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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406657/using-latent-variable-and-person-centered-approaches-to-examine-the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-in-sex-offenders
#1
Sonja Krstic, Craig S Neumann, Sandeep Roy, Carrie A Robertson, Raymond A Knight, Robert D Hare
The current study employed both latent variable- and person-centered approaches to examine psychopathic traits in a large sample of sex offenders (N = 958). The offenders, who had committed a range of sexual crimes, had been assessed with the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003). Structural equation modeling results indicated that the four-factor model of psychopathy (Hare, 2003; Neumann, Hare, & Newman, 2007) provided good representation of the dimensional nature of psychopathic traits across the sample of offenders, and that the PCL-R factors significantly predicted sexual crimes...
April 13, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397568/the-neuropsychological-function-of-older-first-time-child-exploitation-material-offenders-a-pilot-study
#2
Marcelo Rodriguez, Andrew Ellis
Despite the growing incidence of child exploitation offences, there is little knowledge of the neuropsychological function of older child exploitation material offenders (CEMOs). Given that studies have reported that sex offenders demonstrate deficits attributed to frontal and temporal lobe function, the aim of this pilot study was to investigate the frontotemporal function of older first-time child exploitation material offenders (FTCEMOs). The neuropsychological performance of 11 older FTCEMOs was compared with 34 older historical sex offenders (HSOs) and 32 older nonsex offender (NSO) controls...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396896/-diagnostics-and-treatment-of-sex-offenders-in-psychiatric-forensic-committment-according-to-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-63%C3%A2-stgb-and-in-outpatient-prevention
#3
G Stolpmann, N Kahnt, I Müller, S Palmer, M Wernicke, V Wulf, K Jordan, J L Müller
In the following article similarities and differences concerning the treatment of sex offenders in the psychiatric forensic commitment (§ 63 German penal code) and of persons with a self-reported sexual interest in children, who were diagnosed and treated in the outpatient prevention of sexual abuse (PSM) in Göttingen are demonstrated. Diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics of outpatient prevention as well as the initial results of the evaluation of the Göttingen therapy manual are presented and differentiated from the normal treatment program in psychiatric forensic commitment...
April 10, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395194/neuroticism-as-a-risk-factor-for-child-abuse-in-victims-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#4
Coralie Boillat, Nathalie Schwab, Matthias Stutz, Marlon O Pflueger, Marc Graf, Timm Rosburg
Findings on the relationship of experienced sexual abuse and abuse behavior in adulthood are ambiguous. However, associations between experienced abuse and neuroticism as well as between neuroticism and active child abuse have been reported repeatedly. In our study, we compared pedosexual child abusers with consumers of internet child pornography and control subjects with adult-sexual preference with regard to traumatic childhood experience (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, CTQ), personality traits (NEO - Personality Inventory - Revised, NEO-PI-R), and sexual abnormalities (Multiphasic Sex Inventory, MSI)...
April 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390329/child-sexual-abuse-presenting-to-district-general-hospital-chilaw
#5
M D Chandrasiri, D K Wijewardena, S D Lanerolle, S E Chandrasiri, K P Wijewardena, R T Cooray
Introduction: Incidence of child sexual abuse is increasing worldwide. There is little data on child sexual abuse in the North Western Province of Sri Lanka. Objectives: To describe the demographic and medico-legal findings of victims of sexual abuse aged less than 16 years and to identify factors associated with positive findings on medical-legal examination. Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study, analysed 132 victims, referred by authorities to General Hospital,Chilaw, from 2012 to 2014...
March 31, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384711/association-between-deliberate-self-harm-and-violent-criminality
#6
Hanna Sahlin, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Johan Bjureberg, Paul Lichtenstein, Yasmina Molero, Mina Rydell, Erik Hedman, Bo Runeson, Jussi Jokinen, Brjánn Ljótsson, Clara Hellner
Importance: Individuals who self-harm may have an increased risk of aggression toward others, but this association has been insufficiently investigated. More conclusive evidence may affect assessment, treatment interventions, and clinical guidelines. Objective: To investigate the association between nonfatal self-harm and violent crime. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based longitudinal cohort study, conducted from January 1, 1997, through December 31, 2013, studied all Swedish citizens born between 1982 and 1998 who were 15 years and older (N = 1 850 252)...
