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scapholunate instability

Jorge E Licano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Radiologic Technology
Kevin D Han, Jaehon M Kim, Michael V DeFazio, Ricardo J Bello, Ryan D Katz, Brent G Parks, Kenneth R Means
PURPOSE: A high incidence of nonunion and relatively poor outcomes with prior fixation techniques has precluded scapholunate (SL) arthrodesis as a standard treatment for SL instability. Our purpose was to determine the impact on range of motion (ROM) of simulated SL arthrodesis via headless screw fixation. METHODS: We performed baseline wrist ROM for 10 cadaveric wrists using a standardized mounting-and-weights system. Extension, flexion, radial deviation, ulnar deviation, dart-thrower's extension, and dart-thrower's flexion were assessed...
September 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Robin N Kamal, Adam Starr, Edward Akelman
The complex interaction of the carpal bones, their intrinsic and extrinsic ligaments, and the forces in the normal wrist continue to be studied. Factors that influence kinematics, such as carpal bone morphology and clinical laxity, continue to be identified. As imaging technology improves, so does our ability to better understand and identify these factors. In this review, we describe advances in our understanding of carpal kinematics and kinetics. We use scapholunate ligament tears as an example of the disconnect that exists between our knowledge of carpal instability and limitations in current reconstruction techniques...
October 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Luc Van Overstraeten, Emmanuel J Camus
The dorsal capsulo-scapholunate septum (DCSS) is an anatomic structure linking the scapholunate ligament and the dorsal capsule of the wrist. It should be a predynamic scapholunate stabilizer. The authors, using their experience for the extrinsic ligaments testing, suggest an arthroscopic testing of the DCSS. The status could be graded in 4 stages according to the trampoline aspect and to the fiber attachment. They report a preliminary study on a series of 53 arthroscopies made between January 2014 and December 2015 with evaluation of scapholunate ligament instability and DCSS laxity...
September 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Olga L Hincapie, Jeananne S Elkins, Laura Vasquez-Welsh
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. INTRODUCTION: Previously published studies demonstrate the importance of the sensory innervation of the carpal ligaments and the implication for the sensorimotor control of the wrist. In addition, this case considers key rehabilitation concepts to include the dart-throwing motion and the stabilizing effect of the forearm muscles. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe the rehabilitation program for a patient with chronic wrist pain, diagnosed with a partial tear of the dorsal intercarpal ligament and a sprain of the scapholunate ligament of the right wrist...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Mireia Esplugas, Marc Garcia-Elias, Alex Lluch, Manuel Llusá Pérez
This article reviews the results of a series of cadaver investigations aimed at clarifying the role of muscles in the stabilization of ligament-deficient wrists. According to these studies, isometric contraction of some forearm muscles induces midcarpal (MC) supination (ie, the abductor pollicis longus, extensor carpi radialis longus, and flexor carpi ulnaris), whereas other muscles induce MC pronation (ie, the extensor carpi ulnaris). Because MC supination implies tightening of the volar scaphoid-distal row ligaments, the MC supination muscles are likely to prevent scaphoid collapse of wrists with scapholunate ligament insufficiency...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Byoung-Jin Kim, David Kovacevic, Young-Min Lee, Jong-Hwan Seol, Myung-Sun Kim
BACKGROUND: To determine the association between lunate morphology and the scapholunate instability using radiographic images, and investigate the association between lunate morphology and scaphoid fracture location. METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2011, we retrospectively evaluated the plain radiographs and computed tomography (CT) images of 70 patients who underwent surgical intervention for a scaphoid nonunion, in order to determine the association between lunate type (I or II) and scapholunate instability or scaphoid fracture location...
June 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Luc Van Overstraeten, Emmanuel J Camus
Several biomechanical studies have shown that the scapholunate (SL) and lunotriquetral (LT) ligaments are not the only stabilizers of the proximal carpal row. However, no study has yet analyzed the range of ligament lesions leading to instability in vivo. Arthroscopy has been used to assess the condition of the wrist's extrinsic ligaments by palpating and tensioning the various ligament and capsule structures. In this prospective study, this arthroscopic method was used in 85 cases of wrist sprain without static instability to evaluate the correlation between lesions of the intrinsic and extrinsic carpal ligaments and carpal instability...
February 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
J Brunet, G Bacle, E Marteau, F Gadea, J Laulan
Secondary osteoarthritis due to a scapholunate malalignment is well known, but is debatable in cases of lunotriquetral malalignment. It has been shown that lunotriquetral malalignment can lead to midcarpal osteoarthritis. The hypothesis of this retrospective study was that a relationship exists between the presence of midcarpal osteoarthritis and the presence of lunotriquetral malalignment. All patients with midcarpal osteoarthritis, isolated or predominant, treated between 1981 and 2013 were reviewed. Intracarpal angles were measured and the relative position of the carpal bones was analyzed by two examiners...
February 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Jeffrey Yao, Dan A Zlotolow, Steve K Lee
Background Treating chronic scapholunate ligament injuries without the presence of arthritis remains an unsolved clinical problem facing wrist surgeons. This article highlights a technique for reconstructing the scapholunate ligament using novel fixation, the ScaphoLunate Axis Method (SLAM). Materials and Methods In a preliminary review of the early experience of this technique, 13 patients were evaluated following scapholunate ligament reconstruction utilizing the SLAM technique. Description of Techinque The scapholunate interval is reconstructed utilizing a palmaris longus autograft passed between the scaphoid and lunate along the axis of rotation in the sagittal plane...
