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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805749/food-addiction-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity-is-there-a-relationship
#1
Tracy Burrows, Janelle Skinner, Rebecca McKenna, Megan Rollo
Existing research suggests that there is an overlap between binge eating disorder (BED) and the construct of 'food addiction' (FA). The objective of this study was to determine the overlapping features of BED and FA through a comparison of the individual scales of commonly used tools including the Binge Eating Scale (BES) and the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) in a sample of Australian adults. Adults (>18 years of age) were invited to complete an anonymous online survey on FA. Binge eating was assessed through the BES and addictive eating behaviours were assessed through the YFAS (n = 1344)...
August 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778106/-treatment-of-eating-disorders-by-emotion-regulation
#2
Valerija Sipos, Ulrich Schweiger, Kamila Jauch-Chara, Eva Faßbinder
Patients with an eating disorder have difficulties perceiving emotions. They have skills deficits in the acceptance, modification and opposite action to emotion driven behavior. They use disturbed eating behavior (restrained eating, binge eating and purging), but also situational avoidance, dissociation and substance use as an instrument for emotional avoidance. This constitutes an innovative starting point for therapy.
August 4, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762842/molecular-bases-of-anorexia-nervosa-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-shedding-light-on-the-darkness
#3
Germán Cuesto, Claude Everaerts, Leticia G León, Angel Acebes
Eating-disorders (EDs) consequences to human health are devastating, involving social, mental, emotional, physical and life-threatening aspects, concluding on impairment and death in cases of extreme anorexia nervosa. It also implies that people suffering an ED need to find psychiatric and psychological help as soon as possible to achieve a fully physical and emotional recovery. Unfortunately, to date, there is a crucial lack of efficient clinical treatment to these disorders. In this review, we present an overview concerning the actual pharmacological and psychological treatments, the knowledge of cells, circuits, neuropeptides, neuromodulators and hormones in the human brain- and other organs- underlying these disorders, the studies in animal models and, finally, the genetic approaches devoted to face this challenge...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714097/a-randomized-comparative-pilot-trial-of-family-based-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-reducing-psychosocial-symptoms-disordered-eating-and-excess-weight-gain-in-at-risk-preadolescents-with-loss-of-control-eating
#4
Lauren B Shomaker, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Camden E Matherne, Rim D Mehari, Cara H Olsen, Shannon E Marwitz, Jennifer L Bakalar, Lisa M Ranzenhofer, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Natasha L Burke, Omni Cassidy, Sheila M Brady, Laura J Dietz, Denise E Wilfley, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Preadolescent loss-of-control-eating (LOC-eating) is a risk factor for excess weight gain and binge-eating-disorder. We evaluated feasibility and acceptability of a preventive family-based interpersonal psychotherapy (FB-IPT) program. FB-IPT was compared to family-based health education (FB-HE) to evaluate changes in children's psychosocial functioning, LOC-eating, and body mass. METHOD: A randomized, controlled pilot trial was conducted with 29 children, 8 to 13 years who had overweight/obesity and LOC-eating...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712432/alexithymia-in-eating-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-studies-using-the-toronto-alexithymia-scale
#5
REVIEW
Heather Westwood, Jess Kerr-Gaffney, Daniel Stahl, Kate Tchanturia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to synthesise the literature on the use of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS) in eating disorder populations and Healthy Controls (HCs) and to compare TAS scores in these groups. METHOD: Electronic databases were searched systematically for studies using the TAS and meta-analyses were performed to statistically compare scores on the TAS between individuals with eating disorders and HCs. RESULTS: Forty-eight studies using the TAS with both a clinical eating disorder group and HCs were identified...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711610/night-eating-among-veterans-with-obesity
#6
Lindsey M Dorflinger, Christopher B Ruser, Robin M Masheb
The obesity rate is higher among veterans than the general population, yet few studies have examined their eating behaviors, and none have examined the presence of night eating and related comorbidities. This study examines night eating syndrome (NES) among veterans seeking weight management treatment, and relationships between NES and weight, insomnia, disordered eating, and psychological variables. The sample consisted of 110 veterans referred to a weight management program at VA Connecticut Healthcare System...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710918/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-eating-disorders-an-update-on-the-field
#7
REVIEW
Alice Kesby, Sarah Maguire, Rachel Brownlow, Jessica R Grisham
Pathological fear and anxiety regarding food, eating, weight and body shape are at the core of eating disorder (ED) psychopathology. To manage anxiety, patients develop complicated repertoires of ritualistic and repetitive behaviours, which can lead to total functional impairment. Yet the cognitive processes underlying anxiety, fear, and anxiety-driven behaviours in EDs remain poorly understood. Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) is defined as a tendency to react negatively on an emotional, cognitive, and behavioural level to uncertain situations and events...
