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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026781/bulge-region-as-a-putative-hair-follicle-stem-cells-niche-a-brief-review
#1
REVIEW
Sanaz Joulai Veijouye, Abazar Yari, Fatemeh Heidari, Nayereh Sajedi, Fatemeh Ghoroghi Moghani, Maliheh Nobakht
BACKGROUND: Hair follicle stem cells exist in different sites. Most of the hair follicle stem cells are reside in niche called bulge. Bulge region is located between the opening of sebaceous gland and the attachment site of the arrector pili muscle. METHODS: Data were collected using databases and resources of PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus, MEDLINE and their references from the earliest available published to identify English observational studies on hair follicle bulge region...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023244/integrating-training-in-quality-improvement-and-health-equity-in-graduate-medical-education-two-curricula-for-the-price-of-one
#2
Jaya Aysola, Jennifer S Myers
A recent call to address health care disparities has come from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's (ACGME's) Clinical Learning Environment Review (CLER) program. The CLER program aspires that faculty and residents will identify the disparities among the patient populations they serve and engage in quality improvement (QI) activities designed to address them. In this Perspective, the authors provide a framework for integrating QI and health equity principles in graduate medical education in order to meet these ACGME expectations...
October 11, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019952/socioeconomic-differences-and-trends-in-the-place-of-death-among-elderly-people-in-china
#3
Jiaoli Cai, Hongzhong Zhao, Peter C Coyte
China is facing a dramatic aging of its population. Little is known about the factors that influence the place of death and the trends in the place of death for elderly people in China. The purposes of this study were: (1) to examine the impact of the socioeconomic status (SES) on place of death for elderly Chinese residents; and (2) to assess temporal trends in the place of death over the last 15 years. Data were derived from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) (1998-2012). Place-of-death as an outcome was dichotomized into either death at home or death outside the home...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992143/a-qualitative-study-of-sign-out-processes-between-primary-and-on-call-residents-relationships-in-information-exchange-responsibility-and-accountability
#4
Soo-Hoon Lee, Dale A Fisher, Heidi Mah, Wei-Ping Goh, Phillip H Phan
Objective: To review a quality improvement event on the process of sign-outs between the primary and on-call residents. Design: A retrospective qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. Setting: A tertiary academic medical center in Singapore with 283 inpatient Medicine beds served by 28 consultants, 29 registrars, 45 residents and 30 interns during the day but 5 residents and 3 interns at night. Participants: Residents, registrars and consultants...
October 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990685/national-trends-in-otolaryngology-intern-curricula-following-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-changes
#5
Kevin J Kovatch, Rebecca S Harvey, Mark E P Prince, Marc C Thorne
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In 2016, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements for curriculum and resident experiences were modified to require entering postgraduate year (PGY)-1 residents to spend 6 months of structured education on otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) rotations. We aimed to determine how ORL-HNS training programs have adapted curricula in response to 2016 ACGME curriculum requirement changes. STUDY DESIGN: Survey study...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985803/flashes-and-floaters-a-survey-of-canadian-ophthalmology-residents-practice-patterns
#6
Parnian Arjmand, Bernard Hurley
BACKGROUND: Residents are often the first point of contact in assessing patients who present with "flashes and floaters" in the emergency ophthalmology clinic. Most often, these symptoms are attributed to a posterior vitreous detachment (PVD), which may be associated with a retinal tear in up to 14% of cases. A proper peripheral retinal exam is, thus, imperative, and techniques other than scleral depression may not be sufficient. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of Canadian ophthalmology residents-in-training to understand the current resident practice patterns for examination of the peripheral retina...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985800/the-application-of-a-6s-lean-initiative-to-improve-workflow-for-emergency-eye-examination-rooms
#7
Samir Nazarali, Jaspreet Rayat, Hilary Salmonson, Theodora Moss, Pamela Mathura, Karim F Damji
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmology residents on call at the Royal Alexandra Hospital identified workplace disorganization and lack of standardization in emergency eye examination rooms as an impediment to efficient patient treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to use the "6S Lean" model to improve workflow in eye examination rooms at the Royal Alexandra Hospital. METHODS: With the assistance of quality improvement consultants, the "6S Lean" model was applied to the current operation of the emergency eye clinic examination rooms...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977531/the-paradoxical-impact-of-companionship-on-the-mental-health-of-older-african-american-men
#8
Jamie A Mitchell, Tamara Cadet, Shanna Burke, Ed-Dee Williams, Daniel Alvarez
Objectives: African Americans comprise 9% of the 46 million U.S. adults over age 65. Two thirds of older African American men (AAM) reside with companions. This study investigated the assumption that frequent contact with companions confers mainly health-related benefits for AAM. Methods: Utilizing secondary data from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center, the relationship between older AAM's mental health and related conditions (depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbances), companion living arrangements, and frequency of contact with the participants for 3,423 older AAM and their 1,161 companions, was examined...
