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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928689/exploring-the-possibility-of-peak-individualism-humanity-s-existential-crisis-and-an-emerging-age-of-purpose
#1
Gabriel B Grant
There is an emerging cultural narrative in the United States that we are entering an age of purpose-that millennials, more than any other generation, are searching for purpose and purposeful work (Sheahan, 2005) and that we are entering an era or economy of purpose (Hurst, 2014). For profit, non-profit, and educational institutions are perceiving and adapting to serve millennials' demand for purpose in life, specifically within the workplace (Klein et al., 2015). Yet, longitudinal studies of purpose do not exist, and millennials are also referred to as GenMe...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925347/positive-psychosocial-factors-and-cognition-in-ethnically-diverse-older-adults
#2
Laura B Zahodne, Caitlin W-M Watson, Sonia Seehra, Michelle N Martinez
OBJECTIVES: Cross-sectional and longitudinal evidence from largely non-Hispanic White cohorts suggests that positive psychosocial factors, particularly self-efficacy and social support, may protect against late-life cognitive decline. Identifying potentially protective factors in racial/ethnic minority elders is of high importance due to their increased risk of Alzheimer's disease. The overall goal of this study was to characterize cross-sectional associations between positive psychosocial factors and cognitive domains among Black, Hispanic, and White older adults...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924984/body-image-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-validation-of-the-body-investment-scale-in-participants-with-eating-disorders
#3
J H Marco, M Cañabate, J García-Alandete, G Llorca, M Real-López, M Beltrán, S Pérez
The Body Investment Scale (BIS) assesses body image feelings, body care, protection of the body, and comfort in touch, in order to identify and distinguish participants with self-harming and self-destructive tendencies. However, the psychometric properties of the BIS were not analysed in participants diagnosed with eating disorders. The main objective of the present study is to confirm the factor structure of the Spanish version of the BIS and analyse its psychometric properties in a sample composed of women diagnosed with eating disorders...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883772/comparison-of-resilience-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-women-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-normal-women
#4
Hosien Shahdadi, Abbas Balouchi, Ameneh Shaykh
INTRODUCTION: Resilience and Psychological Wellbeing are two important concepts in adaption of patients to chronic disease conditions. GOAL: To compare resilience and psychological wellbeing in women with irritable bowel syndrome and normal women. METHODS: This was an analytical-comparative study. The statistical population consisted of all patients with irritable bowel syndrome visiting Imam Ali Hospital in Zahedan. Of all patients, 50 female patients with irritable bowel syndrome and 50 normal women were randomly selected and matched...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872936/quantitative-and-qualitative-evaluations-of-the-enhanced-logo-autobiography-program-for-korean-american-women
#5
Kyung Mi Sung, Kunsook Bernstein
This study extends Bernstein et al.'s (2016) investigation of the effects of the Enhanced Logo-autobiography Program on Korean-American women's depressive symptoms, coping strategies, purpose in life, and posttraumatic growth by analyzing quantitative and qualitative data. This study's participants significantly improved on quantitative measures of depression, coping strategies, purpose in life, and post-traumatic growth at eight weeks post-intervention and follow-up. The qualitative content analysis revealed 17 themes with five essential themes...
September 5, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846800/trajectories-of-posttraumatic-growth-among-us-military-veterans-a-4-year-nationally-representative-prospective-cohort-study
#6
J Tsai, R H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the nature and determinants of predominant trajectories of posttraumatic growth (PTG) over time. METHOD: Using data from a prospective, nationally representative survey of 2718 US veterans assessed in 2011, 2013, and 2015, we used latent growth mixture modeling to identify PTG trajectories, and to examine key determinants of PTG trajectories from a comprehensive set of sociodemographic, military, health, and psychosocial variables...
August 28, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830399/why-older-workers-work-beyond-the-retirement-age-a-qualitative-study
#7
Ranu Sewdas, Astrid de Wind, Lennart G L van der Zwaan, Wieke E van der Borg, Romy Steenbeek, Allard J van der Beek, Cécile R L Boot
BACKGROUND: The aims of the present study were to: 1) gain insight into reasons for working beyond the statutory retirement age from older workers' perspectives, and 2) explore how the domains of the research framework Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM) can be applied to working beyond retirement age. METHODS: A qualitative research design included individual interviews (n = 15) and three focus groups (n = 18 participants) conducted with older workers aged 65 years and older continuing in a paid job or self-employment...
