keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Resident on call

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713330/access-to-thrombolysis-for-non-resident-and-resident-stroke-patients-a-registry-based-comparative-study-from-berlin
#1
Ludwig Schlemm, Guillaume Turc, Heinrich J Audebert, Martin Ebinger
OBJECTIVES: Stroke can happen to people away from home. It is unknown whether non-resident and resident stroke patients have equal access to thrombolysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients cared for by the Stroke Emergency Mobile between 2011 and 2016 after prompting suspicion of acute stroke during the emergency call were included in our registry. Patients were categorized as residents or non-residents based on their main address. Clinical characteristics, thrombolysis rates, and time intervals from symptom onset/last seen well to alarm and to thrombolysis were compared between groups adjusting for age, pre-stroke modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score, and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712313/compulsory-military-service-as-a-measure-of-later-physical-and-cognitive-performance-in-male-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#2
Ritva Ahomäki, Arja Harila-Saari, Kai Parkkola, Jaakko Matomäki, Päivi M Lähteenmäki
BACKGROUND: Compromised physical fitness and cognitive difficulties have been reported as late effects of cancer treatment during childhood. To assess this issue, the military rankings of cancer survivors in medical checkups at call-up, and conscripts' physical and cognitive performance during the first weeks of compulsory military education were compared to those of matched population controls without a history of cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1680 male patients born between 1960 and 1992 with a malignancy diagnosed before the age of 16 who were alive at the call-up age (18 years) were identified using the Finnish Cancer Registry, and five age, sex and place of residence matched controls for each patient using the Population Register Centre...
July 15, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710205/effect-of-interdisciplinary-care-on-weight-loss-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Linda C Tapsell, Maureen Lonergan, Marijka J Batterham, Elizabeth P Neale, Allison Martin, Rebecca Thorne, Frank Deane, Gregory Peoples
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a novel interdisciplinary treatment compared with usual care on weight loss in overweight and obese adult volunteers. DESIGN: Single blinded controlled trial. Participants randomly assigned to usual care (C, general guideline-based diet and exercise advice), intervention (I, interdisciplinary protocol) or intervention + a healthy food supplement (30 g walnuts/day) (IW). SETTING: Community based study, Illawarra region, south of Sydney, Australia...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708081/modeling-the-effects-of-urban-design-on-emergency-medical-response-calls-during-extreme-heat-events-in-toronto-canada
#4
Drew A Graham, Jennifer K Vanos, Natasha A Kenny, Robert D Brown
Urban residents are at risk of health-related illness during extreme heat events but the dangers are not equal in all parts of a city. Previous studies have found a relationship between physical characteristics of neighborhoods and the number of emergency medical response (EMR) calls. We used a human energy budget model to test the effects of landscape modifications that are designed to cool the environment on the expected number of EMR calls in two neighborhoods in Toronto, Canada during extreme heat events...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705161/entrustment-of-the-on-call-senior-medical-resident-role-implications-for-patient-safety-and-collective-care
#5
Noureen Huda, Lisa Faden, Mark Goldszmidt
BACKGROUND: The on-call responsibilities of a senior medicine resident (SMR) may include the admission transition of patient care on medical teaching teams (MTT), supervision of junior trainees, and ensuring patient safety. In many institutions, there is no standardised assessment of SMR competency prior to granting these on-call responsibilities in internal medicine. In order to fulfill competency based medical education requirements, training programs need to develop assessment approaches to make and defend such entrustment decisions...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700944/viral-activation-of-heparanase-drives-pathogenesis-of-herpes-simplex-virus-1
#6
Alex M Agelidis, Satvik R Hadigal, Dinesh Jaishankar, Deepak Shukla
Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) causes lifelong recurrent pathologies without a cure. How infection by HSV-1 triggers disease processes, especially in the immune-privileged avascular human cornea, remains a major unresolved puzzle. It has been speculated that a cornea-resident molecule must tip the balance in favor of pro-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic conditions observed with herpetic, as well as non-herpetic, ailments of the cornea. Here, we demonstrate that heparanase (HPSE), a host enzyme, is the molecular trigger for multiple pathologies associated with HSV-1 infection...
