Read by QxMD icon Read

Wine and ageing

Shuxun Liu, Shaoyang Wang, Guanshen Yuan, Xiaoyu Ouyang, Yaran Liu, Baoqing Zhu, Bolin Zhang
This study investigated the evolution of phenolic compounds of bog bilberry syrup wine during a bottle-aging process, and further estimated the oak chip treatment on the wine color alteration. The wine was macerated with oak chips (2 or 5 g/L under light or medium toasting level) for 20 d and then bottle-aged for 6 mo. Results showed that the oak chip treatment significantly increased the content of phenolic compounds and enhanced the copigmented anthocyanin level before aging. It also resulted in an increase on a(*) and C(*) but a decrease on L(*) , b(*) , and H(*) of the wine...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Food Science
Panagiotis Stamatopoulos, Eric Brohan, Celine Prevost, Tracey Ellen Siebert, Markus J Herderich, Philippe Darriet
Recent studies concerning the aroma of noble rot dessert wines revealed the importance of a well-known phenomenon in perfumery, the perceptual blending, to create the perception of 'overripe orange' nuances. Thus, compounds associated with both oak wood aging (3-methyl-4-octanolide, eugenol) and Botrytis cinerea development under the form of noble rot (2-nonen-4-olide, γ-nonalactone) are contributing to a specific aroma of great noble rot dessert wines through perceptual interaction phenomena. This synthetic perception phenomenon was established from reconstitution, addition and omission sensory experiments, using wine extracts fractions supplemented with the volatile compounds previously mentioned...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Zoya Zaeem, Lily Zhou, Esma Dilli
Dietary triggers are commonly reported by patients with a variety of headaches, particularly those with migraines. The presence of any specific dietary trigger in migraine patients varies from 10 to 64 % depending on study population and methodology. Some foods trigger headache within an hour while others develop within 12 h post ingestion. Alcohol (especially red wine and beer), chocolate, caffeine, dairy products such as aged cheese, food preservatives with nitrates and nitrites, monosodium glutamate (MSG), and artificial sweeteners such as aspartame have all been studied as migraine triggers in the past...
November 2016: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Stephanie A Stern, Yvonne M Terry-McElrath, Megan E Patrick
Young adult binge drinking prevalence has been widely researched. However, beverage-specific binge drinking rates for beer, liquor, wine, and wine coolers have not yet been documented for this age group. This study examines consumption of specific beverages (i.e., 5+ drinks in a row in the past two weeks) by young adults aged 19/20. Data from the national Monitoring the Future study were collected one or two years after high school from 2004 to 2014 (n=2004). Logistic regression was used to examine associations between beverage-specific 5+ drinking and gender, race/ethnicity, parent education, college status, and cohort year...
September 23, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Magali Picard, Sophie Tempere, Gilles de Revel, Stéphanie Marchand
Piperitone was recently identified in red Bordeaux wines, and this study was designed to further explore its contribution to wine aroma. Firstly, a geographical origin effect was detected within the Bordeaux region (left versus right banks of the Gironde estuary), with significantly higher mint aroma intensities and piperitone levels in wines from the left bank (Medoc appellations). Statistical analysis of chemical and sensory data highlighted a correlation with the proportion of Cabernet Sauvignon in the wine blends...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Lauriane Sindt, Marine Gammacurta, Pierre Waffo-Teguo, Denis Dubourdieu, Axel Marchal
Quercoresinosides A and B (1 and 2), two new lignans, were isolated from a toasted Quercus petraea heartwood extract along with a known compound, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenol 1-O-β-d-(6'-O-galloyl)glucopyranoside (3). The purification protocol was based on a taste-guided approach that sought to reveal new bitter compounds released from oak wood into wines and spirits. HRMS and NMR data were used to establish that compounds 1 and 2 are lignan derivatives bearing a glucosyl unit and a galloyl unit at the same positions...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Harish C Pal, Ross L Pearlman, Farrukh Afaq
Chronic inflammation is a prolonged and dysregulated immune response leading to a wide variety of physiological and pathological conditions such as neurological abnormalities, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, pulmonary diseases, immunological diseases, cancers, and other life-threatening conditions. Therefore, inhibition of persistent inflammation will reduce the risk of inflammation-associated chronic diseases. Inflammation-related chronic diseases require chronic treatment without side effects...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Muhsin A Al-Dhalimi, Murtadha H Al-Janabi
BACKGROUND: Lasers have been the treatment of choice for Port-wine stain (PWS). However, only one type of laser is not a panacea for all PWS malformations. This is may be due to the great heterogeneity of phenotypic presentation of this congenital anomaly as color, depth, and the site of the lesion. For the treatment of PWS, flash lamp-pumped pulsed dye laser, carbon dioxide, argon, krypton, copper bromide, frequency-doubled neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG), and also intense pulsed light sources can be used...