August 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813554/association-between-purpose-in-life-and-objective-measures-of-physical-function-in-older-adults
#8
Eric S Kim, Ichiro Kawachi, Ying Chen, Laura D Kubzansky
Importance: Higher purpose in life is hypothesized to reduce the likelihood of developing weak grip strength and slow walking speed because purpose has been linked with a range of positive health behaviors and biological processes that are potentially protective against declining physical function. However, the association between purpose in life and objective physical function has not been examined. Objective: To assess whether higher purpose in life among adequately functioning older adults is associated with lower risk of developing weak grip strength and slow walking speed over time...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810459/a-purposeful-lifestyle-is-a-healthful-lifestyle-linking-sense-of-purpose-to-self-rated-health-through-multiple-health-behaviors
#9
Patrick L Hill, Grant W Edmonds, Sarah E Hampson
Having a purpose in life has been consistently linked to subjective and objective health markers. Using data from the Hawaii Study of Personality and Health ( n = 749, Mage = 60.1 years), we tested multiple health behaviors as unique mediators of the correlation between sense of purpose and self-rated health ( r = .29). Correlational analyses found that participants' sense of purpose was positively associated with their reports of vigorous and moderate activity, vegetable intake, flossing, and sleep quality...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780129/purpose-in-life-and-hospitalization-for-ambulatory-care-sensitive-conditions-in-old-age
#10
Robert S Wilson, Ana W Capuano, Bryan D James, Priscilla Amofa, Zoe Arvanitakis, Raj Shah, David A Bennett, Patricia A Boyle
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that higher level of purpose in life is associated with lower subsequent odds of hospitalization. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Participants' residences in the Chicago metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 805 older persons who completed uniform annual clinical evaluations. MEASUREMENTS: Participants annually completed a standard self-report measure of purpose in life, a component of well-being...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733341/activity-limitations-and-subjective-well-being-after-stroke
#11
Darin B Zahuranec, Lesli E Skolarus, Chunyang Feng, Vicki A Freedman, James F Burke
OBJECTIVE: As limitations in activities of daily living are major components of many stroke outcome scales, we examined how well activity limitations predicted subjective well-being among stroke survivors in a nationally representative survey. METHODS: Individuals with a self-reported history of stroke were identified from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Subjective well-being (primary outcome) was assessed with a validated 7-item measure (higher = greater well-being) assessing emotions (cheerful, bored, full of life, and upset) and self-realization (purpose in life, self-acceptance, and environmental mastery)...
August 29, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723987/impaired-religiosity-and-spiritual-distress-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#12
Clarissa Mourão Pinho, Eduardo Tavares Gomes, Maria de Fátima Cordeiro Trajano, Aracele Tenório de Almeida E Cavalcanti, Maria Sandra Andrade, Marília Perrelli Valença
Objective: To verify the inference of Nursing Diagnoses, Impaired religiosity and Spiritual distress in people living with HIV/AIDS. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, performed in a specialized Service CenteR of Recife, Pernambuco, from June to November 2015. The results related to 52 people living with HIV/AIDS and that were interviewed were analyzed by three nurse judges. Results: Spiritual distress was estimated at 73...
July 13, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693701/the-role-of-hopelessness-and-meaning-in-life-in-a-clinical-sample-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts
#13
Sandra Pérez Rodríguez, José H Marco Salvador, Joaquín García-Alandete
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts (SA) lie on a continuum of self-harm, and literature has shown that patients with suicidal intent constitute a more severe group. METHOD: This study aimed to explore differences in the facets of hopelessness (Beck Hopelessness Scale) and meaning in life (Purpose in Life Test) in a clinical sample of 150 patients with a diagnosis of a mental disorder with: a) no NSSI/SA, b) only NSSI, or c) SA/NSSI and SA...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677991/purpose-in-life-and-positive-health-outcomes-among-older-adults
#14
Shirley Musich, Shaohung S Wang, Sandra Kraemer, Kevin Hawkins, Ellen Wicker
Purpose in life (PIL) is conceptualized as having goals, a sense of direction, and a feeling that there is meaning to present and past life. PIL has been associated with positive health outcomes among older adults, including fewer chronic conditions, less disability, and reduced mortality. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of PIL among AARP Medicare Supplement insureds, identify associated characteristics, and measure impact on selected health outcomes. In 2016, surveys were sent to a random stratified sample; PIL was measured using a 7-item scale with 5 responses...
