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Anesthesiology, pharmacology, physiology, pain managment

B Pohl
Paediatric perioperative care represents specific challenges related to the distinct developmental, anatomic and physiological characteristics of children, requiring specialised expertise, including pharmacology. A specially trained anaesthesia team, an appropriate environment and appropriate paediatric-sized equipment (endotracheal tubes, cannulas) represent key factors in determining the perioperative outcome for this population. Other important equipment that must be adapted to the paediatric population include: Non-invasive anaesthesia monitoring equipment (ECG, blood pressure cuff, pulse oximetry, capnography, oxygen monitor, volatile gas concentration monitor, peripheral nerve stimulator and temperature probe); as well as specialised ventilators that allow pressure- and volume-controlled ventilation with volumes as low as 20 ml, variable high frequency ventilation up to 60 breaths per minute and paediatric ventilator hose systems with automatic correction for compliance...
December 2008: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
F A Khan, G A Hamdani
Career choice in medicine is influenced by several factors. Our aim was to look at reasons for choice of anesthesia as a career in a cohort of doctors applying for the residency training in a university hospital in a developing country. A semi-structured interview form is used in our department and includes a question related to career choice. Each applicant is interviewed by two faculty members independently. All interview forms between 1992 to 2004 were reviewed and the reason for choosing anesthesia was coded in different categories...
February 2007: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
M J Iadarola, R C Coghill
Brain imaging of pain has made remarkable strides in the past year and a half. The basic regional activation pattern after acute nociceptive stimulation is now fairly well clarified. The extension of imaging studies from normal subjects to include cohorts of pathological pain patients is occurring. The techniques of positron emission tomography, functional magnetic resonance imaging and single photon emission computed tomography have all been applied to the study of human pain processing and the assessment of physiological interventions or psychological manipulations...
October 1999: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
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