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Lunia Sofia Lima Azevedo, Lucas Gaspar Ribeiro, André Schmidt, Antônio Pazin Filho
We sought to evaluate the impact of Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) training in the professional career and work environment of physicians who took the course in a single center certified by the American Heart Association (AHA). Of the 4631 students (since 1999 to 2009), 2776 were located, 657 letters were returned, with 388 excluded from the analysis for being returned lacking addressees. The final study population was composed of 269 participants allocated in 3 groups (< 3 years, 3-5 and > 5years)...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Mark H Wimmer, Kenneth Heffner, Michael Smithers, Richard Culley, Jennifer Coyner, Michael Loughren, Don Johnson
INTRODUCTION: The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends intravenous (IV) or intraosseous (IO) vasopressin in Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS). Obtaining IV access in hypovolemic cardiac arrest patients can be difficult, and IO access is often obtained in these life threatening situations. No studies have been conducted to determine the effects of humeral IO (HIO) access with vasopressin in the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Our study compared the kinetics of vasopressin and ROSC with HIO with IV access in the hypovolemic swine model...
2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Samuel DeMaria, Eric R Silverman, Kyle A B Lapidus, Christian H Williams, John Spivack, Adam Levine, Andrew Goldberg
INTRODUCTION: There is considerable controversy as to whether the simulator should die during high-fidelity simulation (HFS). We sought to describe the physiologic and biochemical stress response induced by simulated patient death as well as the impact on long-term retention of Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support (ACLS) knowledge and skills. METHODS: Twenty-six subjects received an American Heart Association (AHA) ACLS provider course. Following the course, subjects participated in HFS and were randomized to simulated death or survival...
July 2016: Medical Teacher
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Nursing
Karen Jean Craig-Brangan, Mary Patricia Day
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Nursing
Cheryl K Roth, Sheryl Parfitt, Melanie Brewer
OBJECTIVE: To study the effectiveness of an obstetrics-based advanced cardiac life support education (ACLS OB) program with pre- and postcourse maternal mock code drills and surveys evaluating satisfaction and self-confidence in abilities of labor and delivery (L&D) nurses to perform ACLS algorithms. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental pretest/posttest study. SETTING: Obstetric units in a community hospital system. PARTICIPANTS: Labor and delivery nurses (N = 96)...
July 2015: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Matthew D McEvoy, Jeremy C Smalley, Paul J Nietert, Larry C Field, Cory M Furse, John W Blenko, Benjamin G Cobb, Jenna L Walters, Allen Pendarvis, Nishita S Dalal, John J Schaefer
INTRODUCTION: Defining valid, reliable, defensible, and generalizable standards for the evaluation of learner performance is a key issue in assessing both baseline competence and mastery in medical education. However, before setting these standards of performance, the reliability of the scores yielding from a grading tool must be assessed. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of scores generated from a set of grading checklists used by nonexpert raters during simulations of American Heart Association (AHA) Megacodes...
August 2012: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Aashish Didwania, William C McGaghie, Elaine R Cohen, John Butter, Jeffrey H Barsuk, Leonard D Wade, Rozanna Chester, Diane B Wayne
BACKGROUND: Internal medicine (IM) residents who undergo simulation-based advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) training are significantly more likely to manage actual events according to American Heart Association (AHA) standards than nontrained residents. How long ACLS skills are retained is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study of ACLS responses from January to June 2008 and reviewed medical records to assess adherence to AHA standards...
June 2011: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Kanwalpreet Sodhi, Manender Kumar Singla, Anupam Shrivastava
BACKGROUND: Guidelines on performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have been published from time to time, and formal training programs are conducted based on these guidelines. Very few data are available in world literature highlighting the impact of these trainings on CPR outcome. AIM: The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of the American Heart Association (AHA)-certified basic life support (BLS) and advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) provider course on the outcomes of CPR in our hospital...
October 2011: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Tress Goodwin, B Elizabeth Delasobera, Matthew Strehlow, Jolyn Camacho, Mary Koskovich, Peter D'Souza, Gregory Gilbert, S V Mahadevan
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association (AHA) Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support (ACLS) course is taught worldwide. The ACLS course is designed for consistency, regardless of location; to our knowledge, no previous study has compared the cognitive performance of international ACLS students to those in the United States (US). STUDY OBJECTIVES: As international health educational initiatives continue to expand, an assessment of their efficacy is essential. This study assesses the AHA ACLS curriculum in an international setting by comparing performance of a cohort of US and Indian paramedic students...
August 2012: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ioannis Pantazopoulos, Afrodite Aggelina, Dimitrios Barouxis, Panagiotis Papapanagiotou, Georgios Troupis, Evangellos Kotsiomitis, Theano Demestiha, Theodoros Xanthos
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to determine cardiologists' theoretic knowledge of the 2005 American Heart Association (AHA) resuscitation guidelines. METHODS: The questionnaire consisted of demographic questions, resuscitation experience questions, a question regarding confidence in resuscitation skills, and 20 theoretic knowledge questions. RESULTS: For the theoretic knowledge questions, the participants' overall mean score was 9.9 ± 4...