September 26, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Natasha Din, Isabel Elaine Allen, William A Satariano, Joshua Demb, Dejana Braithwaite
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of prediagnostic alcohol consumption with long-term mortality from breast cancer and other causes in a cohort of women with breast cancer. METHODS: We studied a Michigan-based cohort of 939 women aged 40-84 years, who provided complete information about the type, amount and intensity of prediagnostic alcohol consumption. Associations of alcohol consumption, based on weekly volume of alcohol consumption during the year prior to breast cancer diagnosis, with mortality were evaluated in Cox proportional hazards models, with adjustment for sociodemographic factors, body mass index, smoking, comorbidity, tumor characteristics, and treatment...
July 28, 2016: Breast Disease
Elijah Ige Ohimain
Incidence of methanol contamination of traditionally fermented beverages is increasing globally resulting in the death of several persons. The source of methanol contamination has not been clearly established in most countries. While there were speculations that unscrupulous vendors might have deliberately spiked the beverages with methanol, it is more likely that the methanol might have been produced by contaminating microbes during traditional ethanol fermentation, which is often inoculated spontaneously by mixed microbes, with a potential to produce mixed alcohols...
2016: SpringerPlus
Preetham Elumalai, Sreeja Lakshmi
Neurodegenerative disorders are often life threatening and hired as an economic burden to the health-care system. Nutritional interventions principally involving polyphenols were practiced to arrest or reverse the age-related health disorders. Flavonoids, a class of dietary polyphenols, are rising to superstardom in preventing brain disorders with their potent antioxidant defense mechanism. Quercetin is a ubiquitous flavonoid reported to have all-natural myriad of health benefits. Citrus fruits, apple, onion, parsley, berries, green tea, and red wine comprise the major dietary supplements of quercetin apart from some herbal remedies like Ginkgo biloba...
2016: Advances in Neurobiology
Mari Mohn Paulsen, Jannicke Borch Myhre, Lene Frost Andersen
Beverages may be important contributors for energy intake and dietary quality. The purpose of the study was to investigate how beverage consumption varies between different meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner, supper/evening meal, snacks) and between weekdays and weekend-days in Norwegian adults. A cross-sectional dietary survey was conducted among Norwegian adults (n = 1787) in 2010-2011. Two telephone-administered 24 h recalls were used for dietary data collection. Breakfast was the most important meal for milk and juice consumption, dinner for sugar-sweetened beverages and wine, and snacks for water, coffee, artificially sweetened beverages, and beer...
2016: Nutrients
Bruna Angelo Vieira, Vivian Cristine Luft, Maria Inês Schmidt, Lloyd Ellwood Chambless, Dora Chor, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Bruce Bartholow Duncan
The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is rising worldwide. Its association with alcohol intake, a major lifestyle factor, is unclear, particularly with respect to the influence of drinking with as opposed to outside of meals. We investigated the associations of different aspects of alcohol consumption with the metabolic syndrome and its components. In cross-sectional analyses of 14,375 active or retired civil servants (aged 35-74 years) participating in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), we fitted logistic regression models to investigate interactions between the quantity of alcohol, the timing of its consumption with respect to meals, and the predominant beverage type in the association of alcohol consumption with the metabolic syndrome...
