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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541074/purpose-in-life-in-als-patient-caregiver-dyads-a-multilevel-longitudinal-analysis
#1
Natasha E Garcia, Jennifer N Morey, Edward J Kasarskis, Suzanne C Segerstrom
OBJECTIVE: Eudaemonic positive psychological health (PPH), such as purpose in life (PIL), may be maintained more than hedonic PPH, such as quality of life (QOL), for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their caregivers across the disease course. Furthermore, patients' and caregivers' PPH may impact one another. The present study examined (a) PIL and QOL variance structures; (b) PIL and QOL trajectories from diagnosis, approaching death, with disease severity; and (c) between-dyad and within-dyad relationships for PIL and QOL in patients with ALS and their caregivers...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534002/purposeful-engagement-healthy-aging-and-the-brain
#2
Carol D Ryff, Aaron S Heller, Stacey M Schaefer, Carien van Reekum, Richard J Davidson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Research on psychological well-being in later life has identified strengths and vulnerabilities that occur with aging. We review the conceptual and philosophical foundations of a eudaimonic model of well-being and its empirical translation into six key dimensions of positive functioning. We also consider its implications for health, broadly defined. RECENT FINDINGS: Numerous findings from national longitudinal samples of U.S. adults are described...
December 2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515800/dimensions-of-mindfulness-and-their-relations-with-psychological-well-being-and-neuroticism
#3
Luca Iani, Marco Lauriola, Valentina Cafaro, Fabrizio Didonna
In this study we examined whether differences in the habitual use of mindfulness skills were associated with specific well-being and neuroticism aspects. Two hundred eleven volunteers aged 21-84 years completed measures of mindfulness, neuroticism, psychological well-being (PWB), and subjective well-being (SWB). Describing, observing, and acting with awareness (i.e., the mindfulness "what" skills) were positively correlated with personal growth, purpose in life, and autonomy (i.e., the "core" eudaimonic components of PWB)...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498025/understanding-meaning-in-life-interventions-in-patients-with-advanced-disease-a-systematic-review-and-realist-synthesis
#4
Mariona Guerrero-Torrelles, Cristina Monforte-Royo, Andrea Rodríguez-Prat, Josep Porta-Sales, Albert Balaguer
BACKGROUND: Among patients with advanced disease, meaning in life is thought to enhance well-being, promote coping and improve the tolerance of physical symptoms. It may also act as a buffer against depression and hopelessness. As yet, there has been no synthesis of meaning in life interventions in which contextual factors, procedures and outcomes are described and evaluated. AIMS: To identify meaning in life interventions implemented in patients with advanced disease and to describe their context, mechanisms and outcomes...
February 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488471/meaning-in-life-and-physical-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Katarzyna Czekierda, Anna Banik, Crystal L Park, Aleksandra Luszczynska
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify the associations between meaning in life and physical health using random effects models. Conceptualization of meaning (order in world vs purpose in life), type of health indicators, participants' health status, and age issues were investigated as moderators. Systematic searches of six databases resulted in inclusion of k = 66 studies (total N = 73,546). Findings indicated that meaning in life and physical health formed weak-to-moderate associations (the overall estimate of the average effect = 0...
May 10, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470161/-evolutionary-concept-analysis-of-spirituality
#6
Il Sun Ko, So Young Choi, Jin Sook Kim
PURPOSE: This study was done to clarify attributes, antecedents, and consequences of spirituality. METHODS: Rodgers's evolutionary concept analysis was used to analyze fifty seven studies from the literature related to spirituality as it appears in systematic literature reviews of theology, medicine, counseling & psychology, social welfare, and nursing. RESULTS: Spirituality was found to consist of two dimensions and eight attributes: 1) vertical dimension: 'intimacy and connectedness with God' and 'holy life and belief', 2) horizontal dimension: 'self-transcendence', 'meaning and purpose in life', 'self-integration', and 'self-creativity' in relationship with self, 'connectedness' and 'trust' in relationship with others·neighbors·nature...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461710/the-value-of-a-purposeful-life-sense-of-purpose-predicts-greater-income-and-net-worth
#7
Patrick L Hill, Nicholas A Turiano, Daniel K Mroczek, Anthony L Burrow
Having a sense of purpose in life appears valuable across life domains, though it remains unclear whether purpose also provides financial value to individuals. The current study examined sense of purpose as a predictor of concurrent and longitudinal income and net worth levels, using two waves of the MIDUS sample of adults (N = 4660 across both assessments). Participants who reported a higher sense of purpose had higher levels of household income and net worth initially, and were more likely to increase on these financial outcomes over the nine years between assessments...
