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emotional eating loss of control

Monika Bąk-Sosnowska
OBJECTIVES: To establish the differential criteria for Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Food Addiction (FA). METHODS: We performed a detailed analysis of comparative diagnostic criteria for BED and Substance use disorder contained in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-V. We applied the diagnostic criteria for both disorders to scientific publications on the issue of excessive eating in obese people, during the years 2005-2016, available on PubMed...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
Jillian B Carey, Karen K Saules, Meagan M Carr
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent overeating episodes, accompanied by loss of control (LOC), in the absence of compensatory behaviors. The literature supports that men overeat as often or more often than do women, but they are less likely to endorse LOC and other BED symptoms. Thus, rates of BED are lower among men. However, differences in prevalence rates may reflect gender bias in current conceptualizations of eating disorders and BED diagnostic criteria, not necessarily truly lower rates of disordered eating among men...
April 29, 2017: Appetite
Brigitte Leeners, Nori Geary, Philippe N Tobler, Lori Asarian
BACKGROUND: Obesity is caused by an imbalance between energy intake, i.e. eating and energy expenditure (EE). Severe obesity is more prevalent in women than men worldwide, and obesity pathophysiology and the resultant obesity-related disease risks differ in women and men. The underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Pre-clinical and clinical research indicate that ovarian hormones may play a major role. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: We systematically reviewed the clinical and pre-clinical literature on the effects of ovarian hormones on the physiology of adipose tissue (AT) and the regulation of AT mass by energy intake and EE...
May 1, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
Antonietta Canna, Anna Prinster, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Elena Cantone, Palmiero Monteleone, Umberto Volpe, Mario Maj, Francesco Di Salle, Fabrizio Esposito
The functional interplay between hemispheres is fundamental for behavioral, cognitive, and emotional control. Anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) have been largely studied with brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in relation to the functional mechanisms of high-level processing, but not in terms of possible inter-hemispheric functional connectivity anomalies. Using resting-state functional MRI (fMRI), voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) and regional inter-hemispheric spectral coherence (IHSC) were studied in 15 AN and 13 BN patients and 16 healthy controls (HC)...
May 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
Emily Levoy, Asimina Lazaridou, Judson Brewer, Carl Fulwiler
Emotional eating is an important predictor of weight loss and weight regain after weight loss. This two part study's primary aim was to explore changes in emotional eating in a general population of individuals taking the Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program, with a secondary aim to explore whether changes in mindfulness predicted changes in emotional eating. Self-reported survey data exploring these questions were collected before and after the intervention for two sequential studies (Study 1 and Study 2)...
February 1, 2017: Appetite
Lucie Gailledrat, Morgane Rousselet, Jean-Luc Venisse, Sylvain Lambert, Bruno Rocher, Manon Remaud, Alice Guilleux, Anne Sauvaget, Emeline Eyzop, Marie Grall-Bronnec
Concerns about body shape and weight are core diagnostic criteria for eating disorders although intensity varies between patients. Few studies have focused on the clinical differences relative to the intensity of these concerns. Nonetheless, they might have a prognostic value. This study was aimed at identifying the characteristics associated with marked body shape concerns in patients with an eating disorder. Data was collected from a systematic and standardized clinical assessment of outpatients seeking treatment in our department for eating disorders...
2016: PloS One
Monika M K Stojek, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Lauren B Shomaker, Nichole R Kelly, Katherine A Thompson, Rim D Mehari, Shannon E Marwitz, Andrew P Demidowich, Ovidiu A Galescu, Sheila M Brady, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent emotional-eating, referring to eating in response to negative affective states, is frequently reported by those with loss of control (LOC) eating. Although LOC eating has been shown to predict exacerbated disordered eating and excess weight/adiposity gain, the extent to which emotional-eating, either alone or in combination with LOC, predicts adverse outcomes has not been determined. Thus, we examined associations of baseline emotional-eating with changes in disordered eating, BMI, and adiposity over 1-year, and to what degree the presence or absence of baseline LOC moderated these associations...
May 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Denise E Wilfley, Leslie Citrome, Barry K Herman
The objective of this review was to examine the evidentiary basis for binge eating disorder (BED) with reference to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fifth Edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria for BED. A PubMed search restricted to titles and abstracts of English-language reviews, meta-analyses, clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, journal articles, and letters using human participants was conducted on August 7, 2015, using keywords that included "binge eating disorder," DSM-5, DSM-IV, guilt, shame, embarrassment, quantity, psychological, behavior, and "shape and weight concerns...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Beverley Lim Høeg, Charlotte W Appel, Annika B von Heymann-Horan, Kirsten Frederiksen, Christoffer Johansen, Per Bøge, Annemarie Dencker, Atle Dyregrov, Birgit B Mathiesen, Pernille E Bidstrup
This study compares maladaptive coping, measured as substance use, behavioral disengagement, self-blame, and emotional eating, among adults (>18 years) who have experienced early parental loss (N = 1465 women,N = 331 men) with non-bereaved controls (N = 515 women,N = 115 men). We also compared bereaved adults who received grief counseling (N = 822 women,N = 190 men) with bereaved controls who had not (N = 233 women,N = 66 men). Bereaved adults reported significantly more substance use, behavioral disengagement, and emotional eating than non-bereaved adults...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Nichole R Kelly, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Anna Vannucci, Lisa M Ranzenhofer, Annie M Altschul, Natasha A Schvey, Lisa M Shank, Sheila M Brady, Ovidiu Galescu, Merel Kozlosky, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations among self-reported loss-of-control (LOC) eating, emotion dysregulation, body mass, and objective energy intake among youth. Emotion dysregulation may be 1 individual factor that promotes excess energy intake and increases in body mass among youth with LOC eating. METHOD: Children and adolescents (N = 230; 8 to 17 years) enrolled in a nonintervention study completed a structured interview to determine the presence or absence of self-reported LOC eating...
