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Social support and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166399/public-responses-to-proposals-for-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-thematic-analysis-of-online-reader-comments-posted-on-major-uk-news-websites
#1
Molly Thomas-Meyer, Oliver Mytton, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: Regular consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and dental caries. The UK will introduce a levy on the manufacturers of SSBs in 2018. Details will be negotiated over the next two years. How the UK public views SSB taxes is likely to be an important determinant of the content and success of the final policy. We aimed to capture the views, ideas and concerns of commenters on major UK news websites on SSB taxes. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a qualitative analysis of reader comments to online news coverage of one proposal for an SSB tax in the UK...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159808/association-between-height-and-periodontitis-in-korean-adults-results-from-knhanes-iv-and-v
#2
S-H Shim, D-H Han
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Evidence shows that a short stature in adulthood is associated with chronic diseases. However, few studies have investigated the association between height and periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between adult height and periodontitis and to assess the roles of covariates in different birth cohorts of Korea. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using the data from the 4th and 5th Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147119/psychosocial-factors-predicting-length-of-hospitalization-in-elderly-individuals-with-diabetes-in-selected-hospitals-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences-isfahan-iran-in-2015
#3
Omeleila Baharlooei, Mousa Alavi, Marzieh Adelmehraban
BACKGROUND: Currently, researchers seek to identify factors related to length of hospital stay in elderly in order to reduce burden on the health system. The importance of either physiological or psychological factors in determining health outcomes has been well stablished; however, the possible contribution of psychosocial factors particularly in elderly patients with diabetes is also of special importance. This study aimed to know what psychosocial variables predicts length of hospital stay in elderly patients with diabetes...
May 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138541/the-effect-of-peer-support-in-adults-with-insulin-pump-treated-type-1-diabetes-a-pilot-study-of-a-flexible-and-participatory-intervention
#4
Lene Eide Joensen, Merete Meldgaard Andersen, Sabrina Jensen, Kirsten Nørgaard, Ingrid Willaing
Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of a flexible and participatory peer support intervention in a clinical setting for adults with type 1 diabetes treated with an insulin pump, focusing on enhancing diabetes-specific social capital. The key questions were as follows: 1) what effects are appropriate to expect, according to participants? and 2) to what extent did these effects occur? Methods: Two peer support intervention programs were conducted in a diabetes specialist clinic (N=30)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134297/community-based-efforts-to-prevent-and-manage-diabetes-in-women-living-in-vulnerable-communities
#5
Laurie Lachance, R Patrick Kelly, Margaret Wilkin, Jodi Burke, Sandra Waddell
Social determinants of health likely play a significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes for women in vulnerable communities. Adult African American women diagnosed with or at-risk for diabetes in Inkster, Michigan (n = 113) and a group of demographically similar women in Flint, Michigan (n = 48) participated in programs aimed at increasing diabetes-related self-management behaviors through peer coaching, health literacy training, and social support. Participants completed surveys to measure changes in health, health behaviors, health literacy, and social support...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132622/know-thy-ehealth-user-development-of-biopsychosocial-personas-from-a-study-of-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#6
Richard J Holden, Anand Kulanthaivel, Saptarshi Purkayastha, Kathryn M Goggins, Sunil Kripalani
BACKGROUND: Personas are a canonical user-centered design method increasingly used in health informatics research. Personas-empirically-derived user archetypes-can be used by eHealth designers to gain a robust understanding of their target end users such as patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop biopsychosocial personas of older patients with heart failure using quantitative analysis of survey data. METHOD: Data were collected using standardized surveys and medical record abstraction from 32 older adults with heart failure recently hospitalized for acute heart failure exacerbation...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121408/community-health-workers-supporting-clinical-pharmacists-in-diabetes-management-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Lisa K Sharp, Jessica J Tilton, Daniel R Touchette, Yinglin Xia, Daniel Mihailescu, Michael L Berbaum, Ben S Gerber
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of clinical pharmacists and community health workers (CHWs) in improving glycemic control within a low-income, ethnic minority population. METHODS: In a two-arm, 2-year, crossover trial, 179 African-American and 65 Hispanic adult patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c] ≥ 8%) were randomized to CHW support either during the first or second year of the study. All participants received clinical pharmacist support for both years of the study...
