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Migration and lysosome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068557/cordycepin-inhibits-migration-of-human-glioblastoma-cells-by-affecting-lysosomal-degradation-and-protein-phosphatase-activation
#1
Dueng-Yuan Hueng, Ching-Hsuan Hsieh, Yu-Chen Cheng, Wen-Chiuan Tsai, Ying Chen
Cordycepin, a nucleoside-derivative-isolated form Cordyceps militaris, has been reported to suppress tumor cell proliferation and cause apoptosis. This study investigates the effect of cordycepin on the migration of human glioblastoma cells. Cordycepin suppressed the migration of the human glioblastoma cell lines U87MG and LN229 in transwell and wound healing assays. Cordycepin decreased protein expression of integrin α1, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), p-FAK, paxillin and p-paxillin. The lysosomal inhibitor NH4Cl blocked the ability of cordycepin to inhibit focal adhesion protein expression and glioma cell migration...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028177/autophagy-mediated-regulation-of-bace1-trafficking-and-degradation
#2
Tuancheng Feng, Prasad Tammineni, Chanchal Agrawal, Yu Young Jeong, Qian Cai
Beta-site amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is the major neuronal beta-secretase for amyloid-beta (Abeta) generation, and is degraded in lysosomes. The autophagy-lysosomal system plays a key role in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis in neurons. Recent studies established that nascent autophagosomes in distal axons move predominantly in the retrograde direction toward the soma, where mature lysosomes are mainly located. However, it remains unknown whether autophagy plays a critical role in regulation of BACE1 trafficking and degradation...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989700/cathepsin-l-is-involved-in-x-ray-induced-invasion-and-migration-of-human-glioma-u251-cells
#3
Yajie Xiong, Wenjun Ji, Yao Fei, Yifan Zhao, Long Wang, Wenjuan Wang, Meilin Han, Caihong Tan, Xifeng Fei, Qiang Huang, Zhongqin Liang
An important therapeutic method of glioblastoma, the most common primary brain tumor, is radiotherapy. However, several studies reported recently that radiation could also promote the invasion and migration of malignant tumor. Herein, we have identified that a significant increase of migration and invasiveness of human glioma U251 cells undergoing X-ray was observed compared to controls, accompanied by the increase of cathepsin L (CTSL), which is a lysosomal cysteine protease overexpressed and secreted by tumor cells...
October 29, 2016: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980069/multiple-routes-of-endocytic-internalization-of-pdgfr%C3%AE-contribute-to-pdgf-induced-stat3-signaling
#4
Kamil Jastrzębski, Daria Zdżalik-Bielecka, Agnieszka Mamińska, Yannis Kalaidzidis, Carina Hellberg, Marta Miaczynska
Platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFRβ) is a receptor tyrosine kinase which upon activation by PDGF-BB stimulates cell proliferation, migration and angiogenesis. Ligand binding induces intracellular signaling cascades but also internalization of the receptor, eventually resulting in its lysosomal degradation. However, endocytic trafficking of receptors often modulates their downstream signaling. We previously reported that internalization of PDGFRβ occurs via dynamin-dependent and -independent pathways but their further molecular determinants remained unknown...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974833/tissue-extract-fractions-from-starfish-undergoing-regeneration-promote-wound-healing-and-lower-jaw-blastema-regeneration-of-zebrafish
#5
Yancen Dai, Nagarajan Prithiviraj, Jianhong Gan, Xin A Zhang, Jizhou Yan
Natural bioactive materials provide an excellent pool of molecules for regenerative therapy. In the present study, we amputate portions of the arms of Archaster typicus starfish, extract and separate the active biomaterials, and compare the effects of each fraction on in vitro wound healing and in vivo lower jaw regeneration of zebrafish. Compared with crude extract, normal hexane fractions (NHFs) have a remarkable effect on cellular proliferation and collective migration, and exhibit fibroblast-like morphology, while methanol-water fractions (MWFs) increase cell size, cell-cell adhesion, and cell death...
