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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421684/navigating-the-rolling-hills-of-justice-mental-disabilities-employment-and-the-evolving-jurisprudence-of-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#1
Lauren Wylonis, Nina T Wylonis, Robert Sadoff
Mental illness and disability affect millions of individuals yearly in the U.S. The most important legislation protecting the mentally disabled in the workplace in the U.S. over the last half century has been the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its associated legislation and guidance. Although the employee should first request reasonable accommodation with the employer, evaluation by a mental health professional is one of the initial steps for individuals who report significant psychiatric symptoms that are impairing their functioning at work in the U...
March 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421225/using-telephony-data-to-facilitate-discovery-of-clinical-workflows
#2
Donald W Rucker
BACKGROUND:  Discovery of clinical workflows to target for redesign using methods such as Lean and Six Sigma is difficult. VoIP telephone call pattern analysis may complement direct observation and EMR-based tools in understanding clinical workflows at the enterprise level by allowing visualization of institutional telecommunications activity. OBJECTIVE:  To build an analytic framework mapping repetitive and high-volume telephone call patterns in a large medical center to their associated clinical units using an enterprise unified communications server log file and to support visualization of specific call patterns using graphical networks...
April 19, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420563/compassion-mindfulness-and-the-happiness-of-healthcare-workers
#3
Roberto P Benzo, Janae L Kirsch, Carlie Nelson
CONTEXT: Decreased well-being of healthcare workers expressed as stress and decreased job satisfaction influences patient safety, patient satisfaction, and cost containment. Self-compassion has garnered recent attention due to its positive association with well-being and happiness. Discovering novel pathways to increase the well-being of healthcare workers is essential. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore the influence of self-compassion on employee happiness in healthcare professionals...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417894/quality-improvement-and-reporting-systems-what-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeon-should-know
#4
REVIEW
Justine S Moe, Shelly Abramowicz, Steven M Roser
Health care is an inherently dangerous environment, and patient safety should be an explicit goal of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Important components of a safety program include a nonpunitive safety culture, the implementation of patient safety practices, standardized incident reporting and adverse event analysis, regular self-assessment, and internal and external benchmarking. Implementation of a safety program requires the strong commitment of leadership and the engagement and empowerment of all employees...
May 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#5
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389976/distinct-impacts-of-high-intensity-caregiving-on-caregivers-mental-health-and-continuation-of-caregiving
#6
Narimasa Kumagai
Although high-intensity caregiving has been found to be associated with a greater prevalence of mental health problems, little is known about the specifics of this relationship. This study clarified the burden of informal caregivers quantitatively and provided policy implications for long-term care policies in countries with aging populations. Using data collected from a nationwide five-wave panel survey in Japan, I examined two causal relationships: (1) high-intensity caregiving and mental health of informal caregivers, and (2) high-intensity caregiving and continuation of caregiving...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388331/from-struggles-to-resource-gains-in-interprofessional-service-networks-key-findings-from-a-multiple-case-study
#7
Hanna Toiviainen, Mari Kira
In interprofessional service networks, employees cross professional boundaries to collaborate with colleagues and clients with expertise and values different from their own. It can be a struggle to adopt shared work practices and deal with "multivoicedness." At the same time, networks allow members to engage in meaningful service provision, gain a broader understanding of the service provided, and obtain social support. Intertwined network struggles and resource gains have received limited attention in the interprofessional care literature to date...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385026/scaling-lean-in-primary-care-impacts-on-system-performance
#8
Dorothy Y Hung, Michael I Harrison, Meghan C Martinez, Harold S Luft
OBJECTIVES: We examined a wide range of performance outcomes after Lean methodology-a leading strategy to enhance efficiency and patient value-was implemented and scaled across all primary care clinics in a nonprofit, ambulatory care delivery system. STUDY DESIGN: Using a stepped wedge approach, we assessed changes associated with the phased introduction of Lean-based redesigns across 46 primary care departments in 17 different clinic locations. Longitudinal analysis of operational metrics included: workflow efficiency, physician productivity, operating expenses, clinical quality, and satisfaction among patients, physicians, and staff...
