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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415007/religion-spirituality-and-mental-health-of-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#1
Vanshdeep Sharma, Deborah B Marin, Harold K Koenig, Adriana Feder, Brian M Iacoviello, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: In the last three decades, there has been increased interest in studying the association between religion/spirituality (R/S), and mental health and functional outcomes. METHODS: Using data from a contemporary, nationally representative sample of 3151 U.S. military veterans maintained by GfK Knowledge Networks, Inc., we evaluated the relation between R/S and a broad range of mental health, and psychosocial variables. Veterans were grouped into three groups based on scores on the Duke University Religion Index: High R/S (weighted 11...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393542/examining-maternal-age-breastfeeding-self-efficacy-and-health-locus-of-control-in-psychological-wellbeing-of-mothers
#2
Abiodun Musbau Lawal, Erhabor Sunday Idemudia
We investigated the direct and interaction influence of maternal age, breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE), health locus of control (HLOC) on six dimensions of psychological wellbeing of breastfeeding mothers in Lagos, Nigeria. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 291 mothers attending health facilities in two suburb local government areas. The survey included socio-demographics (maternal age, marital status, ethnicity, education level and position of the baby currently breastfeeding), breastfeeding self-efficacy, health locus of control and psychological wellbeing scales...
April 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374663/efficacy-of-meaning-centered-group-psychotherapy-for-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
N van der Spek, J Vos, C F van Uden-Kraan, W Breitbart, P Cuijpers, K Holtmaat, B I Witte, R A E M Tollenaar, I M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of meaning-centered group psychotherapy for cancer survivors (MCGP-CS) to improve personal meaning, compared with supportive group psychotherapy (SGP) and care as usual (CAU). METHOD: A total of 170 cancer survivors were randomly assigned to one of the three study arms: MCGP-CS (n = 57); SGP (n = 56); CAU (n = 57). The primary outcome measure was the Personal Meaning Profile (PMP; total score). Secondary outcome measures were subscales of the PMP, psychological well-being (Scales of Psychological Well-being; SPWB), post-traumatic growth (Posttraumatic Growth Inventory), Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MAC), optimism (Life Orientation Test-Revised), hopelessness (Beck's Hopelessness Scale), psychological distress (anxiety and depression, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; HADS) and quality of life (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire; EORTC QLQ-C30)...
April 4, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343403/meaning-in-life-resilience-and-psychological-well-being-among-children-affected-by-parental-hiv
#4
Hongfei Du, Xiaoming Li, Peilian Chi, Junfeng Zhao, Guoxiang Zhao
Meaning in life has been posited to improve psychological well-being. People facing adversities can reduce psychological distress through pursuing a sense of purpose in life. However, the effectiveness of meaning in life in promoting psychological well-being has been found varied, and what factors may affect the function of meaning in life remain unclear. In this paper, the authors suggest that resilience, the positive adaptation during or following significant adversity, can strengthen the protective effects of meaning in life on psychological well-being...
March 26, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331421/factors-affecting-intention-to-undergo-dementia-screening
#5
Shinya Takeda, Maki Ota, Toshiatsu Taniguchi
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we focused on the main perception-related factors that affect people's intention to undergo dementia screening. METHODS: The 344 subjects that answered all the survey questions were included in the analysis. Data on the following variables were collected: Basic attributes such as age, sex, years of education, and number of people in the household; degree of intention to undergo dementia screening; degree of awareness of the seriousness of the consequences of dementia; degree of awareness that the person may someday develop dementia; degree of awareness of their ability to prevent dementia; availability of social support; degree of knowledge of lifestyle habits that can prevent dementia; role in the community and purpose in life...
