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Wine and ageing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300425/aging-and-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-relationship-with-cardiometabolic-disorders-and-polypharmacy
#1
R Vicinanza, G Troisi, R Cangemi, M Ulderico De Martino, D Pastori, S Bernardini, F Crisciotti, F Di Violante, A Frizza, M Cacciafesta, P Pignatelli, V Marigliano
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (Med-Diet), cardiometabolic disorders and polypharmacy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatrics outpatient clinic, Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome. PARTICIPANTS: 508 patients (219 male, 289 female) aged 50 to 89 who were evaluated for cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. METHODS AND MEASUREMENTS: Patients underwent a comprehensive medical assessment including medical history and the use of medications...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282704/diet-medication-use-and-drug-intake-during-pregnancy-data-from-the-consecutive-swiss-health-surveys-of-2007-and-2012
#2
Cornelia Bornhauser, Katharina Quack Lötscher, Burkhardt Seifert, Ana Paula Simões-Wüst
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to gain knowledge on the health status of pregnant women in Switzerland, especially their attitude to and decisions about diet, use of medication and consumption of drugs, including alcohol and tobacco. METHODS: Data collected by the consecutive Swiss Health Surveys of 2007 and 2012 on sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics (including nutrition), type and intake of medication, use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs of the female population were analysed...
December 28, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280366/outcomes-of-infantile-onset-glaucoma-associated-with-port-wine-birthmarks-and-other-periocular-cutaneous-vascular-malformations
#3
Daniela Reyes-Capó, Kara M Cavuoto, Ta C Chang
PURPOSE: The incidence of infantile-onset secondary glaucoma associated with periocular cutaneous vascular malformations is high and the outcomes of these glaucomatous eyes have anecdotally been poor. The purpose of this study was to determine the anatomic and visual outcomes of affected eyes. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Consecutive patients with early-onset (younger than 36 months of age) glaucoma associated with cutaneous vascular malformations from 1995‒2015 were included...
December 27, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244822/alcohol-consumption-and-breast-cancer-specific-and-all-cause-mortality-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer-at-the-new-york-site-of-the-breast-cancer-family-registry
#4
Nur Zeinomar, Ashley Thai, Ann J Cloud, Jasmine A McDonald, Yuyan Liao, Mary Beth Terry
PURPOSE: Alcohol consumption is an established and important risk factor for breast cancer incidence in the general population. However, the relationship between alcohol and mortality among women with breast cancer is less clear. This study examines the effect of alcohol consumption on mortality in women affected with breast cancer at baseline from a high-risk family breast and ovarian cancer registry. METHODS: We studied 1116 women affected with breast cancer at baseline from the Metropolitan New York Registry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237924/glaucoma-in-patients-with-eyes-close-to-areas-affected-by-port-wine-stain-has-lateral-and-gender-predilection
#5
Yue Wu, Ru-Jing Yu, Di Chen, Li Xu, Mao Li, Li Zhu, Chun-Yu Guo, Wen-Yi Guo
BACKGROUND: The location of facial port-wine stain (PWS) may be helpful for predicting some associated anomalies; high glaucoma incidence is found in patients with eyes close to PWS-affected areas (V1, ophthalmic branch area of the trigeminal nerve). This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of glaucoma in V1-affected PWS. METHODS: A total of 569 patients with V1 area-affected PWS were reviewed in the study. The large series was based on the referral system between the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and the Department of Ophthalmology...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225994/red-wine-age-estimation-by-the-alteration-of-its-color-parameters-fourier-transform-infrared-spectroscopy-as-a-tool-to-monitor-wine-maturation-time
#6
M Basalekou, C Pappas, Y Kotseridis, P A Tarantilis, E Kontaxakis, S Kallithraka
Color, phenolic content, and chemical age values of red wines made from Cretan grape varieties (Kotsifali, Mandilari) were evaluated over nine months of maturation in different containers for two vintages. The wines differed greatly on their anthocyanin profiles. Mid-IR spectra were also recorded with the use of a Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer in ZnSe disk mode. Analysis of Variance was used to explore the parameter's dependency on time. Determination models were developed for the chemical age indexes using Partial Least Squares (PLS) (TQ Analyst software) considering the spectral region 1830-1500 cm-1...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225724/effects-of-white-wine-consumption-on-weight-in-rats-do-polyphenols-matter
