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Wrist arthroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991594/evolution-and-inspiration-from-hand-and-wrist-arthroscopy
#1
EDITORIAL
Clara Wing-Yee Wong, Pak-Cheong Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991593/complications-of-wrist-and-hand-arthroscopy
#2
REVIEW
Zahab S Ahsan, Jeffrey Yao
Arthroscopy of the wrist continues to evolve and advance as a valuable clinical technique in hand surgery. This article aims to address safety of wrist arthroscopy and provide an overview of the known iatrogenic complications. Ultimately, the likelihood of associated injuries during wrist arthroscopy is dependent on the surgeon's ability and understanding of the equipment. Case volume and duration of experience directly correlate with mitigating iatrogenic injury and optimizing patient outcomes.
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991591/arthroscopic-management-of-scaphoid-trapezium-trapezoid-joint-arthritis
#3
REVIEW
Loris Pegoli, Alessandro Pozzi
Scaphoid-trapezium-trapezoid (STT) joint arthritis is a common condition consisting of pain on the radial side of the wrist and base of the thumb, swelling, and tenderness over the STT joint. Common symptoms are loss of grip strength and thumb function. There are several treatments, from symptomatic conservative treatment to surgical solutions, such as arthrodesis, arthroplasties, and prosthesis implant. The role of arthroscopy has grown and is probably the best treatment of this condition. Advantages of arthroscopic management of STT arthritis are faster recovery, better view of the joint during surgery, and possibility of creating less damage to the capsular and ligamentous structures...
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991586/arthroscopic-transplantation-of-osteochondral-autograft-for-treatment-of-cartilage-defects-in-the-wrist
#4
REVIEW
Pak-Cheong Ho, Wing-Lim Tse, Clara Wing-Yee Wong
Focal chondral lesions are a common cause of chronic wrist pain, with no ideal treatment. The authors developed arthroscopic transplantation of osteochondral autograft from lateral femoral condyle to distal radius with satisfactory outcome in 4 consecutive patients between December 2006 and December 2010. In all cases, graft incorporation was completed by 3 months to 4 months postoperation. All patients showed improvement in wrist function with no pain at follow-up at an average of 70.5 months (range 24-116 months)...
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991584/the-role-of-wrist-arthroscopy-in-kienbock-disease
#5
REVIEW
Simon B M MacLean, Karim Kantar, Gregory I Bain, David M Lichtman
Kienbock disease (KD) is a disease of uncertain etiology, leading to chondral and osseous change in the lunate and wrist. Traditionally, Lichtman's classification of KD, based on radiographic appearances, has been used to direct treatment. Diagnostic wrist arthroscopy allows direct assessment of the lunate and surrounding articulations. Wrist arthroscopy can also serve as a therapeutic tool for performing debridement, resection, or arthrodesis procedures. The new Lichtman-Bain algorithm takes into consideration the status of the lunate, the effect on the wrist, and surgical and patient factors to guide management...
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991583/midcarpal-instability-the-role-of-wrist-arthroscopy
#6
REVIEW
Ryan P C Higgin, David G Hargreaves
The evidence behind management options for midcarpal instability (MCI) is scarce, relying solely on case series. Established treatments cause significant loss of wrist motion. As understanding of the condition has progressed, surgeons have been trying soft tissue techniques. The treatment option should be chosen for the appropriate type and grade of MCI. The Hargreaves grading system for palmar MCI aids treatment decision-making. A possible role for arthroscopy in treatment of MCI has been developed using arthroscopic thermal capsular shrinkage, appropriate for cases with dynamic instabilities...
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991580/scaphoid-union-the-role-of-wrist-arthroscopy
#7
REVIEW
Jeff Ecker
There are times when clinical examinations, radiographs, and computed tomography scans do not provide sufficient information to know whether a scaphoid fracture or scaphoid bone graft has united, partially united, or not united. When this problem arises, arthroscopic examination of the scaphoid fracture or scaphoid bone graft provides additional information to solve the problem and plan further management in an evidence-based manner. The indications for the use of arthroscopy and surgical technique are described...