2016: PloS One
V Schwarz, K Bachelier, S H Schirmer, C Werner, U Laufs, M Böhm
BACKGROUND: Moderate consumption of red wine is associated with less cardiovascular events. We investigated whether red wine consumption counteracts the adverse vascular effects of cigarette smoking. METHODS: Participants smoked three cigarettes, alone or after drinking a titrated volume of red wine. Clinical chemistry, blood counts, plasma cytokine ELISAs, immuno-magnetic separation of CD14(+) monocytes for gene expression analysis, fluorescence-activated cell sorting for microparticles, isolation of circulating mononuclear cells to measure telomerase activity were performed and urine cotinine levels were quantified...
September 12, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
O Miró, F J Martín-Sánchez, J Jacob, J A Andueza, P Herrero, P Llorens
BACKGROUND: Analyze the adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MeD) by patients with heart failure (HF) Method. We included consecutive patients diagnosed with HF in 4 hospitals. The data collected included epidemiologi-cal, comorbidities, basal situation and usual treatment. Adherence to the MeD was assessed by telephone interview with the MEDAS-14 questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 411 patients were included: age 77 (15) years, 56% women, with a high number of risk factors and cardiovascular comorbidity, 58...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Maristela Lago, Lisandra R Mozzaquatro, Camila Rodrigues, Marina R Kaizer, André Mallmann, Letícia B Jacques
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the influence of two bleaching agents (16% carbamide peroxide-CP and 35% hydrogen peroxide-HP) on color and translucency of one resin composite (Filtek Z350 XT) in two opacities (enamel and dentin) previously aged in deionized water or red wine. METHODS: Sixty specimens of each material were divided in two groups (n = 30): aged in water or red wine for 14 days. Then the specimens were divided in three subgroups (n = 10): control/no treatment, treated with 16% carbamide peroxide (Mix Night), treated with 35% hydrogen peroxide (Mix One)...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Fazlullah Khan, Kamal Niaz, Faheem Maqbool, Fatima Ismail Hassan, Mohammad Abdollahi, Kalyan C Nagulapalli Venkata, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Anupam Bishayee
Quercetin, a medicinally important member of the flavonoid family, is one of the most prominent dietary antioxidants. It is present in a variety of foods-including fruits, vegetables, tea, wine, as well as other dietary supplements-and is responsible for various health benefits. Numerous pharmacological effects of quercetin include protection against diseases, such as osteoporosis, certain forms of malignant tumors, and pulmonary and cardiovascular disorders. Quercetin has the special ability of scavenging highly reactive species, such as hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion, and hydroxyl radicals...
2016: Nutrients
Ellen M Mikkelsen, Anders H Riis, Lauren A Wise, Elizabeth E Hatch, Kenneth J Rothman, Heidi T Cueto, Henrik Toft Sørensen
OBJECTIVE:  To investigate to what extent alcohol consumption affects female fecundability. DESIGN:  Prospective cohort study. SETTING:  Denmark, 1 June 2007 to 5 January 2016. PARTICIPANTS:  6120 female Danish residents, aged 21-45 years, in a stable relationship with a male partner, who were trying to conceive and not receiving fertility treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:  Alcohol consumption was self reported as beer (330 mL bottles), red or white wine (120 mL glasses), dessert wine (50 mL glasses), and spirits (20 mL) and categorized in standard servings per week (none, 1-3, 4-7, 8-13, and ≥14)...
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Mario Caruana, Ruben Cauchi, Neville Vassallo
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are the most common age-related neurodegenerative disorders and hence pose remarkable socio-economical burdens to both families and state. Although AD and PD have different clinical and neuropathological features, they share common molecular mechanisms that appear to be triggered by multi-factorial events, such as protein aggregation, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress (OS), and neuroinflammation, ultimately leading to neuronal cell death. Currently, there are no established and validated disease-modifying strategies for either AD or PD...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
Osamah J Saeedi, Luke Y Chang, Karun S Arora, Henry D Jampel, Harry A Quigley
We report a case of a suspected Sturge-Weber syndrome variant diagnosed at the age of 58 with the help of enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain ocular coherence tomography (EDI-SDOCT). A 58-year-old female with unilateral glaucoma was suspected to have choroidal vascular lesion, conjunctival angioma, and no facial port-wine stain who presented to the clinic with bleb dysesthesia many years after trabeculectomy. EDI-SDOCT was performed and revealed markedly increased choroidal thickness in the affected eye...
July 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"