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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143437/profiles-of-needs-satisfaction-and-thwarting-in-older-people-living-at-home-relationships-with-well-being-and-ill-being-indicators
#1
Charlotte Vanhove-Meriaux, Guillaume Martinent, Claude Ferrand
AIM: To examine the profiles of basic psychological needs satisfaction (BPNS) and thwarting (BPNT) in older people living at home, their relationship with well-being and ill-being indicators, and how BPNS and BPNT needs were related to these indicators using regression analyses. METHODS: Participants (n = 182; mean age 73.33 years; SD 7.07 years) completed the measures of BPNS, BPNT, purpose in life, personal growth, subjective vitality, self-esteem, positive and negative affective states, and depressive feelings...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134179/psychological-well-being-of-adolescents-with-physical-disabilities-in-zimbabwean-inclusive-community-settings-an-exploratory-study
#2
Jabulani Mpofu, Maximus M Sefotho, Jacobus G Maree
Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological well-being of adolescents with physical disabilities living in inclusive community settings of Makonde Urban in Zimbabwe. An inclusive community is one that aims to remove exclusionary practices within the community and promote community systems that accept all people irrespective of their difference. Inclusive communities on their own are not uniquely designed for people with disabilities, but most developing countries have adopted them as a basic strategy to influence and enhance psychological well-being of people with disabilities...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128685/unravelling-positive-aspects-of-caregiving-in-dementia-an-integrative-review-of-research-literature
#3
REVIEW
Doris S F Yu, Sheung-Tak Cheng, Jungfang Wang
BACKGROUND: Family caregiving is the crucial informal care resource to lessen the burdens associated with dementia. Research in this field has focused on reducing the caregiver's burden, but little attention has been given to promoting the positive aspects of caregiving. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic critical review of research on the nature of positive aspects of caregiving, and the factors predicting this phenomenon among family caregivers of dementia patients, with the ultimate purpose of gaining insights to explain how and why it emerges...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095115/the-contribution-of-mastery-to-mental-health-and-purpose-in-life-among-female-veterans-with-disabilities-in-israel
#4
Ela Koren, Alana Siegel, Avital Shlezinger, Maayan Sher-Dotan, Rachel Dekel
Self-report questionnaires assessing mental health, purpose in life (PIL) and mastery were administered to 61 female veterans with disabilities (FVWD) and compared 72 demographically matched women in control group without disabilities to learn about use of personal resources in promoting well-being and resilience. Age range was 20-82; average age was 48.87. Data were collected in Israel.  FVWD reported significantly lower levels of mental health, PIL, and mastery than the comparison group. Group affiliation moderated association between mastery and mental health, and between mastery and purpose in life...
November 2, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062387/limitations-of-workers-diagnosed-with-cancer-evaluated-with-work-role-functioning-questionnaire-br
#5
Cristiane H Gallasch, Neusa Mc Alexandre, Sergio Cb Esteves, Helena F Gomes, Elaine Cl da Rocha, Patricia Cp Baptista
The main subject of the current study is to look into the limitations found in individuals diagnosed with cancer, considered a public health problem, especially in developing countries where the impact of this disease is expected to account for 80% of 20 million new cases estimated worldwide by 2025. For some patients undergoing treatment, continuing to be professionally active is challenging especially considering that work fosters a purpose in life, a sense of contribution, distraction, and self-esteem, which aids in physical, cognitive, emotional, and interpersonal recovery...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059208/psychological-well-being-in-elderly-adults-with-extraordinary-episodic-memory
#6
Amanda Cook Maher, Stephanie Kielb, Emmaleigh Loyer, Maureen Connelley, Alfred Rademaker, M-Marsel Mesulam, Sandra Weintraub, Dan McAdams, Regina Logan, Emily Rogalski
OBJECTIVES: The Northwestern University SuperAging Program studies a rare cohort of individuals over age 80 with episodic memory ability at least as good as middle-age adults to determine what factors contribute to their elite memory performance. As psychological well-being is positively correlated with cognitive performance in older adults, the present study examined whether aspects of psychological well-being distinguish cognitive SuperAgers from their cognitively average-for-age, same-age peers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057032/decreased-drinking-and-alcoholics-anonymous-are-associated-with-different-dimensions-of-spirituality
#7
Amy R Krentzman, Stephen Strobbe, J Irene Harris, Jennifer M Jester, Elizabeth A R Robinson
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a spiritual program and involvement in it has been associated with increases in spirituality. Some who pursue recovery outside AA also use spirituality for support. Decreasing drinking without AA involvement might result in spiritual change, but this has not been explored in previous research. This study investigates drinking and AA behavior to determine their association with seven dimensions of subsequent spirituality. METHODS: A 30-month panel study recruited 364 individuals with alcohol dependence...