December 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974566/cd63-regulates-epstein-barr-virus-lmp1-exosomal-packaging-enhancement-of-vesicle-production-and-non-canonical-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling
#6
Stephanie N Hurwitz, Dingani Nkosi, Meghan M Conlon, Sara B York, Xia Liu, Deanna C Tremblay, David G Meckes
: Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded oncoprotein that is packaged into small extracellular vesicles (EVs) called exosomes. Trafficking of LMP1 into multivesicular bodies (MVBs) alters the content and function of exosomes. LMP1-modified exosomes enhance the growth, migration, and invasion of malignant cells, demonstrating the capacity to manipulate the tumor microenvironment and enhance the progression of EBV-associated cancers. Despite the growing evidence surrounding the significance of LMP1-modified exosomes in cancer, very little is understood about the mechanisms that orchestrate LMP1 incorporation into these vesicles...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942972/the-influenza-a-virus-matrix-protein-2-undergoes-retrograde-transport-from-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-into-the-cytoplasm-and-bypasses-cytoplasmic-proteasomal-degradation
#7
Sanchari Bhowmick, Chandrani Chakravarty, Shanmugaapriya Sellathamby, Sunil K Lal
The matrix protein 2 (M2) is a spliced product of segment 7 genome of influenza A virus. Previous studies indicate its role in uncoating of the viral ribonucleoprotein complex during viral entry and in membrane scission while budding. Despite its crucial role in the viral life cycle, little is known about its subcellular distribution and dynamics. In this study, we have shown that the M2 protein is translocated from the membrane to the cytoplasm by a retrograde route via endosomes and the Golgi network. It utilizes retromer cargo while moving from the endosome to the trans-Golgi network and prevents endosome fusion with the lysosome...
December 9, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922670/downregulation-of-laptm5-suppresses-cell-proliferation-and-viability-inducing-cell-cycle-arrest-at-g0-g1-phase-of-bladder-cancer-cells
#8
Liang Chen, Gang Wang, Yi Luo, Yongzhi Wang, Conghua Xie, Wei Jiang, Yu Xiao, Guofeng Qian, Xinghuan Wang
Our transcriptome analysis revealed in bladder cancer (BCa) tissues a significant induction of lysosomal-associated multispanning membrane protein 5 (LAPTM5), a lysosomal membrane protein preferentially expressing in immune cells and hematopoietic cells. Transportation of LAPTM5 from Golgi to lysosome could be inhibited by deficiency of Nedd4, a key member of E3 ubiquitin ligase family overexpressing in invasive BCa and promoting its progression. Therefore, we hypothesize that LAPTM5 may be closely correlated with BCa tumorigenesis...
January 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897122/bioinformatics-analysis-of-chicken-mirnas-associated-with-monocyte-to-macrophage-differentiation-and-subsequent-ifng-stimulated-activation
#9
Kristopher Jl Irizarry, Adam Chan, Derek Kettle, Steven Kezian, Dominic Ma, Louis Palacios, Qingshun Li, Calvin L Keeler, Yvonne Drechsler
The goal of this project was to characterize the molecular and cellular roles of various gene targets regulated by 8 miRNAs in differentiating macrophages. Among a number of miRNAs that are found to be expressed in avian macrophages, we focused on eight specific miRNAs (miR-1618, miR-1586, miR-1633, miR-1627, miR-1646, miR-1649, miR-1610, miR-1647) associated with macrophage activation through Wnt signaling, ubiquitination, PPAR mediated macrophage function, vesicle mediated cytokine trafficking, and WD40 domain proteins in macrophage differentiation...