July 11, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699945/contextual-influences-of-trainee-characteristics-and-daily-workload-on-trainee-learning-preferences
#7
Brita Roy, Nidhi Huff, Carlos Estrada, Analia Castiglioni, Lisa Willett, Robert Centor
We previously defined teaching domains necessary for successful inpatient medicine attending rounds from the trainees' perspective in Role Modeling, Learning Environment, Teaching Process and Team Management. We sought to understand whether trainee characteristics and daily fluctuations in workload influence the prioritization of these domains. We conducted a prospective observational study in general medicine inpatient wards at a university, Veterans Affairs, and a county hospital affiliated with one academic institution over the course of 6 months...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698373/genetic-identification-of-a-hindbrain-nucleus-essential-for-innate-vocalization
#8
Luis Rodrigo Hernandez-Miranda, Pierre-Louis Ruffault, Julien C Bouvier, Andrew J Murray, Marie-Pierre Morin-Surun, Niccolò Zampieri, Justyna B Cholewa-Waclaw, Elodie Ey, Jean-Francois Brunet, Jean Champagnat, Gilles Fortin, Carmen Birchmeier
Vocalization in young mice is an innate response to isolation or mechanical stimulation. Neuronal circuits that control vocalization and breathing overlap and rely on motor neurons that innervate laryngeal and expiratory muscles, but the brain center that coordinates these motor neurons has not been identified. Here, we show that the hindbrain nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) is essential for vocalization in mice. By generating genetically modified newborn mice that specifically lack excitatory NTS neurons, we show that they are both mute and unable to produce the expiratory drive required for vocalization...
July 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694257/bmp-signaling-regulates-satellite-cell-dependent-postnatal-muscle-growth
#9
Amalia Stantzou, Elija Schirwis, Sandra Swist, Sonia Alonso-Martin, Ioanna Polydorou, Faouzi Zarrouki, Etienne Mouisel, Cyriaque Beley, Anaïs Julien, Fabien Le Grand, Luis Garcia, Céline Colnot, Carmen Birchmeier, Thomas Braun, Markus Schuelke, Frédéric Relaix, Helge Amthor
Postnatal growth of skeletal muscle largely depends on the expansion and differentiation of resident stem cells, the so-called satellite cells. Here we demonstrate that postnatal satellite cells express components of the Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) signaling machinery. Overexpression of Noggin in postnatal mice, to antagonize BMP ligands, or satellite cell specific knock-out of BMP transmembrane receptor Alk3, or overexpression of inhibitory SMAD6 decreased satellite cell proliferation and accretion during myofiber growth and ultimately retarded muscle growth...
July 10, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694204/the-mind-body-wellness-in-supportive-housing-mi-wish-study-design-and-rationale-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-tai-chi-in-senior-housing
#10
Peter M Wayne, Margaret M Gagnon, Eric A Macklin, Thomas G Travison, Bradley Manor, Margie Lachman, Cindy P Thomas, Lewis A Lipsitz
Supporting the health of growing numbers of frail older adults living in subsidized housing requires interventions that can combat frailty, improve residents' functional abilities, and reduce their health care costs. Tai Chi is an increasingly popular multimodal mind-body exercise that incorporates physical, cognitive, social, and meditative components in the same activity and offers a promising intervention for ameliorating many of the conditions that lead to poor health and excessive health care utilization...
July 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693982/assessing-and-promoting-the-wellness-of-united-states-ophthalmology-residents-a-survey-of-program-directors
#11
Elaine M Tran, Ingrid U Scott, Melissa A Clark, Paul B Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: To report on the status of residency-based wellness initiatives in ophthalmic graduate medical education and identify strategies for promoting ophthalmology resident wellness by surveying US ophthalmology program directors (PDs). DESIGN: The PDs were each sent an e-mail containing a link to an anonymous online 15-question survey. The PDs also received a letter with the survey link and a $1 incentive. After 2 weeks, nonresponders received 2 weekly reminder e-mails and phone calls...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686219/do-inequalities-in-neighborhood-walkability-drive-disparities-in-older-adults-outdoor-walking
#12
Razieh Zandieh, Johannes Flacke, Javier Martinez, Phil Jones, Martin van Maarseveen
Older residents of high-deprivation areas walk less than those of low-deprivation areas. Previous research has shown that neighborhood built environment may support and encourage outdoor walking. The extent to which the built environment supports and encourages walking is called "walkability". This study examines inequalities in neighborhood walkability in high- versus low-deprivation areas and their possible influences on disparities in older adults' outdoor walking levels. For this purpose, it focuses on specific neighborhood built environment attributes (residential density, land-use mix and intensity, street connectivity, and retail density) relevant to neighborhood walkability...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685386/vertebrate-presynaptic-active-zone-assembly-a-role-accomplished-by-diverse-molecular-and-cellular-mechanisms
#13
REVIEW
Viviana I Torres, Nibaldo C Inestrosa
Among all the biological systems in vertebrates, the central nervous system (CNS) is the most complex, and its function depends on specialized contacts among neurons called synapses. The assembly and organization of synapses must be exquisitely regulated for a normal brain function and network activity. There has been a tremendous effort in recent decades to understand the molecular and cellular mechanisms participating in the formation of new synapses and their organization, maintenance, and regulation. At the vertebrate presynapses, proteins such as Piccolo, Bassoon, RIM, RIM-BPs, CAST/ELKS, liprin-α, and Munc13 are constant residents and participate in multiple and dynamic interactions with other regulatory proteins, which define network activity and normal brain function...
