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Sema neural stem cell

Amanda Boyd, Hui Zhang, Anna Williams
Failure of remyelination of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions contributes to neurodegeneration that correlates with chronic disability in patients. Currently, there are no available treatments to reduce neurodegeneration, but one therapeutic approach to fill this unmet need is to promote remyelination. As many demyelinated MS lesions contain plentiful oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs), but no mature myelinating oligodendrocytes, research has previously concentrated on promoting OPC maturation. However, some MS lesions contain few OPCs, and therefore, remyelination failure may also be secondary to OPC recruitment failure...
June 2013: Acta Neuropathologica
Sema K Sgaier, Sandrine Millet, Melissa P Villanueva, Frada Berenshteyn, Christian Song, Alexandra L Joyner
We used the cerebellum as a model to study the morphogenetic and cellular processes underlying the formation of elaborate brain structures from a simple neural tube, using an inducible genetic fate mapping approach in mouse. We demonstrate how a 90 degrees rotation between embryonic days 9 and 12 converts the rostral-caudal axis of dorsal rhombomere 1 into the medial-lateral axis of the wing-like bilateral cerebellar primordium. With the appropriate use of promoters, we marked specific medial-lateral domains of the cerebellar primordium and derived a positional fate map of the murine cerebellum...
January 6, 2005: Neuron
Nathalie Spassky, Fernando de Castro, Barbara Le Bras, Katharina Heydon, Françoise Quéraud-LeSaux, Evelyne Bloch-Gallego, Alain Chédotal, Bernard Zalc, Jean-Léon Thomas
Oligodendrocytes, the myelin-forming cells of the CNS, are generated from multiple foci distributed along the developing neural tube. Little is known about the endogenous guidance cues controlling the migration of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) from their site of emergence toward their final destination, mainly the future white matter tracts. During embryonic development, the optic nerve is populated by OPCs originating in the diencephalon that migrate from the chiasm toward the retina. Here we show that OPCs migrating into the embryonic optic nerve express the semaphorin receptors neuropilin-1 and -2, as well as deleted in colorectal cancer (DCC) and, to a lesser extend unc5H1, two of the netrin-1 receptors...
July 15, 2002: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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