November 9, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119864/associations-between-having-an-informal-caregiver-social-support-and-self-care-among-low-income-adults-with-poorly-controlled-diabetes
#8
Erin D Bouldin, Ranak B Trivedi, Gayle E Reiber, Ann-Marie Rosland, Julie B Silverman, James Krieger, Karin M Nelson
Objective To determine whether the presence of an informal caregiver and the patient's level of social support are associated with better diabetes self-care among adults with poorly controlled diabetes. Methods Cross-sectional study using baseline data from 253 adults of age 30-70 with poorly controlled diabetes. Participants who reported receiving assistance with their diabetes from a friend or family member in the past month were classified as having a caregiver. We used multivariate linear and logistic regression models to evaluate the associations between having a caregiver and level of social support with five self-reported diabetes self-care behaviors: diet, foot checks, blood glucose monitoring, medications, and physical activity...
December 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114913/a-retrospective-analysis-of-cardiometabolic-health-in-a-large-cohort-of-truck-drivers-compared-to-the-american-working-population
#9
Matthew S Thiese, Richard J Hanowski, Gary Moffitt, Stefanos N Kales, Richard J Porter, Brenden Ronna, Natalie Hartenbaum, Kurt T Hegmann
BACKGROUND: Truck drivers face many health challenges, including lifestyle, diet, inactivity, stressors, and social support. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional analysis compared 88,246 truck drivers with data from (n = 11 918) the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Trends over time for body mass index (BMI), high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, and sleep disorders were analyzed, adjusting for potential confounders...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113442/barriers-and-facilitators-to-adherence-to-anti-diabetic-medications-ethiopian-patients-perspectives
#10
Bruck M Habte, Tedla Kebede, Teferi G Fenta, Heather Boon
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the experiences of Ethiopian patients with type 2 diabetes related to adherence to their anti-diabetic medications. This may limit attempts to develop and implement patient-centred approaches that consider Ethiopian contexts. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an exploratory study with a focus on identifying barriers and facilitators to anti-diabetic medications adherence in Ethiopian patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Qualitative methods were used to conduct semi-structured interviews with 39 purposively selected participants attending clinic in three public hospitals in central Ethiopia...
October 17, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102987/perceived-barriers-to-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-attending-primary-healthcare-in-oman-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Thamra Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Yahya Mohd Al Farsi, Elaine Bannerman, Angela Mary Craigie, Annie S Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity is fundamental in diabetes management for good metabolic control. This study aimed to identify barriers to performing leisure time physical activity and explore differences based on gender, age, marital status, employment, education, income and perceived stages of change in physical activity in adults with type 2 diabetes in Oman. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using an Arabic version of the 'Barriers to Being Active' 27-item questionnaire...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067269/the-influence-of-diabetes-distress-on-digital-interventions-for-diabetes-management-in-vulnerable-people-with-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study-of-patient-perspectives
#12
Anne Sophie Mathiesen, Thordis Thomsen, Tonny Jensen, Charlotte Schiøtz, Henning Langberg, Ingrid Egerod
BACKGROUND: Digital interventions for improving diabetes management in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are used universally. Digital interventions are defined as any intervention accessed and taking input from people with T2DM in the form of a web-based or mobile phone-based app to improve diabetes self-management. However, the current confidence in digital interventions threatens to augment social inequalities in health, also known as the "digital divide". To counteract dissemination of the digital divide, we aimed to assess the potential of a tailored digital intervention for improving diabetes management in vulnerable people with T2DM...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064772/reducing-diabetes-distress-and-improving-self-management-with-mindfulness
#13
Robin R Whitebird, Mary Jo Kreitzer, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Chris J Enstad
Stress associated with diabetes makes managing diabetes harder. We investigated whether mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) could reduce diabetes distress and improve management. We recruited 38 participants to complete an MBSR program. Surveys and lab values were completed at baseline and post-intervention. Participants showed significant improvement in diabetes-related distress (Cohen's d -.71, p < .002), psychosocial self-efficacy (Cohen's d .80, p < .001), and glucose control (Cohen's d -...
October 24, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062616/association-of-internal-mammary-artery-flow-with-different-comorbidities-and-post-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-complications
#14
Mudassir Iqbal Dar, Asim Hassan Dar, Muhammad Bilal, Mansoor Ahmad, Abdul Haseeb
Objective The internal mammary artery (IMA) is commonly used arterial graft for coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). The IMA has a better patency and survival. This study considers different comorbidities and conditions where IMA flow may be low. Therefore, the main objective is to determine the flow of IMA in different diseases, its relation to gender, age, and in different blood groups in order to prevent possible complications. Methods A prospective study was conducted at the Cardiac Surgery Unit, Civil Hospital Karachi from January 2013 to December 2015...
