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Pharmd research

Richard A Hansen, Margaret Williamson, Lynn Stevenson, Brandy R Davis, R Lee Evans
Objectives. To launch and evaluate a comparative effectiveness research education and dissemination program as part of an introductory pharmacy practice experience (IPPE). Methods. First- through third-year PharmD students received training on comparative effectiveness research and disseminated printed educational materials to patients in the community who they were monitoring longitudinally (n=314). Students completed an assessment and initial visit documentation form at the first visit, and a follow-up assessment and documentation form at a subsequent visit...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Scott A Chapman, Catherine A St Hill, Meg M Little, Michael T Swanoski, Shellina R Scheiner, Kenric B Ware, M Nawal Lutfiyya
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke is a risk associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) and is estimated to occur five times more often in afflicted patients than in those without AF. Anti-thrombotic therapy is recommended for the prevention of ischemic stroke. Risk stratification tools, such as the CHADS2, and more recently the CHA2DS2-VASc, for predicting stroke in patients with AF have been developed to determine the level of stroke risk and assist clinicians in the selection of antithrombotic therapy...
February 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Oluwatoyin A Asojo, Ashish Damania, Teri L Turner, Gayle Slaughter, Kendal D Hirschi
The ethnic, racial, and cultural diversity of the USA is not reflected in its healthcare and biomedical workforce. Undergraduate research programs are used to encourage underrepresented minorities to pursue training for biomedical careers, but there is limited published data on doctoral degree completion rates by participants in these programs. This study evaluates the attainment of doctoral degrees by a NIH-funded cohort of undergraduates from the 1998-2002 Baylor College of Medicine's Summer Medical Research Training (SMART) program...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Scott D Newsome, Philip J Aliotta, Jacquelyn Bainbridge, Susan E Bennett, Gary Cutter, Kaylan Fenton, Fred Lublin, Dorothy Northrop, David Rintell, Bryan D Walker, Megan Weigel, Kathleen Zackowski, David E Jones
Activity Available Online: To access the article, post-test, and evaluation online, go to TARGET AUDIENCE: The target audience for this activity is physicians, physician assistants, nursing professionals, and other health-care providers involved in the management of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Apply new information about MS to a comprehensive individualized treatment plan for patients with MSIntegrate the team approach into long-term planning in order to optimize rehabilitation care of patients with MSAccreditation Statement: This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of the Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers (CMSC), Nurse Practitioner Alternatives (NPA), and Delaware Media Group...
November 2016: International Journal of MS Care
Elena V Fernandez, Jennifer A McDaniel, Norman V Carroll
BACKGROUND: Higher medication adherence is associated with positive health outcomes, including reduction in hospitalizations and costs, and many interventions have been implemented to increase patient adherence. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether patients experience higher medication adherence by using mail-order or retail pharmacies. METHODS: Articles pertaining to retail and mail-order pharmacies and medication adherence were collected from 3 literature databases: MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA)...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Christopher L Bowlus, James T Kenney, Gary Rice, Robert Navarro
BACKGROUND: Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), previously known as primary biliary cirrhosis and which has been designated an orphan condition, is a chronic autoimmune disease resulting in the destruction of the small bile ducts in the liver. Without effective treatment, disease progression frequently leads to liver failure and death. Until May 2016, the only FDA-approved treatment for PBC was ursodiol (UDCA), an oral hydrophilic bile acid, which can slow progression of liver damage due to PBC...
October 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Kevin Cowart, Kamila Dell, Nazach Rodriguez-Snapp, Heather M W Petrelli
Objective. To investigate the correlation of mean admission multiple mini-interview (MMI) scores with cumulative and overall GPA across didactic years 1-3 in the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum. Methods. The mean admission MMI score and cumulative and overall GPA for first year (P1), second year (P2), and third year (P3) students in the PharmD curriculum was used to conduct a multiple regression analysis and to calculate a Pearson correlation coefficient. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS, v20...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Arturo Carpio, Agnès Fleury, Matthew L Romo, Ronaldo Abraham, Jaime Fandiño, Juan C Durán, Graciela Cárdenas, Jorge Moncayo, Cleonísio Leite Rodrigues, Daniel San-Juan, Marcos Serrano-Dueñas, Oswaldo Takayanagui, Josemir W Sander
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) remains problematic because of the heterogeneity of its clinical, immunological, and imaging characteristics. Our aim was to develop and assess a new set of diagnostic criteria for NCC, which might allow for the accurate detection of, and differentiation between, parenchymal and extraparenchymal disease. METHODS: A group of Latin American NCC experts developed by consensus a new set of diagnostic criteria for NCC...
September 2016: Annals of Neurology
Christina H Sherrill, Angela Pentecost, Emily E Wood
BACKGROUND: Diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension are complex chronic disease states that often require close monitoring and frequent follow-up to achieve and maintain therapeutic control as determined by hemoglobin A1c (A1c), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and blood pressure (BP). At the Charles George Veterans Affairs Medical Center (CGVAMC), physicians may refer their patients to the on-site pharmacist-managed Risk Reduction Clinic (RRC). Patients are discharged from the RRC once patient-specific therapeutic goals have been met for diabetes, dyslipidemia, and/or hypertension...
January 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
JoAnn D Long, Paula Gannaway, Cindy Ford, Rita Doumit, Nadine Zeeni, Ola Sukkarieh-Haraty, Aline Milane, Beverly Byers, LaNell Harrison, Daniel Hatch, Justin Brown, Sharlan Proper, Patricia White, Huaxin Song
BACKGROUND: As the world becomes increasingly digital, advances in technology have changed how students access evidence-based information. Research suggests that students overestimate their ability to locate quality online research and lack the skills needed to evaluate the scientific literature. Clinical nurses report relying on personal experience to answer clinical questions rather than searching evidence-based sources. To address the problem, a web-based, evidence-based research (EBR) tool that is usable from a computer, smartphone, or iPad was developed and tested...
