keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Forensic Pathology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631383/benford-s-law-for-quality-assurance-of-manner-of-death-counts-in-small-and-large-databases
#1
Jeremy Daniels, Samantha-Jo Caetano, Dirk Huyer, Andrew Stephen, John Fernandes, Alice Lytwyn, Fred M Hoppe
To assess if Benford's law, a mathematical law used for quality assurance in accounting, can be applied as a quality assurance measure for the manner of death determination. We examined a regional forensic pathology service's monthly manner of death counts (N = 2352) from 2011 to 2013, and provincial monthly and weekly death counts from 2009 to 2013 (N = 81,831). We tested whether each dataset's leading digit followed Benford's law via the chi-square test. For each database, we assessed whether number 1 was the most common leading digit...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625099/toxicology-in-clinical-laboratories-challenging-times
#2
N W Brown
In recent years, there have been a number of significant developments in toxicology within clinical laboratories, both with the available instrumentation and in the range of compounds abused by the drug using communities. There have also been developments in the regulation of forensic science in the UK which may in time impact clinical toxicology. This review is designed to provide an update of these changes within toxicology to the more general pathology laboratory audience. For detailed information in specific areas, the reader is referred to the references in the text...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621570/forensic-science-and-forensic-pathology-quality-standards-and-risks
#3
Gillian Tully
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614917/cell-death-associated-ribosomal-rna-cleavage-in-postmortem-tissues-and-its-forensic-applications
#4
Ji Yeon Kim, Yunmi Kim, Hyo Kyeong Cha, Hye Young Lim, Hyungsub Kim, Sooyoung Chung, Juck-Joon Hwang, Seong Hwan Park, Gi Hoon Son
Estimation of postmortem interval (PMI) is a key issue in the field of forensic pathology. With the availability of quantitative analysis of RNA levels in postmortem tissues, several studies have assessed the postmortem degradation of constitutively expressed RNA species to estimate PMI. However, conventional RNA quantification as well as biochemical and physiological changes employed thus far have limitations related to standardization or normalization. The present study focuses on an interesting feature of the subdomains of certain RNA species, in which they are site-specifically cleaved during apoptotic cell death...
June 15, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612206/temperature-corrected-postmortem-3-t-mr-quantification-of-histopathological-early-acute-and-chronic-myocardial-infarction-a-feasibility-study
#5
Anders Persson, John Baeckmann, Johan Berge, Christian Jackowski, Marcel Warntjes, Wolf-Dieter Zech
The goal of the present study was to evaluate if quantitative postmortem cardiac 3-T magnetic resonance (QPMCMR) T1 and T2 relaxation times and proton density values of histopathological early acute and chronic myocardial infarction differ to the quantitative values of non-pathologic myocardium and other histopathological age stages of myocardial infarction with regard to varying corpse temperatures. In 60 forensic corpses (25 female, 35 male), a cardiac 3-T MR quantification sequence was performed prior to autopsy and cardiac dissection...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593772/-complications-arising-out-of-insufficient-reporting-of%C3%A2-clinical-data-to-the-pathologist-investigating-placentas
#6
Š Hadravská, M Dubová, P Mukenšnabl, O Daum
OBJECTIVE: To inform gynecologists-obstetricians about the problems associated with pathological examination of placentas, with special regard to the possibility of crucial role of complete and relevant clinical data in establishing the correct pathological diagnosis. DESIGN: Case report and overview of the problems associated with examination of placentas by pathologist. SETTING: Sikl´s Institute of Pathology, Faculty Hospital and Medical Faculty Pilzen of the Charles University in Prague; Biopticka laborator, s...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590265/expression-of-kgf-1-and-kgf-2-in-skin-wounds-and-its-application-in-forensic-pathology
#7
Lin Sheng Yu, Xing Biao Li, Yan Yan Fan, Guang Hua Ye, Jun-Li Li, Tong-Tong Fu, Yi Liao, Feng Li
The expression of keratinocyte growth factor-1 (KGF-1) and keratinocyte growth factor-2 (KGF-2) in skin wounds in mice was studied using multiple methods. The dynamic expression of KGF-1 and KGF-2 for antemortem and postmortem injuries as well as the examination of antemortem injuries after death under different temperature and over varying time periods was studied. It demonstrates that skin KGF-1 resulting from an antemortem injury starts to rise at 6 hours, reaches its peak at 1 day, and starts to drop at 5 days...
