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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684939/loose-lipped-mobile-device-intelligent-personal-assistants-a-discussion-of-information-gleaned-from-siri-on-locked-ios-devices
#1
Graeme Horsman
The forensic analysis of mobile handsets is becoming a more prominent factor in many criminal investigations. Despite such devices frequently storing relevant evidential content to support an investigation, accessing this information is becoming an increasingly difficult task due to enhanced effective security features. Where access to a device's resident data is not possible via traditional mobile forensic methods, in some cases it may still be possible to extract user information via queries made to an installed intelligent personal assistant...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682595/an-improved-method-for-measuring-chromatin-binding-dynamics-using-time-dependent-formaldehyde-crosslinking
#2
Elizabeth A Hoffman, Hussain Zaidi, Savera J Shetty, Stefan Bekiranov, David T Auble
Formaldehyde crosslinking is widely used in combination with chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) to measure the locations along DNA and relative levels of transcription factor (TF)-DNA interactions in vivo . However, the measurements that are typically made do not provide unambiguous information about the dynamic properties of these interactions. We have developed a method to estimate binding kinetic parameters from time-dependent formaldehyde crosslinking data, called crosslinking kinetics (CLK) analysis...
February 20, 2018: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679558/self-restrained-regulation-of-stem-cell-niche-activity-by-niche-components-in-the-drosophila-testis
#3
Ran Xu, Jing Li, Hang Zhao, Ruiyan Kong, Min Wei, Lin Shi, Guang Bai, Zhouhua Li
Most, if not all, stem cells reside in a defined microenvironment, called the niche. Short-ranged niche signal must be tightly controlled to be active only inside the niche to maintain the proper balance of stem cell self-renewal verse differentiation. However, how niche components restrict localized niche signal activation remains largely unknown. Here, we find that Thickveins (Tkv, a type I receptor of the Dpp signaling pathway) in cyst stem cells (CySCs) of the testis niche prevents Dpp signaling activation outside of the niche...
April 18, 2018: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673005/seroepidemiological-map-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-and-associated-risk-factors-in-preconception-period-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#4
Qiongjie Zhou, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Shikun Zhang, Xiaotian Li, Ganesh Acharya
AIM: The aims of this study were to investigate the regional differences in seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis in preconception period among Chinese women of reproductive age and to evaluate associated risk factors. METHODS: This national, population-based, cross-sectional serosurvey covered all 31 provinces and province-level municipalities in Mainland China. Married women intending to get pregnant within 6 months between 2010 and 2012 were recruited. Information on demographic characteristics (age, place of residence, occupation, dietary habits and exposure to cat) was obtained using interviews, and venous blood samples were collected to screen for Toxoplasma gondii infection...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665585/-outpatient-emergency-care-for-nursing-home-residents-a-status-quo-from-a-nursing-perspective
#5
Markus Bleckwenn, Linnea Bell, Rieke Schnakenberg, Klaus Weckbecker, Manuela Klaschik
AIM OF THE STUDY: At present about 2 million people need care in Germany, about one third of them live in old people's homes or nursing homes. Outpatient emergency care of nursing home residents is ensured by primary care physicians, the medical emergency service and the emergency services. Emergency care has rarely been examined from the perspective of nurses. Therefore, in our study, we investigated how the nurses perceive medical care in medical emergencies and what suggestions for improvements they have...
April 17, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658367/the-evolution-of-graduate-medical-education-over-the-past-decade-building-a-new-pediatric-residency-program-in-an-era-of-innovation
#6
Raquel G Hernandez, Akshata Hopkins, Robert A Dudas
AIM: In 2011, Johns Hopkins Medicine integrated with All Children's Hospital in St. Petersburg Florida to create an academic campus nearly 1000 miles from Baltimore. In 2014, the newly named Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital established a new pediatric residency program. At that time, the Association for Graduate Medical Education had not accredited a new pediatric program in the USA in over 10 years. METHODS: A unique set of circumstances provided an opportunity for program developers to build the residency under newly identified core tenets to create a number of innovative features targeted to address the many calls for change in graduate medical education...
April 14, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652048/-should-a-doctor-take-into-consideration-the-influence-of-climatic-factors-deliberations-on-the-occasion-of-the-publication-of-a-new-monograph-the-book-of-essays-of-arid-medicine-by-z-r-zununov-i-h-nurov-and-s-z-zununova
#7
E L Povazhnaya
The authors analyze the monograph of the Uzbek scientists professor Z.R. Zununov, I.H. Nurov, and S.Z. Zununova «Essays of arid medicine» (Tashkent: «KAMALAK-PRESS» publishing house, 2016;540). The book presents the results of the comprehensive bioclimatic assessment of the arid zones of Uzbekistan, their extreme climatic conditions (such as high intensity and solar radiation and the considerable duration of its period, dry air and summer heat, sandstorms (the so-called «Afghans»), and the great variety of the natural health-improving factors including mineral waters, microclimate of the speleotherapeutic cave, the desert dune sand, etc...