April 5, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383984/correlates-of-admitted-sexual-interest-in-children-among-individuals-convicted-of-child-pornography-offenses
#7
Michael C Seto, Angela W Eke
Recent research on a risk assessment tool for child pornography offending suggests that admission of sexual interest in children is a risk factor for any sexual recidivism. Admission is easily vulnerable to lying, however, or to refusals to respond when asked about sexual interests. This may become a particular issue when individuals are concerned about the potential impact of admission of sexual interest on sentencing and other risk-related decisions. In this study, we identified the following behavioral correlates (coded yes/no) of admission of sexual interest in children in the risk tool development sample of 286 men convicted of child pornography offenses: (a) never married (54% of sample), (b) child pornography content included child sexual abuse videos (64%), (c) child pornography content included sex stories involving children (31%), (d) evidence of interest in child pornography spanned 2 or more years (55%), (e) volunteered in a role with high access to children (7%), and (f) engaged in online sexual communication with a minor or officer posing as a minor (10%)...
April 6, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372519/sex-offenders-in-prison-are-they-socially-isolated
#8
Chantal van den Berg, Karin Beijersbergen, Paul Nieuwbeerta, Anja Dirkzwager
Empirical literature has revealed that social isolation can affect the rehabilitation of sex offenders after serving their sentence. This process of social isolation can already start during incarceration due to strained relationships with fellow prisoners and correctional staff. The current study examined to what extent sex offenders felt socially isolated during incarceration, using survey and registered conviction data on a large sample of male adult prisoners from the Prison Project. It was found that support from and relationships with correctional officers and fellow prisoners were perceived less positive by sex offenders than nonsex offenders...
April 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368169/the-predictive-properties-of-dynamic-sex-offender-risk-assessment-instruments-a-meta-analysis
#9
Jan Willem van den Berg, Wineke Smid, Klaartje Schepers, Edwin Wever, Daan van Beek, Erick Janssen, Luk Gijs
This meta-analysis is the first to our knowledge to evaluate the predictive properties of dynamic sex offender risk assessment instruments, which are designed to assess factors associated with recidivism that are amenable to change. Based on 52 studies (N = 13,446), we found that dynamic risk assessment instruments have small-to-moderate predictive properties, with Cohen's d ranging between 0.71 for sexual recidivism (41 studies, 22 unique samples, N = 5,699) and 0.43 for violent (including sexual) recidivism (27 studies, 14 unique samples, N = 10,368)...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332261/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-approaches-in-the-treatment-of-sex-offenders-with-intellectual-disabilities
#10
Emma Jones, Eddie Chaplin
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable advance and growth in the evidence base for psychological interventions as treatment for sex offenders with intellectual disabilities (ID), there remains limited evidence to support their effectiveness. This systematic review seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of psychological interventions on reducing reoffending rates for sex offenders with ID. METHODS: A search of ten electronic databases, grey literature and reference lists was conducted using PRISMA methodology...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306545/scent-gland-constituents-of-the-middle-american-burrowing-python-loxocemus-bicolor-serpentes-loxocemidae
#11
Thies Schulze, Paul J Weldon, Stefan Schulz
Analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of the scent gland secretions of male and female Middle American burrowing pythons (Loxocemus bicolor) revealed the presence of over 300 components including cholesterol, fatty acids, glyceryl monoalkyl ethers, and alcohols. The fatty acids, over 100 of which were identified, constitute most of the compounds in the secretions and show the greatest structural diversity. They include saturated and unsaturated, unbranched and mono-, di-, and trimethyl-branched compounds ranging in carbon-chain length from 13 to 24...
March 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289783/estimating-the-risk-of-crime-and-victimisation-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-data-linkage-study
#12
Margaret Nixon, Stuart D M Thomas, Michael Daffern, James R P Ogloff
PURPOSE: People with intellectual disability (PWID) appear more likely to be victims and perpetrators of crime. However, extant evidence pertaining to these risks is limited by methodological weaknesses and the absence of consistent operational definitions. This research aimed to estimate the prevalence of criminal histories and victimisation using a large, well-defined sample of PWID. METHODS: A case-linkage study was conducted comprising 2220 PWID registered with disability services in Victoria, Australia, whose personal details were linked with a state-wide police database...
March 13, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284288/-court-ordered-therapy-the-case-of-sex-offenders-in-belgium
#13
Michèle Janssens
Following the Dutroux affair which rocked Belgium in 1996, the Belgian minister for justice signed cooperation agreements with the country's three regions (Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels-Capital), imposing on sex offenders therapy or treatment as an alternative to imprisonment. What legal programme is now in place for their management? Experience of the Brussels support centre.
