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emotional eating loss of control

Monika M K Stojek, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Lauren B Shomaker, Nichole R Kelly, Katherine A Thompson, Rim D Mehari, Shannon E Marwitz, Andrew P Demidowich, Ovidiu A Galescu, Sheila M Brady, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent emotional-eating, referring to eating in response to negative affective states, is frequently reported by those with loss of control (LOC) eating. Although LOC eating has been shown to predict exacerbated disordered eating and excess weight/adiposity gain, the extent to which emotional-eating, either alone or in combination with LOC, predicts adverse outcomes has not been determined. Thus, we examined associations of baseline emotional-eating with changes in disordered eating, BMI, and adiposity over 1-year, and to what degree the presence or absence of baseline LOC moderated these associations...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Denise E Wilfley, Leslie Citrome, Barry K Herman
The objective of this review was to examine the evidentiary basis for binge eating disorder (BED) with reference to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fifth Edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria for BED. A PubMed search restricted to titles and abstracts of English-language reviews, meta-analyses, clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, journal articles, and letters using human participants was conducted on August 7, 2015, using keywords that included "binge eating disorder," DSM-5, DSM-IV, guilt, shame, embarrassment, quantity, psychological, behavior, and "shape and weight concerns...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Beverley Lim Høeg, Charlotte W Appel, Annika B von Heymann-Horan, Kirsten Frederiksen, Christoffer Johansen, Per Bøge, Annemarie Dencker, Atle Dyregrov, Birgit B Mathiesen, Pernille E Bidstrup
This study compares maladaptive coping, measured as substance use, behavioral disengagement, self-blame, and emotional eating, among adults (>18 years) who have experienced early parental loss (N = 1465 women,N = 331 men) with non-bereaved controls (N = 515 women,N = 115 men). We also compared bereaved adults who received grief counseling (N = 822 women,N = 190 men) with bereaved controls who had not (N = 233 women,N = 66 men). Bereaved adults reported significantly more substance use, behavioral disengagement, and emotional eating than non-bereaved adults...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Nichole R Kelly, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Anna Vannucci, Lisa M Ranzenhofer, Annie M Altschul, Natasha A Schvey, Lisa M Shank, Sheila M Brady, Ovidiu Galescu, Merel Kozlosky, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations among self-reported loss-of-control (LOC) eating, emotion dysregulation, body mass, and objective energy intake among youth. Emotion dysregulation may be 1 individual factor that promotes excess energy intake and increases in body mass among youth with LOC eating. METHOD: Children and adolescents (N = 230; 8 to 17 years) enrolled in a nonintervention study completed a structured interview to determine the presence or absence of self-reported LOC eating...
October 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Stephanie E Cassin, Susan Wnuk, Chau Du, Timothy Jackson, Raed Hawa, Sagar V Parikh
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a post-operative telephone-based cognitive behavioral therapy intervention (Tele-CBT) in improving eating pathology and psychosocial functioning. METHODS: Six-month post-operative bariatric surgery patients (n = 19) received six sessions of Tele-CBT. Study outcome variables included binge eating (BES), emotional eating (EES), depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), and anxiety symptoms (GAD-7)...