November 29, 2016: MicroRNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884932/drosophila-wash-is-required-for-integrin-mediated-cell-adhesion-cell-motility-and-lysosomal-neutralization
#10
Benedikt M Nagel, Meike Bechtold, Luis Garcia Rodriguez, Sven Bogdan
The Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein and SCAR Homologue (WASH) is a conserved actin nucleation promoting factor controlling Arp2/3 complex activity in endosomal sorting and recycling. Previous studies have identified WASH as an essential regulator in Drosophila development. Here, we show that homozygous wash mutant flies are viable and fertile. We demonstrate that Drosophila WASH has conserved functions in integrin receptor recycling and lysosome neutralization. WASH generates actin patches on endosomes and lysosomes mediating both functions...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857942/septins-as-modulators-of-endo-lysosomal-membrane-traffic
#11
REVIEW
Kyungyeun Song, Giulia Russo, Michael Krauss
Septins constitute a family of GTP-binding proteins, which assemble into non-polar filaments in a nucleotide-dependent manner. These filaments can be recruited to negatively charged membrane surfaces. When associated with membranes septin filaments can act as diffusion barriers, which confine subdomains of distinct biological functions. In addition, they serve scaffolding roles by recruiting cytosolic proteins and other cytoskeletal elements. Septins have been implicated in a large variety of membrane-dependent processes, including cytokinesis, signaling, cell migration, and membrane traffic, and several family members have been implicated in disease...
2016: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810645/pre-instillation-of-tumor-microparticles-enhances-intravesical-chemotherapy-of-nonmuscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-through-a-lysosomal-pathway
#12
Xun Jin, Jingwei Ma, Xiaoyu Liang, Ke Tang, Yuying Liu, Xiaonan Yin, Yi Zhang, Huafeng Zhang, Pingwei Xu, Degao Chen, Tianzhen Zhang, Jinzhi Lu, Zhuowei Hu, Xiaofeng Qin, Xiaoyong Zeng, Longcheng Li, Bo Huang
Nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is treated with transurethral resection followed by intravesical chemotherapy. However, drug-resistant tumorigenic cells cannot be eliminated, leading to half of the treated cancers recur with increased stage and grade. Innovative approaches to enhance drug sensitivity and eradicate tumorigenic cells in NMIBC treatment are urgently needed. Here, we show that pre-instillation of tumor cell-derived microparticles (T-MP) as natural biomaterials markedly enhance the inhibitory effects of intravesical chemotherapy on growth and hematuria occurrence of orthotropic bladder cancer in mice...
October 24, 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799357/mechanisms-and-functions-of-lysosome-positioning
#13
REVIEW
Jing Pu, Carlos M Guardia, Tal Keren-Kaplan, Juan S Bonifacino
Lysosomes have been classically considered terminal degradative organelles, but in recent years they have been found to participate in many other cellular processes, including killing of intracellular pathogens, antigen presentation, plasma membrane repair, cell adhesion and migration, tumor invasion and metastasis, apoptotic cell death, metabolic signaling and gene regulation. In addition, lysosome dysfunction has been shown to underlie not only rare lysosome storage disorders but also more common diseases, such as cancer and neurodegeneration...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793040/mirna-3978-regulates-peritoneal-gastric-cancer-metastasis-by-targeting-legumain
#14
Yi Zhang, Yuan-Yu Wu, Jun-Nan Jiang, Xue-Song Liu, Fu-Jian Ji, Xue-Dong Fang
Gastric cancer incidence and mortality are among the highest in China, with majority of the mortality related to peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer. Treatment is limited to radical resection, which is impeded by incidence of metastasis at time of initial diagnosis, thus making it imperative to identify diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. Legumain, a lysosomal cysteine endopeptidase of the asparaginyl endopeptidase family, has been shown to be overexpressed in patients with metastatic gastric cancer disease and its expression was positively correlated to both disease progression and outcome...
