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Pharmd research

Heather D Anderson, Joseph J Saseen
PURPOSE: Research has a prominent role within the field of pharmacy practice. However, no studies have assessed the importance of research methods in pharmacy education from the perspective of students, residents, or residency directors. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered online in spring 2014 to four respondent groups: University of Colorado fourth year PharmD (P4) students, post graduate year 1 (PGY1) residents, and PGY1 and post-graduate year 2 (PGY2) residency directors...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Yan Zhang, Lisa B Phipps, Jennifer McDaniel
Objective. To describe the development of a pharmacognosy course that uses a combination of didactic teaching, team-based projects, and practicum laboratory practice. Methods. A course titled "Pharmacognosy" was developed by applying a three-tier teaching methodology: in the classroom, the basic concepts and principles were introduced in a didactic manner; outside the classroom, students worked in teams and each team created an independent literature-based research project that was submitted as a poster presentation; in the pharmacy practicum laboratory, students worked individually and conducted a quality control experiment comprised of a quantitative analysis of an herbal product...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Mitra Assemi, Jessica Yu, Sum Liu, Robin L Corelli, Karen Suchanek Hudmon
Objective. To characterize educational attainment and experiences of current US pharmacy school deans and chairs. Methods. A cross-sectional study using a publicly available listing of accredited schools and information. Results. Among 134 deans and 301 chairs, 79.9% and 65.5% held a professional degree (BSPharm and/or PharmD), 33.6% and 26.2% completed PGY-1 residencies, 12.7% and 15.6% completed post-PharmD fellowships, 23.1% and 33.9% completed post-doctoral fellowships, and 13.4% and 18.3% held BPS certification, respectively...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Quan Shi, Michael Jolly, Marian G Mccord, Melanie S Joy
Correspondence: Melanie S. Joy, PharmD, PhD, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mail Stop C238, Room V20-4108, 12850 East Montview Blvd, Aurora, CO 80045. Email: Melanie.Joy@ucdenver.eduThe research employed surface engineering methods to develop, optimize, and characterize a novel textile-based hemoadsorption device for hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis-dependent end-stage kidney disease. Phosphate adsorbent fabrics (PAFs) were prepared by thermopressing alumina powders to polyester filtration fabrics and treatment with trimesic acid (TMA)...
August 8, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Daniel L Hertz, Jasmine A Luzum, Amy L Pasternak, Kristen M Ward, Hao-Jie Zhu, James M Rae, Vicki L Ellingrod
The University of Michigan College of Pharmacy has made substantial investment in the area of pharmacogenomics to further bolster its activity in pharmacogenomics research, implementation and education. Four tenure-track faculty members have active research programs that focus primarily on the discovery of functional polymorphisms (HJ Zhu), and genetic associations with treatment outcomes in patients with cancer (DL Hertz), cardiovascular disease (JA Luzum) and psychiatric conditions (VL Ellingrod). Recent investments from the University and the College have accelerated the implementation of pharmacogenetics broadly across the institution and in targeted therapeutic areas...
July 26, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
Katharina Brandl, David Adler, Carolyn Kelly, Palmer Taylor, Brookie M Best
Objectives. This study investigated the impact of an optional 12-week summer research program on the publication outcomes and satisfaction with the required research projects of doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences (SSPPS) at the University of California San Diego. Methods. PubMed and Google searches provided student publications, and satisfaction surveys submitted by students provided their perceptions of the research project value. Results. Of the studied cohort, the 130 students who fulfilled the requirement through the optional summer research program provided 61 full-text manuscripts and 113 abstracts...
April 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Richard A Hansen, Margaret Williamson, Lynn Stevenson, Brandy R Davis, R Lee Evans
Objectives. To launch and evaluate a comparative effectiveness research education and dissemination program as part of an introductory pharmacy practice experience (IPPE). Methods. First- through third-year PharmD students received training on comparative effectiveness research and disseminated printed educational materials to patients in the community who they were monitoring longitudinally (n=314). Students completed an assessment and initial visit documentation form at the first visit, and a follow-up assessment and documentation form at a subsequent visit...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Scott A Chapman, Catherine A St Hill, Meg M Little, Michael T Swanoski, Shellina R Scheiner, Kenric B Ware, M Nawal Lutfiyya
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke is a risk associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) and is estimated to occur five times more often in afflicted patients than in those without AF. Anti-thrombotic therapy is recommended for the prevention of ischemic stroke. Risk stratification tools, such as the CHADS2, and more recently the CHA2DS2-VASc, for predicting stroke in patients with AF have been developed to determine the level of stroke risk and assist clinicians in the selection of antithrombotic therapy...
February 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Oluwatoyin A Asojo, Ashish Damania, Teri L Turner, Gayle Slaughter, Kendal D Hirschi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Scott D Newsome, Philip J Aliotta, Jacquelyn Bainbridge, Susan E Bennett, Gary Cutter, Kaylan Fenton, Fred Lublin, Dorothy Northrop, David Rintell, Bryan D Walker, Megan Weigel, Kathleen Zackowski, David E Jones
Activity Available Online: To access the article, post-test, and evaluation online, go to TARGET AUDIENCE: The target audience for this activity is physicians, physician assistants, nursing professionals, and other health-care providers involved in the management of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Apply new information about MS to a comprehensive individualized treatment plan for patients with MSIntegrate the team approach into long-term planning in order to optimize rehabilitation care of patients with MSAccreditation Statement: This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of the Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers (CMSC), Nurse Practitioner Alternatives (NPA), and Delaware Media Group...
