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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822869/a-review-of-terrorism-and-its-reduction-of-the-gender-ratio-at-birth-after-seasonal-adjustment
#1
Victor Grech, Dorota Zammit
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females, a ratio expressed as M/T (males:total births). The ratio exhibits seasonal variation. Furthermore, acute stressful events may result in a transient dip in male births due to excess foetal losses, reducing M/T. AIMS: This study was carried out in order to identify significant M/T dips after adjusting for seasonality. STUDY DESIGN: Live births by gender and month were sought for acute stressful events...
August 17, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822217/using-a-novel-technology-for-disaster-staff-notification
#2
Stephen C Morris, Janice K Pelley, Steven H Mitchell
Notification of backup staff and determining their ability to augment frontline staff is a major component of any disaster plan. However, the communication and organization of this effort has many challenges. These include communication system overload, the disaster setting, disrupted transportation, and staffing impacts on normal operations. An optimal disaster notification system must have the ability to be modified to include all hazards and the unique environment in which the plan is being made. This article highlights a unique disaster staff notification system using a novel technology, an outside administrator, and a multilayer system of redundant communication...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822216/women-s-status-in-disasters-a-gap-between-experts-desk-and-affected-fields-of-iran
#3
Sanaz Sohrabizadeh
Although international agreements have achieved significant milestones in the improvement of women's status, experiences from the fields show a discrepancy between words and actions. The aim of this brief communication was to identify the gap between experts' perceptions and the findings of a large qualitative field survey on women's status in the recent natural disasters of Iran. A total of 10 experts were asked to fill a checklist, which consisted of the concepts extracted from field data. The range of agreement between experts' perceptions and field data was between 40 and 100 percent...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822215/family-emergency-plan-and-preparedness-among-medical-practitioners-in-zaria-nigeria
#4
Jerry Godfrey Makama, Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Elizabeth Jerry Makama
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the incidence of disasters in many parts of the world. Similarly, Nigeria has witnessed a recent increase of man-made disaster events such as plane crash, fire incidents, flood, and building collapse, including bomb blast orchestrated by terrorists that often create emergency situations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate family emergency plan and preparedness among medical practitioners in Zaria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study (May-July, 2013) of medical practitioners in Zaria, Nigeria...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822213/liberia-national-disaster-preparedness-coordination-exercise-implementing-lessons-learned-from-the-west-african-disaster-preparedness-initiative
#5
Melinda J Morton Hamer, Paul L Reed, Jane D Greulich, Charles W Beadling
OBJECTIVE: In light of the recent Ebola outbreak, there is a critical need for effective disaster management systems in Liberia and other West African nations. To this end, the West Africa Disaster Preparedness Initiative held a disaster management exercise in conjunction with the Liberian national government on November 24-25, 2015. DESIGN: During this tabletop exercise (TTX), interactions within and between the 15 counties and the Liberian national government were conducted and observed to refine and validate the county and national standard operating procedures (SOPs)...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822211/healthcare-students-interprofessional-critical-event-disaster-response-course
#6
Tae Eung Kim, Tamara Shankel, Ellen T Reibling, Jacqueline Paik, Dolores Wright, Michelle Buckman, Kathi Wild, Ehren Ngo, Alireza Hayatshahi, Lee H Nguyen, T Kent Denmark, Tamara L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Numerous disasters confirm the need for critical event training in healthcare professions. However, no single discipline works in isolation and interprofessional learning is recognized as a necessary component. An interprofessional faculty group designed a learning curriculum crossing professional schools. DESIGN: Faculty members from four healthcare schools within the university (nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and medicine) developed an interdisciplinary course merging both published cross-cutting competencies for critical event response and interprofessional education competencies...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822210/evaluation-of-the-association-between-disaster-training-and-confidence-in-disaster-response-among-graduate-medical-trainees-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Andrew Grock, Adam R Aluisio, Elizabeth Abram, Patricia Roblin, Bonnie Arquilla
OBJECTIVE: Disasters by definition overwhelm the resources of a hospital and may require a response from a range of practitioners. Disaster training is part of emergency medicine (EM) resident curricula, but less emphasized in other training programs. This study aimed to compare disaster educational training and confidence levels among resident trainees from multiple specialties. DESIGN: A structured questionnaire assessed graduate medical training in disaster education and self-perceived confidence in disaster situations...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820226/women-s-status-in-disasters-a-gap-between-experts-desk-and-affected-fields-of-iran
#8
Sanaz Sohrabizadeh
Although international agreements have achieved significant milestones in the improvement of women's status, experiences from the fields show a discrepancy between words and actions. The aim of this brief communication was to identify the gap between experts' perceptions and the findings of a large qualitative field survey on women's status in the recent natural disasters of Iran. A total of 10 experts were asked to fill a checklist, which consisted of the concepts extracted from field data. The range of agreement between experts' perceptions and field data was between 40 and 100 percent...
