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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907223/-mental-retirement-trajectories-of-work-engagement-preceding-retirement-among-older-workers
#1
Astrid de Wind, Fenna Rm Leijten, Trynke Hoekstra, Goedele A Geuskens, Alex Burdorf, Allard J van der Beek
Objectives Before actual retirement, employees may already distance themselves from work, which could be referred to as "mental retirement". However, trajectories of work motivation, ie, work engagement, have not been studied yet. The present study aimed to (i) identify different trajectories of work engagement among older workers approaching the retirement age, and (ii) examine their associations with actual retirement. Methods In total 3171 employees aged 55-62 years, who participated in the Dutch Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were included in this study...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885245/personal-lifestyle-as-a-resource-for-work-engagement
#2
Daisuke Nishi, Yuriko Suzuki, Junko Nishida, Kazuo Mishima, Yoshio Yamanouchi
OBJECTIVES: Personal lifestyle, including diet, exercise, and sleep, might have an impact on work engagement, though previous studies have not focused on these relationships. The aim of this study was to examine whether dietary intake of fish, regular exercise, sufficient sleep, abstinence from alcohol, and abstinence from tobacco were positively associated with work engagement. METHODS: We recruited adults aged 40-74 years who attended the health checkups with a particular focus on the metabolic syndrome in central Tokyo...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876737/-the-occupational-risk-of-hearing-impairment-associated-with-cardiovascular-pathologies-in-the-subjects-engaged-in-noisy-industries
#3
V B Pankova, E A Preobrazhenskaya, I N Fedina
The objective of the present study was to analyze the structure of concomitant somatic pathology in the subjects experiencing the occupational hearing problems. The study demonstrated the increase in the frequency of concomitant chronic diseases and the prevalence of polynosological conditions with the increasing severity of hearing impairment. It was shown that cardiovascular pathologies tend to enhance the risk of hearing loss in the employees engaged in «noisy» occupations. The cause-and-effect relationships were elucidated as the contribution of the "vascular" factor to the formation of occupational pathology of the organs of hearing...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872668/with-a-little-help-from-my-family-a-mixed-method-study-on-the-outcomes-of-family-support-and-workload
#4
Alessandro Lo Presti, Fulvia D'Aloisio, Sara Pluviano
Our aim was to investigate some predictors and outcomes of family-to-work enrichment (FWE) via a mixed-method approach. We sampled 447 married employees of an Italian factory. Survey results from Study 1 showed that emotional support from family positively predicted FWE, while this latter mediated the associations between the former on one side, and work engagement and life satisfaction on the other. Moreover, extra-household support directly associated positively with life satisfaction. Evidence from 20 anthropological in-depth interviews (Study 2) returned a more complex picture, highlighting the gendered role of partners inside couples, the importance of kinship support, the sense and the value of filiation and parenthood in their connection with job roles, the complex and continuous interplay between family and life domains...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835983/evaluating-the-implementation-of-a-national-disclosure-policy-for-large-scale-adverse-events-in-an-integrated-health-care-system-identification-of-gaps-and-successes
#5
Elizabeth M Maguire, Barbara G Bokhour, Todd H Wagner, Steven M Asch, Allen L Gifford, Thomas H Gallagher, Janet M Durfee, Richard A Martinello, A Rani Elwy
BACKGROUND: Many healthcare organizations have developed disclosure policies for large-scale adverse events, including the Veterans Health Administration (VA). This study evaluated VA's national large-scale disclosure policy and identifies gaps and successes in its implementation. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with leaders, hospital employees, and patients at nine sites to elicit their perceptions of recent large-scale adverse events notifications and the national disclosure policy...
November 11, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833214/telecommuting-and-earnings-trajectories-among-american-women-and-men-1989-2008
#6
Jennifer L Glass, Mary C Noonan
While flexibility in the location of work hours has shown positive organizational effects on productivity and retention, less is known about the earnings effects of telecommuting. We analyze weekly hours spent working from home using the 1989-2008 panels of the National Longitudinal Study of Youth. We describe the demographic and occupational characteristics of the employees engaged in telecommuting, then track their earnings growth with fixed-effects models, focusing on gender and parental status. Results show substantial variation in the earnings effects of telecommuting based on the point in the hours distribution worked from home...
