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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212438/the-intensity-and-timing-of-sex-offender-treatment
#1
Andrew Day, Stuart Ross, Sharon Casey, James Vess, Diana Johns, Gaynor Hobbs
Current evidence about the impact of specialized sex offender treatment on reoffending remains inconsistent, drawing attention to the need to focus more on those program characteristics that potentially moderate outcome. This review considers current professional perspectives and evidence on two defining aspects of treatment: its intensity and timing. It is concluded that insufficient evidence currently exists to articulate best practice in this area and there is a pressing need to collect empirical evidence about the effectiveness of different intensity treatments offered at different stages of sentence...
December 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204815/sadistic-offender-or-sexual-sadism-taxometric-evidence-for-a-dimensional-structure-of-sexual-sadism
#2
Nicholas Longpré, Jean-Pierre Guay, Raymond A Knight, Massil Benbouriche
Severe sexual sadism is a disorder of sexual preferences that focuses on humiliation and domination of the victim, sometimes causing grievous injury or death. Because offenders with high levels of sadism represent a risk to both reoffend and cause considerable harm should they reoffend, a diagnosis of sexual sadism has serious implications. The actual diagnosis of sexual sadism is fraught with problems (i.e., low reliability and validity) and exhibits poor consistency across assessments and studies (Levenson, 2004; Marshall, Kennedy, & Yates, 2002a)...
December 4, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195513/factors-related-to-co-offending-and-coerced-offending-among-female-sex-offenders-the-role-of-childhood-and-adult-trauma-histories
#3
Erin B Comartin, Amanda Burgess-Proctor, Sheryl Kubiak, Poco Kernsmith
Research suggests two important domains of women's sexual offending: co-offending, in which additional perpetrators are present with the woman during the crime, and coerced offending, in which the woman feels pressured by someone else to commit the crime. This exploratory analysis examines these 2 domains using self-report data from 60 incarcerated female sex offenders (FSOs) in a Midwestern state. In addition to indicating whether a cooffender was present and whether they felt pressure to commit the sex offense for which they were incarcerated, participants provided demographic information about themselves, the victim, and the offense, as well as about their own trauma, substance abuse, and mental illness histories...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188754/-it-s-sort-of-reaffirmed-to-me-that-i-m-not-a-monster-i-m-not-a-terrible-person-sex-offenders-movements-toward-desistance-via-peer-support-roles-in-prison
#4
Christian Perrin, Nicholas Blagden, Belinda Winder, Gayle Dillon
Individuals incarcerated in prisons across the United Kingdom and abroad are able to volunteer for a variety of peer-support roles, which are characterized by prisoner-to-prisoner helping. Some research has found that such roles can represent turning points in the lives of those who have offended and encourage movements toward desistance. This proposed redemptive influence is argued to result from the prosocial behaviors that such roles appear to elicit in their holders. The present study aims to explore the mechanics of this claimed influence...
March 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178452/insane-sex-offenders-psychiatric-and-legal-characteristics-of-sexual-offenders-found-not-guilty-by-reason-of-insanity
#5
Brian J Holoyda, Barbara E McDermott, William J Newman
There is little known about sexual offenders hospitalized under forensic commitment statutes such as not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI). We conducted a chart review to delineate the demographic, clinical, and legal characteristics of NGRI sexual offenders (n = 68) committed to the California Department of State Hospitals-Napa, including 41 found NGRI for a sexual offense and 27 found NGRI for a nonsexual offense. The two groups did not differ significantly in their demographics, psychiatric diagnoses, victim characteristics, or recidivism risk as measured by the Static-99R...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168094/what-money-can-t-buy-different-patterns-in-decision-making-about-sex-and-money-predict-past-sexual-coercion-perpetration
#6
Fannie Carrier Emond, Jean Gagnon, Kevin Nolet, Gaëlle Cyr, Joanne-Lucine Rouleau
Self-reported impulsivity has been found to predict the perpetration of sexual coercion in both sexual offenders and male college students. Impulsivity can be conceptualized as a generalized lack of self-control (i.e., general perspective) or as a multifaceted construct that can vary from one context to the other (i.e., domain-specific perspective). Delay discounting, the tendency to prefer sooner smaller rewards over larger delayed rewards, is a measure of impulsive decision making. Recent sexual adaptations of delay discounting tasks can be used to test domain-specific assumptions...