March 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818310/fracture-analysis-of-tube-boiler-for-physical-explosion-accident
#9
Eui Soo Kim
Material and failure analysis techniques are key tools for determining causation in case of explosive and bursting accident result from material and process defect of product in the field of forensic science. The boiler rupture generated by defect of the welding division, corrosion, overheating and degradation of the material have devastating power. If weak division of boiler burner is fractured by internal pressure, saturated vapor and water is vaporized suddenly. At that time, volume of the saturated vapor and water increases up to thousands of volume...
August 3, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817953/the-evidence-base-for-interventions-targeting-individuals-with-work-related-ptsd-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#10
Iris Torchalla, Verena Strehlau
The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence base for interventions targeting individuals with work-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to make recommendations for clinicians and administrative decision makers involved in their rehabilitation, and to guide future research in this area. Particular attention was given to studies that were conducted in naturalistic clinical settings or in a workers' compensation claim context. Electronic searches of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, PILOTS, and EMBASE identified 11 articles...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816633/restoration-and-loss-after-disaster-applying-the-dual-process-model-of-coping-in-bereavement
#11
Ruth McManus, Tony Walter, Leon Claridge
The article asks whether disasters that destroy life but leave the material infrastructure relatively intact tend to prompt communal coping focussing on loss, while disasters that destroy significant material infrastructure tend to prompt coping through restoration / re-building. After comparing memorials to New Zealand's Christchurch earthquake and Pike River mine disasters, we outline circumstances in which collective restorative endeavour may be grassroots, organised from above, or manipulated, along with limits to effective restoration...
August 17, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816261/us-biomedical-research-facilities-unprepared-for-attacks-and-natural-disasters
#12
Sara Reardon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815092/zinc-chloride-smoke-inhalation-induced-severe-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-first-survival-in-the-united-states-with-extended-duration-five-weeks-therapy-with-high-dose-corticosteroids-in-combination-with-lung-protective-ventilation
#13
Hafiz Mahboob, Robert Richeson Iii, Robert McCain
Zinc chloride smoke bomb exposure is frequently seen in military drills, combat exercises, metal industry works, and disaster simulations. Smoke exposure presents with variety of pulmonary damage based on the intensity of the exposure. Smoke induced severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is often fatal and there are no standard treatment guidelines. We report the first survival of smoke induced severe ARDS in the United States (US) with prolonged use of high dose steroids (five weeks) and lung protective ventilation alone...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812842/governance-and-capacity-to-manage-resilience-of-health-systems-towards-a-new-conceptual-framework
#14
Karl Blanchet, Sara L Nam, Ben Ramalingam, Francisco Pozo-Martin
The term resilience has dominated the discourse among health systems researchers since 2014 and the onset of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. There is wide consensus that the global community has to help build more resilient health systems. But do we really know what resilience means, and do we all have the same vision of resilience? The present paper presents a new conceptual framework on governance of resilience based on systems thinking and complexity theories. In this paper, we see resilience of a health system as its capacity to absorb, adapt and transform when exposed to a shock such as a pandemic, natural disaster or armed conflict and still retain the same control over its structure and functions...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812737/human-exposure-and-sensitivity-to-globally-extreme-wildfire-events
#15
David M J S Bowman, Grant J Williamson, John T Abatzoglou, Crystal A Kolden, Mark A Cochrane, Alistair M S Smith
Extreme wildfires have substantial economic, social and environmental impacts, but there is uncertainty whether such events are inevitable features of the Earth's fire ecology or a legacy of poor management and planning. We identify 478 extreme wildfire events defined as the daily clusters of fire radiative power from MODIS, within a global 10 × 10 km lattice, between 2002 and 2013, which exceeded the 99.997th percentile of over 23 million cases of the ΣFRP 100 km(-2) in the MODIS record. These events are globally distributed across all flammable biomes, and are strongly associated with extreme fire weather conditions...
