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Liver abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777536/periodontitis-and-dental-scaling-associated-with-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-population-based-case-control-study
#1
Y-T Yeh, B-Y Wang, C-W Lin, S-F Yang, S-W Ho, H-W Yeh, J-Y Huang, Y-C Chang, C-B Yeh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between periodontitis, dental scaling (DS) and pyogenic liver abscesses (PLAs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A nationwide population-based case-control study was applied using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. We identified and enrolled 691 PLA patients, who were individually matched by age and sex to 2764 controls. RESULTS: Conditional logistic regression was applied to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) in patients with exposure to periodontitis and DS before PLA...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770584/pure-laparoscopic-right-hemihepatectomy-using-the-caudodorsal-side-approach-with-videos
#2
Koki Maeda, Goro Honda, Masanao Kurata, Yuki Homma, Manami Doi, Jun Yamamoto, Yusuke Ome
BACKGROUND: In our process of standardizing laparoscopic right hemihepatectomy (Lap-RH), we found several advantages of the laparoscopic caudate lobe first approach by utilizing a unique laparoscopic caudodorsal view. METHODS: Between April 2012 and October 2017, 21 patients underwent pure Lap-RH at our hospital. The mean patient age was 62 years (range, 36-75 years), and there were more male than female patients (66.7%). Of 21 patients, 11 had hepatocellular carcinoma, 8 had metastatic tumor, and the other 2 had focal nodular hyperplasia and refractory liver abscess...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761214/analysis-of-resistance-genes-of-clinical-pannonibacter-phragmitetus-strain-31801-by-complete-genome-sequencing
#3
De-Song Ming, Qing-Qing Chen, Xiao-Tin Chen
To clarify the resistance mechanisms of Pannonibacter phragmitetus 31801, isolated from the blood of a liver abscess patient, at the genomic level, we performed whole genomic sequencing using a PacBio RS II single-molecule real-time long-read sequencer. Bioinformatic analysis of the resulting sequence was then carried out to identify any possible resistance genes. Analyses included Basic Local Alignment Search Tool searches against the Antibiotic Resistance Genes Database, ResFinder analysis of the genome sequence, and Resistance Gene Identifier analysis within the Comprehensive Antibiotic Resistance Database...
May 14, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756637/withdrawal-of-immunosuppressant-or-biologic-therapy-for-patients-with-quiescent-crohn-s-disease
#4
REVIEW
Ray K Boyapati, Joana Torres, Carolina Palmela, Claire E Parker, Orli M Silverberg, Sonam D Upadhyaya, Tran M Nguyen, Jean-Frédéric Colombel
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, relapsing and remitting disease of the gastrointestinal tract that can cause significant morbidity and disability. Current treatment guidelines recommend early intervention with immunosuppressant or biological therapy in high-risk patients with a severe disease phenotype at presentation. The feasibility of therapeutic de-escalation once remission is achieved is a commonly encountered question in clinical practice, driven by patient and clinician concerns regarding safety, adverse events, cost and national regulations...
May 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742715/liver-abscess-caused-by-clostridium-haemolyticum-infection-after-transarterial-chemoembolization-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-case-report
#5
Dong-Jun Son, Ji-Yun Hong, Ki-Hyun Kim, Young-Hoon Jeong, Dae-Seong Myung, Sung-Bum Cho, Wan-Sik Lee, Yang-Jun Kang, Jin-Woong Kim, Young-Eun Joo
RATIONALE: Liver abscesses caused by Clostridium species infection are extremely rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: The authors report the first case of a liver abscess due to Clostridium haemolyticum, which occurred after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma, in a 76-year-old woman who presented with right upper quadrant pain and fever. DIAGNOSES: Computed tomography of the abdomen after the second TACE showed an air-filled abscess around a compact, lipiodolized lesion in the right hepatic lobe...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742700/characteristics-and-management-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-european-experience
#6
Cristina Serraino, Chiara Elia, Christian Bracco, Gianluca Rinaldi, Fulvio Pomero, Alberto Silvestri, Remo Melchio, Luigi Maria Fenoglio
Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) are space-occupying lesions in the liver associated with high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to review an Italian hospital experience in epidemiological, clinical patterns, and management of PLA.We performed a retrospective, descriptive case series at a single center assessing demographic characteristics, presentation patterns, etiological factors, microbiological etiology, and management for patients treated for PLA between 2000 and 2016.Around 109 patients were identified...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739480/development-of-a-sensitive-immunochromatographic-kit-using-fluorescent-silica-nanoparticles-for-rapid-serodiagnosis-of-amebiasis
#7
Hiroshi Tachibana, Azumi Kakino, Makoto Kazama, Meng Feng, Satomi Asai, Kazuo Umezawa, Tsukasa Nozaki, Takashi Makiuchi, Takayuki Kamada, Hideki Watanabe, Noriyuki Horiki, Xunjia Cheng, Gohta Masuda
We have previously shown that the C-terminal region of the intermediate subunit of Entamoeba histolytica galactose- and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-inhibitable lectin (C-Igl) is a useful antigen for serodiagnosis of amebiasis. An immunochromatographic kit was developed using fluorescent silica nanoparticles coated with C-Igl prepared in Escherichia coli. Samples for examination were added to the freeze-dried particles and then applied to the immunochromatographic device, in which a test line on the membrane was also coated with C-Igl...
