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Radiologic Technologist

Kensuke Fujiwara, Ayako Yagahara, Takumi Tanikawa, Yuji Tani, Hisateru Ohba, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
The aim of this study is to analyze the maldistribution and the trends in the geographic distribution of radiological resources in secondary medical areas of Hokkaido. The distribution was measured by combining the Gini coefficient (GC), which is an indicator of inequality of distribution, and the Herfindahl-Hirschman index (HHI), which is mainly used to assess market concentration. Data concerning the distribution of radiological resources, such as CT, MRI, radiotherapy facilities (RTF), radiological technologists (RT), and medical doctors were obtained from official publications...
2016: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
Nnamdi Norbert Jibiri, Tawakalitu Oluwatoyin Akintunde, Musa Yusuf Dambele, Christopher Jimoh Olowookere
OBJECTIVE: The practice of regular dose measurement helps to ascertain the level of occupational dose delivered to the staff involved in diagnostic procedures. This study was carried out to evaluate the dose exposed to the hands of radiologists and a radiologic technologist carrying out HSG and radionuclide bone scan examinations in several hospitals in Nigeria. METHODS: Radiation doses exposed to the hands of radiologists and a technician carrying out hysterosalpingography (HSG) and bone scan procedures were measured using calibrated thermo-luminescent dosimeters...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
Mohamed M Abuzaid, Aishah M Alnuaimi, Asma M Abdi, Elika A Mohajer, Ifrah A Mohamed, Rawan A Bilwani, Shaima B Alhammadi
BACKGROUND: Radiological examinations require prior preparation that patients should be informed about. Radiologists and radiologic technologists have limited time and resources to do so. Therefore, the internet is a valuable and accessible resource for patient education, but the information may not be reliable, especially that in Arabic language. This study aimed to develop online patient education resources about imaging procedures in Arabic. It also evaluated the understandability and actionability of the source materials...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Yeongchull Choi, Jaeyoung Kim, Jung Jeung Lee, Jae Kwan Jun, Won Jin Lee
OBJECTIVES: Diagnostic medical radiation workers in Korea have been officially monitored for their occupational radiation doses since 1996. The purpose of this study was to design models for reconstructing unknown individual radiation doses to which diagnostic radiation technologists were exposed before 1996. METHODS: Radiation dose reconstruction models were developed by using cross-sectional survey data and the personal badge doses of 8167 radiologic technologists...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
Elaine C Meyer, Giulia Lamiani, Donna Luff, Stephen D Brown
OBJECTIVE: Traditionally, radiologists have practiced their profession behind the scenes. Today, radiologic practitioners face mounting expectations to communicate more directly with patients. However, their experiences with patient communication are not well understood. The aim of this study was to describe the challenges of radiologic practitioners when communicating with patients. METHODS: Twelve day-long interprofessional communication skills workshops for radiologic clinicians were held at Boston Children's Hospital...
July 30, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
D L Preston, C M Kitahara, D M Freedman, A J Sigurdson, S L Simon, M P Little, E K Cahoon, P Rajaraman, J S Miller, B H Alexander, M M Doody, M S Linet
BACKGROUND: Although high-dose ionising radiation is associated with increased breast cancer risks, the association with protracted low-dose-rate exposures remains unclear. The US Radiologic Technologist study provides an opportunity to examine the association between low-to-moderate dose radiation and breast cancer incidence and mortality. METHODS: One thousand nine hundred and twenty-two self-reported first primary cancers were diagnosed during 1983-2005 among 66 915 female technologists, and 586 breast cancer deaths occurred during 1983-2008 among 83 538 female cohort members...
September 13, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Takayoshi Terashita, Naomi Tamura, Kengo Kisa, Hidenobu Kawabata, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
BACKGROUND: Knowledge and skill expected of healthcare providers continues to increase alongside developments in medicine and healthcare. Problem-based learning (PBL) is therefore increasingly necessary in training courses for radiological technologists. However, it is necessary to evaluate the effects of PBL to completely introduce it in our education programs. As a Hypothesis, it seems that a change occurs in the student's attitudes by participating in PBL practical training. There is the Semantic Differential (SeD) technique as a method to identify student's attitudes...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Hyeyeun Lim, Martha S Linet, Miriam E Van Dyke, Donald L Miller, Steven L Simon, Alice J Sigurdson, Cari M Kitahara
OBJECTIVE: Information is limited on changes over time in the types of fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures performed and associated radiation safety practices used by radiologic technologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included 12,571 U.S. radiologic technologists who were certified for at least 2 years in 1926-1982 and who reported in a 2012-2013 survey that they ever performed or assisted with fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures...
August 30, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Eugene Won, Ankur M Doshi
PURPOSE: To assess the content of currently available YouTube videos seeking to educate patients regarding commonly performed imaging examinations. METHODS: After initial testing of possible search terms, the first two pages of YouTube search results for "CT scan," "MRI," "ultrasound patient," "PET scan," and "mammogram" were reviewed to identify educational patient videos created by health organizations. Sixty-three included videos were viewed and assessed for a range of features...
August 25, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Yohei Inaba, Ryota Kobayashi, Koichi Chida
Japan Network for Research and Information on Medical Exposures (J-RIME) released the primary diagnostic reference levels (DRLs 2015) to optimize/manage the radiation dose for interventional radiology (IVR) on June 7, 2015 in Japan. However, this DRLs 2015 has a wide range of selection bias for only certified IVR technologists' dates. Therefore, it is important to know the radiation dose including non-certified IVR technologists' facilities. In this study, we verified the fluoroscopy radiation dose rates for many IVR systems in the present situation...
