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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205260/comparison-between-anterolateral-thigh-radial-forearm-and-peroneal-artery-flap-donor-site-thickness-in-asian-patients-a-sonographic-study
#1
Kuei-Chang Hsu, Wei-Hsuan Tsai, Pei-San Ting, Jung-Hua Hsueh, Lee-Wei Chen, Ying-Sheng Lin
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the thicknesses of the three locations used as donor sites for radial forearm (RF), anterolateral thigh (ALT), and peroneal flaps and to determine probable contributing factors of the thickness. METHODS: This study included 201 healthy participants (mean age: 45.8 ± 17.2 years; male: 114; female: 87; BMI: 24.3 ± 4.3). Sonography was used to measure the thickness of flap donor sites. Forward stepwise regressions were conducted to determine the contributing factors of flap thickness...
February 16, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195893/functional-outcomes-and-complications-of-robot-assisted-free-flap-oropharyngeal-reconstruction
#2
Yueh-Chi Tsai, Shih-An Liu, Chih-Sheng Lai, Yen-Wei Chen, Chen-Te Lu, Jung-Hsing Yen, I-Chen Chen
BACKGROUND: Robotic surgical systems provide a clear, magnified 3-dimensional visualization as well as precise, stable instrumental movement, thereby minimizing technical difficulties that may be encountered in the surgical treatment of oropharyngeal tumors. This study assessed the outcomes of robotic-assisted free flap oropharyngeal reconstruction compared with those of conventional free flap reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 47 patients who underwent reconstructive operations using a free radial forearm fasciocutaneous flap for oropharyngeal defects was conducted over a 20-month period (May 2013-December 2014)...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195002/coverage-of-tendon-exposure-after-radial-forearm-free-flap-by-the-dorsoulnar-artery-perforator-flap
#3
Rémi Foissac, Marc Benatar, Olivier Dassonville, Alexandre Bozec, Gilles Poissonnet, Olivier Camuzard
Objective This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of an alternative technique using a perforator flap to manage secondary tendon exposure after a radial forearm free flap in head and neck oncologic surgery. Study Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Plastic Reconstructive Surgery Unit, Nice University Hospital, Pasteur 2 Hospital, France. Subjects and Methods Despite its numerous advantages, the radial forearm free flap is associated with significant donor site morbidity and the risk of secondary tendon exposure...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163085/novel-technique-for-proximal-bone-anchoring-of-penile-prosthesis-after-radial-forearm-free-flap-neophallus
#4
Andrew J Cohen, Raj R Bhanvadia, Joseph J Pariser, David M Hatcher, Lawrence J Gottlieb, Gregory T Bales
BACKGROUND: Penile prosthesis insertion allows individuals with a neophallus to achieve erectile function. Lack of corporal bodies to accommodate cylinders makes anchoring of any prosthesis challenging. Anchoring the device to pubic bone is one strategy to achieve proximal stabilization of the prosthesis. PURPOSE: To describe outcomes of bone anchoring of penile implant in a neophallus with an accompanying video focusing on operative technique and salient tips for surgeons performing these procedures...
February 2, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163083/sexual-function-and-quality-of-life-before-and-after-penile-prosthesis-implantation-following-radial-forearm-flap-phalloplasty
#5
Ezekiel E Young, Daniel Friedlander, Kathy Lue, Uzoma A Anele, Jacob L Khurgin, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Arthur L Burnett, Richard J Redett, John P Gearhart
OBJECTIVE: To provide sexual function and quality of life outcomes in patients with severe penile deficiency who underwent radial forearm flap phalloplasty with and without penile prosthesis implantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with history of severe penile deficiency who underwent microsurgical radial forearm flap phalloplasty with and without penile prosthesis implantation between 2007 and 2014 were identified. They completed a set of web-based validated questionnaires including the International Index of Erectile Function, the Pediatric Penile Perception Score, the Sexual Quality of Life for Men, and several items addressing general quality of life...
February 2, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160906/thumb-reconstruction-with-thin-proximal-ulnar-perforator-free-flap
#6
REVIEW
Mario Cherubino, Martina Corno, Luigi Valdatta, Roberto Adani
Soft tissue defects of the thumb with exposure of tendons, periosteum, or neurovascular bundles require a complex reconstruction aimed at restoring both skin coverage and the essential function of pinching and manipulation. When large defects are involved, a free tissue transfer is indicated. The proximal ulnar perforator flap represents an interesting solution without the drawbacks of other more widespread free flaps. This report describes the case of a patient with a squamous cell carcinoma of the thumb that required circumferential resection of the soft tissue of the distal phalanx and the interphalangeal joint...