#7
Ana Marija Milat, Ivana Mudnić, Ivica Grković, Nikola Ključević, Mia Grga, Iva Jerčić, Diana Jurić, Danica Ivanković, Benjamin Benzon, Mladen Boban
Introduction: Effects of white wine and the role of wine polyphenols on weight gain in rats of different age were examined in the 4-week-voluntary-consumption trial. Methods and Materials: Biochemically characterized standard (low polyphenols, W) and macerated (high polyphenolic content, PW) white wines were compared. One- and three-month-old Sprague-Dawley male rats (n = 78) were used. Each age group was subdivided into water-only-drinking controls (C), W, and PW-drinking animals...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195999/the-effect-of-raisins-on-biomarkers-of-endothelial-function-and-oxidant-damage-an-open-label-and-randomized-controlled-intervention
#8
Panagiotis T Kanellos, Andriana C Kaliora, Athanasios D Protogerou, Nikolaos Tentolouris, Despina N Perrea, Vaios T Karathanos
Based on the existing data in grapes and wine, the aim of the present study was to investigate the probability that raisins improve clinical features and markers of oxidative stress, inflammation and arterial function in healthy smokers. Thirty-six apparently healthy smokers were recruited to an open-label and randomized, controlled, 4-week prospective intervention. All participants were reported to consume less than the recommended amount of five servings fruits and vegetables daily. Participants in the intervention were instructed to consume raisins equal to five fruit servings (90g/d)...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195968/sensory-characterization-of-the-astringency-of-commercial-uruguayan-tannat-wines
#9
Leticia Vidal, Lucía Antúnez, Ana Giménez, Karina Medina, Eduardo Boido, Gastón Ares
Astringency is one of the most important characteristics that define the quality of red wine, and is of particular relevance for Tannat, Uruguayan emblematic red wine variety. Astringency is a time-dependant and complex sensory characteristic, related to several sensations, or sub-qualities, that can be simultaneously perceived. The aim of the present study was to obtain a sensory characterization of the astringency of commercial Uruguayan Tannat wines. Forty samples with different characteristics in terms of vintage, price segment and aging in oak barrels were assessed by a panel of 9 trained assessors...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193412/role-of-resveratrol-in-regulation-of-cellular-defense-systems-against-oxidative-stress
#10
REVIEW
Van-Long Truong, Mira Jun, Woo-Sik Jeong
Resveratrol, a natural polyphenolic compound, is found in various kinds of fruits, plants, and their commercial products such as red wine. It has been demonstrated to exhibit a variety of health-promoting effects including prevention and/or treatment of cardiovascular diseases, inflammation, diabetes, neurodegeneration, aging, and cancer. Cellular defensive properties of resveratrol can be explained through its ability of either directly neutralizing reactive oxygen species/reactive nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) or indirectly upregulating the expression of cellular defensive genes...
November 28, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189899/starter-cultures-as-biocontrol-strategy-to-prevent-brettanomyces-bruxellensis-proliferation-in-wine
#11
REVIEW
Carmen Berbegal, Giuseppe Spano, Mariagiovanna Fragasso, Francesco Grieco, Pasquale Russo, Vittorio Capozzi
Brettanomyces bruxellensis is a common and significant wine spoilage microorganism. B. bruxellensis strains generally detain the molecular basis to produce compounds that are detrimental for the organoleptic quality of the wine, including some classes of volatile phenols that derive from the sequential bioconversion of specific hydroxycinnamic acids such as ferulate and p-coumarate. Although B. bruxellensis can be detected at any stage of the winemaking process, it is typically isolated at the end of the alcoholic fermentation (AF), before the staring of the spontaneous malolactic fermentation (MLF) or during barrel aging...
November 30, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160960/risk-of-past-year-injury-related-to-hours-of-exposure-to-an-elevated-bac-and-average-monthly-alcohol-volume-data-from-four-national-alcohol-surveys-2000-2015
#12
Cheryl J Cherpitel, Yu Ye, William C Kerr
BACKGROUND: While a strong association exists between alcohol and injury in emergency department (ED) studies, these studies are not representative of the general population. OBJECTIVE: The association of injury with the number of hours of exposure to a BAC ≥ 0.05 and average monthly volume in drinks, both based on self-report of quantity and frequency of drinking in the last year, in a merged sample of respondents (n=29,571) from four U.S. National Alcohol Surveys (2000-2015) is analyzed...
