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Social support and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918866/a-lot-of-hard-work-but-doable-pregnancy-experiences-of-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#1
Meaghan McGrath, Joan Chrisler
Despite many medical advances, pregnant women with type-1 diabetes are still considered to be at high risk. Previous research suggests that physicians' focus on strict glycemic control and negative outcomes can result in fear and uncertainty about undertaking pregnancy. The present study was designed to gain insight into the lived pregnancy experiences of women with type-1 diabetes and to solicit their thoughts on what health care providers could do to assist them to have a healthy pregnancy. Ten U.S. women with type-1 diabetes who were currently pregnant and/or had previously given birth participated in structured interviews...
December 5, 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917211/community-reintegration-and-related-factors-in-a-nigerian-stroke-sample
#2
Christopher Akosile, Chioma Nworah, Emmanuel Okoye, Babatunde Adegoke, Joseph Umunnah, Ayodeji Fabunmi
BACKGROUND: The goal of stroke rehabilitation has shifted from mere survival of a victim to how well a survivor can be effectively reintegrated back into the community. OBJECTIVES: The present study determined the level of satisfaction with community reintegration (CR) and related factors among Nigerian community-dwelling stroke survivors (CDSS). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 71 volunteering CDSS (35 males, 36 females) from selected South-Eastern Nigerian communities...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903941/prep-t1-preteen-re-education-with-parents-type-1-diabetes-feasibility-intervention-results
#3
Susan Sullivan-Bolyai, Sybil Crawford, Kim Johnson, Neesha Ramchandani, Diane Quinn, Bianca D'Alesandro, Kailyn Stern, Terry Lipman, Gail Melkus, Randi Streisand
There has been a 2% to 3% increase in Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children below 11 years old. Preteens (9-12 years old) with T1D are often overlooked regarding future diabetes self-management (DSM) expectations because parents are still in the "driver's seat." The study purpose was to explore feasibility/ability to recruit and conduct a two-arm trial on reeducation, collaboration, and social support. One component of DSM was reviewed (hypoglycemia) with preteens (n = 22) and parents (n = 22). The experimental preteens discussed hypoglycemia management with a teen mentor and nurse educator using a human patient simulator for practice, and working collaboratively with parents...
November 2016: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887750/chronic-kidney-disease
#4
REVIEW
Angela C Webster, Evi V Nagler, Rachael L Morton, Philip Masson
The definition and classification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) have evolved over time, but current international guidelines define this condition as decreased kidney function shown by glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of less than 60 mL/min per 1·73 m(2), or markers of kidney damage, or both, of at least 3 months duration, regardless of the underlying cause. Diabetes and hypertension are the main causes of CKD in all high-income and middle-income countries, and also in many low-income countries. Incidence, prevalence, and progression of CKD also vary within countries by ethnicity and social determinants of health, possibly through epigenetic influence...
November 22, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884930/diet-modification-challenges-faced-by-marginalized-and-nonmarginalized-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#5
REVIEW
Meredith Vanstone, Alex Rewegan, Francesca Brundisini, Mita Giacomini, Sujane Kandasamy, Deirdre DeJean
OBJECTIVES: Diet modification is an important part of the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes, but sustained dietary change remains elusive for many individuals. This paper describes and interprets the barriers to diet modification from the perspective of people with type 2 diabetes, paying particular attention to the experiences of people who experience social marginalization. METHODS: A systematic review of primary, empirical qualitative research was performed, capturing 120 relevant studies published between 2002 and 2015...
November 24, 2016: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872390/classifying-diabetes-burden-a-factor-analysis-of-the-problem-areas-in-diabetes-scale
#6
Colleen E Martin, Brenna N Renn, Kate E Winderman, Natalie Hundt, Nancy J Petersen, Aanand D Naik, Jeffrey A Cully
This study sought to identify salient factors associated with the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale to facilitate improved assessment and treatment of diabetes-related burden. Exploratory factor analysis assessed the factor structure of the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale among 224 Veterans with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes and depressive symptoms. A four-factor solution of emotional, diabetes management, treatment, and social support burden subscales was extracted. These factors represent clinically relevant components of diabetes burden that include but go beyond symptoms of depression...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864988/time-to-question-diabetes-self-management-support-for-arabic-speaking-migrants-exploring-a-new-model-of-care
#7
H Alzubaidi, K McNamara, C Browning
AIM: The objective of this study was to explore a new model for diabetes self-management support in Arabic-speaking migrants. METHODS: Two qualitative methods were used: face-to-face semi-structured individual interviews and focus groups. Interviews were audio-taped, transcribed verbatim and coded thematically. Arabic-speaking migrants with Type 2 diabetes were recruited from several primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare settings in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia...
