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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624042/wound-management-and-outcome-of-595-electrical-burns-in-a-major-burn-center
#1
Haisheng Li, Jianglin Tan, Junyi Zhou, Zhiqiang Yuan, Jiaping Zhang, Yizhi Peng, Jun Wu, Gaoxing Luo
BACKGROUND: Electrical burns are important causes of trauma worldwide. This study aims to analyze the clinical characteristics, wound management, and outcome of electric burns. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed at the Institute of Burn Research of the Third Military Medical University during 2013-2015. Data including the demographics, injury patterns, wound treatment, and outcomes were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 595 electrical burn patients (93...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615807/soft-embalming-of-cadavers-for-training-purposes-optimising-for-long-term-use-in-tropical-weather
#2
Raghuveer Reddy, Subramania Iyer, Minnie Pillay, Krishnakumar Thankappan, Janarthanan Ramu
BACKGROUND: Surgical and anatomical training has been found to be most optimally simulated in a cadaver than any other available methods. Soft embalming methods have made the bodies more 'lifelike' and better suited for training. The widely accepted soft embalming techniques, including Thiel embalming, are designed for temperate climates. Their use in tropical locations has been found to be associated with poor short-term and long-term preservation of the bodies. In fact, adequate reports from tropical countries on effective methods for soft embalming are lacking...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607872/vascularized-fibula-based-physis-transfer-a-follow-up-study-of-longitudinal-bone-growth-and-complications
#3
Ronnie L Shammas, Yash J Avashia, Alfredo E Farjat, Anthony A Catanzano, L Scott Levin, William C Eward, Brian E Brigman, Detlev Erdmann
BACKGROUND: The vascularized free fibula epiphyseal transfer provides an option for the preservation of limb lengthening after resection of the proximal humerus in pediatric sarcoma patients. The purpose of this study was to provide a long-term follow-up of longitudinal growth patterns and outcomes after free fibula epiphyseal transfer in upper extremity reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective review of 4 patients who underwent free fibula epiphyseal transfer after oncologic resection of the proximal humerus for osteosarcoma was performed...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606622/reconstruction-of-combined-thumb-amputation-at-the-metacarpal-base-level-and-index-amputation-at-the-metacarpal-level-with-pollicization-and-bilateral-double-toe-composite-transfer
#4
Zhenglin Chi, Da Jiang Song, Lin Tian, Fu Hua Hu, Xiao Fang Shen, Harvey Chim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the technique and report our experience with the reconstruction of combined proximal thumb amputations at the metacarpal base level and index finger amputation at the metacarpal level with pollicization and bilateral double toe composite transfer. METHODS: The technique consists of pollicization of the remnant index ray. Then a contralateral composite medial great toe pulp and vascularized second toe proximal interphalangeal joint flap are harvested to reconstruct the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606621/studying-the-blood-pressures-of-antegrade-and-retrograde-internal-mammary-vessels-do-they-really-work-as-recipient-vessels
#5
Yoko Katsuragi Tomioka, Hirokazu Uda, Kotaro Yoshimura, Ataru Sunaga, Hideaki Kamochi, Yasushi Sugawara
BACKGROUND: The proximal ends of internal mammary (IM) vessels are now the most common recipient vessels for breast reconstruction. On the other hand, bilateral deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flaps are often needed according to the territory and the volume required for reconstruction. The usefulness of retrograde IM vessels as second recipients has recently been reported, but there are very few quantitative studies on the hydrodynamics of the retrograde IM vessels. Because the flow is dependent on the pressure differential, the blood pressures of the antegrade IM artery (AIMA), antegrade IM vein (AIMV), retrograde IM artery (RIMA), retrograde IM vein (RIMV), and recirculated intraflap vein (FV) were investigated to solve this question and to confirm the reliability and usefulness of the retrograde IM vessels...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606440/mandible-reconstruction-with-free-fibula-flaps-outcome-of-a-cost-effective-individual-planning-concept-compared-with-virtual-surgical-planning
#6
Niklas Rommel, Marco Rainer Kesting, Nils Hagen Rohleder, Florian Martin Josef Bauer, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Jochen Weitz
PURPOSE: The free osteomyocutaneous fibular flap has become one of the primary options for mandibular reconstruction, because of the later introduction and development of virtual surgical planning (VSP). However, VSP is associated with high additional pre-operative effort and costs. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to develop a new individual cost-effective pre-operative planning concept for free fibula mandible reconstruction and to compare it with VSP regarding clinical parameters and post-operative outcome...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605949/venous-flaps-for-coverage-of-traumatic-soft-tissue-defects-of-the-hand-a-systematic-review