March 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329409/spiritual-aspects-of-living-with-infertility-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#6
REVIEW
Joana Romeiro, Sílvia Caldeira, Vivienne Brady, Fiona Timmins, Jenny Hall
AIM: To identify the spiritual aspects of patients experiencing infertility and seek a deeper and broader meaning of the involuntary childlessness experience. BACKGROUND: Infertility can be the cause for a spiritual crisis among some couples. Those who endure this involuntary childlessness condition frequently experience contradictory feelings and needs. In this context, core aspects of spirituality such as meaning and purpose in life are often questioned. DESIGN: A review and synthesis of qualitative empirical research was undertaken in order to seek a deeper understanding of the spiritual aspects of patients' experiences of infertility...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327507/variation-in-older-adult-characteristics-by-residence-type-and-use-of-home-and-community-based-services
#7
Heidi H Ewen, Tiffany R Washington, Kerstin G Emerson, Andrew T Carswell, Matthew Lee Smith
Background: The majority of older adults prefer to remain in their homes, or to "age-in-place." To accomplish this goal, many older adults will rely upon home- and community-based services (HCBS) for support. However, the availability and accessibility of HCBS may differ based on whether the older adult lives in the community or in a senior housing apartment facility. Methods: This paper reports findings from the Pathways to Life Quality study of residential change and stability among seniors in upstate New York...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262657/-development-of-the-meaning-in-life-scale-for-older-adults
#8
Si Eun Lee, Gwi Ryung Son Hong
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the newly developed instrument, Meaning in Life, for elderly Korean people. METHODS: Ten older adults participated in the qualitative research used to develop the initial items. Participants for the psychometric testing were 371 community-dwelling older adults. Validity and reliability analyses included content, construct, and criterion-related validities, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192004/psychological-resources-and-glucoregulation-in-japanese-adults-findings-from-midja
#9
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Vera K Tsenkova, Yuri Miyamoto, Carol D Ryff
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between glucoregulation and 3 categories of psychological resources: hedonic well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect), eudaimonic well-being (i.e., personal growth, purpose in life, ikigai), and interdependent well-being (i.e., gratitude, peaceful disengagement, adjustment) among Japanese adults. The question is important given increases in rates of type 2 diabetes in Japan in recent years, combined with the fact that most prior studies linking psychological resources to better physical health have utilized Western samples...
May 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127002/perceived-stress-and-well-being-among-dental-hygiene-and-dental-therapy-students
#10
M Harris, J C Wilson, S Holmes, D R Radford
Aims To explore dental hygiene and dental therapy students' (DHDTS') perception of stress and well-being during their undergraduate education and establish base-line data for further studies of this group of dental professionals.Subjects and methods A questionnaire was distributed to Years 1, 2 and 3 DHDTS and final year outreach dental students (DS) (as a comparison group), at the University of Portsmouth Dental Academy (UPDA), during summer 2015. Data were collected on students' perception of levels of stress and well-being...
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045700/exploring-meaning-in-the-life-of-chinese-breast-cancer-survivors
#11
Hao-Zhi Xia, Lei Gao, Hong Yue, Bao-Xin Shi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide, and spiritual fulfillment such as experiencing meaning in life plays an important role in coping with the disease. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to explore and understand Chinese breast cancer survivors' perspective on meaning in life. METHODS: This study used Grounded Theory; 23 participants were recruited using convenience sampling, purposive sampling, and theoretical sampling...
December 30, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039802/the-impact-of-a-civic-service-program-on-biopsychosocial-outcomes-of-post-9-11-u-s-military-veterans
#12
Monica M Matthieu, Karen A Lawrence, Emma Robertson-Blackmore
Volunteering as a health promotion intervention, improves physical health, mental health, and social outcomes particularly in older adults, yet limited research exists for veterans. We conducted a preliminary study to explore whether volunteering impacts a variety of biopsychosocial outcomes, including symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, among returning military veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan. A survey enrolling a prospective cohort of United States (U.S.) veterans who served in the military after 11 September 2001 and who participated in a national civic service program was conducted...
February 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941463/understanding-spiritual-care-the-faith-hope-love-model-of-spiritual-wellness
#13
Sharon K Christman, Julia R Mueller
Spiritual care has been associated with positive patient outcomes. Although nurses want to provide spiritual care, many have difficulty conceptualizing spiritual care outside of religion and religious activities. The Faith-Hope-Love Model of Spiritual Wellness, a theoretical model of spirituality and spiritual well-being, grounded in Christian theology and biblical text, can help nurses provide spiritual support to patients and families from multiple faith traditions or those without a faith background. Spirituality concepts are discussed, and description of how spirituality is related to finding meaning and purpose in life along with a summary of the spiritual needs identified from healthcare literature and the Bible, are provided...
