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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338328/avoidance-meaning-and-grief-psychosocial-factors-influencing-engagement-in-hiv-care
#1
Georgia J Michlig, Ryan P Westergaard, Yukyan Lam, Azal Ahmadi, Gregory D Kirk, Andrew Genz, Jeanne Keruly, Heidi Hutton, Pamela J Surkan
Although the introduction of antiretroviral therapy has rendered HIV a chronic illness, inconsistent engagement in HIV care by key populations limits its public health impact. Poor engagement in care is especially prevalent among vulnerable populations with mental health and substance use disorders. Beyond structural and health system considerations, psychosocial factors may present challenges to sustained engagement. We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 31 primarily African American, urban-based individuals, many with past or current drug use and mental disorders, living with HIV...
January 17, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334233/perceived-discrimination-and-mental-health-among-older-african-americans-the-role-of-psychological-well-being
#2
Eunkyung Yoon, Corvell Coburn, Susie A Spence
OBJECTIVES: Examine the effect of perceived discrimination (both racial and non-racial) on the mental health of older African Americans and explore the buffering role of psychological well-being (purpose in life and self-acceptance). METHODS: Using an older African American subsample from the National Health Measurement Study (n = 397), multiple regression model by gender was used to estimate the effects of two types of discrimination (every day and lifetime) on SF-36 mental component and mediating role of two concepts of psychological well-being...
January 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314273/psychological-well-being-and-risk-of-dementia
#3
Angelina R Sutin, Yannick Stephan, Antonio Terracciano
OBJECTIVE: Well-being is a psychological resource that buffers against age-related disease. We test whether this protective effect extends to dementia and whether it is independent of distress. METHODS: Participants (N = 10,099) were from the Health and Retirement Study. Five aspects of positive psychological functioning (life satisfaction, optimism, mastery, purpose in life, and positive affect) were tested as predictors of incident dementia over 6 to 8 years...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306819/psychometric-properties-of-the-purpose-in-life-test-and-age-related-differences-among-women-diagnosed-with-eating-disorders
#4
Joaquín García-Alandete, Montserrat Cañabate Ros, José Heliodoro Marco Salvador, Sandra Pérez Rodríguez
The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Purpose-In-Life Test (PIL), as well as the age-related differences in meaning in life in women diagnosed with eating disorders. Participants were 250 Spanish women diagnosed with eating disorders who ranged from 12 to 60 years old. Confirmatory Factor Analysis, descriptive analyses, estimation of the internal consistency of the PIL, correlations between the PIL and the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Overweight Preoccupation Scale (OPS), and Body Investment Scale (BIS), and age differences were calculated...
December 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302572/a-comparative-study-on-the-meaning-in-life-of-patients-with-cancer-and-their-family-members
#5
Hadi Hassankhani, Amin Soheili, Issa Hosseinpour, Jamal Eivazi Ziaei, Mina Nahamin
Introduction: The overwhelming effects of cancer could be catastrophic for the patients and their family members, putting them at risk of experiencing uncertainty, loss, and an interruption in life. Also, it can influence their sense of meaning, a fundamental need equated with the purpose in life. Accordingly, this study aimed to compare the meaning in life (MiL) of patients with cancer and their family members. Methods: This descriptive comparative study was conducted on 400 patients with cancer and their family members admitted to university hospitals in Tabriz and Ardebil provinces, Iran...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288286/religious-commitment-and-well-being-in-college-students-examining-conditional-indirect-effects-of-meaning-in-life
#6
Kaiser Ahmad Dar, Naved Iqbal
There is systematic and quantitative evidence that religious commitment is associated with indicators of well-being, such as positive emotions and moods, absence of negative emotions, and satisfaction with life; however, researchers remain far from a consensus regarding which mechanisms may account for these observed relationships. Although religious commitment influences well-being through many different mechanisms, meaning in life is probably the predominant one. Thus, we examined the bidimensional conceptualization of meaning in life as a potential mechanism between religious commitment and well-being...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229012/mixed-methods-quantitative-qualitative-study-of-29-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-in-rural-southern-italy-focus-on-positive-psychological-traits
#7
Anna Scelzo, Salvatore Di Somma, Paola Antonini, Lori P Montross, Nicholas Schork, David Brenner, Dilip V Jeste
OBJECTIVE: This was a study of positive psychological traits in a group of rural Italians aged 90 to 101 years, and their children or other family members. DESIGN: Mixed-methods quantitative (standardized rating scales) and qualitative (semi-structured interviews) study. SETTING: Study participants' homes in nine villages in the Cilento region of southern Italy. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine nonagenarians and centenarians and 51 family members aged 51-75 years, selected by their general practitioners as a part of a larger study called CIAO (Cilento Initiative on Aging Outcomes)...