February 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Jie Ting, PharmD Tien Ho, Pin Xiang, Amanda Sugay, Maher Abdel-Sattar, Leslie Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the cost-effectiveness of tyrosine kinase inhibitors erlotinib or afatinib, or chemotherapy cisplatin-pemetrexed, for first-line treatment of advanced epithelial growth factor receptor mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer in the United States. We also assessed the expected benefit of further research to reduce uncertainty regarding which treatment is optimal. METHODS: We developed a Markov model to compare the cost-effectiveness of erlotinib, afatinib, and cisplatin-pemetrexed...
September 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Claire Thom
Claire Thom speaks to Gemma Westcott, Commissioning Editor: Claire Thom joined Astellas in 2013 as the Therapeutic Area Head for Oncology in Global Development. In that role, she also serves as the STAR leader for Oncology for Astellas. Prior to Astellas, she spent 12 years with Takeda. Her last position was Senior Vice President, Portfolio Management, Drug Development Management and Medical Informatics and Strategic Operations within the Medical Division (the Division within Millennium responsible for oncology clinical drug development within Takeda)...
September 2015: Future Oncology
Prasanna R Deshpande, Raghuram Vantipalli, C H Chaitanya Lakshmi, E Jagadeswara Rao, Bishnu Regmi, Abdul Ahad, P Sharmila Nirojini
Pharmacy practice is still in the initial stages of development in India, but launching of Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) study program has brought serious discussions about clinical pharmacy in the country. As the profession is in budding stage in the country, the patients, physicians, nurses, other healthcare providers, recruiters in pharmaceutical industries, prospective students, and their parents have numerous questions about this profession and study course. The objective of this article is to create awareness about clinical pharmacy services (CPS) and to introduce the role of clinical pharmacists (CPs)...
July 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Muhammad Umair Khan, Akram Ahmad, Kazim Hussain, Aqsa Salam, Zain-Ul Hasnain, Isha Patel
PURPOSE: In Pakistan, courses in pharmacy practice, which are an essential component of the PharmD curriculum, were launched with the aim of strengthening pharmacy practice overall and enabling pharmacy students to cope with the challenges involved in meeting real-world healthcare needs. Since very little research has assessed the efficacy of such courses, we aimed to evaluate students' perceptions of pharmacy practice courses and their opinions about whether their current knowledge of the topics covered in pharmacy practice courses is adequate for future practice...
2015: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Teeraporn Chanakit, Bee Yean Low, Payom Wongpoowarak, Summana Moolasarn, Claire Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To explore the current status of pharmacy education in Thailand. METHODS: The International Pharmaceutical Federation of the World Health Organization's (FIP-WHO) Global Survey of Pharmacy Schools was used for this study. The survey instrument was distributed to the deans of the 19 faculties (colleges) of pharmacy in Thailand. RESULTS: More than half the colleges have been in existence less than 20 years, and the government owns 80% of them...
November 15, 2014: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Carolyn Ma, Sheri Tokumaru, Roy Goo, Anita Ciarleglio
Residency training is designed to provide recent pharmacy school graduates who have the profession's terminal Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree with accelerated growth beyond entry-level professional competence. Placement into residency programs is highly competitive through an application and match process. These programs provide additional training in patient-centered care with advancement of skills in clinical judgment, pharmacy operations, clinical research, project management, and leadership. Approximately 20% of a pharmacy graduating class will apply for a residency...
May 2015: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Ashok Philip, Mark Stephens, Sheila L Mitchell, E Blake Watkins
OBJECTIVE: To provide students with an opportunity to participate in medicinal chemistry research within the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum. DESIGN: We designed and implemented a 3-course sequence in drug design or drug synthesis for pharmacy students consisting of a 1-month advanced elective followed by two 1-month research advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs). To maximize student involvement, this 3-course sequence was offered to third-year and fourth-year students twice per calendar year...
April 25, 2015: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Akram Ahmad, Muhammad U Khan, Jagadeesan Moorthy, Shazia Q Jamshed, Isha Patel
BACKGROUND: There is limited research on pharmacy specialization based differences with regards to usage of antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: To compare the knowledge, attitude and practice of Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm) and Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) students about usage and resistance of antibiotics in Southern India. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study involving final year BPharm and PharmD students studying in two private institutions located in Andra Pradesh, India...
January 2015: Pharmacy Practice
Mitra Assemi, Francisco Ibarra, Ronna Mallios, Robin L Corelli
OBJECTIVE: To determine dissemination outcomes and faculty perceptions of senior research projects conducted from 2008 to 2011 by PharmD students in a curricular pathway focused on direct patient care. METHODS: Preceptors' reported dissemination outcomes of research projects were surveyed and their perceptions of the precepting experience were rated using a web-based survey. Results were compared to those from an earlier pharmaceutical care cohort (2002-2007) and a combined cohort of 2, more research-intensive curricular pathways at the school...
March 25, 2015: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Mustapha Beleh, Melanie Engels, George Garcia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of an integrated medicinal chemistry/pharmacology course sequence and its alignment with a therapeutics series. DESIGN: Each topic was divided into modules consisting of 2-hour blocks, and the content was integrated and aligned with the therapeutics series. Recitation sessions emphasizing application skills in an interactive environment followed each of three 2-hour blocks. To ensure that students achieved competency in each unit, students failing any unit examination were encouraged to undergo remediation...
February 17, 2015: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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