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Competency education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742717/integrating-an-interprofessional-education-experience-into-a-human-physiology-course
#1
Scott Edwards, Patricia E Molina, Kathleen H McDonough, Donald E Mercante, Tina P Gunaldo
PURPOSE: To obtain physician assistant (PA) student perceptions about an interprofessional education (IPE) training experience embedded in a multidisciplinary science course. METHODS: An IPE training experience was integrated into a graduate human physiology course offered to PA, physical therapy, and graduate studies students. The focus of the activity related to the Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) competency domains of (1) roles and responsibilities and (2) teams and teamwork...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741801/attitudes-toward-suicidal-behavior-and-associated-factors-among-nursing-professionals-a-quantitative-study
#2
Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Daniel Fernando Magrini, Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti, Adriana Inocenti Miasso, Tatiana Longo Borges, Manoel Antônio Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: The attitudes toward suicide of emergency nurses may affect the care provided. However, the factors associated with these attitudes remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate attitudes toward suicidal behavior and associated factors among nursing professionals working in emergency settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study including 28 nurses and 118 were nursing assistants employed at two emergency services in Brazil was conducted...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740443/approaches-to-teach-evidence-based-practice-among-health-professionals-an-overview-of-the-existing-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Athina E Patelarou, Konstantinos G Kyriakoulis, Aliki A Stamou, Aggelos Laliotis, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Michail Matalliotakis, Emmanuel Prokopakis, Evridiki Patelarou
Health care professionals' adoption of evidence-based practice (EBP) remains limited, although most health care professionals are familiar with EBP and believe in its value. This systematic review aimed to bring together the best methods used to teach EBP to health professionals. The authors conducted a systematic search for the period 2005-2015 (an update of the search took place in October 2016) using PubMed interface (Medline). MeSH terms as well as free-text keywords were used. Studies were analyzed and evaluated by title and abstract...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739837/mortality-and-causes-of-death-among-homeless-in-finland-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#4
Agnes Stenius-Ayoade, Peija Haaramo, Hannu Kautiainen, Mika Gissler, Kristian Wahlbeck, Johan G Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is associated with increased mortality, and some predictors of mortality have been previously identified. We examined the overall and cause-specific mortality among homeless men in Helsinki and the associations of social background and health service use with mortality. METHODS: To assess cause-specific mortality in a competing risks framework, we performed a register-based, case-control study of 617 homeless men and an age-matched control group of 1240 men from the general population that were followed for 10 years between 2004 and 2014...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738902/a-comparative-effectiveness-study-of-two-culturally-competent-models-of-diabetes-self-management-programming-for-latinos-from-low-income-households
#5
Janet Page-Reeves, Lidia Regino, Cristina Murray-Krezan, Molly Bleecker, Erik Erhardt, Mark Burge, Elaine Bearer, Shiraz Mishra
BACKGROUND: Diabetes risk is extremely high for Latinos from low-income households. Health guidelines recommend that individuals learn strategies to self-manage their diabetes, but getting people to adopt required lifestyle changes is challenging and many people are not able to prevent their pre-diabetes from escalating or effectively control their diabetes. Systematic reviews show that culturally competent self-management programs can significantly improve diabetes outcomes and different models for culturally competent programming have been developed...
July 24, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738821/quality-improvement-implementation-and-dissemination-strategies-to-improve-mental-health-care-for-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Joni L McKeeman, Leyla F Stambaugh, Robert B Christian, Bradley N Gaynes, Heather Lynne Kane, Leila C Kahwati, Kathleen N Lohr, Meera Viswanathan
BACKGROUND: Some outcomes for children with mental health problems remain suboptimal because of poor access to care and the failure of systems and providers to adopt established quality improvement strategies and interventions with proven effectiveness. This review had three goals: (1) assess the effectiveness of quality improvement, implementation, and dissemination strategies intended to improve the mental health care of children and adolescents; (2) examine harms associated with these strategies; and (3) determine whether effectiveness or harms differ for subgroups based on system, organizational, practitioner, or patient characteristics...
July 24, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738746/how-do-clinical-competency-committees-use-different-sources-of-data-to-assess-residents-performance-on-the-internal-medicine-milestones-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#7
Andem Ekpenyong, Elizabeth Baker, Ilene Harris, Ara Tekian, Richard Abrams, Shalini Reddy, Yoon Soo Park
PURPOSE: This study examines how Clinical Competency Committees (CCCs) synthesize assessment data to make judgments about residents' clinical performances. METHODS: Between 2014 and 2015, after four six-month reporting periods to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), 7 of 16 CCC faculty at Rush University Medical Center completed questionnaires focused on their perspectives about rating residents on their achievement of the milestones and participated in a focus group...
