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"purpose in life"

Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Jenny M Cundiff, Karen P Jakubowski, Dustin A Pardini, Karen A Matthews
Background: Exposure to low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood predicts increased morbidity and mortality. However, little prospective evidence is available to test pathways linking low childhood SES to adult health. Purpose: In the current study, indirect effects through positive parenting in adolescence and adult SES were tested in the association between childhood SES and adult health behaviors and psychological resources. Methods: Men (n = 305; 53% Black) were followed longitudinally from ages 7 to 32...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Xiuyan Lan, Huimin Xiao, Ying Chen, Xiaoling Zhang
The current study aimed to examine the effects of life review intervention on life satisfaction and personal meaning among frail older adults. Seventy-four participants were randomly assigned to either the intervention or control group. The intervention group received the Haight Structured Life Review with modified guiding questions and memory prompts. The control group received usual nursing home care. The Life Satisfaction Index A and Purpose in Life Test questionnaires were administered at baseline and immediately after the intervention...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Courtney A Polenick, Helen C Kales, Kira S Birditt
Background: Greater feelings of purpose in life are associated with better health and may reduce the negative impact of chronic stress. Yet little is known about how purpose in life may buffer the negative effects of caregiving, a common chronic stressor in middle and later life. Methods: This cross-sectional study utilized a U.S. sample of 315 spousal caregivers and their partners with functional disability drawn from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study and National Study of Caregiving to examine how both parties' perceptions of purpose in life are associated with caregivers' emotional and physical caregiving difficulties...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Sarah Marone, Katherine Bloore, Paola Sebastiani, Christopher Flynn, Brittany Leonard, Kelsey Whitaker, Marilyn Mostowy, Thomas Perls, Stacy L Andersen
Objectives: Purpose in life (PIL), a feeling of meaning and direction in life, is associated with favorable health outcomes including lower mortality and reduced risk of disease, disability, and cognitive impairment. Since centenarian offspring have been shown to have long health spans we sought to examine whether they have higher PIL than individuals without familial longevity. Method: We compared PIL scores from the Ryff Scales of Psychological Well-Being in centenarian offspring from the New England Centenarian Study (N=361, mean age=82...
March 7, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Marta Bassi, Antonella Delle Fave, Irene Cetin, Erika Melchiorri, Melissa Pozzo, Francesca Vescovelli, Chiara Ruini
BACKGROUND: The bulk of research on motherhood has focused on perinatal depression, largely overlooking indicators of women's positive mental health which can likewise have pervasive consequences on family functioning. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to address this issue by exploring the impact of parity and childbirth on both women's perinatal depression and psychological well-being. METHODS: A convenience sample of 81 women was followed during pregnancy (Time 1) and postpartum (Time 2)...
April 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Kathryn Abramoski, Jennifer Pierce, Corinne Hauck, Sarah Stoddard
Purpose in life (PIL) promotes positive development and is associated with decreased substance use. However, to our knowledge, researchers have not investigated how different categories of PIL are associated with substance use behavior among youth. Therefore, we sought to explore categories of PIL and how they are related to substance use in a sample of adolescents. Ninth through 12th-grade students from a high school in a Midwest suburban community completed a paper-and-pencil survey ( n = 408, Mage = 15.36, SD = 1...
April 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Anise M S Wu, Juliet Honglei Chen, Kwok-Kit Tong, Shu Yu, Joseph T F Lau
Background and aims Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has been mainly studied among adolescents, and no research to date has examined its prevalence in general Chinese adult populations. This study estimated the prevalence of probable IGD in community-dwelling adults in Macao, China. Associations between IGD and psychological distress (i.e., depression and anxiety) as well as IGD and character strength (i.e., psychological resilience and purpose in life) were also tested. Methods A random, representative sample of 1,000 Chinese residents (44% males; mean age = 40...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Stephen Neville, Jeffery Adams, Jed Montayre, Peter Larmer, Nick Garrett, Christine Stephens, Fiona Alpass
Loneliness as a consequence of getting older negatively impacts on the health and well-being of men as they age. Having a purpose in life may mitigate loneliness and therefore positively impact on health and well-being. Limited research into loneliness and purpose in life has been undertaken in older men. This study seeks to understand the relationship between loneliness and purpose in life in a group of older men. Using data from a cross-sectional survey of 614 men aged 60 years and over living in New Zealand, bivariate and multivariate analyses were undertaken to examine the relationship between loneliness and purpose in life using a range of demographic, health, and social connection variables...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Dorian A Lamis, Shweta Kapoor, Amanda P B Evans
Individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD) are at an increased risk of Suicidal ideation, attempts, and death. Moreover, a strong association exists between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and suicidal ideation among individuals with BD. Yet growing evidence suggests that existential well-being (EWB) may be a protective factor against suicidality. In this study, adult BD patients (N = 112) provided data on CSA, religious well-being (RWB; spiritual life in relation to God), EWB (purpose/meaning in life), and suicidal ideation...
February 12, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Tomoko Yamanouchi, Mayo Hiroshima, Yumiko Takeuchi, Yumiko Sawada, Makiko Takahashi, Manami Amagai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify factors contributing to the worsening or improved mental health of long-term evacuees over three years following the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHOD: The Japanese version of the K6 questionnaire was used as a measure of mental health. The first- and third-year survey results were compared and differences in mental health status calculated. Respondents were then divided into two groups according to worsening or improved mental health status...