November 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134852/psychosis-and-sexual-offending-a-review-of-current-literature
#7
E Thomas Lewis, R Gregg Dwyer
Sexual offending is a public health concern and societal risk requiring a multi-disciplinary approach. While current data give an indication of the frequency of sexual victimization, these figures likely underestimate the severity of the concern as many of these incidents go unreported. And while sex offender research has increased over the past several decades, particular attention to those offenders with severe mental illness remains limited. In this descriptive review, literature describing sex offenders with psychotic disorders is explored with a focus on recent research...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125665/firearms-and-suicide-finding-the-right-words
#8
Marian E Betz
As emergency physicians, we're used to asking patients about sensitive topics. We overcame discomfort by practicing questions like "Do you have sex with men, women or both?" until the words flowed smoothly. In lectures, I urge providers to counsel suicidal patients about firearm access, given that reducing lethal means access can save lives.(1,2) But early on, I didn't know how to talk about firearms without offending my patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 10, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121814/sex-difference-in-homicide-comparing-male-and-female-violent-crimes-in-korea
#9
Jonghan Sea, Donna Youngs, Sophia Tkazky
The comparison of the South Korean male and female homicide offenders' characteristics and crime scene behaviours is presented in this study. A total of 537 cases of homicide offenders prosecuted in Korea between 2006 and 2010 were analyzed in terms of offenders' characteristics, victim-offender interaction, places of crime, and crime scene actions. Significant differences between male and female offenders were revealed in prior criminal history, offenders' personal characteristics, choice of victim, crime scene behaviours during and after the homicide, and choice of weapon...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119406/increasing-valid-profiles-in-phallometric-assessment-of-sex-offenders-with-child-victims-combining-the-strengths-of-audio-stimuli-and-synthetic-characters
#10
Shawn Marschall-Lévesque, Joanne-Lucine Rouleau, Patrice Renaud
Penile plethysmography (PPG) is a measure of sexual interests that relies heavily on the stimuli it uses to generate valid results. Ethical considerations surrounding the use of real images in PPG have further limited the content admissible for these stimuli. To palliate this limitation, the current study aimed to combine audio and visual stimuli by incorporating computer-generated characters to create new stimuli capable of accurately classifying sex offenders with child victims, while also increasing the number of valid profiles...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119325/major-mental-illness-in-those-who-sexually-abuse
#11
REVIEW
Heather M Moulden, Liam E Marshall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is evidence showing an increasing prevalence of mental illness in those in conflict with the law. However, there are many factors affecting the detection, treatment, and management of criminals who are mentally ill. RECENT FINDINGS: Sex offenders with major mental illness present many challenges to those providing treatment and management services. For example, it is important to consider whether sexually offensive behavior is the cause of criminal behavior or whether it is reflective of an antisocial orientation...
November 9, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110538/victims-attitudes-toward-sex-offenders-and-sex-offender-legislation
#12
Susanne Spoo, Leah E Kaylor, Sarah Schaaf, Michelle Rosselli, Anniken Laake, Christina Johnson, Elizabeth L Jeglic
It is commonly assumed that victims of sexual abuse feel more negatively toward sex offenders and advocate for harsher punishments than individuals who have not been victimized. This belief was examined by comparing attitudes toward sex offenders and their treatment, support of registration, notification, and residence restriction policies, as well as general knowledge about sex offenders between a sample of 129 individuals who reported sexual victimization and a sample of 841 individuals who did not report sexual victimization...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108437/latent-profiles-of-early-developmental-vulnerabilities-in-a-new-south-wales-child-population-at-age-5%C3%A2-years
#13
Melissa J Green, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kristin R Laurens, Kimberlie Dean, Maina Kariuki, Felicity Harris, Nicole O'Reilly, Marilyn Chilvers, Sally A Brinkman, Vaughan J Carr
OBJECTIVE: Detecting the early emergence of childhood risk for adult mental disorders may lead to interventions for reducing subsequent burden of these disorders. We set out to determine classes of children who may be at risk for later mental disorder on the basis of early patterns of development in a population cohort, and associated exposures gleaned from linked administrative records obtained within the New South Wales Child Development Study. METHODS: Intergenerational records from government departments of health, education, justice and child protection were linked with the Australian Early Development Census for a state population cohort of 67,353 children approximately 5 years of age...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094673/what-are-the-characteristics-of-first-time-older-sexual-offenders
#14
Joanne Chua, Gary Cheung, Susan Hatters Friedman, Sigourney Taylor
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to examine and describe the common socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of first time older sex offenders. METHODS: Research papers published in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and EMBASE were searched systematically. Following removal of duplicates and irrelevant papers, a total of 423 papers were reviewed to determine whether the selection criteria were met. A total of seven publications were included and evaluated by two researchers...
