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Total wrist replacement

Sebastian Breddam Mosegaard, Kamille Breddam Mosegaard, Nadia Bouteldja, Torben Bæk Hansen, Maiken Stilling
Bone density may influence the primary fixation of cementless implants, and poor bone density may increase the risk of implant failure. Before deciding on using total joint replacement as treatment in osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint, it is valuable to determine the trapezium bone density. The aim of this study was to: (1) determine the correlation between measurements of bone mineral density of the trapezium obtained by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans by a circumference method and a new inner-ellipse method; and (2) to compare those to measurements of bone density obtained by computerized tomography (CT)-scans in Hounsfield units (HU)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
Hee Jin Park, So Yeon Lee, Kyung A Kang, Eun Young Kim, Hun Kyu Shin, Se Jin Park, Jai Hyung Park, Eugene Kim
OBJECTIVE: To compare image quality of three-dimensional volume isotropic T2 weighted fast spin echo (3D VISTA) and two-dimensional (2D) T2 weighted images (T2WI) for evaluation of triangular fibrocartilage (TFC) and to investigate whether 3D VISTA can replace 2D T2 WI in evaluating TFC injury. METHODS: This retrospective study included 69 patients who received wrist MRIs using both 2D T2 WI and 3D VISTA techniques for assessment of wrist pathology, including TFC injury...
April 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Markus Nowak, Thomas Eiband, Claudio Castellini
Myocontrol, that is control of prostheses using bodily signals, has proved in the decades to be a surprisingly hard problem for the scientific community of assistive and rehabilitation robotics. In particular, traditional surface electromyography (sEMG) seems to be no longer enough to guarantee dexterity (i.e., control over several degrees of freedom) and, most importantly, reliability. Multi-modal myocontrol is concerned with the idea of using novel signal gathering techniques as a replacement of, or alongside, sEMG, to provide high-density and diverse signals to improve dexterity and make the control more reliable...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
Sandra Pfanner, Giovanni Munz, Giulia Guidi, Massimo Ceruso
Purpose  The aim of this study was to evaluate the mid- to long-term outcomes and complications in patients affected by rheumatic diseases treated with the Universal 2 (U2) total wrist arthroplasty (TWA). Methods  We reviewed, in a retrospective, noncontrolled cohort study, 22 patients affected by rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who underwent U2 total wrist replacement between March 2003 and January 2014 for the treatment of 23 rheumatoid wrists with the aim of obtaining the remission of pain and a range of motion (ROM) useful for daily activities, according to the patients' demands, as an alternative to total wrist arthrodesis...
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Ather Mirza, Justin Mirza, Chris Healy, Vishaaq Mathew, Brian Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the article was to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes in a case series of unstable metacarpal fractures treated with flexible intramedullary nail (IMN) fixation. METHODS: A total of 55 patients with unstable metacarpal fractures between 2003 and 2010 were treated with IMN fixation and followed for a minimum of 1 year. The outcomes were assessed via a radiological study of longitudinal and angular collapse, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score, total active range of motion (ROM) of the wrist, and grip strength testing...
March 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Chantal M Koolhaas, Frank J A van Rooij, Josje D Schoufour, Magda Cepeda, Henning Tiemeier, Soren Brage, Oscar H Franco
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the distribution of activity over the full 24-hour spectrum in late old age and its association with demographic and health factors. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the distribution of physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, and sleep, and associated factors in the elderly population. METHODS: Our study included 1210 participants (51.9% women) aged 70-94 years [mean age 77.5 years, standard deviation (SD) 5.0] from the population-based Rotterdam Study...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Gang Wang, Michael D Poscente, Simon S Park, Christopher N Andrews, Orly Yadid-Pecht, Martin P Mintchev
This paper presents a wearable microsystem for minimally invasive, autonomous, and pseudo-continuous blood glucose monitoring, addressing a growing demand for replacing tedious fingerpricking tests for diabetic patients. Unlike prevalent solutions which estimate blood glucose levels from interstitial fluids or tears, our design extracts a whole blood sample from a small lanced skin wound using a novel shape memory alloy (SMA)-based microactuator and directly measures the blood glucose level from the sample...
October 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Timothy A Roehrs, Thomas Roth
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine whether presurgery sleep extension in short-sleeping volunteers scheduled for total knee/hip replacement surgery would reduce postsurgery pain and analgesic use. METHODS: Eighteen short sleepers, defined by sleep times below the national mean (ie, ≤7 h) nightly, were randomized to one week of a 2-h nightly extension of their time in bed (EXT) or maintenance of their habitual time in bed (HAB) prior to knee or hip replacement surgery...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
A Marcuzzi, F Colantonio, G Petrella, H Ozben, A Russomando
Kienböck disease is an aseptic osteonecrosis of the lunate, which gradually leads to total carpal collapse. Lichtman's classification relates radiographic evidence of wrist damage to four different stages and supports surgical decision-making. This study pertains to six patients (2 males and 4 females) affected by stage IV Kienböck's disease who underwent proximal row carpectomy and received an RCPI implant. The clinical outcomes consisted of wrist range of motion (ROM), pain on a VAS scale (0-10), the DASH score and the patient's level of satisfaction...