November 16, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863589/limb-loss-the-unspoken-psychological-aspect
#8
Jasmiry Bennett
In the United States, health care providers have diagnosed 29.1 million people with diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes is the main reason for limb loss. This review addresses the lack of psychological support after limb loss. Few scholarly sources analyze the psychological aspects of limb loss before and after amputation. These sources report that patients do not have a clear understanding of their disease process and that patients often report a lack of empathy and communication from health care providers. There is no standardization of postoperative care instructions causing great confusion and increasing anxiety for both the patient and the caregivers...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862194/associations-of-changes-in-psychosocial-factors-and-their-interactions-with-diabetes-distress-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Ruey-Hsia Wang, Hui-Chun Hsu, Chia-Chan Kao, Yung-Mei Yang, Yau-Jiunn Lee, Shyi-Jang Shin
AIM: To assess the associations of changes in self-management behaviours, diabetes self-efficacy, resilience, social support, patient empowerment and their interactions with changes in diabetes distress in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. BACKGROUND: Many patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus experience diabetes distress. Few longitudinal studies have investigated the associations of changes in various psychosocial factors with changes in diabetes distress in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844326/integrated-social-and-neurocognitive-model-of-physical-activity-behavior-in-older-adults-with-metabolic-disease
#10
Erin A Olson, Sean P Mullen, Lauren B Raine, Arthur F Kramer, Charles H Hillman, Edward McAuley
BACKGROUND: Despite the proven benefits of physical activity to treat and prevent metabolic diseases, such as diabetes (T2D) and metabolic syndrome (MetS), most individuals with metabolic disease do not meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. PA is a complex behavior requiring substantial motivational and cognitive resources. The purpose of this study was to examine social cognitive and neuropsychological determinants of PA behavior in older adults with T2D and MetS. The hypothesized model theorized that baseline self-regulatory strategy use and cognitive function would indirectly influence PA through self-efficacy...
November 14, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834240/preventable-death-rates-fell-where-communities-expanded-population-health-activities-through-multisector-networks
#11
Glen P Mays, Cezar B Mamaril, Lava R Timsina
The US health system faces mounting pressure to improve population health. Research suggests a need for greater coordination and alignment across the sectors that deliver medical, public health, and social services. This study uses sixteen years of data from a large cohort of US communities to measure the extent and nature of multisector contributions to population health activities and how these contributions affect community mortality rates. The results show that deaths due to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and influenza decline significantly over time among communities that expand multisector networks supporting population health activities...
November 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830512/the-validation-of-a-computer-adaptive-test-cat-for-assessing-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-in-a-clinical-sample-study-design-methods-and-first-results-of-the-kids-cat-study
#12
D Barthel, C Otto, S Nolte, A-K Meyrose, F Fischer, J Devine, O Walter, A Mierke, K I Fischer, U Thyen, M Klein, T Ankermann, M Rose, U Ravens-Sieberer
PURPOSE: Recently, we developed a computer-adaptive test (CAT) for assessing health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children and adolescents: the Kids-CAT. It measures five generic HRQoL dimensions. The aims of this article were (1) to present the study design and (2) to investigate its psychometric properties in a clinical setting. METHODS: The Kids-CAT study is a longitudinal prospective study with eight measurements over one year at two University Medical Centers in Germany...
