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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074580/employer-wellness-programs-challenged-in-court
#1
Mark A Rothstein
Many employers faced with rising health care costs have adopted "voluntary" wellness programs that urge employees to engage in various health-promotion activities, such as smoking cessation and weight reduction. In the proper setting, measures to promote a more healthful lifestyle are difficult to question, but there is little compelling evidence that workplace wellness programs have significant, sustained health benefits or substantially reduce health care costs other than through cost-shifting to unhealthy employees...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054818/it-s-not-me-it-s-not-you-it-s-us-an-empirical-examination-of-relational-attributions
#2
Marion B Eberly, Erica C Holley, Michael D Johnson, Terence R Mitchell
It has recently been suggested that attribution theory expand its locus of causality dimension beyond internal and external attributions to include relational (i.e., interpersonal) attributions (Eberly, Holley, Johnson, & Mitchell, 2011). The current investigation was designed to empirically focus on relationship dynamics, specifically where 1 member of the relationship receives negative performance-related feedback. We use quantitative and qualitative data from 7 samples (5 samples for scale validation in Study 1 and 2 for hypothesis testing in Studies 2 and 3) that provide empirical support for the existence and impact of relational attributions...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048829/th-d-204-01-the-pursuit-of-radiation-oncology-performance-excellence
#3
E Sternick
: The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Improvement Act was signed into law in 1987 to advance U.S. business competitiveness and economic growth. Administered by the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST, the Act created the Baldrige National Quality Program, now renamed the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program. The comprehensive analytical approaches referred to as the Baldrige Healthcare Criteria, are very well suited for the evaluation and sustainable improvement of radiation oncology management and operations...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047795/su-f-e-11-perception-and-implementation-of-collaborative-documentation-technologies-among-medical-physics-educators-and-industry-professionals-a-current-practice-survey
#4
Angela N Johnson
PURPOSE: Collaboration on documents and manuscripts plays a central role in conveying medical physics concepts between interdisciplinary teams, necessary for knowledge-building, acquiring funding, and translating scientific concepts to applied medical solutions. Conventional tools and emerging internet-based solutions are used in generating and disseminating physics documents among teams. This research aimed to gain insights on how medical physics professionals and educators are using collaborative documentation software and team practices...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047727/th-d-204-00-the-pursuit-of-radiation-oncology-performance-excellence
#5
Edward Sternick
: The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Improvement Act was signed into law in 1987 to advance U.S. business competitiveness and economic growth. Administered by the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST, the Act created the Baldrige National Quality Program, now renamed the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program. The comprehensive analytical approaches referred to as the Baldrige Healthcare Criteria, are very well suited for the evaluation and sustainable improvement of radiation oncology management and operations...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045939/association-of-occupational-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-with-aerobic-capacity-in-a-working-population
#6
Jonas Mundwiler, Ulla Schüpbach, Thomas Dieterle, Jörg Daniel Leuppi, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, David Paul Wolfer, David Miedinger, Stefanie Brighenti-Zogg
INTRODUCTION: Objective data on the association of maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) with work related physical activity are sparse. Thus, it is not clear whether occupational physical activity (OPA) contributes to an increase of VO2max. This study examined the association of VO2max with work and non-work related physical activity in a Swiss working population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 337 healthy and full-time employed adults were recruited...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025924/improving-comprehensive-medication-review-acceptance-by-using-a-standardized-recruitment-script-a-randomized-control-trial
#7
Alexander Miguel, Anna Hall, Wei Liu, Jeremy Garrett, Angel Ballew, Tsu-Hsaun Yang, Richard Segal
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) require prescription drug plan sponsors to offer a comprehensive medication review (CMR) annually to eligible beneficiaries through the plans' Medication Therapy Management Programs (MTMPs). In 2011, the Pharmacy Quality Alliance endorsed the CMR completion rate as a quality measure for MTMPs, and CMS has adopted the measure into the 2016 CMS star ratings. CMS star ratings are used to describe the quality of plans to assist Medicare plan enrollees in choosing a plan and to determine quality bonus payments for Medicare Advantage plans...
