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"purpose in life"

Mohd Ahsan Kabir Rizvi, Mohammad Zakir Hossain
Happiness is a feeling that is desired by every human being. To achieve happiness, human try various routes like, to gain financial superiority, fame, entertainment, assets and so on. But on the contrary, religiosity is claimed to be a technique to attain purpose in life, mental health, physical well-being and internal peace, which ultimately leads to happiness in life. This study analyses the studies conducted in last two decades toward understanding the relationship between religiousness and happiness. These studies have been organised in terms of the religions, geographic locations, scales and significance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Rachel M Depner, Pei C Grant, David J Byrwa, Jennifer M Breier, Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Christopher W Kerr, Debra L Luczkiewicz
A growing number of correctional facilities train inmates to provide end-of-life care for dying inmates. This study explores the phenomenological perspective of inmate-caregivers participating in an inmate-facilitated hospice program (IFHP) with regard to meaning and purpose in life, attitudes on death and dying, and perceived personal impact of participation. Twenty-two inmate-caregivers were interviewed at a maximum-security state correctional facility in the United States. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using the Consensual Qualitative Research Methodology...
November 22, 2016: Death Studies
Kristin J Homan
OBJECTIVES: Attachment style refers to a systematic pattern of emotions, behaviors, and expectations that people have for how others will respond in relationships. Extensive evidence has documented the importance of attachment security in infants, children, adolescents, and adults, but the effects of attachment among exclusively older adult populations have received less attention. The present study explored the relationships between attachment style in late adulthood and eudaimonic well-being, which refers to a life replete with meaning, productive activity, and striving to reach one's potential...
November 16, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Chen-Chun Niu, Hui-Man Huang, Yun-Ying Hung, Hsiu-Li Lee
BACKGROUND: Most senior veterans who live in veterans' homes in Taiwan are single and have few intimate, interpersonal relationships. Aging is often accompanied by solitude and illness, which causes senior veterans to doubt the meaning of life and to lose confidence in the value of life. PURPOSE: This study investigated the personal characteristics that influence interpersonal intimacy and the meaning of life as well as the relationship between interpersonal intimacy and the meaning of life among senior veterans living in veterans' homes...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Shervin Assari
BACKGROUND: Studies on the association between psychosocial factors and obesity have provided mixed findings. OBJECTIVES: Current study used a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults to investigate how intersection of race, gender and age alters the psychosocial correlates of body mass index (BMI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data came from the national health measurement study (NHMS), a cross-sectional study with nationally representative sample of Black and White (n = 3,648) adults ages 35 - 89...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Nathan A Lewis, Nicholas A Turiano, Brennan R Payne, Patrick L Hill
With an increasingly aging population, more work is needed to identify factors which may promote the maintenance of normal cognitive functioning. The current study tested the concurrent association between sense of purpose in life and the cognitive variables of episodic memory, executive functioning, and composite cognitive functioning in adults (N = 3489, Mage = 56.3 years, SD = 12.27, Range = 32-84 years) from the Midlife in the United States study (MIDUS). Correlational analyses suggested that purpose in life was associated with higher scores for memory, executive functioning, and overall cognition...
November 7, 2016: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
Marijke Schotanus-Dijkstra, Margreet Ten Have, Sanne M A Lamers, Ron de Graaf, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
BACKGROUND: High levels of mental well-being might protect against the onset of mental disorders but longitudinal evidence is scarce. This study examines whether flourishing mental health predicts first-incidence and recurrent mental disorders 3 years later. METHODS: Data were used from 4482 representative adults participating in the second (2010-12) and third wave (2013-15) of the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2 (NEMESIS-2). Mental well-being was assessed with the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) at the second wave...
November 5, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
Kayla Isaacs, Natalie P Mota, Jack Tsai, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, Joan M Cook, Paul D Kirwin, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
Although many cross-sectional studies have examined the correlates of psychological resilience in U.S. military veterans, few longitudinal studies have identified long-term predictors of resilience in this population. The current prospective cohort study utilized data from a nationally representative sample of 2157 U.S. military veterans who completed web-based surveys in two waves (2011 and 2013) as part of the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS). Cluster analysis of cumulative lifetime exposure to potentially traumatic events and Wave 2 measures of current symptoms of posttraumatic stress, major depressive, and generalized anxiety disorders was performed to characterize different profiles of current trauma-related psychological symptoms...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Carlos Freire, María Del Mar Ferradás, Antonio Valle, José C Núñez, Guillermo Vallejo
In the transactional model of stress, coping responses are the key to preventing the stress response. In this study, the possible role of psychological well-being as a personal determinant of coping strategies in the academic context was analyzed. Specifically, the study has two objectives: (a) to identify different profiles of students according to their level of psychological well-being; and (b) to analyze the differences between these profiles in the use of three coping strategies (positive reappraisal, support-seeking, and planning)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Kaili C Zhang, Abraham Zhang
It has been well identified and supported in the literature that values and life goals are associated with one's general well-being. However, there have been few studies on values and life goals among international students in New Zealand. This study addressed this lack of research by focusing on the life goals and personal values among international students in three tertiary institutes in New Zealand. Based on the literature review, the hypothesis of this study is that international students' intrinsic life goals are positively correlated with their spiritual values...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Jaime Barrientos, Fabiola Gómez, Manuel Cárdenas
This paper examines the levels of subjective well-being (psychological and social well-being, subjective happiness, and satisfaction with life) and clinical symptomatology (anxiety, depression, somatization, hostility, and phobic anxiety) in a transwomen sample (n = 112). The sample was recruited through a snowball procedure in Chile (Santiago, Valparaíso, and Arica). Data obtained are compared to those from a group of Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) (n = 323). Results reveal statistically significant differences in the levels of happiness (t(157) = 2...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Han-Jung Ko, Karen Hooker, G John Geldhof, Dan P McAdams
Research shows midlife adults consistently report higher purpose in life (PIL) than older adults. However, less is known about the changes in PIL during the transition from midlife to older adulthood. This study examined 5-year changes of PIL among late-midlife adults in the Foley Longitudinal Study of Adulthood (n = 163, MAge = 56.37). Results showed that most midlife adults reported higher-stable PIL whereas some of them showed lower-stable PIL, with trait conscientiousness and race being significant predictors of PIL...
