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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933235/thailand-s-universal-coverage-scheme-and-its-impact-on-health-seeking-behavior
#1
Seung Chun Paek, Natthani Meemon, Thomas T H Wan
BACKGROUND: Thailand's Universal Coverage Scheme (UCS) has improved healthcare access and utilization since its initial introduction in 2002. However, a substantial proportion of beneficiaries has utilized care outside the UCS boundaries. Because low utilization may be an indication of a policy gap between people's health needs and the services available to them, we investigated the patterns of health-seeking behavior and their social/contextual determinants among UCS beneficiaries in the year 2013...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933010/differential-recall-bias-intermediate-confounding-and-mediation-analysis-in-life-course-epidemiology-an-analytic-framework-with-empirical-example
#2
Mashhood A Sheikh, Birgit Abelsen, Jan Abel Olsen
The mechanisms by which childhood socioeconomic status (CSES) affects adult mental health, general health, and well-being are not clear. Moreover, the analytical assumptions employed when assessing mediation in social and psychiatric epidemiology are rarely explained. The aim of this paper was to explain the intermediate confounding assumption, and to quantify differential recall bias in the association between CSES, childhood abuse, and mental health (SCL-10), general health (EQ-5D), and subjective well-being (SWLS)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932551/antigen-unmasking-enhances-visualization-efficacy-of-the-oocyte-activation-factor-phospholipase-c-zeta-in-mammalian-sperm
#3
Junaid Kashir, Luke Buntwal, Michail Nomikos, Brian L Calver, Panagiotis Stamatiadis, Peter Ashley, Vyronia Vassilakopoulou, David Sanders, Paul Knaggs, Evangelia Livaniou, Adnan Bunkheila, Karl Swann, F Anthony Lai
STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to improve clinical visualization of phospholipase C zeta (PLCζ) as a diagnostic marker of sperm oocyte activation capacity and male fertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Poor PLCζ visualization efficacy using current protocols may be due to steric or conformational occlusion of native PLCζ, hindering antibody access, and is significantly enhanced using antigen unmasking/retrieval (AUM) protocols. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mammalian oocyte activation is mediated via a series of intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)) oscillations induced by sperm-specific PLCζ...
December 8, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932080/vitamin-c-impacts-anxiety-like-behavior-and-stress-induced-anorexia-relative-to-social-environment-in-smp30-gnl-knockout-mice
#4
Miwako Koizumi, Yoshitaka Kondo, Ayumi Isaka, Akihito Ishigami, Emiko Suzuki
The role of endogenous vitamin C (VC) in emotion and psychiatric measures has long been uncertain. We aimed to investigate how an individual's VC status impacts his or her mental health. Our hypothesis is that body VC levels modulate anxiety, anorexia, and depressive phenotypes under the influence of psychosocial rearing environments and sex. The VC status of senescence marker protein-30/gluconolactonase knockout mice, which lack the ability to synthesize VC, were continuously shifted from adequate (VC+) to depleted (VC-) by providing a water with or without VC...
November 17, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932013/socio-economic-inequalities-in-health-and-health-service-use-among-older-adults-in-india-results-from-the-who-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-survey
#5
E M Brinda, J Attermann, U G Gerdtham, U Enemark
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to measure socio-economic inequalities in self-reported health (SRH) and healthcare visits and to identify factors contributing to health inequalities among older people aged 50-plus years. STUDY DESIGN: This study is based on a population-based, cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We accessed data of 7150 older adults from the World Health Organization's Study on Global AGEing and adult health Indian survey...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932011/child-physical-development-in-the-uk-the-imprint-of-time-and-socioeconomic-status
#6
B H Apouey
OBJECTIVES: Social health inequalities remain a key policy challenge. The existing literature has not presented a synthetic view on the evolution of inequalities in physical development across childhood. We examine social disparities as children grow older using a range of different outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based secondary data analysis. METHODS: We employ longitudinal data on British children aged 9 months to 12 years from the Millennium Cohort Study (n = 13,811-18,987) and focus on multiple child physical measures: weight, body mass index (BMI), overweight, fat mass and waist circumference...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931988/linking-hearing-impairment-employment-and-education
#7
I Garramiola-Bilbao, A Rodríguez-Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact that hearing impairment and other relevant variables have on the education and employment situation of those affected by it in the Principality of Asturias, Spain. METHODS: To achieve this objective, two discrete choice models (probit) are presented. The first one associates, among other variables, hearing impairment with the individual's employment status and in the second model, an ordered multinomial probit model is used to analyse, among other variables, how the impairment affects the individual's level of studies...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931767/blood-and-urinary-levels-of-metals-and-metalloids-in-the-general-adult-population-of-northern-france-the-imepoge-study-2008-2010
#8
Catherine Nisse, Romuald Tagne-Fotso, Mike Howsam, Camille Richeval, Laurence Labat, Ariane Leroyer
BACKGROUND: The assessment of human chemical risks related to occupational or environmental exposure to pollutants requires the use of both accurate exposure indicators and reference values. The objective of this study was to evaluate the blood and urinary levels of various metals and metalloids in a sample of adults aged 20-59 years of the general population of Northern France, a formerly heavily industrialised area that retains some industrial activity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between 2008 and 2010, enrolling 2000 residents of Northern France...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931338/health-care-provider-perspectives-on-tuberculosis-care-for-foreign-born-populations-in-new-york-city
#9
J R Zelnick, M R O'Donnell, S D Ahuja, A Chua, J Sullivan Meissner
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) in foreign-born patients is a key determinant of TB epidemiology in low-burden settings. In New York City (NYC), foreign-born TB populations are heterogeneous and face diverse challenges in accessing care. OBJECTIVE: To characterize barriers and facilitators to health care services and identify potential mechanisms to improve TB care for foreign-born patients in NYC. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews with health care providers identified through the NYC TB registry and snowball sampling...
