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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230254/resistance-to-valproic-acid-as-predictor-of-treatment-resistance-in-genetic-generalized-epilepsies
#1
Joanna Gesche, Marina Khanevski, Carl Solberg, Christoph Patrick Beier
This study aimed at defining clinical predictors of drug resistance in adults with genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE) who were treated with a broad spectrum of antiepileptic drugs. Of a cohort of 137 unselected adult GGE patients with long-term follow up, clinical and demographic data, putative prognostic factors (e.g., psychiatric comorbidities, electroencephalography [EEG]), treatment response, and data indicative of social status were collected. Fifty-eight patients had seizures within the past year. Thirty-three patients met the definition of "drug-resistant epilepsy" according to the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) definition...
February 23, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228573/grace-under-pressure-a-drama-based-approach-to-tackling-mistreatment-of-medical-students
#2
Karen M Scott, Špela Berlec, Louise Nash, Claire Hooker, Paul Dwyer, Paul Macneill, Jo River, Kimberley Ivory
A positive and respectful learning environment is fundamental to the development of professional identities in healthcare. Yet medical students report poor behaviour from healthcare professionals that contradict professionalism teaching. An interdisciplinary group designed and implemented a drama-based workshop series, based on applied theatre techniques, to help students develop positive professional qualities and interpersonal skills to deal with challenges in the healthcare setting. We piloted the workshops at the University of Sydney in 2015...
March 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228466/health-and-social-exclusion-in-older-age-evidence-from-understanding-society-the-uk-household-longitudinal-study
#3
Amanda Sacker, Andy Ross, Catherine A MacLeod, Gopal Netuveli, Gill Windle
BACKGROUND: Social exclusion of the elderly is a key policy focus but evidence on the processes linking health and social exclusion is hampered by the variety of ways that health is used in social exclusion research. We investigated longitudinal associations between health and social exclusion using an analytical framework that did not conflate them. METHODS: Data employed in this study came from 4 waves of Understanding Society, the UK Household Longitudinal Study 2009-2013...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228140/should-co-payments-for-financially-deprived-patients-be-lowered-primary-care-physicians-perspectives-using-a-mixed-methods-approach-in-a-survey-study-in-tokyo
#4
Machiko Inoue, Yuko Kachi
BACKGROUND: Japan's stagnant economy has produced increasing income disparities, and the effect of poverty on health and health-care utilization is a significant issue. Co-payments could be a trade-off for patients when seeking medical care and limit health-care utilization. We sought primary care physicians' experiences in dealing with financially deprived patients and their perspectives about reducing co-payments by low-income patients. METHODS: We used a convergent mixed-methods approach in a mail survey; it was distributed to 1989 primary care physicians practicing in areas with the highest proportions of socially disadvantaged individuals in Tokyo...
February 22, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227871/detection-of-collaborative-activity-with-kinect-depth-cameras
#5
Loic Sevrin, Norbert Noury, Nacer Abouchi, Fabrice Jumel, Bertrand Massot, Jacques Saraydaryan, Loic Sevrin, Norbert Noury, Nacer Abouchi, Fabrice Jumel, Bertrand Massot, Jacques Saraydaryan, Fabrice Jumel, Jacques Saraydaryan, Loic Sevrin, Bertrand Massot, Nacer Abouchi, Norbert Noury
The health status of elderly subjects is highly correlated to their activities together with their social interactions. Thus, the long term monitoring in home of their health status, shall also address the analysis of collaborative activities. This paper proposes a preliminary approach of such a system which can detect the simultaneous presence of several subjects in a common area using Kinect depth cameras. Most areas in home being dedicated to specific tasks, the localization enables the classification of tasks, whether collaborative or not...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225745/predictors-of-nonhospitalization-and-functional-response-in-clozapine-treatment-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Ole Köhler-Forsberg, Henriette T Horsdal, Sophie E Legge, James H MacCabe, Christiane Gasse
BACKGROUND: Clozapine remains the only evidence-based treatment for treatment-resistant schizophrenia, and prediction of clozapine response is important in developing stratified treatment. We studied potential predictors of clozapine response, applying functional assessments as well as service use. PROCEDURES: We performed a nationwide cohort study among all individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia in Denmark after 1995 (age, ≥18 years) who initiated clozapine treatment between 2004 and 2011 with a Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF-F) score registered at clozapine initiation...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224500/automated-estimation-of-mouse-social-behaviors-based-on-a-hidden-markov-model
#7
Toshiya Arakawa, Akira Tanave, Aki Takahashi, Satoshi Kakihara, Tsuyoshi Koide, Takashi Tsuchiya