December 2016: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455760/adapting-meaning-centered-psychotherapy-in-advanced-cancer-for-the-chinese-immigrant-population
#8
Jennifer Leng, Florence Lui, Angela Chen, Xiaoxiao Huang, William Breitbart, Francesca Gany
The Chinese immigrant community faces multiple barriers to quality cancer care and cancer survivorship. Meaning-centered psychotherapy (MCP) is an empirically-based treatment shown to significantly reduce psychological distress while increasing spiritual well-being and a sense of meaning and purpose in life in advanced cancer patients. However, it has not yet been adapted for racial and ethnic minority populations for whom the concept of "meaning" may likely differ from that of westernized White populations...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454192/-religious-spiritual-needs-and-psychosocial-burden-of-melanoma-patients
#9
Annette Haußmann, Norbert Schäffeler, Martin Hautzinger, Birgit Weyel, Thomas Eigentler, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
Questions of meaning and purpose in life are becoming relevant during cancer. Studies have shown that most patients have spiritual needs and that religion/spirituality can be an important ressource in coping with illness. So far, only few studies examine the psychosocial burden and the role of spiritual needs during the treatment process of patients with malignant melanoma. 22 patients were included in this study and assessed for psychosocial distress and spiritual needs while being screened for cancer metastases (t1) and 8 weeks later (t2)...
April 28, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415007/religion-spirituality-and-mental-health-of-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#10
Vanshdeep Sharma, Deborah B Marin, Harold K Koenig, Adriana Feder, Brian M Iacoviello, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: In the last three decades, there has been increased interest in studying the association between religion/spirituality (R/S), and mental health and functional outcomes. METHODS: Using data from a contemporary, nationally representative sample of 3151 U.S. military veterans maintained by GfK Knowledge Networks, Inc., we evaluated the relation between R/S and a broad range of mental health, and psychosocial variables. Veterans were grouped into three groups based on scores on the Duke University Religion Index: High R/S (weighted 11...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393542/examining-maternal-age-breastfeeding-self-efficacy-and-health-locus-of-control-in-psychological-wellbeing-of-mothers
#11
Abiodun Musbau Lawal, Erhabor Sunday Idemudia
We investigated the direct and interaction influence of maternal age, breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE), health locus of control (HLOC) on six dimensions of psychological wellbeing of breastfeeding mothers in Lagos, Nigeria. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 291 mothers attending health facilities in two suburb local government areas. The survey included socio-demographics (maternal age, marital status, ethnicity, education level and position of the baby currently breastfeeding), breastfeeding self-efficacy, health locus of control and psychological wellbeing scales...
April 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374663/efficacy-of-meaning-centered-group-psychotherapy-for-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
N van der Spek, J Vos, C F van Uden-Kraan, W Breitbart, P Cuijpers, K Holtmaat, B I Witte, R A E M Tollenaar, I M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of meaning-centered group psychotherapy for cancer survivors (MCGP-CS) to improve personal meaning, compared with supportive group psychotherapy (SGP) and care as usual (CAU). METHOD: A total of 170 cancer survivors were randomly assigned to one of the three study arms: MCGP-CS (n = 57); SGP (n = 56); CAU (n = 57). The primary outcome measure was the Personal Meaning Profile (PMP; total score). Secondary outcome measures were subscales of the PMP, psychological well-being (Scales of Psychological Well-being; SPWB), post-traumatic growth (Posttraumatic Growth Inventory), Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MAC), optimism (Life Orientation Test-Revised), hopelessness (Beck's Hopelessness Scale), psychological distress (anxiety and depression, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; HADS) and quality of life (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire; EORTC QLQ-C30)...
April 4, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343403/meaning-in-life-resilience-and-psychological-well-being-among-children-affected-by-parental-hiv
#13
Hongfei Du, Xiaoming Li, Peilian Chi, Junfeng Zhao, Guoxiang Zhao
Meaning in life has been posited to improve psychological well-being. People facing adversities can reduce psychological distress through pursuing a sense of purpose in life. However, the effectiveness of meaning in life in promoting psychological well-being has been found varied, and what factors may affect the function of meaning in life remain unclear. In this paper, the authors suggest that resilience, the positive adaptation during or following significant adversity, can strengthen the protective effects of meaning in life on psychological well-being...