December 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931268/an-epidemiological-analysis-of-equine-welfare-data-from-regulatory-inspections-by-the-official-competent-authorities
#10
P L Hitchens, J Hultgren, J Frössling, U Emanuelson, L J Keeling
Determining welfare status in a population is the first step in efforts to improve welfare. The primary objective of this study was to explore a new epidemiological approach for analysis of data from official competent authorities that pertain to compliance with animal welfare legislation. We reviewed data already routinely collected as part of Swedish official animal welfare inspections for 2010-13, using a checklist containing 45 checkpoints (CPs). These covered animal-, resource- and management-based measures of equine welfare...
December 9, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931232/retention-in-georgia-opioid-substitution-therapy-program-and-associated-factors
#11
Ekaterine Ruadze, Khatuna Todadze
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse has been considered as a growing challenge in Georgia that is closely linked with human immune deficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C transmission due to unsafe injection and other uncontrolled behaviors. Methadone maintenance therapy is one of the major treatment options for opioid-dependent individuals. It has proven efficacy in decreasing illegal opioid consumption and criminal behavior as well as reducing the level of HIV infection, mortality, HCV infection, and increasing social functioning...
December 8, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930908/medial-prefrontal-cortex-updates-its-status
#12
Mina Cikara, Samuel J Gershman
How does the brain infer social status? A new study by Kumaran et al. (2016) identifies a region of the medial prefrontal cortex that, in concert with the amygdala and hippocampus, subserves updating of probabilistic beliefs about the status of individuals in a social hierarchy.
December 7, 2016: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930904/computations-underlying-social-hierarchy-learning-distinct-neural-mechanisms-for-updating-and-representing-self-relevant-information
#13
Dharshan Kumaran, Andrea Banino, Charles Blundell, Demis Hassabis, Peter Dayan
Knowledge about social hierarchies organizes human behavior, yet we understand little about the underlying computations. Here we show that a Bayesian inference scheme, which tracks the power of individuals, better captures behavioral and neural data compared with a reinforcement learning model inspired by rating systems used in games such as chess. We provide evidence that the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) selectively mediates the updating of knowledge about one's own hierarchy, as opposed to that of another individual, a process that underpinned successful performance and involved functional interactions with the amygdala and hippocampus...