Recent innovations in sensing and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) have enabled researchers in animal behavior to collect an enormous amount of data. Consequently, the development of an automated system to substitute for some of the observations and analyses that are performed currently by expert researchers is becoming a crucial issue so that the vast amount of accumulated data can be processed efficiently. For this purpose, we introduce a process for the automated classification of the social interactive status of two mice in a square field on the basis of a Hidden Markov model (HMM)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224422/satisfaction-of-village-doctors-with-the-township-and-village-health-services-integration-policy-in-the-western-minority-inhabited-areas-of-china
#8
Da Feng, Liang Zhang, Yuan-Xi Xiang, Dong-Lan Zhang, Ruo-Xi Wang, Shang-Feng Tang, Hang Fu, Bo-Yang Li
Township and Village Health Services Integration Management (TVHSIM) is an essential form of China's two-tiered health service integration plan at the township and village level. Its main purpose, also one of the target goals in China's new healthcare reform, is to gradually integrate rural health services and appropriately allocate rural health resources. This study aims to assess the village doctors' satisfaction with the TVHSIM and provide scientific base to further improve TVHSIM. A cross-sectional study was carried out in which 162 village doctors from Qinghai, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang in western China were interviewed...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223838/factors-associated-with-body-mass-index-among-slum-dwelling-women-in-india-an-analysis-of-the-2005-2006-indian-national-family-health-survey
#9
Maya Laxmi Patel, Raywat Deonandan
BACKGROUND: Urbanization is increasing around the world, and in India, this trend has translated into an increase in the size of slum dwellings whose environments are suspected of being associated with poor health outcomes, particularly those relating to women's nutritional status. With this study, we sought to determine the factors associated with Indian women's body mass index (BMI) in slum environments, with special attention paid to women with tribal status. METHODS: A multiple linear regression analysis was performed on data from the Indian National Family Health Survey (2005-2006), modeling demographic and behavioral factors suspected of being associated with BMI, with additional focus on the measures of social class, specifically caste and tribal status...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223792/asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome-in-the-us-a-prospective-population-based-analysis-of-patient-reported-outcomes-and-health-care-utilization
#10
Carlos A Vaz Fragoso, Terrence E Murphy, George O Agogo, Heather G Allore, Gail J McAvay
BACKGROUND: Prior work suggests that asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS) has a greater health burden than asthma alone or COPD alone. In the current study, we have further evaluated the health burden of ACOS in a nationally representative sample of the US population, focusing on patient-reported outcomes and health care utilization and on comparisons with asthma alone and COPD alone. Patient-reported outcomes are especially meaningful, as these include functional activities that are highly valued by patients and are the basis for patient-centered care...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223434/spatial-analysis-of-regional-factors-and-lung-cancer-mortality-in-china-1973-2013
#11
Xiaoping Shen, Limin Wang, Li Zhu
BACKGROUND: China's lung cancer crude death rate has increased 6.9-fold from 1973 to 2014. During this time, the country experienced extremely rapid economic growth and social change. It is important to understand the effects of risk factors on Lung Cancer Mortality (LCM) for better allocation of limited resources of cancer prevention and control in China. METHODS: Using three nationwide mortality surveys from 1973 to 2005, Global Health Data Exchange data in 2013, three nationwide smoking surveys from 1984 to 2013, four population censuses from 1964 to 2000, and other datasets, we have compiled datasets and developed spatial random effect models to assess the association of various area level contributing factors on LCM...
February 21, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222908/reports-of-child-sexual-abuse-of-boys-and-girls-longitudinal-trends-over-a-20-year-period-in-victoria-australia
#12
Ben Mathews, Leah Bromfield, Kerryann Walsh, Qinglu Cheng, Rosana E Norman
Although prevalence studies show girls are more frequently sexually abused than boys, a significant proportion of boys also experience child sexual abuse (CSA). The challenges for public policy are amplified for boys due to less developed public and professional sensitisation to boys' experiences, conceptions of masculinity, and less research on boys including into reporting trends and outcomes. We conducted a 20-year longitudinal time-trend analysis of government data to identify reporting trends and report outcomes for CSA in Victoria, Australia from 1993 to 2012...
February 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222722/a-longitudinal-study-on-determinants-of-hpv-vaccination-uptake-in-parents-guardians-from-different-ethnic-backgrounds-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands
#13
Catharina J Alberts, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff, Yvonne Hazeveld, Hester E de Melker, Marcel F van der Wal, Astrid Nielen, Fatima El Fakiri, Maria Prins, Theo G W M Paulussen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage in the Netherlands is low (~60%) compared to other childhood vaccinations (>90%), and even lower among ethnic minorities. The aim of this study was to explore the possible impact of ethnicity on the determinants of both HPV vaccination intention and HPV vaccination uptake among parents/guardians having a daughter that is invited for the HPV vaccination. METHODS: In February 2014, parents/guardians living in Amsterdam were invited to complete a questionnaire about social-psychological determinants of their decision making process regarding the HPV vaccination of their daughter and socio-demographic characteristics...