September 2017: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036443/the-association-of-perceived-mental-stress-sense-of-purpose-in-life-and-negative-life-events-with-the-risk-of-incident-herpes-zoster-and-postherpetic-neuralgia-the-shez-study
#8
Yukiko Takao, Yoshinobu Okuno, Yasuko Mori, Hideo Asada, Koichi Yamanishi, Hiroyasu Iso
This population-based prospective study examined the relationships of perceived mental stress, sense of purpose in life, and negative life events to the incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). The data were collected from 12,359 participants (aged ≥50 years old in Shozu County, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan) who answered a self-completed health questionnaire. During a 3-year follow-up between December 2008 and November 2012, HZ and PHN were diagnosed in 400 and 79 subjects, respectively...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990965/calling-to-nursing-concept-analysis
#9
Christie Emerson
The aims of this article are (a) to analyze the concept of a calling as it relates nursing and (b) to develop a definition of calling to nursing with the detail and clarity needed to guide reliable and valid research. The classic steps described by Walker and Avant are used for the analysis. Literature from several disciplines is reviewed including vocational psychology, Christian career counseling, sociology, organizational management, and nursing. The analysis provides an operational definition of a calling to nursing and establishes 3 defining attributes of the concept: (a) a passionate intrinsic motivation or desire (perhaps with a religious component), (b) an aspiration to engage in nursing practice, as a means of fulfilling one's purpose in life, and (c) the desire to help others as one's purpose in life...
October 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944679/risk-and-protective-factors-for-health-related-quality-of-life-among-persons-aging-with-hiv
#10
Annie L Nguyen, Candice J McNeil, S Duke Han, Scott D Rhodes
For persons living with HIV, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) may be threatened by physical and mental conditions but may be protected by positive psychological traits. We performed an exploratory look at the risk and protective factors for HRQOL in older adults living with HIV. Cross-sectional analyses of baseline data from the Rush Center of Excellence on Disparities in HIV and Aging (CEDHA), a community-based cohort of persons ages ≥50 living with HIV (n = 176) were performed. Analyses examined the relationship between risk/protective factors and two outcomes (i...
September 25, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928689/exploring-the-possibility-of-peak-individualism-humanity-s-existential-crisis-and-an-emerging-age-of-purpose
#11
Gabriel B Grant
There is an emerging cultural narrative in the United States that we are entering an age of purpose-that millennials, more than any other generation, are searching for purpose and purposeful work (Sheahan, 2005) and that we are entering an era or economy of purpose (Hurst, 2014). For profit, non-profit, and educational institutions are perceiving and adapting to serve millennials' demand for purpose in life, specifically within the workplace (Klein et al., 2015). Yet, longitudinal studies of purpose do not exist, and millennials are also referred to as GenMe...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925347/positive-psychosocial-factors-and-cognition-in-ethnically-diverse-older-adults
#12
Laura B Zahodne, Caitlin W-M Watson, Sonia Seehra, Michelle N Martinez
OBJECTIVES: Cross-sectional and longitudinal evidence from largely non-Hispanic White cohorts suggests that positive psychosocial factors, particularly self-efficacy and social support, may protect against late-life cognitive decline. Identifying potentially protective factors in racial/ethnic minority elders is of high importance due to their increased risk of Alzheimer's disease. The overall goal of this study was to characterize cross-sectional associations between positive psychosocial factors and cognitive domains among Black, Hispanic, and White older adults...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924984/body-image-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-validation-of-the-body-investment-scale-in-participants-with-eating-disorders
#13
J H Marco, M Cañabate, J García-Alandete, G Llorca, M Real-López, M Beltrán, S Pérez
The Body Investment Scale (BIS) assesses body image feelings, body care, protection of the body, and comfort in touch, in order to identify and distinguish participants with self-harming and self-destructive tendencies. However, the psychometric properties of the BIS were not analysed in participants diagnosed with eating disorders. The main objective of the present study is to confirm the factor structure of the Spanish version of the BIS and analyse its psychometric properties in a sample composed of women diagnosed with eating disorders...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883772/comparison-of-resilience-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-women-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-normal-women
#14
Hosien Shahdadi, Abbas Balouchi, Ameneh Shaykh
