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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914432/maternal-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-primary-health-care-associations-with-mother-toddler-interactions-at-one-year-follow-up
#1
Magnhild Singstad Høivik, Stian Lydersen, Ingunn Ranøyen, Turid Suzanne Berg-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Research is scarce on how mothers' symptoms of personality disorders are linked to the mother-toddler relationship. In this study we have explored the extent to which these symptoms are associated with mutual mother-toddler interactions assessed 1 year after the initial assessment. METHODS: Mothers and their 0-24-month-old children (n = 112) were recruited by nurses at well-baby clinics due to either self-reported or observed mother-toddler interaction problems...
June 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914051/impact-of-nurse-practitioner-practice-regulations-on-rural-population-health-outcomes
#2
Judith Ortiz, Richard Hofler, Angeline Bushy, Yi-Ling Lin, Ahmad Khanijahani, Andrea Bitney
Background: For decades, U.S. rural areas have experienced shortages of primary care providers. Nurse practitioners (NPs) are helping to reduce that shortage. However, NP scope of practice regulations vary from state-to-state ranging from autonomous practice to direct physician oversight. The purpose of this study was to determine if clinical outcomes of older rural adult patients vary by the level of practice autonomy that states grant to NPs. Methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed data from a sample of Rural Health Clinics (RHCs) (n = 503) located in eight Southeastern states...
June 15, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913982/predicting-of-pain-disability-and-sick-leave-regarding-a-non-clinical-sample-among-swedish-nurses
#3
Annika Nilsson, Per Lindberg, Eva Denison
Objective Health care providers, especially registered nurses (RNs), are a professional group with a high risk of musculoskeletal pain (MSP). This longitudinal study contributes to the literature by describing the prevalence and change in MSP, work-related factors, personal factors, self-reported pain, disability and sick leave (>7 days) among RNs working in a Swedish hospital over a 3-year period. Further, results concerning prediction of pain, disability and sick leave from baseline to a 3-year follow-up are reported...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912069/the-impact-of-critical-care-nursing-certification-on-pediatric-patient-outcomes
#4
Patricia A Hickey, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Courtney Porter, Jean A Connor
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship of nursing and unit characteristics including Critical Care Registered Nurse certification on patient complications for children undergoing congenital heart surgery in free-standing children's hospitals in the United States. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive survey of nursing and organizational characteristics was sent electronically. SETTING: Free-standing children's hospitals in the United States...
June 14, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911497/work-hours-overtime-and-break-time-of-registered-nurses-working-in-medium-sized-korean-hospitals
#5
Sung-Heui Bae, Sung-Woo Hwang, Gunjeong Lee
This cross-sectional study used quantitative survey data collected from registered nurses (RNs) who worked as staff nurses in medium-sized (300 beds or less) Korean hospitals. Data from 290 RNs were analyzed to examine the nature and prevalence of staff nurses' work hours, overtime, breaks, and related work conditions. The results showed that staff nurses working in medium-sized Korean hospitals worked 9.6 hours a day on average and had 1.5 breaks daily, including mealtime. The average number of days the nurses skipped a meal due to work during the last month was 6...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911331/an-observational-study-of-antipsychotic-medication-use-among-long-stay-nursing-home-residents-without-qualifying-diagnoses
#6
Lorraine J Phillips, Nancy M Birtley, Gregory F Petroski, Carol Siem, Marilyn Rantz
INTRODUCTION: Antipsychotic use in nursing homes varies widely across the United States; inadequate staffing, skill mix, and geropsychiatric training impede sustained improvement. AIM: This study identified risk factors of antipsychotic use in long-stay residents lacking qualifying or potentially qualifying diagnoses. METHOD: This secondary analysis used 2015 Minimum Data Set and cost report data from 458 Missouri nursing homes. The full sample (N=29,679) was split into two subsamples: residents with (N=15,114) and without (N=14,565) a dementia diagnosis...
