Read by QxMD icon Read


Scott E Belanger, Jane M Rawlings, Ricky Stackhouse
Short to long chain alcohols have a range of ecotoxicity to aquatic life driven by hydrophobic interactions with biological membranes. Carbon chain length and octanol:water partitioning coefficients are surrogates for hydrophobicity and strongly relate to aquatic toxicity. In these investigations, the toxicity of ethanol to 1-n-dodecanol to juvenile fish in standard acute toxicity tests is reviewed. Toxicity tests employing fish embryos (zebrafish Danio rerio and fathead minnow Pimephales promelas) in the Fish Embryo Test (OECD 236) format were conducted from C2 to C10 to compare against standard juvenile fish toxicity...
April 25, 2018: Chemosphere
Solmaz Marzooghi, Bryson E Finch, William A Stubblefield, Dominic M Di Toro
The toxicity of petroleum can increase considerably when exposed to solar radiation. It occurs when certain components in the mixture, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), absorb light in ultraviolet and visible portions of the solar radiation spectrum. A phototoxic target lipid model (PTLM), previously developed to predict phototoxicity of single PAHs, is validated for four species: Americamysis bahia, Rhepoxynius abronius, Daphnia magna, and Pimephales promelas exposed to 12 compounds that are components of petroleum, including alkylated PAHs and dibenzothiophene...
May 19, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Charlotte Hurel, Cécile Bignon, Cynthia Said-Mohamed, Sonia Amigoni, Thierry Devers, Frederic Guittard
Effects of functionalization and grafting of TiO2 , CeO2 , and SiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) were investigated, and toxicity of pristine, functionalized, and grafted NP towards Daphnia magna was measured. Surface functionalization of NP with amine groups decreased hydrophobicity of NP. When NPs were hydrophilic, they were less toxic than hydrophobic NP towards D. magna. Grafting agents influenced toxicity: no toxicity of NP was observed when bio-based and hydrogenated synthetic polymers were used, whereas perfluorinated polymers induced a higher toxicity...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Bruno Campos, Danielle Fletcher, Benjamín Piña, Romà Tauler, Carlos Barata
BACKGROUND: Unravelling the link between genes and environment across the life cycle is a challenging goal that requires model organisms with well-characterized life-cycles, ecological interactions in nature, tractability in the laboratory, and available genomic tools. Very few well-studied invertebrate model species meet these requirements, being the waterflea Daphnia magna one of them. Here we report a full genome transcription profiling of D. magna during its life-cycle. The study was performed using a new microarray platform designed from the complete set of gene models representing the whole transcribed genome of D...
May 18, 2018: BMC Genomics
Zhuanxi Luo, Mengting Li, Zhenhong Wang, Jinli Li, Jianhua Guo, Ricki R Rosenfeldt, Frank Seitz, Changzhou Yan
The impact of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-TiO2 ) on the bioavailability of metals in aquatic filter-feeding organisms has rarely been investigated, especially in the presence of algae as a food source. In this study, we quantified the accumulation and subcellular distribution of arsenate (AsV ) in Daphnia magna in the presence of nano-TiO2 and a green alga (Scenedesmus obliquus) food source. Results showed that S. obliquus significantly increased the accumulation of total arsenic (As) and titanium (Ti) in D...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Andreas Fettweis, Karel De Schamphelaere, Erik Smolders
Ecological interactions and abiotic stress factors may significantly affect species sensitivities to toxicants and these are not incorporated in standard single species tests. This study tests the hypothesis if a model, calibrated solely on single species data, can explain abiotic stress factors in a two-species microcosm, a test applied to the effects of nutritional stress (phosphorus (P)-limitation) on zinc (Zn) toxicity to Daphnia magna. A population model was developed based on P- and Zn-dependent algal and daphnid growth...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Amit Kumar Sinha, Michael A Eggleton, Rebecca T Lochmann
Cyanobacterial blooms and their associated toxins are growing issues for many aquatic resources, and pose a major threat to human health and ecological welfare. To control cyanobacterial blooms and their toxins, the efficacy of a newly developed granular compound (sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate 'SCP', trade name 'PAK® 27' algaecide) containing hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) as the active ingredient was investigated. First, the dose efficacy of the SCP that corresponded to 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0, 5.0 and 8...