February 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222689/family-centred-interventions-by-primary-healthcare-services-for-indigenous-early-childhood-wellbeing-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-scoping-review
#14
Janya McCalman, Marion Heyeres, Sandra Campbell, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Chamberlain, Natalie Strobel, Alan Ruben
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare services in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have embraced the concept of family-centred care as a promising approach to supporting and caring for the health of young Indigenous children and their families. This scoping review assesses the quality of the evidence base and identifies the published literature on family- centred interventions for Indigenous early childhood wellbeing. METHODS: Fourteen electronic databases, grey literature sources and the reference lists of Indigenous maternal and child health reviews were searched to identify relevant publications from 2000 to 2015...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222339/everyday-memory-impairment-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-caused-by-hippocampal-sclerosis
#15
Patrícia Rzezak, Ellen Marise Lima, Ana Carolina Gargaro, Erica Coimbra, Silvia de Vincentiis, Tonicarlo Rodrigues Velasco, João Pereira Leite, Geraldo F Busatto, Kette D Valente
OBJECTIVE: Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy caused by hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS) have episodic memory impairment. Memory has rarely been evaluated using an ecologic measure, even though performance on these tests is more related to patients' memory complaints. We aimed to measure everyday memory of patients with TLE-HS to age- and gender-matched controls. METHODS: We evaluated 31 patients with TLE-HS and 34 healthy controls, without epilepsy and psychiatric disorders, using the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (RBMT), Visual Reproduction (WMS-III) and Logical Memory (WMS-III)...
February 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222118/social-structural-behavioral-and-clinical-factors-influencing-retention-in-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-care-in-mississippi
#16
Trisha Arnold, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Philip A Chan, Amaya Perez-Brumer, Estefany S Bologna, Laura Beauchamps, Kendra Johnson, Leandro Mena, Amy Nunn
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a biomedical intervention that can reduce rates of HIV transmission when taken once daily by HIV-negative individuals. Little is understood about PrEP uptake and retention in care among the populations most heavily impacted by the HIV epidemic, particularly among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in the Deep South. Therefore, this study explored the structural, social, behavioral, and clinical factors that affect PrEP use and retention in care among YMSM in Jackson, Mississippi...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222090/ehealth-literacy-and-partner-involvement-in-treatment-decision-making-for-men-with-newly-diagnosed-localized-prostate-cancer
#17
Lixin Song, Kimberly Tatum, Giselle Greene, Ronald C Chen
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine how the eHealth literacy of partners of patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer affects their involvement in decision making, and to identify the factors that influence their eHealth literacy.
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional exploratory study.
. SETTING: North Carolina.
. SAMPLE: 142 partners of men with newly diagnosed localized prostate cancer. 
. METHODS: A telephone survey and descriptive and multiple linear regression analyses were used...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220714/is-maternal-education-a-social-vaccine-for-childhood-malaria-infection-a-cross-sectional-study-from-war-torn-democratic-republic-of-congo
#18
Cary Ma, Kasereka Masumbuko Claude, Zacharie Tsongo Kibendelwa, Hannah Brooks, Xiaonan Zheng, Michael Hawkes
In zones of violent conflict in the tropics, social disruption leads to elevated child mortality, of which malaria is the leading cause. Understanding the social determinants of malaria transmission may be helpful to optimize malaria control efforts. We conducted a cross-sectional study of healthy children aged 2 months to 5 years attending well-child and/or immunization visits in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Six hundred and forty-seven children were tested for malaria antigenemia by rapid diagnostic test and the accompanying parent or legal guardian simultaneously completed a survey questionnaire related to demographics, socioeconomic status, maternal education, as well as bednet use and recent febrile illness...
February 21, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220372/the-history-of-women-in-dermatology
#19
Esra Kural, Maria Grazia Roccia, Katlein França, Torello Lotti, Michael Tirant, Massimo Fioranelli
In the past and present, the status of men is often superior to women in most developing countries and it has a negative effect on the social development of these countries. If women are educated as men in a society, then this society can advance rapidly since the effect of educated women influence the quality of life and health in a positive way and not only for those women, but younger generations who follow them as well. This article reviews the history of some remarkable women in dermatology.
February 20, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220086/students-wearing-police-uniforms-exhibit-biased-attention-toward-individuals-wearing-hoodies
#20
Ciro Civile, Sukhvinder S Obhi
Police provide an essential public service and they often operate in difficult circumstances, requiring high-speed cognition. Recent incidents involving apparent profiling and aggressive behavior have led to accusations that the police are sometimes biased. Given that previous research has shown a link between clothing and cognition, we investigated the question of whether the police uniform itself might induce a bias in social attention. To address this question, and using a Canadian university student sample, we assessed whether wearing a police uniform biases attention toward black faces compared to white faces, and low-status individuals compared to high-status individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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