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Radiologic Technologist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904150/emotional-intelligence-throughout-the-lifecycle-of-australian-radiographers
#1
Sarah Jayne Lewis, Grace Rose Eccles, Stuart James Mackay, John Robinson
PURPOSE: To measure global and domain trait emotional intelligence (EI) throughout the professional lifecycle of Australian radiographers and report the trends. METHODS: A combination retrospective and prospective cross-sectional multiple-cohort study using the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF) was designed to collect global and domain trait EI scores of several populations, including radiography students (n = 95), inexperienced radiographers (0-5 years' experience; n = 94), experienced radiographers (≥ 6 years' experience; n = 451), chief radiographers (n = 107), clinical educators (n = 24), application specialists (n = 24), and radiographers working in education (n = 15)...
September 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900048/community-acquired-pneumonia
#2
Jennifer Franco
The most commonly ordered radiologic examination is the chest radiograph, and it is considered the gold standard for diagnosing pneumonia. For this reason, it is essential that radiologic technologists understand the disease and how it affects patients. This article discusses the anatomy of the lungs, along with the epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and complications of community-acquired pneumonia.
July 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900047/serving-following-and-leading-in-health-care
#3
Steven M Penny
Radiologic technologists often perform diverse roles throughout the workday, and they should have at least a minimal understanding of the responsibility and effects of these roles on the patient and organization. Although technologists can practice independently or as part of a work group, individuals should be prepared to improve patient care and to function as a servant, follower, and leader for the overall success of the organization. This article examines those roles, emphasizing servantship.
July 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900045/gbcas-and-risk-for-nephrogenic-systemic-fibrosis-a-literature-review
#4
Asher Street Beam, Kristi G Moore, Savannah N Gillis, Kala F Ford, Tyler Gray, Anne Howard Steinwinder, Alexa Graham
PURPOSE: To examine the risks of using of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and explore strategies to reduce the likeliness of adverse effects in patients who might be at risk for developing nephrogenic system fibrosis (NSF). METHODS: A search of 3 scholarly databases was performed to identify articles that discuss adverse reactions to GBCAs, specifically relating to kidney function, in MR examinations. A total of 20 peer-reviewed articles were analyzed...
July 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898128/technologist-directed-repeat-musculoskeletal-and-chest-radiographs-how-often-do-they-impact-diagnosis
#5
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Jill E Jacobs, Nidhi Jain, Geraldine Brusca-Augello, Michael Mechlin, Marc Parente, Michael P Recht
OBJECTIVE: Radiologic technologists may repeat images within a radiographic examination because of perceived suboptimal image quality, excluding these original images from submission to a PACS. This study assesses the appropriateness of technologists' decisions to repeat musculoskeletal and chest radiographs as well as the utility of repeat radiographs in addressing examinations' clinical indication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 95 musculoskeletal and 87 chest radiographic examinations in which the technologist repeated one or more images because of perceived image quality issues, rejecting original images from PACS submission...
September 12, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895040/clinical-utility-of-ultra-low-dose-pre-test-exposure-to-avoid-unnecessary-patient-exposure-due-to-positioning-errors-a-simulation-study
#6
Hideo Nose, Junji Shiraishi
The use of digital radiographic systems has decreased the frequency of image retakes due to over/underexposure in general radiography. However, image retakes owing to patient positioning errors are likely to increase because of the convenience of a real-time image check on a console table. The purpose of the present study is to propose a novel radiographic examination procedure with an ultra-low-dose pre-test exposure that may be utilized to check patient positioning prior to taking an actual image, thereby reducing unnecessary patient exposure owing to image retakes...
September 11, 2017: Radiological Physics and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866805/development-of-a-tool-to-aid-the-radiologic-technologist-using-augmented-reality-and-computer-vision
#7
REVIEW
Robert D MacDougall, Benoit Scherrer, Steven Don
This technical innovation describes the development of a novel device to aid technologists in reducing exposure variation and repeat imaging in computed and digital radiography. The device consists of a color video and depth camera in combination with proprietary software and user interface. A monitor in the x-ray control room displays the position of the patient in real time with respect to automatic exposure control chambers and image receptor area. The thickness of the body part of interest is automatically displayed along with a motion indicator for the examined body part...