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991579/arthroscopic-management-of-intra-articular-malunion-in-fractures-of-the-distal-radius
#8
REVIEW
Francisco Del Piñal, James Clune
Treatment of intra-articular malunion of the distal radius has evolved over the past 20 years, from open treatment to wet then dry arthroscopic techniques that provide excellent results with less morbidity than open approaches. Dry wrist arthroscopy provides a well-visualized surgical space in treating intra-articular malunion and results in less edema than wet techniques. The best results are attained in the first 3 months after injury. Alternative methods for avoiding total wrist arthrodesis in those who present later have been developed...
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991578/arthroscopic-assisted-reduction-of-intra-articular-distal-radius-fracture
#9
REVIEW
Yukio Abe, Kenzo Fujii
Wrist arthroscopy is an efficient adjunct for intra-articular distal radius fracture fixation. However, performing wrist arthroscopy during the plate fixation is troublesome with the vertical traction applied and released. To facilitate the procedure, the authors developed a surgical technique, plate presetting arthroscopic reduction technique (PART), using a palmar locking plate. Since July 2005, they have performed PART for 248 intra-articular distal radius fractures with good and excellent results. Arthroscopic-assisted reduction of intra-articular fragments is superior to fluoroscopic assisted...
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991573/arthroscopic-management-of-triangular-fibrocartilage-complex-peripheral-injury
#10
REVIEW
Jan Ragnar Haugstvedt, Endre Søreide
Patients suffering from ulnar-sided wrist pain after trauma may develop tenderness, clicking, a positive fovea sign, or instability of the distal radioulnar joint. If the pain is persistent, conservative treatment does not help, and the patient agrees to surgery, arthroscopy may reveal a triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) injury with capsular detachment, foveal avulsion, or a combination thereof. Capsular reattachment is possible using an arthroscopic assisted technique. The reattachment can be performed with an inside-out, outside-in, or all-inside technique, providing good to excellent results, which tend to persist over time, in 60% to 90% of cases...
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991571/wrist-arthroscopy-under-portal-site-local-anesthesia-without-tourniquet-and-sedation
#11
REVIEW
Siu-Cheong Jeffrey Justin Koo, Pak-Cheong Ho
We had developed the technique of portal site local anaesthesia (PSLA) for wrist arthroscopy. Two percent lidocaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine is injected through a 25G needle to various portal sites. The radiocarpal joint is then distended with saline injection and portal is created with transverse superficial skin incision followed by dilation with curved hemostat. The patient is neither sedated, nor under general or regional anaesthesia. Tourniquet is not routinely used. PSLA can achieve satisfactory comfort level in 88% of our 111 patients without any complication...
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991570/diagnostic-wrist-arthroscopy
#12
REVIEW
Brett F Michelotti, Kevin C Chung
After reviewing this article, readers should have a comprehensive understanding of the indications for diagnostic arthroscopy, technical considerations in performing a systematic evaluation of the wrist, and limitations of this technique.
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928049/role-for-cementoplasty-in-intra-articular-distal-radius-fractures-cadaver-study-and-application-to-arthroscopy
#13
V Fontaine, M Grunberg, J Soret, K El-Youssef, L E Gayet, R Taberne
BACKGROUND: Die-punch intra-articular fractures of the distal radius raise surgical challenges. The residual articular step-off must be less than 1mm to prevent the development of radio-carpal osteoarthritis. The objectives of this cadaver study were to evaluate whether cementoplasty was effective in reducing die-punch fractures and to determine whether this technique was feasible as an arthroscopic procedure. HYPOTHESIS: Cementoplasty performed as an arthroscopic procedure is effective in treating die-punch fractures...
