahim Akkoc, Eren Demir, Cagatay Metin, Yildiray Savas, Muhsin Kalyoncuoglu, Mehmet Mustafa Can
Background and Aim: Psoas muscle area (PMA) can reflect the status of skeletal muscle in the whole body. It has been also reported that decreased PMA was associated with postoperative mortality or morbidity after several surgical procedures. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relation between PMA and mortality in all age groups in intensive care unit (UNIT). Materials and Method: The study consists of 362 consecutive patients. The demographic characteristics of patients, indications for ICU hospitalization, laboratory parameters, and clinical parameters consist of mortality and length of stay, and surgery history was obtained from intensive care archive records...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789205/genetic-variants-related-to-urate-and-risk-of-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Katherine C Hughes, Xiang Gao, Eilis J O'Reilly, Iris Y Kim, Molin Wang, Marc G Weisskopf, Michael A Schwarzschild, Alberto Ascherio
INTRODUCTION: Higher urate concentrations have been associated with a lower risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD) and with slower rates of clinical decline in PD patients. Whether these associations reflect a neuroprotective effect of urate is unclear. Our objective was to assess whether genetic variants that modify circulating urate levels are also associated with altered PD risk. METHODS: Participants were from three large ongoing cohort studies: the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS), and the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort (CPS-IIN)...
May 1, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789139/medical-and-preoperative-evaluation-of-the-older-adult
#12
REVIEW
Audrey Chun
Because of age, increased rates of multimorbidity, polypharmacy, functional changes, and cognitive impairment, older adults are at higher risk for perioperative complications. Identifying modifiable risk factors and educating patients and families about what to expect can improve surgical outcomes and satisfaction. Comprehensive preoperative evaluation assesses these potential factors and should include recommendations for risk reduction. The optimal preoperative evaluation for older adults should address medical conditions and other areas pertinent to the care of older adults including assessments of cognition, capacity, delirium risk, function, frailty, nutrition, medications, and treatment preferences...
May 19, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789039/prospective-association-between-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-the-french-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#13
Moufidath Adjibade, Cédric Lemogne, Chantal Julia, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Karen E Assmann, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
A posteriori healthier dietary patterns and several nutrients have been associated with lower risks of depression in various studies; however, evidence is lacking with regard to the prospective association between adherence to nutritional recommendations (food-based and nutrient-based recommendations) and incident depression or depressive symptoms. In this study, we investigate such associations in the NutriNet Santé cohort. The study sample included 26 225 participants (aged 18-86 years) who were initially free of depressive symptoms...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789037/a-comparison-of-statistical-and-machine-learning-techniques-in-evaluating-the-association-between-dietary-patterns-and-10-year-cardiometabolic-risk-2002-2012-the-attica-study
#14
Dimitris Panaretos, Efi Koloverou, Alexandros C Dimopoulos, Georgia-Maria Kouli, Malvina Vamvakari, George Tzavelas, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
Statistical methods are usually applied in examining diet-disease associations, whereas factor analysis is commonly used for dietary pattern recognition. Recently, machine learning (ML) has been also proposed as an alternative technique in health classification. In this work, the predictive accuracy of statistical v. ML methodologies as regards the association of dietary patterns on CVD risk was tested. During 2001-2002, 3042 men and women (45 (sd 14) years) were enrolled in the ATTICA study. In 2011-2012, the 10-year CVD follow-up was performed among 2020 participants...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788708/association-between-physical-activity-and-depressive-mood-among-korean-adults-with-chronic-diseases
#15
Seon-Young Park, Kiheon Lee, Yoo Jin Um, Suekyoung Paek, In Sun Ryou
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between physical activity and depressive mood among Korean adults with chronic diseases. METHODS: This study analyzed the 2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. The study was restricted to participants aged ≥20 years who had completed the survey and were not diagnosed as having depression. After exclusion, 4,676 participants were included in the final analysis. Subjects were categorized according to their level of physical activity...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788706/the-association-between-10-year-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-diseases-risk-score-calculated-using-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-guidelines-and-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-level-among-aged-40-79-years-in-korea-the-sixth-korea
#16
Mun Hee Kim, Young Sang Kim, Hye Jin Oh, Yu Ri Kwon, Hye Won Kim
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between 10-year predicted atherosclerosis cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score and 25-hydroxyvitamin D in Koreans aged 40-79 years. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional design was used from data based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014. RESULTS: A total of 1,134 healthy Koreans aged 40-79 years were included. A positive relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and ASCVD score was shown in women (β=0...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788705/the-risk-of-microalbuminuria-by-obesity-phenotypes-according-to-metabolic-health-and-obesity-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2014
#17
Inyoung Choi, Heesun Moon, So Young Kang, Hyeonyoung Ko, Jinyoung Shin, Jungkwon Lee
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed at identifying the difference in the risk of microalbuminuria among individuals with various obesity phenotypes in terms of metabolic health and obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 15,268 individuals and used data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey conducted from 2011 to 2014. Obesity was defined as body mass index ≥25 kg/m². Metabolically unhealthy was defined as meeting two or more of the following criteria: systolic and diastolic blood pressure ≥130/85 mm Hg or current use of hypertensive drugs; triglyceride level ≥150 mg/dL; high-density lipoprotein level <40/50 mg/dL (in both men and women); and fasting blood glucose level ≥100 mg/dL or current use of oral antidiabetic medications...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788704/low-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-is-prevalent-among-north-korean-refugees-in-south-korea
#18
Young-Soo Song, Seong-Woo Choi
BACKGROUND: The number of North Korean refugees entering South Korea is rising. Few studies have investigated the risk of non-communicable disease in North Korean refugees. Moreover, kidney insufficiency, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, has not been studied in this population. We compared the prevalence of non-communicable disease and kidney function in North Korean refugees and South Koreans. METHODS: Our study was conducted using a case-control design...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788475/associations-between-prediagnostic-concentrations-of-circulating-sex-steroid-hormones-and-esophageal-gastric-cardia-adenocarcinoma-among-men
#19
Jessica L Petrick, Paula L Hyland, Patrick Caron, Roni T Falk, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Sanford M Dawsey, Christian C Abnet, Philip R Taylor, Stephanie J Weinstein, Demetrius Albanes, Neal D Freedman, Susan M Gapstur, Gary Bradwin, Chantal Guillemette, Peter T Campbell, Michael B Cook
Background: Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) are characterized by a strong male predominance. Concentrations of sex steroid hormones have been hypothesized to explain this sex disparity. However, no prospective population-based study has examined sex steroid hormones in relation to EA/GCA risk. Thus, we investigated whether prediagnostic circulating sex steroid hormone concentrations were associated with EA/GCA in a nested case-control study drawn from participants in three prospective cohort studies...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787700/predictors-of-excess-birth-weight-in-brazil-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Sandra Ana Czarnobay, Caroline Kroll, Lidiane F Schultz, Juliana Malinovski, Silmara Salete de Barros Silva Mastroeni, Marco Fabio Mastroeni
OBJECTIVE: To describe the main predictors for excess birth weight in Brazilian children. DATA SOURCES: Systematic review carried out in the bibliographic databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, and LILACS. The research in the gray literature was performed using the Google Scholar database. The bias risk analysis was adapted from the Downs and Black scale, used to evaluate the methodology of the included studies. DATA SYNTHESIS: Using the classifications of fetal macrosomia (>4000g or ≥4000g) and large for gestational age (above the 90th percentile), 64 risk factors for excess birth weight were found in 33 scientific articles in the five regions of the country...
May 19, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
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