February 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145935/the-rapid-development-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-on-the-nasal-dorsum-of-a-patient-receiving-immunosuppressive-therapy
#7
Daiki Senda, Erika Ando, Doruk Orgun, Masatoshi Horiguchi, Atsushi Arakawa, Akiko Matsuda, Hiroshi Mizuno, Ayato Hayashi
The risk of cancer is significantly increased in patients undergoing renal transplant surgery than in the general population. In particular, skin cancer is the most commonly occurring cancer in these patients.A 34-year-old man underwent living renal transplantation for focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. After 18 months, he developed a lesion on the nasal dorsum, approximately 1 cm in size, and the lesion rapidly expanded to cover the entire dorsum.Owing to its rapid expansion, the lesion was suspected to be a malignant tumor and wide excision was planned...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125535/calf-perforator-flaps-a-freestyle-solution-for-oral-cavity-reconstruction
#8
Alexandra R Molina, Isabelle Citron, Fungayi Chinaka, Luke Cascarini, William A Townley
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of oral cavity defects requires a thin, pliable flap for optimal functional results. Traditional flap choices are imperfect: the anterolateral thigh flap is excessively thick, whereas the radial forearm flap has a poor donor site. The authors therefore favor calf perforator flaps such as the medial sural artery perforator flap to provide thin tissue with an acceptable donor site. This two-part study aims to demonstrate their suitability for intraoral reconstruction...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122103/locoregional-control-of-tongue-base-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-with-primary-resection-and-radial-forearm-free-flap-reconstruction
#9
Bharat B Yarlagadda, Josh C Meier, Derrick T Lin, Kevin S Emerick, Daniel G Deschler
Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the minor salivary glands can be challenging and marked by high rates of local recurrence despite appropriate surgical resection. Management of this pathology in the base of the tongue is particularly difficult given the poor functional outcomes traditionally associated with an aggressive surgical approach. This article presents a case series of patients who underwent up-front surgical resection followed by free tissue transfer reconstruction. A retrospective analysis was performed of patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma of the base of the tongue who underwent composite resection and reconstruction with a radial forearm free flap...
January 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118198/microvascular-tissue-transfers-for-midfacial-and-anterior-cranial-base-reconstruction
#10
Ali Emre Aksu, Hakan Uzun, Ozan Bitik, Gökhan Tunçbilek, Tunç Şafak
Reconstruction of a midfacial defect can represent a difficult challenge for the plastic surgeon. Although many midfacial deformities have traumatic or congenital origins, the vast majority of head and neck defects occur after resection of malignant head and neck neoplasms. Autogenous reconstruction is now routinely performed for larger, complex defects resulting from surgical resection or trauma. In this study, the authors present 27 patients with midfacial defects reconstructed with free flaps. Twenty-two of the defects were created by surgical ablation of cancer (maxillectomy) and the others were traumatic...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106703/clinical-application-of-a-pedicled-forearm-flap-in-the-reconstruction-after-oral-cancer-resection
#11
Xiaoqiang Zhao, Youmei Zhang, Shuai Fu, Changbin Zhang, Ming Li, Yong Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical application of a pedicled forearm flap in the reconstruction of soft tissue defects after oral cancer resection. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 31 patients with oral cancer in the Affiliated Stomatology Hospital of Kunming Medical University. The patients underwent repair of soft tissue defects, resulting from oral cancer resection, using a pedicled forearm flap. Patients were followed up for 3 months to 3 years to observe the survival rate of the pedicled forearm flap and the recovery of the patient's appearance and oral function...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099360/aggressive-intramuscular-hemangiomas-in-the-upper-extremity-a-case-report
#12
Hui Lu, Qiang Chen, Hu Yang, Hui Shen
INTRODUCTION: Intramuscular hemangioma (IMH) is a rare congenital soft tissue tumor. Here, we report a case of IMH patient who had undergone several surgeries and other treatments that were all ineffective before he visited us. CLINICAL FINDINGS: This IMH patient was a 16-yearold male who was born with a tumor of unknown size in his right hand and forearm. On physical examination, the tumor and skin flap complex was seen with a size of 14 cm_12 cm in his right hand, and the multiple postoperative scars were shown on his right hand and forearm...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092337/anatomical-basis-and-clinical-application-of-synovial-flaps-in-the-wrist-and-distal-forearm
#13
David L Colen, Jiun-Ting Yeh, Lawrence B Colen
Neuropathic symptoms after median nerve repair at the wrist or secondary to refractory carpal tunnel syndrome may become debilitating. These symptoms develop due to perineural adhesions, intraneural fibrosis and fixation of the nerve to the transverse carpal ligament after surgery and often require neurolysis. Interposition of vascularized soft tissue over the median nerve at the time of neurolysis prevents recurrence of such adhesions. The synovial flap, fashioned from the synovial lining of the flexor tendon sheath, is an ideal tissue for this purpose...
