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Lysosome and migration

Gong-Jhe Wu, Chien-Ju Lin, Yung-Wei Lin, Ruei-Ming Chen
This article contains raw and processed data related to a research, "Honokiol induces autophagic cell death in malignant glioma through reactive oxygen species-mediated regulation of the p53/PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway" (C.J. Lin, T.L. Chen, Y.Y. Tseng, G.J. Wu, M.H. Hsieh, Y.W. Lin, R.M. Chen, 2016) [1]. Data were obtained by immunoblotting analyses of light chain 3 (LC3)-II, beclin-1, Akt, and mTOR in human glioma U87 MG cells and mouse glioma tissues treated with honokiol, an active constituent extracted from the bark of Magnolia officinalis, "Honokiol induces autophagy of neuroblastoma cells through activating the PI3K/Akt/mTOR and endoplasmic reticular stress/ERK1/2 signaling pathways and suppressing cell migration" (P...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Mengke Xing, Marshall C Peterman, Robert L Davis, Karen Oegema, Andrew K Shiau, Seth J Field
The mechanism of directional cell migration remains an important problem with relevance to cancer invasion and metastasis. GOLPH3 is a common oncogenic driver of human cancers, and is the first oncogene that functions at the Golgi in trafficking to the plasma membrane. Overexpression of GOLPH3 is reported to drive enhanced cell migration. Here we show that the PtdIns(4)P/GOLPH3/MYO18A/F-actin pathway that is critical for Golgi-to-plasma membrane trafficking is necessary and limiting for directional cell migration...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Gabrielle Lê-Bury, Chantal Deschamps, Audrey Dumas, Florence Niedergang
Macrophages are phagocytic cells that play a major role at the crossroads between innate and specific immunity. They can be infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 and because of their resistance to its cytopathic effects they can be considered to be persistent viral reservoirs. In addition, HIV-infected macrophages exhibit defective functions that contribute to the development of opportunistic diseases. The exact mechanism by which HIV-1 impairs the phagocytic response of macrophages was unknown...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Candia M Kenific, Torsten Wittmann, Jayanta Debnath
Autophagy, a pathway for lysosomal-mediated cellular degradation, has recently been described as a regulator of cell migration. Although the molecular mechanisms underlying autophagy-dependent motility are only beginning to emerge, new work demonstrates that selective autophagy mediated by the autophagy cargo receptor, NBR1, specifically promotes the dynamic turnover of integrin-based focal adhesion sites during motility. Here, we discuss the detailed mechanisms through which NBR1-dependent selective autophagy supports focal adhesion remodeling, and we describe the interconnections between this pathway and other established regulators of focal adhesion turnover, such as microtubules...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
Isabel Ferreira, Joana Liberal, João Martins, Ana Silva, Bruno M Neves, Maria Teresa Cruz
An intricate interplay between innate and adaptive immune cells is crucial for an effective immune response during disease, infection and vaccination. This interplay is manly performed by dendritic cells (DCs), which are professional antigen presenting cells (APCs) with unparalleled capacity to translate innate to adaptive immunity. They effectively recognize and uptake antigens, migrate to lymphoid tissues, and activate naïve T-cells. To enable rapid pathogen detection DCs utilize numerous germline encoded pattern recognition receptors (PRR) that recognize conserved pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) or danger associated molecular patterns (DAMPs)...
September 21, 2016: Current Drug Targets
Jason J Kwon, Jeffrey A Willy, Kayla A Quirin, Ronald C Wek, Murray Korc, Xiao-Ming Yin, Janaiah Kota
Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly lethal malignancy that responds poorly to current therapeutic modalities. In an effort to develop novel therapeutic strategies, we found downregulation of miR-29 in pancreatic cancer cells, and overexpression of miR-29a sensitized chemotherapeutic resistant pancreatic cancer cells to gemcitabine, reduced cancer cell viability, and increased cytotoxicity. Furthermore, miR-29a blocked autophagy flux, as evidenced by an accumulation of autophagosomes and autophagy markers, LC3B and p62, and a decrease in autophagosome-lysosome fusion...
September 10, 2016: Oncotarget
K Loza, I Föhring, J Bünger, G A Westphal, M Köller, M Epple, C Sengstock
The inhalation of particles and their exposure to the bronchi and alveoli constitute a major public health risk. Chemical as well as particle-related properties are important factors for the biological response but are difficult to separate from each other. Barium sulfate is a completely inert chemical compound, therefore it is ideally suited to separate these two factors. The biological response of rat alveolar macrophages (NR8383) was analyzed after exposure to barium sulfate particles with three different diameters (40 nm, 270 nm, and 1...