July 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976883/is-the-burnout-syndrome-associated-with-elder-mistreatment-in-nursing-homes-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-among-nurses
#9
Marijana Neuberg, Danica Železnik, Tomislav Meštrović, Rosana Ribić, Goran Kozina
As this issue has not yet been addressed in Croatia, our aim was to explore the presence of the burnout syndrome in nurses and see how it is related to their perception of elder mistreatment in nursing homes and extended care units. The burnout syndrome was assessed in 171 nursing professionals with a standardised Maslach Burnout Inventory for Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) for three dimensions: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP), and personal accomplishment (PA). High EE was reported by 43...
September 26, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974532/improving-communication-through-resident-nurse-shadowing
#10
Heather A Walsh, Adriane A Jolly Inouye, Ellen F Goldman
BACKGROUND: Previously, reduced resident hours, multiple ways to communicate (text paging, calling), and fewer opportunities for face-to-face communication had led to increased frustration from residents and nurses in our institution about communicating and prioritizing patient care needs. It was thought that a shared understanding and improved teamwork and communication between residents and nurses might be achieved if the residents could watch the nurses' workflow and observe their care priorities...
October 3, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971499/restoration-of-resident-sleep-and-wellness-with-block-scheduling
#11
James Bordley, Algene G Agustin, Mohamed A Ahmed, Raeesa Khalid, Anthony M Paluso, Bethany S Kobza, Aaron W Spaugy, Jonathan Emens, Sima S Desai, Akram Khan
CONTEXT: Block scheduling during residency is an innovative model in which in-patient and ambulatory rotations are separated. We hypothesised that this format may have a positive impact on resident sleep and wellness in comparison with a traditional format. METHODS: We performed a single-centre, cross-sectional, observational study of residents rotating in the medical intensive care unit (MICU). Residents were observed for 4 weeks at a time: internal medicine (IM) residents were observed for 3 weeks in the MICU followed by 1 week in an ambulatory context, and non-IM residents were observed for 4 weeks in the MICU...
October 3, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968217/lung-cancer-analysis-of-biomarkers-and-methods-of-diagnostic-and-prognostic-value
#12
S Yadav, S Agrawal, S S Divya Ravali, A Pandey
This paper summarizes the overwhelming evidence that targeted therapy is better than chemotherapy for the treatment of lung cancer. The focus is on lung cancer because of the sheer magnitude of this disease especially in males. In India, lung cancer constitutes 6.9 per cent of all new cancer cases and 9.3 per cent of all cancer related deaths in both sexes (1). Currently the world we reside has a norm of developing cure to an abnormal state of living body (so called disease) based on evidences, recognized during the diagnosis of the disease...
July 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962560/disability-residential-environment-and-social-participation-factors-influencing-daily-mobility-of-persons-living-in-residential-care-facilities-in-two-regions-of-france
#13
Noémie Rapegno, Jean-François Ravaud
BACKGROUND: Despite the context of individualization of public policies and promotion of independent living, residential care facilities (RCFs) (called "établissements medico-sociaux" in France) still represent the main system used by disabled people. Through a study of their daily mobility, this article proposes a geographical approach to the examination of factors influencing the social participation of disabled persons with motor impairments who live in residential care facilities...
September 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961237/chronic-disease-concordance-within-indian-households-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Shivani A Patel, Preet K Dhillon, Dimple Kondal, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Kashvi Kahol, Sathya Prakash Manimunda, Anil J Purty, Ajit Deshpande, P C Negi, Sulaiman Ladhani, Gurudayal Singh Toteja, Vikram Patel, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
BACKGROUND: The household is a potentially important but understudied unit of analysis and intervention in chronic disease research. We sought to estimate the association between living with someone with a chronic condition and one's own chronic condition status. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of population-based household- and individual-level data collected in 4 socioculturally and geographically diverse settings across rural and urban India in 2013 and 2014...