July 6, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684864/induction-of-thermogenic-adipocytes-molecular-targets-and-thermogenic-small-molecules
#14
REVIEW
No-Joon Song, Seo-Hyuk Chang, Dean Y Li, Claudio J Villanueva, Kye Won Park
Adipose tissue is a central metabolic organ that controls energy homeostasis of the whole body. White adipose tissue (WAT) stores excess energy in the form of triglycerides, whereas brown adipose tissue (BAT) dissipates energy in the form of heat through mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (Ucp1). A newly identified adipose tissue called 'beige fat' (BAT-like) is produced through a process called WAT browning. This tissue mainly resides in WAT depots and displays intermediate characteristics of both WAT and BAT...
July 7, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678905/epidemiological-surveillance-of-tegumentary-leishmaniasis-local-territorial-analysis
#15
Valdenir Bandeira Soares, Andréa Sobral de Almeida, Paulo Chagastelles Sabroza, Waldemir Paixão Vargas
OBJECTIVE: To propose a new operational unit in the locality scale capable of subsidizing the construction of an information system to control the transmission of tegumentary leishmaniasis at this scale, in a region of high endemicity of the Atlantic Forest. METHODS: We examined the adequacy of data and instruments in an area of high endemicity in the Atlantic Forest located in the South of the State of Rio de Janeiro from 1990 to 2012. The study proposed an operational unit called Local Surveillance Unit to make all used databases compatible by adjusting census sectors...
June 26, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666900/radiation-oncology-residency-selection-a-postgraduate-evaluation-of-factor-importance-and-survey-of-variables-associated-with-job-securement
#16
Jeffrey V Brower, Stanley L Liauw, Abhinav V Reddy, Daniel W Golden
BACKGROUND: Medical students often choose to pursue a career in radiation oncology with limited meaningful exposure to the field. We previously identified factors that were most influential to an applicant's rank list order. Here, we sought to assess if residency graduates had differing views regarding those factors. We also polled recent graduates' attitudes of the current job market. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An anonymous, internet-based survey was developed and distributed to graduates of radiation oncology residencies from 2003 through 2006 and 2012 through 2015 to assess the importance of factors with regard to residency selection, training, and job securement and attitudes toward the job market within the United States...
April 26, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658020/socially-accountable-medical-education-an-innovative-approach-at-florida-international-university-herbert-wertheim-college-of-medicine
#17
Pedro J Greer, David R Brown, Luther G Brewster, Onelia G Lage, Karin F Esposito, Ebony B Whisenant, Frederick W Anderson, Natalie K Castellanos, Troy A Stefano, John A Rock
PROBLEM: Despite medical advances, health disparities persist, resulting in medicine's renewed emphasis on the social determinants of health and calls for reform in medical education. APPROACH: The Green Family Foundation Neighborhood Health Education Learning Program (NeighborhoodHELP) at Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine provides a platform for the school's community-focused mission. NeighborhoodHELP emphasizes social accountability and interprofessional education while providing evidence-based, patient- and household-centered care...
June 27, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655370/antibiotic-stewardship-in-long-term-care-a-call-to-action
#18
Caren McHenry Martin
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are focused heavily on curbing the misuse of antibiotics in health care facilities. Regulations governing the management of antibiotics in the nursing facility will likely be changing in the near future, which will put the pharmacist at the forefront of a clinical team that is dedicated to proper antibiotic utilization. Savvy pharmacists are embracing this opportunity to engage long-term care facility staff to improve the care of their residents...
May 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650872/barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-a-change-initiative-in-long-term-care-using-the-interact%C3%A2-quality-improvement-program
#19
Ruth M Tappen, David G Wolf, Zahra Rahemi, Gabriella Engstrom, Carolina Rojido, Jill M Shutes, Joseph G Ouslander
Implementation of major organizational change initiatives presents a challenge for long-term care leadership. Implementation of the INTERACT® (Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers) quality improvement program, designed to improve the management of acute changes in condition and reduce unnecessary emergency department visits and hospitalizations of nursing home residents, serves as an example to illustrate the facilitators and barriers to major change in long-term care. As part of a larger study of the impact of INTERACT® on rates of emergency department visits and hospitalizations, staff of 71 nursing homes were called monthly to follow-up on their progress and discuss successful facilitating strategies and any challenges and barriers they encountered during the yearlong implementation period...
June 23, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645568/predictors-of-successful-telephone-follow-up-in-a-multicenter-study-of-infants-with-severe-bronchiolitis
#20
Vickie Wu, Nora Abo-Sido, Janice A Espinola, Courtney N Tierney, Kathleen T Tedesco, Ashley F Sullivan, Carlos A Camargo
PURPOSE: To identify the characteristics that predict successful telephone follow-up with parents of infants with severe bronchiolitis. METHODS: We analyzed data from a 17-center, prospective cohort study of infants (age <1 year) hospitalized with bronchiolitis during three consecutive fall/winter seasons. Participant contact information and clinical data were collected during the index hospitalization. Parents were called at 6-month intervals (based on the child's age) after discharge to assess respiratory problems...
June 5, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
keyword
keyword
35338
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"