July 2011: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
Roger E Alexander
Approximately every 5 years, American Heart Association (AHA) experts review emerging scientific evidence and recent clinical experiences and update the AHA guidelines for basic and advanced life support procedures for in-hospital and out-of-hospital victims of life-threatening cardiac events. This article summarizes many of the 2010 changes in those guidelines as they apply to dental healthcare providers (HCP). More detailed information will be available in the near future as these guidelines are fully implemented and instructional materials are released by the AHA...
March 2011: Texas Dental Journal
Tanner Boyd, William Brady
In October of 2010, the American Heart Association (AHA) published the 2010 Guidelines on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. These guidelines place significant emphasis on 5 major areas of therapy in patient with cardiac arrest, including immediate recognition and activation of the emergency response team, effective chest compressions, rapid defibrillation, effective advanced life support (ALS), and integrated postresuscitation care. "Effective ALS" includes the placement of an advanced airway, establishment of parenteral access, and the administration of cardioactive medications...
June 2012: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Becky Spencer, Jisha Chacko, Donna Sallee
The American Heart Association (AHA) has a strong commitment to implementing scientific research-based interventions for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. This article presents the 2010 AHA major guideline changes to pediatric basic life support (BLS) and pediatric advanced life support (PALS) and the rationale for the changes. The following topics are covered in this article: (1) current understanding of cardiac arrest in the pediatric population, (2) major changes in pediatric BLS, and (3) major changes in PALS...
June 2011: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
Ichiro Kaneko
In cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation (CPCR), advanced cardiovascular life support(ACLS) is a part of "chain of survival" and effects on resuscitation outcome as the interventions which increase the likehood of ROSC and as the continuing step to the post -cardiac arrest care. In order to build effective ACLS intervention, quality of basic life support is essential throughout the resuscitation effort. Based on quality CPR, ACLS providers should optimize the outcome by the integrated strategy that is consist of appropriate "drug therapy", qualified"advanced airway management", and accurate "physiologic monitoring"...
April 2011: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
David L Rodgers, Samuel Securro, Rudy D Pauley
INTRODUCTION: The use of high-fidelity simulation has been studied in many healthcare education areas. However, the use of this instructional technology in the American Heart Association (AHA) Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support (ACLS) course has not been extensively reported, despite this program being one of the most widely taught standardized medical courses in the United States. METHODS: This study examined high-fidelity versus low-fidelity simulation in the context of an AHA ACLS course to determine subjects' educational outcomes as judged by expert raters reviewing videos of subjects performing a simulated cardiac arrest event immediately after the conclusion of the course...
2009: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Susan D Birkhoff, Carol Donner
In today's tertiary pediatric hospital setting, the increased complexity of patient care demands seamless coordination and collaboration among multidisciplinary team members. In an effort to enhance patient safety, clinical competence, and teamwork, simulation-based learning has become increasingly integrated into pediatric clinical practice as an innovative educational strategy. The simulated setting provides a risk-free environment where learners can incorporate cognitive, psychomotor, and affective skill acquisition without fear of harming patients...
September 2010: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Maya S Suresh, Chawla LaToya Mason, Uma Munnur
Cardiopulmonary arrest occurs in 1: 30 000 pregnancies. Although rare, optimal outcomes are dependent on the cause of the arrest, the rapid response team's understanding of the physiological effects of pregnancy on the resuscitative efforts and application of the latest principles of advanced cardiac life support (ACLS). Anaesthesia-related complications, secondary to difficult or failed intubation, and inability to oxygenate and ventilate can result in adverse outcomes for mother and baby. Experience in advanced airway management has been shown to decrease the incidence of brain death and maternal mortality...
June 2010: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Comilla Sasson, Jane Forman, David Krass, Michelle Macy, A J Hegg, Bryan F McNally, Arthur L Kellermann
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association's (AHA's) Advanced Cardiac Life Support guidelines act as the national standards for termination of resuscitation (TOR) in cases of refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, local emergency medical services (EMS) implementation of these guidelines has been nonuniform. OBJECTIVE: To identify the operational issues within local EMS systems that may serve as barriers or facilitators to full acceptance of national guidelines for prehospital TOR in appropriate circumstances...
April 2010: Prehospital Emergency Care
David L Rodgers, Farhan Bhanji, Barbara R McKee
OBJECTIVE: Both a written cognitive knowledge evaluation and a practical evaluation that tests psychomotor skills, cognitive knowledge, and affective behaviors such as leadership and team skills are required for successful completion of American Heart Association (AHA) Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support (ACLS) course. The 2005 International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) Consensus on Science and Treatment Recommendations noted that in Basic Life Support (BLS) there is little to no correlation between written and practical skills...
April 2010: Resuscitation
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