#7
R Wharton, H Creasy, C Bain, M James, A Fox
A PRISMA-guided systematic review was performed of all published cases that detail the use of venous flaps for soft tissue reconstruction of the hand following trauma. Outcome measures examined included flap survival rates, venous congestion, and return to theatre. Database searches were performed on Medline, Embase, AHMED, CINAHL. A total of 381 articles were identified. Data were extracted from 45 articles that met inclusion criteria. A total of 756 flaps were described and their data analysed. A total of 75% of flaps were arterialized and 25% were pure venous flaps...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601599/innervated-dorsoradial-perforator-free-flap-a-reliable-supermicrosurgery-fingertip-reconstruction-technique
#8
Dajiang Song, Georgios Pafitanis, Peng Yang, Mitsunaga Narushima, Zan Li, Linfeng Liu, Zengtao Wang
INTRODUCTION: This study demonstrates the use of a modified free innervated DRAP flap utilizing the supermicrosurgery technique for fingertip reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2010 to February 2014, 20 cases of fingertip reconstruction were performed using a short pedicle mini innervated transverse DRAP flap. The patients demographics, the mechanism of injury, the defect size and anatomical location, the source of pedicle vessels, the recipient vessels, the nerve branch used for innervation, the follow-up and sensation outcomes are reported...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598001/3d-printing-technology-in-planning-thumb-reconstructions-with-second-toe-transplant
#9
Cheng-Wu Zang, Jian-Lei Zhang, Ze-Zu Meng, Lin-Feng Liu, Wen-Zhi Zhang, Yong-Xiang Chen, Rui Cong
OBJECTIVE: To report preoperative planning using 3D printing to plan thumb reconstructions with second toe transplant. METHODS: Between December 2013 and October 2015, the thumbs of five patients with grade 3 thumb defects were reconstructed using a wrap-around flap and second toe transplant aided by 3D printing technology. CT scans of hands and feet were analyzed using Boholo surgical simulator software (www.boholo.com). This allowed for the creation of a mirror image of the healthy thumb using the uninjured thumb...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592937/the-pedicled-groin-flap-in-resurfacing-hand-burn-scar-release-and-other-injuries-a-five-case-series-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
K S Amouzou, N Berny, A El Harti, M Diouri, A Chlihi, M Ezzoubi
XX.
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582956/endoscopic-endonasal-transsphenoidal-approach-from-the-surgeon-point-of-view
#11
Do Hyun Kim, Yong-Kil Hong, Sin-Soo Jeun, Jae-Sung Park, Dong-Jun Lim, Soo Whan Kim, Jin Hee Cho, Yong Jin Park, YulGyun Kim, Sung Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: In February 2009, the authors' center formed a team of neurosurgeons, otolaryngologists, endocrinologists, and radiologists to perform pituitary surgery using the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EETSA). This paper reviews the authors' experience with the technique, pathological outcomes, hormone profiles, and postoperative complications. METHODS: Between February 2009 and December 2015, 535 patients underwent the EETSA with 2-nostrils/4-hands surgery...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582335/a-prospective-clinical-trial-comparing-visible-light-spectroscopy-to-handheld-doppler-for-postoperative-free-tissue-transfer-monitoring
#12
Alexander F Mericli, James Wren, Patrick B Garvey, Jun Liu, Charles E Butler, Jesse C Selber
BACKGROUND: Early detection of compromised free flap perfusion is critical. A common modality of thrombosis detection, physical exam augmented with hand-held Doppler, only provides intermittent data and is insensitive to venous compromise. Visible light spectroscopy (VLS) provides continuous, non-invasive evaluation of tissue perfusion. We hypothesized that VLS is a more sensitive and specific monitoring method for early detection of post-operative flap compromise than intermittent, hand-held Doppler and clinical exam...
June 1, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556461/double-flap-phalloplasty-in-transgender-men-surgical-technique-and-outcome-of-pedicled-anterolateral-thigh-flap-phalloplasty-combined-with-radial-forearm-free-flap-urethral-reconstruction
#13
Wouter B van der Sluis, Jan Maerten Smit, Garry L S Pigot, Marlon E Buncamper, Henri A H Winters, Margriet G Mullender, Mark-Bram Bouman
INTRODUCTION: Radial forearm free flap (RFFF) tube-in-tube phalloplasty is the most performed phalloplasty technique worldwide. The conspicuous donor-site scar is a drawback for some transgender men. In search for techniques with less conspicuous donor-sites, we performed a series of one-stage pedicled anterolateral thigh flap (ALT) phalloplasties combined with RFFF urethral reconstruction. In this study, we aim to describe this technique and assess its surgical outcome in a series of transgender men...