June 17, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910497/study-of-the-impact-of-training-of-registered-nurses-in-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-on-patient-mortality
#7
Mayureshkumar Pareek, Vandana Parmar, Jigisha Badheka, Nirmalyo Lodh
Background and Aims: Nurses should have cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) knowledge and skills to be able to implement effective interventions during in-hospital cardiac arrest. The aim of this descriptive study was to assess mortality impact after nurses' CPR training with pre-CPR training data at our institute. Methods: Training regarding CPR was given to nurses, and CPR mortality 1-year before basic life support (BLS) and advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) training were collected and compared with post-training 1-year CPR mortality...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909354/screening-emergency-department-patients-for-opioid-drug-use-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Preet Kaur Sahota, Siri Shastry, Dana B Mukamel, Linda Murphy, Narisu Yang, Shahram Lotfipour, Bharath Chakravarthy
INTRODUCTION: The opioid drug epidemic is a major public health concern and an economic burden in the United States. The purpose of this systematic review is to assess the reliability and validity of screening instruments used in emergency medicine settings to detect opioid use in patients and to assess psychometric data for each screening instrument. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and ClinicalTrials...
May 24, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905084/test-results-management-and-distributed-cognition-in-electronic-health-record-enabled-primary-care
#9
Michael W Smith, Ashley M Hughes, Charnetta Brown, Elise Russo And, Traber D Giardina, Praveen Mehta, Hardeep Singh
Managing abnormal test results in primary care involves coordination across various settings. This study identifies how primary care teams manage test results in a large, computerized healthcare system in order to inform health information technology requirements for test results management and other distributed healthcare services. At five US Veterans Health Administration facilities, we interviewed 37 primary care team members, including 16 primary care providers, 12 registered nurses, and 9 licensed practical nurses...
June 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904970/the-provision-of-physical-health-care-by-nurses-to-young-people-with-first-episode-psychosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Gin-Liang Chee, Dianne Wynaden, Karen Heslop
INTRODUCTION: Registered nurses working in the area of mental health complete either a psychiatric/mental health or comprehensive/generalist nursing program, and their education preparation influences their physical health care nursing practices. The differences in educational preparation may be a contributory factor to nurses' delivery of physical health care to young people experiencing first episode psychosis. This paper addresses an identified gap in nursing practices related to physical health care of young mental health service users...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903835/father-inclusive-perinatal-parent-education-programs-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Joyce Y Lee, Heather A Knauer, Shawna J Lee, Mark P MacEachern, Craig F Garfield
CONTEXT: Fathers contribute to their children's health starting at the beginning of life. Few parent education programs include fathers. Among those that do, there is little effort to report program effects on father outcomes. OBJECTIVE: In this systematic review, we examined father-inclusive perinatal parent education programs in the United States as they relate to a range of father outcomes. DATA SOURCES: The databases searched were PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Embase, Ovid Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO...
June 14, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902738/simulation-for-emergency-nurses-siren-a-quasi-experimental-study
#12
Mary Boyde, Emily Cooper, Hannah Putland, Rikki Stanton, Christie Harding, Ben Learmont, Clare Thomas, Jade Porter, Andrea Thompson, Louise Nicholls
BACKGROUND: Within nursing education, simulation has been recognised as an effective learning strategy. Embedding simulation within clinical units has the potential to enhance patient safety and improve clinical outcomes. However it is important to evaluate the effectiveness of this educational technique to support the actual value and effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to implement and evaluate an innovative simulation experience for registered nurses. METHODS: A high-fidelity simulation focusing on nursing assessment was conducted with 50 Registered Nurses in an Emergency Department (ED) at a large tertiary referral hospital...
June 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902100/nurse-practitioners-in-aged-care-settings-a-study-of-general-practitioners-and-registered-nurses-views
#13
Vicki Forbes, Clare Harvey, Alannah Meyer
BACKGROUND: This paper draws on a 2015 study in New Zealand that examined perceptions of registered nurses (RNs) and general practitioners (GPs) regarding the role of Nurse Practitioners (NPs) in long-term aged care facilities (LTACF). AIM: To explore the attitudes of RNs and GPs regarding the role of NPs in LTACFs. DESIGN: A descriptive, mixed methods design with a survey and invitation to interview was used. RNs and GPs who provided hospital-level care were invited to participate...
June 14, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901820/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-online-psychological-interventions-for-mental-and-physical-health-outcomes-in-gastrointestinal-disorders-including-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#14
REVIEW
I Hanlon, C Hewitt, K Bell, A Phillips, A Mikocka-Walus
BACKGROUND: Online psychotherapy has been successfully used as supportive treatment in many chronic illnesses. However, there is a lack of evidence on its role in the management of gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. AIMS: To examine whether online psychological interventions improve mental and physical outcomes in gastrointestinal diseases. METHODS: We searched CINAHL Plus, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Health Management Information Consortium, PsycINFO, British Nursing Index, Cochrane Library, a specialised register of the IBD/FBD Cochrane Group, MEDLINE (PubMed) WHO International Clinical Trial Registry, ClinicalTrials...
