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Social support and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926876/-advances-in-the-research-of-characteristics-and-treatment-of-burns-in-the-elderly
#1
R Liu, Z Y Li
With the development of society and the improvement of medical level, the average life span of human has been increasing year by year. The proportion of elderly burn patients is also increasing yearly, which has become a social problem that can not be ignored. Because of physiological characteristics, such as decreased function of heart, lung, and kidney, degenerative changes of neural system, reduced gastrointestinal function and immunological function, and mostly accompanied by primary diseases of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, elderly burn patients suffer from high shock rate and mortality, and their wounds are not easy to heal...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926330/-diabetes-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-portuguese-population-in-2014
#2
Joana Santos, Irina Kislaya, Liliana Antunes, Ana João Santos, Ana Paula Paula Rodrigues, Mariana Neto, Carlos Matias Dias
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is a major public health problem and it is related to socioeconomic factors. The aim of this study is to describe socioeconomic inequalities in the distribution of diabetes in the population with 25 years or more, resident in Portugal in 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from the Health National Survey 2014 was analysed, n = 16 786. We estimated the prevalence of diabetes in the population and stratified by socioeconomic variables namely educational level and income...
August 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918307/an-application-of-bandura-s-four-sources-of-self-efficacy-to-the-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-an-inductive-and-deductive-thematic-analysis
#3
Andrew Maine, Adele Dickson, Maria Truesdale, Michael Brown
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the successful experiences and positive perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) self-managing Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). This study sought to address this gap using Bandura's (1977) 'Four Sources of Self-Efficacy' as a framework of enquiry. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 adults with ID. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive and deductive thematic analysis RESULTS: Nine sub-themes were identified following analysis of the data: 1) Mastery through knowledge; 2) Mastery through tools and strategies; 3) Mastery through autonomy; 4) Influence of social setting; 5) Positive social comparisons; 6) Positive and negative self-statements; 7) Feedback from caregivers; 8) Adjustment experiences; 9) Symptom awareness...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914815/a-systematic-review-family-support-integrated-with-diabetes-self-management-among-uncontrolled-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#4
REVIEW
Rian Adi Pamungkas, Kanittha Chamroonsawasdi, Paranee Vatanasomboon
The rate of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is dramatically increasing worldwide. Continuing diabetes mellitus (DM) care needs effective self-management education and support for both patients and family members. This study aimed to review and describe the impacts of diabetes mellitus self-management education (DSME) that involve family members on patient outcomes related to patient health behaviors and perceived self-efficacy on self-management such as medication adherence, blood glucose monitoring, diet and exercise changes, health outcomes including psychological well-being and self-efficacy, and physiological markers including body mass index, level of blood pressure, cholesterol level and glycemic control...
September 15, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888496/-mission-impossible-the-mothering-of-a-child-with-type-1-diabetes-from-the-perspective-of-mothers-experiencing-burnout
#5
Caisa Lindström, Jan Åman, Annika Lindahl Norberg, Maria Forssberg, Agneta Anderzén-Carlsson
PURPOSE: To explore how mothers experiencing burnout describe their mothering of a child with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), with a focus on their experienced need for control and self-esteem. METHODS: This study used a qualitative, descriptive design and aimed to reveal the experience of mothering a child with diabetes when experiencing burnout. Twenty-one mothers of children with T1DM who were experiencing burnout participated in this study. Data were collected via semi-structured interviews, and content analysis was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887192/integrating-smartphone-technology-social-support-and-the-outdoor-physical-environment-to-improve-fitness-among-adults-at-risk-of-or-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes-findings-from-the-ecofit-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Ronald C Plotnikoff, Magdalena Wilczynska, Kristen E Cohen, Jordan J Smith, David R Lubans
The risk and prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) has dramatically increased over the past decade. The aim of this study was to develop, implement and evaluate a physical activity intervention to improve aerobic and muscular fitness among adults at risk of, or diagnosed with T2D. A 20-week, assessor blinded, parallel-group randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted at the University of Newcastle (June-December 2015). Adults were randomized to the intervention (n=42) or wait-list control group (n=42). The theory-based intervention included: Phase 1 (weeks 1-10) integrated group sessions (outdoor physical activity and cognitive mentoring), and the eCoFit smartphone application (app)...