August 5, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha
Weight self-stigma is conceptualized as a multidimensional concept involving experiences of shame, self-devaluation and the perception of being discriminated against in social situations due to one's weight. It has been associated with experiential avoidance, unhealthy eating behaviors, binge eating and diminish quality-of-life (QoL). The current study aims to explore the mediation effect of weight-related experiential avoidance on the relationship between weight self-stigma and obesity-related QoL in women with and without binge eating (BE)...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
Suzanne E Mazzeo, Janet Lydecker, Megan Harney, Allison A Palmberg, Nichole R Kelly, Rachel W Gow, Melanie K Bean, Laura M Thornton, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Cynthia M Bulik, Yael Latzer, Marilyn Stern
INTRODUCTION: Binge and loss of control (LOC) eating are significant concerns among many adolescents and are associated with poor physical, social, and psychological functioning. Black girls appear to be particularly vulnerable to binge and LOC eating. Yet, empirically validated, culturally sensitive treatments for these disordered eating behaviors are not well established. This investigation examined satisfaction, feasibility, and preliminary outcomes of a binge eating intervention for ethnically diverse adolescent girls...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
Lien Goossens, Eva Van Malderen, Kim Van Durme, Caroline Braet
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in the use of emotion regulation strategies in adolescents with and without loss of control over eating (LOC). METHOD: A community-based sample of 524 adolescents from 12 to 18years old (70.6% girls; Mage=15.08; SD=1.59) reported on LOC and the use of several maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation strategies. RESULTS: Adolescents who experience LOC (28%) report more use of maladaptive strategies. With regard to adaptive strategies a significant group X gender interaction effect was found with girls who report LOC using less adaptive strategies...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
Margaret A Handley, Elizabeth Harleman, Enrique Gonzalez-Mendez, Naomi E Stotland, Priyanka Althavale, Lawrence Fisher, Diana Martinez, Jocelyn Ko, Isabel Sausjord, Christina Rios
BACKGROUND: One of the fastest growing risk groups for early onset of diabetes is women with a recent pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes, and for this group, Latinas are the largest at-risk group in the USA. Although evidence-based interventions, such as the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), which focuses on low-cost changes in eating, physical activity and weight management can lower diabetes risk and delay onset, these programs have yet to be tailored to postpartum Latina women...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
Michelle Spence, Violeta Stancu, Moira Dean, M Barbara E Livingstone, Eileen R Gibney, Liisa Lähteenmäki
The purpose of this study was to test a comprehensive model of meal portion size determinants consisting of sociodemographic, psychological and food-related variables, whilst controlling for hunger and thirst. Using cross-sectional nationally representative data collected in 2075 participants from the Island of Ireland (IoI) and Denmark (DK), eight separate hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between food-related variables and meal portion size (i.e. pizza, vegetable soup, chicken salad and a pork meal) within each country...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
Patricia A Sharpe, Kara Whitaker, Kassandra A Alia, Sara Wilcox, Brent Hutto
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether macro- and micro-nutrient intake, energy intake, diet quality, adherence to recommended dietary intake, and psychosocial and behavioral factors are associated with household food security. DESIGN: Baseline data from in-person interviews and telephone-based, 24-hour dietary recall from women recruited to a diet and physical activity controlled trial. SETTING: Neighborhoods encompassing 18 urban census tracts in South Carolina...
2016: Ethnicity & Disease
Evan M Forman, Jena A Shaw, Stephanie P Goldstein, Meghan L Butryn, Lindsay M Martin, Nachshon Meiran, Ross D Crosby, Stephanie M Manasse
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is largely attributable to excess caloric intake, in particular from "junk" foods, including salty snack foods. Evidence suggests that neurobiological preferences to consume highly hedonic foods translate (via implicit processes) into poor eating choices, unless overturned by inhibitory mechanisms or interrupted by explicit processes. The primary aim of the current study was to test the independent and combinatory effects of a computerized inhibitory control training (ICT) and a mindful decision-making training (MDT) designed to facilitate de-automatization...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
Katrin Elisabeth Giel, Armin Hartmann, Almut Zeeck, Anna Jux, Alexander Vuck, Petra C Guess Gierthmuehlen, Edda Wetzler-Burmeister, Angelika Sandholz, Goran Marjanovic, Andreas Joos
BACKGROUND: There is hardly any empirical evidence on emotion processing by controlled studies in obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants rated their emotions in response to visual emotional stimuli from the International Affective Picture System. Study 1 compared obese women with normal-weight controls and women with eating disorders. Study 2 compared obese men with normal-weight controls. RESULTS: Obese women had reduced emotional intensity scores for all basic emotions and the mixed emotion sadness-fear...