September 16, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885132/no-long-term-risk-of-wrist-osteoarthritis-due-to-subchondral-haematomas-in-distal-radial-fractures
#14
Ante Mrkonjic, Mats Geijer, Tommy Lindau, Magnus Tägil
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study of distal radius fractures was to determine if a subchondral haematoma in an unfractured compartment predicts secondary osteoarthritis. METHODS: In 1995-1997, 41 patients, 22 women, a median age of 41 years (20-57 years) with a displaced distal radius fracture underwent diagnostic wrist arthroscopy in addition to the fracture treatment. In 12 patients (7/12 women), subchondral haematomas were identified in a joint compartment not involved in the fracture...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829651/experiences-with-osteoligamentoplasty-according-to-weiss-for-the-treatment-of-scapholunate-dissociation
#15
W Petersen, J Rothenberger, H E Schaller, A Rahmanian-Schwarz, M Held
BACKGROUND: In post-traumatic, dynamic, or static scapholunate (SL) instability, an SL ligament reconstruction is advisable to avoid long-term complications. However, a sufficient primary reconstruction is best achieved in acute injuries. For chronic SL dissociation, there is still no satisfying standard surgical technique. In this context, we evaluated the clinical outcome of Weiss's osteoligamentoplasty as a treatment option. METHODS: Over a three-year period, 16 patients with chronic and symptomatic SL dissociation Grade-II and III, without the signs of osteoarthrosis were, surgically treated using a bone-retinaculum-bone autograft from the distal radius...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808768/high-resolution-mri-3t-mri-in-diagnosis-of-wrist-pain-is-diagnostic-arthroscopy-still-necessary
#16
Sabine Ochman, B Wieskötter, M Langer, V Vieth, M J Raschke, C Stehling
INTRODUCTION: 3T MRI has become increasingly available for better imaging of interosseous ligaments, TFCC, and avascular necrosis compared with 1.5T MRI. This study assesses the sensitivity and specificity of 3T MRI compared with arthroscopy as the gold standard. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients were examined with 3T MRI using coronal T1-TSE; PD-FS; and coronal, sagittal, and axial contrast-enhanced T1-FFE-FS sequences. Two musculoskeletal radiologists evaluated the images independently...
August 14, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737618/evaluation-of-ulnar-sided-wrist-pain
#17
Manuel F DaSilva, Avi D Goodman, Joseph A Gil, Edward Akelman
Determining the etiology of ulnar-sided wrist pain is often challenging. The condition may be acute or chronic, and differential diagnoses include injuries to the ulnar carpal bones, ligament tears, tendinitis, vascular conditions, osteoarthritis and systemic arthritis, and ulnar nerve compression. An anatomically based, methodical physical examination coupled with provocative maneuvers, including piano key, ulnar impaction, shuck, foveal stress, and extensor carpi ulnaris synergy tests, further defines the differential diagnosis...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643521/a-novel-all-inside-arthroscopic-technique-for-radial-sided-triangular-fibrocartilage-complex-tears-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Michael T Edgerton, Robert C Kollmorgen
BACKGROUND: Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) injuries are a known cause of ulnar-sided wrist pain. Wrist arthroscopy is the gold standard for diagnosis of these lesions and is becoming a more frequent method of treatment. Isolated radial-sided tears are uncommon and treatment of these lesions is controversial. There are few reports on repair techniques. Here we report on a novel arthroscopic, all-inside technique for traumatic radial-sided TFCC tears that resulted in full range of motion, significant improvement in pain, and ultimately return to sport...
September 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624019/scapholunate-dissociation-diagnostics-made-easy
#19
K C A L Cheriex, G S I Sulkers, M P Terra, N W L Schep, B J P L van Aard, S D Strackee
Scapholunate dissociation (SLD) is a form of carpal instability, caused by rupture of the scapholunate ligament (SLL) the secondary stabiliser of the scapholunate (SL) compartment. SLD can cause osteoarthritis of the wrist. Recently a study was published that shows cineradiography to be an excellent radiological imaging technique for diagnosing SLD at a tertiary centre for hand and wrist surgery [1]. As the quality of these results can be influenced by the expertise of the operator and observer of the cineradiographic studies, the aim of this study was to determine if these results were reproducible at a secondary centre for hand and wrist surgery with less expertise in wrist cineradiography...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594695/wrist-arthroscopy-in-children-and-adolescent-with-chronic-wrist-pain-arthroscopic-findings-compared-with-mri
#20
Ashok L Ramavath, P N Unnikrishnan, Harvey L George, Paramasivam Sathyamoorthy, Colin E Bruce
BACKGROUND: Wrist arthroscopy is a dynamic diagnostic procedure and its indications are growing as a treatment modality in the adult population. The aim of the study was to retrospectively report our series of pediatric and adolescence with chronic wrist pain, with or without wrist instability who underwent wrist arthroscopy after failing at least 4 months of conservative management. Our secondary aim was to report the sensitivity and specificity of clinical examination and magnetic resonance imaging evaluation for various injury subgroups against the gold standard of the arthroscopic findings...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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