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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334488/severe-intraocular-pressure-elevation-after-intracameral-healon-5-viscoelastic-support-for-post-operative-hypotony-after-xen-gel-stent-insertion
#1
Alice Bruynseels, Freda Sii, Imran Masood, Peter Shah
PURPOSE: To describe (i) a novel case of severe intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation due to intracameral Healon 5 for management of early post-operative hypotony following XEN Gel Stent insertion and (ii) the management of this complication. METHODS: A case report. RESULTS: A 52-year-old male, with primary open angle glaucoma and suboptimal left IOP control on maximally tolerated medical therapy, was managed with XEN Gel Stent insertion at another tertiary eye unit...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332746/is-pilates-an-effective-rehabilitation-tool-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Keira Byrnes, Ping-Jung Wu, Stephney Whillier
BACKGROUND: Pilates is a system of exercise focusing upon controlled movement, stretching and breathing. Pilates is popular today not only for physical fitness but also for rehabilitation programs. This paper is a review of the literature on the effectiveness of Pilates as a rehabilitation tool in a wide range of conditions in an adult population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was carried out according to the PRISMA guidelines. Electronic databases were searched for cohort studies or randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332239/which-parameters-are-relevant-in-sagittal-balance-analysis-of-the-cervical-spine-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Fong Poh Ling, T Chevillotte, A Leglise, W Thompson, C Bouthors, Jean-Charles Le Huec
INTRODUCTION: Cervical spine is part of the spine with the most mobility in the sagittal plane. It is important for surgeons to have reliable, simple and reproducible parameters to analyse the cervical. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This study is a systematic review and a critique of current parameters to help improve the study of cervical spinal balance. We conducted a systematic search of PUBMED/MEDLINE for literature published since January 2014. Only studies written in English and containing abstracts were considered for inclusion...
January 13, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332171/long-term-patient-related-outcome-measures-of-septoplasty-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Chi Lap Nicholas Tsang, Theresa Nguyen, Torunn Sivesind, Anders Cervin
PURPOSE: Septoplasty is a common rhinological procedure intended to relieve symptoms of chronic nasal obstruction. However, there remains a question as to whether patients obtain symptom improvement and are satisfied with surgical outcomes in the months and years after septoplasty. This review aims to evaluate the long-term efficacy of functional septoplasty for nasal septal deviation. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted from November 2014 to March 2016 using the Cochrane, EMBASE, and PubMed databases...
January 13, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325184/-distal-humerus-fracture-in-the-elderly
#5
Johannes E Plath, Stefan Förch, Thomas Haufe, Edgar Johann Mayr
Distal humerus fractures show increasing incidence with age. Due to preexisting osteoporosis, the surgeon is regularly confronted with complex comminuted intraarticular fractures. The maintenance of autonomy in daily life and avoidance of permanent care dependency is a dogma in the care of geriatric patients. Accordingly, a stable post-operative situation that allows early functional post-operative treatment is mandatory, especially in the elderly patient. Open reduction and stable internal fixation using double plate osteosynthesis are the current osteosynthetic standard of treatment...
January 11, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322299/serum-parathyroid-hormone-and-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-before-and-after-biliopancreatic-diversion
#6
Vanessa Tardio, Jean-Philippe Blais, Anne-Sophie Julien, Pierre Douville, Stefane Lebel, Laurent Biertho, Simon Marceau, Frédéric-Simon Hould, Claudia Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) decreases vitamin D and calcium absorption, which may result in secondary hyperparathyroidism. This study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and secondary hyperparathyroidism before and after BPD-DS. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who had undergone BPD-DS at a tertiary bariatric center between 2003 and 2010 and for whom simultaneous measurements of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone were available within 5 years post-op was performed...
January 10, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317988/endothelin-1-activation-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-surgical-coarctation-of-the-aorta-repair
#7
Benjamin Steven Frank, Tracy T Urban, Suhong Tong, Courtney Cassidy, Max B Mitchell, Christopher S Nichols, Jesse A Davidson
AIM: To determine endothelin-1 (ET-1) concentration before and after surgical coarctectomy and evaluate its association with left ventricular geometric change. METHODS: A prospective, cohort study of 24 patients aged 2 d to 10 years with coarctation of the aorta undergoing surgical repair. A sub-cohort of patients with age < 1 mo was classified as "neonates". Echocardiograms were performed just prior to surgery and in the immediate post-op period to assess left ventricle mass index and relative wall thickness (RWT)...