May 10, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Hassan Aslani, Tayebeh Ebrahimi Kosari, Simin Naseri, Ramin Nabizadeh, Mohammad Khazaei
Hexavalent chromium is a highly toxic metal that can enter drinking water sources. Chitosan, which contains amino and hydroxyl functional groups, is considered an appropriate candidate to remove heavy metals through absorption. In this study, a novel adsorbent, magnetic nanoparticles of chitosan modified with polyhexamethylene biguanide (Ch-PHMB NPs) was synthesized and was used to successfully remove chromium from aqueous solution. Quadratic models with independent variables including pH, adsorbent dosage, time, and the initial concentration of chromium were proposed through RSM to describe the behavior of both magnetic chitosan (M-Ch) and Ch-PHMB NPs in Cr(VI) removal...
May 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Małgorzata Grzesiuk, Damian Mielecki, Tomasz Pilżys, Damian Garbicz, Michał Marcinkowski, Elżbieta Grzesiuk
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195366.].
2018: PloS One
Stephanie A Eytcheson, Gerald A LeBlanc
Nitrogenous compounds enter the environment through various anthropogenic sources. Among these are nitrate (NO3 - ) and nitrite (NO2 - ) which can oxidize the heme moiety of hemoglobin and reduce the oxygen-carrying capacity of the molecule resulting in toxicity. Of the two anions, nitrite is more toxic. Hemoglobin levels are influenced by environmental conditions; thus, we hypothesized that hemoglobin levels would influence the toxicity of nitrite with low hemoglobin levels resulting in enhanced toxicity and high hemoglobin levels resulting in reduced toxicity...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
West M Bishop, Ben E Willis, Robert J Richardson, W Gregory Cope
Copper-based algaecides are routinely applied to target noxious algal blooms in freshwaters. Standard toxicity testing data with copper suggest typical concentrations used to control algae can cause deleterious acute impacts to non-target organisms. These "clean" water experiments lack algae, which are specifically targeted in field applications of algaecides and contain competing ligands. This research measured the influence of algae on algaecide exposure and subsequent response of the non-target species Daphnia magna to copper sulfate and an ethanolamine-chelated copper algaecide (Captain®)...
May 7, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Alyson R Ribeiro, Bernd Sures, Torsten C Schmidt
The release of antibiotics into the environment may lead to deleterious effects in non-target organisms as well as pressure in antimicrobial resistance acquirement. Ceftiofur (CEF) and cefapirin (CEPA) are veterinary cephalosporins used for recurrent and economically relevant infections. Both antibiotics have been detected in aquatic environments and their fate during drinking water processing is still unknown. This work investigated the acute and chronic toxicities of CEF and CEPA towards aquatic organisms including stability tests...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Nathalie Lécrivain, Vincent Aurenche, Nathalie Cottin, Victor Frossard, Bernard Clément
The lake littoral sediment is exposed to a large array of contaminants that can exhibit significant spatial variability and challenge our ability to assess contamination at lake scale. In this study, littoral sediment contamination was characterized among ten different sites in a large peri-alpine lake (Lake Bourget) regarding three groups of contaminants: 6 heavy metals, 15 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and 7 polychlorinated biphenyls. The contamination profiles significantly varied among sites and differed from those previously reported for the deepest zone of the lake...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Martin Ogonowski, Ulrica Edlund, Elena Gorokhova, Margareta Linde, Karin Ek, Birgitta Liewenborg, Oda Könnecke, Julien R G Navarro, Magnus Breitholtz
Cellulose nanofibril (CNF)-based materials are increasingly used in industrial and commercial applications. However, the impacts of CNF on aquatic life are poorly understood, and there are concerns regarding their potential toxicity. Using a combination of standard ecotoxicological tests and feeding experiments, we assessed the effects of CNF exposure (0.206-20.6 mg/L) on the feeding (food uptake and gut residence time) and life-history traits (growth and reproduction) in the cladoceran Daphnia magna. No mortality was observed in a 48 h acute exposure at 2060 mg/L...