January 12, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072992/-comparison-of-free-anterolateral-thigh-perforator-flaps-versus-free-forearm-flap-for-reconstruction-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-glossectomy
#14
N Gao, K Fu, W H Lou
Objective: To evaluate the quality of life (QOL) in elderly patients with tongue cancer who underwent immediate free flap reconstruction surgery. In addition, the efficacy of the anterolateral thigh perforator free flap (ALTFF) and the radial free forearm flap (RFFF) for reconstruction was compared in patients with glossectomy. Methods: Ninty-eight patients undergoing complete or partial glossectomy and reconstruction with free flaps were grouped according to flap type. Oral functions were assessed using The University of Washington Quality of Life (UW-QOL), and the 14-item Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaires (OHIP-14) at 6 and 12 months after reconstructive surgery...
January 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062432/epirubicin-extravasation-consequences-of-delayed-management
#15
Olivia Hale, Peter George Deutsch, Anindya Lahiri
Epirubicin is an anthracycline chemotherapy agent used for treatment of several cancers including oesophageal, breast and gastric. Extravasation is a well-recognised and serious complication of any intravenous therapies but especially chemotherapeutic agents. Signs of the injury can be subtle and without prompt recognition and treatment there can be extensive tissue damage and depending on location of injury this can result in significant functional loss. In this article, a case of delayed management of epirubicin extravasation from a cannula situated at the dorsum of the hand is discussed...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062176/characteristics-and-surgical-management-of-flap-compromise-caused-by-thrombosis-of-the-internal-jugular-vein
#16
Bin Yang, Yi Qu, Ming Su, Jinzhong Li, Hua Li, Rudong Xing, Zhengxue Han
BACKGROUND: A principal reason for flap compromise in oral and maxillofacial head and neck surgery, and failure of a free flap transfer, is thrombosis of a drainage vein such as the internal jugular vein. This study characterized flap compromise caused by internal jugular vein thrombosis after a free flap transfer, and its management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective clinical study was conducted of 306 consecutive microvascular free flaps performed for 305 patients with head and neck cancer from March 2003 to March 2013 at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Capital Medical University...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061548/suprafascial-harvest-of-the-radial-forearm-free-flap-decreases-the-risk-of-postoperative-tendon-exposure
#17
David C Shonka, Nikita V Kohli, Benjamin M Milam, Mark J Jameson
OBJECTIVE: To determine if suprafascial harvest of the radial forearm free flap improves postoperative donor site outcomes compared to subfascial harvest. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: Forty-six patients underwent reconstruction of a head and neck defect with a radial forearm free flap (RFFF). Subfascial harvest of the RFFF was performed in 25 (53%) patients and suprafascial harvest performed in 22 (47%) patients. All donor sites were covered with a split thickness skin graft and a bolster that remained in place for 6 days...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052425/soft-palate-reconstruction-using-a-combination-of-a-turn-in-flap-and-a-radial-forearm-flap
#18
Sami P Moubayed, Marcela Osorio, Daniel Buchbinder, Cathy Lazarus, Mark L Urken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041765/-the-thin-alt-perforator-flap-for-oropharyngeal-robotic-assisted-reconstruction
#19
Q Qassemyar, P Aguilar, S Temam, F Kolb, P Gorphe
Since a few years, the transoral robotic surgery reduced the morbidity of oropharyngeal tumors excision. Large posterior tumors can now be removed without any scar visible on the face. In this context and to respect the thinness required for reconstructions at the junction of the upper aerodigestive tract, the free radial forearm flap still remains the solution of choice. However, if the transoral robotic surgery respects the anatomy and the aesthetics of patients at the visible and social area that represents the face, the forearm flap provides visible scars on the other region of social interaction that represents the upper limb...
December 29, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999462/radial-artery-forearm-flap-anomaly-a-rare-anomaly-and-the-importance-of-the-proximal-exploratory-incision
#20
Aniketh Venkataram, Sunderraj Ellur, Deepak Muninarayana, Vijay Joseph
During a free radial forearm flap harvest, we encountered a variant anatomy of the arterial system. The brachial artery was found to travel with the median nerve and bifurcate 10 cm below the antecubital fossa, under cover of the pronator teres. The radial artery then emerged from the pronator and continued on its usual path. This anomaly has been reported only once thus far. We report this case to highlight our practice of always starting with a proximal exploratory incision to identify the anatomy before raising the flap, which is what enabled us to adapt to this variation with a satisfactory outcome...
December 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
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