INTRODUCTION: Resilience and Psychological Wellbeing are two important concepts in adaption of patients to chronic disease conditions. GOAL: To compare resilience and psychological wellbeing in women with irritable bowel syndrome and normal women. METHODS: This was an analytical-comparative study. The statistical population consisted of all patients with irritable bowel syndrome visiting Imam Ali Hospital in Zahedan. Of all patients, 50 female patients with irritable bowel syndrome and 50 normal women were randomly selected and matched...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872936/quantitative-and-qualitative-evaluations-of-the-enhanced-logo-autobiography-program-for-korean-american-women
#15
Kyung Mi Sung, Kunsook Bernstein
This study extends Bernstein et al.'s (2016) investigation of the effects of the Enhanced Logo-autobiography Program on Korean-American women's depressive symptoms, coping strategies, purpose in life, and posttraumatic growth by analyzing quantitative and qualitative data. This study's participants significantly improved on quantitative measures of depression, coping strategies, purpose in life, and post-traumatic growth at eight weeks post-intervention and follow-up. The qualitative content analysis revealed 17 themes with five essential themes...
September 5, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846800/trajectories-of-posttraumatic-growth-among-us-military-veterans-a-4-year-nationally-representative-prospective-cohort-study
#16
J Tsai, R H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the nature and determinants of predominant trajectories of posttraumatic growth (PTG) over time. METHOD: Using data from a prospective, nationally representative survey of 2718 US veterans assessed in 2011, 2013, and 2015, we used latent growth mixture modeling to identify PTG trajectories, and to examine key determinants of PTG trajectories from a comprehensive set of sociodemographic, military, health, and psychosocial variables...
November 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830399/why-older-workers-work-beyond-the-retirement-age-a-qualitative-study
#17
Ranu Sewdas, Astrid de Wind, Lennart G L van der Zwaan, Wieke E van der Borg, Romy Steenbeek, Allard J van der Beek, Cécile R L Boot
BACKGROUND: The aims of the present study were to: 1) gain insight into reasons for working beyond the statutory retirement age from older workers' perspectives, and 2) explore how the domains of the research framework Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM) can be applied to working beyond retirement age. METHODS: A qualitative research design included individual interviews (n = 15) and three focus groups (n = 18 participants) conducted with older workers aged 65 years and older continuing in a paid job or self-employment...
August 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813554/association-between-purpose-in-life-and-objective-measures-of-physical-function-in-older-adults
#18
Eric S Kim, Ichiro Kawachi, Ying Chen, Laura D Kubzansky
Importance: Higher purpose in life is hypothesized to reduce the likelihood of developing weak grip strength and slow walking speed because purpose has been linked with a range of positive health behaviors and biological processes that are potentially protective against declining physical function. However, the association between purpose in life and objective physical function has not been examined. Objective: To assess whether higher purpose in life among adequately functioning older adults is associated with lower risk of developing weak grip strength and slow walking speed over time...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810459/a-purposeful-lifestyle-is-a-healthful-lifestyle-linking-sense-of-purpose-to-self-rated-health-through-multiple-health-behaviors
#19
Patrick L Hill, Grant W Edmonds, Sarah E Hampson
Having a purpose in life has been consistently linked to subjective and objective health markers. Using data from the Hawaii Study of Personality and Health ( n = 749, Mage = 60.1 years), we tested multiple health behaviors as unique mediators of the correlation between sense of purpose and self-rated health ( r = .29). Correlational analyses found that participants' sense of purpose was positively associated with their reports of vigorous and moderate activity, vegetable intake, flossing, and sleep quality...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780129/purpose-in-life-and-hospitalization-for-ambulatory-care-sensitive-conditions-in-old-age
#20
Robert S Wilson, Ana W Capuano, Bryan D James, Priscilla Amofa, Zoe Arvanitakis, Raj Shah, David A Bennett, Patricia A Boyle
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that higher level of purpose in life is associated with lower subsequent odds of hospitalization. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Participants' residences in the Chicago metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 805 older persons who completed uniform annual clinical evaluations. MEASUREMENTS: Participants annually completed a standard self-report measure of purpose in life, a component of well-being...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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