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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785546/diagnosis-and-management-of-primary-hepatic-pregnancy-literature-review-of-31-cases
#1
REVIEW
Jicai Wang, Zhilei Su, Shounan Lu, Wen Fu, Zhifa Liu, Xingming Jiang, Sheng Tai
PURPOSE: To summarize the appropriate diagnostic methods and therapeutic options for primary hepatic pregnancy (PHP). METHODS: Literature searches were performed in Pubmed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Embase databases (1956-2017), using the following search terms: primary hepatic pregnancy, hepatic pregnancy, liver pregnancy, hepatic ectopic pregnancy and intrahepatic pregnancy. Further literature was confirmed through cross-referencing. RESULTS: Thirty-one cases were reviewed and collected...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783670/adult-premenopausal-bone-health-related-to-reproductive-characteristics-population-based-data-from-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study-cam-os
#2
Azita Goshtasebi, Claudie Berger, Susan I Barr, Christopher S Kovacs, Tanveer Towheed, K Shawn Davison, Jerilynn C Prior
Amenorrhea is important for women's bone health. However, few have reported reproductive, anthropometric (body mass index [BMI], height) and bone health (areal bone mineral density [BMD], prevalent fractures) in a population-based study. The purposes of this cross-sectional study of women in the randomly-selected Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaM os ) population were: (1) to describe reproductive, demographic, anthropometric and lifestyle variables; and (2) in menstruating women, to relate reproductive and other variables to BMD at the lumbar spine (L1-4, LS), femoral neck (FN) and total hip (TH) sites and to prevalent fragility fractures...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780773/clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-placental-site-trophoblastic-tumor-experience-of-single-institution-in-korea
#3
Hye-Joo Lee, Wonkyo Shin, Yun Jeong Jang, Chel Hun Choi, Jeong-Won Lee, Duk-Soo Bae, Byoung-Gie Kim
Objective: Placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT) is the rarest form of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) and the optimum management is still controversial. In this study, we analyzed the clinical features, treatment, and outcomes of 6 consecutive patients with PSTT treated in our institution. Methods: The electronic medical record database of Samsung Medical Center was screened to identify patients with PSTT from 1994 to 2017. Medical records for the details of each patient's clinical features and treatment were extracted and reviewed...
May 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775803/assisted-reproductive-technologies-and-imprinting-disorders-results-of-a-study-from-a-french-congenital-malformations-registry
#4
Audrey Uk, Sophie Collardeau-Frachon, Quentin Scanvion, Lucas Michon, Emmanuelle Amar
INTRODUCTION: Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) is increasingly used to help infertile couples to have children around the world. A number of studies have been published reporting an increased risk of major malformations in children born following ART, especially an increased incidence of epigenetic diseases (ED). This study aimed to assess the incidence of epigenetic diseases with affected imprinting genes in infants or children from pregnancies obtained through IVF/ICSI compared to infants or children from pregnancies obtained spontaneously...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757049/prevalence-of-indicators-of-low-energy-availability-in-elite-female-sprinters
#5
Jennifer Sygo, Alexandra M Coates, Erik Sesbreno, Margo L Mountjoy, Jamie F Burr
Low energy availability (LEA), and subsequent relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S), has been observed in endurance, aesthetic, and team sport athletes, with limited data on prevalence in athletes in short-burst activities such as sprinting. We examined prevalence of signs and symptoms of LEA in elite female sprinters at the start of the training season (PRE), and at the end of a 5-month indoor training period (POST). Four of 13 female sprinters (31%) presented at PRE testing with at least one primary (amenorrhea, low BMD, low FSH, LH, or estradiol, RMR ≤ 29kcal/kg FFM, Low Energy Availability in Females Questionnaire (LEAF-Q) score ≥8) and one secondary indicator of LEA (fasting blood glucose < 4mmol/L, free triiodothyronine < 3...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752954/regulation-of-the-activins-follistatins-inhibins-axis-by-energy-status-impact-on-reproductive-function
#6
Nikolaos Perakakis, Jagriti Upadhyay, Wael Ghaly, Joyce Chen, Pavlina Chrysafi, Athanasios D Anastasilakis, Christos S Mantzoros
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that the adipose tissue derived hormone leptin controls reproductive function by regulating the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in response to energy deficiency. Here, we evaluate the activins-follistatins-inhibins (AFI) axis during acute (short-term fasting in healthy people) and chronic energy deficiency (women with hypothalamic amenorrhea due to strenuous exercise [HA]) and investigate their relation to leptin and reproductive function in healthy subjects and subjects with HA...