March 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284287/-even-the-best-law-will-never-replace-reflection-in-the-field
#14
Jean-Pierre Bouchard
Implemented in 2006 by the French minister for health, the resource centres for people working with sex offenders (CRIAVS) provide support for professionals and non-professionals, concerned with transgressive sexual behaviour. They offer tools for legal, health and social professionals to facilitate the supervision of sex offenders. Florent Cochez, a psychiatrist and medical examiner, manager of the Aquitaine CRIAVS, describes in this interview the missions of these regional structures, their link with court-ordered therapy and his practice...
March 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284283/-the-interaction-between-the-judge-and-doctors-with-court-ordered-therapy
#15
Frédérique Iragnes
Faced with the increase in convictions for sex offences, legislators in the 1990s studied the possibility of monitoring these criminals and offenders, considered to be among the most dangerous, following their imprisonment. This resulted in the law of 17th June 1998, establishing socio-judicial supervision. Inspired by several high-profile cases, the resulting changes to the legislation have reinforced judicial measures aimed at preventing repeat offending with regard to the most serious crimes. Socio-judicial supervision in particular is routinely ordered as part of certain safety measures while court-ordered therapy has become a cornerstone in the management of the most dangerous prisoners...
March 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284208/violent-victimization-and-health-service-utilization-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-context-a-comparison-between-offenders-with-mental-disorders-and-matched-controls
#16
Mats Persson, Henrik Belfrage, Marianne Kristiansson
BACKGROUND: Offenders with mental disorders constitute a particularly exposed group in society, with high rates of morbidity, mortality, and social deprivation. Often thought of primarily as perpetrators, these individuals may also be subjected to violence. Previous research indicates that violent victimization during lifespan is a risk factor for violent perpetration among psychiatric patients, but victimization studies on the group of offenders with mental disorders are scarce. Health services are pivotal to this group, but although most individuals do utilize these services, their vulnerability seems to remain...
March 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265778/inhibiting-sexual-arousal-to-children-correlates-and-its-influence-on-the-validity-of-penile-plethysmography
#17
Kelly M Babchishin, Susan D Curry, J Paul Fedoroff, John Bradford, Michael C Seto
The current study examined the extent to which 1136 men were able to inhibit their sexual arousal on a phallometric assessment, when instructed to do so. Although the observed changes between the two conditions (i.e., Normal and Suppression) were small to moderate in magnitude, the change was not more than what would be expected by measurement error for most participants (e.g., 83% of pedophilic sex offenders against children did not successfully inhibit their sexual arousal in the Suppression condition). There were very few variables that were associated with the ability to suppress...
April 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242557/sensitive-dip-str-markers-for-the-analysis-of-unbalanced-mixtures-from-touch-dna-samples
#18
Fabio Oldoni, Vincent Castella, Frederic Grosjean, Diana Hall
Casework samples collected for forensic DNA analysis can produce genomic mixtures in which the DNA of the alleged offender is masked by high quantities of DNA coming from the victim. DIP-STRs are novel genetic markers specifically developed to enable the target analysis of a DNA of interest in the presence of exceeding quantities of a second DNA (up to 1000-fold). The genotyping system, which is based on allele-specific amplifications of haplotypes formed by a deletion/insertion polymorphism (DIP) and a short tandem repeat (STR), combines the capacity of targeting the DNA of an individual with a strong identification power...
February 14, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204921/the-impact-of-parental-offending-on-offspring-aggression-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-record-linkage-study
#19
Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Melissa J Green, Catherine Zheng, Maina Kariuki, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Kristin R Laurens
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of parental criminal offending, both paternal and maternal, on offspring aggression at age 5 years, while also considering key risk factors, including parental mental illness, child's sex, and socioeconomic disadvantage. METHODS: The sample comprised 69,116 children, with linked parental information, from the New South Wales Child Development Study, a population-based multi-agency, multi-generational record linkage study that combines information from a teacher-reported cross-sectional survey of early childhood development at age 5 years (the 2009 Australian Early Development Census; AEDC) with data obtained via administrative records from multiple sources (e...
February 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183224/volunteering-with-sex-offenders
#20
Nathan Kerr, Ruth J Tully, Birgit Völlm
The general public has been shown to hold negative attitudes toward sexual offenders, sex offender treatment, and the rehabilitation of sexual offenders. It appears pertinent to the success of sex offender management strategies that utilise volunteers that selected volunteers do not share these attitudes. Here, volunteers for Circles of Support and Accountability (CoSA), a community-based initiative supporting the reintegration of sex offenders, completed three validated psychometric measures assessing attitudes toward sex offenders in general and toward their treatment and rehabilitation...
January 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
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