November 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089343/impact-of-atrial-fibrillation-on-exercise-capacity-and-mortality-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-insights-from-cardiopulmonary-stress-testing
#15
Mohamed B Elshazly, Todd Senn, Yuping Wu, Bruce Lindsay, Walid Saliba, Oussama Wazni, Leslie Cho
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been objectively associated with exercise intolerance in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction; however, its impact in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction has not been fully scrutinized. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 1744 patients with heart failure and ejection fraction ≥50% referred for cardiopulmonary stress testing at the Cleveland Clinic (Cleveland, OH), 239 of whom had AF...
October 31, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072473/associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-legal-charges-among-substance-using-veterans
#16
Diana C Bennett, David H Morris, Minden B Sexton, Erin E Bonar, Stephen T Chermack
Substance misuse is prevalent among veterans entering the criminal justice system, and is related to recidivism. Research demonstrates that trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, which commonly co-occur with substance misuse, also increase the risk of legal involvement and recidivism. However, it is unclear whether the associations between trauma, PTS symptoms and violent and nonviolent crime may be conflated by substance use. The aim of the present study was to understand the association between PTS symptoms and criminal justice involvement (both violent and nonviolent crime) among substance-using veterans seeking Veterans Affairs (VA) specialty mental health care after accounting for substance use frequency and demographics including age, gender, and ethnicity...
October 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992273/neural-correlates-of-moral-judgment-in-pedophilia
#17
Claudia Massau, Christian Kärgel, Simone Weiß, Martin Walter, Jorge Ponseti, Tillmann Hc Krueger, Henrik Walter, Boris Schiffer
Pedophilia is a sexual preference that is often associated with child sex offending (CSO). Sexual urges towards prepubescent children and specifically acting upon those urges are universally regarded as immoral. However, up until now, it is completely unknown whether moral processing of sexual offenses is altered in pedophiles. A total of 31 pedophilic men and 19 healthy controls were assessed by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in combination with a moral judgment paradigm consisting of 36 scenarios describing different types of offenses...
September 1, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982319/sexual-dysfunction-in-epilepsy-and-the-role-of-anti-epileptic-drugs
#18
Mahinda Yogarajah, Marco Mula
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is very common in patients with epilepsy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to review the published literature around sexual dysfunction in epilepsy, and particularly the role played by anti-convulsant drugs. METHOD: We searched all related articles on PubMed using the search terms sexual dysfunction, various AEDs and epilepsy, and restricted the search to English language articles. RESULTS: The most common manifestations of sexual dysfunction in patients with epilepsy are hyposexuality and erectile dysfunction...
October 4, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966415/involvement-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-for-african-american-adolescents-examining-associations-with-behavioral-health-problems
#19
Dexter R Voisin, Dongha Kim, Lois Takahashi, Phillip Morotta, Kathryn Bocanegra
While researchers have found that African American youth experience higher levels of juvenile justice involvement at every system level (arrest, sentencing, and incarceration) relative to their other ethnic counterparts, few studies have explored how juvenile justice involvement and number of contacts might be correlated with this broad range of problems. A convenience sample of 638 African American adolescents living in predominantly low-income, urban communities participated in a survey related to juvenile justice involvement...
2017: Journal of Social Service Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934893/what-works-in-israeli-prison-based-sex-offender-rehabilitation-programs-program-participants-perspective
#20
Brenda Geiger, Michael Fischer
This study invited 10 of the 22 sex offenders enrolled in a prison-based rehabilitation program in one of the prisons in Israel to engage in the two first of the 4-D ( Discover, Dream, Design, and Deliver) stages of the Appreciative Inquiry . Consistent with the responsivity principle, and the IA tenets, program participants were interviewed to Discover components to which they were responsive and Dream/envision additional ones that would increase engagement and progress. Content analysis of the interviews indicated that despite the initial decision to enrol based on external incentives, participants eventually engaged in group therapy and expressed the desire to understand and regulate their sexual behaviour...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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