March 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Denise Ramponi, Tara McSwigan
Wrist injuries are a common complaint in the emergency setting. Any disruption of the anatomy of the carpal bones can impair hand function, leading to pain, weakness, and complications. One of the most common forms of carpal bone instability is scapholunate dissociation. This injury can lead to significant morbidity including avascular necrosis, impaired healing, limited function, and arthritis. These diagnostic findings may be subtle, thus identifying high-risk mechanisms of injury, and clinical manifestations will assist the emergency practitioner with early diagnosis and treatment of this high-risk injury...
January 2016: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
Pak-Cheong Ho, Clara Wing-Yee Wong, Wing-Lim Tse
Background Both the dorsal and the volar portion of the scapholunate interosseous ligament (SLIL) are major stabilizers of the scapholunate (SL) joint. Most reconstruction methods to restore SL stability do not address the volar constraints and frequently fail to reduce the SL gapping. Wrist arthroscopy allows a complete evaluation of the SL interval, accompanying ligament status, and associated SL advanced collapse (SLAC) wrist changes. It enables simultaneous reconstruction of the dorsal and palmar SL ligaments anatomically with the use tendon graft in a boxlike structure...
November 2015: Journal of Wrist Surgery
T R Lindau
Carpal instability is predominantly caused by trauma and presents as a painful wrist with signs and symptoms of weakness, clicking, clunking and a sense of giving way. Wrist arthroscopy is widely regarded as the 'gold standard' in diagnosing and understanding carpal instability. This article is based on an extensive literature search to evaluate the evidence behind the use of wrist arthroscopy in the assessment and management of these patients. There is convincing evidence supporting the role of arthroscopy in diagnosis and assessment of factors involved in the development of carpal instability, but weak evidence for the effectiveness of arthroscopic techniques in the actual treatment of this condition...
January 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Virginia M Jones, Nathan G Everding, Jason M Desmarais, Maximillian C Soong
BACKGROUND: Prior to volar locked plating and early motion protocols, ligamentous injuries incidentally associated with distal radius fractures may have been indirectly treated with immobilization. Our goal was to determine the prevalence of scapholunate instability in our population, while identifying those who may have had progression of instability. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 221 distal radius fractures treated with a volar locking plate during a 6-year period...
December 2015: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Toshiyasu Nakamura, Koji Abe, Takuji Iwamoto, Kensuke Ochi, Kazuki Sato
Background The biomechanical properties of the capitohamate (CH) ligament are equivalent to those of the scapholunate (SL) interosseous ligament. We reconstructed the SL ligament using the CH bone-ligament-bone substitute for chronic injury of the SL ligament. Patients and Methods Beginning in 2008, 15 wrists of 14 patients with an average age of 38 years underwent this procedure with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Thirteen wrists had an SL joint gap more than 3 mm, and two had a complete SL ligament disruption with a severe dorsal intercalated segment instability (DISI) deformity...
November 2015: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Robert J van Kampen, Christopher O Bayne, Steven L Moran, Richard A Berger
Purpose In an attempt to restore natural carpal kinematics more closely, bone-ligament-bone (BLB) grafts have been described for treating scapholunate (SL) injury. In this article we report the long-term results of capitohamate BLB autograft for the treatment of SL dissociation. Methods The medical records of patients treated with capitohamate BLB grafts for SL dissociation were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-three patients were available for evaluation. Patients were sent a Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) and a Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) questionnaire and returned for exam...
November 2015: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Jinhai Guo, Fuguo Huang
OBJECTIVE: To review the research progress of the biomechanics of proximal row carpal instability (IPRC). METHODS: The related literature concerning IPRC was extensively reviewed. The biomechanical mechanism of the surrounding soft tissue in maintaining the stability of the proximal row carpal (PRC) was analyzed, and the methods to repair or reconstruct the stability and function of the PRC were summarized from two aspects including basic biomechanics and clinical biomechanics...
January 2015: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Steve K Lee, David J Byun, Jorge L Roman-Deynes, Zina Model, Scott W Wolfe
PURPOSE: To assess the results of a hybrid Russe procedure using a corticocancellous strut, cancellous autologous nonvascularized bone graft, and cannulated headless compression screw to reduce the deformity reliably from a collapsed scaphoid nonunion, provide osteoinductive stimulus, and stabilize the fracture for predictable union. METHODS: A hybrid Russe procedure was performed for scaphoid waist fracture nonunions with humpback deformity and no evidence of avascular necrosis...
November 2015: Journal of Hand Surgery
Michaël Papaloïzos
The lesions of the scapholunate ligament are some of the most frequently encountered in the wrist. Left untreated, the complete rupture of the ligament is followed by degenerative arthritis according to a well-defined pattern of progression through the wrist, eventually leading to multifocal arthrosis, a condition described as scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC wrist). The scapholunate lesions are classified in stages according to the degree of the lesion established by imaging studies or arthroscopy and to the chronicity of the lesion...
June 3, 2015: Revue Médicale Suisse
Jason W Dahl, Jerry I Huang
Treatment of chronic scapholunate ligament injuries can be challenging. Traditional reconstructive techniques, including varied capsulodeses and tenodeses often yield inconsistent results with loss of reduction and radiographic deterioration. As a result, supplemental hardware fixation has become more popular and may allow more robust stabilization of the scapholunate reconstruction. However, these procedures have complications and few data regarding outcomes are currently available. This article evaluates the role of supplemental fixation in the management of chronic scapholunate instability...
August 2015: Hand Clinics
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