March 26, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331421/factors-affecting-intention-to-undergo-dementia-screening
#14
Shinya Takeda, Maki Ota, Toshiatsu Taniguchi
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we focused on the main perception-related factors that affect people's intention to undergo dementia screening. METHODS: The 344 subjects that answered all the survey questions were included in the analysis. Data on the following variables were collected: Basic attributes such as age, sex, years of education, and number of people in the household; degree of intention to undergo dementia screening; degree of awareness of the seriousness of the consequences of dementia; degree of awareness that the person may someday develop dementia; degree of awareness of their ability to prevent dementia; availability of social support; degree of knowledge of lifestyle habits that can prevent dementia; role in the community and purpose in life...
March 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329409/spiritual-aspects-of-living-with-infertility-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#15
REVIEW
Joana Romeiro, Sílvia Caldeira, Vivienne Brady, Fiona Timmins, Jenny Hall
AIM: To identify the spiritual aspects of patients experiencing infertility and seek a deeper and broader meaning of the involuntary childlessness experience. BACKGROUND: Infertility can be the cause for a spiritual crisis among some couples. Those who endure this involuntary childlessness condition frequently experience contradictory feelings and needs. In this context, core aspects of spirituality such as meaning and purpose in life are often questioned. DESIGN: A review and synthesis of qualitative empirical research was undertaken in order to seek a deeper understanding of the spiritual aspects of patients' experiences of infertility...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327507/variation-in-older-adult-characteristics-by-residence-type-and-use-of-home-and-community-based-services
#16
Heidi H Ewen, Tiffany R Washington, Kerstin G Emerson, Andrew T Carswell, Matthew Lee Smith
Background: The majority of older adults prefer to remain in their homes, or to "age-in-place." To accomplish this goal, many older adults will rely upon home- and community-based services (HCBS) for support. However, the availability and accessibility of HCBS may differ based on whether the older adult lives in the community or in a senior housing apartment facility. Methods: This paper reports findings from the Pathways to Life Quality study of residential change and stability among seniors in upstate New York...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262657/-development-of-the-meaning-in-life-scale-for-older-adults
#17
Si Eun Lee, Gwi Ryung Son Hong
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the newly developed instrument, Meaning in Life, for elderly Korean people. METHODS: Ten older adults participated in the qualitative research used to develop the initial items. Participants for the psychometric testing were 371 community-dwelling older adults. Validity and reliability analyses included content, construct, and criterion-related validities, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192004/psychological-resources-and-glucoregulation-in-japanese-adults-findings-from-midja
#18
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Vera K Tsenkova, Yuri Miyamoto, Carol D Ryff
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between glucoregulation and 3 categories of psychological resources: hedonic well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect), eudaimonic well-being (i.e., personal growth, purpose in life, ikigai), and interdependent well-being (i.e., gratitude, peaceful disengagement, adjustment) among Japanese adults. The question is important given increases in rates of type 2 diabetes in Japan in recent years, combined with the fact that most prior studies linking psychological resources to better physical health have utilized Western samples...
May 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127002/perceived-stress-and-well-being-among-dental-hygiene-and-dental-therapy-students
#19
M Harris, J C Wilson, S Holmes, D R Radford
Aims To explore dental hygiene and dental therapy students' (DHDTS') perception of stress and well-being during their undergraduate education and establish base-line data for further studies of this group of dental professionals.Subjects and methods A questionnaire was distributed to Years 1, 2 and 3 DHDTS and final year outreach dental students (DS) (as a comparison group), at the University of Portsmouth Dental Academy (UPDA), during summer 2015. Data were collected on students' perception of levels of stress and well-being...
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045700/exploring-meaning-in-the-life-of-chinese-breast-cancer-survivors
#20
Hao-Zhi Xia, Lei Gao, Hong Yue, Bao-Xin Shi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide, and spiritual fulfillment such as experiencing meaning in life plays an important role in coping with the disease. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to explore and understand Chinese breast cancer survivors' perspective on meaning in life. METHODS: This study used Grounded Theory; 23 participants were recruited using convenience sampling, purposive sampling, and theoretical sampling...
December 30, 2016: Cancer Nursing
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