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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820834/super-thin-scip-flap-for-reconstruction-of-subungual-melanoma-aesthetic-functional-surgery
#1
Kyeong-Tae Lee, Bo Young Park, Eun-Ji Kim, Jung-Han Kim, Kee-Taek Jang, Sang-Hee Choi, Dong-Youn Lee, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to use a super-thin, free superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator (SCIP) flap in the functional surgery for treating subungual melanoma and to evaluate its outcomes. METHODS: Forty-one patients with primary subungual melanoma of ≤ 2-mm thickness who were treated with functional surgery were prospectively enrolled. Following oncologic resection, a thin SCIP flap was harvested along the trans-superficial fat layer and transferred to the defect with further thinning by primary defatting...
August 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808625/epidemiology-of-open-fractures-in-sport-one-centre-s-15-year-retrospective-study
#2
Alexander M Wood, Greg A J Robertson, Kirsty MacLeod, Anna Porter, Charles M Court-Brown
AIM: To describe the epidemiology of sport-related open fractures from one centre's adult patient population over a 15-year period. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively-collected database was performed: The database contained information all sport-related open fractures, sustained from 1995 to 2009 in the Edinburgh, Mid and East Lothian Populations. RESULTS: Over the 15-year period, there were 85 fractures recorded in 84 patients...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792429/glabrous-flow-through-flaps-for-simultaneous-resurfacing-revascularization-and-reinnervation-of-digits
#3
Chao Chen, Liwen Hao, Wenhai Sun, Zengtao Wang, Zihai Ding, Shizhen Zhong
INTRODUCTION: Composite injuries of the volar surfaces of fingers are frequently associated with digital vessel and nerve damage. Flow-through glabrous flaps can provide esthetic tissue coverage as well as revascularization, and using a neurovascular flap, allows primary reconstruction of the digital nerve. METHODS: Between June 2010 and August 2014, we prospectively studied the use of Microsurgical flow-through glabrous flaps to achieve simultaneously digital revascularization and soft tissue coverage in 13 fingers of 12 patients who experienced volar injuries, comprising 6 great toe fibular flaps, 3 medial plantar flaps, 1 pedis medialis flap, and 3 hypothenar flaps...
November 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753228/use-of-arterialized-saphenous-vein-venous-flow-through-flaps-as-a-temporizing-measure-for-hand-salvage-in-contaminated-wounds-presenting-with-limb-ischemia-a-case-series
#4
Julian Diaz-Abele, Bauback Safa, Rudolf F Buntic, Avinash Islur
BACKGROUND: Vascular injuries resulting in limb ischemia are traditionally treated acutely with autologous or prosthetic bypass grafts. Traumatic contaminated injuries with soft tissue and vascular segmental loss are challenging as prosthetic bypasses are at risk of erosion, infection, and occlusion; and autologous bypasses are at risk of desiccation, blow-out, infection, and clotting. We propose a novel approach to these injuries by using arterialized saphenous vein venous flow-through free flaps (S-VFTF) as an autologous bypass, and present the results of its application in a series of cases...
July 28, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746226/the-use-of-a-dorsal-double-wing-flap-without-skin-grafts-for-congenital-syndactyly-treatment-a-strobe-compliant-study
#5
Yanzhao Dong, Yisheng Wang
Numerous techniques have been developed that use various flaps to treat syndactyly. Skin grafts have often been used to cover remaining surgical defects. The long-term aim of surgery is to find new methods of separating the digits without using skin grafts. This paper describes a new surgical technique for the correction of simple, incomplete, and complete syndactyly. The technique consists of a dorsal double-wing flap to cover the newly created web space and zigzag incisions in the fingers, thus avoiding the use of skin grafts in this space...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744134/reconstruction-of-fingers-after-electrical-injury-using-lateral-tarsal-artery-flap
#6
Minghua Zhang, Mitao Huang, Pihong Zhang, Pengfei Liang, Licheng Ren, Jizhang Zeng, Jie Zhou, Xiong Liu, Tinghong Xie, Xiaoyuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: Electrical injuries to the fingers account for the majority of total severe burns that occur each year. While several types of flaps have been used in covering finger defects, all have limitations or disadvantages. The purpose of this study was to introduce our clinical experiences of using the lateral tarsal artery (LTA) flap to successfully restore fingers after electrical injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2005 to 2012, 10 patients with 14 severe electrical burns to their fingers, including six thumbs and four index and four middle fingers, were treated with LTA flap...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688798/place-of-the-reposition-flap-in-the-treatment-of-distal-amputations-of-the-fingers
#7
Mohamed Ali Sbai, Mayssa El M'chirgui, Riadh Maalla, Adel Khorbi
PURPOSE: Distal finger amputations pose a therapeutic problem with the distal fragment quality. Reimplantation remains the reference treatment for functional and aesthetic recovery of the hand. The interest of this study is to propose the reposition flap as an alternative to different hedging techniques in the proximal stump, in many situations where revascularization is impossible. It consists in osteosynthesis of the bone fragment and its coverage by a pedicled local flap. METHODS: The technique of reposition flap was evaluated retrospectively between 2003 and 2016 through a study of 13 patients compiled in Nabeul orthopedic department...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682061/human-exonuclease-1-threads-5-flap-substrates-through-its-helical-arch
#8
Steven J Shaw, L David Finger, Jane A Grasby
Human exonuclease 1 (hEXO1) is a member of the 5'-nuclease superfamily and plays important roles in DNA repair. Along with acting as a 5'-exonuclease on blunt, gapped, nicked, and 3'-overhang DNAs, hEXO1 can also act as an endonuclease removing protruding 5'-single-stranded flaps from duplex ends. How hEXO1 and related 5'-nuclease human flap endonuclease 1 (hFEN1) are specific for discontinuous DNA substrates like 5'-flaps has been controversial. Here we report the first functional data that imply that hEXO1 threads the 5'-flap through a hole in the protein known as the helical arch, thereby excluding reactions of continuous single strands...
