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Social support and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319923/attitudes-towards-mental-health-mental-health-research-and-digital-interventions-by-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-qualitative-analysis
#1
Janine Clarke, Judy Proudfoot, Veronica Vatiliotis, Charles Verge, Deborah J Holmes-Walker, Lesley Campbell, Kay Wilhelm, Catherine Moravac, Pillaveetil S Indu, Madeleine Bridgett
BACKGROUND: Young people with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of mental disorders. Whereas treatment need is high, difficulty recruiting young people with type 1 diabetes into psychosocial studies complicates development, testing and dissemination of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: Interviews with young adults with type 1 diabetes were conducted to examine attitudes towards mental health and mental health research, including barriers and motivators to participation in mental health studies and preferred sources of mental health support...
January 10, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314447/prognostic-value-of-psychosocial-factors-for-first-and-recurrent-hospitalizations-and-mortality-in-heart-failure-patients-insights-from-the-opera-hf-study
#2
Ioanna Sokoreli, Steffen C Pauws, Ewout W Steyerberg, Gert-Jan de Vries, Jarno M Riistama, Aleksandra Tesanovic, Syed Kazmi, Pierpaolo Pellicori, John G Cleland, Andrew L Clark
AIMS: Psychosocial factors are rarely collected in studies investigating the prognosis of patients with heart failure (HF), and only time to first event is commonly reported. We investigated the prognostic value of psychosocial factors for predicting first or recurrent events after discharge following hospitalization for HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: OPERA-HF is an observational study enrolling patients hospitalized for HF. In addition to clinical variables, psychosocial variables are recorded...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310448/motivations-for-participation-in-an-online-social-media-community-for-diabetes
#3
Katherine White, Achamyeleh Gebremariam, Dana Lewis, Weston Nordgren, James Wedding, Josh Pasek, Ashley Garrity, Emily Hirschfeld, Joyce M Lee
BACKGROUND: Our objectives were to describe individuals' motivations for participation in an online social media community and to assess their level of trust in medical information provided by medical professionals and community members. METHODS: A purposive survey was delivered to participants recruited through posts on the CGM in the Cloud group, Twitter, and blogs. Individuals were asked a series of demographic and social media use questions. RESULTS: A total of 1268 members of the CGM in the Cloud community responded to the survey...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308705/predictors-of-empowerment-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Hamdiye Arda Sürücü, Dilek Büyükkaya Besen
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic, progressive disease that has reached pandemic proportions. In Turkey, the frequency of diabetes in individuals aged 20 years or older has been reported to be 13.7% compared with the worldwide prevalence of 8.5%. Empowerment has been correlated with improvement in diabetic self-management capabilities and glycemic control. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of "empowerment" in individuals with type 2 diabetes from Turkey. METHOD: This was a secondary analysis with a cross-sectional correlation design using stepwise linear regression to evaluate previously collected data from 220 type 2 diabetic individuals in Turkey from January through July 2014...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302534/exercise-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-facilitators-and-barriers-a-qualitative-study
#5
T S Advika, Jyothi Idiculla, S Jaya Kumari
Introduction: Diabetes is a major noncommunicable disease affecting more than 65 million Indians. Although treatment algorithms suggest lifestyle measures (diet and exercise) along with medications data regarding adherence to exercise as well as facilitators and barriers to the practice of physical activity in such patients are limited. Hence, this qualitative study was conducted. Objectives: The objective of this study is to describe the factors which (1) Facilitated and (2) hindered the practice of regular exercise in patients with Type 2 diabetes...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300770/oxytocin-is-lower-in-african-american-men-with-diabetes-and-associates-with-psycho-social-and-metabolic-health-factors
#6
Yuval Eisenberg, Lara R Dugas, Arfana Akbar, Bharathi Reddivari, Brian T Layden, Elena Barengolts
OBJECTIVE: Recently, it has been suggested that oxytocin (OT) has a role in metabolism and neuropsychiatry health and disease, and therefore, it may represent a potential therapeutic target. The current study aimed to investigate relationships between OT and glycemic status along with psycho-social and behavioral factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 92 obese or overweight, African American, male subjects were enrolled in the study. Biometric and biochemical data were collected including oral glucose tolerance testing and urinary OT (measured by ELISA)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289592/attitudes-barriers-and-enablers-to-physical-activity-in-pregnant-women-a-systematic-review