September 2, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776531/does-a-quality-assurance-training-course-on-chest-radiography-for-radiological-technologists-improve-their-performance-in-laos
#8
Akihiro Ohkado, Marvin Mercader, Takuji Date
BACKGROUND: It is of critical importance to improve and maintain the quality of chest radiography (CXR) to avoid faulty diagnosis of respiratory diseases. The study aims to determine the effectiveness of a training program in improving the quality of CXR among radiological technologists (RTs) in Laos. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted through on-site investigation of X-ray facilities, assessment of CXR films in Laos, both before and after a training course in November 2013...
July 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711210/routine-dual-energy-computed-tomography-scanning-of-the-neck-in-clinical-practice-a-single-institution-experience
#9
REVIEW
Almudena Pérez-Lara, Mark Levental, Lorne Rosenbloom, Gary Wing, Reza Forghani
There is increasing use and popularity of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) in many subspecialties in radiology. This article reviews the practical workflow implications of routine DECT scanning based on the experience at a single institution where a large percentage of elective neck CTs are acquired in DECT mode. The article reviews factors both on the production (technologist) and on the interpretation (radiologist) side, focusing on challenges posed and potential solutions for seamless workflow implementation...
August 2017: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705527/reducing-stat-portable-chest-radiograph-turnaround-times-a-pilot-study
#10
REVIEW
Pratik Rachh, Alexa O Levey, Andrew Lemmon, Aurora Marinescu, William F Auffermann, Daniel Haycook, Eugene A Berkowitz
BACKGROUND: Our health system orders a high number of STAT priority portable chest radiographs (62%) compared to Routine (35%) and Today (3%). Retrospective chart review of 1000 chest radiographs ordered with the STAT priority revealed that 38% of studies did not indicate clinical urgency. Given the high number or STAT priority portable chest radiographs ordered, prioritizing acquisition and interpretation of true STATs has become challenging for technologists and radiologists, leading to process inefficiencies, long turnaround times (TATs), communication failures, and patient-safety errors...
June 5, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701894/volume-measurement-by-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-cervical-cancer
#11
Shinya Fujii, Naoki Iwata, Chie Inoue, Naoko Mukuda, Takeru Fukunaga, Toshihide Ogawa
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the validity of tumor volume measurement using diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging in cervical cancer. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 22 patients, who underwent preoperative 3.0 T MR examinations with DW imaging were evaluated. Tumor volume measurement by oblique axial (short axis to the uterine cervix) T2-weighted imaging was performed by manually outlining the tumor on the monitor. The area of tumor in each slice was multiplied by the slice profile (slice thickness plus intersection gap), and the total tumor volume was calculated by summation of these obtained volumes...
June 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698185/age-at-menarche-and-late-adolescent-adiposity-associated-with-mammographic-density-on-processed-digital-mammograms-in-24-840-women
#12
Stacey E Alexeeff, Nnaemeka U Odo, Jafi A Lipson, Ninah Achacoso, Joseph H Rothstein, Martin J Yaffe, Rhea Y Liang, Luana Acton, Valerie McGuire, Alice S Whittemore, Daniel L Rubin, Weiva Sieh, Laurel A Habel
Background: High mammographic density is strongly associated with increased breast cancer risk. Some, but not all, risk factors for breast cancer are also associated with higher mammographic density.Methods: The study cohort (N = 24,840) was drawn from the Research Program in Genes, Environment and Health of Kaiser Permanente Northern California and included non-Hispanic white females ages 40 to 74 years with a full-field digital mammogram (FFDM). Percent density (PD) and dense area (DA) were measured by a radiological technologist using Cumulus...
July 11, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662850/patient-dose-monitoring-systems-a-new-way-of-managing-patient-dose-and-quality-in-the-radiology-department
#13
N Fitousi
PURPOSE: Due to the upcoming European Directive (2013/59/EURATOM) and the increased focus on patient safety in international guidelines and regulations, Patient Dose Monitoring Systems, also called Dose Management Systems (DMS), are introduced in medical imaging departments. This article focusses on the requirements for a DMS, its benefits and the necessary implementation steps. METHOD: The implementation of a DMS can be perceived as a lengthy, yet worthy, procedure: users have to select the appropriate system for their applications, prepare data collection, validate, perform configuration, and start using the results in quality improvement projects...
