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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444628/assisting-the-investigation-of-stranger-rapes-predicting-the-criminal-record-of-u-k-stranger-rapists-from-their-crime-scene-behaviors
#1
Louise Almond, Michelle McManus, Amarat Bal, Freya O'Brien, Lee Rainbow, Mark Webb
Davies, Wittebrood, and Jackson (1997) were among the first to investigate whether offense behaviors are predictive of criminal history, with the findings of their paper then utilized by the National Crime Agency (NCA) Behavioral Investigative Advisors (BIAs) when assisting rape investigations. The aim of the study was to replicate this seminal paper with a larger contemporary sample of U.K. stranger rapists as identified by NCA. Data from 474 adult male stranger rapists were obtained in relation to 22 crime scene behaviors and nine preconviction variables...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436698/-how-reliable-are-the-predictors-of-sexual-recidivism-moral-considerations-can-colour-the-judgement-of-pro-justitia-reporters
#2
L Huls, L Nentjes, T Rinne, B Verschuere
When estimating the risk of sexual recidivism, the specialised behavioural pro Justitia reporter in the Netherlands generally uses risk assessment tools, although it is the reporter who pronounces the final judgement.<br/> AIM: To examine which risk factors reporters take into account when assessing the risk of sexual recidivism, to test to what degree this assessment is based on the scientific accuracy of the risk factors and to what extent the assessment is influenced by moral considerations.<br/> METHOD: 151 reporters indicated how important they considered risk factors to be in the assessment of sexual recidivism risk in adult sex offenders...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415630/impact-on-therapists-working-with-sex-offenders-a-systematic-review-of-gender-findings
#3
Nehami Baum, Shomron Moyal
Although there is a great deal of literature about the distress of therapists who work with sex offenders, little is known about possible gender differences in their distress. The article presents a systematic review and small-scale meta-analysis that address two questions: whether one gender is more susceptible than the other to the adverse effects of treating sex offenders and whether their distress is manifested similarly or differently. Findings of 36 measures of association reported in 10 eligible studies with a total of 1,754 sex offender therapists (785 males) indicate that males are somewhat more vulnerable to the adverse effects of treating sex offenders ( d = ...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411382/differences-in-neuropsychological-functioning-between-homicidal-and-nonviolent-schizophrenia-samples
#4
John Stratton, Derin J Cobia, James Reilly, Michael Brook, Robert E Hanlon
Few studies have compared performance on neurocognitive measures between violent and nonviolent schizophrenia samples. A better understanding of neurocognitive dysfunction in violent individuals with schizophrenia could increase the efficacy of violence reduction strategies and aid in risk assessment and adjudication processes. This study aimed to compare neuropsychological performance between 25 homicide offenders with schizophrenia and 25 nonviolent schizophrenia controls. The groups were matched for age, race, sex, and handedness...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389155/hiv-risk-reduction-intervention-for-juvenile-offenders-on-probation-the-phat-life-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Geri Donenberg, Erin Emerson, Ashley D Kendall
OBJECTIVE: Juvenile offenders report high rates of sexual risk taking, increasing the possibility of HIV. This 2-arm group randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of PHAT Life, a sexual risk reduction program, compared with a time-matched health promotion program for youth on probation. METHOD: Male and female 13- to 17-year-olds (M = 16.08; SD = 1.09) recently arrested and placed on probation at an Evening Reporting Center were eligible for the study. Youth were 66% male, and 90% African American...
February 1, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345490/asher-r-pacht-1922-2017
#6
Barbara A Van Horne
Presents an obituary for Asher R. Pacht, who passed away on March 14, 2017. Pacht was a pioneer in bringing effective treatment to correctional clients including sex offenders. In addition to being a teacher with a clinical practice, he was a leader in numerous professional organizations, with particular commitment to the regulation and licensing of psychologists. Pacht's first professional job was with the Wisconsin Division of Corrections; he retired 24 years later as director of the Bureau of Clinical Services...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336084/age-onset-of-offending-and-serious-mental-illness-among-forensic-psychiatric-patients-a-latent-profile-analysis
#7
Stephanie R Penney, Aaron Prosser, Alexander I F Simpson
BACKGROUND: Developmental typologies regarding age of onset of violence and offending have not routinely taken account of the role of serious mental illness (SMI), and whether age of onset of offending in relation to onset of illness impacts on the manifestation of offending over the life course. AIMS: To test whether forensic psychiatric patients can be classified according to age of onset of SMI and offending, and, if so, whether subtypes differ by sex. METHODS: Details of all 511 patients enrolled into a large forensic mental health service in Ontario, Canada, in 2011 or 2012 were collected from records...
