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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241329/osteopathic-medical-student-practice-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-during-school-break
#1
Stacey Pierce-Talsma, R Mitchell Hiserote, Gregg Lund
CONTEXT: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is integral in osteopathic medical education. The timing of the loss of interest, leading to decreasing clinical use, is unclear. Osteopathic medical students' activities during laboratories or rotations are determined by laboratory or preceptor requirements and do not characterize students' interest in or how they value OMT. Students who practice OMT when they are not required to may demonstrate that they are interested in, perceive a positive value of, and have confidence in using OMT...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240693/clinical-simulation-learning-in-critical-care
#2
Kerstin Hudgins
Nurses are expected to master many skills, especially in critical care; thus, competency is crucial. Clinical educators must determine whether nurses who are new to the skill set have attained an acceptable level of achievement in performance; hence, are they capable of providing quality and safe patient care? Simulation learning is used in the hospital setting and largely in academic centers. Strategies include for the instructor to acquire an aspect of abilities and deficits as a basis upon which to create learning experiences that enable nurses to develop essential clinical competence...
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240385/are-health-visitors-observations-of-early-parent-infant-interactions-reliable-a-cross-sectional-design
#3
Ingeborg H Kristensen, Tea Trillingsgaard, Marianne Simonsen, Hanne Kronborg
Health visitors need competences to promote healthy early parent-infant relationships. The aims of this study were to explore whether there are differences between groups of health visitors with and without additional parenting program education in terms of their knowledge of infant-parent interaction and their observation and assessment skills of such interactions. The cross-sectional study included 36 health visitors' certified Marte Meo therapists and 85 health visitors without additional parenting program education...
February 27, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239002/racial-dynamics-and-cultural-competence-training-in-medical-and-pharmacy-education
#4
Margarita Echeverri, Theresa Dise
Using the Self-Assessment of Perceived Level of Cultural Competence (SAPLCC) questionnaire, frequencies, means, and ANOVAS were determined to create medical and pharmacy student profiles of cultural competence. Profiles were used to identify needs for training and underscore critical issues that should be given priority in the curriculum. Significant differences were found in several domains of cultural competence (knowledge, skills, attitudes, and abilities); they may be explained by differences in the implementation of a pilot curriculum, the racial composition of students in both programs, and other characteristics...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238704/effectiveness-of-a-perioperative-transthoracic-ultrasound-training-program-for-students-and-residents
#5
Juliet June Ray, Jonathan P Meizoso, Valerie Hart, Davis Horkan, Vicente Behrens, Krishnamurti A Rao, Charles A Karcutskie, Joshua Lenchus, Carl I Schulman, Roman Dudaryk
OBJECTIVE: Focused ultrasound (US) is being incorporated across all levels of medical education. Although many comprehensive US courses exist, their scope is broad, requiring expert instructors, access to simulation, and extensive time commitment by the learner. We aim to compare learning across levels of training and specialties using a goal-directed, web-based course without live skills training. DESIGN: A prospective observational study of students and residents from medicine, surgery, and anesthesiology...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237706/fairness-and-respect-in-nurse-educators-work-nursing-students-perceptions
#6
Leena Salminen, Jenni Rinne, Minna Stolt, Helena Leino-Kilpi
This study describes how the ethical principles of fairness and respect come true in the work of nurse educators from the perspective of nursing students. Nurse educators' competence of professional ethics is important in providing an ethical role model to nursing students and to professionals in the field of health care. The descriptive cross-sectional study design was used. The data were collected from graduating nursing students (n = 202) in Finland with an internet-based questionnaire consisting of 22 structured questions with 5-point Likert scale...
February 20, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236930/an-intensive-vascular-surgical-skills-and-simulation-course-for-vascular-trainees-improves-procedural-knowledge-and-self-rated-procedural-competence
#7
William P Robinson, Danielle R Doucet, Jessica P Simons, Allison Wyman, Francesco A Aiello, Elias Arous, Andres Schanzer, Louis M Messina
BACKGROUND: Surgical skills and simulation courses are emerging to meet the demand for vascular simulation training for vascular surgical skills, but their educational effect has not yet been described. We sought to determine the effect of an intensive vascular surgical skills and simulation course on the procedural knowledge and self-rated procedural competence of vascular trainees and to assess participant feedback regarding the course. METHODS: Participants underwent a 1...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235968/advanced-practice-nursing-competency-assessment-instrument-apncai-clinimetric-validation
#8
Pedro Sastre-Fullana, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Albert Sesé-Abad, Miquel Bennasar-Veny, Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez, Joan De Pedro-Gómez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and clinimetric validation of the Advanced Practice Nursing Competency Assessment Instrument (APNCAI) through several evidence sources about reliability and validity in the Spanish context. DESIGN AND SETTING: APNCAI development was based on a multisequential and systematic process: literature review, instrument content consensus through qualitative Delphi method approach (a panel of 51 Advanced Practice in Nursing -APN- experts was selected) and the clinimetric validation process based on a sample of 600 nurses from the Balearic Islands public healthcare setting...