June 5, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588157/an-evaluation-of-faculty-wise-teaching-performance-in-a-public-medical-college-of-bangladesh
#8
M K Khan, M R Hassan, S K Saha, M S Basher, S Kabir, A N Naushad
Teaching is a complex and demanding activity that involves Mastery of content, classroom control and techniques of organization and command of teaching skills. Teachers' continuous engagement in learning, skill acquisition and refinement to practice is essential for meeting student learning needs. Medical education is principally centered on the transmission of medical knowledge and assisting medical students to acquire the necessary skills and attitudes associated with medical practice. Evaluation of teaching is important in the teaching-learning process...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584475/virtopsy-touch-free-autopsy
#9
REVIEW
Raj Kumar Badam, Triekan Sownetha, D B Gandhi Babu, Shefali Waghray, Lavanya Reddy, Komali Garlapati, Sunanda Chavva
The word "autopsy" denotes "to see with own eyes." Autopsy (postmortem) is a process that includes a thorough examination of a corpse noting everything related to anatomization, surface wounds, histological and culture studies. Virtopsy is a term extracted from two words "virtual" and "autopsy." It employs imaging methods that are routinely used in clinical medicine such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in the field of autopsy, to find the reason for death. Virtopsy is a multi-disciplinary technology that combines forensic medicine and pathology, roentgenology, computer graphics, biomechanics, and physics...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574035/-vascular-pathology-in-the-aspect-of-sudden-death-in-young-adults-and-connective-tissue-dysplasia-anatomical-physiological-and-morphological-parallels
#10
Iu I Pigolkin, M A Shilova, I V Globa
Vascular pathology in young adults has during the last 10 years been diagnosed more often during forensic medical examination of sudden death. Major morphological alterations are revealed in cerebral vessels, coronary vessels, and at the level of the ascending portion of the aorta. Generally, in the young age there is no stenosing atherosclerosis inducing vascular lesions and the development of complications. It was determined that connective tissue dysplasia is pathology wherein weakness of the vascular wall is genetically preconditioned, thus promoting formation of vascular aneurysms and rupture of the latter under conditions of provoking factors such as going in for sports, physical loads, and psychoemotional stress...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567968/sudden-death-by-spontaneous-epiglottic-hematoma-secondary-to-high-blood-levels-of-warfarin
#11
Séverine Gilard-Pioc, Pascal Guerard, François Paraf, Irène François-Purssell
A 67-year-old man was found dead, at his home. On external examination, we found a voluminous purplish black ecchymosis of the anterior neck area. On internal examination, we found a voluminous epiglottis hematoma completely obstructing the upper airway. It was associated with other sites of intra-abdominal hemorrhage. Toxicological studies revealed the presence of warfarin at a concentration of 8.4 mg/L in peripheral blood, which supposes an INR well above 4.5. To conclude, we supposed death was due to asphyxia secondary to a spontaneous epiglottic hematoma caused by a high blood concentration of warfarin...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540038/effectiveness-of-paliperidone-depot-injection-in-seriously-violent-men-with-comorbid-schizophrenia-and-dissocial-personality-disorder-in-a-uk-high-security-hospital
#12
Anna-Marie Mortlock, Fintan Larkin, Callum C Ross, Nitin Gupta, Samrat Sengupta, Mrigendra Das
BACKGROUND: High-security hospital patients are often complex in presentation and are characterized by treatment resistance, medication nonadherence and history of violence. Paliperidone is licensed both as an oral and depot antipsychotic medication in the treatment of schizophrenia. Clinical trials have shown that paliperidone depot is well tolerated with similar efficacy to risperidone depot but with additional practical advantages. Whilst data exist for the effectiveness of paliperidone palmitate (PP), there are no studies involving patients in forensic settings or those with comorbid personality disorder...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538362/statistical-analysis-of-organ-morphometric-parameters-and-weights-in-south-iranian-adult-autopsies
#13
Saeid Gholamzadeh, Mohammad Zarenezhad, Mahmoud Montazeri, Marzieh Zareikordshooli, Ghazaleh Sadeghi, Abdorrasoul Malekpour, Sanaz Hoseni, Mohammadreza Bahrani, Razieh Hajatmand
Organ weight is one important indicator to discern normal from abnormal condition in forensic pathology as well as in clinical medicine. The present study aimed to investigate morphometric parameters and organ weights of southern Iranian adults, which can be fundamental sources to be compared to abnormal cases.Morphometric parameters and weights of 6 organs (heart, liver, kidney, spleen, appendix, and brain), which were harvested from 501 southern Iranian adults (385 males and 116 females) during ordinary postmortem examination, were measured...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532438/the-effect-of-color-type-on-early-wound-healing-in-farmed-mink-neovison-vison
#14
A Jespersen, H E Jensen, J F Agger, P M H Heegaard, P Damborg, B Aalbæk, A S Hammer
BACKGROUND: Individual differences of mink, including color type, are speculated to affect the course of wound healing, thereby impacting wound assessment and management on the farms, as well as the assessment of wounds in forensic cases. In this study, we examined the effect of color type on early wound healing in farmed mink. Full thickness excisional wounds (2 × 2 cm) were made on the back in 18 mink of the color types Brown, Silverblue and Blue Iris. Gross and microscopic pathology of the wounds was evaluated 2 days post-wounding together with degree of wound size reduction, presence of bacteria and blood analyses...