September 2016: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832760/parents-working-together-development-and-feasibility-trial-of-a-workplace-based-program-for-parents-that-incorporates-general-parenting-and-health-behaviour-messages
#7
L Wilson, Donna Lero, Allan Smofsky, Deborah Gross, Jess Haines
BACKGROUND: Parenting programs integrating general parenting and health behaviour messaging may be an effective childhood obesity prevention strategy. The current study explored workplaces as an alternate setting to deliver parenting programs. METHODS: This study involved two phases. The objective of the first phase was to explore interest in and preferred delivery mode of a workplace program that addresses general parenting and health behaviours. The objective of the second phase was to adapt and test the feasibility and acceptability of a pre-existing program that has been successfully run in community settings for parents in their workplace...
November 10, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810889/factors-influencing-improved-attendance-in-the-uk-fire-service
#8
I Litchfield, P Hinckley
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence rates in the UK continue to exceed those in much of the developed world, with an annual cost to employers of £29 billion. Rates of sickness absence in the public sector are higher than those in the private sector, with the exception of the fire service where they are consistently lower. AIMS: To understand the influences that increase attendance among operational firefighters. METHODS: A series of semi-structured interviews undertaken with operational staff to explore their attitudes to sickness absence...
November 3, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792028/cost-and-culture-factors-influencing-worksite-physical-activity-across-three-universities
#9
Anna I Rinaldi-Miles, Bhibha M Das
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Worksites provide an ideal environment for physical activity (PA) interventions. Colleges and universities are a unique work venue, with institutions of higher education of varying scope within every state of the United States and worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To explore the institutional influences on worksite PA across multiple universities. PARTICIPANTS: Employees from two large, universities (Midwestern and Southern) and a mid-size, university (Midwestern) participated in exploratory research in March/April 2010 and 2013...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787691/workplace-outcomes-in-work-disability-prevention-research-a-review-with-recommendations-for-future-research
#10
Amanda E Young, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Cécile R L Boot, Chetwyn Chan, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, Steven J Linton
Introduction Outcome assessment is a central issue in work disability prevention research. The goal of this paper was to (1) ascertain the most salient workplace outcomes; (2) evaluate the congruence between business and science perspectives; (3) illustrate new perspectives on assessing longitudinal outcomes; and (4) provide recommendations for advancing outcome evaluation in this area of research. Methods The authors participated in a year-long collaboration that culminated in a sponsored 3-day conference, "Improving Research of Employer Practices to Prevent Disability", held October 14-16, 2015, in Hopkinton, MA, USA...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786506/service-workers-chain-reactions-to-daily-customer-mistreatment-behavioral-linkages-mechanisms-and-boundary-conditions
#11
Nai-Wen Chi, Jixia Yang, Chia-Ying Lin
Drawing on the stressor-emotion model, we examine how customer mistreatment can evoke service workers' passive forms of deviant behaviors (i.e., work withdrawal behavior [WWB]) and negative impacts on their home life (i.e., work-family conflict [WFC]), and whether individuals' core self-evaluations and customer service training can buffer the negative effects of customer mistreatment. Using the experience sampling method, we collect daily data from 77 customer service employees for 10 consecutive working days, yielding 546 valid daily responses...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784682/blood-pressure-elevation-lasting-longer-than-1-year-among-public-employees-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-the-watari-study
#12
Satoshi Konno, Masanori Munakata
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported that the public employees of Watari town showed significantly greater elevations in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure than the general population 4-8 months after the Great East Japan Earthquake, which occurred on 11 March 2011. To examine whether these differences persisted thereafter, we conducted a follow-up study for both the public employees and the general population of Watari town over 1 year. METHODS: Among 225 public employees and 1232 individuals from the general population of the town who received consecutive annual health checkups from 2010 to 2012, 89 pairs were matched for age and sex according to a propensity score...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779539/a-pilot-study-testing-of-the-psychological-conditions-scale-among-hospital-nurses
#13
Donna M Fountain, Charlotte Thomas-Hawkins
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the Psychological Conditions Scale (PCS), a measure of drivers of engagement in hospital-based nurses. BACKGROUND: Research suggests drivers of engagement are positive links to patient, employee, and hospital outcomes. Although this scale has been used in other occupations, it has not been tested in nursing. METHODS: A cross-sectional, methodological study using a convenience sample of 200 nurses in a large Magnet® hospital in New Jersey...
