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"purpose in life"

Kaili C Zhang, Abraham Zhang
It has been well identified and supported in the literature that values and life goals are associated with one's general well-being. However, there have been few studies on values and life goals among international students in New Zealand. This study addressed this lack of research by focusing on the life goals and personal values among international students in three tertiary institutes in New Zealand. Based on the literature review, the hypothesis of this study is that international students' intrinsic life goals are positively correlated with their spiritual values...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Jaime Barrientos, Fabiola Gómez, Manuel Cárdenas
This paper examines the levels of subjective well-being (psychological and social well-being, subjective happiness, and satisfaction with life) and clinical symptomatology (anxiety, depression, somatization, hostility, and phobic anxiety) in a transwomen sample (n = 112). The sample was recruited through a snowball procedure in Chile (Santiago, Valparaíso, and Arica). Data obtained are compared to those from a group of Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) (n = 323). Results reveal statistically significant differences in the levels of happiness (t(157) = 2...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Han-Jung Ko, Karen Hooker, G John Geldhof, Dan P McAdams
Research shows midlife adults consistently report higher purpose in life (PIL) than older adults. However, less is known about the changes in PIL during the transition from midlife to older adulthood. This study examined 5-year changes of PIL among late-midlife adults in the Foley Longitudinal Study of Adulthood (n = 163, MAge = 56.37). Results showed that most midlife adults reported higher-stable PIL whereas some of them showed lower-stable PIL, with trait conscientiousness and race being significant predictors of PIL...
September 29, 2016: Psychology and Aging
Vislava Globevnik Velikonja, Tina Lozej, Gaja Leban, Ivan Verdenik, Eda Vrtačnik Bokal
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine whether pregnant women conceiving through in vitro fertilization (IVF) differ from those conceiving spontaneously in terms of psychological well-being and the quality of life. METHODS: In a prospective study we included 75 women conceived after IVF and 78 who conceived spontaneously in the same time period (control group). All the women were sent a self-report questionnaire about demographic and reproductive history, health, pregnancy concerns, containing Subjective Quality of Life Scale (QLS), Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), the Psychological Well-Being Scale (PWB), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Zung Self-Assessment Anxiety Scale (SAS); obstetric and newborn's data were obtained from medical records...
March 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Eve-Marie C Blouin-Hudon, John M Zelenski
In the present research, we looked at how positive-constructive daydreaming, guilty-dysphoric daydreaming, and poor attentional control associate with both broad (i.e., openness to experience) and specific (i.e., introspection) personality traits. A second aim was to determine how daydreaming styles were associated with psychological well-being. Across four studies, 1081 undergraduate (studies 1, 2, and 4) and MTurk (study 3) participants completed online questionnaires. A fixed-effect meta-analysis revealed that introspection was a significant predictor of both positive and negative daydreaming styles, but not a consistent predictor of poor attentional control...
August 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
Adriana Feder, Natalie Mota, Ryan Salim, Janice Rodriguez, Ritika Singh, Jamie Schaffer, Clyde B Schechter, Leo M Cancelmo, Evelyn J Bromet, Craig L Katz, Dori B Reissman, Fatih Ozbay, Roman Kotov, Michael Crane, Denise J Harrison, Robin Herbert, Stephen M Levin, Benjamin J Luft, Jacqueline M Moline, Jeanne M Stellman, Iris G Udasin, Philip J Landrigan, Michael J Zvolensky, Rachel Yehuda, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
Trajectories of disaster-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are often heterogeneous, and associated with common and unique risk factors, yet little is known about potentially modifiable psychosocial characteristics associated with low-symptom and recovering trajectories in disaster responders. A total of 4487 rescue and recovery workers (1874 police and 2613 non-traditional responders) involved during and in the aftermath of the unprecedented World Trade Center (WTC) attacks, were assessed an average of 3, 6, 8, and 12 years post-9/11/2001...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Izabela Nowak, Justyna Waszkiewicz, Piotr Świtaj, Marlena Sokół-Szawłowska, Marta Anczewska
The objective of this study was to explore definitions of recovery among Polish service users with lived experience of schizophrenia and to hear their recommendations regarding elements that should be considered in the planning of a recovery oriented psychosocial intervention. Four semi-structured focus groups were conducted in the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in Warsaw, Poland. A total of 28 service users' narratives were examined using the inductive thematic analysis approach. Five main recovery themes emerged from the combined users accounts, listed in order of frequency: psychological dimension of recovery, relationships with others, wellness strategies, clinical understanding of recovery and support systems...
