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epiretinal membrane

M M Bikbov, R R Fayzrakhmanov, M R Kalanov
PURPOSE: To compare morpho-functional parameters of retina during vitrectomy with and without internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 55 patients (55 eyes) that had underwent vitreoretinal surgery in the setting of antivasoproliferative therapy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Patients of the 1st group (n=27) underwent vitrectomy with silicone tamponade, 2nd group (n=28) received similar treatment with the addition of ILM peeling...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Daniela Aneta Starosta, Birgit Lorenz
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a genetic condition with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance and incomplete penetrance. It is characterized by multiple benign tumors of the central and peripheral nervous system including astrocytomas, ependymomas, meningeomas, and schwannomas, among which bilateral vestibular schwannomas are the most frequent. Among ocular manifestations of NF2, juvenile subcapsular cataract is the most common followed by epiretinal membranes and combined hamartomas of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium...
March 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Fatih Yenihayat, Berna Özkan, Murat Kasap, V Levent Karabaş, Nil Güzel, Gürler Akpınar, Dilara Pirhan
PURPOSE: To determine the cytokine levels in vitreous samples of diabetic macular edema (DME) patients in comparison with nondiabetic patients, and to evaluate the effect of subretinal fluid on the cytokine levels of vitreous samples. METHODS: In this prospective case-control study, 11 eyes of 11 patients with DME and subretinal fluid, 11 eyes of 11 patients with DME without subretinal fluid, and 14 eyes of 14 patients who had undergone vitreoretinal surgery for the epiretinal membrane or a macular hole (control group) were evaluated...
March 9, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Hirotsugu Takashina, Akira Watanabe, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
Background and Objective: To evaluate full-thickness macular hole (MH) formation in the postoperative period after initial vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (rRD). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 4 consecutive eyes that required additional vitrectomy for full-thickness MH between April 2013 and March 2016 after undergoing an initial vitrectomy for rRD. Results: Epiretinal membrane (ERM) was identified by preoperative optical coherence tomography or intraoperative dye staining in each case...
September 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Komal M Joshi, Manjot K Gill
Purpose: To report the only known case, to our knowledge, of amiodarone induced retinal phototoxicity following vitrectomy surgery. Observations: A 66-year-old male presented with visual acuity of 20/150 OS secondary to an epiretinal membrane (ERM). Patient was on oral amiodarone for atrial fibrillation. Baseline spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) revealed an ERM with retinal thickening and schisis. The patient underwent an uncomplicated pars plana vitrectomy and membrane peel using standard vitrectomy settings and illumination...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
John P Ansah, Victoria Koh, Dirk F de Korne, Steffen Bayer, Chong Pan, Jayabaskar Thiyagarajan, David B Matchar, Ecosse Lamoureux, Desmond Quek
INTRODUCTION: Singapore's ageing population is likely to see an increase in chronic eye conditions in the future. This study aimed to estimate the burden of eye diseases among resident Singaporeans stratified for age and ethnicity by 2040. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prevalence data on myopia, epiretinal membrane (ERM), retinal vein occlusion (RVO), age macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy (DR), cataract, glaucoma and refractive error (RE) by age cohorts and educational attainment from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases (SEED) study were applied to population estimates from the Singapore population model...
January 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Mihori Kita, Yuki Mori, Sachiyo Hama
Purpose: To introduce a hybrid wide-angle viewing-endoscopic vitrectomy, which we have reported, using a 3D visualization system developed recently. Subjects and methods: We report a single center, retrospective, consecutive surgical case series of 113 eyes that underwent 25 G vitrectomy (rhegmatogenous retinal detachment or proliferative vitreoretinopathy, 49 eyes; epiretinal membrane, 18 eyes; proliferative diabetic retinopathy, 17 eyes; vitreous opacity or vitreous hemorrhage, 11 eyes; macular hole, 11 eyes; vitreomacular traction syndrome, 4 eyes; and luxation of intraocular lens, 3 eyes)...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Neha Goel, Vinod Kumar, Supriya Arora, Pooja Jain, Basudeb Ghosh
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe macular changes in treatment-naïve eyes with Eales disease using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods: A cross-sectional study was done on 79 eyes of 66 patients with Eales disease. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp biomicroscopy (SLB), indirect ophthalmoscopy, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), and quantitative (central macular thickness [CMT]) and qualitative analysis on SD-OCT were performed...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Henry L Feng, Sumit Sharma, Sandra Stinnett, Sanjay Asrani, Prithvi Mruthyunjaya
PURPOSE: To assess posterior segment findings on multicolor confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy by correlation with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to quantify agreement between these imaging modalities. METHODS: Retrospective review of 159 eyes of 96 consecutive patients who underwent concurrent imaging with multicolor confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and SD-OCT. Positive percent agreement and negative percent agreement were calculated for each finding identified on infrared, green, blue, and multicolor reflectance images using SD-OCT as a comparator...
February 22, 2018: Retina
Abdallah A Ellabban, Ajay D Patil, Mark T Costen, Atiq R Babar
Purpose: To describe a patient with acute central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) during vitrectomy surgery and the possible role of vitrectomy in acute CRAO management. Observations: An 84-year-old man presented with broad vitreomacular traction and epiretinal membrane in the right eye. Preoperative assessment clearly showed normal retinal vasculature. On starting vitrectomy, complete CRAO with marked segmentation of all retinal vessels was noted. Vitrectomy was performed in the usual manner and once the posterior hyaloid detached from the disc, immediate complete revascularization of the retinal vessels was noted...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Christoph Leisser, Nino Hirnschall, Christoph Hackl, Birgit Döller, Ralph Varsits, Marlies Ullrich, Katharina Kefer, Rigal Karl, Oliver Findl
PURPOSE: Epiretinal membranes (ERM) are macular disorders leading to loss of vision and metamorphopsia. Vitrectomy with membrane peeling displays the gold standard of care. Aim of this study was to assess risk factors for postoperative intraretinal cystoid changes in a study population randomized for balanced salt solution and air-tamponade at the end of surgery. METHODS: A prospective randomized study, including 69 eyes with idiopathic ERM. Standard 23-gauge three-port pars plana vitrectomy with membrane peeling, using intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT), was performed...