August 2016: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
Rachel D Zamoiski, D Michal Freedman, Martha S Linet, Cari M Kitahara, Wayne Liu, Elizabeth K Cahoon
Although there are few environmental risk factors for breast cancer, some epidemiologic studies found that exposure to solar UV radiation (UVR) may lower risk. Prior epidemiologic studies are limited by narrow ambient UVR ranges and lack lifetime exposure assessment. To address these issues, we studied a cohort with residences representing a wide range of ambient UVR. Using the nationwide U.S. Radiologic Technologists study (USRT), we examined the association between breast cancer risk and UVR based on ambient UVR, time outdoors, a combined variable of ambient UVR and time outdoors (combined UVR), and sun susceptibility factors...
August 18, 2016: Environmental Research
Sarocha Chootipongchaivat, Varit Chantarastapornchit, Wantanee Kulpeng, Joyce Anne Ceria, Niña Isabelle Tolentino, Yot Teerawattananon
OBJECTIVE: Implementing national-level vaccination programs involves long-term investment, which can be a significant financial burden, particularly in resource-limited settings. Although many studies have assessed the economic impacts of providing vaccinations, evidence on the positive and negative implications of human resources for health (HRH) is still lacking. Therefore, this study aims to estimate the HRH impact of introducing pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) using a model-based economic evaluation...
September 14, 2016: Vaccine
Jason J Liu, Elizabeth K Cahoon, Martha S Linet, Mark P Little, Casey L Dagnall, Herbert Higson, Sharon A Savage, D Michal Freedman
A few studies have examined the association between vitamin D and telomere length, and fewer still have examined the relationship in black or male populations. We investigated the cross-sectional association between the vitamin D metabolite 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration in plasma and relative leucocyte telomere length (LTL) in 1154 US radiologic technologists who were 48-93 years old (373 white females, 278 white males, 338 black females, 165 black males). Plasma 25(OH)D concentration was measured by the chemiluminescence immunoassay, and relative LTL was measured by quantitative PCR...
September 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Molly Baron, Shannon Joslin, Jane S Kim, Narendra S Shet, Brigitte Pocta, Penny Olivi
The University of Maryland Medical Center's goal was to improve the safety and comfort of pediatric imaging by enhancing the experience for children. Two pediatric radiologists and two child life specialists worked together to create a training program to help guide radiology technologists on how to approach and interact with children undergoing medical imaging. The results of surveys administered to technologists and parents or caregivers helped refine the strategy for both creating training sessions for technologists and reading materials for children and their parents to optimally prepare for the procedures...
May 2016: Radiology Management
Dunstana R Melo, Donald L Miller, Lienard Chang, Brian Moroz, Martha S Linet, Steven L Simon
This study provides a retrospective assessment of doses to 13 organs for the most common radiographic examinations conducted between the 1930s and 2010, taking into account typical technical parameters used for radiography during those years. This study is intended to be a resource on changes in medical diagnostic radiation exposure over time with a specific purpose of supporting retrospective epidemiological studies of radiation health risks. The authors derived organ doses to the brain, esophagus, thyroid, red bone marrow, lungs, breast, heart, stomach, liver, colon, urinary bladder, ovaries, and testes based on 14 common radiographic procedures and compared, when possible, with doses reported in the literature...
September 2016: Health Physics
Mario Negrone, Doriana Di Lascio
The new recommended equivalent (publication n. 118 of International Commission on Radiological Protection) dose limit for occupational exposure of the lens of the eye is based on prevention of radiogenic cataracts, with the underlying assumption of a nominal threshold which has been adjusted from 2,5 Gy to 0.5 Gy for acute or protracted exposure. The study aim was to determine the prevalence of ocular lens opacity among healthcare workers (radiologic technologists, physicians, physician assistants) with respect to occupational exposures to ionizing radiations...
April 2016: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Peter B Sachs, Kelly Hunt, Fabien Mansoubi, James Borgstede
Building and maintaining a comprehensive yet simple set of standardized protocols for a cross-sectional image can be a daunting task. A single department may have difficulty preventing "protocol creep," which almost inevitably occurs when an organized "playbook" of protocols does not exist and individual radiologists and technologists alter protocols at will and on a case-by-case basis. When multiple departments or groups function in a large health system, the lack of uniformity of protocols can increase exponentially...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
Kevin R Clark
Gunshot wounds are the third-leading cause of injury-related death nationwide. Most people with gunshot injuries undergo diagnostic imaging to evaluate their injuries in the clinical or forensic setting. Radiologic technologists must be knowledgeable about common injuries associated with gunshot wounds. Digital radiography and computed tomography play essential roles in the assessment of gunshot injuries. When clinically indicated, magnetic resonance imaging also is a valuable imaging modality for evaluating these injuries...
July 2016: Radiologic Technology
Sashi Poudel, Lori Weir, Dawn Dowling, David C Medich
A statistical pilot study was retrospectively performed to analyze potential changes in occupational radiation exposures to Interventional Radiology (IR) staff at Lawrence General Hospital after implementation of the i2 Active Radiation Dosimetry System (Unfors RaySafe Inc, 6045 Cochran Road Cleveland, OH 44139-3302). In this study, the monthly OSL dosimetry records obtained during the eight-month period prior to i2 implementation were normalized to the number of procedures performed during each month and statistically compared to the normalized dosimetry records obtained for the 8-mo period after i2 implementation...
August 2016: Health Physics
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Kristine Pysarenko
PURPOSE: To identify factors associated with the patient experience in radiology based on patient feedback reports from a single institution. METHODS: In a departmental patient experience committee initiative, all imaging outpatients are provided names and roles of all departmental employees with whom they interact, along with contact information for providing feedback after their appointment. All resulting feedback was recorded in a web-based database. A total of 3,675 patient comments over a 3-year period were assessed in terms of major themes...
June 16, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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