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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346036/assessing-the-relationship-between-mental-distress-and-tobacco-use-in-post-katrina-and-rita-louisiana
#1
Snigdha Mukherjee, Melanie Canterberry, Jennifer B Yore, Edward Cannon Ledford, Thomas W Carton
BACKGROUND: The relationship between mental health status and smoking is complicated and often confounded by bi-directionality, yet most research on this relationship assumes exogeneity. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this article is to implement an instrumental variable approach to (1) test the exogeneity assumption and (2) report on the association between mental health status and smoking post-disaster. METHODS: This analysis utilizes the 2006 and 2007 Louisiana Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey to examine the link between mental distress and smoking in areas affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita...
March 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345752/recent-field-experiments-with-commercial-satellite-imagery-direct-downlink
#2
Anthony R Gonzalez, Samuel H Amber
US Pacific Command's strategy includes assistance to United States government relief agencies and nongovernment organizations during humanitarian aid and disaster relief operations in the Asia-Pacific region. Situational awareness during these operations is enhanced by broad interagency access to unclassified commercial satellite imagery. The Remote Ground Terminal-a mobile satellite downlink ground station-has undergone several technology demonstrations and participated in an overseas deployment exercise focused on a natural disaster scenario...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345749/the-use-of-social-media-for-campus-safety
#3
Brittany Haupt, Naim Kapucu, Jeffrey Morgan
As public safety communication evolved, each disaster or emergency presented unique challenges for emergency managers and others response to disasters. Yet, a foundational focus is the timely dissemination of accurate information to keep communities informed and able to prepare, mitigate, respond, and recover. For the campus community, the increase in bomb threats, active shooter incidents, and geographic-based natural disasters call for the discovery of reliable and cost-effective solutions for emergency information management...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345508/use-of-a-novel-portable-led-based-capillary-refill-time-simulator-within-a-disaster-triage-context
#4
Todd P Chang, Genevieve Santillanes, Ilene Claudius, Phung K Pham, James Koved, John Cheyne, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Amy H Kaji, Saranya Srinivasan, J Joelle Donofrio, Cynthia Bir
Introduction A simple, portable capillary refill time (CRT) simulator is not commercially available. This device would be useful in mass-casualty simulations with multiple volunteers or mannequins depicting a variety of clinical findings and CRTs. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a prototype CRT simulator in a disaster simulation context. METHODS: A CRT prototype simulator was developed by embedding a pressure-sensitive piezo crystal, and a single red light-emitting diode (LED) light was embedded, within a flesh-toned resin...
March 27, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345496/toward-a-better-nutritional-aiding-in-disasters-relying-on-lessons-learned-during-the-bam-earthquake
#5
Mahmoud Nekouie Moghadam, Mohammadreza Amiresmaieli, Mohammad Hassibi, Farideh Doostan, Sajad Khosravi
Introduction Examining various problems in the aftermath of disasters is very important to the disaster victims. Managing and coordinating food supply and its distribution among the victims is one of the most important problems after an earthquake. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to recognize problems and experiences in the field of nutritional aiding during an earthquake. METHODS: This qualitative study was of phenomenological type. Using the purposive sampling method, 10 people who had experienced nutritional aiding during the Bam Earthquake (Iran; 2003) were interviewed...
March 27, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343360/tsunami-run-up-and-inundation-along-the-coast-of-sabah-and-sarawak-malaysia-due-to-a-potential-brunei-submarine-mass-failure
#6
Wai Kiat Tan, Su Yean Teh, Hock Lye Koh
Submarine landslides, also known as submarine mass failures (SMFs), are major natural marine disasters that could critically damage coastal facilities such as nuclear power plants and oil and gas platforms. It is therefore essential to investigate submarine landslides for potential tsunami hazard assessment. Three-dimensional seismic data from offshore Brunei have revealed a giant seabed mass deposited by a previous SMF. The submarine mass extends over 120 km from the continental slope of the Baram Canyon at 200 m water depth to the deep basin floor of the Northwest Borneo Trough...
March 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343251/neurological-aspects-of-chemical-and-biological-terrorism-guidelines-for-neurologists
#7
REVIEW
Harald De Cauwer, Francis J M P Somville, Marieke Joillet
This statement paper deals with the key role an neurologist plays in the management of victims of chemical warfare/terrorist attacks. Because terrorist factions have expanded the war zone creating a worldwide risk of terrorist attacks, not only limited to some conflict zones in the Middle East, neurologists in all countries/regions have to be prepared for disaster response. The scope of this paper is to provide guidelines for the neurological management of victims of chemical and biological terrorist attacks...