November 2016: International Journal of MS Care
Elena V Fernandez, Jennifer A McDaniel, Norman V Carroll
BACKGROUND: Higher medication adherence is associated with positive health outcomes, including reduction in hospitalizations and costs, and many interventions have been implemented to increase patient adherence. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether patients experience higher medication adherence by using mail-order or retail pharmacies. METHODS: Articles pertaining to retail and mail-order pharmacies and medication adherence were collected from 3 literature databases: MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA)...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Christopher L Bowlus, James T Kenney, Gary Rice, Robert Navarro
BACKGROUND: Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), previously known as primary biliary cirrhosis and which has been designated an orphan condition, is a chronic autoimmune disease resulting in the destruction of the small bile ducts in the liver. Without effective treatment, disease progression frequently leads to liver failure and death. Until May 2016, the only FDA-approved treatment for PBC was ursodiol (UDCA), an oral hydrophilic bile acid, which can slow progression of liver damage due to PBC...
October 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Kevin Cowart, Kamila Dell, Nazach Rodriguez-Snapp, Heather M W Petrelli
Objective. To investigate the correlation of mean admission multiple mini-interview (MMI) scores with cumulative and overall GPA across didactic years 1-3 in the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum. Methods. The mean admission MMI score and cumulative and overall GPA for first year (P1), second year (P2), and third year (P3) students in the PharmD curriculum was used to conduct a multiple regression analysis and to calculate a Pearson correlation coefficient. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS, v20...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Arturo Carpio, Agnès Fleury, Matthew L Romo, Ronaldo Abraham, Jaime Fandiño, Juan C Durán, Graciela Cárdenas, Jorge Moncayo, Cleonísio Leite Rodrigues, Daniel San-Juan, Marcos Serrano-Dueñas, Oswaldo Takayanagui, Josemir W Sander
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) remains problematic because of the heterogeneity of its clinical, immunological, and imaging characteristics. Our aim was to develop and assess a new set of diagnostic criteria for NCC, which might allow for the accurate detection of, and differentiation between, parenchymal and extraparenchymal disease. METHODS: A group of Latin American NCC experts developed by consensus a new set of diagnostic criteria for NCC...
September 2016: Annals of Neurology
Christina H Sherrill, Angela Pentecost, Emily E Wood
BACKGROUND: Diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension are complex chronic disease states that often require close monitoring and frequent follow-up to achieve and maintain therapeutic control as determined by hemoglobin A1c (A1c), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and blood pressure (BP). At the Charles George Veterans Affairs Medical Center (CGVAMC), physicians may refer their patients to the on-site pharmacist-managed Risk Reduction Clinic (RRC). Patients are discharged from the RRC once patient-specific therapeutic goals have been met for diabetes, dyslipidemia, and/or hypertension...
January 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
JoAnn D Long, Paula Gannaway, Cindy Ford, Rita Doumit, Nadine Zeeni, Ola Sukkarieh-Haraty, Aline Milane, Beverly Byers, LaNell Harrison, Daniel Hatch, Justin Brown, Sharlan Proper, Patricia White, Huaxin Song
BACKGROUND: As the world becomes increasingly digital, advances in technology have changed how students access evidence-based information. Research suggests that students overestimate their ability to locate quality online research and lack the skills needed to evaluate the scientific literature. Clinical nurses report relying on personal experience to answer clinical questions rather than searching evidence-based sources. To address the problem, a web-based, evidence-based research (EBR) tool that is usable from a computer, smartphone, or iPad was developed and tested...
February 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Jie Ting, PharmD Tien Ho, Pin Xiang, Amanda Sugay, Maher Abdel-Sattar, Leslie Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the cost-effectiveness of tyrosine kinase inhibitors erlotinib or afatinib, or chemotherapy cisplatin-pemetrexed, for first-line treatment of advanced epithelial growth factor receptor mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer in the United States. We also assessed the expected benefit of further research to reduce uncertainty regarding which treatment is optimal. METHODS: We developed a Markov model to compare the cost-effectiveness of erlotinib, afatinib, and cisplatin-pemetrexed...
September 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Claire Thom
Claire Thom speaks to Gemma Westcott, Commissioning Editor: Claire Thom joined Astellas in 2013 as the Therapeutic Area Head for Oncology in Global Development. In that role, she also serves as the STAR leader for Oncology for Astellas. Prior to Astellas, she spent 12 years with Takeda. Her last position was Senior Vice President, Portfolio Management, Drug Development Management and Medical Informatics and Strategic Operations within the Medical Division (the Division within Millennium responsible for oncology clinical drug development within Takeda)...
September 2015: Future Oncology
Prasanna R Deshpande, Raghuram Vantipalli, C H Chaitanya Lakshmi, E Jagadeswara Rao, Bishnu Regmi, Abdul Ahad, P Sharmila Nirojini
Pharmacy practice is still in the initial stages of development in India, but launching of Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) study program has brought serious discussions about clinical pharmacy in the country. As the profession is in budding stage in the country, the patients, physicians, nurses, other healthcare providers, recruiters in pharmaceutical industries, prospective students, and their parents have numerous questions about this profession and study course. The objective of this article is to create awareness about clinical pharmacy services (CPS) and to introduce the role of clinical pharmacists (CPs)...
July 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Muhammad Umair Khan, Akram Ahmad, Kazim Hussain, Aqsa Salam, Zain-Ul Hasnain, Isha Patel
PURPOSE: In Pakistan, courses in pharmacy practice, which are an essential component of the PharmD curriculum, were launched with the aim of strengthening pharmacy practice overall and enabling pharmacy students to cope with the challenges involved in meeting real-world healthcare needs. Since very little research has assessed the efficacy of such courses, we aimed to evaluate students' perceptions of pharmacy practice courses and their opinions about whether their current knowledge of the topics covered in pharmacy practice courses is adequate for future practice...
2015: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
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