September 29, 2016: Psychology and Aging
Vislava Globevnik Velikonja, Tina Lozej, Gaja Leban, Ivan Verdenik, Eda Vrtačnik Bokal
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine whether pregnant women conceiving through in vitro fertilization (IVF) differ from those conceiving spontaneously in terms of psychological well-being and the quality of life. METHODS: In a prospective study we included 75 women conceived after IVF and 78 who conceived spontaneously in the same time period (control group). All the women were sent a self-report questionnaire about demographic and reproductive history, health, pregnancy concerns, containing Subjective Quality of Life Scale (QLS), Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), the Psychological Well-Being Scale (PWB), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Zung Self-Assessment Anxiety Scale (SAS); obstetric and newborn's data were obtained from medical records...
March 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Eve-Marie C Blouin-Hudon, John M Zelenski
In the present research, we looked at how positive-constructive daydreaming, guilty-dysphoric daydreaming, and poor attentional control associate with both broad (i.e., openness to experience) and specific (i.e., introspection) personality traits. A second aim was to determine how daydreaming styles were associated with psychological well-being. Across four studies, 1081 undergraduate (studies 1, 2, and 4) and MTurk (study 3) participants completed online questionnaires. A fixed-effect meta-analysis revealed that introspection was a significant predictor of both positive and negative daydreaming styles, but not a consistent predictor of poor attentional control...
August 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
Adriana Feder, Natalie Mota, Ryan Salim, Janice Rodriguez, Ritika Singh, Jamie Schaffer, Clyde B Schechter, Leo M Cancelmo, Evelyn J Bromet, Craig L Katz, Dori B Reissman, Fatih Ozbay, Roman Kotov, Michael Crane, Denise J Harrison, Robin Herbert, Stephen M Levin, Benjamin J Luft, Jacqueline M Moline, Jeanne M Stellman, Iris G Udasin, Philip J Landrigan, Michael J Zvolensky, Rachel Yehuda, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
Trajectories of disaster-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are often heterogeneous, and associated with common and unique risk factors, yet little is known about potentially modifiable psychosocial characteristics associated with low-symptom and recovering trajectories in disaster responders. A total of 4487 rescue and recovery workers (1874 police and 2613 non-traditional responders) involved during and in the aftermath of the unprecedented World Trade Center (WTC) attacks, were assessed an average of 3, 6, 8, and 12 years post-9/11/2001...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Izabela Nowak, Justyna Waszkiewicz, Piotr Świtaj, Marlena Sokół-Szawłowska, Marta Anczewska
The objective of this study was to explore definitions of recovery among Polish service users with lived experience of schizophrenia and to hear their recommendations regarding elements that should be considered in the planning of a recovery oriented psychosocial intervention. Four semi-structured focus groups were conducted in the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in Warsaw, Poland. A total of 28 service users' narratives were examined using the inductive thematic analysis approach. Five main recovery themes emerged from the combined users accounts, listed in order of frequency: psychological dimension of recovery, relationships with others, wellness strategies, clinical understanding of recovery and support systems...
July 25, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
Fei Li, Jieyu Chen, Lin Yu, Yuan Jing, Pingping Jiang, Xiuqiong Fu, Shengwei Wu, Xiaomin Sun, Ren Luo, Hiuyee Kwan, Xiaoshan Zhao, Yanyan Liu
BACKGROUND: To examine whether stress management mediates the relationship between purpose in life and self-rated health status (SRH). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 6840 teachers in 2013 in Guangzhou, China. Purpose in life was assessed through the Purpose in Life Subscale of the Psychological Well-being Scale. Stress management was assessed using the eight-item questionnaire adapted from the Health-promoting Lifestyle Profile II. SRH was assessed by the Suboptimal Health Measurement Scale Version 1...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jennifer Crocker, Amy Canevello, Ashley A Brown
We examine recent evidence on the consequences of selfishness and otherishness for psychological well-being, physical health, and relationships. In the first sections, we consider recent evidence regarding the costs and benefits of giving time, money, and support to others and the costs and benefits of taking or receiving those things from others. Then, because the behaviors of giving and taking can be motivated either by selfish or otherish concerns, we next consider the costs and benefits of the motivation underlying giving and taking...
June 24, 2016: Annual Review of Psychology
Emanuela Offidani, Donatella Del Basso, Francesca Prignago, Elena Tomba
Psoriasis is a chronic dermatologic disease that negatively impacts physical and mental health of patients as well as their social and work life. The aim of this study is to illustrate, by a clinimetric approach the differences in psychological distress and well-being between patients with mild and moderate to severe psoriasis. Seventy patients with psoriasis were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I), the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research (DCPR), along with the following self-report instruments: the Symptoms Questionnaire (SQ), the Psychological Well-being scales (PWB) and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
August 23, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Wataru Sato
BACKGROUND: Scientists play an important role in modern society. However, only a small number of their psychological characteristics, such as personality traits, have been investigated; hence, further investigation is required. RESULTS: In this study, scientists (n = 24) and non-scientist controls (n = 26) were assessed with respect to their five-factor personality traits, 10 basic values, and subjective well-being (subjective happiness and sense of purpose in life)...
2016: SpringerPlus
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