April 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Jessy Lauer, Annie Hélène Rouard, João Paulo Vilas-Boas
The human musculoskeletal system must modulate work and power output in response to substantial alterations in mechanical demands associated with different tasks. In particular, in water, upper limb muscles must perform net positive work to replace the energy lost against the dissipative fluid load. Where in the upper limb are work and power developed? Is mechanical output modulated similarly at all joints, or are certain muscle groups favored? This study examined, for the first time, how work and power per stroke are distributed at the upper limb joints in seven male participants sculling while ballasted with 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 kg...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
L S Moulton, G E B Giddins
The use of implant arthroplasty in the hand and wrist is increasing, often with little evidence of outcomes in the literature. We therefore undertook a systematic review of the outcomes of distal radio-ulnar joint arthroplasties following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Papers were assessed for outcomes, implant survival and methodological quality. Fourteen papers assessed ulna head replacements. The implant survival rate was 93% at a mean follow-up of 45 months...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Daisuke Nakajima, Toshiyuki Tateiwa, Toshinori Masaoka, Yasuhito Takahashi, Takaaki Shishido, Kengo Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a potential risk of intraoperative contamination associated with clothing systems and surgeon's motion in total joint replacement. METHODS: The airborne particle concentrations at different locations around a single operating surgeon wearing standard surgical gown (SG) or modern "space suit" (SS) were compared. The particles in the size of ≥0.5 μm (roughly corresponding to a mean diameter of squamous epithelial cells) were counted at the following three locations: (1) ≈10 cm inferior to the wrist; (2) ≈10 cm posterior to the feet; and (3) near the chest (operative field) under condition either with or without the surgeon's motion (stepping in place at ~1 Hz)...
December 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Vignesh Palanisamy, Arathi Rao, Ramya Shenoy, Suprabha Srikrishna Baranya
BACKGROUND: Growth can be one of the most uncertain variations, but understanding the same is very important for diagnosis and treatment planning. Skeletal age and dental age have been used to determine a child's developmental age. Several researchers have evaluated the association between dental and skeletal maturity with chronologic age on different population. The purpose of the present study was to find out whether dental age estimation can be replaced for skeletal age estimation in the Dakshina Kannada population...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Yun-Fa Yang, Jian-Wei Wang, Pin Huang, Zhong-He Xu
BACKGROUND: Giant cell tumors (GCTs) located in the distal radius are likely to recur, and the treatment of such recurrent tumors is very difficult. Here, we report our clinical experience in distal radius reconstruction with vascularized proximal fibular autografts after en-bloc excision of the entire distal radius in 17 patients with recurrent GCT (RGCT) of the distal radius. METHODS: All 17 patients with RGCT in distal radius underwent plain radiography and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the distal radius as the initial evaluation after hospitalization...
August 17, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Ilse Degreef
Background The elbow joint is a complex compound articulation, with a linking role within the upper limb kinematics. Its hinge function allows for proper placement of our working instrument (the hand) in the space surrounding us, directed by the shoulder joint. Both reliable mobility and stability are essential elements to allow for consistent bridging of the distance we aim to achieve in common daily activities. Sufficient flexion and extension are required to ensure both the patients' independence and the dignity...
April 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Masoud Mehrpour, Zahra Mirzaasgari, Mohammad Rohani, Mahdi Safdarian
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common peripheral entrapment neuropathy in patients with hypothyroid. The diagnosis of CTS is usually clinical and confirmed by electrodiagnostic (EDX) procedures. This study aimed to describe the diagnostic accuracy of high-resolution ultrasonography (US) as an alternative method to nerve conduction study (NCS) for the diagnosis of subclinical CTS in patients with hypothyroidism. METHODS: Between April 2013 and November 2014, from the patients with the diagnosis of hypothyroidism referring to the institute of endocrinology and metabolism of Firoozgar Hospital, Tehran, Iran, those who met our inclusion criteria entered this cross-sectional study...
April 3, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
V Moris, F Loisel, D Cheval, L A See, A Tchurukdichian, I Pluvy, F Gindraux, J Pauchot, N Zwetyenga, L Obert
This study was a retrospective evaluation of 18 patients with traumatic bone loss affecting the fingers, hand and wrist who were treated using the induced-membrane technique. Sixteen men and two women, mean age 54years (27-74) presented a hand injury including bone loss. Sixteen patients were treated on an emergency basis and two following nonunion of their fractures. There were 13 cases of open fracture of the phalanx and 5 cases of metacarpal fractures. These patients were treated with debridement and the injuries were covered when necessary...
April 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Jin-Xing Ma, Yong-Qing Xu
Total wrist arthroplasty are not used as widely as total knee and hip replacement. The functional hands are requiring surgeons to design a durable and functional satisfying prosthesis. This article will list the main reasons that cause the failure of the prosthesis. Some remarkable and representative prostheses are listed to show the devolvement of total wrist prosthesis and their individual special innovations to fix the problems. And the second part we will discuss the part that biomechanical elements act in the total wrist replacement (TWA)...
2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Michael P Gaspar, Jesse Lou, Patrick M Kane, Sidney M Jacoby, A Lee Osterman, Randall W Culp
PURPOSE: To describe our institution's experience with complications following partial and total wrist arthroplasty (TWA). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 105 wrist surgeries in 100 patients who underwent surgery with prosthetic replacement of the distal radius, the proximal carpus, or both at a single institution. Patient factors including age, sex, body mass index, handedness, underlying disease, and previous injury were recorded. Outcomes focused particularly on postoperative complications and need for revision surgery...
January 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
C-Y Chang, C-H Tang, K-C Chen, K-C Huang, K-C Huang
UNLABELLED: This study estimated the fracture-related mortality and direct medical costs among postmenopausal women in Taiwan by fracture types and age groups by utilizing a nationwide population-based database. Results demonstrated that hip fractures constituted the most severe and expensive complication of osteoporosis across fracture sites. INTRODUCTION: The aims of the study were to evaluate the risk of death and direct medical costs associated with osteoporotic fractures by fracture types and age groups among postmenopausal women in Taiwan...
February 2016: Osteoporosis International
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