May 22, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499667/insight-into-the-incidence-of-acute-aortic-dissection-in-the-german-region-of-berlin-and-brandenburg
#15
S D Kurz, V Falk, J Kempfert, M Gieb, T M Ruschinski, M Kukucka, M Tsokos, H Grubitzsch, H Herbst, J Semmler, C Buschmann
BACKGROUND: Stanford acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) is a potentially lethal condition. Epidemiology studies show a statistical incidence in Europe of approximately 2-16 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year. In Germany, the estimated incidence (here subsumed under "thoracic aortic dissection" with 4.63 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year) is mainly extracted from medical death certificates by the German Federal Statistical Office. The prehospital incidence of ATAAD deaths is largely unknown...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497398/early-markers-of-myocardial-ischemia-from-the-experimental-model-to-forensic-pathology-cases-of-sudden-cardiac-death
#16
Sara Sabatasso, Milena Moretti, Patrice Mangin, Tony Fracasso
The goal of this study was to assess whether early markers of myocardial ischemia, identified in a previous experimental work, can be applied in forensic pathology cases of sudden, ischemic cardiac death. These markers include desphosphorylated connexin 43 (Cx43), JunB, TUNEL assay, myoglobin, and troponin T. Fourteen cases of sudden cardiac death with gross and/or histological signs of myocardial infarction and 14 cases of sudden cardiac death with signs of early ischemia at histology and positive immunoreactions for fibronectin and C5b-9 were investigated...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469515/hanging-fatalities-in-central-bangkok-thailand-a-13-year-retrospective-study
#17
Nattapong Tulapunt, Swarin Phanchan, Vichan Peonim
Hanging is violent asphyxial death. The objective of this study is to assess the data of hanging cases. A descriptive-retrospective study was conducted. We studied 244 hanging cases autopsied in Forensic Division, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, between January 2001 and December 2013. The study included 197 men (80.7%) and 47 women (19.2%). Their age ranged from 14 to 93 years. Most of these cases were incomplete hanging (83.6%). Features of hanging victims, such as tongue protrusion; congestion of face; petechial hemorrhage of face, conjunctiva, and internal organs; and neck injuries, significantly correlated with complete hanging...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466139/forensic-aspects-of-gene-expression-signatures-for-age-determination-in-bruises-as-evaluated-in-an-experimental-porcine-model
#18
Kristiane Barington, Henrik Elvang Jensen, Kerstin Skovgaard
Determining the age of bruises and the force used to inflict the trauma is of crucial importance in both human and veterinary forensic pathology. In the present study, the expression of more than 50 different genes in subcutaneous fat and muscle tissue from experimental bruises in pigs was investigated. The aim was to evaluate if expression signatures of selected genes were capable of determining bruises according to age and the force of impact. Eighteen experimental pigs were anesthetized, and on each animal four blunt traumas were inflicted on the back with a low, moderate or high force...
June 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464277/forensic-case-reports-presenting-immersion-pulmonary-edema-as-a-differential-diagnosis-in-fatal-diving-accidents
#19
Julie Vinkel, Peter Bak, Peter Juel Thiis Knudsen, Ole Hyldegaard
Immersion Pulmonary Edema (IPE) reduces the transport of gases over the respiratory membrane due to edema in the interstitium and respiratory zones. IPE has previously been described in both swimmers and divers, with a few known fatal cases. We have reviewed 42 SCUBA and snorkeling-related drowning deaths, and through a thorough analysis of each case, including both diving physiology and forensic pathology, we present IPE as a differential diagnosis to drowning in four cases. Our findings propose that; absence of watery content in the stomach and conducting airways, and liquid filled lungs without hyperexpansion, may be compatible with IPE...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457512/sex-prediction-potential-of-hyoid-metric-measurements-in-iranian-adults
#20
Siamak Soltani, Kamran Aghakhani, Fardin Fallah
OBJECTIVES: Human hyoid is sexually dimorphic and is useful for sexing unknown skeletal remains. We aimed to find sex prediction potential of three linear dimensions of hyoid bones obtained from a series of cadavers with Persian ethnicity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 2015 at Forensic Pathology Organization of Tehran, Iran. We directly measured three linear dimensions of a series of hyoid samples obtained from cadavers during their neck autopsy in a convenience method...
March 2017: Legal Medicine
keyword
keyword
3525
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"