July 25, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653660/phosphate-steering-by-flap-endonuclease-1-promotes-5-flap-specificity-and-incision-to-prevent-genome-instability
#9
Susan E Tsutakawa, Mark J Thompson, Andrew S Arvai, Alexander J Neil, Steven J Shaw, Sana I Algasaier, Jane C Kim, L David Finger, Emma Jardine, Victoria J B Gotham, Altaf H Sarker, Mai Z Her, Fahad Rashid, Samir M Hamdan, Sergei M Mirkin, Jane A Grasby, John A Tainer
DNA replication and repair enzyme Flap Endonuclease 1 (FEN1) is vital for genome integrity, and FEN1 mutations arise in multiple cancers. FEN1 precisely cleaves single-stranded (ss) 5'-flaps one nucleotide into duplex (ds) DNA. Yet, how FEN1 selects for but does not incise the ss 5'-flap was enigmatic. Here we combine crystallographic, biochemical and genetic analyses to show that two dsDNA binding sites set the 5'polarity and to reveal unexpected control of the DNA phosphodiester backbone by electrostatic interactions...
June 27, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649580/the-reconstruction-for-proximal-nail-fold-mucous-cyst-using-reverse-and-island-flap
#10
Masayuki Okochi, Masami Saito, Hiromi Okochi, Yasushi Mochizuki, Kazuki Ueda
We performed nail fold reconstruction after digital mucous cyst (DMC) excision using an island-type lateral finger flap on seven patients (four males and three females). Our procedure is a simple and useful method to repair minor nail fold lesion defects after DMC excision.
2017: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606622/reconstruction-of-combined-thumb-amputation-at-the-metacarpal-base-level-and-index-amputation-at-the-metacarpal-level-with-pollicization-and-bilateral-double-toe-composite-transfer
#11
Zhenglin Chi, Da Jiang Song, Lin Tian, Fu Hua Hu, Xiao Fang Shen, Harvey Chim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the technique and report our experience with the reconstruction of combined proximal thumb amputations at the metacarpal base level and index finger amputation at the metacarpal level with pollicization and bilateral double toe composite transfer. METHODS: The technique consists of pollicization of the remnant index ray. Then a contralateral composite medial great toe pulp and vascularized second toe proximal interphalangeal joint flap are harvested to reconstruct the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601599/innervated-dorsoradial-perforator-free-flap-a-reliable-supermicrosurgery-fingertip-reconstruction-technique
#12
Dajiang Song, Georgios Pafitanis, Peng Yang, Mitsunaga Narushima, Zan Li, Linfeng Liu, Zengtao Wang
INTRODUCTION: This study demonstrates the use of a modified free innervated DRAP flap utilizing the supermicrosurgery technique for fingertip reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2010 to February 2014, 20 cases of fingertip reconstruction were performed using a short pedicle mini innervated transverse DRAP flap. The patients demographics, the mechanism of injury, the defect size and anatomical location, the source of pedicle vessels, the recipient vessels, the nerve branch used for innervation, the follow-up and sensation outcomes are reported...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598001/3d-printing-technology-in-planning-thumb-reconstructions-with-second-toe-transplant
#13
Cheng-Wu Zang, Jian-Lei Zhang, Ze-Zu Meng, Lin-Feng Liu, Wen-Zhi Zhang, Yong-Xiang Chen, Rui Cong
OBJECTIVE: To report preoperative planning using 3D printing to plan thumb reconstructions with second toe transplant. METHODS: Between December 2013 and October 2015, the thumbs of five patients with grade 3 thumb defects were reconstructed using a wrap-around flap and second toe transplant aided by 3D printing technology. CT scans of hands and feet were analyzed using Boholo surgical simulator software (www.boholo.com). This allowed for the creation of a mirror image of the healthy thumb using the uninjured thumb...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570448/free-lateral-digital-flap-for-reconstruction-of-the-fingers
#14
Hidehiko Yoshimatsu, Takuya Iida, Akitatsu Hayashi, Takafumi Saito
BACKGROUND: The region between the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and the metacarpophalangeal (MP) creases has greater laxity than other regions in the fingers, allowing for primary closure of the donor site. We postulated if we could consistently locate perforators from the region between the PIP and the MP crease on the radial side of the middle and ring fingers, on which a scar would be less conspicuous than one on the radial side of the index finger, these regions would be ideal donor sites for digital reconstruction using very small flaps...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499664/stemi-with-fluctuating-closing-of-lad-and-cx-do-not-concentrate-on-the-finger