May 6, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Gayathri Jaikumar, Jan Baas, Nadja R Brun, Martina G Vijver, Thijs Bosker
Microplastics (<5 mm, MP) are ubiquitously distributed in the environment, causing increasing concern regarding their potential toxicity to organisms. To date, most research has focussed on the impacts of MPs on marine and estuarine organisms, with fewer studies focussing on the effects of microplastics on freshwater ecosystems, especially under different environmental conditions. In the present study, the sensitivity of two temperate Cladoceran species, Daphnia magna and Daphnia pulex, and a smaller tropical species Ceriodaphnia dubia, to primary microplastics (PMP) and secondary (weathered) microplastics (SMP) was assessed...
April 30, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Estefania Quenta Herrera, Jérôme Casas, Olivier Dangles, Sylvain Pincebourde
Understanding the effects of temperature on prey-predator interactions is a key issue to predict the response of natural communities to climate change. Higher temperatures are expected to induce an increase in predation rates. However, little is known on how temperature influences close-range encounter of prey-predator interactions, such as predator's attack velocities. Based on the speed-accuracy trade-off concept, we hypothesized that the increase in predator attack velocity by increasing temperature reduces the accuracy of the attack, leading to a lower probability of capture...
April 2018: Ecology and Evolution
K Natan Hoefnagel, E H J Lisenka de Vries, Eelke Jongejans, Wilco C E P Verberk
Ectotherms tend to grow faster, but reach a smaller size when reared under warmer conditions. This temperature-size rule (TSR) is a widespread phenomenon. Despite the generality of this pattern, no general explanation has been found. We therefore tested the relative importance of two proposed mechanisms for the TSR: (1) a stronger increase in development rate relative to growth rate at higher temperatures, which would cause a smaller size at maturity, and (2) resource limitation placing stronger constraints on growth in large individuals at higher temperatures, which would cause problems with attaining a large size in warm conditions...
April 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Chizue Hiruta, Keiichi Kakui, Knut E Tollefsen, Taisen Iguchi
The microcrustacean Daphnia pulex is an important model for environmental, ecological, evolutionary and developmental genomics because its adaptive life history displays plasticity in response to environmental changes. Even though the whole-genome sequence is available and omics data have actively accumulated for this species, the available tools for analyzing gene function have thus far been limited to RNAi (RNA interference) and TALEN (the transcription activator-like effector nuclease) systems. The development of the CRISPR/Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated 9) system is thus expected to further increase the genetic tractability of D...
May 2, 2018: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
Jiewei Deng, Wenying Li, Qiuxia Yang, Yaohui Liu, Ling Fang, Yunhua Guo, Peng-Ran Guo, Li Lin, Yunyun Yang, Tiangang Luan
Lipidomics is a significant way to understand the structural and functional roles that lipids play in biological systems. Although many mass spectrometry (MS)-based lipidomics strategies have recently achieve remarkable results, in vivo, in situ, and microscale lipidomics for small biological organisms and cells have not yet been obtained. In this article, we report a novel lipidomics methodology for in vivo, in situ, and microscale investigation of small biological organisms and cells using biocompatible surface-coated probe nanoelectrospray ionization mass spectrometry (BSCP-nanoESI-MS)...
April 30, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Aline Ferain, Nancy De Saeyer, Yvan Larondelle, Jean-François Rees, Cathy Debier, Karel A C De Schamphelaere
Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) affect zooplankton fitness and ability to cope with environmental stressors. However, the impact of LC-PUFAs on zooplankton sensitivity to chemical stressors is unknown. Here, we aimed to document the interaction between EPA and cadmium (Cd), as model chemical stressor, in Daphnia magna. A life-history experiment was performed in which daphnid neonates were raised into adulthood on three diets of different lipid composition: (i) algae mix; (ii) algae mix supplemented with control liposomes; (iii) algae mix supplemented with liposomes containing EPA...
April 17, 2018: Chemosphere
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"