December 12, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229011/making-sense-of-loss-through-spirituality-perspectives-of-african-american-family-members-who-have-experienced-the-death-of-a-close-family-member-to-cancer
#8
Jill B Hamilton, Nakia C Best, Jessica S Wells, Valarie C Worthy
OBJECTIVE: Among African Americans, spirituality is meaning or purpose in life and a faith in God who is in control of health and there to provide support and guidance in illness situations. Using qualitative methods, we explored the use of spirituality to make sense of the end-of-life and bereavement experiences among family members of a deceased cancer patient. METHOD: Data in this report come from 19 African Americans who experienced the loss of a family member to cancer...
December 12, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153008/teaching-health-versus-treating-illness-the-efficacy-of-three-principles-correctional-counseling-with-people-in-an-english-prison
#9
Thomas M Kelley, Jacqueline Hollows, Eric G Lambert, Dennis M Savard, Jack Pransky
Three principles correctional counseling (3PCC) posits that people in prison have inner mental health they have obscured to varying degrees with their own thinking. 3PCC further posits that people in prison can rekindle and sustain this inner health via understanding how three psychospiritual principles-Universal Mind, consciousness, and thought-coalesce to form people's psychological experience. We review the three principles and explain how exposure to these principles can lead to improved mental health and improved behavior...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143437/profiles-of-needs-satisfaction-and-thwarting-in-older-people-living-at-home-relationships-with-well-being-and-ill-being-indicators
#10
Charlotte Vanhove-Meriaux, Guillaume Martinent, Claude Ferrand
AIM: To examine the profiles of basic psychological needs satisfaction (BPNS) and thwarting (BPNT) in older people living at home, their relationship with well-being and ill-being indicators, and how BPNS and BPNT needs were related to these indicators using regression analyses. METHODS: Participants (n = 182; mean age 73.33 years; SD 7.07 years) completed the measures of BPNS, BPNT, purpose in life, personal growth, subjective vitality, self-esteem, positive and negative affective states, and depressive feelings...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134179/psychological-well-being-of-adolescents-with-physical-disabilities-in-zimbabwean-inclusive-community-settings-an-exploratory-study
#11
Jabulani Mpofu, Maximus M Sefotho, Jacobus G Maree
Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological well-being of adolescents with physical disabilities living in inclusive community settings of Makonde Urban in Zimbabwe. An inclusive community is one that aims to remove exclusionary practices within the community and promote community systems that accept all people irrespective of their difference. Inclusive communities on their own are not uniquely designed for people with disabilities, but most developing countries have adopted them as a basic strategy to influence and enhance psychological well-being of people with disabilities...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128685/unravelling-positive-aspects-of-caregiving-in-dementia-an-integrative-review-of-research-literature
#12
REVIEW
Doris S F Yu, Sheung-Tak Cheng, Jungfang Wang
BACKGROUND: Family caregiving is the crucial informal care resource to lessen the burdens associated with dementia. Research in this field has focused on reducing the caregiver's burden, but little attention has been given to promoting the positive aspects of caregiving. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic critical review of research on the nature of positive aspects of caregiving, and the factors predicting this phenomenon among family caregivers of dementia patients, with the ultimate purpose of gaining insights to explain how and why it emerges...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095115/the-contribution-of-mastery-to-mental-health-and-purpose-in-life-among-female-veterans-with-disabilities-in-israel
#13
Ela Koren, Alana Siegel, Avital Shlezinger, Maayan Sher-Dotan, Rachel Dekel
Self-report questionnaires assessing mental health, purpose in life (PIL) and mastery were administered to 61 female veterans with disabilities (FVWD) and compared 72 demographically matched women in control group without disabilities to learn about use of personal resources in promoting well-being and resilience. Age range was 20-82; average age was 48.87. Data were collected in Israel.  FVWD reported significantly lower levels of mental health, PIL, and mastery than the comparison group. Group affiliation moderated association between mastery and mental health, and between mastery and purpose in life...
