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Catatonia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818505/schizophrenia-with-prominent-catatonic-features-a-selective-review
#1
Gabor S Ungvari, Jozsef Gerevich, Rozália Takács, Gábor Gazdag
A widely accepted consensus holds that a variety of motor symptoms subsumed under the term 'catatonia' have been an integral part of the symptomatology of schizophrenia since 1896, when Kraepelin proposed the concept of dementia praecox (schizophrenia). Until recently, psychiatric classifications included catatonic schizophrenia mainly through tradition, without compelling evidence of its validity as a schizophrenia subtype. This selective review briefly summarizes the history, psychopathology, demographic and epidemiological data, and treatment options for schizophrenia with prominent catatonic features...
August 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784360/resurgence-of-catatonia-following-tapering-or-stoppage-of-lorazepam-a-case-series-and-implications
#2
Syed Farooq Ali, Guru S Gowda, T S Jaisoorya, Suresh Bada Math
The resurgence of catatonia following tapering of lorazepam is a common clinical phenomenon. However, there is limited evidence on the relationship between tapering method of lorazepam and resurgence of catatonic state. We report seven (0.6%) such patients who were found to have resurgence of catatonia. The mean age is 35.7 years; five of them had schizophrenia and other psychotic spectrum disorders. Five of them had resurgence within one week of stoppage, and three of them had multiple resurgences and required maintenance treatment with lorazepam...
August 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777033/pulmonary-embolism-during-stuporous-episodes-of-catatonia-was-found-to-be-the-most-frequent-cause-of-preventable-death-according-to-a-state-mortality-review-6-deaths-in-15-years
#3
Rocio Puentes, Allen Brenzel, Jose de Leon
Case reports have indicated that pulmonary embolism (PE) can be associated with deaths during episodes of catatonia. A 15-year death registry in Kentucky state psychiatric hospitals was reviewed for deaths during episodes of catatonia. From 2002 to May of 2016, reports of 96 deaths at these state psychiatric hospitals were found and reviewed by the state mortality committee. The charts of the identified catatonic patients were thoroughly reviewed. All 6 deaths occurred during episodes of what Fink and Taylor would call retarded catatonia and Ungvari would call acute stuporous catatonia...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769826/posttraumatic-reactions-to-psychosis-a-qualitative-analysis
#4
Weili Lu, Kim T Mueser, Stanley D Rosenberg, Philip T Yanos, Neisrein Mahmoud
The current study aimed to evaluate the potentially traumatic aspects of psychotic symptoms and psychiatric treatment of psychosis using qualitative methods. Participants included 63 people with first episode psychosis or multiple psychotic episodes recruited from an inpatient psychiatric unit and an urban state psychiatric hospital in the North East region of the United States. Quasi-structured interviews were used to explore those aspects of symptoms and treatment that were perceived as traumatic Emotional reactions to the most traumatic aspect of symptoms and treatment, during and after the event, were also examined...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767531/catatonia-misdiagnosed-as-dementia
#5
Cuneyt Tegin, George Kalayil, Steven Lippmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754582/catatonia-in-children-and-adolescents-new-perspectives
#6
Xavier Benarous, Marie Raffin, Vladimir Ferrafiat, Angèle Consoli, David Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Catatonia is a rare and severe psychomotor condition in children and adolescents. In the current report, we aimed to review the recent literature. METHOD: Using a PRISMA approach, we searched MEDLINE between 1982 and 2017 using the keywords 'CATATONIA' and 'CHILD' or 'ADOLESCENT'. In total, we reviewed 130 reports (controlled study, N=4; clinical chart, N=23; case report, N=54; and editorial/review, N=42). RESULTS: Several aspects seem to be age specific: (1) although the clinical presentation resembles that in adults, some symptoms are important in children and adolescents (e...
July 25, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718758/resignation-syndrome-is-it-a-new-phenomenon-or-is-it-catatonia
#7
Sandra P Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718720/phenomenal-insights-catatonia-a-matter-of-positioning-ideas
#8
Cornelia Kaufmann, Neelya Agalawatta, Marc Masson, Gin S Malhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710304/hyponatraemia-associated-catatonia
#9
Eimear McGuire, Mythily Yohanathan, Leona Lally, Geraldine McCarthy
This is a case report highlighting the impact of low sodium levels on one's mental status. For the first time in the literature, we see two discrete episodes of catatonia associated with hyponatraemia occurring in the same patient. On both occasions, his serum sodium levels were depleted; he became profoundly psychotic with catatonic symptoms. Recovery, with complete resolution of all symptoms, was associated with normalisation of these levels. This case exemplifies the profound effect that electrolyte imbalances, in particular sodium depletion can have on a patient's mental status and is for the first time, we see this effect on two temporally unrelated occasions in the same patient...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691306/to-define-melancholia-follow-the-path-of-catatonia-commentary-by-invitation-on-parker-bassett-outhred-et%C3%A2-al-2017-defining-melancholia-a-core-mood-disorder
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659239/a-causality-algorithm-to-guide-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-catatonia-due-to-autoimmune-conditions-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Vladimir Ferrafiat, Marie Raffin, Elena Freri, Tiziana Granata, Nardo Nardocci, Federica Zibordi, Nicolas Bodeau, Xavier Benarous, Bertrand Olliac, Elise Riquin, Jean Xavier, Sylvie Viaux, Julien Haroche, Zahir Amoura, Priscille Gerardin, David Cohen, Angèle Consoli
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric catatonia is a rare and life-threatening syndrome. Around 20% of juvenile catatonia is associated with organic condition (Consoli et al., 2012). Autoimmune conditions represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge since specific antibodies can be missed. To facilitate decision making, we recently formulated a causality assessment score (CAUS) using a stepwise approach and an immunosuppressive therapeutic challenge (Ferrafiat et al., 2016). Our objectives were to validate retrospectively CAUS and to define its threshold for an accurate distinction between organic catatonia and non-organic catatonia, and specifically between autoimmune catatonia and non-organic catatonia...