#7
Anne L Harrison, Nicholas F Taylor, Nora Shields, Helena C Frawley
QUESTION: What are the attitudes, barriers and enablers to physical activity perceived by pregnant women? DESIGN: In a systematic literature review, eight electronic databases were searched: AMED, CINAHL, Embase, Joanna Briggs Institute, Medline, PsycInfo, SPORTDiscus (from database inception until June 2016) and PubMed (from 2011 until June 2016). Quantitative data expressed as proportions were meta-analysed. Data collected using Likert scales were synthesised descriptively...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273661/design-and-rationale-of-the-cardiovascular-health-and-text-messaging-chat-study-and-the-chat-diabetes-mellitus-chat-dm-study-two-randomised-controlled-trials-of-text-messaging-to-improve-secondary-prevention-for-coronary-heart-disease-and-diabetes
#8
Xiqian Huo, Erica S Spatz, Qinglan Ding, Paul Horak, Xin Zheng, Claire Masters, Haibo Zhang, Melinda L Irwin, Xiaofang Yan, Wenchi Guan, Jing Li, Xi Li, John A Spertus, Frederick A Masoudi, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
INTRODUCTION: Mobile health interventions have the potential to promote risk factor management and lifestyle modification, and are a particularly attractive approach for scaling across healthcare systems with limited resources. We are conducting two randomised trials to evaluate the efficacy of text message-based health messages in improving secondary coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention among patients with or without diabetes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Cardiovascular Health And Text Messaging (CHAT) Study and the CHAT-Diabetes Mellitus (CHAT-DM) Study are multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled trials of text messaging versus standard treatment with 6 months of follow-up conducted in 37 hospitals throughout 17 provinces in China...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233014/family-perceptions-of-family-nursing-in-a-magnet-institution-during-acute-hospitalizations-of-older-adult-patients
#9
Kara Misto
Family involvement during hospitalizations of older adults with chronic illnesses may benefit both patients and family. However, there is a limited amount of research focused on families of older adults managing chronic illness. This study describes family member perceptions of the relationship between family and nurses when an older adult with diabetes is hospitalized in a Magnet institution. The Calgary Family Intervention Model guided the study. A family member of 60 older adult patients completed the Family Function, Family Health, and Social Support Instrument...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231752/differences-between-slovak-and-dutch-patients-scheduled-for-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-regarding-clinical-and-psychosocial-predictors-of-physical-and-mental-health-related-quality-of-life
#10
Noha El-Baz, Daniela Ondusova, Martin Studencan, Jaroslav Rosenberger, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Jitse P van Dijk, Berrie Middel
BACKGROUND: Differences in health-related quality of life in coronary artery disease patients and associated factors between patients of central and western European descent are rarely investigated. We aim to test differences between Dutch and Slovak health-related quality of life, whether nationality predicted health-related quality of life and if standardised beta weights of health-related quality of life determinants differ across countries. DESIGN: An observational multicentre study at university cardiac centres in the Netherlands and Slovakia...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228552/social-demographics-health-behaviors-and-telomere-length-in-the-mexican-american-mano-a-mano-cohort
#11
Hua Zhao, Lixia Han, David Chang, Yuanqing Ye, Jie Shen, Carrie R Daniel, Jian Gu, Wong-Ho Chow, Xifeng Wu
In the current study, we examined cross-sectional associations among social-demographics, lifestyle behaviors, and relative telomere length (RTL) in peripheral blood leukocytes, as well as longitudinal relationships among major chronic diseases, weight gain, and RTL, among 12,792 Mexican Americans aged 20 to 85 years in the Mano-A-Mano, the Mexican American Cohort. As expected, RTL was inversely correlated with age (ρ=-0.15, ρ<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, we found that RTL was positively correlated with levels of education (ρ=0...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227155/using-mobile-health-to-improve-social-support-for-low-income-latino-patients-with-diabetes-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-the-feasibility-trial-of-text-med%C3%A2-%C3%A2-fans
#12
Elizabeth Burner, Chun Nok Lam, Rebecca DeRoss, Marjorie Kagawa Singer, Michael Menchine, Sanjay Arora
BACKGROUND: Social support interventions can improve diabetes self-care, particularly for Latinos, but are time and resource intensive. Mobile health may overcome these barriers by engaging and training supporters remotely. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled feasibility trial of emergency department patients with diabetes to determine the feasibility of enrolling patients and supporters, acceptability of the intervention, and preliminary efficacy results to power a larger trial...