July 5, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651671/purpose-in-life-test-comparison-of-the-main-models-in-patients-with-mental-disorders
#15
Joaquín García-Alandete, José H Marco, Sandra Pérez
The aim of this study was to compare the main proposed models for the Purpose-In-Life Test, a scale for assessing meaning in life, in 229 Spanish patients with mental disorders (195 females and 34 males, aged 13-68, M = 34.43, SD = 12.19). Confirmatory factor-analytic procedures showed that the original model of the Purpose-In-Life Test, a 20-item unidimensional scale, obtained a better fit than the other analyzed models, SBχ2(df) = 326.27(170), SBχ2/df = 1.92, TLI = .93, CFI = .94, IFI = .94, RMSEA = .063 (90% CI [...
June 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613996/personal-resilience-resources-predict-post-stem-cell-transplant-cancer-survivors-psychological-outcomes-through-reductions-in-depressive-symptoms-and-meaning-making
#16
Rebecca A Campo, Lisa M Wu, Jane Austin, Heiddis Valdimarsdottir, Christine Rini
This longitudinal study examined whether post-transplant cancer survivors (N = 254, 9 months to 3 years after stem cell transplant treatment) with greater personal resilience resources demonstrated better psychological outcomes and whether this could be attributed to reductions in depressive symptoms and/or four meaning-making processes (searching for and finding reasons for one's illness; searching for and finding benefit from illness). Hierarchical linear regression analyses examined associations of survivors' baseline personal resilience resources (composite variable of self-esteem, mastery, and optimism), which occurred an average of 1...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593462/moderators-of-the-effects-of-meaning-centered-group-psychotherapy-in-cancer-survivors-on-personal-meaning-psychological-well-being-and-distress
#17
Karen Holtmaat, Nadia van der Spek, Birgit I Witte, William Breitbart, Pim Cuijpers, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
PURPOSE: There is evidence to support that meaning-centered group psychotherapy for cancer survivors (MCGP-CS) is an effective intervention for improving personal meaning and psychological well-being, as well as reducing psychological distress. In order to investigate which subpopulations MCGP-CS specifically benefits, this explorative study aims to analyze potential sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors that may moderate the effects. METHODS: Cancer survivors (N = 114) were randomly assigned to MCGP-CS, or care as usual (CAU)...
June 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572342/mysterious-unchanging-dna-finds-a-purpose-in-life
#18
Elizabeth Pennisi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551694/-association-of-the-meaning-of-life-with-satisfaction-the-occurrence-of-subjective-complaints-and-the-family-s-economic-status-in-the-population-of-lower-secondary-school-students
#19
Dorota Zawadzka, Magdalena Stalmach, Anna Oblacińska, Izabela Tabak
INTRODUCTION: Feeling of meaning in life is extremely crucial factor of mental health. The lack of it can result in various disorders. Many authors, especially those connected with current of humanistic psychology underline the teenagers' life sense. THE AIM: The aim of the paper was to examine the level of satisfaction with life, the frequency of psychosomatic complaints by junior high school students as well as the estimation of economical status of family and the analysis of meaning in life with above mentioned factors...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541074/purpose-in-life-in-als-patient-caregiver-dyads-a-multilevel-longitudinal-analysis
#20
Natasha E Garcia, Jennifer N Morey, Edward J Kasarskis, Suzanne C Segerstrom
OBJECTIVE: Eudaemonic positive psychological health (PPH), such as purpose in life (PIL), may be maintained more than hedonic PPH, such as quality of life (QOL), for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their caregivers across the disease course. Furthermore, patients' and caregivers' PPH may impact one another. The present study examined (a) PIL and QOL variance structures; (b) PIL and QOL trajectories from diagnosis, approaching death, with disease severity; and (c) between-dyad and within-dyad relationships for PIL and QOL in patients with ALS and their caregivers...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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