October 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789711/%C3%AE-arrestin1-and-signal-transducing-adaptor-molecule-1-stam1-cooperate-to-promote-focal-adhesion-kinase-autophosphorylation-and-chemotaxis-via-the-chemokine-receptor-cxcr4
#15
Olga Alekhina, Adriano Marchese
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its chemokine ligand CXCL12 mediate directed cell migration during organogenesis, immune responses, and metastatic disease. However, the mechanisms governing CXCL12/CXCR4-dependent chemotaxis remain poorly understood. Here, we show that the β-arrestin1·signal-transducing adaptor molecule 1 (STAM1) complex, initially identified to govern lysosomal trafficking of CXCR4, also mediates CXCR4-dependent chemotaxis. Expression of minigene fragments from β-arrestin1 or STAM1, known to disrupt the β-arrestin1·STAM1 complex, and RNAi against β-arrestin1 or STAM1, attenuates CXCL12-induced chemotaxis...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774504/data-analyses-of-honokiol-induced-autophagy-of-human-glioma-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#16
Gong-Jhe Wu, Chien-Ju Lin, Yung-Wei Lin, Ruei-Ming Chen
This article contains raw and processed data related to a research, "Honokiol induces autophagic cell death in malignant glioma through reactive oxygen species-mediated regulation of the p53/PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway" (C.J. Lin, T.L. Chen, Y.Y. Tseng, G.J. Wu, M.H. Hsieh, Y.W. Lin, R.M. Chen, 2016) [1]. Data were obtained by immunoblotting analyses of light chain 3 (LC3)-II, beclin-1, Akt, and mTOR in human glioma U87 MG cells and mouse glioma tissues treated with honokiol, an active constituent extracted from the bark of Magnolia officinalis, "Honokiol induces autophagy of neuroblastoma cells through activating the PI3K/Akt/mTOR and endoplasmic reticular stress/ERK1/2 signaling pathways and suppressing cell migration" (P...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708138/golph3-drives-cell-migration-by-promoting-golgi-reorientation-and-directional-trafficking-to-the-leading-edge
#17
Mengke Xing, Marshall C Peterman, Robert L Davis, Karen Oegema, Andrew K Shiau, Seth J Field
The mechanism of directional cell migration remains an important problem, with relevance to cancer invasion and metastasis. GOLPH3 is a common oncogenic driver of human cancers, and is the first oncogene that functions at the Golgi in trafficking to the plasma membrane. Overexpression of GOLPH3 is reported to drive enhanced cell migration. Here we show that the phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate/GOLPH3/myosin 18A/F-actin pathway that is critical for Golgi-to-plasma membrane trafficking is necessary and limiting for directional cell migration...
December 1, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684087/phagosome-migration-and-velocity-measured-in-live-primary-human-macrophages-infected-with-hiv-1
#18
Gabrielle Lê-Bury, Chantal Deschamps, Audrey Dumas, Florence Niedergang
Macrophages are phagocytic cells that play a major role at the crossroads between innate and specific immunity. They can be infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 and because of their resistance to its cytopathic effects they can be considered to be persistent viral reservoirs. In addition, HIV-infected macrophages exhibit defective functions that contribute to the development of opportunistic diseases. The exact mechanism by which HIV-1 impairs the phagocytic response of macrophages was unknown...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672021/autophagy-in-adhesion-and-migration
#19
REVIEW
Candia M Kenific, Torsten Wittmann, Jayanta Debnath
Autophagy, a pathway for lysosomal-mediated cellular degradation, has recently been described as a regulator of cell migration. Although the molecular mechanisms underlying autophagy-dependent motility are only beginning to emerge, new work demonstrates that selective autophagy mediated by the autophagy cargo receptor, NBR1, specifically promotes the dynamic turnover of integrin-based focal adhesion sites during motility. Here, we discuss the detailed mechanisms through which NBR1-dependent selective autophagy supports focal adhesion remodeling, and we describe the interconnections between this pathway and other established regulators of focal adhesion turnover, such as microtubules...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660056/inflammasome-in-dendritic-cells-immunobiology-implications-to-diseases-and-therapeutic-strategies
#20
Isabel Ferreira, Joana Liberal, João Martins, Ana Silva, Bruno M Neves, Maria Teresa Cruz
An intricate interplay between innate and adaptive immune cells is crucial for an effective immune response during disease, infection and vaccination. This interplay is manly performed by dendritic cells (DCs), which are professional antigen presenting cells (APCs) with unparalleled capacity to translate innate to adaptive immunity. They effectively recognize and uptake antigens, migrate to lymphoid tissues, and activate naïve T-cells. To enable rapid pathogen detection DCs utilize numerous germline encoded pattern recognition receptors (PRR) that recognize conserved pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) or danger associated molecular patterns (DAMPs)...
September 21, 2016: Current Drug Targets
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