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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659072/characteristics-and-treatment-of-internet-child-pornography-offenders
#1
Thanh Ly, R Gregg Dwyer, J Paul Fedoroff
In the realm of sexual offenses, there has been a decrease in hands-on offenses, but an increase in online offenses against children. The current issue is whether online and offline sexual offenders are alike or differ. This literature review investigates the differences among individuals who have committed child pornography offenses, individuals who have committed contact offenses against children, and individuals who have committed both. This review discusses the various typologies that have been proposed of those who have committed online offenses against children, the diagnostic implications of having committed child pornography offenses, and the current state of treatment and prevention of individuals who have committed online sex offenses against children...
March 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625377/clinical-characteristics-associated-with-paedophilia-and-child-sex-offending-differentiating-sexual-preference-from-offence-status
#2
Hannah Gerwinn, Simone Weiß, Gilian Tenbergen, Till Amelung, Carina Födisch, Alexander Pohl, Claudia Massau, Jonas Kneer, Sebastian Mohnke, Christian Kärgel, Matthias Wittfoth, Stefanie Jung, Krassimira Drumkova, Kolja Schiltz, Martin Walter, Klaus M Beier, Henrik Walter, Jorge Ponseti, Boris Schiffer, Tillmann H C Kruger
Contrary to public perception, child sex offending (CSO) and paedophilia are not the same. Only half of all cases of CSO are motivated by paedophilic preference, and a paedophilic preference does not necessarily lead to CSO. However, studies that investigated clinical factors accompanying and contributing to paedophilia so far mainly relied on paedophiles with a history of CSO. The aim of this study was to distinguish between factors associated with sexual preference (paedophile versus non-paedophile) and offender status (with versus without CSO)...
April 3, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620394/the-home-field-advantage-and-the-perils-of-professional-judgment-evaluating-the-performance-of-the-static-99r-and-the-mnsost-3-in-predicting-sexual-recidivism
#3
Grant Duwe, Michael Rocque
When sex offenders in Minnesota are assigned risk levels prior to their release from prison, correctional staff frequently exercise professional judgment by overriding the presumptive risk level per an offender's score on the Minnesota Sex Offender Screening Tool-3 (MnSOST-3), a sexual recidivism risk-assessment instrument. These overrides enabled us to evaluate whether the use of professional judgment resulted in better predictive performance than did reliance on "actuarial" judgment (MnSOST-3). Using multiple metrics, we also compared the performance of a home-grown instrument (the MnSOST-3) with a global assessment (the revised version of the Static-99 [Static-99R]) in predicting sexual recidivism for 650 sex offenders released from Minnesota prisons in 2012...
April 5, 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587173/trends-in-female-and-male-drunken-driving-prevalence-over-thirty-years-triangulating-diverse-sources-of-evidence-1985-2015
#4
Jennifer Schwartz, Lindsey Beltz
INTRODUCTION: Women have lower rates of drunken driving than men, but their share of arrests has been climbing since 1985. These trends may stem from changes in women's lives that lead to more drinking and driving, or to greater reductions in male drinking and driving. Alternatively, changes in policy and enforcement that focus on less intoxicated offenders may inadvertently target female-typical offending patterns. This paper tracked male and female drunken driving rates and the DUI sex ratio in the United States from 1985 to 2015 across three data sources...
March 19, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566602/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-strangulation-between-same-sex-and-different-sex-couples
#5
Jill T Messing, Kristie A Thomas, Allison L Ward-Lasher, Nathan Q Brewer
Strangulation is a common and dangerous form of intimate partner violence (IPV). Nonfatal strangulation is a risk factor for homicide; can lead to severe, long-term physical and mental health sequelae; and can be an effective strategy of coercion and control. To date, research has not examined strangulation within same-sex couples. The objective of this cross-sectional, observational research is to identify whether and to what extent the detection of strangulation and coercive control differs between same-sex and different-sex couples in police reports of IPV...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562826/relationships-between-treatment-delivery-program-attrition-and-reoffending-outcomes-in-an-intensive-custodial-sex-offender-program
#6
Mark V A Howard, Abilio C de Almeida Neto, Jennifer J Galouzis
Retention of sex offenders to the completion of treatment is critical to program adherence to risk need responsivity (RNR) principles; however, it is also important to consider the potential interaction between attrition and treatment outcomes such as reoffending. The first aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of changes to treatment delivery in a residential sex offender treatment program (SOTP), including introduction of rolling groups and systematic emphasis on positive therapist characteristics, on likelihood of program noncompletion ( n = 652)...