February 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228370/enhancing-doctors-competencies-in-communication-with-and-activation-of-older-patients-the-promoting-active-aging-practa-computer-based-intervention-study
#9
Dorota Wlodarczyk, Joanna Chylińska, Magdalena Lazarewicz, Marta Rzadkiewicz, Mariusz Jaworski, Miroslawa Adamus, Gørill Haugan, Monica Lillefjell, Geir Arild Espnes
BACKGROUND: Demographic changes over the past decades call for the promotion of health and disease prevention for older patients, as well as strategies to enhance their independence, productivity, and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the effects of a computer-based educational intervention designed for general practitioners (GPs) to promote active aging. METHODS: The Promoting Active Aging (PRACTA) study consisted of a baseline questionnaire, implementation of an intervention, and a follow-up questionnaire that was administered 1 month after the intervention...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228144/incorporating-one-health-into-medical-education
#10
EDITORIAL
Peter M Rabinowitz, Barbara J Natterson-Horowitz, Laura H Kahn, Richard Kock, Marguerite Pappaioanou
One Health is an emerging concept that stresses the linkages between human, animal, and environmental health, as well as the need for interdisciplinary communication and collaboration to address health issues including emerging zoonotic diseases, climate change impacts, and the human-animal bond. It promotes complex problem solving using a systems framework that considers interactions between humans, animals, and their shared environment. While many medical educators may not yet be familiar with the concept, the One Health approach has been endorsed by a number of major medical and public health organizations and is beginning to be implemented in a number of medical schools...
February 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228116/examination-of-motor-skill-competency-in-students-evidence-based-physical-education-curriculum
#11
Weiyun Chen, Austin Hammond-Bennett, Andrew Hypnar
BACKGROUND: Researchers found that children with a competent level of motor skill performance are more likely to be physically active. This study examined how well K-1 students demonstrated motor skill competency in relation to Physical Education Content Standard 1. METHODS: Participants were K-1 grade students (N = 1,223-1,588; boys = 568-857; girls = 526-695; Mean age = 5.5 yrs old) who were enrolled in nine elementary schools. The K-1 students' motor skill competency in running, weight transferring, hand dribbling, and underhand catching skills was assessed using four PE Metrics skill assessment rubrics in the intervention year 1 and year 2, respectively...
February 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225731/queer-frontiers-in-medicine-a-structural-competency-approach
#12
Cameron A Donald, Sayantani DasGupta, Jonathan M Metzl, Kristen L Eckstrand
In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) published a report proposing qualifiers of competence to guide medical educators towards training physicians to appropriately care for individuals who are or may be lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT); gender nonconforming (GNC); and/or born with differences in sex development (DSD). These qualifiers provide content and context to an existing framework heavily used in competency-based medical education, emphasizing individual and interpersonal abilities to enhance care delivered to individuals identifying as LGBT, GNC, and/or born with DSD...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225462/validity-evidence-from-ratings-of-pediatric-interns-and-subinterns-on-a-subset-of-pediatric-milestones
#13
Teri L Turner, Vasudha L Bhavaraju, Ulana A Luciw-Dubas, Patricia J Hicks, Sara Multerer, Amanda Osta, Jennifer McDonnell, Sue Poynter, Daniel J Schumacher, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Linda Waggoner-Fountain, Alan Schwartz
PURPOSE: To investigate evidence for validity of faculty members' pediatric milestone (PM) ratings of interns (first-year residents) and subinterns (fourth-year medical students) on nine subcompetencies related to readiness to serve as a pediatric intern in the inpatient setting. METHOD: The Association of Pediatric Program Directors Longitudinal Educational Assessment Research Network (APPD LEARN) and the National Board of Medical Examiners collaborated to investigate the utility of assessments of the PMs for trainees' performance...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225460/professional-development-perceptions-and-practices-among-u-s-physicians-a-cross-specialty-national-survey
#14
David A Cook, Morris J Blachman, David W Price, Colin P West, Richard A Berger, Christopher M Wittich
PURPOSE: Professional development (PD)-both for-credit continuing medical education (CME) and informal self-directed or point-of-care learning-is vital to all physicians. The authors sought to understand physicians' PD perceptions and practices and how these vary by specialty and practice type. METHOD: The authors administered an Internet and paper survey, from September 2015 to April 2016, to randomly sampled U.S. physicians. Survey items addressed perceived PD needs and barriers and how physicians identify knowledge/skills gaps...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224397/food-safety-instruction-improves-knowledge-and-behavior-risk-and-protection-factors-for-foodborne-illnesses-in-pregnant-populations
#15
Patricia Kendall, Robert Scharff, Susan Baker, Jeffrey LeJeune, John Sofos, Lydia Medeiros
Objective This study compared knowledge and food-handling behavior after pathogen-specific (experimental treatment) versus basic food safety instruction (active control) presented during nutrition education classes for low-income English- and Spanish-language pregnant women. Methods Subjects (n = 550) were randomly assigned to treatment groups in two different locations in the United States. Food safety instruction was part of an 8-lesson curriculum. Food safety knowledge and behavior were measured pre/post intervention...