April 9, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649909/-music-memory-and-improved-swallowing-in-advanced-dementia
#8
Dan Cohen, Stephen G Post, Angela Lo, Robin Lombardo, Brandon Pfeffer
Background Dysphagia and difficulty with eating affects a significant portion of individuals with advanced dementia. Such problems with oral intake can have serious health consequences including mealtime distress, dehydration and malnutrition, aspiration, reduced quality of life, and increased mortality risk. Design We present the first data indicating that "Music & Memory" interventions improve swallowing in individuals with advanced dementia, thereby making oral feeding easier and potentially diminishing reliance on PEG...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644534/co-designing-urban-living-solutions-to-improve-older-people-s-mobility-and-well-being
#9
Steve Cinderby, Howard Cambridge, Katia Attuyer, Mark Bevan, Karen Croucher, Rose Gilroy, David Swallow
Mobility is a key aspect of active ageing enabling participation and autonomy into later life. Remaining active brings multiple physical but also social benefits leading to higher levels of well-being. With globally increasing levels of urbanisation alongside demographic shifts meaning in many parts of the world this urban population will be older people, the challenge is how cities should evolve to enable so-called active ageing. This paper reports on a co-design study with 117 participants investigating the interaction of existing urban spaces and infrastructure on mobility and well-being for older residents (aged 55 + years) in three cities...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643731/childhood-pyogenic-osteomyelitis-in-abakaliki-south-east-nigeria
#10
Njoku Isaac Omoke
Background: Pyogenic osteomyelitis is an important child health problem in developing countries. It is a one-disease state with a spectrum of pathological features and clinical forms ranging from acute to chronic presentation. Its pattern of presentation varies from and within subregions. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern and outcome of childhood pyogenic osteomyelitis in a low-resource environment. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of all the children aged 18 years and under seen with pyogenic osteomyelitis in Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki between January 2005 and December 2015...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630137/the-cardiovascular-macrophage-a-missing-link-between-gut-microbiota-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#11
X Chen, L Zheng, Y-Q Zheng, Q-G Yang, Y Lin, F-H Ni, Z-H Li
The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases is on the rise. Interventions that would aid prevention or treatment of these diseases are essential. The microbes residing in the gut, collectively called "gut microbiota", produce a plethora of compounds that enter the bloodstream and affect the cardiovascular system. Signals ascending from gut microbiome are believed to modulate differentiation and functional activity of macrophages residing in perivascular tissue, atherosclerotic plaques, and perivascular areas of the brain...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628901/defending-oneself-from-tourists-the-counter-environmental-bubble
#12
Michela Cortini, Daniela Converso
According to the Environmental Bubble Theory, tourists perform a series of strategies in order to remain anchored to their residential spots. The environmental bubble is constituted by a sort of social pellicule able to immunize tourists from the identity/cultural attacks which the visit to a foreign country implies. Such a pellicule is activated by the tourists themselves as they decide to travel in group or, for example, to eat only at the restaurants proposing their own national cuisine, and so on. Generally the potential cultural shock of residents is not taken into consideration in literature, even if it is plausibile to make the hypothesis of a counter-environmental bubble performed by the residents in order to defend their own culture and their identity from the attacks of mass tourism, especially for cities that live on tourism, as, for example, Florence or Siena do...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619354/canadian-plastic-surgery-resident-work-hour-restrictions-practices-and-perceptions-of-residents-and-program-directors
#13
Colin W McInnes, Joshua Vorstenbosch, Ryan Chard, Sarvesh Logsetty, Edward W Buchel, Avinash Islur
Background: The impact of resident work hour restrictions on training and patient care remains a highly controversial topic, and to date, there lacks a formal assessment as it pertains to Canadian plastic surgery residents. Objective: To characterize the work hour profile of Canadian plastic surgery residents and assess the perspectives of residents and program directors regarding work hour restrictions related to surgical competency, resident wellness, and patient safety...
February 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617531/consanguineous-marriage-and-the-psychopathology-of-progeny-a-population-wide-data-linkage-study
#14
Aideen Maguire, Foteini Tseliou, Dermot O'Reilly
Importance: Approximately 1 in 10 children worldwide are born to consanguineous parents. The literature on consanguinity and mental health of progeny is scarce despite the fact that many of the factors associated with consanguineous unions are also associated with mental health. Objective: To investigate if children of consanguineous parents are at increased risk of common mood disorders or psychoses. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigation was a retrospective population-wide cohort study of all individuals born in Northern Ireland between January 1, 1971, and December 31, 1986, derived from the Child Health System data set and linked to nationwide administrative data sources on prescription medication and death records...