September 10, 2016: Nanotoxicology
Keng-Poo Tan, Ming-Yi Ho, Huan-Chieh Cho, John Yu, Jung-Tung Hung, Alice Lin-Tsing Yu
Alpha1,2-fucosyltransferases, FUT1 and FUT2, which transfer fucoses onto the terminal galactose of N-acetyl-lactosamine via α1,2-linkage have been shown to be highly expressed in various types of cancers. A few studies have shown the involvement of FUT1 substrates in tumor cell proliferation and migration. Lysosome-associated membrane protein 1, LAMP-1, has been reported to carry alpha1,2-fucosylated Lewis Y (LeY) antigens in breast cancer cells, however, the biological functions of LeY on LAMP-1 remain largely unknown...
2016: Cell Death & Disease
Rana Imani, Wei Shao, Samira Taherkhani, Shahriar Hojjati Emami, Satya Prakash, Shahab Faghihi
The aim of this study is to improve hydrocolloid stability and siRNA transfection ability of a reduced graphene oxide (rGO) based nano-carrier using a phospholipid-based amphiphilic polymer (PL-PEG) and cell penetrating peptide (CPPs). The dual functionalized nano-carrier is comprehensively characterized for its chemical structure, size, surface charge and morphology as well as thermal stability. The nano-carrier cytocompatibility, siRNA condensation ability both in the presence and absence of enzyme, endosomal buffering capacity, cellular uptake and intracellular localization are also assessed...
November 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Wentong Sun, Yu Han, Zhenhua Li, Kun Ge, Jinchao Zhang
Once bone metastasis occurs, the chances of survival and quality of life for cancer patients decrease significantly. With the development of nanomedicine, nanocarriers loading bisphosphonates have been built to prevent cancer metastasis based on their enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effects; however, as a passive mechanism, the EPR effects cannot apply to the metastatic sites because of their lack of leaky vasculature. In this study, we fabricated 40 nm-sized mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) anchored by zoledronic acid (ZOL) for targeting bone sites and delivered the antitumor drug doxorubicin (DOX) in a spatiotemporally controlled manner...
September 13, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Lin Li, Lu Tian, Wenjing Zhao, Yingqi Li, Binsheng Yang
A successful drug delivery device for cancer chemotherapy should ideally be able to load drugs highly, bring the drug preferentially into tumor cells and reduce its distribution in normal tissue to enhance therapeutic efficacy. To this purpose, a novel protocol for DOX-loaded PEGylated nanodiamond (ND-PEG-DOX/NaAc, NPDA) was fabricated using sodium acetate medium. The NPDA nanoparticles exhibited a maximum loading efficiency (99 wt%) with ultra-low drug leakage (7 wt%). Examination by confocal microscope and flow cytometer showed that the NPDA uptake by cells was time-dependent, with a slow and sustained drug release from the lysosomes at a low pH...
September 12, 2016: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
Ting Zhao, Xinchun Ding, Hong Du, Cong Yan
Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL), a key enzyme in the metabolic pathway of neutral lipids, has a close connection with inflammation and tumor progression. One major manifestation in LAL-deficient (Lipa(-/-)) mice is an increase of tumor growth and metastasis associated with expansion of myeloid-derived suppressor cells. In the lung, LAL is highly expressed in alveolar type II epithelial cells. To assess how LAL in lung epithelial cells plays a role in this inflammation-related pathogenic process, lung alveolar type II epithelial cell-specific expression of human LAL (hLAL) in Lipa(-/-) mice was established by crossbreeding of CCSP-driven rtTA transgene and (TetO)7-CMV-hLAL transgene into Lipa(-/-) mice (CCSP-Tg/KO)...
August 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Nadja Engel, Iftikhar Ali, Anna Adamus, Marcus Frank, Akber Dad, Sajjad Ali, Barbara Nebe, Muhammad Atif, Muhammad Ismail, Peter Langer, Viqar Uddin Ahmad
BACKGROUND: The medicinal plants Vincetoxicum arnottianum (VSM), Berberis orthobotrys (BORM), Onosma hispida (OHRM and OHAM) and Caccinia macranthera (CMM) are used traditionally in Pakistan and around the world for the treatment of various diseases including cancer, dermal infections, uterine tumor, wounds etc. The present study focuses on the investigation of the selected Pakistani plants for their potential as anticancer agents on human bone and breast cancer cell lines in comparison with non-tumorigenic control cells...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Andrew J Lindsay, Mary W McCaffrey
Rab coupling protein (RCP) is a Rab GTPase effector that functions in endosomal recycling. The RCP gene is frequently amplified in breast cancer, leading to increased cancer aggressiveness. Furthermore, RCP enhances the motility of ovarian cancer cells by coordinating the recycling of α5β1 integrin and EGF receptor to the leading edge of migrating cells. Here we report that RCP also influences the motility of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Knockdown of RCP inhibits the motility of A549 cells in 2D and 3D migration assays, while its overexpression enhances migration in these assays...
