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Radial head fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771857/erratum-to-what-injury-mechanism-and-patterns-of-ligament-status-are-associated-with-isolated-coronoid-isolated-radial-head-and-combined-fractures
#1
Ji-Ho Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725515/a-limb-threatening-long-arterial-dissection-caused-by-humerus-neck-fracture-a-case-report
#2
R Kurnaz, M Ikizler, M Ozbayburtlu, T Gunes
Proximal humerus fracture is a common arm trauma and rarely occurs with vascular injury which however is a serious complication. In this case report, we present a long segment dissection of the axillary and brachial arteries as a rare complication due to fragmented proximal humerus fracture and shoulder dislocation. An 80-year old female patient was seen at the emergency department. Radiograph examination has revealed a fragmented proximal humerus fracture besides dislocation of the head of humerus towards the axillary area...
March 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721653/-instability-after-operative-and-conservative-treatment-of-isolated-mason-type-ii-fractures
#3
A von Glinski, V Rausch, M Königshausen, M Dudda, T A Schildhauer, D Seybold, J Geßmann
BACKGROUND: Radial head fractures are the most frequent fractures of the elbow joint in adults. For Mason type II fractures without concomitant injuries favorable results have been shown with operative and conservative management. There is insufficient evidence concerning elbow joint stability after conservative treatment compared to open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with isolated Mason type II (two part fracture displaced >2 mm and <5 mm) radial head fractures between 1 January 2003 and 1 April 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
May 2, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713746/the-treatment-of-chronic-radial-head-dislocation-in-monteggia-fracture-without-annular-ligament-reconstruction
#4
Hsuan-Yu Chen, Kuan-Wen Wu, Zheng-Ren Dong, Shier-Chieg Huang, Ken N Kuo, Ting-Ming Wang
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of neglected radial head dislocation after missed Monteggia fracture dislocation in children is a controversial issue. The purpose of this study is to report our clinical experience in the treatment of the condition without annular ligament reconstruction. METHOD: This is a retrospective review of 20 patients between 2008 and 2014. Procedures included open reduction of the radial head and ulnar lengthening angulation osteotomy. In cases of unstable radial head reduction, a trans-capitellar K wire was applied...
May 1, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709352/radial-head-fracture-fixation-using-tripod-technique-with-headless-compression-screws
#5
REVIEW
Marc D Lipman, Trenton M Gause, Victor A Teran, A Bobby Chhabra, D Nicole Deal
Radial head and neck fractures are one of the most common elbow fractures, comprising 2% to 5% of all fractures, and 30% of elbow fractures. Although uncomplicated Mason type I fractures can be managed nonsurgically, Mason type II-IV fractures require additional intervention. Mason type II-III fractures with 3 or fewer fragments are typically treated with open reduction and internal fixation using 2 to 3 lag screws. Transverse radial neck involvement or axial instability with screw-only fixation has historically required the additional use of a mini fragment T-plate or locking proximal radius plate...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685388/the-contribution-of-the-posterolateral-capsule-to-elbow-joint-stability-a-cadaveric-biomechanical-investigation
#6
Dafydd S Edwards, Mohammed S Arshad, Toni Luokkala, Angela E Kedgley, Adam C Watts
BACKGROUND: Elbow posterolateral rotatory instability occurs after an injury to the lateral collateral ligament complex (LCLC) in isolation or in association with an osteochondral fracture of the posterolateral margin of the capitellum (Osborne-Cotterill lesion [OCL]). The contribution to elbow stability of the posterolateral capsule, attached to this lesion, is unknown. This study quantified the displacement of the radial head on simulated posterior draw with sectioning of the posterior capsule (a simulated OCL) or LCLC...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664863/less-can-be-more-a-skill-we-are-losing-commentary-on-an-article-by-kenneth-e-egol-md-et-al-minimally-displaced-isolated-radial-head-and-neck-fractures-do-not-require-formal-physical-therapy-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664851/minimally-displaced-isolated-radial-head-and-neck-fractures-do-not-require-formal-physical-therapy-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#8
Kenneth A Egol, Jack M Haglin, Ariana Lott, Nina Fisher, Sanjit R Konda
BACKGROUND: Nondisplaced and minimally displaced fractures of the radial head and neck are common injuries, yet the role of physical therapy (PT) in their treatment is unclear. The aim of this trial was to assess the need for formal PT following a simple fracture of the radial head or neck. METHODS: Patients who had a nondisplaced or minimally displaced fracture of the radial head or neck and presented to 1 of 2 providers were enrolled prospectively between January 2014 and August 2016...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664804/temporary-bridge-plate-stabilization-of-unstable-elbow-fractures-and-dislocations
#9
David Edelman, Asif M Ilyas
Unstable fracture-dislocations of the elbow, and in particular the "terrible triad" injury consisting of an elbow dislocation with a fracture of the radial head and coronoid, are complex injuries that can be plagued and complicated by persistent instability. Acute and chronic instability is a difficult problem and is best managed early by avoidance and restoration of stability. A number of treatment options have been proposed to manage acute postfixation instability of the elbow joint. Traditional stabilization options include immobilization with splinting or casting, cross-articular pinning, and external fixation (hinged or static), followed by early physical therapy...