September 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886107/self-rated-health-in-senegal-a-comparison-between-urban-and-rural-areas
#7
Priscilla Duboz, Gilles Boëtsch, Lamine Gueye, Enguerran Macia
INTRODUCTION: Although the relationship between mortality and self-rated health has been demonstrated in sub-Saharan Africa, information in this area is rudimentary. In Senegal, no study has been undertaken comparing self-rated health between urban and rural areas. The objective of this study is therefore to compare self-rated health and its main predictors in Dakar and in a rural isolated area, Tessekere municipality, taking into account socio-demographic and economic factors, social relations, as well as measures of physical and mental health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873970/immunosuppressive-agents-in-adult-kidney-transplantation-in-the-national-health-service-a-model-based-economic-evaluation
#8
Tristan M Snowsill, Jason Moore, Ruben E Mujica Mota, Jaime L Peters, Tracey L Jones-Hughes, Nicola J Huxley, Helen F Coelho, Marcela Haasova, Chris Cooper, Jenny A Lowe, Jo L Varley-Campbell, Louise Crathorne, Matt J Allwood, Rob Anderson
Background: Immunosuppression is required in kidney transplantation to prevent rejection and prolong graft survival. We conducted an economic evaluation to support England's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence in developing updated guidance on the use of immunosuppression, incorporating new immunosuppressive agents, and addressing changes in pricing and the evidence base. Methods: A discrete-time state transition model was developed to simulate adult kidney transplant patients over their lifetime...
July 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873220/patterns-and-predictors-of-frailty-transitions-in-older-men-the-osteoporotic-fractures-in-men-study
#9
Lauren R Pollack, Stephanie Litwack-Harrison, Peggy M Cawthon, Kristine Ensrud, Nancy E Lane, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Thuy-Tien Dam
OBJECTIVES: To describe the natural history of frailty transitions in a large cohort of community-dwelling older men and identify predictors associated with progression to or improvement from states of greater frailty. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Six U.S. sites. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling men aged 65 and older (N = 5,086). MEASUREMENTS: Frailty was measured at baseline and an average of 4...
September 5, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872765/digital-therapy-in-diabetes
#10
REVIEW
Avivit Cahn, Amit Akirov, Itamar Raz
Diabetes care is largely dependent on patient self-management and empowerment, given that patients with diabetes must make numerous daily decisions of what to eat, when to exercise, and determine their insulin dose and timing if required. Additionally, patients and providers are generating vast amounts of data from many sources including electronic medical records, insulin pumps, sensors, glucometers, other wearables, as well as evolving genomic, proteomic, metabolomic and microbiomic data. Multiple digital tools and apps have been developed to assist patients to choose wisely, as well as enhance their compliance by employing motivational tools and incorporating incentives from social media and gaming techniques...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867396/the-healthy-hearts-and-kidneys-hhk-study-design-of-a-2%C3%A3-2-rct-of-technology-supported-self-monitoring-and-social-cognitive-theory-based-counseling-to-engage-overweight-people-with-diabetes-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-multiple-lifestyle-changes
#11
Mary Ann Sevick, Kathleen Woolf, Aditya Mattoo, Stuart D Katz, Huilin Li, David E St-Jules, Ram Jagannathan, Lu Hu, Mary Lou Pompeii, Lisa Ganguzza, Zhi Li, Alex Sierra, Stephen K Williams, David S Goldfarb
Patients with complex chronic diseases usually must make multiple lifestyle changes to limit and manage their conditions. Numerous studies have shown that education alone is insufficient for engaging people in lifestyle behavior change, and that theory-based behavioral approaches also are necessary. However, even the most motivated individual may have difficulty with making lifestyle changes because of the information complexity associated with multiple behavior changes. The goal of the current Healthy Hearts and Kidneys study was to evaluate, different mobile health (mHealth)-delivered intervention approaches for engaging individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and concurrent chronic kidney disease (CKD) in behavior changes...
August 31, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867311/distal-technologies-and-type-1-diabetes-management
#12
REVIEW
Danny C Duke, Samantha Barry, David V Wagner, Jane Speight, Pratik Choudhary, Michael A Harris
Type 1 diabetes requires intensive self-management to avoid acute and long-term health complications. In the past two decades, substantial advances in technology have enabled more effective and convenient self-management of type 1 diabetes. Although proximal technologies (eg, insulin pumps, continuous glucose monitors, closed-loop and artificial pancreas systems) have been the subject of frequent systematic and narrative reviews, distal technologies have received scant attention. Distal technologies refer to electronic systems designed to provide a service remotely and include heterogeneous systems such as telehealth, mobile health applications, game-based support, social platforms, and patient portals...
August 31, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858971/effect-of-family-based-education-on-the-quality-of-life-of-persons-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Hossein Ebrahimi, Zahra Ashrafi, Daryadokht Masroor Rudsari, Zohreh Parsayekta, Hamid Haghani
BACKGROUND: Diabetes, a disease with increasing prevalence, requires comprehensive support from family members to ensure that sufferers are able to perform daily activities. The chronic nature of diabetes and its potential side effects impose high financial costs on patients and families, reduce their quality of life (QOL), and change the lifestyle of both patients and their families. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a family-based training program on QOL in persons with Type 2 diabetes...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856697/what-is-the-postpartum-experience-of-danish-women-following-gestational-diabetes-a-qualitative-exploration
#14
Line Svensson, Karoline Kragelund Nielsen, Helle Terkildsen Maindal
BACKGROUND: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) receive acute but short-term care during pregnancy. There is less direct support during the postpartum period; women are offered general advice on how to follow a healthy lifestyle to avoid developing future type 2 diabetes. Observational studies suggest that a substantial proportion of women with prior GDM do not sustain recommended lifestyle changes postpartum. In a qualitative study, we examined how Danish women diagnosed with GDM experience the transition from a GDM-affected pregnancy to the postpartum period...