November 2, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062387/limitations-of-workers-diagnosed-with-cancer-evaluated-with-work-role-functioning-questionnaire-br
#14
Cristiane H Gallasch, Neusa Mc Alexandre, Sergio Cb Esteves, Helena F Gomes, Elaine Cl da Rocha, Patricia Cp Baptista
The main subject of the current study is to look into the limitations found in individuals diagnosed with cancer, considered a public health problem, especially in developing countries where the impact of this disease is expected to account for 80% of 20 million new cases estimated worldwide by 2025. For some patients undergoing treatment, continuing to be professionally active is challenging especially considering that work fosters a purpose in life, a sense of contribution, distraction, and self-esteem, which aids in physical, cognitive, emotional, and interpersonal recovery...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059208/psychological-well-being-in-elderly-adults-with-extraordinary-episodic-memory
#15
Amanda Cook Maher, Stephanie Kielb, Emmaleigh Loyer, Maureen Connelley, Alfred Rademaker, M-Marsel Mesulam, Sandra Weintraub, Dan McAdams, Regina Logan, Emily Rogalski
OBJECTIVES: The Northwestern University SuperAging Program studies a rare cohort of individuals over age 80 with episodic memory ability at least as good as middle-age adults to determine what factors contribute to their elite memory performance. As psychological well-being is positively correlated with cognitive performance in older adults, the present study examined whether aspects of psychological well-being distinguish cognitive SuperAgers from their cognitively average-for-age, same-age peers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057032/decreased-drinking-and-alcoholics-anonymous-are-associated-with-different-dimensions-of-spirituality
#16
Amy R Krentzman, Stephen Strobbe, J Irene Harris, Jennifer M Jester, Elizabeth A R Robinson
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a spiritual program and involvement in it has been associated with increases in spirituality. Some who pursue recovery outside AA also use spirituality for support. Decreasing drinking without AA involvement might result in spiritual change, but this has not been explored in previous research. This study investigates drinking and AA behavior to determine their association with seven dimensions of subsequent spirituality. METHODS: A 30-month panel study recruited 364 individuals with alcohol dependence...
September 2017: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036443/the-association-of-perceived-mental-stress-sense-of-purpose-in-life-and-negative-life-events-with-the-risk-of-incident-herpes-zoster-and-postherpetic-neuralgia-the-shez-study
#17
Yukiko Takao, Yoshinobu Okuno, Yasuko Mori, Hideo Asada, Koichi Yamanishi, Hiroyasu Iso
This population-based prospective study examined the relationships of perceived mental stress, sense of purpose in life, and negative life events to the incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). The data were collected from 12,359 participants (aged ≥50 years old in Shozu County, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan) who answered a self-completed health questionnaire. During a 3-year follow-up between December 2008 and November 2012, HZ and PHN were diagnosed in 400 and 79 subjects, respectively...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990965/calling-to-nursing-concept-analysis
#18
Christie Emerson
The aims of this article are (a) to analyze the concept of a calling as it relates nursing and (b) to develop a definition of calling to nursing with the detail and clarity needed to guide reliable and valid research. The classic steps described by Walker and Avant are used for the analysis. Literature from several disciplines is reviewed including vocational psychology, Christian career counseling, sociology, organizational management, and nursing. The analysis provides an operational definition of a calling to nursing and establishes 3 defining attributes of the concept: (a) a passionate intrinsic motivation or desire (perhaps with a religious component), (b) an aspiration to engage in nursing practice, as a means of fulfilling one's purpose in life, and (c) the desire to help others as one's purpose in life...
October 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944679/risk-and-protective-factors-for-health-related-quality-of-life-among-persons-aging-with-hiv
#19
Annie L Nguyen, Candice J McNeil, S Duke Han, Scott D Rhodes
For persons living with HIV, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) may be threatened by physical and mental conditions but may be protected by positive psychological traits. We performed an exploratory look at the risk and protective factors for HRQOL in older adults living with HIV. Cross-sectional analyses of baseline data from the Rush Center of Excellence on Disparities in HIV and Aging (CEDHA), a community-based cohort of persons ages ≥50 living with HIV (n = 176) were performed. Analyses examined the relationship between risk/protective factors and two outcomes (i...
September 25, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928689/exploring-the-possibility-of-peak-individualism-humanity-s-existential-crisis-and-an-emerging-age-of-purpose
#20
Gabriel B Grant
There is an emerging cultural narrative in the United States that we are entering an age of purpose-that millennials, more than any other generation, are searching for purpose and purposeful work (Sheahan, 2005) and that we are entering an era or economy of purpose (Hurst, 2014). For profit, non-profit, and educational institutions are perceiving and adapting to serve millennials' demand for purpose in life, specifically within the workplace (Klein et al., 2015). Yet, longitudinal studies of purpose do not exist, and millennials are also referred to as GenMe...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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