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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812447/the-role-of-the-family-in-hiv-status-disclosure-amongst-women-in-vietnam-familial-dependence-and-independence
#1
D T H Dinh, J L White, M Hipwell, T K C Nguyen, A Pharris
Insights into disclosure by PLWHA can inform strategies for treatment and support, yet Vietnamese women's self-disclosure patterns are poorly understood. We conducted interviews with 12 HIV-positive women, identifying three principal factors influencing disclosure to family members: patrilocal residence, desire to protect own family, and the need for financial support. Women's decision-making about disclosure was significantly affected by dependence on or independence of parents-in-law and their own parents...
August 16, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812239/social-status-discrimination-and-minority-individuals-mental-health-a-secondary-analysis-of-us-national-surveys
#2
Celia C Lo, Tyrone C Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Our study measured minority individuals' social status factors and frequency of discrimination experiences, in order to delineate social mechanisms linking race/ethnicity to mental status (specifically, to current mood/anxiety disorder and self-rated mental health). METHODS: In this nationally representative secondary research, our data analyses drew on the cross-sectional "Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys," dating 2001-2003. The sample for the final model numbered 9368 respondents (2016 Asians, 2676 Latinos, 4676 blacks)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811876/individual-quality-and-age-but-not-environmental-or-social-conditions-modulate-costs-of-reproduction-in-a-capital-breeder
#3
Lucie Debeffe, Jocelyn Poissant, Philip D McLoughlin
Costs associated with reproduction are widely known to play a role in the evolution of reproductive tactics with consequences to population and eco-evolutionary dynamics. Evaluating these costs as they pertain to species in the wild remains an important goal of evolutionary ecology. Individual heterogeneity, including differences in individual quality (i.e., among-individual differences in traits associated with survival and reproduction) or state, and variation in environmental and social conditions can modulate the costs of reproduction; however, few studies have considered effects of these factors simultaneously...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810499/the-relationship-between-negative-responses-to-hiv-status-disclosure-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-people-living-with-hiv
#4
Elena Cama, Loren Brener, Sean Slavin, John de Wit
This report examines rates of HIV status disclosure and negative responses to disclosure among people living with HIV in Australia. Among 697 people living with HIV, most (>90%) had disclosed their status to friends, sexual partners and health providers. Almost a third had not disclosed to family, and half had not told any work colleagues. Negative responses to disclosure (e.g. blame, rejection) by all groups were associated with increased HIV-related stigma, psychological distress and diminished social support and health satisfaction...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810488/the-effect-of-socioeconomic-status-and-social-inclusion-on-the-mental-health-of-chinese-migrants-a-comparison-between-interprovincial-and-intra-provincial-migrants
#5
Yingying Yi, Ying Liang
This article sought to explore the impacts of socioeconomic status and social inclusion on intra-provincial and interprovincial migrants' mental health by constructing the Bayesian structural equation model. A total of 14,584 migrants aged 15-59 years living in eight cities of China were selected. It was found that the impacts of socioeconomic status and social inclusion on mental health were converse for these two groups. And the manifest variables coefficients of socioeconomic status and social inclusion were also converse...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810455/comparison-group-matters-for-chronic-stress-effects-of-subjective-social-status
#6
Ashley M Geiger, Clemens Kirschbaum, Jutta M Wolf
Inconsistent associations between health and measures of subjective social status compared to one's community suggest that how people define community may matter. This study broke down community into status among neighborhood and friends/family to assess the impact of each domain on chronic stress in individuals differing in socioeconomic status (18 employed and 18 unemployed individuals). The findings suggest that for ratings of subjective social status, the social and physical proximity of the reference group matters...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810416/is-disclosure-a-privilege-race-and-disclosure-patterns-of-hepatitis-c
#7
Alicia E Suarez
Research suggests that decisions to disclose hepatitis C status are affected by individual and interpersonal factors. However, no existing studies have examined the role of race in disclosure, despite the potential implications of being doubly marginalized on the basis of both race and hepatitis C status. Drawing on qualitative research with 53 persons with hepatitis C in the Southeastern United States, findings indicate that participants practiced four patterns of disclosure: activist disclosure, open disclosure, limited disclosure, and reluctant disclosure...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810382/age-moderates-the-relationship-between-source-of-social-support-and-mental-health-in-racial-minority-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-youth