August 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709960/eating-behavior-style-predicts-craving-and-anxiety-experienced-in-food-related-virtual-environments-by-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-healthy-controls
#8
Marta Ferrer-Garcia, Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Antonios Dakanalis, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Giuseppe Riva, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Isabel Sánchez, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Neli Escandón-Nagel, Osane Gomez-Tricio, Virginia Tena, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado
Eating behavior style (emotional, restrictive, or external) has been proposed as an explanation for the differences in response to food-related cues between people who overeat and those who do not, and has been also considered a target for the treatment of eating disorders (EDs) characterized by lack of control over eating and weight-related (overweight/obesity) conditions. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between eating behavior style and psychophysiological responses (self-reported food craving and anxiety) to food-related virtual reality (VR) environments in outpatients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) and to compare them with healthy participants...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666657/body-esteem-as-a-common-factor-of-a-tendency-toward-binge-eating-and-sexual-dissatisfaction-among-women-the-role-of-dissociation-and-stress-response-during-sex
#9
Giovanni Castellini, Carolina Lo Sauro, Valdo Ricca, Alessandra H Rellini
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested a relevant overlap between eating disorders and sexual dysfunction involving the emotional component of body image esteem and dissociative experiences. AIM: To evaluate the common maintaining factors of sexual dysfunction and vulnerability to pathologic eating behaviors and their relation to a physiologic stress response. METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, we evaluated a non-clinical sample of 60 heterosexual women (25-35 years old) for dissociation during sex with a partner, body image disturbance, and tendency toward pathologic eating behaviors...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645751/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-german-version-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-in-a-community-sample
#10
Ulrike Alexandra Ruzanska, Petra Warschburger
Intuitive eating is based on a strong physical connection with the body, aligned to internal cues of hunger and satiety, and a low preoccupation with food. The aim of this study was to provide a German version of the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2) and to examine its psychometric properties with data collected from 532 participants aged 18-91 years. The IES-2 was translated into German following the World Health Organization guidelines (2016). Cronbach's alpha as a measure of internal consistency was 0.89 for the IES-2 total score, as well as 0...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612453/compassionate-attention-and-regulation-of-eating-behaviour-a-pilot-study-of-a-brief-low-intensity-intervention-for-binge-eating
#11
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia, R James Stubbs
A low-intensity 4-week intervention that included components of compassion, mindfulness, and acceptance was delivered to women diagnosed with binge eating disorder. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: intervention (n = 11) or waiting list control (n = 9). Participants in the intervention condition were invited to practise mindfulness, soothing rhythm breathing, and compassionate imagery practices with a focus on awareness and acceptance of emotional states and triggers to binge eating and engagement in helpful actions...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581535/differential-criteria-for-binge-eating-disorder-and-food-addiction-in-the-context-of-causes-and-treatment-of-obesity
#12
REVIEW
Monika Bąk-Sosnowska
OBJECTIVES: To establish the differential criteria for Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Food Addiction (FA). METHODS: We performed a detailed analysis of comparative diagnostic criteria for BED and Substance use disorder contained in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-V. We applied the diagnostic criteria for both disorders to scientific publications on the issue of excessive eating in obese people, during the years 2005-2016, available on PubMed...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569520/rapid-response-to-intensive-treatment-for-bulimia-nervosa-and-purging-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cbt-intervention-to-facilitate-early-behavior-change
#13
Danielle E MacDonald, Traci L McFarlane, Michelle M Dionne, Lauren David, Marion P Olmsted
OBJECTIVE: Rapid response to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for eating disorders (i.e., rapid and substantial change to key eating disorder behaviors in the initial weeks of treatment) robustly predicts good outcome at end-of-treatment and in follow up. The objective of this study was to determine whether rapid response to day hospital (DH) eating disorder treatment could be facilitated using a brief adjunctive CBT intervention focused on early change. METHOD: 44 women (average age 27...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549761/positive-and-negative-emotional-eating-have-different-associations-with-overeating-and-binge-eating-construction-and-validation-of-the-positive-negative-emotional-eating-scale
#14
Hedvig Sultson, Katrin Kukk, Kirsti Akkermann
Research on emotional eating mostly focuses on negative emotions. Much less is known about how positive emotions relate to overeating and binge eating (BE). The aim of the current study was to construct a scale for positive and negative emotional eating and to assess its predictive validity. In study 1, the Positive-Negative Emotional Eating Scale (PNEES) was constructed and tested on 531 women, who also completed Eating Disorders Assessment Scale (EDAS). Results showed that a two-factor model constituting Positive emotional eating (PNEES-P) and Negative emotional eating (PNEES-N) fit the data well...