November 9, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824747/social-contributors-to-glycemic-control-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Laura C Colicchia, Kristiina Parviainen, Judy C Chang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of social factors with glycemic control in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A survey instrument assessing social support, access to healthy food, cooking and meal preparation, chaotic lifestyle, employer support, and physical and emotional responses to food was developed and administered to women with GDM at maternal-fetal medicine office visits. Validated scales were used to measure social support and life chaos (defined as organization, instability, and the ability to plan and prepare for the future)...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816422/is-sleep-education-an-effective-tool-for-sleep-improvement-and-minimizing-metabolic-disturbance-and-obesity-in-adolescents
#14
REVIEW
Teresa Arora, Shahrad Taheri
The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased significantly in recent years. Obesity is associated with a range of adverse physiological, psychological and social outcomes and places a huge economical burden on healthcare systems around the world. Insufficient sleep duration is common in adolescents and exacerbated by contemporary lifestyles, but may be a contributor to obesity onset and metabolic disruption. We briefly review the current evidence surrounding the associations between sleep and obesity as well as diabetes...
August 30, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799751/predictors-of-quality-of-life-among-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-upon-discharge
#15
Nuruljannah Johari, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Norhayati Ibrahim, Suzana Shahar, Norlaila Mustafa
PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus is prevalent among older adults, and affects their quality of life. Furthermore, the number is growing as the elderly population increases. Thus, this study aims to explore the predictors of quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus upon discharge in Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 110 hospitalized geriatric patients aged 60 years and older were selected using convenience sampling method in a cross-sectional study...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798709/association-between-social-network-characteristics-and-lifestyle-behaviours-in-adults-at-risk-of-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease
#16
Sandra D Bot, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Giel Nijpels, Jeroen Lakerveld
OBJECTIVES: In this exploratory study we examined the associations between several social network characteristics and lifestyle behaviours in adults at increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. In addition, we explored whether similarities in lifestyle between individuals and their network members, or the level of social support perceived by these individuals, could explain these associations. METHODS: From the control group of the Hoorn Prevention Study, participants with high and low educational attainment were approached for a structured interview between April and August 2010...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793065/success-rates-in-a-diabetes-specialist-nurse-led-education-programme-re-setting-the-glucostat
#17
A H Heald, S G Anderson, A Khan, J Stocker, S Davies, K Bliss, M Livingston, P Donnelly
Background: Analysis of National Diabetes Audit data from 2011-2012 of newly diagnosed people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) found low initial success rates in much of the UK at 20% on initial training, while an unusually high success rate of 75% achieving target HbA1C<58 mmol/mol (< 7.5%) was found in Cheshire (England average=40.8%). We present a review of the approach taken by the Cheshire Diabetes team in the 12 months following diagnosis. Methods: Between 2012 and 2013, 15 consecutive newly diagnosed people with type 1 DM were followed up for 18 months...
October 28, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783734/network-and-social-support-in-family-care-of-children-with-diabetes
#18
Viviane Peixoto Dos Santos Pennafort, Maria Veraci Oliveira Queiroz, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento, Maria Vilani Cavalcante Guedes
Objective: to understand the influence of network and social support in the care of a child with type 1 diabetes. Method: qualitative study, with assumptions of ethnonursing, conducted in a reference service specialized in the treatment of diabetes, in 2014, in the city of Fortaleza, state of Ceará, Brazil. Twenty-six members of the family and their respective school children participated in the study. The process of collection and analysis followed the observation-participation-reflection model...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773911/predictors-of-depression-in-patients-diagnosed-with-myocardial-infarction-after-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-literature-review
#19
Mana Doi-Kanno, Hiroki Fukahori
AIM: This study identified the factors associated with depression in patients diagnosed with myocardial infarction (MI) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We searched the literature using PubMed and CINAHL from their inception in 1946 to December 2014. The search terms were "myocardial infarction," "depression," and "percutaneous coronary intervention." Studies which investigated factors associated with depression in patients diagnosed with MI who underwent typical medical procedures were searched...
2016: Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763843/black-white-health-inequalities-in-canada-at-the-intersection-of-gender-and-immigration
#20
Andrew C Patterson, Gerry Veenstra
OBJECTIVES: Intersectionality theory proposes that each combination of social categories derived from gender, race and nationality, such as immigrant White man or native-born Black woman, is associated with unique social experiences. We tested the potential of intersectionality theory for explicating racial inequalities in Canada by investigating whether Black-White health inequalities are conditioned by gender and immigrant status in a synergistic way. METHODS: Our dataset comprised 10 cycles (2001-2013) of the Canadian Community Health Survey...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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