February 20, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Hideo Akiyama, Danjie Li, Yukitoshi Shimoda, Hidetaka Matsumoto, Shoji Kishi
PURPOSE: To describe the relationship between the vitreous and the neovascularization of the disc (NVD) using swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. METHODS: We examined 17 eyes of 11 consecutive patients diagnosed as NVD associated with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). The location of the NVD feeder or collector vessels were examined by using RTVue XR Avanti. To determine the condition of the posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) and the proliferative tissue of the NVD, we performed 12 mm horizontal and vertical scans through the disc using SS-OCT...
February 19, 2018: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
I Temblador-Barba, E M Delgado-Alonso, M Toribio-García, L Martínez-Campillo, I Molina-Leyva, M Martínez-Jiménez
CASE REPORT: Here we report a 19-year-old female patient who presented a vasoproliferative tumour. It caused complications, such as epiretinal membrane, macular oedema, vitreous haemorrhage, and exudative retinal detachment. The patient was treated with 3 injections of intravitreal bevacizumab, an intravitreal dexamethasone implant, tocilizumab, and double freeze-thaw cryotherapy. DISCUSSION: Therapeutic options are: observation, if it is small, if it is a peripheral lesion, and if there seems to be no threat to vision...
February 16, 2018: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
D Wilkin Parke, Flora Lum
PURPOSE: To investigate the rate of return to the operating room after vitrectomy surgery to treat macular hole or epiretinal membrane. DESIGN: A retrospective registry cohort. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals receiving care in ophthalmology practices participating in the Academy IRIS (Intelligent Research in Sight) Registry. METHODS: Data from the IRIS Registry were analyzed for patients who underwent vitrectomy for macular holes or epiretinal membranes...
February 14, 2018: Ophthalmology
D Heinrich, S Bohnacker, M A Nasseri, N Feucht, C P Lohmann, M Maier
BACKGROUND: High-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is a gold standard technique for diagnosis, management and monitoring of patients with vitreoretinal diseases. Preoperative diagnostics for evaluation of intraocular and retinal status in patients with vitreous haemorrhage are limited, thus final therapeutic decisions can only be made during explorative vitrectomy. We evaluated the use of intraoperative SD-OCT (iSD-OCT) as a real-time additional diagnostic tool during explorative vitrectomy in patients with vitreous haemorrhage...
February 15, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Hui Chen, Xiongze Zhang, Nanying Liao, Lan Mi, Yuting Peng, Bing Liu, Shaochong Zhang, Feng Wen
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the association between nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome-induced inflammation and disease severity in diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: Blood samples were collected from 64 patients with diabetes (DR, 43; without DR, 21) and 25 healthy controls. The protein and mRNA expression levels of NLRP3 inflammasomes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were determined using western blotting and quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR...
February 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Mario R Romano, Gilda Cennamo, Chiara Comune, Michela Cennamo, Mariantonia Ferrara, Luca Rombetto, Giovanni Cennamo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of a three-dimensional heads-up microscope (3DM) during 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) compared with a traditional ophthalmic microscope (TM) in terms of efficacy, safety, and teaching and learning satisfaction. METHODS: Prospective comparative interventional study. Fifty eyes affected by one of the following diseases: rhegmatogenous or tractional retinal detachment, epiretinal membrane, full-thickness macular hole, vitreous hemorrhage, or dropped lens...
February 15, 2018: Eye
Akira Hirata, Kazuhisa Murata, Ken Hayashi, Kei-Ichiro Nakamura
Purpose: To reevaluate the effect of internal limiting membrane peeling during vitrectomy on the Müller cell damage, we examined the ultrastructure of the internal limiting membrane by using focused ion beam/scanning electron microscopy (FIB/SEM). Methods: A total of 12 internal limiting membranes obtained during surgery in both the macular hole and the idiopathic epiretinal membrane groups were processed for observation by FIB/SEM. Three-dimensional structures of the internal limiting membrane were analyzed...
February 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
Hyung-Bin Lim, Jae-Yun Sung, Seung-Il Ahn, Young-Joon Jo, Jung-Yeul Kim
SIGNIFICANCE: Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measurements may be influenced by the range and severity of lesions that are observed distinctively in each retinal disease. PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of various macular (central serous chorioretinopathy, macular hole, epiretinal membrane, wet age-related macular degeneration) and retinal vascular (branch retinal vein occlusion, central retinal vein occlusion, diabetic macular edema) diseases on peripapillary RNFL thickness measurements using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography...
March 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Abdullah Ozkaya, Gurkan Erdogan, Beril Tulu, Hatice Nur Tarakcioglu
PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of subtotal vitrectomy in epiretinal membrane (ERM) and idiopathic macular hole (IMH) surgeries. METHODS: The patients who underwent vitrectomy for primary ERM and IMH were included. After the truncation of posterior hyaloid, cortical vitreous was incompletely removed and anterior vitreous was left in place. The main outcome measure was the complications of the surgical technique during the postoperative 12 months of follow-up...
February 7, 2018: International Ophthalmology
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