May 9, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737954/-90-y-radioembolization-for-hepatic-malignancy-in-patients-with-previous-biliary-intervention-multicenter-analysis-of-hepatobiliary-infections
#8
Kavi K Devulapalli, Nicholas Fidelman, Michael C Soulen, Matthew Miller, Matthew S Johnson, Eric Addo, Ghassan El-Haddad, Charles Nutting, James Morrison, Khashayar Farsad, R Peter Lokken, Ron C Gaba, Jacob Fleming, Daniel B Brown, Sharon W Kwan, Steven C Rose, Kevin A Pennycooke, David M Liu, Sarah B White, Ripal Gandhi, Ann A Lazar, Robert K Kerlan
Purpose To determine the frequency of hepatobiliary infections after transarterial radioembolization (TARE) with yttrium 90 (90 Y) in patients with liver malignancy and a history of biliary intervention. Materials and Methods For this retrospective study, records of all consecutive patients with liver malignancy and history of biliary intervention treated with TARE at 14 centers between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed. Data regarding liver function, 90 Y dosimetry, antibiotic prophylaxis, and bowel preparation prophylaxis were collected...
May 8, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724521/chemoembolization-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-drug-eluting-polyethylene-glycol-embolic-agents-single-center-retrospective-analysis-in-302-patients
#9
Filipe Veloso Gomes, João A Oliveira, Mariana Tomé Correia, Nuno Vasco Costa, João Abrantes, Daniel Torres, Pedro Pereira, Ana Isabel Ferreira, José Hugo Luz, Erik Spaepen, Tiago Bilhim, Élia Coimbra
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transarterial chemoembolization with polyethylene glycol (PEG) drug-eluting embolic agents in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective study of 302 patients (258 men; 85.4%) with HCC treated during a 20-month period was conducted. The mean patient age was 66 years ± 10; 142 (47%) had Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage A disease and 134 had (44.4%) stage B disease; 174 (57...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724518/response-and-overall-survival-for-yttrium-90-radioembolization-of-hepatic-sarcoma-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#10
Matthew D Miller, Daniel Y Sze, Siddharth A Padia, Robert J Lewandowski, Riad Salem, Philani Mpofu, Paul M Haste, Matthew S Johnson
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of yttrium-90 transarterial radioembolization (TARE) for the treatment of primary and metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (STS) of the liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 39 patients with primary (n = 2) and metastatic (n = 37) hepatic STS treated with TARE at 4 institutions was performed. Fourteen STS subtypes were included, with leiomyosarcoma being the most common (51%). TARE with glass (22 patients) or resin (17 patients) microspheres was performed, with single lobe (17 patients) or bilobar treatment (22 patients) based on disease burden...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718254/effects-of-intermittent-feeding-of-tylosin-phosphate-during-the-finishing-period-on-feedlot-performance-carcass-characteristics-antimicrobial-resistance-and-incidence-and-severity-of-liver-abscesses-in-steers
#11
H C Müller, C L Van Bibber-Krueger, O J Ogunrinu, R G Amachawadi, H M Scott, J S Drouillard
Liver abscesses (LA) are a source of economic loss for feedlot cattle feedlots, and the 2017 veterinary feed directive has restricted further use of tylosin phosphate to prevention and control of LA. Our objective was to evaluate effects of intermittent tylosin phosphate feeding on incidence and severity of liver abscesses in feedlot cattle and presence of total antimicrobial resistant Enterococcus spp. Steers (n=312, 411.4 ± 6.71 kg) were blocked by initial BW and randomly assigned to a treatment group. Treatments included a negative control group (no tylosin phosphate throughout the finishing period), a positive control group (tylosin phosphate fed continuously throughout the finishing period), and a group that received tylosin phosphate off-label by feeding the drug on a repeated intermittent basis (1 week on, 2 weeks off)...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707524/the-value-of-ozone-in-ct-guided-drainage-of-multiloculated-pyogenic-liver-abscesses-a-randomized-controlled-study
#12
Bing Li, Chuan Liu, Lang Wang, Yang Li, Yong Du, Chuan Zhang, Xiao-Xue Xu, Han Feng Yang
Objective: This study was designed to compare the effects of catheter drainage alone and combined with ozone in the management of multiloculated pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). Methods: The prospective study included 60 patients diagnosed with multiloculated PLA. All patients were randomly divided into two groups: catheter drainage alone (group I) and catheter drainage combined with ozone (group II). Drainage was considered successful when (1) the abscess cavity was drained and (2) clinical symptoms were resolved...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707074/hepatobiliary-manifestations-and-complications-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Fotios S Fousekis, Vasileios I Theopistos, Konstantinos H Katsanos, Epameinondas V Tsianos, Dimitrios K Christodoulou
Liver and biliary track diseases are common extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), reported both in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, and may occur at any time during the natural course of the disease. Their etiology is mainly related to pathophysiological changes induced by IBD, and secondary, due to drugs used in IBD. Fatty liver is considered as the most frequent hepatobiliary manifestation in IBD, while primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is the most correlated hepatobiliary disorder and is more prevalent in patients with ulcerative colitis...
