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Pharmd research

Christopher L Bowlus, James T Kenney, Gary Rice, Robert Navarro
BACKGROUND: Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), previously known as primary biliary cirrhosis and which has been designated an orphan condition, is a chronic autoimmune disease resulting in the destruction of the small bile ducts in the liver. Without effective treatment, disease progression frequently leads to liver failure and death. Until May 2016, the only FDA-approved treatment for PBC was ursodiol (UDCA), an oral hydrophilic bile acid, which can slow progression of liver damage due to PBC...
October 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Kevin Cowart, Kamila Dell, Nazach Rodriguez-Snapp, Heather M W Petrelli
Objective. To investigate the correlation of mean admission multiple mini-interview (MMI) scores with cumulative and overall GPA across didactic years 1-3 in the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum. Methods. The mean admission MMI score and cumulative and overall GPA for first year (P1), second year (P2), and third year (P3) students in the PharmD curriculum was used to conduct a multiple regression analysis and to calculate a Pearson correlation coefficient. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS, v20...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Arturo Carpio, Agnès Fleury, Matthew L Romo, Ronaldo Abraham, Jaime Fandiño, Juan C Durán, Graciela Cárdenas, Jorge Moncayo, Cleonísio Leite Rodrigues, Daniel San-Juan, Marcos Serrano-Dueñas, Oswaldo Takayanagui, Josemir W Sander
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) remains problematic because of the heterogeneity of its clinical, immunological, and imaging characteristics. Our aim was to develop and assess a new set of diagnostic criteria for NCC, which might allow for the accurate detection of, and differentiation between, parenchymal and extraparenchymal disease. METHODS: A group of Latin American NCC experts developed by consensus a new set of diagnostic criteria for NCC...
September 2016: Annals of Neurology
Christina H Sherrill, Angela Pentecost, Emily E Wood
BACKGROUND: Diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension are complex chronic disease states that often require close monitoring and frequent follow-up to achieve and maintain therapeutic control as determined by hemoglobin A1c (A1c), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and blood pressure (BP). At the Charles George Veterans Affairs Medical Center (CGVAMC), physicians may refer their patients to the on-site pharmacist-managed Risk Reduction Clinic (RRC). Patients are discharged from the RRC once patient-specific therapeutic goals have been met for diabetes, dyslipidemia, and/or hypertension...
January 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
JoAnn D Long, Paula Gannaway, Cindy Ford, Rita Doumit, Nadine Zeeni, Ola Sukkarieh-Haraty, Aline Milane, Beverly Byers, LaNell Harrison, Daniel Hatch, Justin Brown, Sharlan Proper, Patricia White, Huaxin Song
BACKGROUND: As the world becomes increasingly digital, advances in technology have changed how students access evidence-based information. Research suggests that students overestimate their ability to locate quality online research and lack the skills needed to evaluate the scientific literature. Clinical nurses report relying on personal experience to answer clinical questions rather than searching evidence-based sources. To address the problem, a web-based, evidence-based research (EBR) tool that is usable from a computer, smartphone, or iPad was developed and tested...
February 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Jie Ting, PharmD Tien Ho, Pin Xiang, Amanda Sugay, Maher Abdel-Sattar, Leslie Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the cost-effectiveness of tyrosine kinase inhibitors erlotinib or afatinib, or chemotherapy cisplatin-pemetrexed, for first-line treatment of advanced epithelial growth factor receptor mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer in the United States. We also assessed the expected benefit of further research to reduce uncertainty regarding which treatment is optimal. METHODS: We developed a Markov model to compare the cost-effectiveness of erlotinib, afatinib, and cisplatin-pemetrexed...
September 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Claire Thom
Claire Thom speaks to Gemma Westcott, Commissioning Editor: Claire Thom joined Astellas in 2013 as the Therapeutic Area Head for Oncology in Global Development. In that role, she also serves as the STAR leader for Oncology for Astellas. Prior to Astellas, she spent 12 years with Takeda. Her last position was Senior Vice President, Portfolio Management, Drug Development Management and Medical Informatics and Strategic Operations within the Medical Division (the Division within Millennium responsible for oncology clinical drug development within Takeda)...
September 2015: Future Oncology
Prasanna R Deshpande, Raghuram Vantipalli, C H Chaitanya Lakshmi, E Jagadeswara Rao, Bishnu Regmi, Abdul Ahad, P Sharmila Nirojini
Pharmacy practice is still in the initial stages of development in India, but launching of Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) study program has brought serious discussions about clinical pharmacy in the country. As the profession is in budding stage in the country, the patients, physicians, nurses, other healthcare providers, recruiters in pharmaceutical industries, prospective students, and their parents have numerous questions about this profession and study course. The objective of this article is to create awareness about clinical pharmacy services (CPS) and to introduce the role of clinical pharmacists (CPs)...
July 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Muhammad Umair Khan, Akram Ahmad, Kazim Hussain, Aqsa Salam, Zain-Ul Hasnain, Isha Patel
PURPOSE: In Pakistan, courses in pharmacy practice, which are an essential component of the PharmD curriculum, were launched with the aim of strengthening pharmacy practice overall and enabling pharmacy students to cope with the challenges involved in meeting real-world healthcare needs. Since very little research has assessed the efficacy of such courses, we aimed to evaluate students' perceptions of pharmacy practice courses and their opinions about whether their current knowledge of the topics covered in pharmacy practice courses is adequate for future practice...