April 11, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657444/radial-axial-interosseous-load-rail-test-for-essex-lopresti-type-injuries
#10
REVIEW
Zachary C Lum, Eric G Huish, Marc A Trzeciak
Background: When approaching radial head and neck fractures, the decision for ORIF, resection, or arthroplasty is often performed intraoperatively. Factors that contribute include ligamentous and bony stability, cartilage injury, mechanical alignment as well as patient factors. Recent data has suggested conventional methods may not be sufficiently sensitive in detecting Essex Lopresti injuries. Here we describe an intraoperative technique that could objectively assess proximal radio-ulnar stability with subsequent disruption of the ligamentous structures...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595630/clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-of-treatment-of-comminuted-mason-type-ii-radial-head-fractures-with-a-new-implant
#11
Yan Shi, Gao-Feng Wang, Kai Mei, Jie Zhang, Chang-Jun Yun, Chen Qian, Jun-Ying Sun
This study aims to evaluate the clinical and radiographic treatment outcomes of comminuted Mason type II radial head fractures, which underwent open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) using a new implant (mother-child screw, MCS).This study included 16 patients (7 male and 9 female patients; mean age: 40.9 years, age range: 19-68 years), who were treated with ORIF, followed by MCS fixation for comminuted type II radial head fractures. The clinical results were evaluated using the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592988/paediatric-forearm-fracture-with-a-twist-a-proximal-radioulnar-translocation-combined-with-radial-head-fracture
#12
Femke Nawijn, Benjamin Lucas Emmink, Jort Keizer, Willem-Maarten Bosman
A 10-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with proximal radioulnar translocation and radial head fracture, after fall onto an outstretched hand. Open reduction was used to reduce and stabilise the elbow joint after which the radial head was fixated by Kirschner wires. Three months after surgery, full range of motion was regained and union of the radial head was achieved. Proximal radioulnar translocation is a rare injury which is often missed on initial radiographs. Persistent restriction of forearm rotation with seemingly normal elbow configuration must trigger to take a closer look at the relationship between the ulna, radius and distal humerus...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587695/comparison-between-absorbable-pins-and-mini-screw-fixations-for-the-treatment-of-radial-head-fractures-mason-type-ii-iii
#13
Luigi Tarallo, Raffaele Mugnai, Martina Rocchi, Francesco Capra, Fabio Catani
BACKGROUND: The treatment of comminuted radial head fractures can include prosthetic replacement or open reduction and internal fixation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of two different internal fixation systems for Mason type II-III radial head fractures. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2015, 82 patients were treated using pins and 65 patients by mini-screws. The follow-up protocol included: a clinical evaluation 15 days after surgery, and clinical and radiographic evaluations performed at 30 and 60 day intervals, unless any complications were reported by the patient...
March 27, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581069/capitellar-erosion-after-radial-head-arthroplasty-a-comparative-biomechanical-study-of-operated-radial-head-fractures-on-cadaveric-specimens
#14
I D Chytas, C Antonopoulos, A Cheva, P Givissis
BACKGROUND: We asked whether either open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or radial head arthroplasty (RHA), common techniques used for the confrontation of displaced or comminuted radial head fractures, are correlated with cartilage wear of the capitulum. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that neither ORIF nor RHA are correlated with capitellar cartilage wear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: On 5 cadaveric elbow specimens, osteotomies were employed to simulate radial head comminuted fractures followed with ORIF by Herbert screws...