May 29, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537409/-ureterointestinal-anastomosis-in-urinary-diversion-current-opinion
#14
J Doležel
Uretero-intestinal anastomosis (UIA) is one of the most critical points for the occurrence of severe complications of intestinal urinary diversion. Perfection of the current techniques and development of new UIA methods are motivated by the effort to reduce both early and late post-surgical complications. The necessity of using antireflux UIA, especially with an orthotopic neobladder, is controversial: according to some authors, antireflux UIA of any type generally increases, in comparison with reflux UIA, the risk of obstruction that endangers renal function more than the urine reflux itself...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530627/-laparoscopic-treatment-of-retroperitoneal-fibrosis
#15
Carlos Hernández Fernández, David Subirá Rios, Mercedes Moralejo Gárate, Elena Rodríguez Fernández, Jorge Caño Velasco, Felipe Herranz Amo
Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a disease that may condition a severe involvement of various organs, mainly upper urinary tract, even causing renal insufficiency. It was first described by Albarran in 1905 and it is also known as Ormonds disease. The correct diagnosis includes, in many cases, the performance of one or more tests: CT scan, MRI, renal scan, etc. It is often necessary the insertion of double J catheters on percutaneous nephrostomy tubes with the aim to preserve renal function. Initial treatment is medical, based on corticoids, and , less frequent, immunosuppressive or chemotherapy drugs...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529663/the-modified-dunn-procedure-for-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-the-bernese-experience
#16
M Tannast, L M Jost, T D Lerch, F Schmaranzer, K Ziebarth, K A Siebenrock
PURPOSE: Based on previous investigations on the vascular blood supply to the femoral head, a technique for anatomical reduction after slipped capital femoral epiphysis was developed. This technique is a modification of the original technique by Dunn using a retinacular soft-tissue flap. This allows the visual control of the epiphyseal vascular blood supply. We report the experience at the inventor's institution with a critical discussion of the available literature. METHODS: Using a trochanteric osteotomy for surgical dislocation of the hip, a retinacular soft tissue flap is created containing the deep branch of the medial femoral circumflex artery, the external rotators and the capsule...
April 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507861/absence-of-ulnar-artery-inflow-detected-by-allen-s-test-prior-to-radial-forearm-free-flap
#17
Benjamin A Taylor, Faisal Alzahrani, Eric Levi, S Mark Taylor, Matthew H Rigby, Jonathan Trites, Robert D Hart
Radial forearm free flaps are commonly used for soft-tissue reconstruction after resection of head and neck cancer. It is perfused by the radial artery, leaving the ulnar artery for perfusion of the hand and digits. The absence of distal ulnar artery and associated superficial palmar arch, however, has not been reported in cadaveric dissection. We report a case of unilateral ulnar artery flow absence, detected by Allen's test, during preoperative preparation for a radial forearm free flap. Based on the simplicity, safety, and ease, we recommend Allen's test to be performed preoperatively on every patient for whom such a flap is a consideration...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507354/the-bilobed-flap-a-better-option-for-soft-tissue-release-in-the-management-of-radial-club-hand
#18
Uzair Ahmed Qazi, Ishtiaq Ur Rehman Orakzai, Mamoon Rashid
OBJECTIVE: To establish that the bilobed flap as soft tissue release component for the radial club hand is superior to the z-plasty technique in type III and IV radial club hands. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan, from 2009 to 2015, and comprised patients with radial club hands operated by a single consultant plastic surgeon. Soft tissue release was performed at 08 months. The extremity was then casted for 08 weeks and kept in a long-arm cast for 3 to 6 months...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481465/risk-factors-for-pedicled-flap-necrosis-in-hand-soft-tissue-reconstruction-a-multivariate-logistic-regression-analysis
#19
Xu Gong, Jianli Cui, Ziping Jiang, Laijin Lu, Xiucun Li
BACKGROUND: Few clinical retrospective studies have reported the risk factors of pedicled flap necrosis in hand soft tissue reconstruction. The aim of this study was to identify non-technical risk factors associated with pedicled flap perioperative necrosis in hand soft tissue reconstruction via a multivariate logistic regression analysis. METHODS: For patients with hand soft tissue reconstruction, we carefully reviewed hospital records and identified 163 patients who met the inclusion criteria...
May 8, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464581/-effects-of-vacuum-sealing-drainage-technique-in-acute-and-chronic-suppurative-tenosynovitis-of-hand
#20
H Wang, F Xia, D M Xing, D Ren, W Feng, Y Chen, Z H Xiao, Z M Zhao
Objective: To investigate the effects of vacuum sealing drainage technique in acute and chronic suppurative tenosynovitis of hand. Methods: A total of 9 cases acute and chronic suppurative tenosynovitis patients from January 2013 to April 2015 in Puai Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were retrospectively reviewed. There were 6 males and 3 females, aging from 27 to 65 years, the average age was 55 years. There were 3 cases of index finger, 3 cases of middle finger, 2 cases of ring finger, 1 case include three fingers...
May 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
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