March 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383944/employee-unethical-behavior-to-shame-as-an-indicator-of-self-image-threat-and-exemplification-as-a-form-of-self-image-protection-the-exacerbating-role-of-supervisor-bottom-line-mentality
#9
Julena M Bonner, Rebecca L Greenbaum, Matthew J Quade
Employee unethical behavior continues to be an area of interest as real-world business scandals persist. We investigate what happens after people engage in unethical behavior. Drawing from emotion theories (e.g., Tangney & Dearing, 2002) and the self-presentation literature (e.g., Leary & Miller, 2000), we first argue that people are socialized to experience shame after moral violations (Hypothesis 1). People then manage their shame and try to protect their self-images by engaging in exemplification behaviors (i...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383742/exploring-shared-governance-for-an-academic-nursing-setting
#10
Carol Boswell, Laura Opton, Donna C Owen
BACKGROUND: A beneficial work environment influences staff and employee satisfaction and contributes to enhanced organizational execution. METHOD: This article communicates a literature review of the existing knowledge to describe the potential influence of job satisfaction, empowerment, and work engagement on a faculty and staff academic shared governance model and impact on the improvement of a healthy work environment. RESULTS: References from PubMed (from 1975 to 2014) and ERIC (from 2006 to 2016), along with manuscripts included in the reference lists of the selected articles, served as the basis of the review...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383343/improving-culture-one-quality-improvement-project-at-a-time
#11
Emily B Vander Schaaf, Amanda C Cornett, Greg D Randolph
CONTEXT: A culture of quality improvement (QI) values collaboration, transparency, and staff empowerment. Organizations exhibiting a culture of QI are more likely to engage in QI. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether local health departments' (LHDs') participation in a longitudinal, experiential QI training program changes QI culture. DESIGN: Prior to and following participation in a QI training program, all employees of participating LHDs were asked to complete an 8-item survey assessing components of QI culture on a 5-point scale...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373157/a-blended-web-based-gaming-intervention-on-changes-in-physical-activity-for-overweight-and-obese-employees-influence-and-usage-in-an-experimental-pilot-study
#12
Tessa A Kouwenhoven-Pasmooij, Suzan Jw Robroek, Sui Wai Ling, Joost van Rosmalen, Elisabeth Fc van Rossum, Alex Burdorf, M G Myriam Hunink
BACKGROUND: Addressing the obesity epidemic requires the development of effective interventions aimed at increasing physical activity (PA). eHealth interventions with the use of accelerometers and gaming elements, such as rewarding or social bonding, seem promising. These eHealth elements, blended with face-to-face contacts, have the potential to help people adopt and maintain a physically active lifestyle. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the influence and usage of a blended Web-based gaming intervention on PA, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference among overweight and obese employees...
April 3, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371227/how-are-changes-in-exposure-to-job-demands-and-job-resources-related-to-burnout-and-engagement-a-longitudinal-study-among-chinese-nurses-and-police-officers
#13
Qiao Hu, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Toon W Taris
This study used a person-centered approach to examine the across-time relationships between job demands and job resources on the one hand and employee well-being (burnout and work engagement) on the other. On the basis of the job demands-resources model and conservation of resources (COR) theory, increases in demands and decreases in resources across time were expected to result in unfavorable changes in well-being across time. The results of a 2-wave study among 172 nurses and 273 police officers showed several common patterns across both samples: (a) participants who experienced an increase of demands showed a significant increase in burnout, whereas participants who reported having low resources at both measurement times also showed a significant increase in burnout; (b) participants who experienced decreasing resources reported a significant increase in burnout and a significant decrease in engagement; (c) participants who were exposed to chronic low job resources in a highly demanding environment showed a significant increase in burnout; and (d) participants who were exposed to decreased job resources in a highly demanding environment showed a significant increase in burnout...