June 25, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658010/refractory-catatonia-due-to-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-responsive-to-electroconvulsive-therapy-the-clinical-use-of-the-clock-drawing-test
#12
Michel Medina, Joseph J Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658008/intravenous-midazolam-as-a-diagnostic-test-for-catatonia
#13
Feras Ali Mustafa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647110/success-of-tardive-electroconvulsive-therapy-sessions-after-loxapine-induced-malignant-syndrome-in-the-context-of-very-poor-metabolisation
#14
Juliette Descoeur, Laurent Philibert, Kevin Chalard, Jérôme Attal, Pierre Petit, Kada Klouche, Mathieu Olivier
We report the success of tardive electroconvulsive therapy in a case of loxapine malignant syndrome with catatonia. Loxapine and its metabolites were measured in biological samples by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Genes were studied by sequencing and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Plasmatic drug concentrations showed a supratherapeutic concentration of loxapine with a very low 8-hydroxyloxapine/loxapine ratio (range from 0.32 to 0.66, normal value>2 for 100mg) and a very long elimination half-life of loxapine (half-life>140h, normal value from 1 to 4hours)...
May 29, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640169/the-use-of-lorazepam-and-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-catatonia-treatment-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-60-patients
#15
Ahmet Unal, Abdurrahman Altindag, Bahadir Demir, Ihsan Aksoy
OBJECTIVES: Lorazepam and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) are effective treatments for catatonia. However, systematic data on these treatments in catatonia are limited. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the clinical and treatment-related characteristics of patients with catatonia who underwent lorazepam and/or ECT. METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2016, we received 60 patients with catatonia hospitalized in the Gaziantep University Faculty of Medicine Clinic of Psychiatry...
June 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639007/is-electroconvulsive-therapy-an-evidence-based-treatment-for-catatonia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Arnaud Leroy, Florian Naudet, Guillaume Vaiva, Andrew Francis, Pierre Thomas, Ali Amad
We aimed to review and discuss the evidence-based arguments for the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the treatment of catatonia. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies focusing on the response to ECT in catatonia were selected in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov and Current Controlled Trials through October 2016 and qualitatively described. Trials assessing pre-post differences using a catatonia or clinical improvement rating scale were pooled together using a random effect model...
June 21, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633719/a-case-of-recurrent-hypersomnia-with-autonomic-dysfunction
#17
Mandana Mahmoudi, Daniel Friedman, Martina Vendrame, Sanjeev V Kothare
We report the case of a 50-year-old man with disabling recurrent hypersomnia with autonomic instability due to catatonia in the setting of atypical bipolar disorder. Treatment with valproic acid for bipolar disorder resulted in complete resolution of symptoms.
July 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615768/the-phenomenology-and-treatment-response-in-catatonia-a-hospital-based-descriptive-study
#18
Sarada Prasanna Swain, Sushree Sangita Behura, Manoj Kumar Dash
BACKGROUND: Literatures regarding clinical symptomatology and treatment response of catatonia are very few. OBJECTIVE: To assess onset, clinical profile, diagnostic break up, treatment response and outcome in patients diagnosed as Catatonia, reported to a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in indoor of Mental Health Institute (Centre of Excellence), S.C.B. Medical College, between March 2015 to March 2016...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610803/catatonia-is-not-schizophrenia-and-it-is-treatable
#19
Francisco J Appiani, Gonzalo S Castro
Catatonia is a cluster of motor features that appears in many recognized psychiatric illnesses, that according to the DSM-5 it is not linked as a subtype to schizophrenia anymore. The classic signs are mutism, a rigid posture, fixed staring, stereotypic movements, and stupor, which are all part of a broad psychopathology that may be found in affective, thought, neurological, toxic, metabolic and immunological disorders. Despite the many etiologies, catatonia may be a life-threatening condition with a specific treatment...
June 10, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578181/catatonia-in-an-inpatient-gerontopsychiatric-population
#20
R Takács, M Asztalos, G S Ungvari, G Gazdag
There are limited data on the prevalence of catatonia in the elderly. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of catatonia in elderly patients (=/> 65 years) acutely admitted to the psychiatric unit of a general hospital. All patients aged 65 years and above admitted to a general hospital psychiatric unit over a 4-month period were screened for catatonia with the 14-item Bush-Francis Catatonia Screening Instrument (BFCSI). Patients with a minimum of 2 symptoms on the BFCSI were rated with the 23-item Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS)...
September 2017: Psychiatry Research
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