February 6, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811855/impact-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident-on-assisted-reproductive-technology-in-fukushima-prefecture-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#16
Masako Hayashi, Keiya Fujimori, Seiji Yasumura, Akihito Nakai
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidences and obstetric outcomes of women who conceived using assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures in Fukushima Prefecture before and after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Fukushima nuclear power plant accident. METHODS: Information was collected and analyzed from 12,070 women who conceived with or without ART in Fukushima Prefecture during the 9 months before and after the disaster. RESULTS: During the 9 months before and after the disaster, 138 (2...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810984/impact-of-a-7-day-field-training-on-oral-health-condition-in-japan-ground-self-defense-force-personnel
#17
Koji Yamashita, Takeshi Nishiyama, Emi Nagata, Atik Ramadhani, Miki Kawada-Matsuo, Hitoshi Komatsuzawa, Takahiko Oho
INTRODUCTION: In the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF), personnel periodically perform intensive training that mimics the conditions seen in battle and during natural disasters. Military training involves intensive, stressful conditions, and changes in immune responses have been found in personnel following training. Good oral condition is important for military personnel to fulfill their duties; however, they have difficulty performing daily oral care under training conditions...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810500/anxiety-effects-on-disaster-precautionary-behaviors-a-multi-path-cognitive-model
#18
Philip W Wirtz, Cynthia A Rohrbeck, Katherine M Burns
Previous studies have revealed a negative relationship between anxiety and health-promoting behavior. This study identified three cognitive pathways through which anxiety operates on preparedness behaviors for terrorist attacks. Preparedness was regressed on trait anxiety, perceived threat, and self-efficacy based on data from 306 adults. Mediating paths through perceived threat (positive) and self-efficacy (negative) and an independent negative path were identified. Results suggest that the anxiety/precautionary behavior relationship is more complex than previously thought, involving multiple pathways of competing directionality...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810161/ethical-considerations-for-forensic-scientists-participating-in-humanitarian-action-a-personal-reflection
#19
Jørgen L Thomsen
Humanitarian Forensic Action is aimed at relieving suffering by comforting and informing the relatives of disaster victims. It is not a priority to report human rights abuses to the authorities. It is thereby different from forensic human rights work with an inquisitive way of demonstrating culpability. The following tasks are relevant. The forensic scientist as an interviewer of the next of kin and witnesses. Emphasizing independency in armed conflicts. Assisting in man-made and natural disasters Assisting in the prevention and of the spread of epidemics...
July 29, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809187/ict-design-for-collaborative-and-community-driven-disaster-management
#20
Craig E Kuziemsky
Information and communication technologies (ICT) have the potential to greatly enhance our ability to develop community reliance and sustainability to support disaster management. However, developing community resilience requires the sharing of numerous resources and the development of collaborative capacity, both of which make ICT design a challenge. This paper presents a framework that integrates community based participatory research (CBPR) and participatory design (PD). We discuss how the framework provides bounding to support community driven ICT design and evaluation...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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