March 23, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561446/results-of-arthroscopic-fixation-of-mason-type-ii-radial-head-fractures-using-kirschner-wires
#15
Junliang Wang, Wei Qi, Xuezhen Shen, Sheng Tao, Yujie Liu
The goals of this study are to report an arthroscopic technique for the treatment of Mason type II radial head fractures using Kirschner wires (K-wires), and investigate the feasibility and evaluate the results.We retrospectively review 18 cases of closed Mason type II radial head fractures treated in our institution from August 2010 to May 2015. There were 13 males and 5 females with an average age of 30.6 (17-45 years) years. Injuries were caused by falling in 8 cases, by traffic accidents in 5 cases, and by sports in 5 cases...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541811/subchondral-fracture-begins-from-the-bone-resorption-area-in-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-a-micro-computerised-tomography-study
#16
Hidetoshi Hamada, Masaki Takao, Takashi Sakai, Nobuhiko Sugano
PURPOSE: For successful joint preservation in osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), it is important to understand the mechanism of collapse. The purpose of this study was to investigate the initiation of subchondral fracture in ONFH by using micro-CT imaging of the whole femoral head, focusing on the three-dimensional relationship between the subchondral fracture and the bone resorption area. METHODS: A total of 40 femoral heads from 37 patients retrieved during total hip arthroplasty for stage 3A or 3B ONFH by Japanese Investigation Committee criteria were scanned using micro-CT with a 0...
March 14, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527238/fractures-of-the-capitellum-humeri-and-their-associated-injuries
#17
Valentin Rausch, Matthias Königshausen, Thomas A Schildhauer, Jan Gessmann, Dominik Seybold
Objective: Fractures of the capitellum are rare injuries but are often more complex and of a greater extent than assumed from conventional radiographs. Classification is usually based on their extension in relation to the trochlea the trochlea and on the number of fragments. Information on associated injuries is limited and only reported in small case series. The aim of this retrospective study was to report on our experience with capitellar fractures and their associated injuries. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all patients treated for fractures of the capitellum humeri at our institute between 2005 and 2017...
2018: Obere Extremität
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523372/effectiveness-of-an-arthroscopic-technique-to-correct-supination-losses-of-90%C3%A2-or-more
#18
Francisco Del Piñal, Eduardo Moraleda, Jaime S Rúas, Ana Rodriguez-Vega, Alexis Studer
PURPOSE: To present a new arthroscopic method for treating supination losses. METHODS: Six patients (15-71 y) were eligible for this study. All had a history of trauma to the wrist more than 6 months previously. Five of them had sustained a distal radius fracture: 3 had been treated with a volar plate (1 of them for an extra-articular malunion), 1 with an external fixator and K-wires, and 1 had been treated in a cast. One of these patients underwent a further operation for correcting an intra-articular malunion...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457398/-clinical-outcome-analysis-on-using-extensor-digitorum-communis-splitting-approach-for-the-treatment-of-radial-head-fractures
#19
Guan-Yi Liu, Ling-Yong Jing, Zhi-Jun Pan, Long-Jun Chen, Ming Li, Jian-Xiang Feng, Wei-Hu Ma
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical outcomes of internal fixation or replacement for the treatment of radial head fractures through the extensor digitorum communis splitting approach. METHODS: From July 2012 to May 2015, 25 patients with radial head fractures were reviewed. There were 17 males and 8 females, ranging in age from 20 to 67 years old, with a mean age of 39 years old. Twenty-one patients were treated with reconstruction of plate internal fixation, and 4 patients were treated with radial head replacement...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437064/the-challenge-of-monteggia-like-lesions-of-the-elbow-mid-term-results-of-46-cases
#20
P Jungbluth, S Tanner, J Schneppendahl, J-P Grassmann, M Wild, M Hakimi, J Windolf, R Laun
AIMS: The aim of this retrospective multicentre study was to evaluate mid-term results of the operative treatment of Monteggia-like lesions and to determine the prognostic factors that influence the clinical and radiological outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 46 patients (27 women and 19 men), with a mean age of 57.7 years (18 to 84) who had sustained a Monteggia-like lesion were followed up clinically and radiologically after surgical treatment. The Mayo Modified Wrist Score (MMWS), Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS), Broberg and Morrey Score, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score were used for evaluation at a mean of 65 months (27 to 111) postoperatively...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
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