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Hydrocephalus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433846/factors-associated-with-postoperative-complications-in-hydrocephalic-infants-diagnosed-at-bernard-mevs-hospital-in-port-au-prince-haiti-from-2011-to-2013
#1
Floreine-Jemima Joseph, Joseph Bernard, Sylvio Augustin
OBJECTIVE: Complications worsen the prognosis of hydrocephalic children who undergo surgery. The main objective of this study was to determine factors associated with postoperative complications in Haitian hydrocephalic infants. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on hydrocephalic infants diagnosed in a Haitian hospital from 2011 to 2013. Records were consulted to gather key variables that were evaluated in relation to the occurrence of postoperative complications...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433843/use-of-pneumoperitoneal-puncture-for-peritoneal-catheter-placement-in-lumboperitoneal-shunt-surgery-technical-note
#2
Junhua He, Xin Jin, Jun Kong, Yihai Lin, Zhangyi Wu, Xinwen Zhang
BACKGROUND: In hydrocephalus shunt surgery, a peritoneal catheter is traditionally inserted with laparotomy incision. The abdominal incision length will not be shorter than 3 cm in most cases. A longer incision has to be made in obese patients. The lateral position in lumboperitoneal shunt (LPS) surgery also increases the difficulty of laparotomy. The present report introduces a simple technique of pneumoperitoneal puncture for peritoneal catheter placement in LPS. METHODS: Twenty-eight communicating hydrocephalus cases underwent pneumoperitoneal puncture in an LPS operation...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432520/unexpected-death-after-occipital-condylar-fracture
#3
Vincent J Bulthuis, E M J Cornips, J Dings, H van Santbrink, A A Postma
We present a rare fatal complication of an occipital condylar fracture. The patient was initially neurologically intact, but showed secondary clinical deterioration. Imaging revealed extensive extra-axial hemorrhage at the craniocervical junction and an acute obstructive hydrocephalus. MR imaging demonstrated a T2 hyperintens signal in both the lower brainstem and upper cervical spinal cord, likely caused by the extra-axial hemorrhage. As prognosis was estimated infaust, supportive treatment was discontinued and the patient died soon thereafter...
April 21, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430083/hydrocephalus-treatment-in-children-long-term-outcome-in-975-consecutive-patients
#4
Pierre-Aurelien Beuriat, Stephanie Puget, Giuseppe Cinalli, Thomas Blauwblomme, Kevin Beccaria, Michel Zerah, Christian Sainte-Rose
OBJECTIVE Hydrocephalus remains one of the more common pathologies managed in pediatric neurosurgical units. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has an advantage over ventriculoperitoneal shunting as it enables patients to remain device free. Multiple shunt devices with various valve designs exist, with no one valve proven to be superior to another. The aim of this study was to describe the management of hydrocephalus and its long-term outcome. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients who had been treated for hydrocephalus at the Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades in the period from 1985 to 1995...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429608/two-times-of-trigeminal-neuralgia-resolution-following-hydrocephalus-treatment-in-a-patient-with-a-high-voltage-electric-shock-to-his-head-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
Seyed Mohammad Ghodsi, Mahdi Safdarian
Hydrocephalus has rarely been reported to be associated with trigeminal neuralgia. Here we report for the first time a case of trigeminal neuralgia associated with hydrocephalus, whose symptoms completely resolved twice after ventriculoperitoneal shunting. The patient had a high-voltage electric shock to his head, which has not been reported in a patient with ventriculoperitoneal shunt to the best of our knowledge. The possible underlying mechanism of this situation is discussed in addition to a brief review of the literature...
April 21, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427992/invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-infections-in-children-in-kamikawa-subprefecture-hokkaido-japan-2006-2015-the-effectiveness-of-h-%C3%A2-influenzae-type-b-vaccine
#6
Hiroshi Sakata, Yoko Adachi, Miyuki Morozumi, Kimiko Ubukata
We evaluated 24 children with invasive Haemophilus influenzae infections between 2006 and 2015 in Kamikawa subprefecture of Hokkaido, Japan. The most frequent disease was pneumonia in 12 cases (50.0%), followed by meningitis in 7 (29.2%) and bacteremia in 5 (20.8%). Patients ranged in age from 3 months to 12 years of age. Seventeen (70.8%) of the total were less than 2 years old. The incidence rate of H. influenzae infection varied from 15.1 to 36.3 per 100,000 population in the Kamikawa area during the period from 2006 through 2011...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427106/lateral-ventricle-to-sylvian-fissure-shunt-for-obstructive-hydrocephalus-first-report
#7
Sushil Patkar
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pathway studies have revealed that the CSF secreted from the choroid plexus of the ventricles after egressing from the fourth ventricle reaches the basal suprasellar cistern and ultimately the sylvian cisterns. From the sylvian cistern, the CSF travels over the cerebral convexity subarachnoid space to reach the superior sagittal sinus and enters the bloodstream. Diverting CSF from the lateral ventricle with a shunt catheter to the sylvian cistern can be an option to treat obstructive hydrocephalus...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424008/olfactory-development-part-2-neuroanatomic-maturation-and-dysgeneses
#8
Harvey B Sarnat, Laura Flores-Sarnat
Olfactory axons project from nasal epithelium to the primitive telencephalon before olfactory bulbs form. Olfactory bulb neurons do not differentiate in situ but arrive via the rostral migratory stream. Synaptic glomeruli and concentric laminar architecture are unlike other cortices. Fetal olfactory maturation of neuronal differentiation, synaptogenesis, and myelination remains incomplete at term and have a protracted course of postnatal development. The olfactory ventricular recess involutes postnatally but dilates in congenital hydrocephalus...