January 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011660/time-and-participation-in-workplace-health-promotion-australian-qualitative-study
#8
Ginny M Sargent, Cathy Banwell, Lyndall Strazdins, Jane Dixon
Workplaces are considered promising settings for protecting and promoting the health and wellbeing of employees. To date, few workplaces, particularly small and medium sized enterprises (SME), or their workers, have adopted Workplace Health Promotion (WHP), raising questions as to why. We conducted interviews in 10 SME in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) asking managers and workers to reflect on the reasons for their participation (or not) in WHP activities. We qualitatively explored factors that managers consider important when deciding whether to offer WHP and compared these to worker considerations regarding participation...
December 23, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009697/an-intervention-bundle-to-facilitate-return-to-work-for-burn-injured-workers-report-from-a-burn-model-system-investigation
#9
Gretchen J Carrougher, Sabina B Brych, Tam N Pham, Samuel P Mandell, Nicole S Gibran
Rates of return to work (RTW) after burn injury vary. A 2012 systematic review of the burn literature reported that nearly 28% of all adult burn survivors never return to any form of employment. These authors called for interventions designed to assist survivors' ability to function in an employed capacity. In 2010, our burn center outpatient clinic instituted an intervention aimed to return injured workers to employment within 90 days of their insurance claims. The interventions include patient/family education focused on recovery rather than disability, employer contact and education by the vocational rehabilitation (VR) counselor, physician recommendations for work accommodations, provision of employee status letters, and Activity Prescription Forms (APFs)...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997477/an-examination-of-the-self-directed-online-leadership-learning-choices-of-public-health-professionals-the-maternal-and-child-health-public-health-leadership-institute-experience
#10
Claudia S P Fernandez, Cheryl C Noble, Elizabeth T Jensen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the self-selected asynchronous leadership module-based learning choices of public health professionals participating in the Maternal and Child Health Public Health Leadership Institute (MCH PHLI). METHODS: Online module completion and evaluation data were used to determine the topics most utilized by the Fellows; whether the topics and mode of training were acceptable, relevant, and practical; and whether participant characteristics explained any usage patterns...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986735/assessing-the-exposure-of-street-sweeping-and-potential-risk-factors-for-developing-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-related-disabilities-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Pradeep S Salve, Praveen Chokhandre
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the exposure of those involved in street sweeping to the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and related disabilities and tries to identify the individual risk factors thereof. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among street sweepers together with a comparison group. A modified Standardized Nordic Questionnaire was adopted to measure the prevalence of MSDs and related disabilities. The impact of the occupation of sweeping on the development of MSDs and related disabilities was assessed using the propensity score matching (PSM) method...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983894/health-system-advance-care-planning-culture-change-for-high-risk-patients-the-promise-and-challenges-of-engaging-providers-patients-and-families-in-systematic-advance-care-planning
#12
Jennifer Reidy, Jennifer Halvorson, Suzana Makowski, Delila Katz, Barbara Weinstein, Christine McCluskey, Alex Doering, Kathryn DeCarli, Jennifer Tjia
BACKGROUND: The success of a facilitator-based model for advance care planning (ACP) in LaCrosse, Wisconsin, has inspired health systems to aim for widespread documentation of advance directives, but limited resources impair efforts to replicate this model. One promising strategy is the development of interactive, Internet-based tools that might increase access to individualized ACP at minimal cost. However, widespread adoption and implementation of Internet-based ACP efforts has yet to be described...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978858/increasing-engagement-with-and-effectiveness-of-an-online-cbt-based-stress-management-intervention-for-employees-through-the-use-of-an-online-facilitated-bulletin-board-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kathryn Greenwood, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: The evidence for the benefits of online cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT)-based programmes delivered in a clinical context is clear, but this evidence does not translate to online CBT-based stress management programmes delivered within a workplace context. One of the challenges to the delivery of online interventions is programme engagement; this challenge is even more acute for interventions delivered in real-world settings such as the workplace. The purpose of this pilot study is to explore the effect of an online facilitated discussion group on engagement, and to estimate the potential effectiveness of an online CBT-based stress management programme...