June 26, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637959/examination-of-dose-reduction-using-image-noise-reduction-technology-in-cardiovascular-x-ray-systems
#14
Takaya Saijo, Shigenobu Seguchi
The aim of this study is to establish radiation exposure dose reduction protocols during cardiac intervention by decreasing the entrance dose at flat panel detector (FPD) with image quality evaluations. For measuring entrance surface dose (ESD), we have used a Radical 9015 dosimeter (6 cc ion chamber) placed under 20 cm thick acrylic plates at the patient's entrance reference point. We performed an image quality assessment based on quantitative as well as visual evaluation of the images obtained via current and dose reduction protocols...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578598/hyperthyroidism-hypothyroidism-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-a-large-cohort-of-women
#15
Neige M Y Journy, Marie-Odile Bernier, Michele M Doody, Bruce H Alexander, Martha S Linet, Cari M Kitahara
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism is 0.5-4% in iodine-replete communities, but it is 5-10 times higher in women than in men. Those conditions are associated with a broad range of metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases. Biological evidence of a role of thyroid hormones in carcinogenesis also exists. However, the association between thyroid dysfunction and cardiovascular disease or cancer mortality risk remains controversial. In a large cohort of women, the associations of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism with cause-specific mortality were evaluated after nearly 30 years of follow-up...
August 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536767/improving-efficiency-in-the-radiology-department
#16
REVIEW
Alexander J Towbin, Laurie A Perry, David B Larson
The modern radiology department is built around the flow of information. Ordering providers request imaging studies to be performed, technologists complete the work required to perform the imaging studies, and radiologists interpret and report on the imaging findings. As each of these steps is performed, data flow between multiple information systems, most notably the radiology information system (RIS), the picture archiving and communication system (PACS) and the voice dictation system. Even though data flow relatively seamlessly, the majority of our systems and processes are inefficient...
June 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533102/real-time-electronic-dashboard-technology-and-its-use-to-improve-pediatric-radiology-workflow
#17
REVIEW
Randheer Shailam, Ariel Botwin, Markus Stout, Michael S Gee
The purpose of our study was to create a real-time electronic dashboard in the pediatric radiology reading room providing a visual display of updated information regarding scheduled and in-progress radiology examinations that could help radiologists to improve clinical workflow and efficiency. To accomplish this, a script was set up to automatically send real-time HL7 messages from the radiology information system (Epic Systems, Verona, WI) to an Iguana Interface engine, with relevant data regarding examinations stored in an SQL Server database for visual display on the dashboard...
March 19, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532210/the-linear-nonthreshold-lnt-model-as-used-in-radiation-protection-an-ncrp-update
#18
John D Boice
PURPOSE: The linear nonthreshold (LNT) model has been used in radiation protection for over 40 years and has been hotly debated. It relies heavily on human epidemiology, with support from radiobiology. The scientific underpinnings include NCRP Report No. 136 ('Evaluation of the Linear-Nonthreshold Dose-Response Model for Ionizing Radiation'), UNSCEAR 2000, ICRP Publication 99 (2004) and the National Academies BEIR VII Report (2006). NCRP Scientific Committee 1-25 is reviewing recent epidemiologic studies focusing on dose-response models, including threshold, and the relevance to radiation protection...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515586/utility-of-supplemental-screening-with-breast-ultrasound-in-asymptomatic-women-with-dense-breast-tissue-who-are-not-at-high-risk-for-breast-cancer
#19
Geetika A Klevos, Fernando Collado-Mesa, Jose M Net, Monica M Yepes
OBJECTIVE: To assess the results of an initial round of supplemental screening with hand-held bilateral breast ultrasound following a negative screening mammogram in asymptomatic women with dense breast tissue who are not at high risk for breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant, Institutional Research Board approved study was performed at a single academic tertiary breast center. Informed consent was waived...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502973/the-job-competency-of-radiological-technologists-in-korea-based-on-specialists-opinion-and-questionnaire-survey
#20
Chang-Seon Lim, Yang-Sub Lee, Yong-Dae Lee, Hyun-Soo Kim, Gye-Hwan Jin, Seong-Youl Choi, Yera Hur
PURPOSE: Although there are over 40,000 licensed radiological technologists (RTs) in Korea, job competency standards have yet to be defined. This study aims to clarify the job competency of Korean RTs. METHODS: A task force team of 11 professional RTs were recruited in order to analyze the job competency of domestic and international RTs. A draft for the job competency of Korean RTs was prepared. A survey was then conducted sampling RTs and the attitudes of their competencies were recorded from May 21 to July 30, 2016...
2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
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