May 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421878/cerebrovascular-injury-in-cryptococcal-meningitis
#9
Ajay Kumar Mishra, Vanjare Harshad Arvind, Divya Muliyil, Cijoy K Kuriakose, Anu Anna George, Reka Karuppusami, Ronald Albert Benton Carey, Sunithi Mani, Samuel George Hansdak
Background Cryptococcal meningitis continues to be one of the common causes of chronic central nervous system infection worldwide. Individuals with cryptococcal meningitis can occasionally present with small vessel vasculitis causing infarcts primarily in the basal ganglia, internal capsule, and thalamus. Literature regarding patterns of cerebrovascular injury among patients with cryptococcal meningitis is scanty, and outcome following these vascular involvements is unknown. Aim To study the clinical profile, imaging findings, and details of vascular territory involved among patients admitted with cryptococcal meningitis and central nervous system infarct in a tertiary care center from India...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421877/biomarkers-in-adult-posthemorrhagic-hydrocephalus
#10
Cong Hua, Gang Zhao
Posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus is a severe complication following intracranial hemorrhage. Posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus is often associated with high morbidity and mortality and serves as an important clinical predictor of adverse outcomes after intracranial hemorrhage. Currently, no effective medical intervention exists to improve functional outcomes in posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus patients because little is still known about the mechanisms of posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus pathogenesis. Because a better understanding of the posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus pathogenesis would facilitate development of clinical treatments, this is an active research area...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421829/hydrocephalus-and-trigeminal-neuralgia-exploring-the-association-and-management-options
#11
Yuuki Charlie Barke Na, Shyam Vijay Pujara, Ahmad Abdelhai Moussa, Amy Charlotte Gerrish, Surajit Basu
We report the successful surgical management of three patients with trigeminal neuralgia and hydrocephalus. MRI revealed no neurovascular contact at the trigeminal root entry zone. Trigeminal neuralgic symptoms were controlled following alleviation of hydrocephalus. We hypothesize that trigeminal nerve traction, secondary to hydrocephalus, as the cause for their trigeminal neuralgia.
April 19, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421284/oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-secondary-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-due-to-corticobulbar-tract-compression-cases-series-and-review-of-literature
#12
Kwang Wook Jo, Youngkook Kim, Geun-Young Park, Ik Seong Park, Yongjun Jang, Sohn Dong Gyun, Sun Im
The association and mechanism involved in swallowing disturbance and normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) needs to be established. We report a case report where a patient who showed progressive swallowing dysfunction was diagnosed with secondary NPH. Tractography analysis showed corticobulbar tract compression by ventricular dilation. Drainage operation led to the recovery of tract volume with an improvement of swallowing function. We also report ten case series in which secondary NPH was associated with a swallowing disturbance...
April 19, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421283/shunting-of-the-over-80s-in-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#13
Simon D Thompson, J D Shand Smith, A A Khan, A M V Luoma, A K Toma, L D Watkins
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus is predominantly a disease of the elderly. By its nature, many of those who present to clinic are in advanced old age with multiple comorbidities. Majority of patients treated are younger than 80 years old. We present the clinical outcomes and complication rates of patients over the age of 80 years at the time of operation, during the past 11 years at a single institution. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical records of all patients over the age of 80 years, who presented to our institution between 2006 and 2016...