#8
Anna E Wise, Brian C Smith, Aaron P Armelie, Jessica M Boarts, Douglas L Delahanty
We examined the relationship between source of social support and mental health (and the moderating impact of age) in 64 low socioeconomic status, racial minority lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescents/young adults. Social support from family ( β = -.302, p = .03; β = -.364, p = .008), but not friends or significant others, was independently related to posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms, respectively. Family social support was associated with lower posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms in participants aged 16-19 years, while friend social support was associated with lower symptoms for participants aged over 20 years...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809774/high-prevalence-of-concurrent-male-male-partnerships-in-the-context-of-low-human-immunodeficiency-virus-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-bamako-mali
#9
Avi Hakim, Padmaja Patnaik, Nouhoum Telly, Tako Ballo, Bouyagui Traore, Seydou Doumbia, Maria Lahuerta
BACKGROUND: Concurrent male-male sexual partnerships have been understudied in sub-Saharan Africa and are especially important because human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence and acquisition probability are higher among men who have sex with men (MSM) than among heterosexual men and women. METHODS: We conducted a respondent-driven sampling survey of 552 men who have sex with men in Bamako, Mali from October 2014 to February 2015. Eligibility criteria included 18 years or older, history of oral or anal sex with another man in the last 6 months, residence in or around Bamako in the last 6 months, ability to communicate in French...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809602/fertility-preservation-and-sexual-health-after-cancer-therapy
#10
Nigel Pereira, Glenn L Schattman
Recent developments in cancer diagnostics and treatments have considerably improved long-term survival rates. Despite improvements in chemotherapy regimens, more focused radiotherapy and diverse surgical options, cancer treatments often have gonadotoxic side-effects that can manifest as loss of fertility or sexual dysfunction, particularly in young cancer survivors. In this review, we focus on two pertinent quality-of-life issues in female cancer survivors of reproductive age-fertility preservation and sexual function...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809175/the-use-of-data-analytics-to-build-an-australian-context-sensitive-health-informatics-framework-for-consumer-directed-community-aged-care
#11
Andrew Georgiou, Mikaela Jorgensen, Joyce Siette, Johanna I Westbrook
The challenge of providing services that meet the growing needs of an ageing population is one confronted by communities across Australia and internationally. The aim of this study was to: a) undertake semi-structured interviews and focus groups across a sample of service and technical staff to identify the interconnection between communication, information, work practices and performance; and b) carry out a comprehensive review of existing data sources to identify the data linkages required to identify and monitor performance across different dimensions of the quality of aged care spectrum...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808115/human-papillomavirus-in-oropharyngeal-cancer-in-canada-analysis-of-5-comprehensive-cancer-centres-using-multiple-imputation
#12
Steven Habbous, Karen P Chu, Harold Lau, Melissa Schorr, Mathieos Belayneh, Michael N Ha, Scott Murray, Brian O'Sullivan, Shao Hui Huang, Stephanie Snow, Matthew Parliament, Desiree Hao, Winson Y Cheung, Wei Xu, Geoffrey Liu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of oropharyngeal cancer has risen over the past 2 decades. This rise has been attributed to human papillomavirus (HPV), but information on temporal trends in incidence of HPV-associated cancers across Canada is limited. METHODS: We collected social, clinical and demographic characteristics and p16 protein status (p16-positive or p16-negative, using this immunohistochemistry variable as a surrogate marker of HPV status) for 3643 patients with oropharyngeal cancer diagnosed between 2000 and 2012 at comprehensive cancer centres in British Columbia (6 centres), Edmonton, Calgary, Toronto and Halifax...
August 14, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808093/are-disagreements-in-caregiver-and-patient-assessment-of-patient-health-associated-with-increased-caregiver-burden-in-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-cancer
#13
Tina Hsu, Matthew Loscalzo, Rupal Ramani, Stephen Forman, Leslie Popplewell, Karen Clark, Vani Katheria, Rex Strowbridge, Redmond Rinehart, Dan Smith, Keith Matthews, Jeff Dillehunt, Tao Feng, David Smith, Canlan Sun, Arti Hurria
BACKGROUND: As patients age, caregivers increasingly provide essential support and patient information. We sought to determine if patient-caregiver assessments of patient health differ and if differences contribute to burden in caregivers of older adults with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients, aged ≥65, and their caregivers independently assessed patient function, comorbidity, nutrition, social activity, social support, and mental health. Caregivers completed the Caregiver Strain Index (CSI)...