January 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916659/stronger-hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal-axis-habituation-predicts-lesser-sensitization-of-inflammatory-response-to-repeated-acute-stress-exposures-in-healthy-young-adults
#14
Myriam V Thoma, Danielle Gianferante, Luke Hanlin, Alexander Fiksdal, Xuejie Chen, Nicolas Rohleder
Effective adjustment of the stress systems to repeated stress is regarded as an adaptive response of the organism facing environmental threats. Given the intertwined relationship between the stress systems and the inflammatory system, it could be expected that inflammatory processes should adapt to repeated stress as well. However, only little is known about adaptational processes of the different components of the immune system in response to repeated stress, and how these might be related to adaptational processes of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis...
December 1, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909930/relationship-between-religious-belief-and-happiness-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
Mohd Ahsan Kabir Rizvi, Mohammad Zakir Hossain
Happiness is a feeling that is desired by every human being. To achieve happiness, human try various routes like, to gain financial superiority, fame, entertainment, assets and so on. But on the contrary, religiosity is claimed to be a technique to attain purpose in life, mental health, physical well-being and internal peace, which ultimately leads to happiness in life. This study analyses the studies conducted in last two decades toward understanding the relationship between religiousness and happiness. These studies have been organised in terms of the religions, geographic locations, scales and significance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874320/a-consensual-qualitative-research-analysis-of-the-experience-of-inmate-hospice-caregivers-posttraumatic-growth-while-incarcerated
#16
Rachel M Depner, Pei C Grant, David J Byrwa, Jennifer M Breier, Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Christopher W Kerr, Debra L Luczkiewicz
A growing number of correctional facilities train inmates to provide end-of-life care for dying inmates. This study explores the phenomenological perspective of inmate-caregivers participating in an inmate-facilitated hospice program (IFHP) with regard to meaning and purpose in life, attitudes on death and dying, and perceived personal impact of participation. Twenty-two inmate-caregivers were interviewed at a maximum-security state correctional facility in the United States. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using the Consensual Qualitative Research Methodology...
November 22, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849123/secure-attachment-and-eudaimonic-well-being-in-late-adulthood-the-mediating-role-of-self-compassion
#17
Kristin J Homan
OBJECTIVES: Attachment style refers to a systematic pattern of emotions, behaviors, and expectations that people have for how others will respond in relationships. Extensive evidence has documented the importance of attachment security in infants, children, adolescents, and adults, but the effects of attachment among exclusively older adult populations have received less attention. The present study explored the relationships between attachment style in late adulthood and eudaimonic well-being, which refers to a life replete with meaning, productive activity, and striving to reach one's potential...
November 16, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846103/a-study-of-interpersonal-intimacy-and-meaning-of-life-among-elderly-institutionalized-veterans
#18
Chen-Chun Niu, Hui-Man Huang, Yun-Ying Hung, Hsiu-Li Lee
BACKGROUND: Most senior veterans who live in veterans' homes in Taiwan are single and have few intimate, interpersonal relationships. Aging is often accompanied by solitude and illness, which causes senior veterans to doubt the meaning of life and to lose confidence in the value of life. PURPOSE: This study investigated the personal characteristics that influence interpersonal intimacy and the meaning of life as well as the relationship between interpersonal intimacy and the meaning of life among senior veterans living in veterans' homes...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822270/psychosocial-correlates-of-body-mass-index-in-the-united-states-intersection-of-race-gender-and-age
#19
Shervin Assari
BACKGROUND: Studies on the association between psychosocial factors and obesity have provided mixed findings. OBJECTIVES: Current study used a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults to investigate how intersection of race, gender and age alters the psychosocial correlates of body mass index (BMI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data came from the national health measurement study (NHMS), a cross-sectional study with nationally representative sample of Black and White (n = 3,648) adults ages 35 - 89...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819520/purpose-in-life-and-cognitive-functioning-in-adulthood
#20
Nathan A Lewis, Nicholas A Turiano, Brennan R Payne, Patrick L Hill
With an increasingly aging population, more work is needed to identify factors which may promote the maintenance of normal cognitive functioning. The current study tested the concurrent association between sense of purpose in life and the cognitive variables of episodic memory, executive functioning, and composite cognitive functioning in adults (N = 3489, Mage = 56.3 years, SD = 12.27, Range = 32-84 years) from the Midlife in the United States study (MIDUS). Correlational analyses suggested that purpose in life was associated with higher scores for memory, executive functioning, and overall cognition...
November 7, 2016: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
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