May 9, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751791/a-cohort-of-women-with-ectopic-pregnancy-challenges-in-diagnosis-and-management-in-a-rural-hospital-in-a-low-income-country
#7
R Mooij, G C Mgalega, I H Mwampagatwa, J van Dillen, J Stekelenburg
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) is a serious complication of early pregnancy. In low-income countries diagnosis of EP is difficult and it is a major contributor to maternal mortality. We aimed to assess and improve the diagnostic process of women with EP. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective medical records study of all women with confirmed EP in Ndala Hospital from 2010 to 2012. We used data on demographics, symptoms, diagnostic procedures, surgical findings, treatment and post-operative status...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750173/radiotherapy-for-adult-medulloblastoma-evaluation-of-helical-tomotherapy-volumetric-intensity-modulated-arc-therapy-and-three-dimensional-conformal-radiotherapy-and-the-results-of-helical-tomotherapy-therapy
#8
Sun Zong-Wen, Yang Shuang-Yan, Du Feng-Lei, Cheng Xiao-Long, Li Qinglin, Chen Meng-Yuan, Hua Yong-Hong, Jin Ting, Hu Qiao-Ying, Chen Xiao-Zhong, Chen Yuan-Yuan, Chen Ming
Introduction: All adult medulloblastoma (AMB) patients should be treated with craniospinal irradiation (CSI) postoperatively. Because of the long irradiation range, multiple radiation fields must be designed for conventional radiotherapy technology. CSI can be completed in only one session with helical tomotherapy (HT). We evaluated the dose of HT, volumetric intensity modulated arc therapy (VMAT), and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) of AMB and the results of 5 cases of AMB treated with HT...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744355/herbal-medicine-for-oligomenorrhea-and-amenorrhea-a-systematic-review-of-ancient-and-conventional-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Arezoo Moini Jazani, Kobra Hamdi, Mojgan Tansaz, Hossein Nazemiyeh, Homayoun Sadeghi Bazargani, Seyed Mohammad Bagher Fazljou, Ramin Nasimi Doost Azgomi
Introduction: Menstrual bleeding cessation is one of the most frequent gynecologic disorders among women in reproductive age. The treatment is based on hormone therapy. Due to the increasing request for alternative medicine remedies in the field of women's diseases, in present study, it was tried to overview medicinal plants used to treat oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea according to the pharmaceutical textbooks of traditional Persian medicine (TPM) and review the evidence in the conventional medicine...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739679/low-trabecular-bone-score-in-adolescent-female-inpatients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#10
Yael Levy-Shraga, Liana Tripto-Shkolnik, Dana David, Iris Vered, Daniel Stein, Dalit Modan-Moses
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Trabecular bone score (TBS) is an emerging technology that provides information regarding bone microarchitecture. A recent study showed that in healthy girls normal TBS (≥1.35) was achieved within the first year post-menarche. The aims of our study was to assess TBS in adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and to evaluate correlations with clinical, laboratory and densitometric variables. METHODS: A cohort study of 208 adolescent females (mean age 15...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738417/isolated-vitamin-d-supplementation-improves-the-immune-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-younger-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Flavia Neves Bueloni-Dias, Claudio Lera Orsatti, Luciana Mendes Cangussu, Priscila Ferreira Poloni, Daniel Spadoto-Dias, Jorge Nahas-Neto, Eliana A P Nahas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of vitamin D (VitD) supplementation on immune-inflammatory biomarkers in younger postmenopausal women. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 160 postmenopausal women aged 50 to 65 years with amenorrhea ≥12 months were randomized into two groups: VitD group, oral supplementation with 1000 IU VitD3/day (n = 80) or placebo group (n = 80). The intervention time was 9 months, and the women were assessed at baseline and endpoint...
May 7, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733226/symptom-alleviating-effect-and-adverse-effect-of-dienogest-in-korean-women-with-endometriosis
#12
Seon Hwa Jeong, Dayong Lee, Seul Ki Kim, Byung Chul Jee
The purpose was to evaluate the effects of dienogest on Korean women with endometriosis. A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted for 100 premenopausal women. They had taken or were taking 2 mg of dienogest daily. We assessed the pelvic pain score and quality-of-life (QOL) score before and after taking dienogest as well as the prevalence of short-term (≤12 weeks) and long-term adverse effects (>52 weeks). Patients were classified into three groups: dienogest treatment immediately following surgery (A), dienogest treatment for a recurrence of endometriosis after surgery (B), or dienogest treatment without any surgery (C)...
May 7, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720150/complexity-of-consenting-for-medical-termination-of-pregnancy-prospective-and-longitudinal-study-in-paris
#13
Georges Abi Tayeh, Jean-Marie Jouannic, Fersan Mansour, Assaad Kesrouani, Elie Attieh
BACKGROUND: We analyzed the patients' perception of prenatal diagnosis of fetal cardiac pathology, and the reasons for choosing to continue with pregnancy despite being eligible to receive a medical termination of pregnancy. We also identified the challenges, the motives interfering in decision-making, and the consequences of the decisions on pregnancy, child and mother. METHODS: This descriptive, prospective and longitudinal study was conducted in France, amongst pregnant women who wished to continue their pregnancy despite an unfavorable medical advice (incurable fetal cardiac pathologies)...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716658/a-case-report-of-spontaneous-abortion-caused-by-brucella-melitensis-biovar-3
#14
Hong-Xia Yang, Jun-Jun Feng, Qiu-Xiang Zhang, Rui-E Hao, Su-Xia Yao, Rong Zhao, Dong-Ri Piao, Bu-Yun Cui, Hai Jiang
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease caused by Brucella spp. Brucella invades the body through the skin mucosa, digestive tract, and respiratory tract. However, only a few studies on human spontaneous abortion attributable to Brucella have been reported. In this work, the patient living in Shanxi Province in China who had suffered a spontaneous abortion was underwent pathogen detection and Brucella melitensis biovar 3 was identified. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient in this study was 22 years old...