July 25, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
Fei Li, Jieyu Chen, Lin Yu, Yuan Jing, Pingping Jiang, Xiuqiong Fu, Shengwei Wu, Xiaomin Sun, Ren Luo, Hiuyee Kwan, Xiaoshan Zhao, Yanyan Liu
BACKGROUND: To examine whether stress management mediates the relationship between purpose in life and self-rated health status (SRH). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 6840 teachers in 2013 in Guangzhou, China. Purpose in life was assessed through the Purpose in Life Subscale of the Psychological Well-being Scale. Stress management was assessed using the eight-item questionnaire adapted from the Health-promoting Lifestyle Profile II. SRH was assessed by the Suboptimal Health Measurement Scale Version 1...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jennifer Crocker, Amy Canevello, Ashley A Brown
We examine recent evidence on the consequences of selfishness and otherishness for psychological well-being, physical health, and relationships. In the first sections, we consider recent evidence regarding the costs and benefits of giving time, money, and support to others and the costs and benefits of taking or receiving those things from others. Then, because the behaviors of giving and taking can be motivated either by selfish or otherish concerns, we next consider the costs and benefits of the motivation underlying giving and taking...
June 24, 2016: Annual Review of Psychology
Emanuela Offidani, Donatella Del Basso, Francesca Prignago, Elena Tomba
Psoriasis is a chronic dermatologic disease that negatively impacts physical and mental health of patients as well as their social and work life. The aim of this study is to illustrate, by a clinimetric approach the differences in psychological distress and well-being between patients with mild and moderate to severe psoriasis. Seventy patients with psoriasis were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I), the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research (DCPR), along with the following self-report instruments: the Symptoms Questionnaire (SQ), the Psychological Well-being scales (PWB) and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
August 23, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Wataru Sato
BACKGROUND: Scientists play an important role in modern society. However, only a small number of their psychological characteristics, such as personality traits, have been investigated; hence, further investigation is required. RESULTS: In this study, scientists (n = 24) and non-scientist controls (n = 26) were assessed with respect to their five-factor personality traits, 10 basic values, and subjective well-being (subjective happiness and sense of purpose in life)...
2016: SpringerPlus
Uki Noviana, Misako Miyazaki, Mina Ishimaru
This study aimed to develop a conceptual model for understanding meaning in life (MIL) using respondents' quotations in the primary qualitative studies. The primary studies were selected from the PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES and CINAHL databases using keywords 'meaning in life', 'meaning of life', 'purpose in life' and 'will to meaning'. Respondents' quotations in the primary studies were analysed interpretatively to identify MIL from the respondents' perspectives. The data were synthesized to integrate findings from 10 selected primary studies...
April 2016: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Natalie P Mota, Jack Tsai, Paul D Kirwin, Jitender Sareen, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVES: The current study evaluated the incidence and determinants of physical disability in a contemporary, nationally representative sample of U.S. military veterans. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study, a nationally representative, prospective cohort study of 1,686 veterans aged 55 years and older. Waves 1 and 2 were conducted in 2011 and 2013, respectively. MEASUREMENTS: Potential determinants of incident disability in activities of daily living (ADL; e...