March 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560559/sex-offender-management-policies-and-evidence-based-recommendations-for-registry-reform
#7
REVIEW
Jill S Levenson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper is to improve evidence-based sex offender management systems through an understanding of the research findings related to the stated goals and unintended consequences of such laws. RECENT FINDINGS: Assessment tools using factors derived from research studies can improve the identification of higher-risk sex offenders, so that more intensive or restrictive interventions can be tailored to those who pose the highest threat to community safety...
March 21, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558340/university-students-perceptions-of-child-sexual-offenders-impact-of-classroom-instruction
#8
Sandy K Wurtele
Research with the public suggests that knowledge about sexual offenders, especially child sexual offenders, is limited and often inaccurate. In general, the public tends to believe that adults who commit sex crimes against children are pedophiles or monstrous strangers who cannot be rehabilitated. However, there is some evidence to suggest that these perceptions can be changed through curricular intervention. The current study was designed to determine whether a course on sex crimes against children could influence college students' knowledge and attitudes toward child sexual offenders...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547836/a-systematic-review-of-fantasy-driven-vs-contact-driven-internet-initiated-sexual-offences-discrete-or-overlapping-typologies
#9
REVIEW
Laura Jayne Broome, Cristina Izura, Nuria Lorenzo-Dus
Within the literature individuals who use the internet to facilitate the sexual abuse of a minor are generally classified as being fantasy or contact driven. Classification is based upon the intended location for sexual climax: fantasy driven individuals aim to reach sexual climax online, whereas contact driven individuals target minors to achieve physical sex offline. This review systematically investigates whether there is an empirical basis for the distinction between these two proposed discrete types. Comparison of tactics and behaviour are considered to examine whether the contact vs...
March 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543067/violent-offending-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-preceding-and-following-diagnosis
#10
Henning Hachtel, Cieran Harries, Stefan Luebbers, James Rp Ogloff
OBJECTIVE: People affected by schizophrenia spectrum disorders are at a higher risk of offending violently. This study aims to investigate risk factors in relation to the peri-diagnostic period and possible predictors of post-diagnostic violence of people diagnosed for the first time in the public mental health system. METHODS: The study compared various risk factors for post-diagnostic violence in patients ( n = 1453) diagnosed with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder...
March 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533206/pre-offense-alcohol-intake-in-homicide-offenders-and-victims-a-forensic-toxicological-case-control-study
#11
Jonatan Hedlund, Jonas Forsman, Joakim Sturup, Thomas Masterman
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Alcohol is associated with violent behavior, although little is known regarding to what extent alcohol increases homicide risk. We aimed to estimate risks of homicide offending and victimization conferred by the presence of ethanol in blood by using toxicological data from homicide victims and offenders and from controls who had died in vehicle-related accidents. METHODS: From nationwide governmental registries and databases, forensic-toxicological results were retrieved for victims (n = 200) and offenders (n = 105) of homicides committed during the years 2007-2009 and individuals killed in vehicle-related accidents (n = 1629) during the years 2006-2014...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509061/the-observed-longitudinal-relationship-between-future-orientation-and-substance-use-among-a-cohort-of-youth-with-serious-criminal-offenses
#12
Merrian Brooks, Elizabeth Miller, Kaleab Abebe, Edward Mulvey
BACKGROUND: Future orientation (FO), an essential construct in youth development, encompassing goals, expectations for life, and ability to plan for the future. This study uses a multidimensional measure of future orientation to assess the relationship between change in future orientation and change in substance use over time. METHODS: Data were from the Pathways to Desistence study. Justice involved youth (n = 1,354), ages 14 to 18 at time of recruitment, completed interviews every six months for three years...
March 6, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502475/differentiating-adults-with-mixed-age-victims-from-those-who-exclusively-sexually-assault-children-or-adults
#13
Jenna Rice, Raymond A Knight
Although adults who have sexually offended against both child and adult victims (i.e., adults with mixed aged sexual offense victims [MASOVs]) have been found at increased risk to reoffend, they have been a neglected and rarely studied group of individuals who have sexually offended. The present study explored their differentiating characteristics by comparing them with adults who had sexually offended exclusively against children (child sex offense victims [CSOVs]) or adults (adult sex offense victims [ASOVs])...