2015: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Teeraporn Chanakit, Bee Yean Low, Payom Wongpoowarak, Summana Moolasarn, Claire Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To explore the current status of pharmacy education in Thailand. METHODS: The International Pharmaceutical Federation of the World Health Organization's (FIP-WHO) Global Survey of Pharmacy Schools was used for this study. The survey instrument was distributed to the deans of the 19 faculties (colleges) of pharmacy in Thailand. RESULTS: More than half the colleges have been in existence less than 20 years, and the government owns 80% of them...
November 15, 2014: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Carolyn Ma, Sheri Tokumaru, Roy Goo, Anita Ciarleglio
Residency training is designed to provide recent pharmacy school graduates who have the profession's terminal Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree with accelerated growth beyond entry-level professional competence. Placement into residency programs is highly competitive through an application and match process. These programs provide additional training in patient-centered care with advancement of skills in clinical judgment, pharmacy operations, clinical research, project management, and leadership. Approximately 20% of a pharmacy graduating class will apply for a residency...
May 2015: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Ashok Philip, Mark Stephens, Sheila L Mitchell, E Blake Watkins
OBJECTIVE: To provide students with an opportunity to participate in medicinal chemistry research within the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum. DESIGN: We designed and implemented a 3-course sequence in drug design or drug synthesis for pharmacy students consisting of a 1-month advanced elective followed by two 1-month research advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs). To maximize student involvement, this 3-course sequence was offered to third-year and fourth-year students twice per calendar year...
April 25, 2015: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Akram Ahmad, Muhammad U Khan, Jagadeesan Moorthy, Shazia Q Jamshed, Isha Patel
BACKGROUND: There is limited research on pharmacy specialization based differences with regards to usage of antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: To compare the knowledge, attitude and practice of Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm) and Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) students about usage and resistance of antibiotics in Southern India. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study involving final year BPharm and PharmD students studying in two private institutions located in Andra Pradesh, India...
January 2015: Pharmacy Practice
Mitra Assemi, Francisco Ibarra, Ronna Mallios, Robin L Corelli
OBJECTIVE: To determine dissemination outcomes and faculty perceptions of senior research projects conducted from 2008 to 2011 by PharmD students in a curricular pathway focused on direct patient care. METHODS: Preceptors' reported dissemination outcomes of research projects were surveyed and their perceptions of the precepting experience were rated using a web-based survey. Results were compared to those from an earlier pharmaceutical care cohort (2002-2007) and a combined cohort of 2, more research-intensive curricular pathways at the school...
March 25, 2015: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Mustapha Beleh, Melanie Engels, George Garcia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of an integrated medicinal chemistry/pharmacology course sequence and its alignment with a therapeutics series. DESIGN: Each topic was divided into modules consisting of 2-hour blocks, and the content was integrated and aligned with the therapeutics series. Recitation sessions emphasizing application skills in an interactive environment followed each of three 2-hour blocks. To ensure that students achieved competency in each unit, students failing any unit examination were encouraged to undergo remediation...
February 17, 2015: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Matthew A Wanat, Marc L Fleming, Julianna M Fernandez, Kevin W Garey
Objective. To describe the education, training, and academic experiences of newly hired faculty members at US colleges and schools of pharmacy during the 2012-2013 academic year. Methods. A survey regarding education, training, and academic experiences was conducted of all first-time faculty members at US colleges and schools of pharmacy hired during the 2012-2013 academic year. Results. Pharmacy practice faculty members accounted for the majority (68.2%) of new hires. Ambulatory care was the most common pharmacy specialty position (29...
June 17, 2014: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Emily J Volger, Amber N McLendon, Stephen H Fuller, Charles T Herring
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence, associated factors, and opinions regarding nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NMUPS) in Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) students. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to professional year 1 through 4 for students at 2 schools of pharmacy (public and private) in North Carolina. The survey was available for 3 weeks. Descriptive statistics (proportion of responders plus 95% confidence intervals [CIs]) were used to describe the primary objective...
April 2014: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Georgeta D Vaidean, Sandeep S Vansal, Ronnie J Moore, Stuart Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To design and implement a required student-driven research program as a capstone experience in the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum. DESIGN: A research proposal in the form of a competitive grant application was required for each of 65 fourth-year students in an inaugural PharmD class at Touro College of Pharmacy in New York. The focus of the proposals was on hypothesis-driven research in basic science, clinical research, health outcomes, and public health...
October 14, 2013: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Linda F McElhiney, Angela Cheng, Laura Meshberger, Lara Imai
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low carbohydrate, and low-protein diet designed to increase the body's dependence on fatty acids for energy rather than glucose. This diet is used as a treatment option for young children with refractory seizure disorders or inborn metabolic defects. Children on this diet must be closely monitored by a team of healthcare professionals consisting of neurologists. Accurate Calculations for daily allowances of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are essential for success of the treatment...
January 2010: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
Beth A Martin, Connie K Kraus, Su-Young Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether longitudinal design and delivery of evidence-based decision making (EBDM) content was effective in increasing students' knowledge, skills, and confidence as they progressed through a doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum. DESIGN: Three student cohorts were followed from 2005 to 2009 (n=367), as they learned about EBDM through lectures, actively researching case-based questions, and researching and writing answers to therapy-based questions generated in practice settings...
December 12, 2012: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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