September 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Manuela Zambianchi, Maria Grazia Carelli
The current study investigates the relevance of positive attitudes toward Internet technologies for psychological well-being and social well-being in old age. A sample of 245 elderly people (Mean age = 70; SD =9.1) filled in the Psychological Well-Being Questionnaire, the Social Well-Being Questionnaire, and Attitudes Toward Technologies Questionnaire (ATTQ). Favorable attitudes toward Internet technologies showed positive correlations with overall social well-being and all its components with the exception of social acceptance...
May 3, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Geva Shenkman, Dov Shmotkin
The association between self-perceived parental role and meaning in life (indicated by personal growth and purpose in life) was explored among 82 Israeli gay fathers that were individually matched with 82 heterosexual fathers. Self-perceived parental role was associated with meaning in life and this association was moderated by sexual orientation, demonstrating a significant positive association between self-perceived parental role and meaning in life among gay fathers but not among heterosexual fathers. The results are interpreted in light of the unique parental role gay fathers possibly construct in the context of intentional parenting and through possible life circumstances which appear associated with increased feelings of personal growth and purpose in life...
August 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Morris A Okun, Ga Young Kim
One developmental task in emerging adulthood is finding meaning and purpose in life. Volunteering has been touted as one role that fosters purpose in life. We examined whether the association between frequency of volunteering and purpose in life varies with pleasure-based prosocial motivation and pressure-based prosocial motivation in a sample of 576 undergraduates, ages 18-22 years old. In a regression analysis predicting purpose in life, the frequency of volunteering by pleasure-based prosocial motivation by pressure-based prosocial motivation interaction effect was significant (p = ...
2016: Journal of Social Psychology
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, J Richard Jennings, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a possible physiological mechanism underlying links between low childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and poor adult health by (a) testing whether childhood SES is prospectively related to cardiovascular responses to laboratory stress in adulthood, and (b) by determining whether psychological resources buffer cardiovascular reactivity and promote better recovery from stress. METHOD: Participants (n = 246; 55% Black; mean age = 32 years) were from a population-based sample of men in Pittsburgh, PA...
September 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Julia Strupp, Carolin Ehmann, Maren Galushko, Raphael Bücken, Klaus Maria Perrar, Stefanie Hamacher, Holger Pfaff, Raymond Voltz, Heidrun Golla
BACKGROUND: Being severely affected by multiple sclerosis (MS) brings substantial physical and psychological challenges. Contrary to common thinking that MS is not lethal, there is a higher mortality risk in patients also reflected in alarming rates of assisted suicide, and - where possible - euthanasia. OBJECTIVE: Analyzing independent variables promoting suicidal ideation in severely affected MS patients. DESIGN: A self-report questionnaire with 25 needs categories including one self-assessment item "prone to suicidal ideation" was applied...
May 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Stephanie Griggs, Rachel K Walker
UNLABELLED: Hope is a human strength essential for adolescents' enduring and coping with chronic illness however, the role of hope is not well understood in this population. OBJECTIVES: This integrative review describes what is currently known about the role of hope in adolescents with a chronic illness. METHOD: A methodological review using an integrative approach by R. Whittemore and K. Knafl (2005) was performed. DATABASES: MEDLINE via Pubmed; CINAHL; PyscINFO and Google scholar were searched for articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 1995 to 2015, using search terms 'hope and chronic illness' with age limiters for all except Google scholar (title search of "hope and adolescents")...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Patrick L Hill, Grant W Edmonds, Missy Peterson, Koen Luyckx, Judy A Andrews
Accruing evidence points to the value of studying purpose in life across adolescence and emerging adulthood. Research though is needed to understand the unique role of purpose in life in predicting well-being and developmentally relevant outcomes during emerging adulthood. The current studies (total n = 669) found support for the development of a new brief measure of purpose in life using data from American and Canadian samples, while demonstrating evidence for two important findings. First, purpose in life predicted well-being during emerging adulthood, even when controlling for the Big Five personality traits...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Positive Psychology
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