February 21, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223855/perception-of-educational-value-in-clinical-rotations-by-medical-students
#16
David A Kandiah
AIM: Clinical teaching in Australian medical schools has changed to meet the needs of substantially increased medical student cohorts. As such, formal feedback from these student cohorts is needed about the value they place on the educational input from each clinical rotation. This study aims to determine which aspects of clinical placements are most educationally useful to medical students. METHODS: In this study, final year medical students from the University of Western Australia (UWA) were surveyed via an anonymous online questionnaire, identifying which clinical placements were found to be the most and the least useful to their learning and the positive aspects of these placements...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222994/palliative-care-and-palliative-radiation-therapy-education-in-radiation-oncology-a-survey-of-us-radiation-oncology-program-directors
#17
Randy L Wei, Lauren E Colbert, Joshua Jones, Margarita Racsa, Gabrielle Kane, Steve Lutz, Neha Vapiwala, Kavita V Dharmarajan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the state of palliative and supportive care (PSC) and palliative radiation therapy (RT) educational curricula in radiation oncology residency programs in the United States. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We surveyed 87 program directors of radiation oncology residency programs in the United States between September 2015 and November 2015. An electronic survey on PSC and palliative RT education during residency was sent to all program directors...
December 1, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222941/diabetes-and-lifetime-risk-of-stroke-and-subtypes-in-an-urban-middle-aged-population
#18
Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Tomonori Okamura, Nahid Rumana, Arfan Raheen Afzal, Makoto Watanabe, Aya Higashiyama, Yoko M Nakao, Michikazu Nakai, Misa Takegami, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Akira Okayama, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
AIMS: Lifetime risk (LTR) is defined as the cumulative probability of developing a disease in one's remaining lifetime from a given index age. The impact of diabetes on the LTR of stroke events in Asians, where stroke incidence is higher than for Westerners, has not been estimated yet. These estimates can be useful for diabetes knowledge translation activities. METHODS: All participants who were stroke-free at baseline in the Suita Study, a cohort study of cardiovascular diseases in Japan, were included in the study sample...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222721/patient-satisfaction-with-doctor-patient-interactions-a-mixed-methods-study-among-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-pakistan
#19
Aisha Jalil, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Florian Fischer
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction with doctor-patient interactions is an indicator of physicians' competence. The satisfaction of diabetes patients is rarely studied in public diabetes clinics of Pakistan. Thus, this study aims to analyse the association between patient satisfaction and five dimensions of medical interaction: technical expertise, interpersonal aspects, communication, consultation time, and access/availability. METHODS: A cross-sectional mixed methods study was conducted during July and August 2015 in the largest public diabetes outpatient clinic in Punjab province...
February 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222273/competencies-in-european-gerontological-higher-education-an-explorative-study-on-core-elements
#20
Eric C Schoenmakers, Joann Damron-Rodriguez, Janet C Frank, Birgit Pianosi, Jan S Jukema
This study explores whether there is a common core of competencies in European gerontology education programs by doing a cross-comparison of five undergraduate-level programs. Content analysis of competency profile documents at the five European educational programs were studied using thematic analysis. Study results document that there indeed is a common core of elements in gerontological educational programs. Three clusters which included a total of 15 categories were identified. The clusters were labeled professional attitude, communication skills, and service provision...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
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