April 4, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602964/human-cold-stress-of-strong-local-wind-hijikawa-arashi-in-japan-based-on-the-utci-index-and-thermo-physiological-responses
#15
Yukitaka Ohashi, Takumi Katsuta, Haruka Tani, Taiki Okabayashi, Satoshi Miyahara, Ryoji Miyashita
We investigated the cold stress caused by a strong local wind called "Hijikawa-arashi," through in situ vital measurements and the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). This wind is a very interesting winter phenomenon, localized in an area within 1 km of the seashore in Ozu City, Ehime Prefecture in Japan. When a strong Hijikawa-arashi (HA) occurred at 14-15 m s-1 , the UTCI decreased to - 30 °C along the bridge where commuting residents are the most exposed to strong and cold winds. On the bridge, most participants in our experiment felt "very cold" or "extremely cold...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594359/-vascular-surgical-training-concept-for-military-surgeons-in-germany
#16
REVIEW
M Engelhardt, K Elias, B Friemert, K Klemm, C Willy
BACKGROUND: Due to the increasing threat of terrorist attacks and assassinations even in Europe, the interest in management of severe vascular injuries, which, with an increased incidence of 10% are to be expected with such penetrating wounds, is also growing; however, with increasing subspecialization in surgery there is a threat that the know-how in vascular surgery will become lost among non-vascular surgical specialists. Therefore, the Germany military established an educational program, the so-called DUOplus concept, to ensure that future military surgeons acquire and retain the experience and skills to fulfill the demanding role of a deployed surgeon...
March 28, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588873/community-s-emergency-preparedness-for-flood-hazards-in-dire-dawa-town-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#17
Luche Tadesse Ejeta
Background: Emergency preparedness at all levels (individuals and communities) is the corner stone of effective response to the increasing trends of global disasters due to man-made and natural hazards. It is determined by different factors, including (among others) past direct and indirect exposures to hazards. This study was carried out in Dire Dawa town, Ethiopia, which in the past experienced frequent flooding events, yet dearth of information exists about preparedness in the area...
February 21, 2018: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578899/saving-lives-and-preventing-injuries-from-unjustified-protective-actions-method-for-developing-a-comprehensive-public-protective-action-strategy-for-a-severe-npp-emergency
#18
J Callen, T McKenna
During the response to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) emergency, about 50 patients died during or shortly after an evacuation when they were not provided with the needed medical support. In addition, it has been shown that during the FDNPP emergency there were increases in mortality rates among the elderly due to long-term dislocation as a result of evacuation and relocation orders and an inability to stay in areas where residents were advised to shelter for extended periods. These deaths occurred even though the possible radiation exposure to the public was too low to result in radiation-induced deaths, injuries, or a meaningful increase in the cancer rate, even if no protective actions had been taken...
May 2018: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578603/results-of-a-lay-health-education-intervention-to-increase-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-filipino-americans-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Charlene F Cuaresma, Angela U Sy, Tung T Nguyen, Reginald C S Ho, Ginny L Gildengorin, Janice Y Tsoh, Angela M Jo, Elisa K Tong, Marjorie Kagawa-Singer, Susan L Stewart
BACKGROUND: Filipino colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates fall below Healthy People 2020 goals. In this study, the authors explore whether a lay health educator (LHE) approach can increase CRC screening among Filipino Americans ages 50 to 75 years in Hawai'i. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial from 2012 through 2015 compared an intervention, which consisted of LHEs delivering 2 education sessions and 2 telephone follow-up calls on CRC screening plus a CRC brochure versus an attention control, in which 2 lectures and 2 follow-up calls on nutrition and physical activity plus a CRC brochure were provided...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577115/neighborhood-matching-for-curved-domains-with-application-to-denoising-in-diffusion-mri
#20
Geng Chen, Bin Dong, Yong Zhang, Dinggang Shen, Pew-Thian Yap
In this paper, we introduce a strategy for performing neighborhood matching on general non-Euclidean and non-flat domains. Essentially, this involves representing the domain as a graph and then extending the concept of convolution from regular grids to graphs. Acknowledging the fact that convolutions are features of local neighborhoods, neighborhood matching is carried out using the outcome of multiple convolutions at multiple scales. All these concepts are encapsulated in a sound mathematical framework, called graph framelet transforms (GFTs), which allows signals residing on non-flat domains to be decomposed according to multiple frequency subbands for rich characterization of signal patterns...
September 2017: Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention: MICCAI ..
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