December 7, 2016: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930613/project-shikamana-baseline-findings-from-a-community-empowerment-based-combination-hiv-prevention-trial-among-female-sex-workers-in-iringa-tanzania
#14
Deanna Kerrigan, Jessie Mbwambo, Samuel Likindikoki, Sarah Beckham, Ard Mwampashi, Catherine Shembilu, Andrea Mantsios, Anna Leddy, Wendy Davis, Noya Galai
BACKGROUND: Community empowerment approaches have been found to be effective in responding to HIV among female sex workers (FSWs) in South Asia and Latin America. To date, limited rigorous evaluations of these approaches have been conducted in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A phase II community randomized controlled trial is being conducted in Iringa, Tanzania, to evaluate the effectiveness of a community empowerment-based combination HIV prevention model (Project Shikamana) among a stratified sample of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected FSWs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930599/the-hiv-care-cascade-among-female-sex-workers-in-zimbabwe-results-of-a-population-based-survey-from-the-sisters-antiretroviral-therapy-programme-for-prevention-of-hiv-an-integrated-response-sapph-ire-trial
#15
Frances M Cowan, Calum Davey, Elizabeth Fearon, Phillis Mushati, Jeffrey Dirawo, Valentina Cambiano, Sue Napierala Mavedzenge, Dagmar Hanisch, Ramona Wong-Gruenwald, Milton Chemhuru, Nyasha Masuka, Karin Hatzold, Owen Mugurungi, Joanna Busza, Andrew Phillips, James R Hargreaves
INTRODUCTION: Female sex workers (FSW) in sub-Saharan Africa have a higher prevalence of HIV than other women of reproductive age. Social, legal, and structural barriers influence their access to care. Little is known about the HIV diagnosis and care cascade in most countries in southern Africa. We aimed to describe the HIV diagnosis and care cascade among FSW in Zimbabwe. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional respondent driven sampling (RDS) surveys of FSW in 14 sites across Zimbabwe as the baseline for a cluster-randomised controlled trial investigating a combination HIV prevention and care package...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929690/comparison-of-the-center-for-epidemiology-studies-depression-scale-and-beck-depression-inventory-for-research-with-latinas
#16
Melinda Bogardus
U.S. Latino farmworkers face multiple potential stressors. Research on the mental health status of this U.S. Latino subgroup has suggested high prevalence of stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms when compared to other groups. Latina farmworkers may be at greater risk than their male counterparts for poor mental health because they confront many of the same stressors but may experience additional difficulties including domestic violence, taking on new roles and responsibilities on top of traditional ones, and being expected to maintain the health and integrity of their families at the expense of their own needs...
December 8, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929612/effects-of-cumulative-herpesviridae-and-toxoplasma-gondii-infections-on-cognitive-function-in-healthy-bipolar-and-schizophrenia-subjects
#17
Nora Hamdani, Claire Daban-Huard, Ophelia Godin, Hakim Laouamri, Stéphane Jamain, Dodji Attiba, Marine Delavest, Jean-Pierre Lépine, Philippe Le Corvoisier, Josselin Houenou, Jean-Romain Richard, Robert H Yolken, Rajagopal Krishnamoorthy, Ryad Tamouza, Marion Leboyer, Faith B Dickerson
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are associated with cognitive impairment leading to social disruption. While previous studies have focused on the effect of individual infectious exposure, namely, Herpesviridae viruses or Toxoplasma gondii (T gondii), on cognitive functioning, the objective of the present study was to examine the effect of multiple infections on cognitive functioning in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and in healthy controls. METHODS: Seropositivity to herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and T gondii was related to cognitive status among 423 participants (recruited between 2008 and 2014; 138 patients with bipolar disorder, 105 patients with schizophrenia [DSM-IV criteria], and 180 healthy controls) for episodic verbal memory (California Verbal Learning Test), working memory (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, third edition), and premorbid intelligence quotient (National Adult Reading Test)...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929335/intergenerational-transmission-of-socioeconomic-position-and-ideal-cardiovascular-health-32-year-follow-up-study
#18
Kateryna Savelieva, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Markus Jokela, Laura Diane Kubzansky, Marko Elovainio, Vera Mikkilä, Tuija Tammelin, Markus Juonala, Olli T Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic position (SEP) in childhood predicts cardiovascular health in adulthood but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Using a longitudinal study design, we examined the extent to which adult SEP acts as a pathway (mediator) connecting childhood SEP with adult cardiovascular health, and if upward social mobility mitigates the health-effects of early low SEP. METHOD: The sample comprised 697 participants from a prospective Finnish cohort followed during 32 years...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929330/differential-relationships-between-social-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms-by-hiv-status-and-racial-ethnic-identity
#19
Timothy J Williamson, Zanjbeel Mahmood, Taylor P Kuhn, April D Thames
OBJECTIVE: Historically marginalized groups are likely to be exposed to social adversity, which predicts important mental health outcomes (e.g., depression). Despite the well-established relationship between adversity and poor health, few studies have examined how adversity differentially predicts mental health among people living with multiple, co-occurring marginalized identities or statuses. The current study fills this gap by examining whether relationships between social adversity and depressive symptoms differed between those living with or without a stigmatized disease (i...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928895/impact-of-hallux-valgus-related-of-quality-of-life-in-women
#20
Patricia Palomo-López, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo, Daniel López-López
The purpose of this study is to analyse and compare the impact of hallux valgus (HV) in a sample of adult women with varying degrees of HV scores obtained with regard to foot health and health in general. A total 100 female patients of mean age 43·04 ± 16·84 years who attended a podiatric clinic were asked to answer a questionnaire. The degree of deformity, HV, was determined on both feet of the patients using the Manchester Scale tool and the scores from the Foot Health Status Questionnaire were compared...
December 7, 2016: International Wound Journal
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