October 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Stephanie E Cassin, Susan Wnuk, Chau Du, Timothy Jackson, Raed Hawa, Sagar V Parikh
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a post-operative telephone-based cognitive behavioral therapy intervention (Tele-CBT) in improving eating pathology and psychosocial functioning. METHODS: Six-month post-operative bariatric surgery patients (n = 19) received six sessions of Tele-CBT. Study outcome variables included binge eating (BES), emotional eating (EES), depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), and anxiety symptoms (GAD-7)...
March 2017: Obesity Surgery
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha
Weight self-stigma is conceptualized as a multidimensional concept involving experiences of shame, self-devaluation and the perception of being discriminated against in social situations due to one's weight. It has been associated with experiential avoidance, unhealthy eating behaviors, binge eating and diminish quality-of-life (QoL). The current study aims to explore the mediation effect of weight-related experiential avoidance on the relationship between weight self-stigma and obesity-related QoL in women with and without binge eating (BE)...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
Suzanne E Mazzeo, Janet Lydecker, Megan Harney, Allison A Palmberg, Nichole R Kelly, Rachel W Gow, Melanie K Bean, Laura M Thornton, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Cynthia M Bulik, Yael Latzer, Marilyn Stern
INTRODUCTION: Binge and loss of control (LOC) eating are significant concerns among many adolescents and are associated with poor physical, social, and psychological functioning. Black girls appear to be particularly vulnerable to binge and LOC eating. Yet, empirically validated, culturally sensitive treatments for these disordered eating behaviors are not well established. This investigation examined satisfaction, feasibility, and preliminary outcomes of a binge eating intervention for ethnically diverse adolescent girls...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
Lien Goossens, Eva Van Malderen, Kim Van Durme, Caroline Braet
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in the use of emotion regulation strategies in adolescents with and without loss of control over eating (LOC). METHOD: A community-based sample of 524 adolescents from 12 to 18years old (70.6% girls; Mage=15.08; SD=1.59) reported on LOC and the use of several maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation strategies. RESULTS: Adolescents who experience LOC (28%) report more use of maladaptive strategies. With regard to adaptive strategies a significant group X gender interaction effect was found with girls who report LOC using less adaptive strategies...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
Margaret A Handley, Elizabeth Harleman, Enrique Gonzalez-Mendez, Naomi E Stotland, Priyanka Althavale, Lawrence Fisher, Diana Martinez, Jocelyn Ko, Isabel Sausjord, Christina Rios
BACKGROUND: One of the fastest growing risk groups for early onset of diabetes is women with a recent pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes, and for this group, Latinas are the largest at-risk group in the USA. Although evidence-based interventions, such as the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), which focuses on low-cost changes in eating, physical activity and weight management can lower diabetes risk and delay onset, these programs have yet to be tailored to postpartum Latina women...
May 18, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Michelle Spence, Violeta Stancu, Moira Dean, M Barbara E Livingstone, Eileen R Gibney, Liisa Lähteenmäki
The purpose of this study was to test a comprehensive model of meal portion size determinants consisting of sociodemographic, psychological and food-related variables, whilst controlling for hunger and thirst. Using cross-sectional nationally representative data collected in 2075 participants from the Island of Ireland (IoI) and Denmark (DK), eight separate hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between food-related variables and meal portion size (i.e. pizza, vegetable soup, chicken salad and a pork meal) within each country...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
Patricia A Sharpe, Kara Whitaker, Kassandra A Alia, Sara Wilcox, Brent Hutto
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether macro- and micro-nutrient intake, energy intake, diet quality, adherence to recommended dietary intake, and psychosocial and behavioral factors are associated with household food security. DESIGN: Baseline data from in-person interviews and telephone-based, 24-hour dietary recall from women recruited to a diet and physical activity controlled trial. SETTING: Neighborhoods encompassing 18 urban census tracts in South Carolina...
April 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Disease
Evan M Forman, Jena A Shaw, Stephanie P Goldstein, Meghan L Butryn, Lindsay M Martin, Nachshon Meiran, Ross D Crosby, Stephanie M Manasse
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is largely attributable to excess caloric intake, in particular from "junk" foods, including salty snack foods. Evidence suggests that neurobiological preferences to consume highly hedonic foods translate (via implicit processes) into poor eating choices, unless overturned by inhibitory mechanisms or interrupted by explicit processes. The primary aim of the current study was to test the independent and combinatory effects of a computerized inhibitory control training (ICT) and a mindful decision-making training (MDT) designed to facilitate de-automatization...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
Katrin Elisabeth Giel, Armin Hartmann, Almut Zeeck, Anna Jux, Alexander Vuck, Petra C Guess Gierthmuehlen, Edda Wetzler-Burmeister, Angelika Sandholz, Goran Marjanovic, Andreas Joos
BACKGROUND: There is hardly any empirical evidence on emotion processing by controlled studies in obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants rated their emotions in response to visual emotional stimuli from the International Affective Picture System. Study 1 compared obese women with normal-weight controls and women with eating disorders. Study 2 compared obese men with normal-weight controls. RESULTS: Obese women had reduced emotional intensity scores for all basic emotions and the mixed emotion sadness-fear...
July 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Jason M Lavender, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp, Kate Keenan
The current study investigated concurrent and prospective associations between emotion-related constructs and loss of control (LOC) eating in adolescents. Community-based females (N = 588) completed annual self-report assessments of LOC eating, emotional awareness, emotion regulation strategies, and neuroticism from ages 16 to 18 years. Linear regressions and a regression-based multiple mediation model using bootstrapping were computed to examine the relationships among emotion-related constructs and LOC eating frequency...
January 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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