May 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489323/mild-moderate-meaningful-examining-the-psychological-and-functioning-correlates-of-dsm-5-eating-disorder-severity-specifiers
#15
Loren Gianini, Christina A Roberto, Evelyn Attia, B Timothy Walsh, Jennifer J Thomas, Kamryn T Eddy, Carlos M Grilo, Thomas Weigel, Robyn Sysko
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the DSM-5 severity specifiers for treatment-seeking groups of participants with anorexia nervosa (AN), the purging form of bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge-eating disorder (BED). METHOD: Hundred and sixty-two participants with AN, 93 participants with BN, and 343 participants with BED were diagnosed using semi-structured interviews, sub-categorized using DSM-5 severity specifiers and compared on demographic and cross-sectional clinical measures...
August 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482293/temporal-associations-between-affective-instability-and-dysregulated-eating-behavior-in-bulimia-nervosa
#16
Laura A Berner, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Scott G Engel, Jason M Lavender, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich
Prior research suggests that the construct of emotional instability may be salient to bulimia nervosa (BN), but no study to date has used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to examine its temporal association with binge eating and purging. In the current study, 133 women with DSM-IV BN used portable digital devices to provide multiple daily negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA) ratings and record eating disorder behaviors over 2 weeks. Two state-of-the art indices quantified affective instability: probability of acute change (PAC), which represents the likelihood of extreme affective increases, and mean squared successive difference (MSSD), which represents average change over successive recordings...
September 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465183/a-qualitative-analysis-of-men-s-experiences-of-binge-eating
#17
Jillian B Carey, Karen K Saules, Meagan M Carr
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent overeating episodes, accompanied by loss of control (LOC), in the absence of compensatory behaviors. The literature supports that men overeat as often or more often than do women, but they are less likely to endorse LOC and other BED symptoms. Thus, rates of BED are lower among men. However, differences in prevalence rates may reflect gender bias in current conceptualizations of eating disorders and BED diagnostic criteria, not necessarily truly lower rates of disordered eating among men...
April 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434108/emotional-eating-binge-eating-and-animal-models-of-binge-type-eating-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Robert Turton, Rayane Chami, Janet Treasure
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this paper is to review the role that hedonic factors, emotions and self-regulation systems have over eating behaviours from animal models to humans. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence has been found to suggest that for some high-risk individuals, obesity/binge eating may develop as an impulsive reaction to negative emotions that over time becomes a compulsive habit. Animal models highlight the neural mechanisms that might underlie this process and suggest similarities with substance use disorders...
April 22, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282466/fat-mass-and-obesity-associated-gene-fto-is-associated-to-eating-disorders-susceptibility-and-moderates-the-expression-of-psychopathological-traits
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Giovanni Castellini, Marica Franzago, Silvia Bagnoli, Lorenzo Lelli, Michela Balsamo, Milena Mancini, Benedetta Nacmias, Valdo Ricca, Sandro Sorbi, Ivana Antonucci, Liborio Stuppia, Giovanni Stanghellini
Eating Disorders (EDs) show a multifactorial etiopathogenesis including environmental, psychological and biological factors. In the present study, we propose a model of interactions between genetic vulnerability-represented by Fat Mass and Obesity-Associated (FTO) gene-and stable psychopathological traits, such as bodily disorders and emotion dysregulation for EDs patients. The distribution of a polymorphism of the FTO (rs9939609 T>A) was evaluated in a series of 250 EDs patients and in a group of 119 healthy control subjects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259721/neuroendocrinology-and-brain-imaging-of-reward-in-eating-disorders-a-possible-key-to-the-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa
#20
REVIEW
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Giovanni Castellini, Umberto Volpe, Valdo Ricca, Lorenzo Lelli, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are severe eating disorders whose etiopathogenesis is still unknown. Clinical features suggest that eating disorders may develop as reward-dependent syndromes, since eating less food is perceived as rewarding in anorexia nervosa while consumption of large amounts of food during binge episodes in bulimia nervosa aims at reducing the patient's negative emotional states. Therefore, brain reward mechanisms have been a major focus of research in the attempt to contribute to the comprehension of the pathophysiology of these disorders...
March 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
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