November 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776553/effects-of-a-job-crafting-intervention-program-on-work-engagement-among-japanese-employees-a-pretest-posttest-study
#14
Asuka Sakuraya, Akihito Shimazu, Kotaro Imamura, Katsuyuki Namba, Norito Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Job crafting, an employee-initiated job design/redesign, has become important for employees' well-being such as work engagement. This study examined the effectiveness of a newly developed job crafting intervention program on work engagement (as primary outcome), as well as job crafting and psychological distress (as secondary outcomes), using a pretest-posttest study design among Japanese employees. METHODS: Participants were managers of a private company and a private psychiatric hospital in Japan...
October 24, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752249/walking-the-tightrope-counterproductive-work-behavior-as-compensation-for-citizenship-demands
#15
Andromachi Spanouli, Joeri Hofmans
Amidst a struggling economy, organizations are ruled by the survival of the fittest paradigm but it is the employees who tend to pay the price, with increased demands which, oftentimes, fall outside their job scope. In the present paper, we examined whether pressuring people to engage in such organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) might in fact backfire and lead to increased Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB) because of compensatory mechanisms. We propose a typology of OCB that distinguishes between discretionary and elicited OCB, hypothesizing that elicited but not discretionary OCB, positively relates to CWB...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745770/how-do-potential-knowledge-users-evaluate-new-claims-about-a-contested-resource-problems-of-power-and-politics-in-knowledge-exchange-and-mobilization
#16
Nathan Young, Marianne Corriveau, Vivian M Nguyen, Steven J Cooke, Scott G Hinch
This article examines how potential users of scientific and local/traditional/experiential knowledge evaluate new claims to knowing, using 67 interviews with government employees and non-governmental stakeholders involved in co-managing salmon fisheries in Canada's Fraser River. Research has consistently shown that there are major obstacles to moving new knowledge into policy, management, and public domains. New concepts such as Knowledge Exchange (KE) and Knowledge Mobilization (KMb) are being used to investigate these obstacles, but the processes by which potential users evaluate (sometimes competing) knowledge claims remain poorly understood...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738513/mixed-methods-study-of-engagement-in-behaviors-to-prevent-type-2-diabetes-among-employees-with-pre-diabetes
#17
Jeffrey T Kullgren, Megan Knaus, Kristi Rahrig Jenkins, Michele Heisler
BACKGROUND: Many employers use screenings to identify and recommend modification of employees' risk factors for type 2 diabetes, yet little is known about how often employees then engage in recommended behaviors and what factors influence engagement. We examined the frequency of, facilitators of, and barriers to engagement in recommended behaviors among employees found to have pre-diabetes during a workplace screening. METHODS: We surveyed 82 University of Michigan employees who were found to have pre-diabetes during a 2014 workplace screening and compared the characteristics of employees who 3 months later were and were not engaged in recommended behaviors...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725492/what-is-the-purpose-of-the-stress-check-program
#18
Norio Sugawara, Manabu Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Since December 1, 2015, the Japanese government has required employers to conduct the Stress Check Program. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare announced that this program should focus on the primary prevention of mental health problems. Although employers are obliged to perform screening for mental health problems and a physician's interview, employees are not mandated to participate in this program. Classical occupational health studies have accumulated evidence indicating that quantitative or qualitative workload is associated with mental health problems...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721517/filling-the-holes-work-schedulers-as-job-crafters-of-employment-practice-in-long-term-health-care
#19
Ellen Ernst Kossek, Matthew M Piszczek, Kristie L Mcalpine, Leslie B Hammer, Lisa Burke
Although work schedulers serve an organizational role influencing decisions about balancing conflicting stakeholder interests over schedules and staffing, scheduling has primarily been described as an objective activity or individual job characteristic. The authors use the lens of job crafting to examine how schedulers in 26 health care facilities enact their roles as they "fill holes" to schedule workers. Qualitative analysis of interview data suggests that schedulers expand their formal scope and influence to meet their interpretations of how to manage stakeholders (employers, workers, and patients)...
August 2016: Industrial & Labor Relations Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719551/who-seeks-job-resources-and-who-avoids-job-demands-the-link-between-dark-personality-traits-and-job-crafting
#20
Marta Roczniewska, Arnold B Bakker
Although job crafting has been linked repeatedly to positive employee and organizational outcomes, its detrimental side has not been well explored. To understand the way dark personality traits affect the type of crafting in which employees engage, this research focuses on two frameworks: the PEN (psychopathy, extraversion, and neuroticism) framework and the Dark Triad (narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism). In Study 1, we collected data on the PEN traits and job crafting from 155 individuals in various occupations...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Psychology
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