March 25, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341697/risk-factors-for-persistence-of-lower-respiratory-symptoms-among-community-members-exposed-to-the-2001-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks
#8
Hannah T Jordan, Stephen M Friedman, Joan Reibman, Roberta M Goldring, Sara A Miller Archie, Felix Ortega, Howard Alper, Yongzhao Shao, Carey B Maslow, James E Cone, Mark R Farfel, Kenneth I Berger
OBJECTIVES: We studied the course of lower respiratory symptoms (LRS; cough, wheeze or dyspnoea) among community members exposed to the 9/11/2001 World Trade Center (WTC) attacks during a period of 12-13 years following the attacks, and evaluated risk factors for LRS persistence, including peripheral airway dysfunction and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Non-smoking adult participants in a case-control study of post-9/11-onset LRS (exam 1, 2008-2010) were recruited for follow-up (exam 2, 2013-2014)...
March 24, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341543/long-term-prognostic-impact-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-report-from-the-chart-2-study
#9
Satoshi Miyata, Yasuhiko Sakata, Masanobu Miura, Takeshi Yamauchi, Takeo Onose, Kanako Tsuji, Ruri Abe, Takuya Oikawa, Shintaro Kasahara, Masayuki Sato, Kotaro Nochioka, Takashi Shiroto, Jun Takahashi, Hiroaki Shimokawa
BACKGROUND: We and others have previously reported that the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) caused a significant but transient increase in cardiovascular diseases and deaths in the disaster area. However, it remains to be examined whether the GEJE had a long-term prognostic influence in large-scale cohort studies. This point is important when analyzing the data before and after the GEJE in the cohort studies in the disaster area. METHODS: We examined 8676 patients registered in our Chronic Heart Failure Analysis and Registry in the Tohoku District-2 (CHART-2) Study (N=10,219) between 2006 and 2010 and were alive after March 10, 2011...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341133/sperm-cryopreservation-in-the-spermcasting-australian-flat-oyster-ostrea-angasi-by-a-programmable-freezing-method
#10
Md Mahbubul Hassan, Xiaoxu Li, Yibing Liu, Jian G Qin
Cryopreservation offers long-term storage of gametes without constraint from seasonal gamete maturation, provides opportunities to improve the efficiency of breeding and genetic programs, and protects endangered species from extinction due to epidemic diseases and natural disasters. In this study, a protocol for cryopreserving sperm of the spermcasting Australian flat oyster Ostrea angasi was developed by optimizing key factors influencing the quality of cryopreserved sperm. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was non-toxic to sperm within the concentration and duration assessed in the toxicity experiment whereas 10% methanol or a higher concentration was toxic to sperm from the exposure duration of 30 min onwards...
March 21, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339717/death-of-the-sole-doctor-at-takano-hospital-6-years-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-crisis-who-is-responsible-for-health-care-delivery-in-the-fukushima-disaster-zone
#11
A Ozaki, Y Shimada, K Yamamoto, A Hori, T Sawano, T Morita, C Leppold, T Tanimoto, M Tsubokura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337952/prenatal-maternal-stress-shapes-children-s-theory-of-mind-the-qf2011-queensland-flood-study
#12
G Simcock, S Kildea, G Elgbeili, D P Laplante, V Cobham, S King
Research shows that stress in pregnancy has powerful and enduring effects on many facets of child development, including increases in behavior problems and neurodevelopmental disorders. Theory of mind is an important aspect of child development that is predictive of successful social functioning and is impaired in children with autism. A number of factors related to individual differences in theory of mind have been identified, but whether theory of mind development is shaped by prenatal events has not yet been examined...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336085/the-dual-effect-of-vegetation-green-up-date-and-strong-wind-on-the-return-period-of-spring-dust-storms
#13
Jieling Feng, Ning Li, Zhengtao Zhang, Xi Chen
Vegetation phenology changes have been widely applied in the disaster risk assessments of the spring dust storms, and vegetation green-up date shifts have a strong influence on dust storms. However, the effect of earlier vegetation green-up dates due to climate warming on the evaluation of dust storms return periods remains an important, but poorly understood issue. In this study, we evaluate the spring dust storm return period (February to June) in Inner Mongolia, Northern China, using 165 observations of severe spring dust storm events from 16 weather stations, and regional vegetation green-up dates as an integrated factor from NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index), covering a period from 1982 to 2007, by building the bivariate Copula model...