July 9, 2016: Oncotarget
Santiago Solé-Domènech, Dana L Cruz, Estibaliz Capetillo-Zarate, Frederick R Maxfield
Microglia, the main phagocytes of the central nervous system (CNS), are involved in the surveillance and maintenance of nervous tissue. During normal tissue homeostasis, microglia migrates within the CNS, phagocytose dead cells and tissue debris, and modulate synapse pruning and spine formation via controlled phagocytosis. In the event of an invasion by a foreign body, microglia are able to phagocytose the invading pathogen and process it proteolytically for antigen presentation. Internalized substrates are incorporated and sorted within the endocytic pathway and thereafter transported via complex vesicular routes...
July 12, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
Yao Fei, Yajie Xiong, Yifan Zhao, Wenjuan Wang, Meilin Han, Long Wang, Caihong Tan, Zhongqin Liang
Curcumin can be used to prevent and treat cancer. However, its exact underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Cathepsin L, a lysosomal cysteine protease, is overexpressed in several cancer types. This study aimed to determine the role of cathepsin L in curcumin-mediated inhibition of growth, migration, and invasion of glioma cells. Results revealed that the activity of cathepsin L was enhanced in curcumin-treated glioma cells. Cathepsin L knockdown induced by RNA interference significantly promoted curcumin-induced cytotoxicity, apoptosis, and cell cycle arrest...
September 1, 2016: Brain Research
Melissa A Lopes Pinheiro, Alwin Kamermans, Juan J Garcia-Vallejo, Bert van Het Hof, Laura Wierts, Tom O'Toole, Daniël Boeve, Marleen Verstege, Susanne Ma van der Pol, Yvette van Kooyk, Helga E de Vries, Wendy Wj Unger
Trafficking of myelin-reactive CD4(+) T-cells across the brain endothelium, an essential step in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), is suggested to be an antigen-specific process, yet which cells provide this signal is unknown. Here we provide direct evidence that under inflammatory conditions, brain endothelial cells (BECs) stimulate the migration of myelin-reactive CD4(+) T-cells by acting as non-professional antigen presenting cells through the processing and presentation of myelin-derived antigens in MHC-II...
2016: ELife
Kristina Cotter, Rachel Liberman, GeHong Sun-Wada, Yoh Wada, Dennis Sgroi, Stephen Naber, Dennis Brown, Sylvie Breton, Michael Forgac
The vacuolar (H+)-ATPases (V-ATPases) are a family of ATP-driven proton pumps that acidify intracellular compartments and transport protons across the plasma membrane. Previous work has demonstrated that plasma membrane V-ATPases are important for breast cancer invasion in vitro and that the V-ATPase subunit a isoform a3 is upregulated in and critical for MDA-MB231 and MCF10CA1a breast cancer cell invasion. It has been proposed that subunit a3 is present on the plasma membrane of invasive breast cancer cells and is overexpressed in human breast cancer...
June 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Samuel Burke Nanni, Jonathan Pratt, David Beauchemin, Khadidja Haidara, Borhane Annabi
The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP-1) is a multiligand endocytic receptor, which plays a pivotal role in controlling cytoskeleton dynamics during cancer cell migration. Its rapid endocytosis further allows efficient clearance of extracellular ligands. Concanavalin-A (ConA) is a lectin used to trigger in vitro physiological cellular processes, including cytokines secretion, nitric oxide production, and T-lymphocytes activation. Given that ConA exerts part of its effects through cytoskeleton remodeling, we questioned whether it affected LRP-1 expression, intracellular trafficking, and cell surface function in grade IV U87 glioblastoma cells...
2016: Biomarkers in Cancer
Luke R Cypher, Timothy Alan Bielecki, Lu Huang, Wei An, Fany Iseka, Eric Tom, Matthew D Storck, Adam D Hoppe, Vimla Band, Hamid Band
Colony stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R), a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK), is the master regulator of macrophage biology. CSF-1 can bind CSF-1R resulting in receptor activation and signalling essential for macrophage functions such as proliferation, differentiation, survival, polarization, phagocytosis, cytokine secretion, and motility. CSF-1R activation can only occur after the receptor is presented on the macrophage cell surface. This process is reliant upon the underlying macrophage receptor trafficking machinery...
September 2016: Cellular Signalling
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