April 18, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420385/frontotemporal-dementia-as-a-comorbidity-to-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-inph-a-short-review-of-literature-and-an-unusual-case
#14
V E Korhonen, E Solje, N M Suhonen, T Rauramaa, R Vanninen, A M Remes, V Leinonen
Behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) and idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) are neurodegenerative diseases that can present with similar symptoms. These include decline in executive functions, psychomotor slowness, and behavioural and personality changes. Ventricular enlargement is a key radiological finding in iNPH that may also be present in bvFTD caused by the C9ORF72 expansion mutation. Due to this, bvFTD has been hypothesized as a potential comorbidity to iNPH but bvFTD patients have never been identified in studies focusing in clinical comorbidities with iNPH...
April 19, 2017: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418356/-pathomorphology-of-the-ventricular-germinal-zone-and-neocortex-in-newborn-infants-with-posthemorrhagic-hydrocephalus
#15
E V Protsenko, L P Peretyatko, O P Saryeva
AIM: Тo study the morphological features of the ventricular germinal zone and neocortex in newborns at 22-40 weeks' gestation with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The brains of fetuses and newborns at 22-40 weeks' gestation with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (n=12) were examined; a control group included the brains with a lateral ventricle lumen width of not more than 0.5 cm (n=30). The investigators conducted a comprehensive pathomorphological study of the ventricular germinal zone and neocortex in the projection field No...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413544/abdominal-schwannoma-in-a-case-of-neurofibromatosis-type-2-a-report-of-a-rare-combination
#16
Khandkar Ali Kawsar, Md Raziul Haque, Forhad Hossain Chowdhury
Neurofibromatosis-2 (NF2) is an autosomal-dominant disease, which is characterized by vestibular schwannomas (VSs) (acoustic neurinoma) as well as tumours of the peripheral and central nervous system, demonstrating a variety of expression. A 12-year-old girl presented to us with headache and ataxia for four months. We examined and found a lump in the right side of her abdomen. On magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain, a bilateral VS at the cerebellopontine (CP) angle was detected, and on computerized tomography (CT) scan and ultrasonography of her abdomen a large retroperitoneal schwannoma was revealed in the right side of her abdomen...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413525/post-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-abdominal-pseudocyst-challenges-posed-in-management
#17
Raashid Hamid, Aejaz A Baba, Nisar A Bhat, Gowhar Mufti, Younis A Mir, Wani Sajad
BACKGROUND: In patients with hydrocephalus, the abdominal cavity has been used for absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) since 1905. Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt operation is followed by abdominal complications in about 5-47% cases. Abdominal CSF pseudo cyst is an uncommon, but well described complication. AIM: This survey was conducted to study the clinical profile and management of this entity. We present our experience with cases of CSF pseudo cyst in children...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410693/clinical-and-radiological-spectrum-of-intracranial-tuberculosis-a-hospital-based-study-in-northeast-india
#18
Baiakmenlang Synmon, Marami Das, Ashok K Kayal, Munindra Goswami, Jogesh Sarma, Lakshya Basumatary, Suvorit Bhowmick
Central nervous system tuberculosis (TB) is the most severe extra pulmonary TB having a high mortality and morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To study the various clinical, biochemical, and radiological spectrum of intracranial TB. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Ninety-three patients were enrolled in this prospective study after ethical clearance and consent from August 2013 to May 2015. The entire clinical course with complications and predictors of mortality were assessed. RESULTS: 36 females (38...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409726/the-suboccipital-ligament
#19
Kelsey Alabaster, M Fred Bugg, Bruno Splavski, Frederick A Boop, Kenan I Arnautovic
OBJECTIVE A fibrous structure located dorsal to the dura at the posterior craniocervical junction stretches horizontally between the bilateral occipital condyles and the upper borders of the C-1 laminae. Partially covered by the occipital bone, this structure is always encountered when the bone is removed from the foramen magnum rim during approaches to the posterior cranial fossa. Although known to surgeons, this structure has not been defined, studied, or named. The most appropriate name for this structure is "the suboccipital ligament," and a detailed rationale for this name is provided...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408303/an-infant-case-with-hydrocephalus-as-the-initial-manifestation-of-mycoplasma-hominis-associated-meningitis
#20
Keisuke Taku, Takayuki Hoshina, Kaoru Haro, Shun Ichikawa, Tadamune Kinjo, Mayu Takahashi, Daisuke Akiba, Kazumasa Fukuda, Koichi Kusuhara
We report an infant with hydrocephalus as the initial manifestation of Mycoplasma hominis-associated meningitis, who recovered without appropriate antimicrobial treatment. The analysis of the 16S rRNA gene by polymerase chain reaction amplification using universal primers and pathogen-specific primers was useful for the diagnosis and the investigation of serial detection status of the pathogen. This method may be helpful for the assessment of the frequency and the prediction of severity in M. hominis-associated central nervous system infection in infants, and investigating the association between M...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
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