March 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334465/nurses-contribution-to-short-term-humanitarian-care-in-low-to-middle-income-countries-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Sonja Dawson, Doug Elliott, Debra Jackson
AIM: To appraise the literature related to voluntary humanitarian work provided by international nurses in low to middle income countries (LMICs). BACKGROUND: Nurses and other health professionals are engaged with both governmental and non-governmental organisations to provide care within international humanitarian relief and development contexts. Current literature describes accounts of charitable health professional activity within short-term health focused humanitarian trips; however, there is minimal research describing the care that nurses provide and the professional roles and tasks they fulfil whilst participating in international volunteer health care service...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333525/a-potential-psychological-mechanism-linking-disaster-related-prenatal-maternal-stress-with-child-cognitive-and-motor-development-at-16-months-the-qf2011-queensland-flood-study
#15
Katrina M Moss, Gabrielle Simcock, Vanessa Cobham, Sue Kildea, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Suzanne King
Fetal exposure to prenatal maternal stress can have lifelong consequences, with different types of maternal stress associated with different areas of child development. Fewer studies have focused on motor skills, even though they are strongly predictive of later development across a range of domains. Research on mechanisms of transmission has identified biological cascades of stress reactions, yet links between psychological stress reactions are rarely studied. This study investigates the relationship between different aspects of disaster-related prenatal maternal stress and child cognitive and motor development, and proposes a cascade of stress reactions as a potential mechanism of transmission...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330523/public-health-and-disasters-an-emerging-translational-and-implementation-science-not-lessons-learned
#16
Kristi L Koenig, Carl H Schultz, Miryha Gould Runnerstrom, Oladele A Ogunseitan
Disaster Medicine is a relatively new multidisciplinary field of science with clear public health implications as it focuses on improving outcomes for populations rather than for individual patients. As with any other scientific discipline, the goal of public health and disaster research is to create new knowledge and transfer evidence-based data to improve public health. The phrase "lessons learned" has crept into the disaster lexicon but must be permanently erased as it has no place in the scientific method...
March 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330514/zika-virus-related-photo-sharing-on-pinterest-and-instagram
#17
Isaac Chun-Hai Fung, Elizabeth B Blankenship, M Elizabeth Goff, Lindsay A Mullican, Kwun Cheung Chan, Nitin Saroha, Carmen H Duke, Marina E Eremeeva, King-Wa Fu, Zion Tsz Ho Tse
OBJECTIVE: Pinterest (San Francisco, CA) and Instagram (Menlo Park, CA) are 2 popular photo-sharing social media platforms among young individuals. We assessed differences between Instagram and Pinterest in relaying photographic information regarding Zika virus. Specifically, we investigated whether the percentage of Zika-virus-related photos with Spanish or Portuguese texts embedded therein was higher for Instagram than for Pinterest and whether the contents of Zika-virus-related photos shared on Pinterest were different from those shared on Instagram...
March 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330513/identifying-and-prioritizing-information-needs-and-research-priorities-of-public-health-emergency-preparedness-and-response-practitioners
#18
Alexa L Siegfried, Eric G Carbone, Michael B Meit, Mallory J Kennedy, Hussain Yusuf, Emily B Kahn
OBJECTIVE: This study describes findings from an assessment conducted to identify perceived knowledge gaps, information needs, and research priorities among state, territorial, and local public health preparedness directors and coordinators related to public health emergency preparedness and response (PHPR). The goal of the study was to gather information that would be useful for ensuring that future funding for research and evaluation targets areas most critical for advancing public health practice...
March 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330406/fukushima-disaster
#19
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330405/the-fukushima-nuclear-accident-affected-mothers-depression-but-not-maternal-confidence
#20
Aya Goto, Evelyn J Bromet, Misao Ota, Akira Ohtsuru, Seiji Yasumura, Keiya Fujimori
The Fukushima nuclear power plant accident caused widespread radiation contamination. Mothers of young children were at risk of negative emotional and mental health consequences. Using data from 2 independent prefecture-wide surveys of pregnant women, we examined the associations of disaster-related stressors with both maternal self-confidence and depressive symptoms. Two postal surveys were conducted targeting women who registered their pregnancies in Fukushima Prefecture (n = 6686 in 2012 and n = 6423 in 2013)...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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