November 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158427/do-emotions-related-to-alcohol-consumption-differ-by-alcohol-type-an-international-cross-sectional-survey-of-emotions-associated-with-alcohol-consumption-and-influence-on-drink-choice-in-different-settings
#13
Kathryn Ashton, Mark A Bellis, Alisha R Davies, Karen Hughes, Adam Winstock
OBJECTIVES: To examine the emotions associated with drinking different types of alcohol, explore whether these emotions differ by sociodemographics and alcohol dependency and whether the emotions associated with different drink types influence people's choice of drinks in different settings. DESIGN: International cross-sectional opportunistic survey (Global Drug Survey) using an online anonymous questionnaire in 11 languages promoted through newspapers, magazines and social media from November 2015 to January 2016...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146332/micro-oxygenation-does-not-eliminate-hydrogen-sulfide-and-mercaptans-from-wine-it-simply-shifts-redox-and-complex-related-equilibria-to-reversible-oxidized-species-and-complexed-forms
#14
Eduardo Vela, Purificación Hernandez-Orte, Ernesto Franco-Luesma, Vicente Ferreira
This work seeks to assess the effects of micro-oxygenation (MOX) on the present and potential levels of Volatile Sulfur Compounds (VSCs) of wine. With such purpose, three red wines with a tendency to develop sulfury off-odors were subjected to three different MOX conditions (4.4-20mg/L delivered at 0.05 or 0.2mg/L/day). Samples were further subjected to Accelerated Reductive aging (AR) and analyzed for free and Brine Releasable (BR) VSCs and redox potential. Although MOX induced strong decreases in the levels of all free VSCs, hardly affected the ability of the wine to release back hydrogen sulfide and other mercaptans during AR-aging...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140412/alcohol-consumption-and-lung-cancer-risk-in-never-smokers-a-pooled-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#15
José A García Lavandeira, Alberto Ruano-Ravina, Karl T Kelsey, María Torres-Durán, Isaura Parente-Lamelas, Virginia Leiro-Fernández, Maruxa Zapata, José Abal-Arca, Iria Vidal-García, Carmen Montero-Martínez, Margarita Amenedo, Olalla Castro-Añón, Antonio Golpe-Gómez, Rosirys Guzmán-Taveras, Cristina Martínez, Mariano Provencio, María J Mejuto-Martí, Silvia García-García, Alberto Fernández-Villar, María Piñeiro, Juan M Barros-Dios
Background: Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer in developed countries but the etiology of lung cancer risk in never smokers (LCRINS) is largely unknown. We aim to assess the effects of alcohol consumption, in its different forms, on LCRINS. Methods: We pooled six multi-center case-control studies developed in the northwest of Spain. Cases and controls groups were composed of never smokers. We selected incident cases with anatomopathologically confirmed lung cancer diagnoses...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133421/early-neolithic-wine-of-georgia-in-the-south-caucasus
#16
Patrick McGovern, Mindia Jalabadze, Stephen Batiuk, Michael P Callahan, Karen E Smith, Gretchen R Hall, Eliso Kvavadze, David Maghradze, Nana Rusishvili, Laurent Bouby, Osvaldo Failla, Gabriele Cola, Luigi Mariani, Elisabetta Boaretto, Roberto Bacilieri, Patrice This, Nathan Wales, David Lordkipanidze
Chemical analyses of ancient organic compounds absorbed into the pottery fabrics from sites in Georgia in the South Caucasus region, dating to the early Neolithic period (ca. 6,000-5,000 BC), provide the earliest biomolecular archaeological evidence for grape wine and viniculture from the Near East, at ca. 6,000-5,800 BC. The chemical findings are corroborated by climatic and environmental reconstruction, together with archaeobotanical evidence, including grape pollen, starch, and epidermal remains associated with a jar of similar type and date...
November 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129902/quantification-of-fraglide-1-a-new-functional-ingredient-in-vinegars
#17
Aydan H Yatmaz, Tetsuaki Kinoshita, Akio Miyazato, Masahiro Takagi, Yoshio Tsujino, Fumiaki Beppu, Naohiro Gotoh
Vinegar is a widely used condiment in the world, and is produced from ethanol by acetic acid fermentation. Different fruits, vegetables, cereals, and wines can be used as ingredients for vinegar production. It is known that vinegar has many nutrient components such as organic acids, polyphenols, and aromatic compounds. Because of these bioactive components, it has many health benefits. China has a long history of producing vinegar and has been using it for health products and as medicine. Chinese aromatic Zhenjiang vinegar (Kozu) is produced from sticky rice...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120125/risk-factors-associated-with-black-tooth-stain
#18
Katica Prskalo, Eva Klarić Sever, Ivan Alerić, Tatjana Antonić Jelić, Ivona Žaja
The aim of the study was to show whether there is any influence of food, drink or drug intake on the formation of tooth discoloration. A total of 500 patients aged 15-25 years were examined to take part in the study. Of these, 60 patients were selected and divided into two groups of 30 patients each. Group 1 included patients with black pigmentation on vestibular/oral tooth surfaces. Group 2 included patients without discoloration (control). Data were recorded in a questionnaire. Atomic absorption spectrometry was used to determine elements in discoloration samples...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106590/antibody-dependent-cellular-cytotoxicity-adcc-responses-to-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-in-older-adults
#19
Hillary A Vanderven, Sinthujan Jegaskanda, Bruce D Wines, P Mark Hogarth, Sarina Carmuglia, Steven Rockman, Amy W Chung, Stephen J Kent
Background: Older adults are at high-risk of influenza disease, but generally respond poorly to vaccination. Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) may be an important component of protection against influenza infection. An improved understanding of the ADCC response to influenza vaccination in older adults is required. Methods: We studied sera samples from three groups of subjects aged 65 years (n=16-17/group) receiving the 2008/2009 seasonal trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV)...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099824/-changes-in-alcohol-consumption-from-youth-to-adulthood-in-italy
#20
Nadia Olimpi, Stefano Bravi, Allaman Allamani, Fabio Voller
BACKGROUND: alcohol consumption is a significant risk factor for health at all ages. Consumption patterns and associated risks vary across countries and cultures and are affected by socio-demographic characteristics. The objective of the study was to assess changes in alcoholic beverage consumption patterns from youth to adulthood in Italy, and specifically in the North, Central and South-Islands geographic areas. METHODS: subjects who consume wine, beer and spirits/bitters/alcoholic aperitifs, as recorded by the Istat Multipurpose surveys "Aspects of daily life", were grouped into non-drinkers, occasional drinkers and drinkers of at least one glass a day...
July 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
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