June 14, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901698/association-of-dietary-insulinemic-potential-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-men-and-women
#15
Fred K Tabung, Weike Wang, Teresa T Fung, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, NaNa Keum, Kana Wu, Charles S Fuchs, Frank B Hu, Edward L Giovannucci
Background: Insulin response may be important in colorectal cancer development. Diet modulates insulin response and may be a modifiable factor in colorectal cancer prevention. Objective: We examined associations between hyperinsulinemic diets and colorectal cancer risk with the use of an empirical dietary index for hyperinsulinemia (EDIH), a food-based index that characterizes dietary insulinemic potential on the basis of circulating C-peptide concentrations. Design: Diet was assessed every 4 y with food-frequency questionnaires in 46,210 men (Health Professionals Follow-Up Study, 1986-2012) and 74,191 women (Nurses' Health Study, 1984-2012) to calculate EDIH scores...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899047/self-management-of-patients-with-mild-copd-in-primary-care-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Kate Jolly, Manbinder S Sidhu, Catherine A Hewitt, Peter A Coventry, Amanda Daley, Rachel Jordan, Carl Heneghan, Sally Singh, Natalie Ives, Peymane Adab, Susan Jowett, Jinu Varghese, David Nunan, Khaled Ahmed, Lee Dowson, David Fitzmaurice
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of telephone health coaching delivered by a nurse to support self management in a primary care population with mild symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Multicentre randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 71 general practices in four areas of England. PARTICIPANTS: 577 patients with Medical Research Council dyspnoea scale scores of 1 or 2, recruited from primary care COPD registers with spirometry confirmed diagnosis...
June 13, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898705/piloting-a-mental-health-training-programme-for-community-health-workers-in-south-africa-an-exploration-of-changes-in-knowledge-confidence-and-attitudes
#17
Goodman Sibeko, Peter D Milligan, Marinda Roelofse, Lezel Molefe, Deborah Jonker, Jonathan Ipser, Crick Lund, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: There is a shortage of trained mental health workers in spite of the significant contribution of psychiatric disorders to the global disease burden. Task shifting, through the delegation of health care tasks to less specialised health workers such as community health workers (CHWs), is a promising approach to address the human resource shortage. CHWs in the Western Cape province of South Africa provide comprehensive chronic support which includes that for mental illness, but have thus far not received standardized mental health training...
June 14, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898677/determinants-of-adherence-and-effects-on-health-related-quality-of-life-after-myocardial-infarction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Gundula Krack, Rolf Holle, Inge Kirchberger, Bernhard Kuch, Ute Amann, Hildegard Seidl
BACKGROUND: Adherence to recommendations and medication is deemed to be important for effectiveness of case management interventions. Thus, reasons for non-adherence and effects on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) should be fully understood. The objective of this research was to identify determinants of non-adherence to medication and recommendations, and to test whether increased adherence improved HRQoL in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) in a case management intervention...
June 7, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898674/early-and-late-signs-that-precede-dying-among-older-persons-in-nursing-homes-the-multidisciplinary-team-s-perspective
#19
Helene Åvik Persson, Anna Sandgren, Carl-Johan Fürst, Gerd Ahlström, Lina Behm
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents in Sweden are old, frail and usually have multiple morbidities which often make dying a prolonged suffering. It has been found that older persons at nursing homes receive far less palliative care than younger persons, partly because it is difficult to identify when the final stage of life begins. The identification may help the staff to enable the older person and their families to participate in planning the care in accordance with their own preferences and values...
June 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898672/prediction-of-functional-decline-in-community-dwelling-older-persons-in-general-practice-a-cohort-study
#20
Sophie C E van Blijswijk, Jeanet W Blom, Anton J M de Craen, Wendy P J den Elzen, Jacobijn Gussekloo
BACKGROUND: A first step to offer community-dwelling older persons proactive care is to identify those at risk of functional decline within a year. This study investigates the predictive value of registered information, questionnaire and GP-opinion on functional decline. METHODS: In this cohort study, embedded within the ISCOPE-trial, participants (≥75 years) completed the ISCOPE-screening questionnaire on four health domains. GPs gave their opinion on vulnerability of participants...
June 11, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
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