December 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317698/occlusal-disharmony-induced-stress-causes-osteopenia-of-the-lumbar-vertebrae-and-long-bones-in-mice
#8
Yasuhiro Shimizu, Masud Khan, Genki Kato, Kazuhiro Aoki, Takashi Ono
Excessive exposure to glucocorticoids causes osteoporosis in children and adults. Occlusal disharmony is known to induce an increase in serum corticosteroid levels in murine models, but the influence of occlusal disharmony-induced stress on the bone mass during the growth period has not yet been clarified. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether occlusal disharmony-induced stress decreases bone mass. Five-week-old C57BL/6J male mice were used. A 0.5-mm increase in the vertical height of occlusion was used to induce occlusal disharmony for a period of 7 days...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316182/lateral-bone-augmentation-in-narrow-posterior-mandibles-description-of-a-novel-approach-and-analysis-of-results
#9
Ilan Beitlitum, Alon Sebaoun, Carlos E Nemcovsky, Shimshon Slutzkey
BACKGROUND: Combination of particulate grafts and collagen membranes is widely used for augmentation of bony defects for implant placement. Fixation of the barrier membrane may avoid complications due to unfavorable mechanical properties and poor stability leading to collapse of the augmented area. PURPOSE: To evaluate a new simplified method for resorbable collagen membrane fixation in lateral bone augmentation procedures in narrow posterior mandibles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed 16 procedures performed in 15 patients who followed lateral ridge augmentation procedures before implant placement in the posterior mandible...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314261/future-osteoporotic-fracture-risk-related-to-lumbar-vertebral-trabecular-attenuation-measured-at-routine-body-ct
#10
Scott J Lee, Peter M Graffy, Ryan D Zea, Timothy J Ziemlewicz, Perry J Pickhardt
We sought to determine if vertebral trabecular attenuation values measured on routine body CT scans obtained for a variety of unrelated indications can predict future osteoporotic fractures at multiple skeletal sites. For this HIPAA-compliant and IRB-approved retrospective cohort study, trabecular attenuation of the first lumbar vertebra was measured in 1966 consecutive older adults who underwent chest and/or abdominal CT at a single institution over the course of one year. New pathologic fragility fractures that occurred after a patient's CT study date were identified through an electronic health record database query using ICD-9 codes for vertebral, hip, and extremity fractures...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310418/improvements-in-osteoporosis-testing-and-care-are-found-following-the-wide-scale-implementation-of-the-ontario-fracture-clinic-screening-program-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#11
Dorcas E Beaton, Muhammad Mamdani, Hong Zheng, Susan Jaglal, Suzanne M Cadarette, Earl R Bogoch, Joanna E M Sale, Rebeka Sujic, Ravi Jain
We evaluated a system-wide impact of a health intervention to improve treatment of osteoporosis after a fragility fracture. The intervention consisted of assigning a screening coordinator to selected fracture clinics to identify, educate, and follow up with fragility fracture patients and inform their physicians of the need to evaluate bone health. Thirty-seven hospitals in the province of Ontario (Canada) were assigned a screening coordinator. Twenty-three similar hospitals were control sites. All hospitals had orthopedic services and handled moderate-to-higher volumes of fracture patients...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308969/social-cognitive-or-learning-theory-use-to-improve-self-efficacy-in-musculoskeletal-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Cameron Ghazi, John Nyland, Rumeal Whaley, Thomas Rogers, Jeff Wera, Cameron Henzman
OBJECTIVE: To review the rehabilitation research methodological quality and intervention effectiveness of studies that used social cognitive or learning theory principles to improve self-efficacy in patients with orthopedic or musculoskeletal conditions. DESIGN: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis of peer reviewed studies published in English was performed using the OVID and SPORTDiscus databases. Initial search terms were "social cognitive theory" or "social learning theory" combined with "rehabilitation"...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308913/l1-vertebral-density-on-ct-is-too-variable-with-different-scanning-protocols-to-be-a-useful-screening-tool-for-osteoporosis-in-everyday-practice
#13
Emma-Louise Gerety, Philip Wp Bearcroft
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a single L1 density threshold can be used to screen all patients undergoing CT at a busy tertiary referral centre for those at risk of osteoporosis. METHODS: 200 patients, previously randomly selected for an audit of CT reporting of incidental vertebral fractures, had their L1 density measured on 864 routine CT examinations. These had been performed with a variety of kVp and iv contrast protocols, reflecting the wide range of imaging indications...
January 8, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306031/simultaneous-detection-of-dual-biomarkers-from-humans-exposed-to-organophosphorus-pesticides-by-combination-of-immunochromatographic-test-strip-and-ellman-assay
#14
Mingming Yang, Yuting Zhao, Limin Wang, Michael Paulsen, Christopher D Simpson, Fengquan Liu, Dan Du, Yuehe Lin
A novel sandwich immunoassay based immunochromatographic test strip (ICTS) has been developed for simultaneously measuring both butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity and the total amount of BChE (including inhibited and active enzyme) from 70 μLpost-exposure human plasma sample. The principle of this method is based on the BChE monoclonal antibody (MAb) capable of acting as both capture antibody and detection antibody. The BChE MAb which was immobilized on the test line was able to recognize both organophosphorus BChE adducts (OP-BChE) and BChE and provided equal binding affinity, permitting detection of the total enzyme amount in post-exposure human plasma samples...