August 14, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807893/optimizing-the-use-of-electronic-health-records-to-identify-high-risk-psychosocial-determinants-of-health
#14
Nicolas Michel Oreskovic, Jennifer Maniates, Jeffrey Weilburg, Garry Choy
BACKGROUND: Care coordination programs have traditionally focused on medically complex patients, identifying patients that qualify by analyzing formatted clinical data and claims data. However, not all clinically relevant data reside in claims and formatted data. Recently, there has been increasing interest in including patients with complex psychosocial determinants of health in care coordination programs. Psychosocial risk factors, including social determinants of health, mental health disorders, and substance abuse disorders, are less amenable to rapid and systematic data analyses, as these data are often not collected or stored as formatted data, and due to US Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulations are often not available as claims data...
August 14, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806930/factors-associated-with-change-in-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-older-people-data-from-the-physical-activity-cohort-scotland-study
#15
Clare L Clarke, Falko F Sniehotta, Thenmalar Vadiveloo, Ishbel S Argo, Peter T Donnan, Marion E T McMurdo, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional relationships between physical activity and health have been explored extensively, but less is known about how physical activity changes with time in older people. The aim of this study was to assess baseline predictors of how objectively measured physical activity changes with time in older people. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study using data from the Physical Activity Cohort Scotland. A sample of community-dwelling older people aged 65 and over were recruited in 2009-2011, then followed up 2-3 years later...
August 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806921/using-classification-and-regression-tree-modelling-to-investigate-response-shift-patterns-in-dentine-hypersensitivity
#16
Carolina Machuca, Mario V Vettore, Marta Krasuska, Sarah R Baker, Peter G Robinson
BACKGROUND: Dentine hypersensitivity (DH) affects people's quality of life (QoL). However changes in the internal meaning of QoL, known as Response shift (RS) may undermine longitudinal assessment of QoL. This study aimed to describe patterns of RS in people with DH using Classification and Regression Trees (CRT) and to explore the convergent validity of CRT with the then-test and ideals approaches. METHODS: Data from an 8-week clinical trial of mouthwashes for dentine hypersensitivity (n = 75) using the Dentine Hypersensitivity Experience Questionnaire (DHEQ) as the outcome measure, were analysed...
August 14, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#17
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806194/paliperidone-palmitate-3-month-treatment-results-in-symptomatic-remission-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-randomized-multicenter-double-blind-and-noninferiority-study
#18
Adam J Savitz, Haiyan Xu, Srihari Gopal, Isaac Nuamah, David Hough, Maju Mathews
The current analysis assessed symptomatic and functional remission achieved following paliperidone palmitate 3-month (PP3M) versus 1-month (PP1M) treatment in patients (age: 18-70 years) with schizophrenia, previously stabilized on PP1M. Following a less than or equal to 3-week screening, and a 17-week, flexible-dosed, open-label phase [PP1M: day 1 (150 mg eq. deltoid), day 8 (100 mg eq. deltoid), weeks 5, 9, and 13 (50, 75, 100, or 150 mg eq., deltoid/gluteal)], clinically-stable patients were randomized (1 : 1) to PP3M (fixed-dose, 175, 263, 350, or 525 mg eq...
August 11, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805639/development-and-evolution-of-brain-allometry-in-wasps-vespidae-size-ecology-and-sociality
#19
REVIEW
Sean O'Donnell, Susan Bulova
We review research on brain development and brain evolution in the wasp family Vespidae. Basic vespid neuroanatomy and some aspects of functional neural circuitry are well-characterized, and genomic tools for exploring brain plasticity are being developed. Although relatively modest in terms of species richness, the Vespidae include species spanning much of the known range of animal social complexity, from solitary nesters to highly eusocial species with some of the largest known colonies and multiple reproductives...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805490/low-employment-and-low-willingness-of-being-reemployed-in-chinese-working-age-maintained-hemodialysis-patients
#20
Bihong Huang, Bihong Lai, Ling Xu, Ying Wang, Yanpei Cao, Ping Yan, Jing Chen
AIM: Returning to society plays an important role in improving the quality of life in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, and retention of employment is one of the core enablers. The study is to assess the employment status and to determine the variables for unemployment in Chinese MHD patients. METHODS: Prevalent MHD patients from four dialysis centers in Shanghai China were enrolled. We assessed patients' employment status, current social functioning, hemodialysis modality, annual income and general health condition...
November 2017: Renal Failure
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