August 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855459/background-characteristics-and-clinical-features-of-elderly-patients-with-hyperglycemic-hyperosmolar-syndrome
#15
Takuya Yamaoka, Yoshiaki Tamura, Remi Kodera, Yuki Tsuboi, Ken Sato, Yuko Chiba, Seijiro Mori, Hideki Ito, Atsushi Araki
AIM: Few reports have described the characteristics of hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS) in the elderly. We investigated the background characteristics and clinical features of 14 elderly patients with HHS. METHODS: HHS was diagnosed based on a blood glucose level of >600 mg/dL and an effective plasma osmolality [2 (Na) + glu/18] of >320 mOsm/kg. For 14 cases of HHS, we investigated the medical and social backgrounds of the patients, their clinical findings, and the outcomes...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843239/evaluation-of-cognitive-functions-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-with-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Ata Pourabbasi, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Soqra Ebrahimi Qavam, Jalal Farzami, Bagher Larijani
Diabetes in children and adolescents is a chronic condition with an expanding trend in the community. Several studies have shown cognitive dysfunctions are the most important side effects of diabetes among individuals of younger ages. Due to cultural differences and their impact on cognitive issues, the authors decided to assess the cognitive functions of Iranian children and adolescents with diabetes. Cognitive functions including memory, attention and executive functions were evaluated in 62 diabetic children and adolescents and healthy peers using CANTAB cognitive tests...
June 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843034/changing-psychosocial-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-diet-in-women-with-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Judith G M Jelsma, Mireille N M van Poppel, Ben J Smith, Nancy Cinnadaio, Adrian Bauman, Linda Tapsell, N Wah Cheung, Hidde P van der Ploeg
AIM: To investigate how a behavioural lifestyle intervention influences psychosocial determinants of physical activity and dietary behaviours in a population at risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: 59 women with a body mass index of ≥25 kg/m(2) and a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) participated in a randomized controlled study. The intervention group (n=29) received two face-to-face and five telephone lifestyle-counselling sessions with a health professional...
August 26, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841856/neuropathy-specific-alterations-in-a-mexican-population-of-diabetic-patients
#18
Angélica Carbajal-Ramírez, Rebeca García-Macedo, Carlos Manlio Díaz-García, Carmen Sanchez-Soto, Araceli Méndez Padrón, Jorge Escobedo de la Peña, Miguel Cruz, Marcia Hiriart
BACKGROUND: Neuropathy is one of the major complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our first aim was to determine the clinical characteristics of a population of diabetic patients with different types of neuropathy. Our next goal was to characterize the cytokine profile (IL-6 and IL-10), nerve growth factor (NGF) and circulating cell-adhesion molecules in these patients. Finally, we aimed to compare the renal function among the groups of neuropathic patients. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we included 217 diabetic patients classified in three groups: sensory polyneuropathy with hypoesthesia (DShP) or hyperesthesia (DSHP), and motor neuropathy (DMN)...
August 25, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835221/quality-of-life-and-trust-among-young-people-with-narcolepsy-and-their-families-after-the-pandemrix%C3%A2-vaccination-protocol-for-a-case-control-study
#19
Karin Blomberg, Agneta Anderzén Carlsson, Lars Hagberg, Östen Jonsson, Lena Leissner, Mats H Eriksson
BACKGROUND: The extensive vaccination programme against swine flu resulted in an increased incidence of narcolepsy among children and adolescents. There is a need to explore if these young persons' experiences have affected their trust in healthcare, their willingness to participate in future prevention programmes, and their contacts with the healthcare system. The overall aim is to identify factors important for the life-situation of children and adolescents with narcolepsy and their families, and factors that correlate with trust in healthcare...
August 23, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833339/an-ethnographic-investigation-of-healthcare-providers-approaches-to-facilitating-person-centredness-in-group-based-diabetes-education
#20
Vibeke Stenov, Nana Folmann Hempler, Susanne Reventlow, Gitte Wind
AIM: To investigate approaches among healthcare providers (HCPs) that support or hinder person-centredness in group-based diabetes education programmes targeting persons with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Ethnographic fieldwork in a municipal and a hospital setting in Denmark. The two programmes included 21 participants and 10 HCPs and were observed over 5 weeks. Additionally, 10 in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients (n = 7) and HCPs (n = 3)...
August 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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