March 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498133/religion-and-desistance-from-substance-use-among-adolescent-offenders-the-role-of-cognitive-functioning
#14
Richard Stansfield
BACKGROUND: Religious beliefs and practices have been shown to have some association with desistance from offending, as have cognitive processes, including emotion regulation, self-control, reasoning, learning, and empathy. Religious behaviours may, however, be moderated or mediated by cognitive abilities, but few studies take this into account. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the role of cognitive ability in any relationship between religious beliefs and behaviours and desistance from substance use among adolescents...
March 1, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478392/comparing-the-central-eight-risk-factors-do-they-differ-across-age-groups-of-sex-offenders
#15
Julia Wilpert, Joan E van Horn, Cyril Boonmann
Following the risk-need-responsivity (RNR) model, cognitive-behavioral therapy is considered most effective in reducing recidivism when based on dynamic risk factors. As studies have found differences of these factors across age, exploring this seems beneficial. The current study investigates the Central Eight (C8) risk factors across six age groups of outpatient sex offenders ( N = 650). Results showed that recidivism rates and age were inversely related from 19 years and up. Half of the C8 did not predict general recidivism at all, substance abuse, antisocial cognition, antisocial associates, and history of antisocial behavior in only one or several age groups...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478390/beyond-circles-of-support-fearless-an-open-peer-to-peer-mutual-support-group-for-sex-offense-registrants-and-their-family-members
#16
Lisa L Sample, Brooke N Cooley, Tusty Ten Bensel
The term sex offender carries expectations that include a continuous level of sexual criminal risk and untreatable mental health conditions that govern sex offending behaviors. These role expectations by the public can socially isolate individuals who have been convicted of a crime and the people who love them. This is likely to contribute to negative self-images that can result in loneliness, isolation, and depression, and, subsequently, contribute to discontinuing support for sex offender's loved ones and reoffending...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459609/psychiatric-morbidities-among-male-juvenile-offenders-a-cross-sectional-comparison-in-bangladesh
#17
N M Morshed, F Rahman, M S Qusar, S B Shahid, S M Arafat
Inmates of Juvenile Developmental Centers are the special group of youth population who are in conflict with law and are vulnerable to psychiatric disorders. It was aimed to see the variation of prevalence and type of psychiatric disorders in institutionalized male juvenile offenders and non-offenders of same age, sex and socioeconomic group in the community. The association of mental disorders was examined in 138 male inmates of Juvenile Development Centers and 138 randomly selected comparison subjects in community...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453158/female-perpetrated-sexual-offences-reported-to-a-london-sexual-assault-referral-centre
#18
Louise Morgan, Lisa Long
A gender specific approach to understanding female sex offenders is important for developing prevention and treatment strategies, yet research to date is limited. While it is recognised that females often offend with another person, there has been little attempt to look beyond the two groupings of solo and co-offending and study females who offend in larger groups. Furthermore, very few studies have looked at the victims of these crimes and all of these have focussed on child victims only. The present work describes demographic and assault related characteristics of victims of all ages reporting a sexual assault by a female perpetrator to the Havens sexual assault referral centres in London, UK, in a five year period, with the aim of identifying victim, perpetrator and offence patterns in solo, pair and group sexual assaults...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444628/assisting-the-investigation-of-stranger-rapes-predicting-the-criminal-record-of-u-k-stranger-rapists-from-their-crime-scene-behaviors
#19
Louise Almond, Michelle McManus, Amarat Bal, Freya O'Brien, Lee Rainbow, Mark Webb
Davies, Wittebrood, and Jackson (1997) were among the first to investigate whether offense behaviors are predictive of criminal history, with the findings of their paper then utilized by the National Crime Agency (NCA) Behavioral Investigative Advisors (BIAs) when assisting rape investigations. The aim of the study was to replicate this seminal paper with a larger contemporary sample of U.K. stranger rapists as identified by NCA. Data from 474 adult male stranger rapists were obtained in relation to 22 crime scene behaviors and nine preconviction variables...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436698/-how-reliable-are-the-predictors-of-sexual-recidivism-moral-considerations-can-colour-the-judgement-of-pro-justitia-reporters
#20
L Huls, L Nentjes, T Rinne, B Verschuere
When estimating the risk of sexual recidivism, the specialised behavioural pro Justitia reporter in the Netherlands generally uses risk assessment tools, although it is the reporter who pronounces the final judgement.<br/> AIM: To examine which risk factors reporters take into account when assessing the risk of sexual recidivism, to test to what degree this assessment is based on the scientific accuracy of the risk factors and to what extent the assessment is influenced by moral considerations.<br/> METHOD: 151 reporters indicated how important they considered risk factors to be in the assessment of sexual recidivism risk in adult sex offenders...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
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