May 2, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713204/efficacy-and-patient-satisfaction-after-novasure-and-minerva-endometrial-ablation-for-treating-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-a-retrospective-comparative-study
#15
Constantine Scordalakes, Robert delRosario, Andrew Shimer, Russell Stankiewicz
Objective: Compare amenorrhea rate, menstrual symptoms, patient satisfaction, and adverse events in women who underwent endometrial ablation with the NovaSure versus the Minerva radiofrequency ablation systems. Methods: We surveyed 189 premenopausal women (mean 40.8±6.2 years old) who underwent endometrial ablation for abnormal uterine bleeding using the NovaSure (n=97) or Minerva (n=92) systems, at four private US gynecology clinics, and whose procedure date was after July 2015 with follow-up ≥3 months...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703001/successful-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-early-splenic-ectopic-pregnancy-a-case-report
#16
Lan Wu, Xiaoqin Jiang, Juan Ni
INTRODUCTION: Splenic ectopic pregnancy (SEP), a special abdominal pregnancy, is extremely rare but carries a high risk of potentially uncontrollable, life-threatening intraperitoneal bleeding at early gestation, which is equivalent to the spontaneous rupture of the spleen. Therefore, early diagnosis of SEP is crucial and may avoid life-threatening situation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 29-year-old G3P2 woman presented with 50 days of amenorrhea and positive serum β-human gonadotropin (β-HCG) was enrolled into the hospital due to the absence of gestational sac located in the uterine cavity...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692685/itraq-based-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-of-processed-euphorbia-lathyris-l-for-reducing-the-intestinal-toxicity
#17
Yu Zhang, Yingzi Wang, Shaojing Li, Xiuting Zhang, Wenhua Li, Shengxiu Luo, Zhenyang Sun, Ruijie Nie
Background: Euphorbia lathyris L., a Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is commonly used for the treatment of hydropsy, ascites, constipation, amenorrhea, and scabies. Semen Euphorbiae Pulveratum, which is another type of Euphorbia lathyris that is commonly used in TCM practice and is obtained by removing the oil from the seed that is called paozhi, has been known to ease diarrhea. Whereas, the mechanisms of reducing intestinal toxicity have not been clearly investigated yet. Methods: In this study, the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) in combination with the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) proteomic method was applied to investigate the effects of Euphorbia lathyris L...
2018: Proteome Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683020/premature-ovarian-failure-short-stature-and-hashimoto-s-disease-in-an-18-year-old-adolescent-girl-with-46-x-i-x-q10
#18
Xiang Hu, Qiao Zhang, Feng Gao, Lu-Lu Chen
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a heterogeneous condition affecting girls and women. We detected a previously healthy 18-year-old adolescent girl, presented with amenorrhea over six months, as well as circulating levels of estradiol lower decreased and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) increased. She was 138 cm tall. Results of laboratory tests and/or ultrasound investigations showed 46, X, i(X)(q10) karyotype and Hashimoto's disease. This case suggests that pubertal onset and progression, as well as karyotype analysis, should be evaluated in girls with Hashimoto's disease and short stature...
April 22, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673161/biflavonoids-isolated-from-selaginella-tamariscina-and-their-anti-inflammatory-activities-via-erk-1-2-signaling
#19
Sun-Yup Shim, Seul-Gi Lee, Mina Lee
Selaginella tamariscina ( S. tamariscina ) (Beauv.) Spring (Selaginellaceae) has been used in oriental medicine for the treatment of dysmenorrhea, chronic hepatitis, hyperglycemia, amenorrhea, hematuria, prolapse of the anus and metrorrhagia. In the present study, we isolated two strong anti-inflammatory compounds, the biflavonoids hinokiflavone (H) and 7&prime;- O -methyl hinokiflavone (mH), from S. tamariscina and examined their anti-inflammatory activities in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated murine macrophages (RAW 264...
April 17, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663637/reproductive-health-obesity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-samoan-women
#20
H Maredia, N L Hawley, G Lambert-Messerlian, U Fidow, M S Reupena, T Naseri, S T McGarvey
OBJECTIVES: Obesity leads to deleterious effects on not only cardiovascular health but also on the reproductive health of women. We estimate the prevalence of menstrual irregularity and of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) in Samoan women, among whom obesity prevalence is extremely high. We explore the association of these reproductive health conditions with adiposity, cardiometabolic risk factors, and androgen levels. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of Samoan women 25-39 years of age (n = 470) from a larger population-based genome-wide association study of adiposity and cardiometabolic disease was assessed for the prevalence of oligomenorrhea/amenorrhea (OM/AM) using a self-reported questionnaire...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
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