December 21, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300889/evaluating-quality-standards-adherence-in-surgical-care-a-case-study-from-pakistan
#15
Iram Fatima, Ayesha Humayun, Muhammad Imran Anwar, Muhammad Shafiq
Objective: To explore the extent of adherence to surgical quality standards and areas of improvement. Design: Multi-method case study was done. Assessment of observed/actual and self-reported adherence to quality standards in surgical care was done on WHO's safe-surgery checklist. Client satisfaction through exit interviews assessed of all operated during 1 month. Semi-structured interviews of key informants were conducted to identify areas of improvements in surgical care in this hospital...
December 27, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297722/physical-activity-and-advanced-cancer-the-views-of-chartered-physiotherapists-in-ireland
#16
Gráinne Sheill, Emer Guinan, Linda O Neill, David Hevey, Juliette Hussey
OBJECTIVES: To investigate Irish chartered physiotherapists' views on physical activity for patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: A mixed methods study design was used. Eligibility criteria included Irish physiotherapists treating patients with advanced cancer. An online survey instrument was created, which included: (1) A quantitative section that explored physiotherapists' views on the role of physical activity for patients with advanced cancer; and (2) A qualitative section that explored physiotherapists' prescription of physical activity for two patient case studies...
January 3, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286508/tissue-breathing-and-topology-of-rats-thymocytes-surface-under-acute-total-%C3%AE-irradiation
#17
I A Nikitina, A I Gritsuk
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the effect of single total γ irradiation to the parameters of mitochondrial oxidation and the topology of the thymocyte surface. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed in sexually mature white outbreeding male rats divided into three groups: two experimental and one control. The states of energy metabolism were determined by the rate of oxygen consumption by the thymus tissues on endogenous substrates at the presence of 2,4 dinitrophenol, uncoupler of a tissue breathing (TB) and oxidative phosphorylation (OP) after a single total γ irradiation at a dose of 1...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285627/fracture-liaison-services-for-osteoporosis-in-the-asia-pacific-region-current-unmet-needs-and-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Y -F Chang, C -F Huang, J -S Hwang, J -F Kuo, K -M Lin, H -C Huang, S Bagga, A Kumar, F -P Chen, C -H Wu
The analysis aimed to identify the treatment gaps in current fracture liaison services (FLS) and to provide recommendations for best practice establishment of future FLS across the Asia-Pacific region. The findings emphasize the unmet need for the implementation of new programs and provide recommendations for the refinement of existing ones. The study's objectives were to evaluate fracture liaison service (FLS) programs in the Asia-Pacific region and provide recommendations for establishment of future FLS programs...
December 28, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285549/geography-of-fracture-incidence-in-postmenopausal-women-with-osteoporosis-treated-with-abaloparatide
#19
Michael R McClung, Gregory C Williams, Gary Hattersley, Lorraine A Fitzpatrick, Yamei Wang, Paul D Miller
Geographic heterogeneity has been observed in fracture risk and efficacy of therapeutic intervention in postmenopausal osteoporosis. The objectives of these analyses were to assess across geographic and ethnic subgroups the heterogeneity of fracture incidence and baseline risk, and consistency of effect of abaloparatide-SC vs placebo on fracture risk reduction in the 18-month, phase 3, multinational, ACTIVE randomized controlled trial. Prespecified exploratory analyses of geographic subgroups (North America, South America, Europe, Asia) and post hoc analyses of ethnic subgroups (Hispanic or Latino, other) of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis enrolled in the abaloparatide-SC and placebo cohorts (n = 1645) were performed...
December 28, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284856/proseal-laryngeal-mask-airway-versus-cuffed-endotracheal-tube-for-laparoscopic-surgical-procedures-under-general-anesthesia-a-random-comparative-study
#20
Suchita Shailesh Parikh, Shivam Bipin Parekh, Chaula Doshi, Varsha Vyas
Context: The Proseal LMA(PLMA), which has been designed especially for positive pressure ventilation and protection against aspiration can act as an alternative to Endotracheal Tube (ETT) as an effective airway device for patients undergoing elective Laparoscopic surgeries. Aims: To compare the efficacy and safety of PLMA with ETT in patients undergoing Laparoscopic surgeries under general anaesthesia. Settings and Design: A prospective, randomized study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital with 60 patients of ASA grade I/II undergoing elective Laparoscopic surgery under general anaesthesia...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
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