August 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051912/evaluating-diabetes-care-for-patients-with-serious-mental-illness-using-the-chronic-care-model-a-pilot-study
#15
Kelly Vaez, Lauren Diegel-Vacek, Catherine Ryan, Pamela Martyn-Nemeth
People with serious mental illness (SMI) have a higher incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and shorter life span due to medical health problems. The chronic care model (CCM) has been used to improve care of patients with T2DM. One clinical organization that provided primary care to patients with SMI had excellent diabetes outcomes but did not have information on how they achieved those outcomes. Thus, we conducted a pilot study chart review for 30 patients with T2DM and SMI to determine how well the clinic's system aligned with the overall CCM components and which components correlated with diabetes control...
January 2017: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047384/enhancing-evidence-based-diabetes-and-chronic-disease-control-among-local-health-departments-a-multi-phase-dissemination-study-with-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial-component
#16
Renee G Parks, Rachel G Tabak, Peg Allen, Elizabeth A Baker, Katherine A Stamatakis, Allison R Poehler, Yan Yan, Marshall H Chin, Jenine K Harris, Maureen Dobbins, Ross C Brownson
BACKGROUND: The rates of diabetes and prediabetes in the USA are growing, significantly impacting the quality and length of life of those diagnosed and financially burdening society. Premature death and disability can be prevented through implementation of evidence-based programs and policies (EBPPs). Local health departments (LHDs) are uniquely positioned to implement diabetes control EBPPs because of their knowledge of, and focus on, community-level needs, contexts, and resources. There is a significant gap, however, between known diabetes control EBPPs and actual diabetes control activities conducted by LHDs...
October 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045011/consumer-health-information-seeking-in-social-media-a-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Yuehua Zhao, Jin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this literature review was to summarise current research regarding how consumers seek health-related information from social media. Primarily, we hope to reveal characteristics of existing studies investigating the health topics that consumers have discussed in social media, ascertaining the roles social media have played in consumers' information-seeking processes and discussing the potential benefits and concerns of accessing consumer health information in social media...
October 17, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044463/prehospital-delay-in-older-adults-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-the-comprehensive-evaluation-of-risk-factors-in-older-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-study
#18
Gregory M Ouellet, Mary Geda, Terrence E Murphy, Sui Tsang, Mary E Tinetti, Sarwat I Chaudhry
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Timely administration of antiischemic therapies improves outcomes in individuals with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Prior literature on delays in AMI care has largely focused on in-hospital delay ("door to balloon" time). Our objective was to identify factors associated with prehospital delay in a contemporary national cohort of older adults with AMI. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the ComprehenSIVe Evaluation of Risk Factors in Older Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction (SILVER-AMI) study, an observational study of older adults hospitalized for AMI...
November 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042407/can-favourable-psychosocial-working-conditions-in-midlife-moderate-the-risk-of-work-exit-for-chronically-ill-workers-a-20-year-follow-up-of-the-whitehall-ii-study
#19
Maria Fleischmann, Ewan Carr, Stephen A Stansfeld, Baowen Xue, Jenny Head
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if favourable psychosocial working conditions can reduce the risk of work exit and specifically for workers with chronic disease. METHODS: Men and women (32%) aged 35-55, working and having no chronic disease at baseline of the Whitehall II study of London-based civil servants were selected (n=9040). We observed participants' exit from work through retirement, health-related exit and unemployment, new diagnosis of chronic disease (ie, coronary heart disease, diabetes, stroke and cancer) and their psychosocial working conditions in midlife...
October 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034667/-to-analyse-the-transferability-of-an-intervention%C3%A2-applying-the-functions-implementation-context-model-on-a-diabetes-prevention-programme
#20
Adrian Fianu, Mélanie Villeval, Nadège Naty, François Favier, Thierry Lang
INTRODUCTION: A type 2 diabetes primary prevention programme that was shown to be feasible and effective in 2003 was transferred to another vulnerable district of Reunion Island in 2004, but its short-term effectiveness could not be reproduced. Based on this example, this article analyses whether the key functions/implementation/context model can be useful to : 1- more accurately describe an evaluated intervention ; and 2- identify the factors involved in the transferability of this intervention...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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