#15
Mario Sadaba, Asier Subinas, Jose Ramón Rumoroso
Case report of the male with an anterior STEMI to whom a primary PCI is performed. The angiogram shows a fluctuating close of the LAD and Cx than when an OCT is performed does not clearly see any pathological findings but when the IVUS is performed, it is clearly seen as a coronary haematoma at the LM, LAD and Cx. Stent at the LM-LAD and proximal Cx are implanted with final good result. After exchanging the guiding catheter for a diagnostic catheter to visualize the RCA, there is an aortic flap; the coronary haematoma was coming from an ascending aortic dissection...
March 27, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481465/risk-factors-for-pedicled-flap-necrosis-in-hand-soft-tissue-reconstruction-a-multivariate-logistic-regression-analysis
#16
Xu Gong, Jianli Cui, Ziping Jiang, Laijin Lu, Xiucun Li
BACKGROUND: Few clinical retrospective studies have reported the risk factors of pedicled flap necrosis in hand soft tissue reconstruction. The aim of this study was to identify non-technical risk factors associated with pedicled flap perioperative necrosis in hand soft tissue reconstruction via a multivariate logistic regression analysis. METHODS: For patients with hand soft tissue reconstruction, we carefully reviewed hospital records and identified 163 patients who met the inclusion criteria...
May 8, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470032/pedicled-unipolar-latissimus-dorsi-flap-for-reconstruction-of-finger-extensor
#17
Mitsuhiko Takahashi, Tokio Kasai, Naohito Hibino, Seiji Ishii, Tadashi Mitsuhashi
We describe the use of a pedicled unipolar latissimus dorsi flap to restore finger extension. The patient had large defects in the radial nerve and extensor musculature. A long-tailed, 50-cm-long flap was prepared, which enabled the end of the flap to be sutured to the extensor digitorum.
2017: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464581/-effects-of-vacuum-sealing-drainage-technique-in-acute-and-chronic-suppurative-tenosynovitis-of-hand
#18
H Wang, F Xia, D M Xing, D Ren, W Feng, Y Chen, Z H Xiao, Z M Zhao
Objective: To investigate the effects of vacuum sealing drainage technique in acute and chronic suppurative tenosynovitis of hand. Methods: A total of 9 cases acute and chronic suppurative tenosynovitis patients from January 2013 to April 2015 in Puai Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were retrospectively reviewed. There were 6 males and 3 females, aging from 27 to 65 years, the average age was 55 years. There were 3 cases of index finger, 3 cases of middle finger, 2 cases of ring finger, 1 case include three fingers...
May 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444647/-partial-fasciectomy-and-options-of-reconstruction-using-local-flaps-in-cases-of-dupuytren-s-disease
#19
N Spindler, C Josten, S Langer
Aim: Partial fasciectomy in cases of grade III-IV Dupuytren's contracture and coverage of the defect with local flaps. Indication: Dupuytren's contracture is a progressive disease of the hand associated with the formation of fascial cords, which may result in flexion and adduction contractures of the fingers leading up to complete dysfunction of the hands. Method: If several fingers are affected, partial fasciectomy is the gold standard in the treatment of Dupuytren's contracture. Ideally, the fingers reach the neutral position after the fibres causing the contracture are resected and arthrolysis is performed as needed...
April 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434834/the-zitelli-bilobed-flap-on-skin-coverage-after-mucous-cyst-excision-a-retrospective-cohort-of-33-cases
#20
Isidro Jiménez, Pedro J Delgado, Ricardo Kaempf de Oliveira
PURPOSE: To study the time to wound healing and recurrence rate achieved in the treatment of distal interphalangeal joint mucous cysts using the Zitelli modified bilobed flap. METHODS: We surgically treated 33 patients from January 2006 to June 2015. We assessed demographic data, comorbidities, location and size of the cyst, time to wound healing, and complications. RESULTS: The most affected finger was the right middle finger. All flaps survived and wounds healed in 14 days on average...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
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