July 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Jason M Lavender, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp, Kate Keenan
The current study investigated concurrent and prospective associations between emotion-related constructs and loss of control (LOC) eating in adolescents. Community-based females (N = 588) completed annual self-report assessments of LOC eating, emotional awareness, emotion regulation strategies, and neuroticism from ages 16 to 18 years. Linear regressions and a regression-based multiple mediation model using bootstrapping were computed to examine the relationships among emotion-related constructs and LOC eating frequency...
April 4, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Megan L Gow, Louise A Baur, Mandy Ho, Kerryn Chisholm, Manny Noakes, Chris T Cowell, Sarah P Garnett
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions in adolescents with obesity can result in weight loss following active intervention but individual responses vary widely. This study aimed to identify predictors of weight loss at 12- and 24-months in adolescents with obesity and clinical features of insulin resistance. METHODS: Adolescents (n = 111, 66 girls, aged 10-17 years) were participants in a randomised controlled trial, the RESIST study, examining the effects of two diets differing in macronutrient content on insulin sensitivity...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Sarah E Racine, Shelby J Martin
Negative urgency (i.e., the tendency to act impulsively when experiencing negative emotions) is a well-established risk factor for dysregulated eating (e.g., binge eating, loss of control eating, emotional eating). However, negative urgency is transdiagnostic, in that it is associated with multiple forms of psychopathology. It is currently unclear why some individuals with high negative urgency develop dysregulated eating while others experience depressive symptoms or problematic alcohol use. Investigating disorder-specific moderators of the association between negative urgency and psychopathology may help elucidate these divergent trajectories...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
Luigi Mele, Pietro Paolo Vitiello, Virginia Tirino, Francesca Paino, Alfredo De Rosa, Davide Liccardo, Gianpaolo Papaccio, Vincenzo Desiderio
Craniofacial area represent a unique district of human body characterized by a very high complexity of tissues, innervation and vascularization, and being deputed to many fundamental function such as eating, speech, expression of emotions, delivery of sensations such as taste, sight, and earing. For this reasons, tissue loss in this area following trauma or for example oncologic resection, have a tremendous impact on patients' quality of life. In the last 20 years regenerative medicine has emerged as one of the most promising approach to solve problem related to trauma, tissue loss, organ failure etc...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Abby Braden, Shirley W Flatt, Kerri N Boutelle, David Strong, Nancy E Sherwood, Cheryl L Rock
To examine associations between decreased emotional eating and weight loss success; and whether participation in a behavioral weight loss intervention was associated with a greater reduction in emotional eating over time compared to usual care. Secondary data analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted at two university medical centers with 227 overweight adults with diabetes. Logistic and standard regression analyses examined associations between emotional eating change and weight loss success (i.e...
August 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Kerry S O'Brien, Janet D Latner, Rebecca M Puhl, Lenny R Vartanian, Claudia Giles, Konstadina Griva, Adrian Carter
Weight stigma is associated with a range of negative outcomes, including disordered eating, but the psychological mechanisms underlying these associations are not well understood. The present study tested whether the association between weight stigma experiences and disordered eating behaviors (emotional eating, uncontrolled eating, and loss-of-control eating) are mediated by weight bias internalization and psychological distress. Six-hundred and thirty-four undergraduate university students completed an online survey assessing weight stigma, weight bias internalization, psychological distress, disordered eating, along with demographic characteristics (i...
July 1, 2016: Appetite
Kyung E Rhee, Elissa Jelalian, Kerri Boutelle, Susan Dickstein, Ronald Seifer, Rena Wing
BACKGROUND: While authoritative parenting, which includes high levels of warmth and behavioral control, has been associated with lower risk of obesity, little is known about how general parenting impacts child weight loss during treatment. Our goal was to examine the relationship between several general parenting dimensions and 'decreasing /stable' child BMI during a 16-week family-based behavioral weight control program. METHODS: Forty-four overweight parent-child dyads (child age 8 to 12 years) enrolled in the program...
April 2016: Childhood Obesity
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