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960207/bh3-mimetics-efficiently-induce-apoptosis-in-mouse-basophils-and-mast-cells
#15
Ramona Reinhart, Lionel Rohner, Simone Wicki, Michaela Fux, Thomas Kaufmann
Basophil granulocytes and mast cells are recognized for their roles in immunity and are central effectors of diverse immunological disorders. Despite their similarities, there is emerging evidence for non-redundant roles of the circulating yet scarce basophils and tissue-resident mast cells, respectively. Because of their importance in allergic pathogenesis, specific induction of apoptosis in basophils and mast cells may represent an interesting novel treatment strategy. The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-3 serves as a key factor for basophil and mouse mast cell survival...
September 29, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937512/obstetricians-and-gynecologists-of-the-future-a-survey-of-medical-students-applying-to-residency
#16
Meredith J Alston, Amy Meg Autry, Sarah A Wagner, Abigail Winkel, Amanda A Allshouse, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy
OBJECTIVE: To understand the characteristics and career goals of medical students selecting a career in obstetrics and gynecology. METHODS: In 2015-2016, medical students invited for interviews for obstetrics and gynecology residency at the University of Colorado, University of Washington, University of California San Francisco, Loyola University, and New York University received a voluntary 20-item electronic survey regarding factors influencing their choice of medical specialty...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931526/cellubrevin-vesicle-associated-membrane-protein-3-vamp-3-mediated-endocytosis-and-trafficking-regulate-platelet-functions
#17
Meenakshi Banerjee, Smita Joshi, Jinchao Zhang, Carole L Moncman, Shilpi Yadav, Beth A Bouchard, Brian Storrie, Sidney W Whiteheart
Endocytosis is key to fibrinogen (Fg) uptake, trafficking of integrins (αIIbβ3, αvβ3) and purinergic receptors (P2Y1, P2Y12), and thus for normal platelet function. However, the molecular machinery required and possible trafficking routes are still ill-defined. To further identify elements of the platelet endocytic machinery, we examined the role of a vesicle-residing, Soluble N-ethylmaleimide Factor Attachment Protein Receptor (v-SNARE) called Cellubrevin/Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein-3 (VAMP-3) in platelet function...
September 20, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930762/competency-based-medical-education-in-the-internal-medicine-clerkship-a-report-from-the-alliance-for-academic-internal-medicine-undergraduate-medical-education-task-force
#18
Sara B Fazio, Cynthia H Ledford, Paul B Aronowitz, Shobhina G Chheda, John H Choe, Stephanie A Call, Scott D Gitlin, Marty Muntz, L James Nixon, Anne G Pereira, John W Ragsdale, Emily A Stewart, Karen E Hauer
As medical educators continue to redefine learning and assessment across the continuum, implementation of competency-based medical education in the undergraduate setting has become a focus of many medical schools. While standards of competency have been defined for the graduating student, there is no uniform approach for defining competency expectations for students during their core clerkship year. The authors describe the process by which an Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine task force developed a paradigm for competency-based assessment of students during their inpatient internal medicine (IM) clerkship...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929862/the-accuracy-of-the-computed-tomography-diagnosis-of-acute-appendicitis-does-the-experience-of-the-radiologist-matter
#19
E Lietzén, P Salminen, I Rinta-Kiikka, H Paajanen, T Rautio, P Nordström, M Aarnio, T Rantanen, J Sand, J-P Mecklin, A Jartti, J Virtanen, P Ohtonen, N Ånäs, J M Grönroos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To assess the accuracy of computed tomography in diagnosing acute appendicitis with a special reference to radiologist experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected prospectively in our randomized controlled trial comparing surgery and antibiotic treatment for uncomplicated acute appendicitis (APPAC trial, NCT01022567). We evaluated 1065 patients who underwent computed tomography for suspected appendicitis. The on-call radiologist preoperatively analyzed these computed tomography images...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929726/-factors-associated-to-medical-visits-comparison-among-italians-and-immigrants-resident-in-italy
#20
Anteo Di Napoli, Monica Perez, Alessandra Rossi, Daniele Spizzichino, Laura Iannucci, Lidia Gargiulo, Daniela Panaccione, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the role of factors potentially associated with the use of medical visits by the immigrant population living in Italy, making a comparison with the Italian population. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative sample of the population residing in Italy considered in the Survey "Health and use of health services" conducted by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) in 2013. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on a sample of citizens aged 18-64 years (72,476 individuals) representing a population of 37,290,440 residents in Italy (33...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
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