January 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330640/is-contact-with-children-related-to-legitimizing-beliefs-toward-sex-with-children-among-men-with-pedophilia
#8
Max Geradt, Sara Jahnke, Julia Heinz, Jürgen Hoyer
Among pedophilic men, social contact with children has been discussed as creating a risk situation for sexual abuse. Also, pedophilic men searching for such contact are seen as harboring more beliefs legitimizing sexual contact with children. However, social contact may also decrease false beliefs. We tested these competing views in an anonymous Internet survey with a non-forensic, non-clinical sample of 104 self-classified pedophilic men. Results showed that both increased social and physical contact were significantly linked to fewer legitimizing beliefs toward sex with children, even when controlling for past psychotherapy, educational level, social desirability, and age...
February 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310009/the-role-of-family-functioning-in-parenting-practices-of-court-involved-youth
#9
Marina Tolou-Shams, Leah Brogan, Christianne Esposito-Smythers, Meredith G Healy, Ashley Lowery, Lacey Craker, Larry K Brown
Court-involved youth engage in risky sex behaviors at higher rates than non-offending peers and are at particular risk for adverse sexual health outcomes. Parenting practices, such as parent-child sexual communication and parental monitoring, may protect court-involved youth from engaging in risky sexual behavior. Parent psychological distress and family dysfunction may, however, compromise parenting practices for court-involved youth. This study examined associations among parent mental health symptoms, family functioning, and parenting practices within 157 parent-youth dyads who were court-referred for mental health treatment...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294982/gender-based-violence-supportive-cognitions-in-adolescent-girls-and-boys-the-function-of-violence-exposure-and-victimization
#10
Agata Debowska, Daniel Boduszek, Adele D Jones, Dominic Willmott, Nicole Sherretts
Violence against women and girls is widespread in the Caribbean, which may be due to heightened acceptance of such acts in this specific social context. In spite of this, studies investigating attitudes toward violence and their correlates among participants drawn from the region are missing. To address this void in the literature, we examined associations between violence exposure and victimization and two gender-based violence-related cognitions (attitudes toward male physical domestic violence and social norms regarding physical violence against girls) as well as general beliefs about violence using structural equation modeling...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294887/an-analysis-of-crime-scene-behavior-in-korean-homicide
#11
Jonghan Sea, Eric Beauregard
The aim of the current study is to identify themes of crime scene behaviors in a sample of 487 Korean homicides and test whether these themes are linked to offender characteristics. A content analysis of police information was first conducted and then a multidimensional scale approach was used to identify themes in the homicide data. The exploratory thematic structure showed four factors that confirmed the instrumental/expressive themes as being useful in differentiating homicides: sex-arousal, cognitive, overkill-blood, and impulsive...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294774/the-role-of-family-support-in-the-explanation-of-patterns-of-desistance-among-individuals-convicted-of-a-sexual-offense
#12
Allyson Walker, Lila Kazemian, Patrick Lussier, Chongmin Na
Despite the growing body of research on desistance from crime, there have been comparatively few studies that have focused specifically on desistance from sex offending. Much remains unknown about whether the findings from the general desistance literature are applicable to individuals convicted of a sexual offense. The current study explores this issue. Given the well-established importance of the social support network in the process of desistance from crime, this research focuses on the influence of indicators of family support on reoffending outcomes...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294771/injury-matters-on-female-perpetrated-sex-crimes
#13
Kristen M Budd, David M Bierie
Despite the importance of studying sexual assaults perpetrated by women, the field knows very little about female sexual offenders' (FSOs) use of violence or physical injury resulting from these assaults. This study draws more than 20 years of National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) data reported to police (1992-2014) to identify factors that distinguish between female perpetrated incidents of sexual assault that result in severe, minor, or no physical victim injuries above and beyond the sexual assault itself...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294712/exploration-of-crime-scene-characteristics-in-juvenile-homicide-in-the-french-speaking-part-of-belgium
#14
F Jeane Gerard, Kate C Whitfield, Kevin D Browne