July 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#8
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736400/what-distinguishes-a-competent-doctor-in-medical-education
#9
Paulo Santos, Luís Alves, José Augusto Simões
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736399/competency-based-medical-education-studying-live-anatomy-by-ultrasound
#10
Graziano Serrao, Massimo Tassoni, Alberto M Magenta-Biasina, Antonio G Mantero, Antonino M Previtera, Michela C Turci, Elia M Biganzoli, Emanuela M Bertolini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735552/a-prospective-study-on-the-effect-of-sport-specialization-on-lower-extremity-injury-rates-in-high-school-athletes
#11
Timothy A McGuine, Eric G Post, Scott J Hetzel, M Alison Brooks, Stephanie Trigsted, David R Bell
BACKGROUND: Sport specialization is associated with an increased risk of musculoskeletal lower extremity injuries (LEIs) in adolescent athletes presenting in clinical settings. However, sport specialization and the incidence of LEIs have not been investigated prospectively in a large population of adolescent athletes. PURPOSE: To determine if sport specialization was associated with an increased risk of LEIs in high school athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733154/community-pharmacists-knowledge-of-alzheimer-disease-care-in-high-and-low-income-chicago
#12
Marketa Marvanova, Paul Jacob Henkel
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study examined community pharmacists' knowledge to provide care and services for persons with Alzheimer disease (AD) and area income-based disparities in knowledge and availability of cognitive enhancers. METHODS: A cross-sectional telephone survey of pharmacies (n = 137) in high- and low-income areas in Chicago was conducted on pharmacists' degree, experience, and continuing education, as well as knowledge of AD disease and treatment expectations, adverse effects (AEs) of donepezil, and self-care recommendations for insomnia...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733060/developing-a-canadian-curriculum-for-simulation-based-education-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-a-delphi-study
#13
Catherine Craig, Glenn D Posner
OBJECTIVE: As obstetrics and gynaecology (Ob/Gyn) residency training programs move towards a competence-based approach to training and assessment, the development of a national standardized simulation curriculum is essential. The primary goal of this study was to define the fundamental content for the Canadian Obstetrics and Gynecology Simulation curriculum. METHODS: A modified Delphi technique was used to achieve consensus in three rounds by surveying residency program directors or their local simulation educator delegates in 16 accredited Canadian Ob/Gyn residency programs...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732236/neighborhood-ses-is-particularly-important-to-the-cardiovascular-health-of-low-ses-individuals
#14
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Stephanie A Robert
RATIONALE: Health disparities defined by neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) are well established; it is less well understood whether neighborhood SES is differentially associated with health depending on one's own SES. OBJECTIVE: The double jeopardy hypothesis, collective resources model, fundamental cause theory, and relative deprivation hypothesis support differential patterns of association between neighborhood and individual SES with health. The first three models suggest that higher neighborhood SES predicts health more strongly among lower, as compared to higher, SES individuals...
July 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730727/better-arthritis-care-patients-expectations-and-priorities-the-competencies-that-community-based-health-professionals-need-to-improve-their-care-of-people-with-arthritis
#15
J Erwin, K Edwards, A Woolf, S Whitcombe, S Kilty
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to identify the competencies that patients think non-specialist community-based nurses and allied health professionals (AHPs) need to enable them to assess, care for and manage arthritis appropriately. METHODS: Four face-to-face focus groups were held with a total of 16 women and nine men with arthritis, to discuss the care they received from community-based health professionals, the skills and knowledge they expected from community-based health professionals and what they prioritized...
July 21, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729009/development-of-entrustable-professional-activities-for-hospice-and-palliative-medicine-fellowship-training-in-the-united-states
#16
Lindy H Landzaat, Michael D Barnett, Gary T Buckholz, Jillian L Gustin, Jennifer M Hwang, Stacie K Levine, Tomasz Okon, Steven M Radwany, Holly B Yang, John Encandela, Laura J Morrison
CONTEXT: Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) represent the key physician tasks of a specialty. Once a trainee demonstrates competence in an activity, they can then be 'entrusted' to practice without supervision(1). A physician workgroup of the American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine (AAHPM) sought to define Hospice and Palliative Medicine (HPM) EPAs. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of a set of consensus EPAs for HPM fellowship training in the United States...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728458/a-low-fidelity-serious-game-for-medical-based-cultural-competence-education
#17
Zain Khan, Bill Kapralos
Research has shown that the quality of care is compromised when healthcare providers respond inappropriately to patient language and cultural factors. However, research indicates that medical education is not keeping pace with the changing composition of the patient population in culturally diverse societies such as Canada and the United States, and many healthcare providers do not possess the attitudes or skills required to be effective within a culturally diverse healthcare setting. Here, we present Fydlyty, a web-based, low-fidelity serious game for medical-based cultural competence education...
July 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728430/patient-handoff-education-are-medical-schools-catching-up
#18
Robyn Davis, Joshua Davis, Katherine Berg, Dale Berg, Charity J Morgan, Stefani Russo, Lee Ann Riesenberg
Communication errors during shift-to-shift handoffs are a leading cause of preventable adverse events. Nevertheless, handoff skills are variably taught at medical schools. The authors administered questionnaires on handoffs to interns during orientation. Questions focused on medical school handoff education, experiences, and perceptions. The majority (546/718) reported having some form of education on handoffs during medical school, with 48% indicating this was 1 hour or less. Most respondents (98%) reported that they believe patients experience adverse events because of inadequate handoffs, and more than one third had witnessed a patient safety issue...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727944/computer-based-case-simulations-for-assessment-in-health-care-a-literature-review-of-validity-evidence
#19
Robyn C Ward, Timothy J Muckle, Michael J Kremer, Mary Anne Krogh
Simulation for education and training in health-care professions has been widely applied. However, its value as an assessment tool for competence is not fully known. Logistical barriers of simulation-based assessments have led some health-care organizations to utilize computer-based case simulations (CCSs) for assessment. This article provides a review of the literature on the identification of psychometrically sound, CCS instruments designed to measure decision-making competence in health-care professionals...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727271/the-effectiveness-of-an-initial-continuing-education-course-in-leadership-for-dentists
#20
P Roig Jornet, E Kalenderian
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the effectiveness of a continuing education course in leadership presented to postdoctoral dentist-leaders. METHODS: The authors developed a 3-day course on leadership and management with topics including self-awareness, leadership qualities, emotional intelligence, communication skills, social skills, conflict management, personal branding, quality improvement and team motivation. Twenty-two course participants with a median age of 37...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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