April 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706827/hepatocellular-carcinoma-disguised-as-liver-abscesses
#14
Jasmine Gowarty, Arshad Ghauri, George Martinez, Angela L Birdwell
The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is growing rapidly in the United States. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis are being increasingly recognized as known risk factors for the development of HCC. However, this risk seems to be associated with their progression to cirrhosis. This case demonstrates an unusual initial presentation of HCC masquerading as liver abscesses in a previously healthy woman with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease without cirrhosis. Our patient's clinical presentation was suspicious for an infectious etiology due to her ongoing fever in the setting of possible zoonotic transmission, because she had just acquired two unvaccinated kittens...
April 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703833/-streptococcus-anginosus-endocarditis-and-multiple-liver-abscesses-in-a-splenectomised-patient
#15
Talya Finn, Ami Schattner, Ina Dubin, Regev Cohen
An unusual case of infective endocarditis and concurrent multiple liver abscesses both caused by Streptococcus anginosus in a splenectomised patient is reported. The microorganism is a very rare cause of endocarditis and its presentation with multiple liver abscesses is highly unusual. It was initially misdiagnosed as Streptococcus sanguinis and issues relating to the different clinical presentations of S. anginosus including the rare cases of endocarditis, the role of the patient's splenectomy and problems that may contribute to its potential laboratory misidentifications are discussed...
April 27, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703611/-amoebosis-may-sexual-transmission-be-an-underestimated-way-of-contamination
#16
B Lohberger Timsit, A Deroux, M Lugosi, B Colombe, L Bouillet
INTRODUCTION: Amoebiasis is a cosmopolitan disease and the third most deadly of parasitic diseases. Entamoeba histolytica is the only one to be pathogenic. Its transmission is not only related to the faecal peril but also sexual, with cases described among men who have sex with men. A case of unusual sexual transmission is described in this article, aiming to discuss the impact of these ways of transmitting amoebiasis on patient management. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of an amebic liver abscess in a 27-years-old man who did not travel in endemic areas...
April 24, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697677/-endovascular-procedures-in-pancreatic-surgery
#17
A Sh Revishvili, A G Kriger, D S Gorin, A B Varava, A A Goev, S V Berelavichus, A V Smirnov, E A Akhtanin
AIM: To evaluate an effectiveness of endovascular techniques in pancreatic surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For the period 1995-2017 at Vishnevsky Institute of Surgery endovascular treatment (EVT) was applied in 51 patients with chronic pancreatitis complicated by false aneurysms (FA) and postoperative hemorrhage after pancreatectomy. Various methods of embolization and stenting were used in 24 and 11 cases respectively in order to exclude FA of celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery from blood flow...
2018: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693938/point-of-care-abdominal-ultrasound
#18
Jiro Hata
Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in the diagnoses of postoperative complications is discussed. POCUS is useful in many situations such as abdominal distension, elevated liver enzymes, abdominal pain, and fever, which are the common complications encountered after surgical operations. In the patients with abdominal distention, bowel distention or ascites can be easily detected by POCUS. Occasionally, congestive liver and milk of calcium bile caused by the administration of antibiotics cause elevated liver enzymes, and both of these can also be detected by POCUS...
May 2017: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692514/hepatic-abscess-rupture-into-the-pyelocalyceal-system-of-right-kidney
#19
Mohd Ilyas, Zubair Ahmad, Muzain Khateeb
A 42-year old male patient presented with the complaints of right lumbar pain, high-grade fever, burning micturition and pyuria for past 4 days. He was diagnosed with a liver abscess which had ruptured into the superior pole of right kidney.
April 2018: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684096/toxic-effects-of-arsenic-trioxide-on-echinococcus-granulosus-protoscoleces-through-ros-production-and-ca2-er-stress-dependent-apoptosis
#20
Jiajie Li, Guangyao Tang, Wenjuan Qin, Rentan Yang, Rongji Ma, Bin Ma, Jianfeng Wei, Hailong Lv, Yufeng Jiang
Cystic echinococcosis is a severe parasitic disease that commonly affects the liver and causes abscesses or rupture into the surrounding tissues, leading to multiple complications, such as shock, severe abdominal pain, and post-treatment abscess recurrence. Currently, there are no efficient measures to prevent these complications. We previously confirmed that arsenic trioxide (As2O3) exhibited in vitro cytotoxicity against Echinococcus granulosus protoscoleces. In the present study, we aimed to explore the mechanism of As2O3-induced E...
April 19, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
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