This study explores modeling crime-scene characteristics of juvenile homicide in the French-speaking part of Belgium. Multidimensional scaling analysis was carried out on crime-scene characteristics derived from the court files of 67 individuals under 22 years old, who had been charged with murder or attempted murder (1995-2009). Three thematic regions (Expressive: multiple offenders; Instrumental: theft; Instrumental: sex/forensic awareness) distinguished types of aggression displayed during the offense. These themes reaffirm that the expressive-instrumental differentiation found in general homicide studies is valuable when attempting to discriminate juvenile homicides...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294707/physical-violence-against-children-and-adolescents-in-porto-a-5-year-study
#15
Humberto Gomes Vidal, Inês Morais Caldas, Arnaldo de França Caldas, Luiz Gutenberg Toledo de Miranda Coelho Júnior, Eliane Helena Alvim de Souza, Maria Lurdes Pereira
The aim of the present study was to analyze the prevalence of physical violence against children and adolescents (PVCA) in a 5-year period in the city of Porto, Portugal. All forensic reports between 2009 and 2013 in the clinical services of the North Branch of the National Institute of Legal Medicine and forensic sciences were analyzed. Victims were classified according to sex, age, relationship with perpetrator, traumatic consequences of the event, and year of occurrence. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS (Version 22...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289377/treatment-of-paraphilic-disorders-in-sexual-offenders-or-men-with-a-risk-of-sexual-offending-with-luteinizing-hormone-releasing-hormone-agonists-an-updated-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Daniel Turner, Peer Briken
BACKGROUND: Different pharmacologic agents are used in the treatment of paraphilic disorders in sexual offenders or men with a risk of sexual offending, with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists being the agents introduced more recently to treatment regimens. AIM: To summarize the relevant literature concerning LHRH agonist treatment of paraphilic disorders in sexual offenders and update the previously published systematic review by Briken et al (J Clin Psychiatry 2003;64:890-897)...
January 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279896/association-of-childhood-blood-lead-levels-with-criminal-offending
#17
Amber L Beckley, Avshalom Caspi, Jonathan Broadbent, Honalee Harrington, Renate M Houts, Richie Poulton, Sandhya Ramrakha, Aaron Reuben, Terrie E Moffitt
Importance: Lead is a neurotoxin with well-documented effects on health. Research suggests that lead may be associated with criminal behavior. This association is difficult to disentangle from low socioeconomic status, a factor in both lead exposure and criminal offending. Objective: To test the hypothesis that a higher childhood blood lead level (BLL) is associated with greater risk of criminal conviction, recidivism (repeat conviction), conviction for violent offenses, and variety of self-reported criminal offending in a setting where BLL was not associated with low socioeconomic status...
December 26, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236522/risky-sex-drugs-sensation-seeking-and-callous-unemotional-traits-in-justice-involved-male-adolescents
#18
Laura C Thornton, Paul J Frick, James V Ray, Tina D Wall Myers, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth Cauffman
The current study examined whether callous-unemotional (CU) traits predicted risky sexual behavior (i.e., unprotected sex, casual sex) and whether substance use and sensation seeking mediated this relationship over 24 months in justice-involved young men. Participants (N = 1,216) were an ethnically and racially diverse sample (46.3% White Latino, 38% Black, 15.7% White non-Latino) of first-time offending male adolescents (ages 13-17 years) from 3 U.S. cities. Participants completed 5 self-reported interviews at 6-month intervals over 2 years...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212438/the-intensity-and-timing-of-sex-offender-treatment
#19
Andrew Day, Stuart Ross, Sharon Casey, James Vess, Diana Johns, Gaynor Hobbs
Current evidence about the impact of specialized sex offender treatment on reoffending remains inconsistent, drawing attention to the need to focus more on those program characteristics that potentially moderate outcome. This review considers current professional perspectives and evidence on two defining aspects of treatment: its intensity and timing. It is concluded that insufficient evidence currently exists to articulate best practice in this area and there is a pressing need to collect empirical evidence about the effectiveness of different intensity treatments offered at different stages of sentence...
December 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204815/sadistic-offender-or-sexual-sadism-taxometric-evidence-for-a-dimensional-structure-of-sexual-sadism
#20
Nicholas Longpré, Jean-Pierre Guay, Raymond A Knight, Massil Benbouriche
Severe sexual sadism is a disorder of sexual preferences that focuses on humiliation and domination of the victim, sometimes causing grievous injury or death. Because offenders with high levels of sadism represent a risk to both reoffend and cause considerable harm should they reoffend, a diagnosis of sexual sadism has serious implications. The actual diagnosis of sexual sadism is fraught with problems (i.e., low reliability and validity) and exhibits poor consistency across assessments and studies (Levenson, 2004; Marshall, Kennedy, & Yates, 2002a)...
February 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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