April 3, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368185/helping-learners-level-up-with-cognitive-supports
#14
Derek Malenczak, Patricia B Nemec
TOPIC: This column describes strategies for helping educators and trainers address common problems with executive functioning and memory for their audiences, to better facilitate learning. PURPOSE: The purpose of the article is to suggest strategies for maximizing learning and goal achievement for students in academic settings, as well as for building employee knowledge and skills in the psychiatric rehabilitation workforce through worksite-based training. SOURCES USED: The content in this column is drawn from the professional experience of the authors as well as available literature...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358570/enhancing-daily-well-being-at-work-through-lunchtime-park-walks-and-relaxation-exercises-recovery-experiences-as-mediators
#15
Marjaana Sianoja, Christine J Syrek, Jessica de Bloom, Kalevi Korpela, Ulla Kinnunen
Only few studies so far have examined recovery from work during workday breaks. In this intervention study, based on the effort-recovery model and the conservation of resources theory, we examined how to enhance recovery during lunch breaks. More specifically, we examined the within-person effects of lunchtime park walks and relaxation exercises on employees' levels of concentration, strain, and fatigue experienced at the end of a working day. We moreover tested whether detachment from work and enjoyment experienced during lunch breaks transmitted the effects of these activities to well-being outcomes...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358569/daily-job-demands-and-employee-work-engagement-the-role-of-daily-transformational-leadership-behavior
#16
Kimberley Breevaart, Arnold B Bakker
Using job demands-resources (JD-R) theory, the present study integrates the challenge stressor-hindrance stressor framework and leadership theory to investigate the relationship between daily transformational leadership behavior and employee work engagement. We hypothesized that daily transformational leadership behavior (a) sustains employee work engagement on days characterized by high challenge job demands, and (b) protects work engagement on days characterized by high hindrance job demands. Teachers filled out a short online questionnaire at the end of each workday during a 2-week period (N = 271 × 5...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319979/patient-experience-a-critical-indicator-of-healthcare-performance
#17
Pamela H Guler
Patient experience has become a critical differentiator for healthcare organizations, and it will only grow in importance as transparency and consumerism dominate the healthcare landscape. Creating and sustaining a consistently exceptional experience that promotes patient engagement and the best outcomes is far more than just "satisfying" patients, going well beyond amenities that may be provided.Perception of care experience is often shaped by methods we use to address the biopsychosocial needs of patients...
April 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318414/the-prevalence-of-self-reported-premenstrual-symptoms-and-evaluation-of-regular-exercise-with-premenstrual-symptoms-among-female-employees-in-taiwan
#18
Su-Ying Tsai, Fu-Chen Kuo, Hsin-Chih Kuo, Li-Ling Liao
Few studies have focused on premenstrual symptoms in employees. This study explored the prevalence of premenstrual symptoms in 7,193 female employees aged 18-55 years in a large electronics manufacturer in Taiwan from August 2014 to December 2014 and examined whether regular exercise was associated with premenstrual symptoms. Information was collected on demographics, lifestyle, menstrual history, menstrual pain, and premenstrual symptoms. Half of the participants reported irregular menstruation; 79.4% reported a moderate menstruation amount, and half reported little impact of menstrual pain at work...
March 20, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318280/adjustment-between-work-demands-and-health-needs-development-of-the-work-health-balance-questionnaire
#19
Andrea Gragnano, Massimo Miglioretti, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Angela G E M de Boer
PURPOSE: This study presented the construct of Work-Health Balance (WHB) and the design and validation of the Work-Health Balance Questionnaire (WHBq). More and more workers have a long-standing health problem or disability (LSHPD). The management of health needs and work demands is crucial for the quality of working life and work retention of these workers. However, no instrument exists measuring this process. The WHBq assesses key factors in the process of adjusting between health needs and work demands...
March 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302927/workplace-incivility-in-japan-reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-modified-work-incivility-scale
#20
Kanami Tsuno, Norito Kawakami, Akihito Shimazu, Kyoko Shimada, Akiomi Inoue, Michael P Leiter
OBJECTIVES: Although incivility is a common interpersonal mistreatment and associated with poor mental health, there are few studies about it in Asian countries. The aim of this study was to develop the Japanese version of the modified Work Incivility Scale (J-MWIS), investigate its reliability and validity, and reveal the prevalence of incivility among Japanese employees in comparison with data on Canadian employees. METHODS: A total of 2,191 Japanese and 1,071 Canadian employees were surveyed, using either the J-MWIS or MWIS...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
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