December 11, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225895/higher-health-literacy-is-associated-with-better-glycemic-control-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-cohort-study-among-1399-danes
#13
Kasper Olesen, Anne Louise F Reynheim, Lene Joensen, Martin Ridderstråle, Lars Kayser, Helle T Maindal, Richard H Osborne, Timothy Skinner, Ingrid Willaing
Aim: Self-management of diabetes is influenced by a range of factors including the ability to access, understand, appraise, and use of health information in everyday life, which can collectively be called health literacy. We investigated associations between nine domains of health literacy and HbA1c level in people with type 1 diabetes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1399 people with type 1 diabetes attending a Danish specialist diabetes clinic...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221543/community-health-workers-in-diabetes-prevention-and-management-in-developing-countries
#14
REVIEW
Halimatou Alaofè, Ibitola Asaolu, Jennifer Ehiri, Hayley Moretz, Chisom Asuzu, Mobolanle Balogun, Olayinka Abosede, John Ehiri
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence regarding the effect of community health worker (CHW) interventions for prevention and management of the burgeoning epidemic of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The objective of this review was to critically appraise evidence regarding the effectiveness of CHW interventions for prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in LMICs. METHODS: To identify studies that reported the effect of CHW interventions for prevention and management of T2DM in LMICs, Medline/PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science (Science and Social Science Citation Indices), EBSCO (PsycINFO and CINAHL), POPLINE, the Cochrane Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group's Specialized Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Grey literature (Google, Google Scholar), and reference lists of identified articles were searched from inception to May 31, 2017...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218959/self-efficacy-depression-and-self-care-activities-of-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-turkey
#15
Sultan Kav, Arzu Akman Yilmaz, Yasemin Bulut, Nevin Dogan
Background: Self-efficacy related to self-care behaviors in people with type 2 diabetes has been well reported. However no work has been reported in Turkey that uses reliable instruments to examine the relationships among self-care activities, depression and self-efficacy. Aim: This study aims to investigate self-care activities, depression and self-efficacy among people with type 2 diabetes in Turkey. Methods: The sample included 200 patients with type 2 diabetes from an endocrinology outpatient clinic at a university hospital...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214834/source-and-size-of-social-support-network-on-sedentary-behavior-among-older-adults
#16
Paul D Loprinzi, Elizabeth A Crush
PURPOSE: To examine the association of source of social support and size of social support network on sedentary behavior among older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: 2519 older adults (60+ years). MEASURES: Sedentary behavior was assessed via accelerometry over a 7-day period. Social support was assessed via self-report...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214241/text-messaging-may-engage-and-benefit-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-regardless-of-health-literacy-status
#17
Erin M Bergner, Lyndsay A Nelson, Russell L Rothman, Lindsay Mayberry
Background: Technology-delivered interventions have the potential to improve diabetes self-care and glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, patients who do not engage with interventions may not reap benefits, and there is little evidence on how engagement with mobile health interventions varies by health literacy status. Objective: This study explored how patients with limited health literacy engaged with and experienced Rapid Education/Encouragement and Communications for Health (REACH), a text messaging intervention designed to support the self-care adherence of disadvantaged patients with T2D...
October 2017: Health Literacy Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211039/association-of-social-support-and-medication-adherence-in-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Linni Gu, Shaomin Wu, Shuliang Zhao, Huixuan Zhou, Shengfa Zhang, Min Gao, Zhiyong Qu, Weijun Zhang, Donghua Tian
The prevalence of diabetes is steadily increasing in China. When diabetes is uncontrolled, it generates dire consequences for health and well-being. Numerous studies have shown that health outcomes were associated with social support and medication adherence. Previous study confirmed that social support was associated with medication adherence in patients with heart failure, HIV diseases, and first-episode psychosis. However, the relationship between social support and medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is remains unclear...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210134/socio-economic-status-and-physicians-treatment-decisions
#19
Kurt R Brekke, Tor Helge Holmås, Karin Monstad, Odd Rune Straume
This paper studies the relationship between patients' socio-economic status and general practitioners' (GPs') service provision by exploiting administrative patient-level data with information on consultation length, medical tests, and fee payments for each visit in Norway over a 5-year period (2008-2012). To reduce patient heterogeneity, we limit the sample to a given condition, diabetes type II, that is treated almost exclusively in primary care. We estimate GP fixed-effect models and control for a wide set of patient characteristics...
December 6, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202779/correlates-of-poor-mental-health-in-early-pregnancy-in-obese-european-women
#20
Matteo C Sattler, Judith G M Jelsma, Annick Bogaerts, David Simmons, Gernot Desoye, Rosa Corcoy, Juan M Adelantado, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Jürgen Harreiter, Frans A van Assche, Roland Devlieger, Goele Jans, Sander Galjaard, David Hill, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Ewa Wender-Ozegowska, Agnieszka Zawiejska, Kinga Blumska, Annunziata Lapolla, Maria G Dalfrà, Alessandra Bertolotto, Fidelma Dunne, Dorte M Jensen, Lise Lotte T Andersen, Frank J Snoek, Mireille N M van Poppel
BACKGROUND: Depression during pregnancy is associated with higher maternal morbidity and mortality, and subsequent possible adverse effects on the cognitive, emotional and behavioral development of the child. The aim of the study was to identify maternal characteristics associated with poor mental health, in a group of overweight/obese pregnant women in nine European countries, and thus, to contribute to better recognition and intervention for maternal depression. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational study, baseline data from early pregnancy (< 20 weeks) of the DALI (Vitamin D and Lifestyle Intervention for gestational diabetes mellitus prevention) study were analyzed...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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