February 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Wingyun Mak, Silvia Sörensen, Rachel Pruchno
Objectives: Little is known about humor and purpose in life in people with dementia. Although having a sense of humor is typically associated with positive psychological outcomes, recent evidence suggests that outcomes may vary depending on whether the humor being used is adaptive versus maladaptive. The goal of this study was to determine whether humor styles are predictive of purpose in life in people with dementia. Methods: Questionnaires were verbally administered to people with mild-to-moderate dementia to measure humor styles and purpose in life...
January 27, 2018: Gerontologist
Mary E Gannotti, Yvette Blanchard, Lisa Blumberg, Diana LaRocco
PURPOSE: To describe shared meanings of success, happiness, and health of adults with cerebral palsy and physiotherapists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethnography employed open ended/semi-structured interviews and structured questionnaires (Satisfaction with Life Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II® , Oxford Happiness Questionnaire, Life Habits Questionnaire, Medical Outcomes Study-Social Support Survey, and PROMIS® Pain Interference Scale). Content analysis of qualitative data and principal components analysis of questionnaire responses identified shared meanings...
January 25, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Georgia J Michlig, Ryan P Westergaard, Yukyan Lam, Azal Ahmadi, Gregory D Kirk, Andrew Genz, Jeanne Keruly, Heidi Hutton, Pamela J Surkan
Although the introduction of antiretroviral therapy has rendered HIV a chronic illness, inconsistent engagement in HIV care by key populations limits its public health impact. Poor engagement in care is especially prevalent among vulnerable populations with mental health and substance use disorders. Beyond structural and health system considerations, psychosocial factors may present challenges to sustained engagement. We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 31 primarily African American, urban-based individuals, many with past or current drug use and mental disorders, living with HIV...
January 17, 2018: AIDS Care
Eunkyung Yoon, Corvell Coburn, Susie A Spence
OBJECTIVES: Examine the effect of perceived discrimination (both racial and non-racial) on the mental health of older African Americans and explore the buffering role of psychological well-being (purpose in life and self-acceptance). METHODS: Using an older African American subsample from the National Health Measurement Study (n = 397), multiple regression model by gender was used to estimate the effects of two types of discrimination (every day and lifetime) on SF-36 mental component and mediating role of two concepts of psychological well-being...
January 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Angelina R Sutin, Yannick Stephan, Antonio Terracciano
OBJECTIVE: Well-being is a psychological resource that buffers against age-related disease. We test whether this protective effect extends to dementia and whether it is independent of distress. METHODS: Participants (N = 10,099) were from the Health and Retirement Study. Five aspects of positive psychological functioning (life satisfaction, optimism, mastery, purpose in life, and positive affect) were tested as predictors of incident dementia over 6 to 8 years...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Joaquín García-Alandete, Montserrat Cañabate Ros, José Heliodoro Marco Salvador, Sandra Pérez Rodríguez
The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Purpose-In-Life Test (PIL), as well as the age-related differences in meaning in life in women diagnosed with eating disorders. Participants were 250 Spanish women diagnosed with eating disorders who ranged from 12 to 60 years old. Confirmatory Factor Analysis, descriptive analyses, estimation of the internal consistency of the PIL, correlations between the PIL and the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Overweight Preoccupation Scale (OPS), and Body Investment Scale (BIS), and age differences were calculated...
December 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Hadi Hassankhani, Amin Soheili, Issa Hosseinpour, Jamal Eivazi Ziaei, Mina Nahamin
Introduction: The overwhelming effects of cancer could be catastrophic for the patients and their family members, putting them at risk of experiencing uncertainty, loss, and an interruption in life. Also, it can influence their sense of meaning, a fundamental need equated with the purpose in life. Accordingly, this study aimed to compare the meaning in life (MiL) of patients with cancer and their family members. Methods: This descriptive comparative study was conducted on 400 patients with cancer and their family members admitted to university hospitals in Tabriz and Ardebil provinces, Iran...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
Kaiser Ahmad Dar, Naved Iqbal
There is systematic and quantitative evidence that religious commitment is associated with indicators of well-being, such as positive emotions and moods, absence of negative emotions, and satisfaction with life; however, researchers remain far from a consensus regarding which mechanisms may account for these observed relationships. Although religious commitment influences well-being through many different mechanisms, meaning in life is probably the predominant one. Thus, we examined the bidimensional conceptualization of meaning in life as a potential mechanism between religious commitment and well-being...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
Anna Scelzo, Salvatore Di Somma, Paola Antonini, Lori P Montross, Nicholas Schork, David Brenner, Dilip V Jeste
OBJECTIVE: This was a study of positive psychological traits in a group of rural Italians aged 90 to 101 years, and their children or other family members. DESIGN: Mixed-methods quantitative (standardized rating scales) and qualitative (semi-structured interviews) study. SETTING: Study participants' homes in nine villages in the Cilento region of southern Italy. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine nonagenarians and centenarians and 51 family members aged 51-75 years, selected by their general practitioners as a part of a larger study called CIAO (Cilento Initiative on Aging Outcomes)...
January 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Jill B Hamilton, Nakia C Best, Jessica S Wells, Valarie C Worthy
OBJECTIVE: Among African Americans, spirituality is meaning or purpose in life and a faith in God who is in control of health and there to provide support and guidance in illness situations. Using qualitative methods, we explored the use of spirituality to make sense of the end-of-life and bereavement experiences among family members of a deceased cancer patient. METHOD: Data in this report come from 19 African Americans who experienced the loss of a family member to cancer...
December 12, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
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