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Catatonia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718758/resignation-syndrome-is-it-a-new-phenomenon-or-is-it-catatonia
#1
Sandra P Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718720/phenomenal-insights-catatonia-a-matter-of-positioning-ideas
#2
Cornelia Kaufmann, Neelya Agalawatta, Marc Masson, Gin S Malhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710304/hyponatraemia-associated-catatonia
#3
Eimear McGuire, Mythily Yohanathan, Leona Lally, Geraldine McCarthy
This is a case report highlighting the impact of low sodium levels on one's mental status. For the first time in the literature, we see two discrete episodes of catatonia associated with hyponatraemia occurring in the same patient. On both occasions, his serum sodium levels were depleted; he became profoundly psychotic with catatonic symptoms. Recovery, with complete resolution of all symptoms, was associated with normalisation of these levels. This case exemplifies the profound effect that electrolyte imbalances, in particular sodium depletion can have on a patient's mental status and is for the first time, we see this effect on two temporally unrelated occasions in the same patient...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691306/to-define-melancholia-follow-the-path-of-catatonia-commentary-by-invitation-on-parker-bassett-outhred-et%C3%A2-al-2017-defining-melancholia-a-core-mood-disorder
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659239/a-causality-algorithm-to-guide-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-catatonia-due-to-autoimmune-conditions-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Vladimir Ferrafiat, Marie Raffin, Elena Freri, Tiziana Granata, Nardo Nardocci, Federica Zibordi, Nicolas Bodeau, Xavier Benarous, Bertrand Olliac, Elise Riquin, Jean Xavier, Sylvie Viaux, Julien Haroche, Zahir Amoura, Priscille Gerardin, David Cohen, Angèle Consoli
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric catatonia is a rare and life-threatening syndrome. Around 20% of juvenile catatonia is associated with organic condition (Consoli et al., 2012). Autoimmune conditions represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge since specific antibodies can be missed. To facilitate decision making, we recently formulated a causality assessment score (CAUS) using a stepwise approach and an immunosuppressive therapeutic challenge (Ferrafiat et al., 2016). Our objectives were to validate retrospectively CAUS and to define its threshold for an accurate distinction between organic catatonia and non-organic catatonia, and specifically between autoimmune catatonia and non-organic catatonia...
June 25, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658010/refractory-catatonia-due-to-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-responsive-to-electroconvulsive-therapy-the-clinical-use-of-the-clock-drawing-test
#6
Michel Medina, Joseph J Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658008/intravenous-midazolam-as-a-diagnostic-test-for-catatonia
#7
Feras Ali Mustafa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647110/success-of-tardive-electroconvulsive-therapy-sessions-after-loxapine-induced-malignant-syndrome-in-the-context-of-very-poor-metabolisation
#8
Juliette Descoeur, Laurent Philibert, Kevin Chalard, Jérôme Attal, Pierre Petit, Kada Klouche, Mathieu Olivier
We report the success of tardive electroconvulsive therapy in a case of loxapine malignant syndrome with catatonia. Loxapine and its metabolites were measured in biological samples by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Genes were studied by sequencing and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Plasmatic drug concentrations showed a supratherapeutic concentration of loxapine with a very low 8-hydroxyloxapine/loxapine ratio (range from 0.32 to 0.66, normal value>2 for 100mg) and a very long elimination half-life of loxapine (half-life>140h, normal value from 1 to 4hours)...
May 29, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640169/the-use-of-lorazepam-and-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-catatonia-treatment-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-60-patients
#9
Ahmet Unal, Abdurrahman Altindag, Bahadir Demir, Ihsan Aksoy
OBJECTIVES: Lorazepam and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) are effective treatments for catatonia. However, systematic data on these treatments in catatonia are limited. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the clinical and treatment-related characteristics of patients with catatonia who underwent lorazepam and/or ECT. METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2016, we received 60 patients with catatonia hospitalized in the Gaziantep University Faculty of Medicine Clinic of Psychiatry...
June 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639007/is-electroconvulsive-therapy-an-evidence-based-treatment-for-catatonia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Arnaud Leroy, Florian Naudet, Guillaume Vaiva, Andrew Francis, Pierre Thomas, Ali Amad
We aimed to review and discuss the evidence-based arguments for the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the treatment of catatonia. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies focusing on the response to ECT in catatonia were selected in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov and Current Controlled Trials through October 2016 and qualitatively described. Trials assessing pre-post differences using a catatonia or clinical improvement rating scale were pooled together using a random effect model...
June 21, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633719/a-case-of-recurrent-hypersomnia-with-autonomic-dysfunction
#11
Mandana Mahmoudi, Daniel Friedman, Martina Vendrame, Sanjeev V Kothare
We report the case of a 50-year-old man with disabling recurrent hypersomnia with autonomic instability due to catatonia in the setting of atypical bipolar disorder. Treatment with valproic acid for bipolar disorder resulted in complete resolution of symptoms.
July 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615768/the-phenomenology-and-treatment-response-in-catatonia-a-hospital-based-descriptive-study
#12
Sarada Prasanna Swain, Sushree Sangita Behura, Manoj Kumar Dash
BACKGROUND: Literatures regarding clinical symptomatology and treatment response of catatonia are very few. OBJECTIVE: To assess onset, clinical profile, diagnostic break up, treatment response and outcome in patients diagnosed as Catatonia, reported to a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in indoor of Mental Health Institute (Centre of Excellence), S.C.B. Medical College, between March 2015 to March 2016...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610803/catatonia-is-not-schizophrenia-and-it-is-treatable
#13
Francisco J Appiani, Gonzalo S Castro
Catatonia is a cluster of motor features that appears in many recognized psychiatric illnesses, that according to the DSM-5 it is not linked as a subtype to schizophrenia anymore. The classic signs are mutism, a rigid posture, fixed staring, stereotypic movements, and stupor, which are all part of a broad psychopathology that may be found in affective, thought, neurological, toxic, metabolic and immunological disorders. Despite the many etiologies, catatonia may be a life-threatening condition with a specific treatment...