December 15, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930488/bike-desks-in-the-office-physical-health-cognitive-function-work-engagement-and-work-performance
#14
Tine Torbeyns, Bas de Geus, Stephen Bailey, Kevin De Pauw, Lieselot Decroix, Jeroen Van Cutsem, Romain Meeusen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal effect of implementing bike desks in an office setting on physical health, cognition, and work parameters. METHODS: Physical health, cognitive function, work engagement, and work performance measured before (T0) and after (T2) the intervention period were compared between office workers who used the bike desk (IG, n = 22) and those who did not (CG, n = 16). RESULTS: The IG cycled approximately 98 minutes/week...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924234/a-descriptive-study-of-occupational-health-services-in-self-employed-enterprises-nanoscale-enterprises-shiraz-iran
#15
Mehdi Jahangiri, Akbar Rostamabadi, Parvaneh Yekzamani, Bahare Mahmood Abadi, Fariborz Behbood, Seyyedeh Fatemeh Ahmadi, Zahra Momeni
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted with aim of providing an overview of the current status of occupational health services and identifying the most common harmful agents at workplaces of Iranian self-employed enterprises (Nano-Scale Enterprises). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among a random sample including 1,758 employees engaging in self-employed enterprises with 5 and less employees. RESULTS: Coverage of occupational health surveillance was very poor, annual health examinations were been conducted only for 64 (3...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907223/-mental-retirement-trajectories-of-work-engagement-preceding-retirement-among-older-workers
#16
Astrid de Wind, Fenna Rm Leijten, Trynke Hoekstra, Goedele A Geuskens, Alex Burdorf, Allard J van der Beek
Objectives Before actual retirement, employees may already distance themselves from work, which could be referred to as "mental retirement". However, trajectories of work motivation, ie, work engagement, have not been studied yet. The present study aimed to (i) identify different trajectories of work engagement among older workers approaching the retirement age, and (ii) examine their associations with actual retirement. Methods In total 3171 employees aged 55-62 years, who participated in the Dutch Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were included in this study...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885245/personal-lifestyle-as-a-resource-for-work-engagement
#17
Daisuke Nishi, Yuriko Suzuki, Junko Nishida, Kazuo Mishima, Yoshio Yamanouchi
OBJECTIVES: Personal lifestyle, including diet, exercise, and sleep, might have an impact on work engagement, though previous studies have not focused on these relationships. The aim of this study was to examine whether dietary intake of fish, regular exercise, sufficient sleep, abstinence from alcohol, and abstinence from tobacco were positively associated with work engagement. METHODS: We recruited adults aged 40-74 years who attended the health checkups with a particular focus on the metabolic syndrome in central Tokyo...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876737/-the-occupational-risk-of-hearing-impairment-associated-with-cardiovascular-pathologies-in-the-subjects-engaged-in-noisy-industries
#18
V B Pankova, E A Preobrazhenskaya, I N Fedina
The objective of the present study was to analyze the structure of concomitant somatic pathology in the subjects experiencing the occupational hearing problems. The study demonstrated the increase in the frequency of concomitant chronic diseases and the prevalence of polynosological conditions with the increasing severity of hearing impairment. It was shown that cardiovascular pathologies tend to enhance the risk of hearing loss in the employees engaged in «noisy» occupations. The cause-and-effect relationships were elucidated as the contribution of the "vascular" factor to the formation of occupational pathology of the organs of hearing...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872668/with-a-little-help-from-my-family-a-mixed-method-study-on-the-outcomes-of-family-support-and-workload
#19
Alessandro Lo Presti, Fulvia D'Aloisio, Sara Pluviano
Our aim was to investigate some predictors and outcomes of family-to-work enrichment (FWE) via a mixed-method approach. We sampled 447 married employees of an Italian factory. Survey results from Study 1 showed that emotional support from family positively predicted FWE, while this latter mediated the associations between the former on one side, and work engagement and life satisfaction on the other. Moreover, extra-household support directly associated positively with life satisfaction. Evidence from 20 anthropological in-depth interviews (Study 2) returned a more complex picture, highlighting the gendered role of partners inside couples, the importance of kinship support, the sense and the value of filiation and parenthood in their connection with job roles, the complex and continuous interplay between family and life domains...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835983/evaluating-the-implementation-of-a-national-disclosure-policy-for-large-scale-adverse-events-in-an-integrated-health-care-system-identification-of-gaps-and-successes
#20
Elizabeth M Maguire, Barbara G Bokhour, Todd H Wagner, Steven M Asch, Allen L Gifford, Thomas H Gallagher, Janet M Durfee, Richard A Martinello, A Rani Elwy
BACKGROUND: Many healthcare organizations have developed disclosure policies for large-scale adverse events, including the Veterans Health Administration (VA). This study evaluated VA's national large-scale disclosure policy and identifies gaps and successes in its implementation. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with leaders, hospital employees, and patients at nine sites to elicit their perceptions of recent large-scale adverse events notifications and the national disclosure policy...
November 11, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
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