June 10, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578181/catatonia-in-an-inpatient-gerontopsychiatric-population
#14
R Takács, M Asztalos, G S Ungvari, G Gazdag
There are limited data on the prevalence of catatonia in the elderly. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of catatonia in elderly patients (=/> 65 years) acutely admitted to the psychiatric unit of a general hospital. All patients aged 65 years and above admitted to a general hospital psychiatric unit over a 4-month period were screened for catatonia with the 14-item Bush-Francis Catatonia Screening Instrument (BFCSI). Patients with a minimum of 2 symptoms on the BFCSI were rated with the 23-item Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS)...
May 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555009/acute-regression-in-young-people-with-down-syndrome
#15
Clotilde Mircher, Cécile Cieuta-Walti, Isabelle Marey, Anne-Sophie Rebillat, Laura Cretu, Eliane Milenko, Martine Conte, Franck Sturtz, Marie-Odile Rethore, Aimé Ravel
Abstract: Adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome (DS) can present a rapid regression with loss of independence and daily skills. Causes of regression are unknown and treatment is most of the time symptomatic. We did a retrospective cohort study of regression cases: patients were born between 1959 and 2000, and were followed from 1984 to now. We found 30 DS patients aged 11 to 30 years old with history of regression. Regression occurred regardless of the cognitive level (severe, moderate, or mild intellectual disability (ID))...
May 27, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553118/psychosis-in-parkinsonism-an-unorthodox-approach
#16
REVIEW
Marco Onofrj, Danilo Carrozzino, Aurelio D'Amico, Roberta Di Giacomo, Stefano Delli Pizzi, Astrid Thomas, Valeria Onofrj, John-Paul Taylor, Laura Bonanni
Psychosis in Parkinson's disease (PD) is currently considered as the occurrence of hallucinations and delusions. The historical meaning of the term psychosis was, however, broader, encompassing a disorganization of both consciousness and personality, including behavior abnormalities, such as impulsive overactivity and catatonia, in complete definitions by the International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Our review is aimed at reminding that complex psychotic symptoms, including impulsive overactivity and somatoform disorders (the last being a recent controversial entity in PD), were carefully described in postencephalitic parkinsonism (PEP), many decades before dopaminergic treatment era, and are now described in other parkinsonisms than PD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545782/autoimmune-encephalopathy-for-psychiatrists-when-to-suspect-autoimmunity-and-what-to-do-next
#17
REVIEW
Mark Oldham
OBJECTIVE: To provide a critical review of autoimmune encephalopathy-broadly defined as neuropsychiatric features directly related to an autoimmune process-relevant for psychiatric practice. METHODS: We consulted rheumatology textbooks to define the scope of autoimmune conditions and identified recent reviews of rheumatic conditions, autoimmune vasculitis, and autoimmune encephalitis. We integrated these with primary reports to provide a clinically relevant overview of autoimmune encephalopathy...
May 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533149/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-catatonia-on-admission-to-an-acute-geriatric-psychiatry-ward
#18
Jorge Cuevas-Esteban, Maria Iglesias-González, Maria Rubio-Valera, Jordi Serra-Mestres, Antoni Serrano-Blanco, Luisa Baladon
BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe the prevalence of catatonia in a population of older acute psychiatric inpatients according to different diagnostic criteria. Secondary objectives are: to compare the catatonic symptom profile, prevalence, and severity, in respect to the underlying aetiology, and to evaluate the association between catatonic and somatic comorbidity. METHODS: The study included 106 patients admitted to an acute geriatric psychiatry ward. Catatonia was assessed using the Bush Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS)...
May 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492457/the-role-of-amantadine-withdrawal-in-3-cases-of-treatment-refractory-altered-mental-status
#19
Leah D Fryml, Kristen R Williams, Christopher G Pelic, James Fox, Gregory Sahlem, Sophie Robert, Gonzalo J Revuelta, Edward Baron Short
Amantadine, which was originally developed as an antiviral medication, functions as a dopamine agonist in the central nervous system and consequently is utilized in the treatment of Parkinson disease, drug-induced extrapyramidal reactions, and neuroleptic malignant syndrome. For reasons that are not entirely understood, abrupt changes in amantadine dosage can produce a severe withdrawal syndrome. Existing medical literature describes case reports of amantadine withdrawal leading to delirium, which at times has progressed to neuroleptic malignant syndrome...
May 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491312/neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-following-catatonia-vigilance-is-the-price-of-antipsychotic-prescription
#20
Thomas J Reilly, Sean Cross, David M Taylor, Richard Haslam, Sophie C Tomlin, Benjamin Gaastra
OBJECTIVES: To describe a case of neuroleptic malignant syndrome following antipsychotic treatment of catatonia, highlighting the potentially serious complications of this rare adverse drug reaction. METHODS: We present a case report of a patient who developed this syndrome with various sequelae. RESULTS: The patient developed neuroleptic after being treated with lorazepam and olanzapine for catatonia. He subsequently developed the complications of rhabdomyolysis, acute kidney injury, pulmonary embolism, urinary retention and ileus...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
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